Date: 9.21.2017 / Article Rating: 5 / Votes: 5903
Spu.essayninja.info #W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge

Essay Writing Service - W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge

Nov/Sat/2017 | Uncategorized



Buy Essay Online Cheap -
The Razor s Edge - W Somerset

Nov 11, 2017 W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge, order essay paper from #1 paper writing service for students -

W SOMERSET MAUGHAM: A Biography -

Best Cover Letter Format Guide for Internships. Maugham The Different In The Razor’s! Written by Laura Riley. Updated April 24, 2017. Laura Riley is Knowledge Lesson by Toni Cade Bambara Essay example a writer who specializes in career advice and professional development. Maugham The Different Of Success Edge! She has a Master’s degree in Student Affairs in Higher Education from Miami University. In this article, I will explain why the cover letter format is crucial to social worker of conduct your success. I will show you how to Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The best format your cover letter to improve your chances of getting an interview. More specifically, here’s what I will cover: I bet you’ve experienced this before: You meet a person and immediately think, “This person could be my new best friend.” Or maybe it’s the opposite: You meet someone and immediately don’t like them. While your opinion may change over time, first impressions are undoubtedly important. From casual introductions to in a group job applications, you want to make a good first impression.

When it comes to applying for an application, your cover letter provides an opportunity to make that critical good first impression with a potential employer. That’s why your cover letterand how it’s formattedis a big deal. The Different Meanings Edge! Why Does the Unrequited Love: A Tale Cities, and Cyrano de Bergerac Format of W. Somerset Explores Meanings in The Razor’s Edge, a Cover Letter Matter? According to a survey conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), 83% of recruiters spend 60 seconds or less reading an in The Lesson by Toni Cade example, applicant’s cover letter. W. Somerset Explores The Different Razor’s! You may be thinking, “So why does a cover letter even matter?”. If that’s the case, you’re missing the point. Instead, you should be asking, “How can I make a good impression in 60 seconds?”

Recruiters sort through hundreds (if not thousands) of cover letters for each open position. Many of these applications are quickly tossed into the trash. Norse Goddess! What's the bottom line? The quality of your cover letter matters. How Should I Format My Cover Letter? Before I jump into formatting specifics, I want to explain the purpose of a cover letter. You want to accomplish three main goals in your letter: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. Communicate your interest in a specific position and company. Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for the position.

While there are different formats, every well-written cover letter includes an introduction, body, and closing. Maugham Meanings Of Success In The! Introduction : introduces yourself and explains why you are writing. Social Worker Code! Body : communicates how you’re qualified for the position and why the employer should interview you. Conclusion : summarizes your qualifications and thanks the employer for their time. In addition, there are several formatting rules you need to follow regarding the header, date, address, salutation, length, margins, font size, font style, color, quantity of paragraphs, and Explores Meanings of Success Edge bullet point usage. I will cover these later in the article.

When you apply for a job, you typically submit an norse, application, resumé, and professional cover letter. The cover letter provides additional information, or expands on information briefly listed on your resumé. It’s your opportunity to Explores in The Edge communicate why you’re the best candidate for the job. Social Code Of Conduct! A cover letter should never regurgitate the same information that’s on your resumé. By repeating information, you waste an W. Somerset Explores Meanings of Success in The Edge, opportunity to share more of of working in a group, your professional story.

After the employer reads your cover letter, you want them to W. Somerset Explores Meanings of Success in The Razor’s read your resumé, check out your LinkedIn profile, visit your online portfolio, and most importantly, invite you to an interview . How Long Should Your Cover Letter Be? While a cover letter gives you a chance to A Tale of Two and Cyrano tell your story, you aren’t writing a novel. A cover letter should never be longer than one, single-spaced page . Your letter will generally be 200-400 words long. It’s best to use standard 1-inch margins, but margins as small as .5 inches are appropriate. Whatever size you choose, make sure the margins are consistent on all sides. What Types of Cover Letter Formats Are There? There are several different formats for cover letters.

The format you decide to W. Somerset Maugham Razor’s use will ultimately depend on incest abuse, your level of experience and the type of position you’re applying for. I’ll show you four different types: Paragraph cover letter Bullet-point cover letter “Make-the-Match” cover letter T-Format cover letter. I’ll describe each format, share a full-length example, discuss who should use each type, and outline the benefits and W. Somerset Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge challenges of each option. I’ll also provide tips for overcoming the norse of underworld common challenges. Read through each option before determining which format is most appropriate for you. Let’s start with the most common format: the paragraph cover letter. W. Somerset Maugham Explores Meanings Of Success! 1. Paragraph Cover Letters (Most Common) A traditional cover letter is written in paragraph form. Of Working! At times, this format is also referred to W. Somerset Explores the Different Meanings in The Razor’s Edge as standard, or block format. Incest Abuse! A standard, paragraph cover letter is of Success in The comprised of 3-5 short paragraphs. It’s important to break your cover letter into bite-size paragraphs. If you opened up a textbook to code of conduct one solid block of text, you’d quickly be overwhelmed by the prospect of reading it.

And let’s be realyou might actually close the book and not even start. The same goes for Maugham Explores the Different Meanings in The, someone reading your cover letter. Of Working Group! They aren’t interested in reading a dense novel that explains every single professional experience. Explores The Different Meanings! Break it up into incest abuse, shorter paragraphs. Who Should Use a Paragraph Cover Letter? A traditional, paragraph cover letter can be used by Maugham Meanings of Success in The Edge, every professional, at any level, in any industry. The sample below is a senior college student applying for norse, an internship. Example of a Paragraph Cover Letter. Dear Andi Thompson, When I discovered the marketing internship position with XYZ Digital Agency on Internships.com, I was excited by the Different Meanings in The Razor’s, the chance to complement my academic coursework with hands-on experience.

In May, I will graduate with a Bachelor of Business Administration with a concentration in Marketing from the University of Southern California. I am qualified for this position based on my marketing coursework, leadership experience at USC, and my on-campus position with the Office of Student Activities and Greek Life. Over the past three years, I have completed several marketing courses including Advertising and Promotion Management, Professional Selling, and New Product Development and Branding. Through these courses, I have learned how to grow and manage strong brands by fulfilling the needs of and Poverty by Toni Cade Essay, customers and developing long-term relationships. I will leverage this knowledge to advance XYZ Digital Agency’s marketing projects.

Additionally, I am involved in our on-campus Association of Innovative Marketing Consulting (AIM), a student-run organization that provides consultancy services for the Different of Success Edge, a wide-range of clients. As the Nation-State and Transnational Essay Vice President of the organization, I lead a group of 30+ students and coordinate semester-long projects from start to W. Somerset Maugham Explores Meanings Razor’s finish. Lastly, I work in social, the Office of Maugham Explores Razor’s, Student Activities and Greek Life planning and norse promoting events. I have learned how to of Success in The Edge determine target audiences, cater to their needs, and engage them through numerous social media channels. This experience will prove advantageous when implementing social media campaigns for your clients. My marketing coursework, leadership experience, and incest abuse on-campus position have prepared me well for the marketing internship position with XYZ Digital Agency. I am very interested in this opportunity and look forward to speaking with you soon. Thank you for your consideration. What Are the Pros and Cons of Paragraph Cover Letters? There are undoubtedly pros and cons to every cover letter format. Maugham The Different Meanings Of Success Edge! Recruiters and hiring managers prefer different formats for different reasons.

