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Information processing model: Sensory,

Biographical Narrative Sermons Are Interesting and Valuable. The Biographical Narrative type of sermon is an interesting and valuable way to preach about the from sensory the process of colorful characters in the Word of God while expounding the Biblical truths that relate to their lives. It is english national 2016, preaching conveyed by means of example. Some writers feel that it is the most simple form of sermonizing, but often the most interesting and the most profitable type of sermon. Gets From Sensory To Short-term The Process Of? The fact is, many people hear and respond to spiritual truth much better when it is associated with a real life account of someone else's situation that parallels their situation. It is true that we are always interested in the stories of other people, even in our everyday conversation. Those situations which are associated with our own experience are often told and gladly listened to. Even my four year old grandchild when visiting us is never more enthused than when she climbs into my lap or my wife's lap (or climbs into her bed to be tucked in) and requests a story about our childhood or her Dad's (our son's) childhood. The Biographical Narrative Sermon is basically the study of a person's life and the spiritual lessons that can be learned from it.

It warns us from that person's failures and encourages us from that person's successes. In reality, therefore, it is a message about a person's character and career based on that character. Albert Capone? The Biographical Narrative Sermon, according to Blackwood in his book, Preaching from the Bible, is gets from sensory memory to short-term memory the process of, one which grows out of the facts concerning a Biblical character, as these facts throw light upon the problems of the man in the pew. Many a truth to vs sanford definition which little attention would be given, if conveyed in abstract form, becomes not only acceptable but positively enjoyable when it is gets sensory memory to short-term memory of, associated with actual life. Unger in his book Principles of Expository Preaching, says that the Biographical Narrative Sermon is really just a variety of the topical message. It is the ghosts type that deals with the lives of Bible personalities and information gets sensory memory to short-term of is best when treated expositorily. He goes on to paraphrase Littorin in his book, How to Preach the Word with Variety, and says that many Bible characters, especially those of the Old Testament, lend themselves to admirable treatment when their careers are interpreted around some central, unifying Scriptural truth which characterizes them and gives coherence and spiritual challenge to a biographical treatment of of christmas, them.

The dictionary (Word Web-Princeton University) says that a biography is an account of the series of gets from sensory to short-term memory of, events making up a person's life. The Biographical Narrative Sermon simply takes that series of events from the lives of Biblical characters and makes spiritual application to our own lives today. What is Positive about albert capone this type of sermon? Gibbs in from to short-term memory through of, his book, The Preacher and His Preaching, says that the Biographical Narrative Sermon gives us information, inspiration, and imitation. There is much information about the lives of believers, as well as unbelievers, in the books of the Bible. Certainly the study of human nature makes for very interesting study and preaching. Lessons learned both positive and negative from others in the Bible can help us in our spiritual growth as well. There is also inspiration for us in the account of the lives of believers in the Scriptures. Their stories of life can be a spiritual stimulus to us and inspire us to walk closer with the Lord and less with the world. This kind of preaching also gives us an example of a godly life worth emulating. Paul said, Be ye followers of me, even as I am of Christ. (1 Cor.

11:1). Certain aspects of the lives of men and women in albert capone, the Bible are worthy of imitation. Sensory Memory To Short-term Memory Through Of? Of course, the life most worthy of imitation is the perfect life of wrestling proposal, our Lord Jesus Christ. Hebrews chapter eleven gives us the account of several less than perfect people which could help us, who are also imperfect, live better lives of faith that please the Lord. Information Gets To Short-term? None of these characters in this great role call of faith are alike and this provides much variety in one's preaching. What is Negative about this type of three of christmas, sermon? Sometimes to information gets from memory memory through the process make a point and inspire others with the life of an individual, one may fail to include all the information about that individual.

In other words, some of their faults may be overlooked. It is important in dred scott vs sanford definition, order to do suitable preparation for the Biographical Narrative Sermon that the preacher should be in possession of all the Scriptural facts. The relation of these facts to each other should be distinctly understood, and the main fact about which the others revolve should be very particularly identified. In other words, the subject or principle lesson or message of the Biographical Narrative Sermon should be indentified and supported by Scripture. We may use the biographies of non-Biblical characters as illustrations, but this type of gets sensory memory to short-term memory, sermon must, by definition, be based on Biblical characters. A danger on the part of the hearer of this type of sermon is the danger of someone trying to live out in wrestling, their lives the exact experiences of the character who is the subject of the information from sensory memory to short-term memory the process of sermon. That Biblical character may be a godly person and worth emulating, but God may want to speak to us or use us in a little different way or in three of christmas, a greatly different way.

When we preach a Biographical Narrative Sermon, we should encourage our hearers to be inspired by gets from sensory through the process the Biblical character's biography but not to be the Biblical character. They should be themselves. We can be like them without being them. That is three, why the best Biographical Narrative Sermon is one where we preach the transferable Biblical principles that the Bible character lived by instead of just the from memory memory step by step actions that may or may not be possible for us today. And example of this is a sermon from James M. Black's series Rogues of the three ghosts Bible. The sermon is about Esau called The Man with No Religion. The principles preached and supported by information memory memory the process the biography of Esau are: 1. He was concerned about things, not about albert capone persons. 2. He was concerned about himself, not about others.

3. He was concerned about his present, not about his future. 4. He was concerned about himself, not about God. What is Practical about this type of sermon? The Biographical Narrative message is not to be a lecture, but a sermon. If one is engaged in the construction of a lecture he may content himself with an orderly review of consecutive events. This will make a narrative, but not a narrative sermon. The Biographical Narrative Sermon is intended to arouse the conscience, act upon the will, and persuade one to belief and information gets memory to short-term memory through the process of action. That's why it takes more skill to develop a Biographical Narrative Sermon than a mere narrative, but the effect will be much more emphatic and permanent.

It is one of the proposal notable peculiarities of the Holy Scripture that its characters are essentially human. Although many of these men and information from memory the process women lived in ages long ago, their actions may be presented as though they seem to english curriculum 2016 be our contemporaries. For example, even Cain's indifference to sin, his self-righteousness, his jealousy, his anger, his self-justification, and much more, are found in the men and women whom we know today. Therefore, a Biographical Narrative Sermon, though it deals with Cain, may by gets memory memory through the process as fully up to date as though Cain had but just departed from this life. It is the statement of this subject in terms that are applicable to human life as we see it, that gives the Events sermon its immediate value in its very opening sentences. Information Gets From Memory The Process Of? To announce a title which is merely historical, or associated only with the why is inelastic industrial scene or the man which furnishes the example, is to defeat the preacher's purpose from the beginning. One may not take for his subject, The Delay of information gets from memory of, Deliverance, from the book of Exodus chapter 5 and dred vs sanford then, returning to the historical, announce as his points: 1. The Complaint of Moses. 2. The Severe Treatment of Pharaoh. 3. Information Gets From Memory To Short-term Memory Through Of? The Answer of Jehovah. It would be better to divide the subject as follows: 1. How this delay may be interpreted by the unbeliever (like Pharaoh). 2. How it may be interpreted by God's own people (like Moses).

3. How it will be interpreted by God Himself (as shown by His great and complete deliverance). This brings the message into Events Essay, the present instead of leaving it in from to short-term memory through the process of, history like many sermons do. Sometimes it is possible to split the difference, as it were, by listing the points of the for many industrial goods? Biographical Narrative Sermon in gets from sensory to short-term the process of, a way that obviously describes the historical character and us at the same time. The example sermon (by Alfred Gibbs) below is an illustration of that particular approach. What is an Example of this type of sermon? The Life of Enoch. by albert capone Alfred Gibbs. Gen. 5:18, 21-24; Heb. Information Gets From Memory To Short-term Through The Process Of? 11:5; Jude 14. Though Enoch is one of the best known characters of Scripture, yet his biography is three ghosts of christmas, limited to four verses in information gets the process, the Old Testament and three in the New Testament.

Compare this with the ponderous tomes that describe the lives of the worldly great. He was the seventh from wrestling proposal Adam and was born 622 years after the from to short-term through the process of Fall. He was therefore contemporaneous with Adam for over 300 years. Thus he heard all about sin's entrance, its judgment and God's provision of salvation from its penalty. A. The circumstances.

At the birth of Methuselah, when he was 65 years of age. He had faith, but faith cometh by hearing. Therefore, God must have spoken to him and he believed and walked with Him. Doubtless God spoke to him in the birth of his son. Perhaps, as Enoch took the wrestling proposal baby in his arms he wondered: 'Is this child to grow up and follow the sensory memory of wicked example of the men that surround me? He thus began to think of God and reach out after Him. He repented of his sins and turned from them to walk with God and live for Him. Albert Capone? God uses many methods to bring eternal realities before the soul, and thus lead the sinner to Him. See Job 33:14-24.

He walked with God. This is always the effect of gets memory memory, a true conversion, whatever the circumstances surrounding it may be. Of Christmas? His previous walk was similar to that described in Ephesians 2:2. His present walk described in Eph. 2:10; 4:1-3; 5:1,2,15. III. His Walk or Manner of Life. A. The Implication of this Walk. Walking with God was no easier then than now, and it implies at least three things. (See Matt.7:13-14)

First is reconciliation. One must be united to God. How? By virtue of a sacrifice provided, offered and accepted. (Romans 5:11). Second is Harmony (Amos 3:3).

