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The Medici Family - Facts & Summary - HISTORY com

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The Medici Family - Facts & Summary - HISTORY com

business plan labor : Clean Fuel of Future. TABLE OF CONTENTS. 1 Project Introduction#9;* 1.1 Start-up Summary#9;* 1.2 Team Introduction#9;* 1.3 Keys to who were the medicis, Success#9;* 2. Production Summary#9;* 2.1 Plant Location#9;* 2.2 Biodiesel Production Technology#9;* 3. Marketing Plans#9;* 3.1 Market Analysis#9;* 3.2. Market Trends#9;* 3.3 Marketing Strategy#9;* 3.3.1 Strategy Pyramid#9;* 3.3.2 Value Proposition#9;* 3.3.3 Competitive Edge#9;* 3.4 Strategic Alliances#9;* 3.5.1 Product Description#9;* 3.5.2 Product Performance#9;*

3.5.3 Key Advantages of Annotated Biodiesel#9;* 3.5.5 Future Products and Services#9;* 4.1 Product Assortment#9;* 4.2 Sales Strategy#9;* 4.3 Sales Scenarios#9;* 6. Who Were! Risk Analysis#9;* 7. Financial Planning#9;* 7.1 Project Financing#9;* 7.2 Important Assumptions#9;* 7.3 Projected Profit and Loss Reports#9;* 7.4 Projected Balance Sheets#9;* 7.5 Projected Cash Flow Statements#9;* 7.6 Key Financial Indicators#9;* 7.7 Break-even Analysis#9;* 8. Exit Scenarios#9;* 9. Project Enhancement Opportunities#9;* Clean Fuel of Future (CFF) is a producer of renewable and environment friendly fuel, the biodiesel, delivered from vegetable oils. The company is located in the eastern part of Ukraine, in the Poltava region, and Retired Essays, it is intended to provide full technological cycle of production: cultivation of the medicis oil seed (rape), processing them into oil and We the Soon to be Retired Essays, final production of biodiesel. Purpose of the business plan is to attract investment in the creation of biodiesel production plant and rape cultivation farming. Our major advantage is the competitive price of the biodiesel, due to high productivity in cultivation (the best soils in the world and the medicis, favorable climate) and the lowest variable and fixed costs in Europe (labor, land rent, transportation, facilities, utilities, chemicals). Letter Mussolini! We offer fuel with the same performance as that of conventional diesel, at the medicis competitive price and ecologically safe. Soon To Be Retired! Our markets expand rapidly all over the world due to growing concerns about levels of environmental pollution and limited supply of energy sources. Our target customers are transport companies inside Ukraine and who were the medicis, the Western European countries. Our teams skills cover all aspects of creating and cross-sectional research, managing the biodiesel production project: organizing, financing, auditing, marketing, promoting business, solving technical and organizational problems.

The capacity of the plant is 5,000 tons per year, the full capacity is intended to be reached by the end of the second operational year. By that time, we plan 2,102,270 EUR turnover, producing 825,525 EUR profit and a positive cash flow of 602,575 EUR. The Medicis! To reach these goals, we need 2,000,000 EUR investment payable up-front, so as to invest it in procuring the cross-sectional definition processing equipment, agricultural machinery and chemicals. The two project launchers require 10% of the initial investment by who were, the end of the third operational year and 10% of the net after tax profit in each consecutive year thereafter. Having considered these contributions, the when weighted average return on investment is 23.5% from the fourth operational year. The biggest risks for investors are the unfavorable weather conditions, therefore fall in yield, but only in short term; in the long term, this risk is being offset.

CFF is a company with limited liability, which offers 80% shares for outside investor. Other 20 % owned by its founder and director, Spivak Mykhaylo. 1. Start production of biodiesel by who were the medicis, the end of south advantages in civil 2003. 2. Maintain Net Profit Margin 30% with selling price no higher than that of conventional fuels. 3. Who Were The Medicis! Increase the sales to more than 2 million EUR by the third year. CFF is a manufacturing company dedicated to developing better energy solutions for benefit of a whole society. We bring innovative technologies and unlimited supply of energy sources without damaging and polluting environment. Our product replaces conventional diesel and Retired, becomes the most perspective fuel of 21 century due to who were, its environmental friendliness, renewability and low costs. We intend to make lucrative profit to generate a fair return for our investors and to finance continued growth and continued development in quality product. We also maintain a friendly, fair, and creative work environment, which respects diversity, new ideas, and hard work.

1.2 Team Introduction. Poor! Ukrainian, 35 years old, engineer with entrepreneurial and managerial experience since 1993. Worked on agricultural market for who were the medicis, 5 years: invested in cultivation of wheat, sunflower, rape. This included complete technological cycle: form sowing to harvesting and processing grain into wheat and oil seeds into oil. Exported grain to Hungary and Russia. Legalization Of Marijuana: Annotated! Knows very well technology of oil processing and esterification. Worked on fuel market for 6 years: purchase, delivering and sales of diesel, lubricants, petrol; created idea and technology of this project.

More detailed Resumes can be found in the Appendix session. The key success factors in the biodiesel project are: Competitive Prices : Unless the importance of the biodiesel products is fully understood by consumers, well not be able to sell it above market price of who were the medicis conventional diesel. Constant Product Quality : This makes sense in any case but because we are first on the market, good reputation and constant conformance to performance standards of definition conventional diesel are especially important. Who Were The Medicis! High-profile Management Team : products delivered on time, costs controlled, marketing budgets managed. The project is planned to cigarette commercials, serve Poltavas and neighboring regions (see map). Total projects area is approximately 30,000 square km, of which the total arable land is 18,000 square km, that includes 3,000 square km (300,000 ha) for rape cultivation.

Physical location of the processing plant is 30 km from Poltava, near a railroad station and an elevator with total storage and processing capacity of 10,000,000 tons of the medicis grain per year. Hitler´s Mussolini Essay! Cultivation of rape-seed requires 5,000 ha of arable land and will take place on the rented fields of local agricultural enterprises. Exhibit 1. Project Area. Company has the who were following facilities: garage for agricultural machinery with a total surface of 1,000 square meters, an administrative building of 100 square meters, the plant building for the biodiesel production of 1,000 square meters. Territory of the Legalization of Marijuana: Annotated plant is fenced; available for storage and other equipment in 5,000 square meters. The Medicis! Exhibit 2. Biodiesel Plant.

2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an research definition, authorized retailer for goods and services provided by Spivak. Please review also: The process Technological Scheme can be seen in the following chart: 2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for who were, goods and services provided by Spivak. Please review also: Although biodiesel can be marketed as an ordinary fuel and our calculations in commercials banned, the financial section are based on the present market price of conventional diesel, we believe, that most perspective customers are farms, in-city transport companies and those who need the lowest possible pollution levels in their technological processes: warehouses, owners of generators, etc. The reasoning is the following: farms are suppliers of raw materials and can receive biodiesel as a payment, in-city transport companies feel constant pressure to who were, reduce their fleets pollution levels and Legalization Bibliography, will be happy to buy biodiesel, other users may also need non-polluting fuel for such reasons as safety, comfort, ecological concerns. These customers will definitely choose the biodiesel against the conventional diesel, if the product pricing is who were the medicis approximately the same in both cases. A summary of the market analysis is given in Table 1 and south war, Chart 1. Assumptions about annual growth are based on historical trends and the medicis, the current economic situation in Ukraine. It is Hitler´s Letter to Benito Mussolini necessary to underline that this market segmentation does not differ significantly from that of the EU countries, our potential customers, except broader usage of biodiesel in on-highway transportation. Columns show number of potential (corporate) users around the the medicis country (except for Soon to be Retired Essays, farms) according to statistical data: transport companies, wholesalers, and other organizations, whose annual consumption of biodiesel may exceed 1,000 EUR. Who Were The Medicis! For this reason, the market for biodiesel is worth an estimated 150 million EUR in 2003, and is projected to roman houses, grow at who were the medicis 37% per year.

Table 1. Market Segmentation. Chart 1. Roman! Market segmentation. Rape meal is a by-product of oil extraction and is valued for high protein content. We are planning also to sell rape-seeds in order to stabilize cash position in the medicis, the periods when production of biodiesel would be insufficient: at in civil war the end of season, between production cycles. Our primary target customers for these two types of products are agricultural enterprises of Poltava region and exporters. Who Were! The demand in this market segment, especially in Legalization, the latter one, can be regarded practically unlimited in our case. The most important trend in the fuel market is the growing prices. Although with some limitations, this was true for years and seems to who were the medicis, be accelerating due to cross-sectional research definition, political and economic reasons. Biodiesel prices may grow even faster, because of its ecological friendliness and concerns in all industrialized countries about the level of environmental pollution. It is who were necessary to assume, however that because of a future increase in the biodiesel production over the world and possible inventions of other alternative fuels (methanol, etc), prices of biodiesel can not exceed those of petrodiesel more than 10% (as it takes place in Germany now).

We are part of the rapidly growing biofuel business, which also includes producers of heating oils and oleochems. At present, biodiesel is being produced in more than 20 plants (see Appendix , section 10.5), most of which are located in Germany, with capacities ranging from 1.000 to 80.000 tons of biodiesel per year and total annual production of 1.020.000 tons. In this respect, in the long term, our plant with the capacity of 5.000 tons per annum may appear uncompetitive on European market. However, because production of biodiesel in countries of south advantages war former Soviet Union did not start yet, we believe in the medicis, rapid growth and production expansion. Market prices of Legalization of Marijuana: biodiesel are 10-15 % higher than those of conventional diesel despite of who were the medicis tax exemptions for to be Retired, biofuels in many European countries (Germany, France, Czech), which is explained by high labor and energy costs in Europe. Because in who were, Ukraine they are 30-35 times less than in Europe, our project will be able to generate competitive (5% less than market) prices for poor roman houses, such sustainable fuel, as biodiesel. Our main competitors in Ukraine are the producers of petrodiesel.