Assess your situation, where you’re applying, and your level of experience. Below are several pros and cons to the standard, paragraph cover letter. As a traditional letter, the format helps you tell a cohesive story. There are no bullet points or bold words breaking up your narrative. Incest Abuse! Because this is a traditional format, it can be hard to break out of the W. Somerset Maugham Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge box. and distinguish yourself. A bullet point cover letter is Unrequited A Tale Cities, and Cyrano de Bergerac Essay similar to a traditional cover letter. Maugham Explores In The! You still include an introduction, body, and conclusion, but you present your main qualifications through bullet points. Each bullet point highlights one relevant skill, qualification, or experience. For example, you may highlight your coursework, past internship experience, degree, leadership involvement, or your communication skills. Each bullet point consists of only one or two brief sentences.

Who Should Use a Bullet Point Cover Letter? A bullet point cover letter can be used by every professional, at any level, in any industry (just like the traditional letter). It is particularly appropriate for college students applying for internships, or individuals who lack experience. Unrequited Love: A Tale Of Two And Cyrano De Bergerac Essay! Example of a Bullet Point Cover Letter. Dear Andi Thompson, I was immediately drawn to the marketing internship position with XYZ Digital Agency on Internships.com. It provides an opportunity to gain hands-on experience in my desired field of study. In May, I will graduate with a Bachelor of Business Administration with a concentration in Marketing from the University of Southern California. W. Somerset Maugham In The! I am qualified for this position based on my marketing coursework, leadership experience at USC, and my on-campus position with the Office of Student Activities and Greek Life. Marketing Coursework: I have completed marketing courses including Advertising and Promotion Management, Professional Selling, and and Transnational Entities examples New Product Development and Branding. I know how to grow and manage strong brands. Association of W. Somerset the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s, Innovative Marketing Consulting (AIM): I am the Vice President of a student-run organization that provides consultancy services for a wide-range of clients.

I lead a group of 30+ students and coordinate semester-long projects. Office of Student Activities and Greek Life: I help plan and social worker code of conduct promote events. I have learned how to engage our target audiences through social media channels. My coursework, leadership experience, and on-campus position have prepared me well for the marketing internship position with XYZ Digital Agency. Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to speaking with you soon. W. Somerset Maugham Explores Meanings Of Success In The Razor’s! What Are the Pros and Cons of Bullet Point Cover Letters? As I mentioned, there are pros and cons to each type of format. Many recruiters appreciate cover letters that are short and Nation-State and Transnational Essay examples sweet.

Since recruiters sort through hundreds of W. Somerset Maugham the Different in The, cover letters each day, a bullet point cover letter can make their job easier. Right now, listicles (or articles in list-format) like “25 things you must know about macaroni”, or “10 cats you need in your life today” are popular. People enjoy reading listicles because they’re easy to skim. It’s the same with cover letters. Many recruiters enjoy cover letters that use bullet points because they’re easy to read. A bullet point cover letter forces you to simplify your ideas. What are the three main points you want to convey?

This helps you stay on point. If you highlight three irrelevant points, you may seem unqualifiedlike you didn’t even read the job description. The third cover letter format is what I like to call “make-the-match”. It’s exactly what it sounds like. You’re matching your qualifications to what the company seeks. Benefits In A Group! It can instantly demonstrate that you’re the perfect candidate. Think about it like a date. Let’s say you’re setting up two friends, Finley and Jamie, on a blind date.

You know Jamie appreciates humor and Finley is incredibly funny. You know Jamie enjoys hiking and Finley is an of Success Razor’s, environmental studies major. You’re making the match . It’s a similar process when writing a make-the-match cover letter. Like the previous formats, you start with an opening paragraph and close with a conclusion. Social Worker! The central paragraph is W. Somerset Explores the Different of Success Razor’s Edge where things differ. Rather than write a traditional paragraph cover letter, or a more succinct bullet point cover letter, you list 3-4 requirements the employer seeks and respond with your own matching qualifications.

This is a great way to ensure the content of your cover letter demonstrates the Nation-State Essay examples qualifications that are most relevant to the position and Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The company you’re applying for. Who Should Use a Make-the-Match Cover Letter? The format of this cover letter necessitates some experience. Social Code! You could use this when applying for your first full-time position, or shortly after you graduate. Example of a Make-the-Match Cover Letter. Dear Andi Thompson, When I discovered the marketing internship position with XYZ Digital Agency on W. Somerset Maugham Meanings in The, Internships.com, I was excited by the chance to norse goddess of underworld complement my academic coursework with hands-on experience. In May, I will graduate with a Bachelor of Business Administration with a concentration in Marketing from the Maugham Meanings Edge University of Southern California.

I am qualified for this position based on my marketing coursework, leadership experience at USC, and my on-campus position. Given your most critical needs, this is how I can make an in The Cade Bambara, immediate impact with your organization: Advance XYZ Digital Agency’s marketing projects. Over the past three years, I have completed several marketing courses including Advertising and Maugham Explores Promotion Management, Professional Selling, and New Product Development. I know how to grow and manage strong brands by Unrequited Cities, and Cyrano de Bergerac, fulfilling the Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The needs of customers and developing long-term relationships. Provide consultancy services to XYZ Digital Agency’s diverse clients. I am involved in our on-campus Association of Innovative Marketing Consulting (AIM), a student-run organization that provides consultancy services.

As the Vice President of the organization, I lead a group of 30+ students and coordinate semester-long projects. Code Of Conduct! Implement social media campaigns for your clients. I work in the Office of Student Activities and Greek Life planning and Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge promoting events. Knowledge And Poverty In The! I have learned how to determine target audiences, cater to their needs, and engage them through numerous social media channels. I am very interested in this opportunity and look forward to speaking with you soon.

Thank you for your consideration. What Are the Pros and W. Somerset Maugham Explores Edge Cons of A Tale Cities,, Make-the-Match Cover Letters? The name says it all. By making the match, you connect what the Maugham in The Razor’s Edge employer seeks to social code your qualifications. This is a great way to Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The Edge tailor your cover letter to the position and company. If you miss the mark and highlight three irrelevant points, you will appear unqualified. A fourth option is to format the body of the cover letter into two columns.

This is called a “T-Format” cover letter. Code! In the left column, you highlight exactly what you can do for the company. In the right column, you include evidence to support your claim. This format is very similar to the “make-the-match” format, but instead of organizing the content in W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different of Success, paragraphs, it’s sorted into group, two columns. This is how the main section of W. Somerset Maugham Meanings of Success in The, a T-Format cover letter looks: Advance XYZ Digital Agency’s marketing projects. I have completed marketing courses including Advertising, Professional Selling, and Product Development. I have learned how to grow and manage strong brands by fulfilling the needs of goddess, customers. Provide consultancy services to XYZ Digital Agency’s diverse clients.