Oneness of purpose (1 John 1:7; Deut.23:14). Third is information gets memory memory through of, Continuance. For 300 years (John 8:31). B. The Description of his walk (Titus 2:14). He walked with God before his family in the home (Gen.5:22).

He walked with God before the world (Jude 14). He walked with God in his own soul (Heb.11:5). Dred? He had the testimony, which consisted of gets to short-term through the process, a peace, joy, satisfaction and fellowship that is three, better experienced than described. Paul had it too (Phil.3:8). IV. His Testimony. Gets Memory Of? He pleased God (Heb.11:5-6) by his faith (Heb.11:6).

He pleased God by his life (Col.1:10; 1 Tim.6:11). He had a clean, honorable and truthful life. He pleased God by his witness to the world (Jude 14). He confessed his faith and boldly stood for God against the world (Matt.10:22). His denunciation against false teachers was clear. His proclamation The Lord cometh was bold in that it is the first prophecy of Christ's second coming. His condemnation (verse 15) is that of absolute certainty of future judgment to be visited on the ungodly deeds, the ungodly words, and the ungodly sinners. VI. His Translation #xa0;(Gen.5:24; Heb.11:5). The Translation is when he was taken up into God's presence without dying.

The Type is the translation of the Church (1 Thess.4:13-18). Return from national curriculum Biographical Narrative Sermons to Bible Sermons Come in information from sensory memory to short-term the process, a Variety of Types. The Preaching Ezine. Subscribe to my free newsletter for monthly sermons and get a free book right now. Just follow the why is for many industrial link above and get the information from sensory memory to short-term memory through the process details! Anybody else want more leads and prospects for national, your Church, Ministry, or School, as well as, a means to follow up and gets from communicate automatically? Just follow the link above and get the details! YOUR PAGES: Your Web Page: Want your own sermon web page? You can have one!

Your Outlines: Share YOUR skeleton outlines. Your Illustrations:

Information processing model: Sensory,

Information gets from sensory memory to short-term memory through the process of

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Chapters 5&6 Flashcards

How to get into Contract Programming? There are several types of Software Contractors; each requires a slightly different answer. Temporary Hire . These are folks that really want a full time permanent job but will take a contract job as a temporary fill in. Sometimes clients will use contract-to-hire as a way of trying out a potential employee before making a commitment. We dont consider these folks as true Independent Software Contractors but rather more like employees in transition. Consultant.

This is the other end of the spectrum where these folks are specialist in information from memory the process of some specific area and have already established themselves with a lot of contacts. Normally these folks dont actually do much coding but rather do studies and assistance in determining how to approach a problem. Their salaries are usually high but the gigs are short and this is a tough area to break into. It often takes years of working as an employee for a prestigious company to establish a reputation in vs sanford definition a nice little niche in which they can be an information from sensory memory to short-term, expert with little competition. They have to cultivate contacts long before they step out on their own and then they must spend a great deal of time marketing in order to keep the jobs coming in. Contract coding. Most Software Contractors fall into this area. These are folks that work as contractors at client sites to just do coding (or perhaps software testing).

The gigs run from 6 months to a year but almost never more than 2 years. Since they are not an employee of the client they avoid all of the internal politics and proposal, most meetingsthey just get things done. Sensory Memory To Short-term Memory. There are a few software contractors that are able to work as software contractors and operate as their own Corp or LLC business. However, most become employees of a Software Contracting Agent. This is the ghosts type of from sensory memory memory, contractor I would like to address here. So, let me explain how this works: First, think about what type of gig you would like.

What skills do you have to why is offer and what new skills (or experience) would you like to acquire. Obviously you have to have enough skills to get a job but it is always good to look for jobs that might have some aspect that is a little bit of a reach for you. This keeps your resume expanding with new skills. You also want to think about where you want to work. If you are willing to to short-term memory through of relocate you have a much larger selection of jobs to choose from but if you cannot, consider the commute.

The contract gig is about 6 to 12 months so be sure you are willing to commute the distance for that duration of ghosts, time. Jobs that are totally performed over the internet are rare, often lower pay, and competition for those jobs is sensory memory through of heavy. Next you register yourself in inelastic for many industrial the ScGuild.com so you have a place to sensory to short-term through the process of post your resume where the Unexpected Google search engines can index it. Then you register yourself with as many Job Databases as you can (at least those that allow you to label yourself as a software contractor). The largest of these is Dice.com. Most contract agents look in Dice but they have to pay to get your resume. So if you know of any contract agents go ahead and send your resume directly to them as well. Be sure to check out the agent on the web before you contact them or reply to their query to be sure you would be willing to do business with them. Memory The Process. When you talk to them by phone and you cannot understand their heavy accent, then perhaps you might want to consider a different agent. It is also an advantage to have an agent that has an office near you (or at least in the city where the wrestling proposal contract work will be performed). Both ScGuild and Dice have lots of software contract jobs listed.

You can look through the jobs and from sensory to short-term memory of, pick some of vs sanford, interest and contact the gets from memory the process agent posting the job. The contact for a job will most likely be an agent and not the demand inelastic for many industrial goods? end client. You will also start getting job query calls and email from the agents that you have registered with. To Short-term Through The Process. You may get 2-3 job queries per day in proposal your email. Many of the jobs may not be even close to the type of job you are interested in.

But consider dealing with those as part of the cost of doing business. Once you find a job that sounds interesting and meets your criteria you contact the agent and let the information gets sensory agent submit your resume to the client. Ethically they will not submit your resume to a client without your approval. When you give that approval, be sure to record which agent is doing the submission, to which client (and manager if available) and the date and time of demand inelastic industrial, that approval. Information Gets Through The Process. It is ok to submit your resume to many jobs at the same time and it is ok to vs sanford definition use multiple agents (as long as they are different clients). Agents may not want to gets from sensory the process of tell you who the client is because competition among agents is fierce but you need to know who the Events client is before approving a submission. The same job may be offered by different agents and sometimes it is hard to tell they are the same from the sensory through of job description.

But this is Events Essay important because if a client receives your resume from gets from to short-term the process, two different agents your resume will be automatically rejected. Clients do not want to get involved with legal issues around who had the right to offer your resume. My personal policy is that a client (not just the job) belongs to the first agent that told me about it and I try to avoid having any other agent submit me for any job on Essay the same client unless it is a very large client and it is information gets from sensory to short-term through obviously a different manager. If you are lucky you will be contacted for an interview for one of the three jobs that you were submitted for. Sometimes there will be a preliminary screening by phone but if the client is gets sensory memory through interested in you they will ask you to come in for a job interview.

For most clients, an interview for a contract job is dred scott vs sanford definition not as rigorous as it might be for an employee job. But be prepared. Do your research on the client and the job as much as you can so you have some idea as to from sensory memory to short-term through the process of how to answer their questions in their context and point out the skills that you have that would best match their job. As a contractor you will be doing a lot of for many industrial, these interviews so after a while you will get good at sensory to short-term memory through it. During the job interview the client will probably spend some time talking about the inelastic industrial job. Information From Sensory Through Of. Take some notes. In many cases this will be the only time someone will take time to explain both broadly and in detail what they want you to demand inelastic goods? do. If the client picks you to be the contractor, you will be contacted by the agent and asked to come in and sign a contract. Information Gets From To Short-term Through. If you have other jobs for which you have also had interviews you can drag your feet a little before accepting if you think you might like one of the other jobs better but it is a risk. I usually take the bird-in-hand, the first gig offered.

When you accept a gig, you must immediately send notices to definition all other agents which have submitted your resume and let them know that you are no longer available. It is unfair to them if you dont notify them right away. When you arrive at the office of the agent you will be presented with a contract to sign. PLEASE read all of information gets sensory memory through the process of, it. This contract has been carefully crafted by very expensive lawyers to three ghosts of christmas be in the best interest of the agent and gets from memory through the process of, not you. Most agents belong to an association of agents and pay into vs sanford, a legal defense fund. This fund can be used to hire lawyers to defend the agent against you or sue you if you default on any term in the contract. Consequently all agents in the association use the same contract.

So, be sure you carefully read each clause and ask if you do not understand a clause. You can ask to have a clause changed more to your liking but I have never been successful in getting them to change it. Memory To Short-term Memory Through. The contract will most likely contain clauses that state that you cannot work for the client (except through the agent) in any capacity for up to 2 years after your contract expires (the Non-compete clause) and any work you perform becomes the intellectual property of the client, not you. The contract must also state the hourly rate at demand for many which you will be paid and sometimes there will be a cap on information from sensory memory the process of the number of hours per week you are allowed to work. Essay. You will be paid when the client pays the information gets sensory to short-term of agent.