As long as the sale of petrodiesel is who were subject to excise and other taxes, our product would remain competitive on in civil the Ukrainian market. Biggest problem may appear if state imposes the above-mentioned taxes for biodiesel, which however, is highly unlikely, because of the strategic importance of alternative fuels for the medicis, the country. 1. Emphasize inherent qualities of biodiesel and focus on target markets. We must differentiate biodiesel from other fuels. We need to establish our business offering as a clear and viable alternative for our target markets. 2. Produce high quality fuel.

3. Offer competitive price at the level of the conventional diesel fuel. 4. Create strong distribution channels to ensure stability of production. 5. Emphasize key advantages of our product. 6. Build a relationship business: long-term relationships, not single-transaction deals with customers. Cigarette! Become their fuel supply department, not just a vendor. Make them understand the value of our relationship for the whole society and economy.

7. Focus on fuel distributors and big consumers as key target markets (see Sales Strategy) For placing emphasis on quality, our main tactics are technology expertise and who were the medicis, developing our own supply network. Our specific programs for technology are continuos learning and research. Roman! Specific programs for who were, supply include cultivation of rape-seed and cooperative agreements with local farms. Our second strategy is the Annotated products low cost. The tactics are reaching the the medicis lowest possible cost of raw material by using most productive breeds of Soon to be Retired Essays rape, fertilizers and herbicides, implementing the most effective operations in production. We think our value proposition is quite clear and can be quite easily distinguished from who were, most of the Essay others in the market. We offer ecology-friendly and renewable type of fuel at a reasonable market price. Our project brings also new jobs and high-technology to Ukrainian agriculture and makes a further step towards the energy independence of the Ukrainian economy. Our most important competitive edge is entering Ukrainian agriculture and fuel supply industry with the the medicis most advanced technologies and gaining experience and market share before the cigarette intrusion of new competitors.

Were positioning our product for those, who need and want to use non-polluting, ecologically friendly fuel. Unlike mineral fuel, biodiesel is renewable energy source, with comparable cost and performance. We must charge appropriately for this unique type of fuel, but we want also to predict revenues as close as possible and to eliminate market risk, so we plan to who were the medicis, sell biodiesel at current market price for petrodiesel. We depend on direct contacts as our main way to reach new buyers. As we grow, however, we need to change the way we promote ourselves: 1. Advertising: We'll be developing our core positioning message: Clean Fuel of Future to differentiate our service from the competition. We will be using local newspaper advertising, radio, and cable TV to launch the initial campaign. 2. Seminars, exhibitions and other promotion and charity campaigns. We focus on the market need for environment friendly fuel distributed through the authorized gas filling stations. We will also maintain close relationship with transport companies and agricultural enterprises. We depend on our alliance with local producers of rape-seed (and their state representative Ukrripak) to were cigarette commercials, generate continuos supply of raw material in the future, with Ukrainian diesel traders (especially gas filling station and bigger regional company: Poltavanaftoproduct) to ensure stable and planned production and sales. Because we plan to rent land and cultivate rape, cooperative agreement with neighboring agricultural enterprises is essential.

They are suppliers of labor force, additional raw materials and equipment. We plan to outsource rape cultivation in the future, so this cooperative would be a base for creating a suppliers network. The Medicis! This cooperative would provide joint cultivation, harvesting of Soon Retired Essays rape, production of vegetable oils. Creation of distribution network requires a reliable and strong partner, so we plan to start strategic cooperation with Poltavanaftoproduct, the biggest fuel trader in the region. The reasoning is the following: one of the authors already has good experience doing business with this company; the company has selling capacity (gas filling stations, delivery services, certification laboratories, etc.) of 5 million tons of fuel per year and is in good financial condition. We want underline, however, that we are not limited only by this option of cooperation: the further we move, the more options would appear. Use of biodiesel in who were, Germany increased from 10 million liters per year in 1992 to 300 million liters in 2001 with prices at petrol stations around 1.5 DM per research liter. We plan cooperation with one of the biggest distributor of biodiesel in Germany, company Oelmhle Leer Connemann GmbH Co, to sell our products on European market.

Four products are planned to be produced and sold (in consequent order): biodiesel, rape-seed, rape meal and rape-oil. Who Were! Production starts with cultivation and harvesting of rape-seed, processing it into rape-oil with rape meal as a by-product, and cross-sectional definition, ends with the final production of biodiesel from oil (see the chapter on the Technology). The explanation for such a long technological cycle is a necessity to ensure the supply stability of the raw material, the rape-seed, to produce final product biodiesel of who were premium quality. Biodiesel is the name for the methanol-ester-based biofuel made from vegetable oils or animal fats. In this business plan biodiesel will be produced from rape-oil, but equipment could be utilized also for houses, processing other vegetable or waste cooking fats. Rape (canola), however has proved to be a best crop for the production of biodiesel, because of high productivity and oil content (45%). Biodiesel is a clear liquid, without unpleasant odor or handling characteristics, of virtually the same viscosity as mineral fossil diesel oil. For this reason, it may be used in a standard diesel engine without additional modifications. It may also be blended with petrodiesel to improve quality of latter.

There are also examples of crude rape-oil usage (not processed into biodiesel) in specially designed diesel engines, or blended (50/50) with petrodiesel oil in ordinary diesel engines. Biodiesel shows similar fuel consumption, horsepower, torque, and who were the medicis, haulage properties as conventional diesel fuel and provides significant lubricity improvement over petroleum diesel fuel. Lubricity results of biodiesel and petroleum diesel using industry test methods indicate that there is a marked improvement in lubricity when biodiesel is added to conventional diesel fuel. Even biodiesel levels below 1 percent can provide up to a 30 percent increase in lubricity. Biodiesel will soften and degrade natural rubber compounds over time, so users must replace them with elastomers in order to use pure biodiesel in the engine. Cold weather can cloud and poor houses, even gel any diesel fuel, including biodiesel, but users of a 20 percent biodiesel blend will experience even a further decrease of cold flow properties (cold filter plugging point, cloud point,) of approximately 2 to 3C. 1. Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel that runs in any conventional, unmodified diesel engine.

It can be stored exactly like petroleum diesel. The Medicis! 2. Legalization Annotated Essay! Biodiesel can be used alone or mixed in the medicis, any ratio with petroleum diesel. 3. The use of advantages in civil war biodiesel can extend the life of diesel engines because it is more lubricating than petroleum diesel fuel, while fuel consumption, auto ignition, power output, and engine torque are relatively unaffected. 4. The Medicis! Biodiesel is safe to handle and cross-sectional definition, transport because it is as biodegradable as sugar (pure biodiesel degrades 85% to 88% in water within 28 days), 10 times less toxic than table salt (lethal dose is greater than 17.4 g/kg body weight, while for salt (NaCL) it is 1.8 g/Kg), and has a high flashpoint of about 200C compared to petroleum diesel fuel, which has a flash point of 70C. 5. Biodiesel is a proven fuel with over 20 years of use in Europe and 30 million successful US road miles. 6. Combustion of biodiesel provides over a 75- 90% reduction in who were the medicis, environmental pollution and a 90% reduction in cancer risks. 7. Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel to meet all environmental and human health requirements for energy sources. The major planned source of raw material is rape-seed. To ensure stability of supply, we are planning to cultivate them on 5,000 ha of rented fields. Commercials Banned! Cost allocation for this stage of who were business plan is presented in the Appendix part.

The average yield from winter oil-seed rape in Ukraine is around 3 tons of of Marijuana: Annotated seed per hectare during a 270 day growing season. The seed is pressed to extract the oil content of about 30% by weight, the remaining cake (rape meal) being used either as high protein content cattle fodder or burnt as an energy source for the production of electricity. Final output, therefore is 1 ton of the medicis biodiesel per hectare. The energy cost of producing the crop is about 15% of the yield - the same as fossil oil. The main difference is that the energy is renewable and come from the eco-friendly crop itself. Glycerol is a by-product of our technological process, but it needs further cleaning.

We are not planning to when cigarette banned, install glycerol processing equipment in the first 3 years, because this equipment requires additional 40% investment and we want to ensure quality and uninterrupted production of biodiesel, as a flagship product. Who Were The Medicis! However, after successful implementation of this biodiesel project, we are also planning to Legalization Annotated Bibliography, sell cleaned glycerol, which could generate an additional 10% turnover. Who Were The Medicis! Biodiesel is planned to be sold using direct mail, seminars, promotion programs and advertising in business newspapers. Because biodiesel is a valuable fuel for in-city transportation companies, direct mail to these and other companies would be effective tool in promotion. Ecology, energy, technology related seminars are effective in finding regional representatives, partners, suppliers and buyers of our product. Promotion programs are: discounts to those carrying our trademark and Hitler´s Mussolini, symbolic, support to ecology and renewable energy concerned organizations, participation in regional fairs and who were, events. Total budget for all these programs is shown in the Profit and Loss Statements, among the Advertising and Miscellaneous expenses.

Rape-seed is a commodity product which sells on agricultural exchanges, to producers of cross-sectional definition rape-oil and exporters. We plan to contact directly all these customers, because they are not so numerous and who were the medicis, can ensure reliable business relationships. South Advantages In Civil! Rape meal has two markets: export to Poland, Lithuania, Turkey, or local agricultural producers. The Medicis! We prefer the latter option, because it would save a great deal of when were commercials administrative and transport expenses, plus it would open the who were opportunity to use rape meal as a payment for rent, leasing of equipment, rape-seed (we plan also to buy rape-seed for further processing). Rape-oil sales are omitted from the business plan due to south advantages, high uncertainty factors. However, our plant will be able to provide this type of product and it remains a real option for us to sell rape-oil. Our major intention is to keep levels of monthly production, sales, and collections together. For this reason we planned storage capacities only for one months production, located plant near elevator (rape storage facilities) and railway (transportation network). Because biodiesel is highly liquid product, this goal can be implemented with right choice of distributors and suppliers (see also: Strategic Alliances).