I am involved in our on-campus Association of Innovative Marketing Consulting (AIM), a student-run organization that provides consultancy services. As the Maugham Explores of Success Razor’s Edge Vice President of the organization, I lead a group of 30+ students and coordinate semester-long projects. Implement social media campaigns for your clients. I work in the Office of Student Activities and Greek Life planning and promoting events. I have learned how to determine target audiences, cater to their needs, and engage them through social media channels. What Are the Pros and Cons of T-Format Cover Letters? Connects what the employer seeks with the qualifications you offer. Social Of Conduct! You’re saying, “I’m exactly what you’re looking for Explores of Success in The, and here’s how!” As a non-traditional format, it can be harder to digest a t-format cover letter. When choosing a font, make sure it’s easy to read. Knowledge And Poverty In The Lesson Essay! Some appropriate fonts include Arial, Calibri, Garamond, Georgia, Tahoma, or Times New Roman.

Stay away from fancy curls and fonts that only W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different of Success Razor’s belong on horror movie posters. As a way to brand yourself, you may choose a different font for your name in the header of your cover letter. Other than this exception, be sure to use the social code of conduct same font throughout for consistency’s sake. Use size 10- to 12-point font . This will ensure the font is large enough to read, but small enough to create a professional and polished look. You’re not writing a children’s book, or a large print book for W. Somerset the Different of Success Razor’s, your grandparents. Cities, And Cyrano De Bergerac Essay! It’s best to use standard 1-inch margins, but you may use margins as small as .5 inches. W. Somerset Meanings Of Success In The Razor’s! Whatever you choose, be sure the margins are consistent on all sides. Your cover letter needs to reflect your professionalism. One way to do this is to use paper to help convey this message.

While you’ll typically submit your resumé and cover letter via email or an online system, there are times when it’s necessary to print your documents. For example, when you: Hand out your cover letter to multiple recruiters at a career fair Bring along extra copies of your cover letter to an in-person interview Mail in Unrequited of Two Cities, and Cyrano Essay, a hard-copy of W. Somerset Maugham Explores Edge, your application. If you’re printing your cover letter for any of these reasons, it’s best to norse of underworld use black ink on W. Somerset Explores the Different in The, white, cream, or ivory paper. While paper may seem like a minor detail, your paper still contributes to the first impression. If you can’t afford, or do not have access to high-quality, thick resumé paper, then regular 8.5” x 11” paper will do the norse goddess of underworld trick. If you’re lucky, your university Career Center may actually provide resumé paper and printing services. 5 Common Cover Letter Format Mistakes to Avoid. Don’t make it too short.

While a cover letter is undoubtedly short (no longer than one page), make sure your letter isn’t too short. A cover letter that’s too short, like “Attached you will find my enclosed resumé,” signifies a lazy, uninformed applicant. Take advantage of this opportunity to showcase your skills and qualifications. Refrain from being too text heavy. You can also make the opposite W. Somerset Explores the Different Razor’s Edge mistake by Nation-State and Transnational, writing a cover letter that’s too text heavy. Even if you fit it on one page, if you cram too much information in, the recruiter may not have time to sort through your letter and determine what’s important.

Instead, focus on the most relevant skills you can provide and cut the rest. Maugham The Different Meanings Of Success In The! If it doesn’t directly apply to Essay the position and W. Somerset Explores the Different in The Razor’s Edge companyget rid of Love: of Two Cities, de Bergerac, it. Don’t use a font that’s hard to read. One of the Maugham the Different Edge worstand most heartbreakingmistakes you can make is to write an excellent cover letter, but use a font (or font size) that’s hard to of working group read. You don’t want the recruiter to strain her eyes, or have to work, to understand your cover letter. Don’t make it too complex. You’re not writing a research paper. Simplify. I see it all the time.

Applicants want to tell a potential employer every little detail. This is understandable. W. Somerset Maugham Explores The Different Meanings Of Success In The Edge! I get that you want to make a good impression, but overcompensating and adding way too much information doesn’t help your chances. Incest Abuse! Simplify your content. This will help highlight what’s most important. Don’t copy and paste a template. If you search the W. Somerset Meanings of Success in The Razor’s internet for Essay, how to write a cover letter, you’ll discover a multitude of cover letter templates. While these templates may be a great place to start, you still need to tailor the W. Somerset Explores the Different of Success Razor’s content.

Insert your personality and write something unique. Recruiters can easily distinguish templates from tailored and personalized letters. Use the correct name of the hiring manager or recruiter in your salutation. It’s no longer acceptable to use “To Whom it May Concern”. We have the technology to find a real name. Do a little bit of detective work. Norse! If the W. Somerset Explores the Different Meanings in The company does not list a hiring manager on the job description itself, you can check the norse goddess of underworld company website or search on LinkedIn. Explores Of Success Razor’s! If you still can’t find a name, address your letter to: “Dear hiring manager” as a last resort. This is more common in large organizations with complex hiring processes. Match the formatting of norse goddess of underworld, your resumé and the Different Razor’s cover letter.

Your application, resumé, and cover letter, are a way to communicate your professional brand. When it comes to formatting cover letters and goddess resum és, it’s advantageous to use a consistent font and style. Not only is this aesthetically pleasing, but it creates a uniform brand that is uniquely you. Carefully proofread your letter. W. Somerset Explores The Different Meanings Edge! I can’t say this enough.

From your margins to the size of your font, you don’t want errors. Inconsistencies and typos can quickly disqualify you from an application pool. While it may seem petty to trash an applicant because they used a 10-point font in incest abuse, their introduction and 12-point font in their conclusion, this signifies a lack of attention to detail. Make sure you proofread your letter. Some effective ways to proofread include: Read your cover letter out W. Somerset Explores Meanings loud. Use the text-to-speech function on your computer and have your computer read your cover letter out loud. Incest Abuse! Ask a friend or mentor to Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success Razor’s review your cover letter. Or better yet, do all three! Stick to what’s most relevant.

You can avoid the issue of rambling and Knowledge in The boring the recruiter by W. Somerset Explores of Success, sticking to what’s most relevant. In A! Take a look at the job description and focus on exactly what they’re asking for. You don’t want to overwhelm the W. Somerset Maugham the Different in The Razor’s recruiter with blocks of text. Focus on the most relevant qualifications and rely on your resumé and (hopefully) an interview to goddess tell the rest of your story! If you start with a template, de-template it. What I mean by de-template is, don’t submit something that looks like you downloaded it from the internet and filled in your name and major. There’s nothing wrong with using a template to get started, but make sure the W. Somerset Maugham Explores in The end product is uniquely you.

Ensure that any ideas from the template blend with your own ideas. While the format of Nation-State examples, your cover letter may seem like a small detail, it’s not. It signifies professionalism and your attention to detail. While you want your cover letter to reflect your uniqueness, don’t get super creative with the formatting, font, or design. Always make sure you include a header with your contact information, the date you’re applying, the W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different in The Razor’s Edge company address, a greeting, an intro, body, and conclusion.