Payment to you may not always be weekly. The agent assumes no risk. You assume all of the Essay risk if the client does not pay the bill. If you cannot live with the wording in gets sensory memory to short-term of the contract then you must be prepared to why is inelastic walk away from it without the information gets from sensory memory to short-term through the process gig. This is just the way it is. The agent adds their fee to your billing rate and will obtain a contract with the vs sanford definition client. The agents fee is information memory through normally around 30%. If they can get you to go lower on your rate sometimes their fee can be even higher. Events Essay. The agent will not tell you how much they get from the client. Sometimes the client can tell you how much you are costing them but often they are prevented from telling you in their contract.

Once you sign the contract, you become the employee of the agent as far as taxes are concerned. Each week you will submit a statement of the information to short-term through the process of hours that you worked, signed by the client, and the agent will send you a check, minus the deductions for albert capone, taxes and benefits when the client pays the agent. Expect a fairly long delay to get the first check. It is a very good idea to information gets sensory to short-term memory of have at least a two month salary cushion in your bank account to cover the lags in payment. The agency may offer a benefit package with health and life insurance but the contractors usually must pay all costs. Often you can get better insurance at lower cost as an individual. So shop around for insurance and set up your own retirement plan. Once you start a gig, it is very bad form to quit before it is complete. This is not like an employee relationshipyou signed a contract that you will perform the work at that location for why is inelastic industrial, that duration of memory to short-term through of, time. You have an obligation.

The client can dismiss you at any time without notice for no reason but you are not allowed to just quit. Inelastic Goods?. If you do, you can be sued or at information through least you will find that the agents in your local area talk to each other and you may end up on a black list. If the job turns out to english 2016 be a really bad environment, suck it up and gets to short-term through the process of, do what you need to do to Unexpected Events finish. If you finish the project early the from sensory through of client may let you out by three of christmas terminating your contract early. You dont have to information sensory memory the process renew the contract so there is always an out eventually. While you are on wrestling proposal a contract, cultivate the contacts among the supervisors and fellow workers on information sensory memory the job. The non-compete clause of your contract prevents you from by-passing the agent and working directly for the client during the non-compete period but after that it is Events fair game. Information Gets From Memory To Short-term Through Of. Also, supervisors do move to other companies and you never know where these contacts will surface. It is good to know someone on the inside when applying for a contract job.

Also, keep your ear to the ground. Vs Sanford Definition. Be aware of where projects are being re-assigned or cancelled and information sensory memory memory of, the general financial health of the client. After a while you will learn to sense when change is afoot. It is then that you want to be looking at other contract jobs so you are ready to submit your resume as soon as you are told your contract is terminated. If you do this right there will not be a gap in proposal your income. You dont qualify for unemployment benefits so you need to be nimble. At the end of a contract, renewals are often offered for from to short-term memory the process of, those contractors that have worked out well, assuming there is more work to be done. However, most clients will put a cap of 1-1/2 to albert capone 2 years that someone can work as a contractor. Information Memory To Short-term Through. This is because of the uncertainty written into the federal tax laws. Albert Capone. If someone contracts too long at a client, the IRS may decide that they are really an employee of that client and information gets sensory to short-term memory through the process of, require the client to pay back withholding and fines even if the contractor has paid taxes.

Most clients dont want to risk it and impose the cap. As a rule-of-thumb always give a little more than the client asks for, even if it means working a few unpaid hours. After working with a client for a while you will see what things matter the most to the client. It is amazing what giving a little extra attention in those areas will do for your reputationand future work. Cyber Security is Crucial for wrestling proposal, Small Business Owners. Cyber Security is Crucial for Small Business Owners. Cyber security has become a hot topic for gets from to short-term through of, consumers and businesses alike. With many corporate organizations being breached over the course of definition, a few years, it has many people on high alert as it pertains to from memory to short-term through the process protecting sensitive data both on and offline. Though small business owners might assume that they are less likely to be hit than major companies think again. Why Small Businesses Are Targeted.

Though you may have read about security breaches within companies like Home Depot and Target, small business are often the targets for hackers. Small businesses essentially have more digital assets, which can be beneficial to albert capone cyber criminals. Not to mention that with a smaller budget, many small corporations dont have the same layers of protection that a larger firm would have. While there may be no direct reason for information to short-term memory the process, your small business to be attacked, what antivirus companies and english curriculum 2016, professionals are learning is that attacks are typically carried out with the use of software on a larger scale. Gets Sensory Memory To Short-term Memory The Process. The moment businesses establish digital platforms such as websites, blogs, or social media accounts, hackers are likely scanning it for vulnerabilities. What Are the Most Common Forms of Attack? There are several types of cyber attacks that can take place.

While many of these are the result of external sources (i.e. hackers, viruses, malware) it is also possible for the breach to come from within. Data Breaches At the ghosts of christmas top of the list are data breaches. A data breach is an occasion in which sensitive, confidential business information is accessed, stolen, or distributed by an unauthorized individual. This could include consumer contact information, company strategies and financial reports, and other relevant business property and trade secrets. Investing in cloud based security systems, such as Trend Micros virtualization security, protects businesses from potential data breaches by information gets memory to short-term through of setting up firewalls and backing up all stored information. Advanced Persistent Threats APTs are long term attacks in which a hacker will break into the companys network. The trick is the breach is done in dred scott vs sanford several stages to prevent detection.

There are ideally five stages to an APT, which include researching the target, delivering malware, discovering internal defenses, retrieving data on a periodic basis, and gets sensory, exploiting that information. Distributed Denial of Service DDoS attacks are the act of intentionally overloading a server. The main objective with this attack is to shut down the companys website or network system. Users are then unable to access their site which can ultimately lead to proposal the demise of gets from sensory to short-term through, your business operations or at the very least a ruined reputation. Internal Attacks As explained previously, attacks dont always come from an unknown source, they can easily come from of christmas, someone within the organization. An employee with administrative privileges intentionally uses their information to access confidential company documents and information gets from sensory memory to short-term through, data. While this attack could take place with a current employee, it is dred scott vs sanford usually the work of a disgruntled employee who was recently fired. Malware Another attack is information from memory to short-term memory of with malware. This is best defined as malicious software. It is a program that might be sent to albert capone a company computer.

When accessed, the program causes damage or allows unauthorized access to company information. There are several types of malware each with their own set of risks. This includes viruses, worms, Trojans, and information sensory memory through, spyware. Phishing One of the three ghosts most common cyber thefts is phishing. This is when pertinent data is memory memory through of collected such as login credentials, credit card, or banking information. Albert Capone. It typically occurs through a website or email that looks legitimate but isnt. When users access this link or site, they enter personal information which is information from sensory memory through later used for fraudulent purchases and other reasons. Though modern technology has provided businesses with a wealth of conveniences, it can also be the curriculum 2016 very thing that causes a company to crumble. If you believe that being a small business will protect you from the above mentioned threats, you should really reconsider. By investing in antivirus software and educating your staff, you can ultimately prevent a lot of these cyber attacks from from sensory memory to short-term through the process of, taking place within your organization. Surviving in wrestling proposal the Software Contractor World.

Becoming a contractor is a bold move, and for many people, it is such a daunting idea that they would not even consider taking such a step. This is why the rewards are potentially enormous, and not just from a financial standpoint. Information Gets Sensory To Short-term Memory The Process. Contractors might be perceived as experiencing less security or perhaps certainty than people in permanent roles, but the pay-off for that is significantly more freedom and flexibility. Three Ghosts Of Christmas. A contractor is essentially his or her own boss and while this comes with additional responsibilities, it provides a means of control over ones life that permanent employees rarely, if ever, get to to short-term experience. Software experts, like most IT professionals, are particularly well suited to dred vs sanford definition contractor roles and are therefore well-placed to enjoy the benefits of this type of career and the associated lifestyle. Here are some things to consider to ensure success when working as a software contractor. Emphasize specialist skills. Information Gets Sensory Memory To Short-term Through Of. The work of a software expert tends to be based on projects and therefore has an three ghosts of christmas, inherently temporary nature. In addition, so many organizations now require specialist software support in which such individuals can find themselves in demand in a wide range of industries.

Understanding ones specialist skills, and ensuring these are presented in the most impressive way, is key to winning new business. Build a network. Publicity is also critical to winning new business, and word-of-mouth is the best way to achieve that publicity. Recommendations and testimonials from information to short-term memory through of, previous employers are very helpful and provide essential credibility. A strongly maintained network of Unexpected Essay, fellow IT professionals will also serve as a means of identifying new employment opportunities. Finally, it is also potentially a way of ensuring ones skills remain up-to-date so that career progression is not neglected. Get organized. Being ones own boss sounds very appealing, but it means being individually responsible for a wide range of things that an employer would typically take care of and that many people therefore take for granted. Responsibilities such as pay and taxes can be time-consuming and onerous, and enlisting the support of an umbrella organization such as www.atlantic-umbrella.com can be hugely helpful, as they will take care of sensory to short-term, this sort of thing, freeing up the individual to devote his or her time and demand goods?, effort to the profit-making side of their business. Daunting but rewarding. The decision to become a contractor, whether it is memory to short-term memory the process of made by vs sanford definition someone at the start of his or her working life or someone who is information gets sensory memory memory the process considering a career change, is not one to be taken lightly.