Because cultivation itself is a risky business (due to weather conditions), we prepared 3 variants of the medicis sales: normal, when yield of rape is normal and all sales would take place in Ukraine, pessimistic, when yield of rape is to be Essays 50% of who were normal, and optimistic with normal yield and sales to Germany for 70% of cross-sectional research German market price. Summary of the risk events is who were presented in the risk assessment chapter. To Be Retired Essays! We expect to start sales at the end of 2003 and to reach the full plants capacity by the medicis, 2004. We plan to decrease gradually the sales of rape-seed and increase the south advantages war sales of biodiesel instead. Nevertheless, it will still remain important so as to ensure cash stability during the year between possible interruptions in biodiesel production cycles (due to technological, organizational reasons, etc). The following table lists the first year milestones, with dates and budgets for the medicis, each. The milestone schedule indicates our emphasis on planning the implementation. The most important programs are rape-seed cultivation (Stage 1 - Harvesting) and equipment installation. We omitted inferior purchases like office preparation or stationery purchase.

Detailed description of each milestone is research definition given below. Table 2. Milestones. Purchase of the medicis tools and tractors. Installation of oil processing equipment. Rape-seed stage 1. Rape-seed stage 2. Cross-sectional Research Definition! Rape-seed stage 3. Rape-seed stage 4. Who Were! Rape-seed stage 5. Equipment payment 50%, installation. Equipment and maintenance. Sales of biodiesel. Total capital expenses in EUR.

Equipment orders will be possible after negotiations with producers of different parts and having completed the installation plan. This plan will be done by design institution using equipment producers drawings and specifications. Milestones budget is a cost of Mussolini equipment (50%) plus cost of installation plan. Who Were The Medicis! Quantity of Legalization of Marijuana: Annotated agricultural tools needed was estimated for a farm with a total arable area of 5-10 kha. Site preparation includes mainly construction works: fence, building, roof repair, building bases for equipment and storage capacities, installation storage reservoirs, energy supply and fire detection equipment. These works will be performed by subcontractors. We can start the oil processing right after site preparation, because this does not require complicated technology. So, installation of oil processing equipment (oil presses, filters, cisterns) and the medicis, the offer of oil processing services can be started at the beginning of the year. (Milestone 14) We did not plan cash inflows from these services. Cross-sectional Research Definition! Farm preparation is who were the medicis soil fertilizing (depends on qualities of soil, may be omitted) and advantages, processing.

Milestones budget includes costs of fuel, fertilizers and who were, labor force. Stage 1- Sowing of rape, cost of seeds, fuel and labor force costs are assigned here. Stage 2- Stage 5: entering of herbicides and chemicals additives to fasten the rape ripening. Costs of herbicides and accelerators were included. Harvesting will be done by subcontractor (lease terms), because this stage requires expensive and when were cigarette, productive equipment.

Costs of leasing, delivering of rape to elevator and labor costs were also included. Payment of another 50% costs of who were the medicis equipment will be done after delivering it to We the Soon Essays, the site, inspection, installation and testing. Works will be done by subcontractor (construction works) and equipment supplier. Budget includes costs of equipment, installation, labor force. Equipment and maintenance includes works with electricity, water, air supply equipment, biodiesel processing equipment, and who were the medicis, implies the testing and the improvements. Oil processing costs include energy, labor force, maintenance. Processing of biodiesel is possible when sufficient (100 tons) quantity of oil will be pressed. Costs include chemicals, energy, labor force. Sales are possible when minimum railway transporting quantity (60 tons) produced. By that time, well find clients, sign sales agreements and plan delivery for the next 3 months. Rape cultivation timing has key importance in Hitler´s Mussolini, the project implementation.

While any short delay in the medicis, the equipment installation can be bearable, the first year harvest of the south in civil rape-seeds can`t be missed. All the three types of who were risks were analyzed in the risk pyramid: Country risk, Sector risk and cross-sectional research, Company risk. Country risk : Ukraine is regarded as a risky business environment, but conditions are improving continuously. The country has entered a stable growth period after the former years decline. Country risk of the project is minimized in our case, due to the personal experience of the medicis one of the authors. Moreover, we determined the electricity costs to be higher than in normal cases, so as to finance the assurance of continuous electricity supply, an extra service in the country. Sector risk : The main sector risk is the unpredictable output of the rape in to Benito, each year. The necessary measures are assured in the project budget to cover this risk. The appropriate cultivation conditions can be maintained by the proposed agricultural equipment, moreover, insurance was also planned to cover weather risks. Other part of the sector risk comes from the technology itself, the greatest threat may come from who were the medicis, latest developments in the biodiesel processing. A more cost effective production method requiring totally new equipment could make our plant obsolete.

Therefore new inventions concerning the biodiesel fuels should be closely tracked, the cooperation with the local scientific organizations in We the to be Retired Essays, the region is primarily aimed at minimizing this type of the medicis technological risk. Company risk : Because of the Soon newest technology, the the medicis company has a bit more risk than that of a traditional firm. The highly qualified and fully committed management team will do its best to decrease it as much as possible. The overall risk of the project is moderate, which is expected to decrease over time. Having considered all these types of risks, the following weigting allocation has been made for the three profitability scenarios: All the project financing is expected from private investors at the beginning of the project in the amount of 2,000,000 EUR. The financing needs in the following operational years will be fully covered by the autofinancing capacity of the poor company if the organic growth remains within the who were projected scenarios. Poor Roman Houses! The financial calculations of the business plan are based on the following real-life assumptions: Table 3. Important Assumptions. Short-term Interest Rate % Long-term Interest Rate % Payment Days Estimator.

Collection Days Estimator. The financial reports are prepared in a yearly split, they were intended to be comparable with each other. Hence, some slight modifications in the real life could be necessary to improve the profitability of the project, exclusively in the interest of the investors. Who Were! Such changes may include an additional capital expenditure in fixed assets for higher return in the optimistic case, if the cash balance is too high to keep it lying on bank deposits without yielding interests. 2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for goods and services provided by Soon Retired Essays, Spivak. Please review also: 2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for goods and who were, services provided by research definition, Spivak. Please review also: Here follow the balance sheets of the biodiesel project.

Please note that in the first two years of the pessimistic scenario, additional loans would be necessary to borrow. However, in the third operational year, all these loans would be paid back. Cash and Securities. Total Short-term Assets. Total Long-term Assets.

Liabilities and Capital. Other Short-term Liabilities. Total Short-term Liabilities. Paid in Capital. Total Liabilities and Capital. The Medicis! 2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for goods and services provided by Spivak. Please review also: The following Cash Flow Statements show, that even in the optimistic case, the treasury control should be tight till 2005, in spite of the huge expected profit in 2004. 2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for goods and services provided by Spivak. Please review also: The following tables include all the important key financial ratios related to the project: (The key financial ratios within the Hitler´s Letter Essay Profit and Loss Statements can be found in Chapter 7.3) 2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for goods and services provided by who were, Spivak. Please review also: Profit Margin Ratio.

Total Assets Turnover Ratio. We The Soon To Be! Rate of Return on Assets (ROA) Rate of Return on the medicis Equity. Return on Investment Ratio. Days Accounts Receivable. Days Accounts Payable. Days Inventories Held.

Quick Ratio (Acid Test) Total Debt to Equity Ratio. According to the normal scenario, we can regard 2005 as the reference year for the normal production. Total sales 2,130,680 EUR. We The Soon To Be Essays! Production quantity: 5,000 tons. Unit sales price: 426 EUR / ton. Who Were! Total costs are 538,060 EUR. Variable costs can include chemicals and Hitler´s to Benito, energy (see Appendix), since farm cultivation costs are fixed costs. These variable costs are: 176,000 EUR chemicals and 23,000 EUR variable energy costs, 199,000 EUR in total. The Medicis! Labor is not regarded as a variable cost, no worker should be fired in a bad situation, even if some money could be saved for a short time.

Thereby the unit variable cost: 39.8 EUR / ton. Letter To Benito! Fixed costs are 339,060 EUR. As a result, the break-even quantity of the biodiesel production is 878 tons / year . The gross margin / sales ratio is above 80%, thats why the who were the medicis break-even quantity is so low, due to the exceptional conditions of the when were cigarette banned project. Let us think a little bit longer. Who Were The Medicis! Total payroll burden of the plant is 89,250 EUR / year. We The To Be Retired Essays! If we were giving 8 times more wages for everyone (not a good salary in Western Europe), that would mean an extra 624,750 EUR / year. Fixed costs in that case would be 963,810 EUR.

The break-even quantity would immediately rise to 2,496 tons / year. Nearly 3 times more than it has been originally planned. Exit may take place in several possible ways: 1. Normal Exit : The project starts generating profit in the second year of operations and positive cash flow appears in the same year. It means that once spent, money can be fully recovered by investors. This creates very good chances for the initial shareholders to sell their participation at a very good price for other investors. 2. Project Failure : The total cost of the initial equipment is who were the medicis 1,540,000 EUR, with an annual depreciation of approximately 154,000 EUR.

The market value of the assets differs type by type. The agricultural machninery can be sold at least for 70% of book value, oil processing equipment for advantages war, 90-110% of book value (its already delivered, installed and buyer can start exploiting it), while market price of biodiesel production equipment is under question. The reasoning is the following: biodiesel production is still a unique business in Ukraine, and to sell the equipment we need to find a buyer. This may or may not take time, so the who were selling price of the equipment may vary from 20% (valued only roman, such general parts as pumps, reservoirs, pipes, etc) to 110% (we found buyer, who is interested to start the production on the existing facilities). The sale of other current assets, such as final and by-products (biodiesel, rape meal, rape-oil, and rape-seeds), chemicals, herbicides and fertilizers are possible at full market price in a very short time: in one month maximum. Other investments are planned to be around 60,000 EUR in the first year, consisting of office furniture and other small items.

Their market value will be around 80-100% of their book value. As a summary, we estimate that the who were the medicis investors could collect 30-100% of their initial investments, if they suddenly decide to sell everything. The two project initiators require 10% of the initial investment at the end of the third year of the project and 10% of net profits thereafter. If the exit of investors was made due to unexpected causes (irrelevant from the project results) before the end of 2005, the Retired 10% share will be still required. Who Were The Medicis! The only reason to cancel the share transfer can be a cumulated result below the pessimistic scenario.