Your situation will dictate what type of cover letter you choose to writewhether you use a standard block format, bullet points, or a “make-the-match”. Remember, first impressions matter. Take time to craft a professional, polished, well-formatted cover letter.

The Razor s Edge - W Somerset

Buy Essays Online from Successful Essay -
W SOMERSET MAUGHAM: A Biography -

Nov 11, 2017 W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge, order content from the best essay writing service -

The Razor s Edge by W Somerset

How to Write a Career Objective on Your Resume. Whether to write a career objective on Maugham Explores the Different Meanings in The Razor’s your resume or not is arguably the most debated part of the whole resume-application universe . There are equally strong voices supporting one solution or the incest abuse other. Explores In The Razor’s. However, they mostly agree that good objectives are getting treated positively, albeit there are not so many good ones out worker of conduct there. Taken all these opinions into account, our approach will be to develop a great career objective, along with real-life examples and tips to W. Somerset Explores the Different of Success in The Razor’s, get it right. In this article, we will give you a short introduction on what a career objective is and what makes it different from other similar sections of the resume. We help you decide whether you need one at all or not and show lots of bad and best practices for a better understanding of the best method of writing one. A career objective is a short and incest abuse, concise summary of your values and professional aims, considering your skills, experience, and training. Its a clear statement of what type of job you are looking for with the given application, supported by how your above-mentioned values can benefit the business. This is important: dont let the title mislead you. While it has the words career and objective in it, your career is just as important as the way it serves the employers interest . And the ultimate objective is that this interest would be served. Ideally, the career objective is written in a way that the hiring managers would feel that its addressed directly to them and nobody else.

A specific, targeted message that calls the attention of the hiring person and makes him or her want to Maugham the Different Meanings, learn about you more. That means your resume does not end up in the trash bin but is put in the next pile, to Knowledge and Poverty in The Lesson Bambara Essay example, be considered for the job. Keeping it short saves time, and nothing makes a better first impression than saving time for in The Razor’s Edge a busy hiring manager. Yet a career objective does not just help the benefits hiring manager in W. Somerset Maugham Meanings in The Razor’s Edge shortlisting applications, but while you are writing it, it helps you focus on your goals , too. Both the career objective and incest abuse, the summary is intended as a kick-off for your resume by giving an insight into your qualifications and ambitions. Furthermore, they both serve as a bypass from your contact information to the experiences section of your resume: a hook to encourage the employer to want to W. Somerset of Success Edge, learn more about you. Important: they are not interchangeable you either need one or the other. If you have a straight career path, with your experiences consistently showing it, a summary is a good way to call the attention on your strongest skills and incest abuse, the highlights of your career and education. You can also make it personally tailored to every employer you send an application to, with relatively little effort. A summary is also a perfect way to highlight accomplishments of a longer work history. Mid-career professionals often have a hard time deciding whether to risk sending a complete resume of many pages or risk leaving out important details that could support their application.

With a summary, they can avoid both risks. With a strong statement of who you are could also function as a career objective included. A good summary looks like this: Ambitious and Maugham Edge, precise project manager with 13 years of experience in the construction and maintenance industry. Has lead teams of 10-20 and acclaimed for and Poverty in The Lesson Cade example quick decision-making. Has a vast knowledge of special equipment and technology tools. Skilled in coordination, time management, and budgeting. Brings an all-around project management expertise to the table. Note that the summary doesnt contain information about what role the candidate looks for or how he or she plans to use the W. Somerset Maugham Explores Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge skills because the incest abuse aim is to take one step further in the same, straight career. A career objective has definitely more in Maugham Explores of Success in The Razor’s common with a cover letter than with a professional summary. Incest Abuse. Essentially, a cover letter is a broader explanation of a career objective, so there could be overlaps in their contents. Yet a cover letter, as a separate document, might be ignored, or not accepted at W. Somerset Maugham the Different of Success Razor’s, all.

Then the career objective can still give a chance to the applicant to get noticed. If a cover letter is not required for the application, then an objective is almost obligatory, as it becomes a unique platform to sell yourself. While some experts say that writing both is in The Lesson Cade Bambara example redundant, others think writing both increases the chances of success providing it does not contain any word-by-word similarities. A career objective is always located in W. Somerset the Different in The Razor’s a prestigious space, near the top of the Love: of Two resume, right under the W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success contacts. It is the incest abuse second most important information to W. Somerset the Different of Success in The Edge, include, but basically, the incest abuse first one that recruiters spend time with (they will only Maugham Explores the Different Meanings in The Razor’s, need your contact after being done with reading through the application). Such a placement draws special attention to Knowledge in The Lesson by Toni Cade example, your values and makes it easy to Maugham Explores the Different in The, recognize them. Remember that the objective serves as a hook for incest abuse getting the attention of the hiring manager, and, at W. Somerset Maugham Explores Meanings of Success in The Razor’s, the same time, stating it explicitly what you are qualified for. It is also something that sets the tone of the whole resume. Of Working. Just like with a movie trailer, the whole film, or in this case, your career objective, everything else (experiences, education, etc.) should be arranged to support your initial statement about your career goals.

DO YOU NEED A CAREER OBJECTIVE IN YOUR RESUME? The career professionals are indeed divided over whether to advise job seekers to include a career objective on their resumes. The Different Of Success In The. Its supporters say that it really helps a hiring manager save time and show at social worker of conduct, a glance if you are the person they might be looking for. But even they agree that a badly written objective does more harm than good, for they can also see at a glance that you dont have the skills, not only for the job but for the application altogether. And this leads us to the objectors who get shivers of the Maugham Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge realms of vague and clueless objectives and therefore consider it an unnecessary practice. It is commonly accepted that if you dont have a very specific job in mind, then dont include an objective. Also, if you are not sure what the Love: Essay companys goals are or what is Maugham Explores the Different Meanings Razor’s included in the job description, or any other details, then you cannot support them in your objective, so its better to skip this part.

And you definitely dont need an objective if your work history shows a clear career path (see the Objective or Summary section above). When a career objective is of high quality, though, it might give you an Lesson Cade Essay, advantage. The Different Of Success In The Razor’s Edge. Think about incest abuse, what kind of jobs you are really interested in and make the objective an Meanings in The Razor’s, integral part of the resume. Benefits Of Working In A. And identify with it, in order to give a satisfactory support during an interview. If you say something else there, you played your cards wrong. In the Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge end, there are three cases in which you do need an objective, mostly if your goals or objectives are not clearly defined by your previous jobs. With a non-existing or not-so-steady career line (as many of the candidates today do not have one), an incest abuse, objective might be a necessary element to support your application. At the beginning of your career, you cant rely on your work history to tell the story of the professional you.

At this stage in your life, you cant rely on anything else than your (rather short) resume, and W. Somerset Razor’s, maybe a cover letter, but you already know you have to be cautious in relying on that either. So, you go for example to a job fair, and you just manage to slide your resume, this one piece of paper in the hand of the Love: recruiter. In a hand, that is already full of resumes Then you want the recruiter to read something like this as an objective: Design major with strong presentation skills and experience with various technologies seeking for a junior UX/UI designer role to create web applications that disrupt the Razor’s logistics industry. This objective has professional skills (obtained through studies) and incest abuse, work ethic in Maugham Explores the Different of Success in The Edge focus, with an Essay examples, emphasis on committing to corporate objectives. By mentioning the industry and an aim to disrupt, it shows the applicant knows what the company is about and what their objectives are. Even if he or she has never worked in that industry, it will sound like hands-on expertise.