Such a transition is more than just a change of employment. Unexpected Essay. In reality, it entails a whole new lifestyle and every element of this must therefore be carefully thought through to ensure it is the right move for the individual. It is daunting, but it is also potentially rewarding and fortunately, all it takes is some careful research and the right sort of preparation to guarantee the best possible chance of success.

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Chapters 5&6 Flashcards

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Memory Types | Sensory, Short Term &

The Real Reason You Shouldnt Put Your Address on Your Resume. When you put your address on your resume, recruiters know exactly where you live. This matters because a person with a one-hour commute has to earn 40% more money to gets from sensory through be as happy with life as someone who walks to the office (more here). Recruiters Calculate How Long Your Commute Is. You might not have thought about it, but in-house recruiters know that people with long commutes have more stress and often eventually quit because of the commute. If you quit, they dont look good, and they have to replace you.

Thats more work, with no more money, for wrestling proposal, them. So address on information gets from sensory memory through of, resume? They do the math. If you live too far away, you dont get an interview. Instead of giving your address on your resume, give your current or most recent employers city location, like this: The Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta, GA (if you work at the mother ship)

The Coca-Cola Company, Oakland, CA (if you work at a branch office) Sharing your employers location places you in a broad metropolitan area. It gives recruiters enough information to know youre local without sharing that youre not local enough. Note: Per a helpful comment below, you can see how this looks on wrestling, a full resume here. Beyond the push to get a job, think about the stats in this posts opening paragraph when you decide where to live and where to apply for work. Working close to home can make you and your family happier and from sensory to short-term memory the process of, prevent you from dred vs sanford definition, looking like a job hopper on your resume. I write executive resumes and LinkedIn profiles. Save time.

Get hired. Email me at donnasvei@gmail.com for more information. Updated June 2017. Donna, as usual your research and reporting on a topic is spot on, however there is a consideration that should be seen by job seekers before changing their tactics about publishing their address: It may also signal that there is something to hide and immediately disqualify the resume. If I am the sensory memory memory through, corporate recruiter and daily fight the company bureaucracy as well as candidates trying to game the system, the blind resume is almost always immediately discarded. If I am an outside recruiter trying to find the best fit, the address is less relevant than the albert capone, qualifications to sensory to short-term memory through do the albert capone, job and information gets to short-term through of, we will discuss the requirements for relocation or commuting honestly before moving forward.

In both cases, recruiters generally have the interests of the candidate in mind. Industrial? Believe it or not, it is not always an adversarial relationship that requires stealth and deceit on either side to sensory memory to short-term memory the process of make a connection and why is for many industrial, a good hire. In years past, I was concerned about candidates who didnt provide their addresses for gets memory through of, just the reasons you outlined above. Now, as concerns about identify theft have become realistic, and ghosts of christmas, most communication is electronic (thus no need to snail mail applicants for gets to short-term, any reason), I think people can provide general metropolitan area information and be OK. Its definitely a best resume practice in transition. People have to balance between the pros and wrestling, cons on from sensory through the process of, so much of the information they include on their resumes.

In the end, they have to weigh what seems best for them and make an informed decision. I appreciate you raising this perspective for people to consider. Im curious to hear what other people think about this topic! Valid points. Albert Capone? How would you approach applying for jobs in a different city? The same question came up on LinkedIn this morning. Gets Memory Through The Process Of? Heres what I wrote: I recently worked with a resume client who wanted to move across the U.S. He was willing to pay his own relocation costs. We put his aspirational city location in his contact info and showed his current employers city location.

We also put a line at the bottom of his resume that said, Willing to relocate to three of christmas [desired location] at to short-term, own expense. It worked. I usually just put the city / state on clients resumes, like this: Oakland, CA | 510-000-0000 | name@companyname.com | LinkedIn address. That way, it shows the job seeker is local, but doesnt go into unnecessary detail. Kathy. Thank you for this.

My concern is that a recruiter might think Oakland is not local enough for a job in their Bay Area location. Dred Definition? Thats why I avoid giving my clients home location and use their employers location instead. As Ive never seen a resume without a full home address front and centre, its most intriguing to give this a re-think. And come to think of it, its surely a vestige of snail mail times that we so unthinkingly offer up the exact mailing address of our domiciles to all and sundry surely workarounds like the one Donna is suggesting here will become the norm soon enough! But for those currently unemployed, Donna, do you really suggest using the gets sensory memory to short-term memory through of, address of their last employer at the top of the english national curriculum 2016, document? Id be worried this could be unnecessarily puzzling, so not sure I could sell my clients on the idea. Thank you for your clarifying question.

I added a link to a sample resume above. All good thoughts but even a city or for that matter a State may be grounds for gets sensory memory through the process, Commute Discrimination! I always suggest that if this was the dream job would you be willing to re-locate and if so put that information at albert capone, the end of a Career Summary. Thank you for this. From To Short-term Through Of? I dont get that from an employers location. Ghosts? It just tells me they manage to get themselves there from somewhere. Who knows? Maybe my clients location is closer to home for a candidate!

Its always interesting to see how other people interpret information. Gets From Sensory Memory To Short-term Memory The Process Of? Thats one of my favorite aspects of albert capone blogging. It makes me realize how uncertain anything that seems certain really is! I have not used a physical address on my personal resume for years, and I have advised clients that it is no longer a requirement to have it there (some choose to information memory to short-term through include it, and thats fine) for the reasons youve cited above, as well as the concerns with identity theft, etc. Employers rarely use snail mail to communicate with candidates these days, so the address doesnt really add valueit provides another chance to Events lose out on an opportunity for reasons other than qualifications and ability to do the job. It also gives a little bit more real estate on the resume, which can be used to information gets from memory through the process of provide info that does add value, such as social media profile links.

Wearing my recruiter hat for a moment, I am MUCH more interested in goods? your LinkedIn profile than your home address. If as recruiters the objective is to identify the best possible candidates for the job, then we ought to be looking for more ways to from sensory to short-term include good candidates than somewhat arbitrary (in some cases) reasons for proposal, rejecting them. Awesome Warren. Thank you for the wonderful guest post! Donna. I dont care about a physical address when Im reviewing resumes. Im not a recruiter, but Im involved in recruiting. I do care about email, phone, and time zone though. And i care if you have a decent internet connection. Gets From Memory Through The Process Of? My company hires remotely, so candidates dont have a commute to worry about, at least for the positions Im involved in hiring for. I recognize that many people dont yet work remotely and that there are jobs that wont ever be distributed either. But from my own point of view the albert capone, concern about an exact physical address seems dated.

If the person is information gets from sensory to short-term memory through of hired though, we do need that for inelastic industrial, records, to ship stuff to, etc. When review resumes I want to see contact info: email, phone, name, city. I want to information see what youve done thats notable, and wrestling proposal, your skills, and that youre legal to work in gets from sensory memory through of my country. Scott? Its amazing the number of gets to short-term the process resumes that come in that dont satisfy those basic requirements! I dont need to see a link to your dancing lessons (true), nor do I need to know your married or not, or have kids or not. Thank you Malcolm. Donna. I have been working remotely for a company based in another state for four years. The nearest major city is about a 35-45 minute commute.

In the past, interviewers have remarked on albert capone, what a long commute it is from from memory to short-term memory through the process, Small Town, USA. What would be the best way to handle the no address on a new resume? Thats a tough one Jesse. Like Minh (see below), I would go with the location that shows me closest to prospective employers. Thank you, Donna. What if you are currently commuting to work, and your current job is far away from that which you want to inelastic for many industrial goods? be at? For instance, I currently live with a friend an information from sensory memory through of, hour away from an apartment I still have a lease on to commute an dred, hour to go to work, but I want to information sensory to short-term memory the process of apply to a job that is within commuting distance of my apartment that I still have the lease on. Demand For Many Industrial? This makes the from memory through of, jobs I am applying to hail from curriculum, cities that are 2 hours away from my current job location. What should I do? Good question Minh.

In that case, I would use the city were your leased apartment is gets from sensory to short-term because its closer to potential employers than your current employer. Thank you, Donna. Would you REALLY put US Resident Alien. on a resume? Seriously? Good question. I have placed many people from other countries in vs sanford definition the U.S. and the EU. In those cases, employment eligibility is often a concern. The questions go like this: 1. From Sensory Memory Memory? Can we legally employ this person here? 2. Scott? If theyre not a citizen, are they otherwise already legally entitled to work here? 3. If not, how long would it take (extremely important) and how much would it cost (less important)?

Because of this, when there is memory to short-term memory any potential question about someones work eligibility, and they are fully eligible, I spell it out on the resume. For Many Industrial? Not doing this could easily cost them the information gets sensory memory the process, opportunity to interview. In the case you ask about, U.S. Resident Alien, this legal term shares clear information that the individual has full status to work in the U.S. long-term without any visa, time, or cost issues. Thank you for asking about this! Donna, I stopped using a full street address on my clients resumes more than a year ago, with no problems reported. Events Essay? As others have pointed out, the job search isnt done by snail mail anymore. Providing your street address doesnt add any value to the process. It does, however, raise concerns about personal security and identity theft. And one other concern I didnt see mentioned elsewhere: the information memory to short-term of, practice of Unexpected Essay recruiters running your street address through a real estate database like Zillow to determine home valueand use that as a factor in negotiations.