The payment of 10% of the net profits starting from the fourth operational year cannot be ceased. 2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for goods and services provided by Spivak. Were Banned! Please review also: Capacity of the the medicis plant is 5,000 tons of biodiesel per annum. Rape cultivation costs are expected to be the same in were banned, each scenario, the negative effects of the worse sales and weather conditions cannot be compensated by lowering the cultivation costs.

COST OF GOODS SOLD. In this section well indicate only such variable costs as costs of chemicals, fuel, energy, rape-seed cultivation, fertilizers. All other expenses (labor, rent, depreciation, leasing) are included in the ProfitLoss statement. Year 2003 contains a fraction of these costs, due to the proportional usage of the economic resources. Chemicals and energy. Who Were The Medicis! Table 4. Cost of Chemicals. 2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for goods and services provided by Spivak. Please review also: From year 2005 a +3.4% inflation has been built in the sales plans.

Table 5. Energy Costs. Quantity required per ton. Total quantity required. Poor Roman! Energy for production: electricity, hot water, compressed air. Fixed energy costs. Total energy costs. Total area of farm: 5,000 ha, Productivity: 15,000 tons of rape-seed or 5,000 tons of biodiesel per who were year.

Rape meal is We the Soon Retired a by-product of rape-seed processing. Table 6. Rape-seed Direct Cultivation Costs. The Medicis! Quantity per ha. Estimates of houses production costs vary between reports due to who were the medicis, the wide variation of cost and value of inputs and outputs. The most comprehensive report known is that of the University of south advantages in civil war Wales BEAM Project, carried out upon the request of the who were the medicis Rural Development Section of the Welsh Development Agency about two years ago. Legalization Of Marijuana: Annotated! Without detailing the report, it calculates the 1997ish cost of production at between 17 and 27p per litre, taking into account the who were value of the by-products and allowing the input from set-aside grants. To Benito Essay! (Year 2000 ?400/600 per hectare) Other estimates have been produced, indicating costs of up to 63p per litre. Cost in the USA is currently about 34p per litre (penny is used to who were, make comparable values). It would therefore be reasonable to assume a worst case cost of 40p per were cigarette banned litre at who were the pump, allowing for storage and transport costs and profit margins to the distributor and supplier.

Amortised in this cost is the capital value of the plant required, which is not comparatively high - an esterification plant to produce 5,000 tons of RME yearly at a rural location is Letter to Benito Mussolini Essay estimated at less than ?0.5m. To this must be added the cost of a seed crusher to recover the oil - about ?120,000. Total cost of equipment is 1,540,000 EUR out of which the the medicis capital expenditure in: Seed processing#9;64,000 EUR. Biodiesel production#9;1,318,000 EUR. Quantity of agricultural equipment was calculated according to the technological requirements.

Hence, for the cultivation of rape at 5000 ha, 10 tractors (10,500 EUR each), ploughs, sowing and other equipment are necessary. Their total projected cost is 158,000 EUR . The machines and tools will be maintained on rented facilities of the Poltava region. Gas filling station and garages are also available there. Summary of the advantages war technical characteristics and costs is given in the table below. Table 7. Seed Processing. 2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for goods and services provided by Spivak. Please review also: Summary is given in the table below. Esterification unit and catalyst preparation unit were offered by who were the medicis, company Ekkoil Sk and when cigarette, were accepted after careful study. Who Were! All other equipment are made in Ukraine. Table 8. Biodiesel Production Equipment.

2CheckOut.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is an authorized retailer for goods and in civil, services provided by Spivak. Please review also: Our management philosophy is based on who were responsibility, mutual respect and advantages in civil war, entrepreneurial creativity. This means that well create a work environment, where employees feel responsibility for the overall companys performance and will be awarded accordingly. Although, better than projected results could be compensated with bonus payments, the the medicis most general way of extra remuneration is planned to be a centralized and advantages, controlled biodiesel product distribution for who were, the workers (bonuses for extra quality production and so on). The latter method could increase the interest, on behalf of the workers, in working in our plant, and hopefully, it could help propagating the Companys environmental concern even further. Retired! The team includes 25 employees, under three managers, acting as partner executive directors.

No important decision can be made in who were the medicis, one person, at least two executive managers should approve them. Our main management divisions are farming, processing, and to be Essays, sales. Farming handles cultivation of rape; processing-pressing of oil seeds and production of biodiesel. Management team requirements. We believe we have an who were, excellent team for covering the main points of the business plan: cultivation of were cigarette commercials rape, sale of final products. At present, we can improve mostly in the area of technical capabilities to manage the production of biodiesel. The Personnel Plan reflects the need to bolster our capabilities to match our positioning in the fuel market.

Our total headcount would not change until 2005, but may decrease afterwards, because we plan to outsource farming and concentrate on our core competencies. The project launchers assume the Sales and Financial Management positions in the first three years, till the end of 2005. Employees are expected to work in teams, therefore huge salary inadequacies are not allowed. The need for labor force was estimated according to industry experience and technological needs.

Medici Family: History - Florence Inferno

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Severus Snape and who were, the Anubis Archetype: Smoke and Mirrors. Submitted by: Clunycat. Severus Snape and Letter to Benito Essay, the Anubis Archetype: Smoke and Mirrors By Clunycat. Before you read this essay, I want to issue a general warning. I laughed when Severus Snape zinged Hermione about her teeth.

Now you know where my loyalties lie. That said, this writer is not about to who were pass judgement on a character without analyzing his motivation, actions and attributes in the context of his archetype; I can be ruthless in my dissection. Severus Snape has been the subject of various discussions in the Leaky Lounge forums that go nowhere and south advantages in civil war, answer nothing. Questions about his loyalty, his motives, his morality, his actions and his role in the medicis the Potter Saga whirl about like debris in when were cigarette commercials a tornado of confusion. Even threads set up to discuss other characters and events slither irresistibly into Snape territory. What is it about Severus Snape that fascinates? Why do we spend so much time analyzing his every move, trying to see past the smoke and mirrors into the heart of the man? How did an unlovely secondary character manage to hijack a story that belonged to Harry Potter? The simple answer is that it is in the nature of the the medicis, man to fascinate, to captivate and to imprison. His ilk has been doing the when banned, same thing for a very long time.

Over the course of history he has played his part in various pantheons and cultures, but he is older than any his fellow deities, for he is Death. Both Bolen's and Schmidt's descriptions are somewhat limited: Anubis adds a whole new dimension of magic and mystery. To the who were the medicis, best of my knowledge, the only other writer who uses the term Anubis archetype is Terence DuQuesne in his work Jackal at the Shaman's Gate . His goal was to show the role of Anubis in to Benito Mussolini Egyptian religion; however, the theme can be expanded to create a new view of what Bolen calls the Hades archetype, 1 and Schmidt refers to as the Recluse/Warlock character. 2 The Anubis archetype emerged from an intensive study of underworld gods and death deities present in the mythology of many cultures. This Grim Reaper stereotype is the scaffold on which a character like Severus Snape may be assembled; however, Snape not only embodies the archetype, he actually serves as a personification of death in the Potterverse. It then follows that understanding the who were, model of the death gods and analyzing their purpose in mythology could be the guide to an understanding an ambiguous character like Severus Snape. Overview of the Archetype. By Anubis they understand the horizontal circle, which divides the to Benito Essay, invisible, to who were the medicis which they give the name Isis; and this circle equally touches upon the confines of both light and darkness. Anubis is the jackal-headed god of the underworld in Egyptian mythology. He acts as protector of the dead; he pre-dates Orisis as ruler of the Land of the Dead, judge of the heart, and guide to souls.

His invention of mummification paved the way for souls to be reborn in to be the afterlife. A stern, pitiless god, robed in black, he is also the personification of death in the Egyptian mind. 3 He is Anpu, he who opens the doors to the North, and it is the medicis this function that ties him to the precursor god Anup, who is a form of the Chaos god Set. 4 It is this writer's belief that Anubis, like Sobek (who has similar heritage), may have been a more socially and politically acceptable form of Set in the post-Osiris climate of Egypt. In the world of the living, Anubis is patron of mummification, potions, medicine and surgery, and aspects of to be divination. He is hery sechta , meaning Guardian of the Mysteries, a title he shared with Thoth, god of Wisdom and ur hekau , Mighty of Magic, a name shared with Isis.

A powerful force in the afterlife where he is a guide to the deceased and examiner of the soul, Anubis is more reserved in who were the living realm, an unwelcome visitor in the form of death. In a character, the Anubis archetype manifests itself in certain characteristics. Many of these are magical aspects; however, they may be represented in a non-fantasy oriented approach. All the characteristics mentioned come from mythology; not only from that of Anubis, but from a list of death deities, lords of the advantages war, underworld, otherworld gods, death personifications and death angels researched to present the clearest picture of what this character would look like. For interested parties the list with links and resources is available, but the compilation is beyond the scope of this essay. I would also encourage any reader who wishes to the medicis delve deeply into this archetype to read Gods in Everyman , by Jean Shinoda Bolen. Her Hades archetype provided much of the advantages war, psychological scaffolding of the section that unfolds below. 5. From the beginning, the Anubis archetype is intensely introverted. He is usually out of step with society's expectations, a loner, whose perceptions of reality are distorted by the subjective way he views the the medicis, world.

As a child there is something that marks him as different. He cries often and reacts unexpectedly. Soon To Be Essays? He may have a history of injury at birth, or an unusual birth; something that has been speculated to be involved in persons with Asperger's syndrome. 6 This archetype may be over-represented in that group, as even Bolen asserts in her topic the the medicis, Hades Archetype , that there is something autistic about the child who fits her profile of the Greek God of the poor, Underworld. He is often highly intelligent, and who were the medicis, over-sensitive. He does not act the way a child is expected to act, and this predisposes him to real torment at the hands of his peers. There may be a sense that he is an old soul in a young body. He is Legalization of Marijuana: imaginative and plays well by who were himself. Even at an early age he seems independent and prefers to be alone. He soon finds his inner world to be a refuge especially if his odd behavior earns him ridicule and abuse at the hands of his peers. To Be Retired Essays? He does not start out as reclusive or aloof, but will become so with age.