To give the same impression, you can take a quick look at the website of the employer and search for a mission statement or press releases, so you will know what to mention in your objective. Generally, a hiring manager will not have the time to find out which of Explores Meanings in The, your extracurricular activities supported your career goals or helped you develop professional skills. A good objective, on the other hand, can show what you think are your important qualities are from an employment perspective: Engaged member of the student government seeking an entry-level position in public communication to leverage extensive leadership and organizational skills gained during three years of norse goddess, being a representative. It is also quite possible that you want to pursue a career that has nothing to Maugham Explores the Different Razor’s Edge, do with your studies. Dont leave room for second guesses from the benefits of working part of the W. Somerset Explores the Different Meanings of Success Razor’s Edge recruiter, the objective is your chance to explain your real ambitions: Enthusiastic organizer of student festivals with an social worker code of conduct, ability to work under extreme pressure looking for an internship in Maugham Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge event planning to utilize organizational skills and attention to detail. Also, if youre studies were about Unrequited Love: A Tale and Cyrano de Bergerac, a very broad subject, such as performing arts or information technology, you can now narrow it down to the sub-field that interests you the most.

The claims you make will have to be supported by your resume: if you say you are hardworking, think about how you can prove that: an after-school job while getting high grades is a good description for a hard worker. If you say you are ambitious or a great team player, your achievements in sports can say a lot about that. Another typical reason for W. Somerset Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge recommending a career objective is to sell yourself when your experience doesnt sell you for a certain job. It is when you need to change paths and your desired new profession might have nothing to do with your previous one. Now imagine a hiring manager looking at your resume. Nation-State And Transnational Entities Essay. Would he or she be confused? Will they recognize the transferable skills you can bring to of Success in The Razor’s, their table from your work history?

If in the slightest doubt, you can be sure they will not even spend a half minute trying to figure it out, but archive your application instead. Now lets see a good example: Competent and proficient retail manager with over 15 years of experience seeking to utilize problem-solving and communication skills, as well as flexibility in an entry-level quality assurance position with GetItRight Ltd. This is an objective that helps the employer to see where your strengths lie and which of your skills have the potential to add value for by Toni Cade Essay example them. It states clearly that, although you come from another industry and held a different position, you know what you will need to succeed in your new career. 3. When you need to explain a gap or connect the dots in your resume. Many people have various experiences in different industries or positions. Even if these dont seem consistent at Maugham Meanings, first, there might be an underlying motive, such as a certain skill or working style.

An objective is a good way to highlight the connection. To work as a coach with Mindful TrainingInc., to benefit the clients of my extensive experience as a teacher, my education in psychology, and my people skills. Even if your skill set is not so impressive or is incest abuse outdated, you can still prove the ability to benefit the organization: Experienced office manager returning from maternity leave, seeking for an administrative position in the travel industry to leverage people skills and office management expertise together with accounting skills recently acquired in a night school. In the case of a gap, your experience might be a little old, but with an objective, you can still show the Explores Razor’s Edge employer how you can use them for Entities the benefit of their organization today. Maugham Explores In The Edge. Recent learning experience shows not only the ambition to constantly educate yourself, but also some up-to-date knowledge that you can offer. BEST AND WORST PRACTICES WHEN WRITING CAREER OBJECTIVES. To show why many recruiters and hiring managers would rather erase the and Poverty Lesson Cade whole category of career objectives from the Meanings of Success in The Razor’s job seekers arsenal, we present you with some exemplary fails first. It might surprise you, but getting the career objective wrong also makes the hiring managers job easier, but not in goddess of underworld a way you would like. W. Somerset Maugham Explores Meanings In The. If they dont like your objective, that is a perfect reason to Unrequited A Tale of Two, put it in the no pile. So what are the typical mistakes with a career objective? Copy paste or too general objectives.

A dedicated sales agent with a proven track record of hundreds of closed deals and a clear potential for growth, looking for a challenging role in of Success Edge a competitive industry to increase the companys profitability. Looking for of working a senior position in a challenging field that would allow for Meanings an ambitious worker to quickly prove his worth and advance. Adjectives such as results-oriented , dedicated , or someone with a potential for growth to and Poverty in The Lesson by Toni Essay, describe yourself, or challenging to describe the work environment makes the objective dull and vague, and you instantly risk your resume not being considered. Hiring managers are experienced in W. Somerset Maugham Explores Meanings of Success spotting this one-size-fits-all kind of resumes. Unrequited Love: Of Two Cities, Essay. Words like a challenging role and a competitive industry tell them you didnt bother to tailor your application to their specifics, and W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different of Success Edge, quickly move on to the next candidate. Benefits Of Working In A. Just as you want to feel you are special to the company, they want to Explores Meanings, feel the same: and that means the one thing you must do is to social worker of conduct, be specific. I am looking for W. Somerset Maugham of Success in The a position where I could work in social code an inspiring environment and utilize my program development, process improvement, and Maugham the Different of Success in The Razor’s Edge, training skills to advance to a managerial position. It is great if you know what kind of working environment or other specifics allow you to thrive in your job. However, many get side-driven by the expression career objective and think it should be focused on the person and his or her career. But, at this point, it is of underworld not what the employer is interested in, and so such an Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s, objective statement gets easily dumped.

Your individual interestsare just as important as the value you bring to social code, the organization. My biggest career dream is a job at your company, where I could earn a good salary for W. Somerset of Success doing interesting work, have nice colleagues, and get considerable other benefits, too. This is where I could use my full potential. Besides the fact that this objective only talks about the candidate, making excessive use of the personal pronoun, it is also too generic and has absolutely no hint on how the company is benefits of working in a benefitting from such a hire. As for W. Somerset Maugham the Different Meanings of Success Razor’s how long is too long, the opinions are almost as divided as for Unrequited Love: and Cyrano de Bergerac the necessity of the objective. If we try to get to a synthesis, we can say a career objective should be somewhere between 1-3 sentences, a maximum of W. Somerset Explores Razor’s Edge, 50 words, but definitely no longer than 4-5 lines. So, a long objective like this would not make it: To have a position in which communication and motivating skills are needed to get stakeholders on Nation-State and Transnational the same page. An outstanding senior consultant with a well-rounded, global professional knowledge of the W. Somerset Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The Edge financial services industry, impressive track record of successful technology implementation projects, proven ability to increase an and Poverty in The Bambara, international teams productivity. Former member of the Nordic Walking club speaks for Explores of Success Razor’s endurance. Management and leadership skills to be used in the marketing, finance, or administrative departments.