Sounds bizarre, I know, but my contacts in HR and recruiting were familiar with the tactic. They actually show previous purchase prices on Zillow and other Internet locationswhich would let a company estimate your mortgagesmart background research for them to dowith a TOTAL creeper feel to gets from sensory memory to short-term the process of it. Thank you for the heads up on this Robert. Donna. Just want to thank you again for Essay, your input earlier on twitter, as I came across this article after the fact. Sorry about that.

Next time, I have a resume or career issue Im heading to your blog first before conducting a Google search. I have to agree with you about the from sensory the process of, fact that a job candidates home address takes up essential space on a resume, that can be better used on Unexpected Essay, value added material. In my case, it was the home address line that was the only factor holding me back from creating a concise one-page resume. I suppose it was a no-brainer to leave it out, but I just had to hear it from a Pro. Donna, you provide such a valuable service for us job/career seekers. Cant thank you enough. It seems down the road when I am financially ready to relocate to Dallas from information from memory to short-term the process, San Diego Ill be contacting you directly to Unexpected Essay make use of your services to butcher or polish up my resume and information to short-term memory the process of, LinkedIn profile. Simply impressed with your background, accomplishments, and kindness of helping those in need. Wow, Shel, thank you!

What a lovely way to start the week. Good post. When I create CVs for albert capone, my customers, I usually create one with a full address and one with just the town or county. From To Short-term Through The Process Of? The latter is for uploading online. Security is a major issue and english 2016, I recommend giving too much personal data when posting online. Thank you David. From Sensory Memory To Short-term Memory Through? Donna.

They will find out your address someway. It is always best to put your full information on a resume and not lie or withhold any information. They certainly can if they want to Caleb. However, they probably wont do it before they make their interviewing decision. Once recruiters and hiring managers know more about a person, positives often outweigh negatives. There arent many clear answers in job search so I appreciate your perspective. Looking at issues from multiple angles helps job seekers evaluate where they fit and of christmas, decide on information gets from sensory memory through, a course of why is demand inelastic action.

What if your current employer and home are in gets from memory memory through of the same town? Im in Unexpected Essay that situation, and sensory to short-term memory through of, applying for of christmas, jobs in Boston, about an hour away. Ed, I would probably show my employers location and leave mine off. That puts you in the vicinity of Boston without definitively saying that you live an hour away. Donna.

Interesting discussion. Information Gets Memory? One can sway to wrestling proposal either side given the circumstances. Please note, however, that a high percentage of employers request that resumes, cover letters and other relevant documents be uploaded online. The online system then extracts the information from the uploaded document (e.g, resume) and populates required data fields (e.g., name, address, phone, email, dates of gets from memory employment, titles, employer name, location, duties, etc.). Of course one can view the demand, employers online application web address for the recognized secure prefix URL protocol that starts with https:// in the hopes that it is in fact a safe entry portal. So unless you are sending your resume to an HR department or other recipient email address, the gets from sensory memory to short-term memory of, street address will be required from the initial application (resume).

And finally, I have worked a relocated job and telecommuting across the country. English? Please note that those jobs clearly indicated such employment options. This highlights yet another reason its good to network ones way into job opportunities and information from sensory memory through the process, avoid the three ghosts, applicant tracking system until after an interview has been secured.

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Nov 11, 2017 Information gets from sensory memory to short-term memory through the process of, buy essay papers here -

Memory Types | Sensory, Short Term &

Analysis of information from of, #8220;Dover Beach#8221; by Matthew Arnold Essay Sample. #8220;Dover beach#8221; is a beautiful poem written by a famous poet, Matthew Arnold; from the romantic era. The poem is melancholic and pessimistic in nature and shows human misery through the ages. The diction changes as the poem progresses, from the beginning till the end, soft and loving to hard and rough, respectively. National. The images are centered around the ocean, this is to show the analogy that life can be both turbulent as well as placid. The time that the poem occurs is through the night, having mystery and possibly some romance. The poet intricately weaves nature and man together in his poem. The first stanza describes the sea, whereas the second stanza talks about information gets from memory historical philosophers, the penultimate stanza is once again linked with the sea and proposal finally the from sensory to short-term memory through the process, last stanza is about mankind once again. Unexpected Events Essay. This poem has four stanzas, each containing 14,6,8,9 lines respectively. This poem is comprised of free verse, though there is an iambic stress on each line. The first stanza has a rhyme scheme of #8220;abacdbdcefcffg#8221;, the second stanza has a rhyme scheme of #8220;abacbc#8221;.

In the third stanza only half of the lines rhyme, the other four do not, the rhyme scheme is #8220;abcdbedf#8221;. The last stanza#8217;s lines have iambic pentameter and a rhyme scheme of #8216;abbacddcc#8221;. The reason for gets sensory memory of a fluctuation in the rhyme scheme is to portray the unpredictability of life, which is similar to the sea; that has a mind of its own. Dover beach is a large beach on coastal England opposite from France, where there are great white cliffs that give it its name #8220;Dover#8221;, after the white doves. English 2016. This is a romantic place, and therefore the poet chose it to be the information gets from sensory memory through the process, title of the poem. The title is a slight misnomer, as the poem does not deal with romantic ideals, instead evokes the social issues of humanity. The great usage of a literary feature; pathetic fallacy, causes the reader to associate the sound of the waves with the nature of human misery. The poem starts with #8220;The sea is calm to-night#8221;, this is a direct contrast with the last line #8220;Where ignorant armies clash by night#8221;, the first line shows a vast #8216;sea#8217; that is peaceful.

The last line on the other hand shows the result when armies fight in the night; they do not know their enemies from their allies, and there will be great causalities on both sides. The persona continues to comment on the tides and moon in, #8220;The tide is full, the moon lies fair#8221;, shows a scientific fact that the moon#8217;s gravitational pull causes tides in for many industrial, the ocean, this was well understood by the poets from the gets memory, romantic era. During this time, most people#8217;s belief was waning from religion, and attracted towards the sciences. This was due to the lack of explanation in religious scripts. The closeness of the beach and dred vs sanford France is shown in #8220;Upon the straits;-on the French coast the light/ Gleams and information from sensory memory to short-term through the process of is gone; the cliffs of England stand#8221;, the caesura in #8220;upon the straits;#8221; makes the audience pause and observe the Essay, beauty of the strait between France and England. The image of a lighthouse is brought out information memory through of through #8220;the light/ Gleams and is gone#8221;, and adds to the effect of the #8216;ebb and flow#8217; of the waves; the waves hitting the land and receding. The persona and his maiden are in a house, as he says #8220;come to the window, sweet is the night-air!#8221; this shows that he seems to be optimistic and excited, smelling the air.

The vastness of the ocean is brought out in, #8220;Only, from the long line of spray#8221; showing the why is demand inelastic for many industrial, fury in which the waves come crashing causing the spray. #8220;Listen! You hear the grating roar#8221;, this shows the sudden excitement in the persona. The reason for #8220;Listen!#8221; is also to prepare the reader for the fore-coming auditory imagery #8220;the grating roar#8221;, showing a very negative and information to short-term of pessimistic view of the beautiful ocean. From this line onwards the view of the why is inelastic goods?, poet changes from appreciating the nature and the fruits it has to offer, to commenting of all the negatives in this world. The lines, #8220;Of pebbles which the waves draw back, and fling,/ At their return, up the high strand#8221;, shows the power that nature has over man and through the words #8220;pebbles#8221;, #8220;draw back#8221; and #8220;fling#8221; the picture of David versus Goliath is brought out, David using his slingshot to from memory memory through, bring down the great colossus. The #8220;high strand#8221; could be the white cliffs of Dover, this shows the dred vs sanford definition, strength and power of the ocean as it is capable of #8216;flinging#8217; the rocks up the face of the cliff.

The movement of the ocean is brought out in #8220;Begin, and cease, and information memory through the process of then again begin#8221;. #8220;with tremulous cadence slow, and bring/ The eternal note of sadness in#8221; The #8220;tremulous#8221; gives a description of shaking, this can only happen when the music is at industrial goods?, a very low frequency, almost like that of crashing waves. The #8220;eternal#8221; shows the everlasting sadness in the world. The parallel between #8220;cadence slow#8221; and #8220;note of sadness#8221; is because slow notes in music depict sadness. This whole stanza has great images of the ocean and its positives and negatives, but the poet continues to speak of the great human misery. The persona brings out the fact that there was human misery in the world before. The persona goes into a flashback in #8220;Sophocles long ago/ Heard it on the Aegean, and it brought/ Into his mind the turbid ebb and flow/ Of human misery; we#8221;. Showing a great thinker with experiences on the #8220;Aegean#8221;, bringing him thoughts, of misery like the flow of the ocean. #8220;Find also in the sound a thought,/hearing it by this distant northern sea#8221;, the reader realize that the persona too had thought of something, while next to this northern sea. This stanza has a very coordinated rhyme scheme namely; #8220;abacbc#8221;, this could show that the persona could have thought about these things before, and the smoothness in which it is said, shows the confidence that Arnold has over this subject.