He learns to avoid pain by cutting off his emotions, which he never fully recognized in who were the medicis the first place, as emotions to houses him are visceral sensations and occasionally produce visual hallucinations that may frighten him. He may not learn to equate the sensations with the corresponding emotion in himself and the medicis, as he ages this problem contributes to a lack of empathy. He learns, as a matter of poor houses self-preservation, The Rules that society expects him to follow, and the medicis, he is an adept shape-shifter. He is also likely to hold everyone else around him to these rules. He does not understand social context, and departures from the norm jeopardize his stability, and threaten him with the unknown. Even if he adapts well he will never be at ease in social settings. He is less able to succeed in to Benito fields where a good old boy network prevails. However, he excels in the medicis situations where he can emerge from the poor roman, shadows to provide an ingenious solution or work a miracle cure. The Medicis? He may gravitate to careers that give him this advantage: medicine, mathematics, engineering, and psychology. From a fantasy standpoint expect this character to have magic that is when cigarette commercials banned significantly different from his supporting cast. His magic will be twilight magic, mostly dark, but not entirely so; he should be able and willing to communicate with the dead like Anubis.

Virtually every death god or underworld deity is involved in the traffic of souls, both in and out of the who were the medicis, underworld. Some, like Odin, actually practice necromancy. 7 Others, like Hades and Hecate, facilitate it. 8 Anubis is the ultimate facilitator of contact with the underworld through his service of mummification, which leaves behind the Ka , a mirror image of the deceased which can receive offerings from the family, including gifts of food and drink. Anubis takes his role of messenger for the dead very seriously.

In Pyramid text the of Marijuana: Annotated Bibliography, face and throat of the deceased must first take on the appearance of Anubis before approaching the board of judges. It is clear that Anubis speaks for who were, the dead. 9 The whole book is about what he does for the dead. It also describes in detail a rite in which Anubis is invoked by a magician wishing to consult the dead. He should be at south home with the malevolent contingent of the faery like Gwyn ap Nudd. Who Were The Medicis? He should be able and willing to kill like Set, Sammael and Thanatos. He might deal in dreams like Hades, and usually has a mantic quality about him like Odin. He is often regarded as powerful, but may be the when cigarette, most reluctant to join in a fight for either side like Manawyddan and Mider. Who Were The Medicis? He also might be a shaman, able to effect magic elsewhere while in Hitler´s a trance; he usually finds ways to get information via spies or shamanistic animal forms like Odin who prowled the skies as a raven, or Tezcatlipoca stalking through the night as a massive jaguar.

Paradoxically, this dark wizard has the ability to heal. This quality is somewhat disturbing to anyone who sees Dark Magic as devoid of any benefit. This was never so in mythology pertaining to magic, particularly in Ancient Egypt. In fact, by looking at which god was invoked in who were the medicis the case of illness or demon possession, it is to be Retired possible to extrapolate just how serious the who were, problem was. 10 Gods like Set, Anubis and poor, Sobek were called on for the most dangerous assignments. Who Were The Medicis? As gods with an ambivalent quality, they were at home among the forces of evil, and were therefore most equipped to deal with them. Anubis was often invoked as a healer as he had charge of the spirits that were held responsible. Dangerous ghosts, called Bau , posed great threat to the living, but they were subject to We the Essays a reprimand by their chief, Anubis. 11 Odin is also a healer of men and animals. He heals with charms and who were the medicis, song; moreover, he knows the poor houses, spells to be sung behind his shield to place a magical barrier of protection around his warriors. 12 Gods of death, dark magicians all, are powerful healers.

Not just by virtue of the plants and potions they know, but also by their intrinsic understanding of disease and forces of chaos. They are marvelous at it. The Medicis? I've lost count of research how many people tell me that Snape can't be a dark wizard because he can heal. Being dark has given him the knowledge he needs to deal with Dark Magic. He did it. He knows how it works. Ergo, he can fix it. All gods of death were ambivalent for the most part, and this character should share that quality. Neither good nor evil, he inhabits the shadows, a man of who were masks and mirrors and were cigarette, as elusive as smoke. From a non-fantasy viewpoint this character is cunning and who were the medicis, logical but also possessed of to be Essays intuition.

He is usually quiet, always lurking in the background, suddenly emerging as a major force in the plot when least expected. He may be the man who is almost draconian in his insistence on order and law, but quite willing to bend the rules if it suits him. He is inventive, thoughtful and wary. He does not volunteer knowledge unless he is certain that his is the right course, and if rejected he may become hostile and withdrawn. He is usually at odds with the the medicis, supporting cast, believing, with some justification, that they are all at odds with him.

He has few friends, if he has them at all, but he is often intensely loyal to those who are loyal to him. His low capacity for empathy means that he will have difficulty in determining who he can trust, so even his deepest friendships retain some degree of suspicion on his part. In romantic relationships he strikes out. He builds his faAade around what he believes are social standards, and dating turns that upside down. But when he loves, he loves with violent intensity. Hitler´s Letter Mussolini Essay? Almost every Underworld god abducted and/or raped his consort. Typically, this character must be in control of the medicis every aspect. He likes to dominate and intimidate; and sadly, this tends to carry over into his love life. Even if he finds someone who loves him he is likely to remain distant emotionally, emerging as a passionate lover when his partner threatens to leave, then sinking back into his dark underworld once the relationship has been patched. His interaction with children is difficult to predict.

From Celtic mythology, Underworld and Otherworld gods like Mannanon mac Lyr adopted children to raise as heroes, as did the Gaelic god Mider. 13 Egyptian gods like Set and Sobek attempted to kill the infant Horus, yet Set is moved to indict himself when a disguised Isis tells him a tale of woe concerning her son, 14 and Sobek assists Horus when the boy is grown. 15 Gods of death were regarded in most cultures as infertile, and the children attributed to them, like Hecate, daughter of were cigarette commercials banned Hades, were sired by other gods. 16 One common thread in most hero stories is a trip to the underworld, usually to get some vital weapon needed in the quest. In this function, the Lord of the Dead acts as a teacher or a judge, either to prepare the young candidate, or to assess his worthiness. His lessons are hard, his methods harsh and frightening. Who Were The Medicis? But they are effective in strengthening the research, hero or heroine; a trial, if you will, that prepares the youth for battling ultimate evil. The challenge for an Anubis archetype is to learn empathy for others but to the medicis remain true to himself.

He needs to develop his masks for participation in society, but he desperately needs to find either a consort, or a part of himself that can act as psychopomp for others, initiating them into his life in a less forceful way than abduction. The walls that protect him may never come down, but he can learn to lower the drawbridge now and then. Often the only thing that drives him to breach the wall is intense emotional need, such as depression, or loneliness. It should be noted that Hades only left his underworld twice: to abduct a consort and to be healed from a wound that only Paean of Olympus could treat. Legalization Annotated Essay? 17 In the same way, the character with the same archetype will emerge emotionally only if love stirs him, or if the pain of the medicis wounds that he cannot heal causes him to seek help. More than an Archetype: Icon of Essay Death. Alone of gods Death has no love for who were, gifts, Libation helps you not, nor sacrifice.

He has no altar, and Hitler´s to Benito Essay, hears no hymns; From him alone persuasion stands apart. When it comes to Severus Snape, archetype alone is not enough to define him. Who Were The Medicis? He is more that simply a man with the characteristics of a death-oriented archetype; he is the icon of death in the Potterverse. J. K. In Civil War? Rowling goes to some lengths to paint him in the colors of death. He is a tall, thin man, with a gaunt face, stringy black hair (I'll come back to the oil), pale, and sallow. He has dark eyes, presumably a very dark gray that appears black, but more importantly his eyes have a special ability to look straight through you.

Unlike Dumbledore' eyes, which have the the medicis, same properties, Snape's gaze leaves his victim with a deep sense of uneasiness. Soon To Be Retired? He wears black robes that are both light and loose, so that when he moves they billow behind him-his own dark wings. He has the unhappy habit of appearing suddenly, descending on his victims with a vice-like grip, and prefers to administer punishment in the comfort of his dungeon. He lives in the Underworld of Hogwarts, where it is so cold in the winter that students huddle around their magical Bunsen burners for warmth. He is unaffected by the chill, preferring not to light a warming fire in the medicis his lair. His office is filled with specimen jars; all filled with pickled animals, which he presumably accumulates over each summer. These act as a metaphor for his secrets and his emotions, which have been pickled, degraded and compartmentalized, like so many prisoners in the dark fortress of his mind. He has a soft, silky voice that changes to a cat's hiss when he is threatened. We associated him in the past with Potions, the Dark Arts, and spying, and to Benito, since Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince , we have added murderer and healer to who were the list. Ironic, isn't it? And a perfectly acceptable paradox for Death.

Severus Snape is often a judge of other characters; and he is in civil war often correct, if unkind, in his verdicts. Like most Gods of Death he is unfair. His punishments are often cruel and unusual, and ideally suited not to the crime, but to the perpetrator. He has great regard for the rules and enforces them on others, but adheres to his own rules when it comes to his protected people, the Slytherin students. We know that he is an avid fan of who were the medicis his House Quidditch team, which is interesting, because this obscure facet of Death Lords gets overlooked if we stop with the cross-sectional definition, Greeks and Egyptians.

Crossing over to Mayan and Aztec myth we find the Ball Game. This little brother to who were war was a favorite pastime for poor roman, the Mayan God Ah Puch and his denizens. Who Were? 18 Even war is a game of the south war, gods, and as the Lords of who were Death are assured a take, they are avid fans. And they cheat abominably. This is where Odin gets his reputation as an oath-breaker, waerloge , warlock. 19. Severus Snape possesses magic that we associate with the gods of death. He is in civil war said to who were have been a master at hexing, a quality that most Death Gods are noted for.

Many are invoked in the most deadly of curses; some are so dangerous that their names are avoided. Gods like Hades have numerous names, so that the speaker could avoid the danger of saying their true name. 20 Severus Snape also appears to south advantages have been a genius at potions, something for which the the medicis, god Anubis was famed. He was called the Prince of Poison, and his great accomplishment was finding the magic that would enable the body to defy decomposition. 21 He is also invoked in love magic, particularly the charms that accompany the poor, love potions.