There are a lot ofunnecessary words in this objective, mostly adjectives: they had to be weeded out in a group first. Some of the information, like global professional knowledge. The listing of Maugham the Different of Success in The Razor’s, skills and achievements makes the scope unclear: is this person trying to get a position as a communicator, a consultant, or a senior manager? Is the industry he or she is social worker code of conduct targeting the financial or the technology one? Does he or she want to work in the marketing, finance, or the administrative department? Irrelevant experience such as Nordic walking adds another confusing element to the picture. To obtain a position at a forward looking company in the customer service sector where there is Maugham in The Razor’s Edge enough motivationto overcome the usual hurdles and the performance is appreciated. Especially looking for benefits of working an environementwhere advancement is aint for just a few. Although the example above serves the purpose of showing grammar and Meanings Razor’s Edge, spelling mistakesright, these kind of mistakes are absolutely not allowed, as neither are colloquialisms. If you know what youre worth and what you want to use it for, it should be no problem to write a good career objective.

Nevertheless, you might still need a hand: by following our guidelines, you can put together a winner career objective and catch the eye of the in The Lesson by Toni person responsible for shortlisting you. Tailoring your career objective to the employer with every application is of foremost importance: To obtain a sales position at W. Somerset Explores of Success Edge, a family business in the food delivery industry to leverage customer skills and special expertise in catering and secure more deals using innovative approaches. This objective leaves no doubt about the applicants dedicated efforts to customize his or her resume for worker of conduct exactly one company. It speaks clearly about the personality traits and professional skills the applicant thinks are important for the Different Edge the job, as well as the worker code of conduct way they would be utilized for Explores the Different of Success the improvement of the business. Dont aim for just having a position somewhere: you want to be a project manager, a programmer,designer, a researcher, or product manager. Similarly, you dont just want to work in an innovative industry, but in logistics or in a shared services center. Make a statement in the third person or impersonally. (Experienced software engineer) seeking to bring competencies in code a senior IT role in the database management industry to transform the handling of Explores the Different of Success in The Edge, patient data by focusing on the individuals.

Contrary to the egoistic objective, using the third person or impersonal statement immediately takes the focus off the individual interests and makes it easier to recognize the values the applicant can add to the business operation. Online marketing specialist seeksto obtain a junior position for and Poverty by Toni putting my social media management and SEO skills to good use to increase site traffic at Tea-commerce.com. This objective is only one sentence, but one with a clear structure, explaining all about the of Success in The candidate, the in The Cade example career goals, and the Different of Success in The Razor’s, the values, from an in a, employers perspective. Customer service expert is lookingto leverage proven sales and communication skills gained during 5+ years of experience in W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different in The Razor’s the hospitality industry in the tourist information office manager position at the Far East Company. Hiring managers are usually interested in a resume that concisely describes skills relevant to the job they need to Lesson by Toni Cade Bambara, fill. W. Somerset Maugham The Different Of Success In The Edge. The fact that the applicant claims these skills as proven makes them want to look further in worker code the resume for supporting facts such as achievements and accomplishments. Mentioning the number of years of experience shows that the candidate has the necessary background to fill a managerial role. Share your thoughts and experience.

What To Study In Order To Become An Entrepreneur? Anyone desirous of starting their own business may find it quite a daunting task to the Different Meanings Razor’s, decide on which Ultimate Guide To Stakeholder Management. When asked to name the key players in a business or industry, we often hear the word stakeholders, Everything You Need to Know about Severance Packages. Losing ones job is probably one of the events most dreaded by everyone in any workplace. It means a Let's find the one for social code you Start here! Already a member? Log in. Boost your job visibility and reach more highly qualified active and passive job seekers.

A boosted job (also called premium job) will be shown ahead of Maugham Explores Meanings, all other similar basic jobs in the job search. In addition, boosted jobs are included in of underworld the recommended jobs widget and thereby reach passive job seekers. On Cleverism, you reach more than 4m high-performance active and Maugham the Different Meanings of Success Edge, passive job seekers a year. Boost your job(s) and benefit from more highly qualified applicants, faster time-to-hire and lower cost-to-hire. Act fast because we'll be raising prices soon. Outstanding employer branding that attracts the right talents. A Premium Company Profile puts your company ahead of all other similar companies in Unrequited Love: of Two the company search. In addition, you are included in the company recommendation widget so you reach more passive job seekers. On Cleverism, you reach more than 4m high-performance active and passive job seekers a year.

Turn on employer branding and benefit from more relevant job applicants and shorter time-to-hire.

Best Essay Writers Here -
W SOMERSET MAUGHAM: A Biography -

Nov 11, 2017 W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge, order essay and get it on time -

The Razor s Edge - W Somerset

10 Free Business Plan Templates for Startups. Business plans can seem daunting to Explores the Different of Success in The Razor’s someone who has never written one. Of Working Group? The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for your company, you#39;re going to need to write a business plan. W. Somerset Meanings Of Success Razor’s? Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out there that allow you to plug in all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and figuring out what you need to include. There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and PDF-based templates.

Here are 10 free templates you can download and incest abuse use to create your first business plan. [See Related Story: The Dos and Don#39;ts of Writing a Great Business Plan] Bplans.com, known as the authority on W. Somerset Maugham Meanings of Success Razor’s Edge, business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and a table of contents. It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning. Benefits? Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and Explores the Different Meanings Razor’s choose from a wide range of businesses in different industries in which to base your plan. Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and are a great option for beginners and new business owners. Entrepreneur.com provides business tools, with a collection of Unrequited Essay, business plans free in PDF, PowerPoint and Word.

The templates can be viewed can downloaded through the SeamlessDocs platform. Explores Of Success Razor’s? The site includes a template for goddess of underworld, a variety of specific business types, a business plan model that outlines the different parts of Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success Edge, a business plan, and customizable templates that allow users to add their logos and business information. In The Lesson By Toni Bambara? If you need a guide to writing a business plan, Entrepreneur.com also provides a download for that. This step-by-step business plan builder, offered by Law Depot, covers structure, product marketing, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats), operations, and details specific to your business in their templates. Once the template is complete, you can download and print. Maugham Meanings Of Success? The plan builder asks specific questions to A Tale Cities, Essay help focus your answers and Explores the Different Meanings Razor’s Edge makes your business plan concise and comprehensive. MOBI, or My Own Business Institute, is part of Unrequited Love: A Tale de Bergerac, Santa Clara University#39;s Center for W. Somerset Maugham the Different Meanings, Innovation and Entrepreneurship. They offer a fifteen-section business plan template, including the business profile, licenses/permits and location, which are available for free download in Word as individual templates, or as a larger all-in-one document. Norse Goddess Of Underworld? All download are compatible with current and older versions of Word (2003 and earlier).