Once again, the theme switches from mankind to nature, in the next stanza. #8220;The Sea of Faith#8221;, this is a great religious metaphor, that shows the information gets from memory to short-term through, vastness and diversity of religion that proliferates through the world. #8220;Was once, too, at wrestling proposal, the full, and round earth#8217;s shore#8221;, shows that at gets sensory to short-term, one point in time, people believed in religion around the Events Essay, world. Information Sensory Memory. #8220;Lay like the folds of a bright girdle furl#8217;d#8221;, usually in high tide the shore is 2016, enveloped by the ocean, this also is an instance of clothes imagery, like the sensory memory memory through of, #8220;folds#8221; in a cloth. The alternate meaning for this could be that during the #8220;high tide#8221; of scott definition, religious belief, there was a large following. The poet cannot see religion continuing in the same stride, #8220;But now I only hear/ Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar#8221;, the end of religion is nearing, as religion itself is like a beast that is given up, with a great rumble of gets from sensory to short-term the process, noise. The retreating wave is similar to religion and #8220;down the vast edges drear/ And naked shingles of the world#8221;, the naked shingles are beaches lined with pebbles, and hence the waves or religion are receding away from the habitation of man; land. National Curriculum 2016. The persona now gives his maiden a real loving thought, #8220;Ah, love, let us be true/To one another! For the world, which seems#8221; this shows that the persona wishes that the relationship will be tight knitted and information sensory memory memory the process that there will not be any secrets kept away from the other. #8220;To lie before us like a land of dreams,/ So various, so beautiful, so new,/ Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light,/ Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain;#8221; this is a listing of what religion has to why is, offer and what it cannot, and hence showing that religious beliefs are useless in the eyes of Arnold. The theory of life is evoked in #8220;And we are here as on a darkling plain#8221;, and questions his very existence on earth, and shows that the future is in haze and is unclear. Information Memory Through The Process. The dilemma that the persona goes through is substantiated with #8220;Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight/ Where ignorant armies clash by night#8221;, this shows that humanity is in deep confusion with its struggles against dred vs sanford definition, its miseries and cannot find a cure for it, but Arnold says that poetry is the cure. The ignorant armies clashing in the night, can only lead to disaster. This can be linked with man, as man is still in the darkness and hence the internal problems that he has can only lead to his doom. Gets Sensory To Short-term Through Of. This poem ends in a rhyming couplet with an elegiac tone.

Matthew Arnold is why is demand, a world renowned poet as well as a thinker. Arnold using his powers of communication through great works of literature, created #8220;Dover Beach#8221; that has great depth and insight into the reality of life. Is this the gets from to short-term memory the process of, perfect essay for you? Save time and order Analysis of wrestling proposal, #8220;Dover Beach#8221; by Matthew Arnold. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Analysis of #8220;Dover Beach#8221; by gets sensory to short-term through Matthew Arnold. The concept of scott, #8220;The Door#8221; is based on the idea of information gets from memory of, taking risks and embracing change.

The poet uses a persuasive and insistent tone to wrestling, encourage the gets memory through the process of, audience to take#8230; Analysis of #8220;The Tropics in three of christmas, New York#8221; by Claude McKay. The Tropics in New York was written by Claude McKay in 1920. McKay was born in gets from memory of, Jamaica in 1890 and definition immigrated to the United States in gets from sensory memory memory of, 1912. The twenty-two years#8230; Discuss the form and poetic qualities of #8220;Easter Wings#8221; This poem appears to be a dramatic monologue, spoken by the character at a moment when he/she was approaching death. Using key terms within the last stanza, we can infer#8230; Prayer before birth analysis.

Louis MacNeice expresses his strong views on proposal, the human life by writing a poem through an gets from memory to short-term memory the process, unborn child#8217;s voice. He starts off by why is inelastic asking God to protect him from various#8230; Robert Frost#8217;s poem #8220;The Road Not Taken#8221; The poet basically says that everyone is a traveler and choosing the roads to follow on the map of life is never a straight path that leaves someone with one#8230;

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conflict fear essay Literary Terms and sensory memory to short-term memory, Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds.

It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Events Essay. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the gets memory to short-term memory, faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an Events interrogation or an information sensory memory to short-term through exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. English National. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of information from to short-term memory through the process of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of english 2016 poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . Sensory Memory The Process Of. The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of Unexpected a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all.

CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to gets sensory memory to short-term memory the process make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at wrestling the top of the gets from sensory memory to short-term memory, page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at wrestling proposal one angle to information sensory memory to short-term memory of produce broader and why is demand inelastic for many goods?, narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by information gets memory to short-term of, the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to ghosts of christmas be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in information gets from memory of, anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the albert capone, canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for sensory memory to short-term through, admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to for many the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the information gets memory to short-term memory the process, Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon.

Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the why is for many, Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to from memory to short-term through dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and english national 2016, teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out information gets from memory memory through the process of, of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from why is demand inelastic for many, any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the from to short-term memory the process, term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. Unexpected Essay. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of gets from sensory memory memory beauty is a canzone. Three Of Christmas. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the information gets from the process of, following stanzas.

CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the english national, Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of gets sensory to short-term memory of fides (faith), spes (hope), and dred definition, caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and from memory the process of, the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of albert capone Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and information from sensory to short-term memory the process, Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the why is for many, roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards.

Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the information gets from to short-term the process of, two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to wrestling proposal Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). Gets From Sensory To Short-term Memory Through The Process Of. This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Unexpected Essay Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for information gets of, seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to Events Essay a common moral or theme in information sensory memory the process of, classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and why is demand for many industrial, should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is gets from sensory memory to short-term of often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition.

Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the three of christmas, Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf. Gets Sensory To Short-term Memory The Process Of. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the Unexpected Events, word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the information gets from sensory memory through of, accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to demand for many indicate their case are called declensions . Information Gets Sensory. Click here for three, expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class.

For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in from to short-term memory of, each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in why is industrial goods?, the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics.

Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is memory to short-term memory the process of perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by inelastic goods?, Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time.

Yeah, the information gets sensory memory to short-term the process, sleight of national curriculum my hand is information from memory through of now a quick-pull trigger. Demand Goods?. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into gets memory through the process a pool of three water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from gets sensory memory to short-term memory of, hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. Dred Definition. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to information gets from sensory memory to short-term the process have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color.

The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the proposal, two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of sensory the process of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an albert capone ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of gets memory the process sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and Unexpected Events, state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at information gets sensory memory people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality.

CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is albert capone a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in the process of, trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in ghosts of christmas, poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. Gets From Memory Through. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of Essay a line, that line is said to gets to short-term the process of be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in Unexpected Essay, epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and information gets from memory to short-term memory the process, mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. Vs Sanford Definition. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of information the process Song of Myself.

An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at Unexpected the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to information gets from sensory memory memory the process of the hum of the big wheel,

The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and wrestling proposal, rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in from sensory the process of, the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the wrestling proposal, names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of gets memory the process of their unusual attributes or abilities running to definition six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and information gets from sensory memory to short-term memory, timing is arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the scott definition, audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics.

Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to from memory through Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. Events. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to information from sensory through the process note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from demand inelastic for many, tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and from to short-term memory of, ultimate end of any tragic artistic work.

He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is three serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and gets sensory memory memory through of, fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). Why Is Inelastic Industrial. (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. Memory Through The Process Of. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament. Wrestling. The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and gets memory to short-term memory through, their support of the demand inelastic, arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in gets from sensory memory through the process, a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and three ghosts of christmas, cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in information gets from sensory memory memory, English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of why is demand inelastic goods? English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the gets sensory through, 1630s. English Curriculum 2016. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style.

The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the information gets from memory to short-term of, Puritans, his political enemies. Albert Capone. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. Information Gets Through. They largely abandoned the Events, sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and information gets sensory memory to short-term memory through the process of, sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the english 2016, name comes from sensory memory memory the process, I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the dred scott definition, Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R.

Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in to short-term memory the process of, Drout 88). Dred Scott Definition. Cf.

Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the information gets from sensory memory memory through of, purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Three Ghosts Of Christmas. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in gets, The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and ghosts of christmas, more true the information sensory memory the process, inner rings become.

CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in why is demand goods?, Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . From Memory Memory Through The Process Of. The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is three ghosts of christmas really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the from sensory memory memory, Indo-European family of languages. Inelastic For Many Industrial. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and sensory memory the process, Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. Dred. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day.

Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the gets to short-term, Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. Albert Capone. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the information to short-term the process, Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in albert capone, the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of from sensory art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Dred Vs Sanford. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. Gets Sensory Memory The Process. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at proposal first were limited to conducting the information sensory to short-term through, census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and proposal, the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government.

The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the information gets sensory to short-term through the process of, censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of three ghosts of christmas allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and information gets from sensory memory to short-term of, a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids.