22 Other deities, like Hecate, are associated with witchcraft and with poisons and potions. 23 One Potion that will forever be associated with Snape is the Draught of Living Death, in particular the ingredients mentioned in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone , Asphodel and the medicis, Wormwood. Asphodel is sacred to Hades, and is both food for We the, the dead, and protection for a particular brand of shaman that operate in Corsica. These dream-hunters harvest souls by night and function as death personified for their people; but they also fight each other for the protection of the medicis their villages, and Mussolini Essay, when they go to war, they carry wands of Asphodel. Who Were? 24 Wormwood has long been regarded as toxic in itself, and Letter to Benito, has association with the entry of evil into the world. It is said to the medicis be the plant that sprang up in Legalization Bibliography the serpent's wake as it left the Garden of Eden 25 as protection against the return of the snake. Snakes don't like wormwood, and will not enter a garden where wormwood is grown.

In addition, you should never plant wormwood too close to other plants, as it is detrimental to who were the medicis their growth. Research Definition? Wormwood, it seems, is as much of a loner as the man we have come to associate it with. Even the fictitious Sopophorous Bean has associations with the dead. Beans have long been regarded as magical, and in some cultures the humble bean seed is an actual soul of the deceased. 26. Severus Snape is the only person, besides Dumbledore and now Harry, to have heard the Prophecy.

While this doesn't entirely qualify as divination in Trelawney's book, it does place Snape in a position that Odin was in, both as God of Wisdom and who were, God of the Dead. It is fitting, that Dumbledore and Snape, wisdom and death, respectively, heard Trelawney, and it is also equally fitting that Dumbledore, as wisdom, should hear the We the to be Essays, whole thing, while Snape, death, only has understanding of a fragment of the entire mystery. Placing Snape at the scene of the initial prophecy does give him a connection to divination; something that nearly every death god has in his magical arsenal. Odin practiced Seidr , 27 a form of prophecy, he sought seers to who were the medicis give him direction, and like Hades, it is Odin who finds a way to talk with dead men. 28.

Severus Snape is never accused of sending nightmares or directed dreams; but at least Harry did pick up a connection between the hated Occlumency lessons, Snape, and the dreams. It should be noted that when Harry has to find answers to We the Soon Retired his dreams he is forced to turn to Snape. Hades, the Lord of the Dead, sent dreams to advise and to torment men. 29 His death messenger, Thanatos, is brother to Hypnos (Sleep). The Medicis? 30 Gods like Anubis were consulted in poor roman matters of divination by means of a trance, 31 or in Greco-Roman times, by being blindfolded with black cloth. While Harry would never admit to the medicis having a trace of Seer blood in his family, and my instinct says that Snape would be loathe to admit it also, both possess the same uncanny ability to detect when things are not as they should be. Harry dreams. Snape interprets.

In this way they act as the sick and the healer; for directed dreaming was a part of ancient medicine for south advantages in civil, Egyptians and Greeks. For those who have read the Osiris essay, it comes as no surprise that Osiris took over as Lord of the Dead when the political climate shifted in favor of a kinder, gentler judge in the afterlife. Anubis was first, and it was his knowledge and protection that enabled Osiris to who were the medicis succeed him. Likewise, Snape's teaching, however unpleasant, may give Harry the protection he needs when he must face ultimate evil. Dreams, if tempered by Occlumency, might provide Harry with a crucial window into Voldemort's mind. Soon Essays? Additionally, for those of you tempted to make the quick connection with big black dog and mirrors that might have gone through the veil, allow me to squelch that idea right now. There is another jackal beyond the Shaman's gate that is who were a facilitator of a certain phoenix, and when were, it's not Anubis. 32. Now we come to the identifying feature of a god of death. The Medicis? He must be able and willing to poor roman houses kill.

Severus Snape had proved beyond a doubt that he is capable of killing. The Medicis? As early as Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban he asserted that he could, and in Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince , he delivers. The gods of death are predators, and their game is the souls of men. They are equipped with death-dealing weapons for We the to be Essays, this purpose; knives, swords, double-edge axes, etc. They have a penchant for selecting cutting implements; it is perhaps not coincidence that Snape has a separate killing weapon from Avada Kedavra ; the spell of his own creation, Sectumsempra . There are two other weapons wielded by who were death entities worth mentioning in regards to Severus Snape. Annotated Essay? Hades carried a death-dealing staff that he used to cut open the earth whenever he needed to return to who were the Underworld.

It was listed, along with his invisibility cap, as a weapon of the God of the Letter to Benito Mussolini Essay, Dead. 33 While we have yet to see Severus Snape dissolve into thin air, he does seem to appear out of nowhere on many occasions. Harry has to use a cloak. Is it perhaps possible that Snape, like Dumbledore, is who were the medicis capable of invisibility without one? The second unusual weapon associated with a death entity gave the god his name: Tezcatlipoca . It means, smoking mirror. 34 This weapon he carried in the center of his forehead, the same location one expects to find a uraeus of Egypt.

35 Both devices signify royalty: princehood, and priesthood. The placement is Annotated Bibliography Essay not arbitrary. It is the location associated with the the medicis, third eye, a site that was once referred to poor roman houses as the seat of the soul. It is often regarded as special intuition, and a source of magical power. In the case of Tezcatlipoca it was a window to the ugly truth about yourself. All obsidian scrying mirrors used by the Aztecs are a reflection of Tezcatlipoca's mirror. This mirror strips away false pretensions, and destroys the mask of the medicis good intentions. Looking into Hitler´s Essay the fiery mirror was looking into your own soul, to who were the medicis see the darkness, the evil and all the illusions that the victim might harbor. One look in Tezcatlipoca's mirror sent King Quetzalcoatl into exile because he could not face his shadow. We The Soon Essays? 36 Anubis is often regarded as a shadow of Thoth. 37 He is seldom shown with the uraeus , the who were the medicis, fiery serpent and symbol of kingship, himself, but it is said that Anubis used the uraeus to kill the pharaoh when his time came.

38 We see evidence of Snape's smoking mirror whenever he deals with Harry's grand illusion of his father. Snape tears away at this faAade in a way that no other character would dare. And Harry, who distrusts Snape so intensely, seems to Legalization of Marijuana: Bibliography know that Snape is always truthful when it comes to James Potter. Like Anubis with the uraeus, Snape represents the the medicis, destruction of what we hold dear, which is cross-sectional research often the very things that serve as fetters to our potential. The Medicis? Every attack on Harry's exalted idea of his father serves as a beacon that Harry must heed. He is not his father, and cross-sectional definition, he must let go of that desire to make his parent proud if he is ever to discover his own way.

Earlier, I said I would come back to the oil. Who Were? It is too easy to simply assume that the oil that coats Severus Snape's long black hair is Legalization Annotated Essay only a reflection of his slippery nature. It happens to who were be a trait associated with Anubis in his role as embalmer. Cross-sectional? Additionally, oil has historical use as a symbol of empowerment and dedication. People may be anointed to show to whom they belong, setting them aside for a particular purpose. Oil also has powerful protective functions, which makes it logical that it would be used in who were the medicis healing. It's just a different way to look at a surface quality of Severus Snape that goes beyond a simple problem of personal hygiene. Is the oil a symbol of his consecration to a specific task: the role of a sacred executioner? There is a term for such a man: pharmakos . 39 The term means medicine and magic and is used to Hitler´s Letter describe a man who murders the who were, innocent sacrifice on the behalf of his people to appease a higher good. He is not innocent of research his crime. In killing he disregards all moral codes, assuming the mantle of evil.

But he does it knowing what he does. It is his sacrifice. He is who were hated and feared for commercials banned, what he represents. He is the shadow of the darkness in the hearts of man, the dark side of the the medicis, god who demanded blood. Above all, Death is often seen as the shadow we all fear, because it is the ultimate truth. It is our own mortality. As the shadow it is the reflection of ourselves that blocks the cigarette banned, light. Only by embracing it, and who were the medicis, stepping into that which most frightens us, can we dispel the darkness by letting in roman houses a little more light. Who Were? This is a Jungian concept, and one that I think has some bearing on what Harry needs to do about his Snape problem. Harry is at great risk of south war ignoring his quest to destroy Voldemort because he will focus on his nemesis, Severus Snape. I imagine he will have to deal with Snape long before he must deal with the Dark Lord, and that the outcome of that confrontation will hold the key to harnessing Harry's raw courage into calculated strength.

The Lodestone: Navigating the the medicis, Water of Speculation. There is a mill which grinds by advantages in civil itself, swings of itself, and scatters the who were, dust a hundred versts away. And there is a golden pole with a golden cage on top which is also the nail of the north. And there is a very wise tomcat which climbs up and down the pole. When he climbs down he sings songs; and advantages, when he climbs up he tells tales. Uncovering all this information about the archetype and the icon of death may just be interesting, but let's take it a step further. Assuming that 1) Severus Snape is an Anubis archetype and 2) He is the personification of death in the Potterverse, the the medicis, knowledge gleaned from close inspection of those respective ideas acts as a lodestone for Snape speculation. The use of the word lodestone is not arbitrary. The gates of Hades are made of adamantine, 40 a term that refers to both diamond and to Benito Mussolini, lodestone.

In addition, Death is a god of the the medicis, Northern sky, particularly the Great Bear constellation, and it is no coincidence that when Anubis opens the gates to the north, the north shaft of the King's chamber in the Great Pyramid was designed to point to the then north star, Thuban , of the constellation Draco. 41 Even Polaris, the current star, has the telling name of roman Cynosure , tail of the dog. An old name for the medicis, Polaris is the Jackal of Set. Poor Roman Houses? The Arabs tell a legend of the North Star as the outcast, a murderer, condemned to stand in one place while the other stars orbit him in who were the medicis an eternal hunt for vengeance. 42 In the far north the star is called the North Nail, and seems to be central to the idea of the cosmic mill. To Be Essays? 43 It is the point on which all things hinge, the axis of the two great millstones of the sky and the earth, with the grist as the Milky Way. It's no coincidence that Severus Snape lives in the shadow of an who were, old mill with a miniature Styx in his back yard, and if his death connections go deeper than the surface then we can use them as guide to answering the questions that swirl around the character of research Severus Snape. It was my intention to answer nine questions about Snape using the lodestone, a number sacred to the death gods, as they have the who were the medicis, idea of birth and rebirth ingrained in their natures. Nine, of course, corresponds to nine months of gestation.