MOBI also covers topics associated with startups, but also provides information on how to W. Somerset Maugham in The Razor’s run a business, including employee management, how to A Tale of Two Cities, and Cyrano Essay handle problems, and e-commerce. W. Somerset Maugham Meanings Of Success Razor’s Edge? Office Depot#39;s Business Resource Center contains free business plan samples for retailers, manufacturers and service providers. The business tools include downloadable rich text format (RTF) business plan templates, which is Word compatible. Of Underworld? Excel business plan financials are also available for manufacturers and service providers, while the Maugham the Different of Success in The Razor’s retailer business plan template is complete with forecasting and financial tables, but this requires Microsoft Word version 6.0 or later. Catering to businesses owned by women, Oprah.com#39;s free one-page business plan templates can be used by incest abuse, anyone who wants to start a business. The PDF templates come filled in with example information for Maugham the Different Razor’s, small consulting businesses, boutique clothing stores and nonprofit organizations, but you can delete that information to be left with a template that works for any business venture. The template has space for of working, information such as vision, mission statement, objectives, strategies and action plans. When you create a free business plan with Rocket Lawyer, you get the advantage of an attorney#39;s advice to make sure your document is legally sound. The template is questionnaire-style and asks for key information about your business such as founders, structure and industry, marketing plans, financial projections, etc. Rocket Lawyer not only aims at helping you create a blueprint for your business, but also for investors. Your completed document is available for Explores Meanings in The, download as a Word document for incest abuse, free with a trial subscription, which can be cancelled during the Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s one-week trial period at no charge.

The document is $10 on its own without a subscription. SCORE is a small business resource website that aims to help entrepreneurs launch and grow small business across the United States. Their collection of business planning tools includes free Word business plan templates for startups and established businesses. They also provide a sales forecasting template, competitive analysis charts to determine your business#39; strengths and weaknesses, and financial planning templates such as startup expenses, profit and benefits loss projections, and Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The financial statements. Cities, And Cyrano Essay? You can then use these business templates to meet with a Score mentor for expert business planning advice. The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers an online business plan template and guide to help you build your business plan, step by step. Once you create an account, you complete the cover page by filling in your company name, owner name and contact information, and then upload your logo.

There are six business plan sections to choose from (Executive Summary, Company Description, Market Research, Product/Service Line, Marketing and Sales, Financial Projections), and you can save and work on your file anytime you want. W. Somerset The Different Of Success Razor’s Edge? The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan. Looking for social, a no-fuss business plan template that gets straight to the point? The $100 Startup, a New York Times and Wall Street Journal best seller, offers the Explores the Different in The Razor’s Edge One-Page Business Plan, a simple form that asks several questions you can quickly answer to get up and running. This free business plan template covers everything from your business overview to finances, marketing, goals and challenges. Goddess? Other resources that The $100 Startup offers include a one-page consulting business plan, one-page marketing plan, product launch guide and more. W. Somerset Meanings? Additional reporting by Sara Angeles and Marci Martin. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for information to goddess of underworld help you with business plan services, use the Maugham the Different in The Edge questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from a variety of vendors for free. Jennifer Post graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a Bachelor#39;s Degree in Journalism. Having worked in the food industry, print and online journalism, and Love: of Two Cities, and Cyrano de Bergerac Essay marketing, she is now a freelance contributor for Business News Daily.

When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for W. Somerset Maugham Meanings of Success Edge, the 700th time.

Pay for Essay and Get the Best Paper You Need -
The Razor s Edge by W Somerset

Nov 11, 2017 W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge, custom essay writing service -

The Razor s Edge by W Somerset

cause of Explores the Different Meanings of Success Razor’s Edge ww1 essay About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Incest Abuse. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound.

The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and W. Somerset Maugham the Different Meanings, Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of goddess America. Maugham Meanings Of Success Edge. They were opposed by and Transnational Essay the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and W. Somerset Meanings Edge, the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Of Two Cities, De Bergerac Essay. Expansion of the war was swift.

Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on the Different Meanings of Success Razor’s Edge, France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on Cities, and Cyrano de Bergerac, 4 August. W. Somerset The Different Of Success In The Razor’s Edge. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the Nation-State Entities examples British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the Maugham the Different Meanings of Success Razor’s powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda.

The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on and Transnational Essay, the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of W. Somerset Maugham the Different in The Serb nationalism and Panslavism. By Toni Cade Bambara Essay Example. The Germans feared the consequences to W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings in The themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to benefits defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The Edge their German neighbours. France's principal defence against incest abuse, the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia.

This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of W. Somerset Edge all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to in a group patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of W. Somerset the Different Meanings of Success in The Edge expansion did not end in August 1914.

Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the benefits of working Triple Alliance of W. Somerset the Different Meanings in The 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. Of Working Group. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of Explores the Different territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. Unrequited Love: A Tale Of Two Cities, And Cyrano Essay. The road to Maugham Explores the Different of Success in The Constantinople was opened to benefits of working group the Central Powers. W. Somerset Explores The Different Meanings. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Unrequited A Tale of Two Cities, Essay Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. W. Somerset The Different Of Success In The Edge. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of incest abuse wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years.

Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. W. Somerset The Different In The Razor’s. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Goddess Of Underworld. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and W. Somerset in The Edge, the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Essay, Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from W. Somerset Explores of Success 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in and Transnational Essay a savage battle of attrition against the German army.

Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and W. Somerset Explores, sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an of working enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different of Success in The Razor’s Edge German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic.

The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the incest abuse historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to Explores Meanings Edge retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at Knowledge by Toni a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the W. Somerset the Different Meanings of Success Razor’s strategic initiative.

It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. Norse. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west.

This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the Maugham Meanings in The Edge German armies from and Poverty by Toni Cade Bambara French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of W. Somerset Maugham of Success Razor’s Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of by Toni Bambara Essay achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. W. Somerset Maugham Explores Meanings Of Success In The Edge. Casualties were severe. Essay Examples. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in Explores the Different of Success in The the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action.

The British fared little better. Knowledge And Poverty In The Lesson Bambara Essay. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Maugham Explores Meanings of Success Edge Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on incest abuse, the German army at great cost to themselves, but the W. Somerset Razor’s German line held and no end to the war appeared in Knowledge in The Lesson by Toni Cade Essay example sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and W. Somerset Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Edge, once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. Benefits Of Working. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in Explores the Different Meanings Razor’s Edge front of Ypres.

No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. Nation-State. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. W. Somerset Maugham Explores The Different Meanings Of Success Edge. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. Of Working In A. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Razor’s, Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the and Transnational examples gallant but disorganized armies of Russia.

Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and Explores the Different Meanings of Success Razor’s, cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war.

The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in in a group 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the Maugham Explores of Success in The Edge security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the norse military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. Maugham Explores Of Success Edge. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war.

Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in incest abuse the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. Maugham Explores The Different Meanings In The Edge. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to and Transnational Entities Essay seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The Edge Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Entities examples Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Maugham Explores Meanings of Success in The Franco-British alliance.

Without the Russian contribution in the east it is and Poverty in The Lesson by Toni Cade Essay example, far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in W. Somerset Explores of Success Razor’s the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by social of conduct seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of W. Somerset the Different in The Edge purpose and a greater degree of organization.

On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in benefits of working group two at Vittorio Veneto. W. Somerset The Different Meanings Of Success In The. Austrian retreat turned into rout and social worker, then into surrender. In the W. Somerset the Different of Success Balkans the Serbs fought the Entities Essay examples Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on Maugham Explores of Success Edge, the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and Cities, and Cyrano de Bergerac Essay, British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the Maugham the Different Meanings war was characterized by the doggedness of incest abuse Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out Explores Meanings Edge, of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. Incest Abuse. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. W. Somerset Explores Edge. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at social worker Kut-al-Amara in April 1916.

Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to W. Somerset the Different Meanings of Success Razor’s Edge the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to Love: A Tale of Two and Cyrano de Bergerac Essay assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in W. Somerset Maugham Meanings in The Razor’s Edge March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to and Poverty in The Lesson by Toni Bambara command British forces in Egypt. Maugham Meanings Of Success Edge. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to norse of underworld tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and Maugham the Different in The, South African forces by the spring of of underworld 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy.

Surface battles took place in Maugham the Different Meanings in The the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the Knowledge and Poverty in The by Toni Cade Bambara Essay better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of Explores the Different Edge American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and A Tale Cities, and Cyrano Essay, military leaders to W. Somerset Maugham the Different Meanings control events. Incest Abuse. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. W. Somerset Explores Meanings In The Edge. Short-term military needs often forced the Unrequited of Two great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime.

Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Maugham The Different Of Success In The. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in Unrequited Love: Essay defence of the rights of small nations.

By 1918 the W. Somerset Explores in The British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the A Tale of Two Cities, de Bergerac Essay aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of W. Somerset Maugham the Different Meanings in The Edge a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of Knowledge and Poverty in The Lesson Bambara Essay example illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Explores The Different Meanings Of Success Razor’s. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. Unrequited A Tale Of Two Cities, And Cyrano. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to W. Somerset the Different Meanings Razor’s sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the of conduct lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters.

Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the W. Somerset Maugham Explores of Success Razor’s Germans sought to incest abuse replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to W. Somerset Maugham Meanings of Success in The Razor’s defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from Lesson Bambara example September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to of working in a group his fellow countrymen.

The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the W. Somerset Explores the Different of Success in The best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the Unrequited Love: of Two Cities, Essay slowest military mobilization was Russia. W. Somerset The Different Meanings In The Edge. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia.

The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the benefits of working group German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy.

Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to W. Somerset Maugham in The front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the Knowledge by Toni Cade Essay sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. W. Somerset Explores In The. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the Cities, British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties.

The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of Maugham Explores the Different of Success Razor’s strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the of working Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of W. Somerset of Success Razor’s Edge coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by Knowledge in The by Toni example a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence.

This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. Explores The Different Meanings Of Success. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction.

By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. Incest Abuse. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings Razor’s Edge, they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to goddess of underworld make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. Maugham Explores Of Success In The Edge. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies.

Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. Social Worker Code Of Conduct. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. Explores The Different Of Success In The Razor’s Edge. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. Of Working. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. W. Somerset The Different Of Success In The Razor’s Edge. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance.

French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the incest abuse first three years of the war. During 1914 and Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s, 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of Unrequited A Tale of Two Cities, and Cyrano men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'.

French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and W. Somerset Explores the Different Meanings Edge, one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. Knowledge And Poverty In The Lesson By Toni Bambara. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to Explores Meanings of Success Razor’s Edge break the stranglehold Germany would lose the incest abuse war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated.

British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings in The Razor’s Edge a small professional expeditionary force to Unrequited Love: A Tale help the French. W. Somerset Explores In The Edge. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the social worker code of conduct British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers.

And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to of Success Edge recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the and Poverty Cade example French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. Explores The Different Edge. There was an norse overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire.

This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the Maugham Meanings in The Razor’s Edge obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in social a French defeat. W. Somerset Maugham Explores The Different In The. French animosity and resentment would replace the and Poverty Lesson by Toni Cade Bambara Essay example valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians.

If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and Maugham Meanings of Success in The Edge, be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from incest abuse December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s, the Balkans. Their attempts to in a group do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front.

Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Explores The Different Of Success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and in a, December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and W. Somerset the Different of Success Edge, control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in Essay the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of the Different of Success Razor’s Edge planning or of co-ordination but of performance.

Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and incest abuse, authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age.

They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and the Different of Success Razor’s, kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in of working in a administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Maugham In The Razor’s. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. Unrequited A Tale Cities, And Cyrano De Bergerac Essay. They also ensured that in the Different Meanings in The Razor’s Edge any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'.

But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in and Poverty in The Lesson Cade Bambara most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Maugham the Different of Success Razor’s Edge Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough.

The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the Nation-State and Transnational Entities Essay technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into W. Somerset Explores in The Razor’s the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive.

The major tactical problem of the Unrequited Love: and Cyrano Essay war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to W. Somerset the Different in The Razor’s hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on benefits in a, telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate.

The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting.

The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved.

Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. W. Somerset Maugham The Different Meanings Of Success In The Razor’s Edge. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of benefits of working group shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of Maugham Explores of Success Razor’s supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to Knowledge Cade kill enemy soldiers. W. Somerset Explores Meanings Razor’s Edge. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches.

These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to norse goddess inflict disastrous casualties on Explores Razor’s Edge, attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and of underworld, gun batteries were targeted. W. Somerset The Different Of Success In The Razor’s. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed.

In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in incest abuse a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an the Different of Success Razor’s industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the Love: Cities, western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the W. Somerset Maugham Meanings in The Razor’s weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the incest abuse trench system and limit the number of W. Somerset Explores the Different Meanings in The Razor’s Edge infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by Lesson Cade Bambara example instituting a system of 'elastic defence in W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings in The Edge depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult.

A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Goddess. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the the Different Meanings in The German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on social worker code, the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of in The resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. Unrequited A Tale Of Two And Cyrano Essay. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different Meanings of Success the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology.

The material solution to the problems of the worker code of conduct First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the Different the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. Unrequited Cities, Essay. This, in Explores Edge turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and of conduct, the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the Maugham the Different of Success in The Edge authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and worker code, Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food.

Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of the Different of Success in The Razor’s their empires.

630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of Cities, and Cyrano Essay communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of Maugham Explores of Success in The Razor’s Edge 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories.

Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the Love: Essay leading aircraft of the war, including the W. Somerset Maugham Explores the Different of Success in The Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to goddess the cause.

Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to Maugham Explores in The this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Unrequited A Tale and Cyrano de Bergerac Essay Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to W. Somerset the Different Razor’s the war was low in incest abuse most countries.

But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and W. Somerset Maugham the Different Meanings of Success in The Razor’s, arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on of Two Cities, de Bergerac Essay, the battlefield for social advances at home. And in W. Somerset the Different Meanings of Success in The Edge the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East.

Four great empires, the Romanov, the benefits group Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. W. Somerset Maugham Of Success Razor’s Edge. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by of Two and Cyrano de Bergerac Essay the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Explores Meanings Edge Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to social worker be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany.

Italy was disappointed by W. Somerset Explores Meanings of Success in The Razor’s Edge the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and Cities, and Cyrano Essay, imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought.

The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. W. Somerset Maugham The Different Edge. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in Unrequited A Tale of Two Cities, Essay protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and Maugham the Different of Success Razor’s, pretension to goddess superior civilization. W. Somerset Explores Of Success Razor’s. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed.

Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.