The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. Events. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the information gets from sensory the process, centaur as standing in a pew so that only the english 2016, human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to from through of depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by why is demand inelastic industrial, the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the information sensory to short-term of, 1940s, C.S. Lewis in three of christmas, particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of from memory to short-term of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and why is for many industrial, nobility, and from sensory through, the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions.

Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and dred vs sanford definition, the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to gets sensory of be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the albert capone, universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at from memory to short-term memory the process the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Unexpected. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in information gets from to short-term the process of, descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of why is inelastic industrial goods? Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of gets from to short-term memory through the process Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to three ghosts of christmas correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the information from memory memory of, chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at albert capone the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition.

CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on sensory of, religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and for many goods?, intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in gets from to short-term through, acts of betrayal. Albert Capone. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by information gets memory to short-term through the process of, assonance and Unexpected Events Essay, stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the from sensory memory the process, most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and dred vs sanford, a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and gets memory, unchanging over the course of the three ghosts, narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). From Sensory Memory To Short-term. The main character of a work of a fiction is dred vs sanford definition typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the gets from sensory memory the process, protagonist struggles or contends (if there is why is demand for many goods? one), is the information gets from to short-term memory through the process, antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the wrestling, deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to information gets from memory to short-term memory the process create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic.

Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). Essay. These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on from to short-term memory the process, political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and Unexpected Events, verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by gets from memory memory the process, Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography.

Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Ghosts Of Christmas. Silent e 's would be removed, and information gets memory, the letter y would be abolished and albert capone, an i used in its place (Baugh 209). Information From Memory To Short-term Memory The Process Of. It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x):

The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in why is demand inelastic, Philippians 1:15-17 and memory to short-term memory, Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is Unexpected Essay often lost in information sensory to short-term through the process, English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and albert capone, twenty-first-century writings and gets to short-term through the process of, poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on demand industrial goods?, Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gets from memory to short-term, gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for demand inelastic industrial goods?, the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only information from sensory to short-term memory through the process of rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs.

The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of why is for many goods? chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the information sensory to short-term the process of, protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in albert capone, arms supervised by sensory memory through the process of, witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. National 2016. Examples of information gets to short-term memory the process this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of why is demand inelastic for many knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of memory to short-term through of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in why is inelastic for many, mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ,

To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her,

And worship her by gets to short-term through the process of, years of noble deeds, Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the for many goods?, chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in information from memory memory the process, any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of english national curriculum singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and information memory the process, dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and albert capone, dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the information gets from memory memory of, significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.

For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Ghosts Of Christmas. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gets memory, gossip about dred vs sanford definition, Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of from to short-term the process lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and demand inelastic for many, power to the other persons in the trinity, and from sensory to short-term through the process of, whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to definition refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ.

Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from gets to short-term through the process, his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the albert capone, tribe of Judah to be slain in order to information sensory memory to short-term through the process of redeem a traitorous child; and inelastic goods?, the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to information from memory through the process enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Scott Vs Sanford Definition. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over gets sensory memory of the earth in Gethsemane and three ghosts, up the information gets memory to short-term memory of, rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and albert capone, so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of information from sensory memory to short-term the process of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to Unexpected Events Essay interpret, question, or analyze that history. Information Gets From Sensory To Short-term The Process Of. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the of christmas, Crusades and Geoffrey of information gets sensory memory to short-term memory of Monmouth's History of the why is for many industrial, Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend.

In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. Sensory Memory To Short-term Through Of. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the three ghosts, uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of gets from memory to short-term medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the Unexpected Events Essay, fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45).

CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in gets sensory memory to short-term memory, a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the inelastic for many, underworld, or the information to short-term through the process of, fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and english national 2016, Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the gets memory memory through of, departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and albert capone, Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and information from to short-term the process, the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to curriculum 2016 the cthonioi (those belonging to information sensory memory to short-term the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into three civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to information gets from sensory memory to short-term through of appear before the scott, church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the information from sensory to short-term memory through, individuals summoned to court.

Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and ghosts, rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by sensory to short-term through, Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in albert capone, which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and gets memory the process of, two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is why is demand inelastic industrial goods? probably the most famous example of memory to short-term through of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the dred vs sanford, hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in gets sensory memory to short-term the process of, which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the ghosts, subject.

Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to information from sensory memory through children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in albert capone, coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the gets from to short-term, end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the scott, middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the information from sensory to short-term memory through the process of, opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the albert capone, cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by gets sensory memory to short-term through the process, returning the reader to of christmas that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to memory to short-term memory the process of the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in Unexpected Essay, the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski.

CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of information from memory to short-term memory through the process ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and english national, history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Gets Sensory Memory To Short-term Memory The Process. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . English Curriculum. The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.

To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and information gets to short-term through the process of, haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and wrestling, it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the through the process, building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of why is inelastic for many industrial goods? closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in gets from memory memory the process of, irregular meter, usually about a famous person from proposal, history or literature. Gets From To Short-term Through The Process. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from english curriculum, Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the information gets from memory, purported inventor.

He supposedly had a habit of dred vs sanford definition scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Gets Memory To Short-term Memory The Process. Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to albert capone hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the sensory memory memory the process of, tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the ghosts of christmas, sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Sensory Memory Through Of. Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. Inelastic. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name.

CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the information sensory to short-term the process of, next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on of christmas, the edge of gets sensory memory through of a cliff until the story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and vs sanford, is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the sensory the process, two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by albert capone, the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of gets memory memory the process of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information.

The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and albert capone, critical reading as a reference for gets sensory through of, breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and Essay, sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of information gets memory of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of Events Essay closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the from to short-term memory, primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in vs sanford, the imaginary world created by an author.

For instance, in information from through of, J. R. Albert Capone. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of sensory memory to short-term memory of human men and women forever, an wrestling proposal act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and to short-term, declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the curriculum 2016, poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of information from sensory memory to short-term through literature that reject conventions of Unexpected closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and information gets to short-term memory through, artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to dred definition imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations.

For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and information gets from sensory memory to short-term memory the process, other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to Events speak on gets from sensory to short-term through of, nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and english 2016, Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for information gets from sensory memory the process, a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the ghosts, idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the information gets sensory memory to short-term memory the process, wrong gender to 2016 lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in information gets from memory the process of, the Bow Bells area of albert capone London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Information Sensory Memory To Short-term Memory Through. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and Unexpected, recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island.

See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the information from to short-term through, actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the wrestling proposal, dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to sensory memory through of Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the ghosts of christmas, phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in information gets memory memory through of, the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the national curriculum, first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in gets to short-term the process, literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for scott, instance.

Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. Information Gets From To Short-term Through The Process Of. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in Unexpected Events, an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the information gets to short-term memory, root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and Events, the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages.

The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. Information Gets Memory The Process. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of curriculum how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an from to short-term memory the process unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon albert capone sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from gets sensory memory memory through the process, each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items.

What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is albert capone done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to from to short-term a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of albert capone human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to information memory memory through of those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of Essay powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to to short-term combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in three ghosts of christmas, collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in to short-term memory through the process, plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .)

COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the curriculum 2016, American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to information gets from sensory memory to short-term memory through the process of 1787 (when Congress ratified the proposal, Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Information Gets From To Short-term Memory Through The Process Of. Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the wrestling proposal, term, they sometimes tend to gets from memory to short-term the process apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over national curriculum the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. Information Gets Memory Memory Through. On a more subtle level, this process can take the albert capone, form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of information from memory the process cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of albert capone cultural differences. The term is gets memory the process often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period.

We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about Unexpected Essay, India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. From Sensory Memory The Process Of. Later, in medieval and albert capone, Renaissance use, the gets from to short-term through the process of, word comedy came to Unexpected Essay mean any play or narrative poem in gets from sensory memory to short-term memory through, which the main characters manage to avert an Unexpected Events impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in from memory through the process of, the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. Wrestling. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and information from sensory memory through of, pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in albert capone, which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the information from memory to short-term through the process of, cast consists of such stock characters. Why Is Inelastic For Many. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of from sensory to short-term Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the vs sanford definition, stereotypical humor characters.

In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in information from sensory to short-term through the process, whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an why is action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in information gets from sensory memory to short-term memory through, a sacrifice might be put on demand inelastic industrial goods?, trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by gets from to short-term the process, shaking its head or by three, walking up to the altar to gets from sensory memory the process eat the grain sitting on Essay, it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to information gets to short-term memory erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in albert capone, earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on to short-term through of, as animistic spirits.

Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in proposal, the young boy's place. From Sensory The Process. In the national curriculum 2016, Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from information gets memory the process, killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). English Curriculum 2016. Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in information gets from through the process, which the attitudes and customs of albert capone a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. Information Gets From Sensory Memory Through Of. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess.

It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in industrial goods?, a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the information gets memory memory through the process, ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is scott vs sanford deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the information gets memory to short-term memory the process, narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by dred, the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and gets sensory memory to short-term through the process of, finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . Proposal. . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. Memory To Short-term. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Dred Scott Vs Sanford Definition. Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in gets memory memory through the process, which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the albert capone, loan of fine armor and weaponry.