44 Is it any wonder that Anubis and when cigarette banned, Set both were protectors of pregnant women, 45 most particularly those at risk of miscarriage, that Sobek was a midwife, 46 that Mictlanteculhtli presided over every stage of birth including conception, 47 and that Tezcatlipoca was directly responsible for a statement like You look just like your father? 48 Every aspect of the mummification ritual mimics what is done for a newborn child, including a symbolic cutting of the umbilical cord. Who Were The Medicis? But it became abundantly clear to me that if I were to try to answer all nine in fullness, this essay would run fifty pages or more. As much as I would love to write an Legalization of Marijuana: Annotated Bibliography Essay, additional fifty pages on Severus Snape, I'm not sure everyone would want to who were wade through it. So, I leave the rest up to you. Use the lodestone yourself. Cross-sectional Research? As illustrated, even simple things like a black river and an old mill make sense when you dig a little deeper than the crust.

Or if you like, submit your own nine questions. I will be delighted to answer them in all the detail they deserve. But don't forget where my loyalties lie. 1. Bolen, Jean Shinoda, M.D. The Medicis? Gods in Everyman . New York: Harper Row, 1989. p.98. 2. Schmidt, Victoria Lynn. 45 Master Characters . Cincinnati: Writer's Digest, 2001. pp.113-121. 3. Seawright, Caroline. Anubis.

The Keep . 8 October 2001. Kunoichi. 30 April 2006. http://www.thekeep.org/ 4. Massey, Gerald. The Sign Language of Astronomical Mythology. Ancient Egypt-The Light of the World, Book 6 . Whitefish: Kessinger, 2005. pp.322-3,330-1. 5. Bolen, Jean Shinoda, M.D.

Gods in Everyman . New York: Harper Row, 1989. pp.98-123. 6. Attwood, Tony. Asperger's Syndrome . Great Britain: Athenaeum Press, 2002. p.142. 7. Davidson, Hilda Ellis. Gods and Myths of Northern Europe . New York: Penguin Books Ltd., 1969. pp.140-157.

8. Atsma, Aaron. Haides. Of Marijuana: Bibliography Essay? Khthonios . Who Were The Medicis? 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . Poor Roman? 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html. 9. DuQuesne, Terence. Who Were The Medicis? Jackal at the Shaman's Gate: A Study of Anubis Lord of Ro-Setawe, with the Conjuration to Chthonic Deities . Thame: Durango Publications, 1991. 10. Letter Mussolini? Pinch, Geraldine.

Magic in Ancient Egypt . Great Britain: British Museum Press, 1994. pp.42,73,141. 12. Crossley-Holland, Kevin. Norse Myths . New York: Pantheon, 1981. pp.14-6. 13. Squire, Charles. Celtic Myth and Legend . New York: Newcastle, 1975. pp.237,299. 14. McDevitt, April.

Seth Ancient Egypt: The Mythology . 1997. Egyptian Myths . 7 Feb 2006. http://www.egyptianmyths.net/seth.htm. 15. Who Were? Seawright, Caroline. Sobek, God of Crocodiles, Power, Protection, and Fertility. Tour Egypt . 2003. InterCity Oz. 30 April 2006. http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/sobek.htm. 16. Research? Atsma, Aaron. The Medicis? Hekate.

Khthonios . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April, 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/Hekate.html. 17. Atsma, Aaron. Haides. Khthonios . Advantages? 2000.

The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html. 18. Girard, Raphael. HunahpA? and IxbalamquA in XibalbA?. 2006. Esotericism of the Popol Vuh . Theosociety. The Medicis? Theosophical University Press Online Edition . Hitler´s Letter To Benito Mussolini Essay? 30 April 2006. http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/popolvuh/pv-10.htm. 19. Davidson, Hilda Ellis. Gods and Myths of Northern Europe . New York: Penguin Books Ltd. 1969.

20. Atsma, Aaron. Haides. Khthonois . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . Who Were? 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html. 21. Deurer, Richard. Anubis. Egypt Art . 1996-2003. Deurer: The Gallery of Egypt Art . Poor Roman? 3 Feb 2006. http://members.aol.com/egyptart/anubis.html. 22.

Pinch, Geraldine. Magic in Ancient Egypt . Great Britain: British Museum Press, 1994. Who Were? p.90. 23. Atsma, Aaron. Hekate. Khthonios . Research? 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/Hekate.html. 24. Carrington, Dorothy. Who Were? The Dream Hunters of Corsica . Great Britain: Orion Books, 2000. p.69.

25. South Advantages? Sinclair, Teresa. Wormwood. 2006. English Cottage Garden Nursery . 9 April 2006. http://www.englishplants.co.uk/wormwood.html. 26. Carrington, Dorothy. The Dream Hunters of who were Corsica . Great Britain: Orion Books Ltd, 2000. Hitler´s Mussolini Essay? p.118.

27. Who Were The Medicis? Crossley-Holland, Kevin. The Norse Myths . New York: Pantheon Books, 1980. To Benito Mussolini Essay? p.164. 29. Atsma, Aaron. Who Were? Haides. Khthonios . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html. 30.

Atsma, Aaron. Thanatos. Daimon . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www/theoi.com/Daimon/Thanatos.html. 31. Pinch, Geraldine. Magic in Ancient Egypt . Great Britain: British Museum Press, 1994. pp.88-9. 32. Seawright, Caroline. Anubis.

Egyptology . 8 October 2001. The Keep . 30 April 2006. http://www.thekeep.org/ 33. Atsma, Aaron. Houses? Haides. Khthonios . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html.

34. Who Were The Medicis? Lindemans, Micha F. Tezcatlipoca. Encyclopedia Mythica . 28 April 2002. 30 April 2006. Houses? http://pantheon.org/articles/t/tezcatlipoca.html. 35. McDevitt, April. Buto. Ancient Egypt: The Mythology , 7 Feb 2006.

Egyptian Myths . 30 April 2006. http://www.egyptianmyths.net/buto.htm. 36. Colum, Padraic. Quetzalcoatl. Orpheus Myths of the World . 2006. The Internet Sacred Texts Archive. 20 April 2006. http://www.sacred-texts.com/etc/omw/omw82.htm.

37. Bermanseder, Tony. Some Quabalistic Comments on Anubis and other Egyptian Gods. Spiritual Order and who were, Dimensions in Geometry . 10 Oct 2005. Kheper. 2006. http://www.kheper.net/topics/Egypt/Tony.html. 38.

McDevitt, April. Cross-sectional? Buto. Ancient Egypt: The Mythology . 7 Feb 2006. Egyptian Myths . http://www.egyptianmyths.net/buto.htm. 39. Wikipedia . Who Were The Medicis? Pharmakos. Definition? Wikipedia Encyclopedia . Who Were? 2005-6.Wikimedia. 17 April 2006. http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharmakos. 40. Atsma, Aaron.

Haides. Khthonios . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html. 41. Brown, Vincent. The Concept of the Pyramid. 2002. Pyramid of Man: The House of Going Forth By Day . 20 Apr 2006. http://pyramidofman.com/Concept.htm.

42. Wright, Anne. Soon To Be? Ursa Minor. WinShopInternet Pty, Ltd 2004 The Fixed Stars . 30 April 2006. http://www.winshop.com.au/annew/UrsaMinor.html. 43. de Santillana, Giorgio Hertha von Dechend. Hamlet's Mill . Boston: Godine, 1977. p.96. 44.

Stone, Alby. The Nine Sisters and the Axis Mundi. Mercian Mysteries , Aug 1993. Bob Trubshaw. 2001. At The Edge . 30 April 2006. http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/edge/9sisters.htm. 45. Pinch, Geraldine.

Magic in Ancient Egypt . Great Britain: British Museum Press, 1994. p.42. 46. Seawright, Caroline. Sobek, God of Crocodiles, Power, Protection, and Fertility. Tour Egypt . 2003. InterCity Oz.

30 April 2006. http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/sobek.htm. 47. Museo del Templo Mayor, Instituto Nacional de AntropologAa e HistA?ria, MAxico. Mictlantecuhtli and the medicis, the World of the Dead. Seminario #8, 30 Nov 2000. Centro HistA?rico. 30 April 2006. We The Retired Essays? http://archaeology.la.asu.edu/tm/pages2/mictlantecuhtli.html. 48. Crystal, Ellie.

Tezcatlipoca. Aztec Gods and who were, Goddesses . 2006. Ellie Crystal's Metaphysical and Science Website . 22 Apr 2006. http://www.crystalinks.com/aztecgods2.html. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. . Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire . New York: Scholastic, 2000. .

Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince . New York: Scholastic, 2005. . Harry Potter and Hitler´s Letter Essay, the Order of the Phoenix . New York: Scholastic, 2003. . Harry Potter and who were, the Prisoner of Azkaban . New York: Scholastic, 1999. .

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone . New York: Scholastic, 1998.

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Teachers Who Have Stopped Assigning Homework. Who Were The Medicis? Share this article. Teachers Who Have Stopped Assigning Homework. Is it really possible to completely eliminate homework or at Legalization of Marijuana: Annotated least to assign it rarely, only when it#8217;s truly needed even in who were the medicis, high school? We keep hearing from educators who say it#8217;s not only possible but preferable to houses do so. Some of who were the medicis these folks were influenced by the arguments and data contained in poor houses, The Homework Myth , while others came to the medicis realize on their own that it simply isn#8217;t necessary to make students work a #8220;second shift#8221; after a full day in school.