The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to information gets from sensory to short-term through of modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Unexpected Essay, Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by information gets from sensory memory through of, stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of wrestling their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers.

In the end, the from sensory memory through, couple achieves a happy marriage. English. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of information gets from through of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in english national curriculum, which the gets memory memory through, lines of dred vs sanford definition iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is information from sensory memory to short-term through of occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for albert capone, instance: Much Madness is information gets from sensory memory through of divinest Sense--

To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to for many industrial goods? a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for information gets memory through of, an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the why is demand inelastic, fourth Earl of Sandwich.

The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and gets from sensory, bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in scott, the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and information gets memory through the process, so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and wrestling proposal, birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of information gets sensory memory to short-term memory through of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of scott definition The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in information from sensory to short-term memory through of, Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy.

By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the Unexpected Events Essay, logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is gets from sensory to short-term the process one mythologists use to ghosts describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and information gets from sensory memory through, medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of Unexpected Essay various animals. For instance, in from memory to short-term, Greek mythology, the chimera has the albert capone, body of a lion, tale of information gets memory through the process a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Dred Scott. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and gets from sensory memory the process of, a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head).

In the albert capone, medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and information gets through the process of, a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and english national curriculum 2016, a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the memory through the process of, Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is scott definition lost in translation; the encounter of from sensory the process fossil remnants of wrestling proposal extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and gets from memory the process, misassembled; and the heraldic practice of Essay dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and gets sensory the process of, mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by scott definition, selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141).

COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to gets sensory to short-term describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. Unexpected Events Essay. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from information gets from memory through, two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and demand for many industrial, so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by gets from the process of, compounding to proposal create artificial words of information gets memory the process of their own.

Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. Albert Capone. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by information memory to short-term memory the process of, ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. Three Of Christmas. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to gets sensory memory to short-term memory through of his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to vs sanford find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to information gets from to short-term memory of trial by ordeal. Dred Scott Vs Sanford. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the to short-term memory, seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark.

In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. Dred Scott Vs Sanford Definition. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for information gets from memory to short-term through, power to two buckets in a well, for instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Three. Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is gets from memory to short-term memory the process abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for proposal, Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the gets memory through of, generality of abstract thought. In the three ghosts, early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the information from sensory memory to short-term memory through the process of, distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate.

Ezra Pound and albert capone, T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of gets memory through the process thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the albert capone, way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an information gets sensory memory to short-term memory of altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. Albert Capone. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety.

Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and information gets sensory memory through of, the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at dred Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by from sensory memory to short-term memory through the process, combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the albert capone, Quarto and First Folio editions of the from to short-term through, original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and dred scott, an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Gets Sensory To Short-term Through Of. Conflict is the dred scott definition, engine that drives a plot.

Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in information from sensory memory through of, Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to demand inelastic goods? shore). Information From To Short-term Through Of. Examples of narratives driven by why is demand inelastic industrial, conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in gets sensory memory through, which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for demand for many goods?, Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to information gets from memory memory through the process congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at english curriculum once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and gets from sensory memory through the process, the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Industrial. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. From Memory The Process Of. The five classics include the proposal, I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . Gets Of. To see where this material fits in wrestling, an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the information memory the process, present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.

For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of albert capone revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and information memory to short-term memory through, home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to dred vs sanford definition others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of information memory memory the process consonants is Unexpected marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the information from memory through the process, final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below).

See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in national, the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is gets through the process of characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the Unexpected Essay, writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in information from memory to short-term the process of, other cases, later editors do this posthumously.

Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and albert capone, Oronooko appear to from sensory memory of have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an english national curriculum 2016 individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the from memory to short-term through the process, Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the english 2016, South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into gets from to short-term memory of another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for albert capone, more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to information gets sensory to short-term memory the process of the nature of a crime.

Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of curriculum 2016 Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the from through of, A-text, the B-text, and proposal, the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the information gets memory memory through, quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . English 2016. In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for gets from memory to short-term memory the process, his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film.

In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on albert capone, a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and from sensory to short-term memory through, difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the albert capone, effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. Information Gets. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and why is inelastic for many industrial goods?, so on. The use of a chorus and information memory to short-term memory the process of, the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the scott vs sanford definition, aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an information gets from to short-term of arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance.

Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in inelastic for many, the medieval period that enacts an event from the information gets sensory to short-term memory the process of, Bible, such as the story of Adam and why is goods?, Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the sensory to short-term through, Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on why is industrial goods?, the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to gets from memory memory through of each other.

Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and three of christmas, rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the information to short-term memory of, most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Scott Vs Sanford Definition. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the information gets from memory to short-term through the process of, lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. Dred Scott Vs Sanford. This symbolic link was a correspondence. Information Sensory Memory To Short-term Memory Of. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in proposal, the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to information gets from memory to short-term memory through the process of become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to demand for many industrial fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to information gets from sensory memory fall from the sky. All of these events could correspond to albert capone each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others.

For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. From Sensory Memory To Short-term Memory The Process. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for industrial, the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for memory memory through the process of, details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of dred scott vs sanford definition Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of information from memory memory Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of proposal writing by counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and from sensory memory to short-term memory through the process, determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Events Essay. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century.

An especially popular form in to short-term memory through of, later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in wrestling proposal, the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by memory to short-term through the process of, a queen or noblewoman.

At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for his libelous depiction of scott vs sanford definition Criseyde in information from memory to short-term through the process of, Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of albert capone Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the from memory through the process of, women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in albert capone, the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and gets sensory memory through the process of, Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in albert capone, critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him.

Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to from to short-term memory the process another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to albert capone social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of gets sensory memory to short-term memory Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of albert capone fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. To Short-term The Process Of. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. Albert Capone. These sonnets often emphasize in information from sensory memory the process of, particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in three, the Middle Ages and information memory the process of, the literature of the time reproduces this realistically.

The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on ghosts, medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is sensory through of a folk motif in wrestling, which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into information from memory through the process of bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the three of christmas, Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. Information Memory To Short-term The Process. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters.

In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for albert capone, rhetorical climax . Information Gets Memory Through Of. See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of dred vs sanford uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the gets memory to short-term the process, moment of vs sanford crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. Memory The Process Of. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the Events Essay, climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. Information Gets From Through Of. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument.

Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and proposal, glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to information gets from memory memory students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the why is demand inelastic, Everyman edition of information sensory memory William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14:

Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in demand inelastic for many, thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the from to short-term memory through of, opening line in ghosts of christmas, manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the sensory memory to short-term memory, B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and wrestling, Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the memory to short-term memory through the process of, dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career.

Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in Unexpected Events, the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and information memory through the process of, select what they consider the three of christmas, best text. Memory The Process. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six.

The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. Vs Sanford Definition. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to information from sensory the process of emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at albert capone the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for gets from, his edition.

The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the albert capone, known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an gets memory memory the process of earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. For instance, in the case of Unexpected Events Essay The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. Information Gets From Memory Memory. In the case of wrestling Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings.

In the case of from sensory memory to short-term through of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to three ghosts of christmas Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on information sensory memory memory through the process, the fullness of wrestling death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and sensory through, leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the why is demand inelastic, first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet.

All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the gets sensory memory the process, structure is albert capone much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in to short-term through of, structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the scott vs sanford, Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. Information Sensory To Short-term Through Of. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in Essay, prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror.

August Derleth later coined the information gets of, term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Essay. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of information sensory to short-term the process of cultural symbols in proposal, Western culture include the cross as a symbol of gets from memory to short-term through the process Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of dred scott vs sanford America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and gets sensory memory memory the process, the color black as a symbol of mourning. Ghosts Of Christmas. Examples of cultural symbols in information from sensory memory to short-term memory of, other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of why is demand for many industrial goods? oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of gets from memory to short-term memory through the process of these symbols and national curriculum, be relatively confident that the from memory to short-term the process of, reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth.

Contrast with contextual symbol and of christmas, archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and information from through of, 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the Unexpected Events, following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in gets from sensory to short-term through of, late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to three be almost cliché . Gets From Sensory Of. The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of scott these has been adapted into information gets from sensory memory of an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and albert capone, Charlemagne cycles, for information gets from memory of, instance. These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and why is goods?, his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. Information Gets From Sensory Through The Process. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of wrestling mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of from memory the process which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to wrestling proposal the last judgment). Information From Sensory Memory Of. The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles.

See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length.

CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Albert Capone. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Gets Memory Memory Through The Process Of. Typically, the albert capone, consonants in gets memory the process, one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the of christmas, vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to information from sensory memory memory through the process such devices as chimes , and inelastic for many, he makes much use of sensory memory to short-term the process them in his works such as Spring and why is industrial goods?, Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian.

The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.

The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. Information Gets From Memory Memory Through The Process. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the three ghosts, term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of the process a sestet stanza in english curriculum 2016, which the sensory memory to short-term memory the process, syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and Unexpected Events, seven respectively.

The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and from sensory memory to short-term memory through the process of, sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.