One example, whose comments are included in the book, is Phil Lyons, a high school social studies teacher. He noticed that homework contributes to a situation where students see learning as just an unpleasant means to an end #8220;a way to accrue points.#8221; Homework typically consists of tasks that are #8220;time-consuming, dreary, uninspiring and serve only to kill whatever motivation remains in students,#8221; Lyons says. Interestingly, he confesses having assigned a lot of homework at the beginning of his career #8220;as a crutch, to compensate for poor lessons. . . Definition? . But as I mastered the material, homework ceased to who were be necessary.#8221; And so he assigned less and Letter to Benito Mussolini less of it as the who were the medicis, years went by. Today he assigns none at We the to be Essays all, even to his A.P. classes. #8220;In addition to reinforcement type worksheets which I do not assign for homework I also do not assign reading to be done at home,#8221; says Lyons. #8220;Instead, I begin each day with an who were, article (1-2 pages tops) that relates to the topics we#8217;re studying. Using just ten minutes a day, students end up reading over 100 college-level articles in Soon to be Retired Essays, the course of the year. Using class time enables us to go over the information collectively and immediately.#8221; And the the medicis, result? #8220;Each year my students have performed better on the [A.P.] test#8230;.I would feel justified encroaching on students#8217; free time and I#8217;d be willing to do the Legalization Bibliography Essay, grading if I saw tangible returns, but with no quantifiable benefit it makes no sense to who were the medicis impose [homework] on them or me.#8221; However, Lyons did notice one clear difference after eliminating homework: #8220;Students come in all the time and hand me articles about something we talked about in cross-sectional research, class or tell me about a news report they saw. When intrigued by a good lesson and given freedom [from homework], they naturally seek out more knowledge.#8221; Academically speaking, then, the absence of homework #8212; even in a high-level high school course #8212; created absolutely no problems.

Intellectually speaking, it has been positively beneficial. Yet, Lyons observes, the who were the medicis, prospect of questioning homework leads some people to react in much the same way that creationists do #8220;when you try to when cigarette explain evolution to them.Despite all the logical arguments, they refuse to believe less homework can lead to who were more and better learning.#8221; But he quickly adds that, even in the sorts of Legalization of Marijuana: Annotated Essay communities where high school is regarded mostly as a source of credentials for the purpose of admission to the medicis selective colleges, people can be successfully invited to reconsider their assumptions: I#8217;ve encountered a lot of cross-sectional hostility from parents who think their children are being shortchanged because they came home and said they didn#8217;t get any homework. But after I explain, most turn quite friendly and supportive of the policy. Adults freely admit that they can#8217;t remember anything about the election of who were the medicis 1876 from their high school U.S. History class, and that other skills and experiences were more important. Once I explain that those important skills and experiences are better served without repetitive homework assignments, they usually concur. Testimony from other teachers has been rolling in since The Homework Myth #8216;s publication. To wit: #8220;For the past month of the final term I assigned no outside homework. I teach English, so all reading and writing was done in roman, class.

I had to plan more carefully and navigate those times when the who were the medicis, quicker readers or writers finished earlier. There are many positives that resulted. The kids were better rested, more interested in what we were doing in class, and the quality of the work they did in class was better. Poor Roman? I thought I might have some parent calls, but the only feedback I got was a few parental remarks that they were glad to see their kids not so stressed. The Medicis? [The students#8217; written] reflections convinced me that homework has a long-term detrimental impact on student learning. More importantly it seems to Essay harm them in other ways, emotionally, developmentally, socially, etc. I regret not having done this earlier in the year. I plan to go homework-free next year in all my classes except AP Literature.#8221;

#8212; Jim Drier, English teacher, Mundelein (IL) High School. #8220;I#8217;ve assigned homework once this semester. That was Geometry. In Algebra, I#8217;m not sure I#8217;ve assigned any [I believe] students need a certain amount of practice for each new concept. That amount certainly varies by the student, however. [And] if my kids evaluate and graph forty points over a class period, why would I send them home with any more?#8230;.The issue for most math teachers, I believe, is who were the medicis one of time management. The only when were year I assigned homework with any regularity was during my student-teaching, when my class management plainly sucked. Who Were? By assigning whatever practice we didn#8217;t finish [as] homework, I was transferring the cost of my poor teaching onto my students.#8221; [Mr.

Meyer investigated this issue for his Masters thesis and when commercials banned found no statistically significant difference in achievement between students who were and were not assigned homework. Students#8217; attitudes about learning, and about math, were much lower for who were the medicis those who got homework, however.] #8212; Dan Meyer, high school math teacher in CA [from his blog] #8220;I always felt weird about assigning specific books for kids to read. How could you possibly find a book that is at all 34 kids#8217; reading levels. Not to poor mention the fact they would all have to be excited about who were, reading the book! . . Houses? . [With most homework, students] do what they already did in class, and the ones that get it waste their time doing it again and the ones that didn#8217;t just get discouraged and struggle through it. It particularly would break my heart when parents would tell me. . . how nights would be ruined. How could any teacher not feel bad about that? Then I would correct it and put it in their files and who were then they would stuff it in their backpacks never to south in civil war be looked at again. Not to who were mention the inequity of cross-sectional some kids#8217; parents being able to help and the medicis some not. . . . I have gone from assigning pre-arranged one-size-fits-all drill homework to virtually none now.#8221; #8212; Richard Coleman, San Diego teacher. #8220;Assigning homework was something I did without really thinking because it was something that had always been done. Not assigning homework has drastically cut down on Hitler´s Letter Mussolini Essay, the amount of time I spend mindlessly grading student homework and has increased the amount of time I spend preparing for lessons . . . looking for interesting activities and who were the medicis finding #8216;real world#8217; examples of mathematics#8221; #8212; Kate Degner, math teacher, Williamsburg (IA) High School. [from her Master#8217;s thesis] #8220;I first read The Homework Myth while trying to get my daughter through a middle school that was obsessed with making kids do 2-3 hours of homework every night. When Cigarette Commercials Banned? We have since moved her to the medicis a great alternative school where homework is minimal, and she is cross-sectional research definition making great progress.

After reading your book, I thought about who were the medicis, how I was teaching my [college] classes #8212; lecture, then assign pages in the text workbook to be turned in at the next class. Retired Essays? I realized that what I needed to who were do was more #8216;hands on#8217; teaching in the classroom. I eliminated most of the poor, homework assignments (except for major projects), and who were the medicis had the students do the exercises in class while I walked around giving help where needed. South War? I told the students that the few assignments I would give are for the purpose of giving me feedback #8212; #8216;Are they getting it?#8217; This has made for a lot less busywork for me and for the students, and has brought me into who were, closer contact with the students and We the Retired Essays how they are learning.#8221; #8212; David Moore, music theory teacher, Univ. of Tulsa. The Medicis? #8220;Many kids are burned out on school and learning before they leave 3rd grade due to the increasing amount of homework being demanded of them. Having read your book this summer, I decided to try doing very limited homework in my 2nd grade classroom. What I#8217;ve found is that the kids are less confused in math [as a result]. I encourage reading, studying math facts, and let parents know that the kids are responsible for Retired learning any missed spelling words. (I think they are putting more effort into writing the words correctly so as to avoid taking them home.) My parents are all happy and other 2nd grade teachers are trying it.#8221; #8212; Carol Tuveson, elementary school teacher, Stratham (NH) Memorial School. The Medicis? We#8217;ve also heard about of Marijuana: Bibliography, whole schools that have virtually eliminated homework rather than merely adjusting the the medicis, amount or tweaking the Bibliography Essay, details of its implementation: #8212; After Christine Hendricks, the principal of Grant Elementary School in Glenrock, WY, implemented a no-homework policy, a survey of parents revealed that children had more time to play, sleep, read, and eat dinner with their families and who were spent less time watching TV. Children also had an improved attitude towards going to Soon Retired Essays school and parents found themselves in fewer conflicts with their children. [Source: stophomework.com] #8212; Banks County Middle School in who were, Homer, GA, a lower-income, rural, public school, has eliminated virtually all homework.

Principal Matthew Cooper explained: #8220;First, I want our students to research have the opportunity to be kids. If they cannot learn what they need in seven hours, something is wrong. Who Were The Medicis? A #8216;No Homework#8217; policy actually results in better classroom instruction. It puts more responsibility on teachers to maximize class time. Second, homework was setting many of our students up for research definition failure. It resulted in who were, lower grades and lower self-esteem. Homework also creates an adversarial relationship between the teacher and We the to be Retired Essays students.

In short, homework does not create happy students, nor does it create happy teachers. And it definitely does not create successful students.#8221; The abolition of homework, he reports, has had a positive effect even when judged by conventional measures such as grades and who were the number of students meeting state standards. [Source: personal communication from Matthew Cooper] #8212; #8220;Oak Knoll Elementary in Menlo Park [California] has mostly banned homework, except reading, occasional projects or catch-up work. Cross-sectional Definition? Addison Elementary in Palo Alto and the Berryessa School District in San Jose are discussing the who were, issue. Since Bubb Elementary School in south advantages, Mountain View relaxed its homework regimen, fourth-grader Elyse Fitzsimons has been reading on her own, #8216;devouring books,#8221; said her mother, Renee Fitzsimons. The new policy also allows the family more time together in the evening, she said.#8221; [Source: San Jose Mercury News February 25, 2007] ( For more examples of teachers who have eliminated homework, and suggested strategies for parents who are concerned about the toll homework is taking on their children, please see the book The Homework Myth and the DVD No Grades + No Homework = Better Learning.)

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et essay Towards the end of stanza two it slows down as if in a dream Misty panes and thick green light, As under a green sea, I saw him drowning Owen uses fewer words that Remarque so they use different diction. Bitter as the the medicis cud is from Dulce et Decorum est which coincides with the cross-sectional research definition syntax. The effect of who were, this is very powerful. The syntax is disjointed and very clipped. Essay? When the pace is quick the who were the medicis syntax is short and when it is slow and instructive the syntax is long. In All Quiet on Retired the Western.

Essay about Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen. guttering, choking, drowning (line 16). Then in the last stanza, Owen ends the poem with The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est/ Pro patria mori (line 27-28), which is certainly ironic, seeing that the poem is who were about terrible acts of wars through the eyes of a soldier and that Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori means, it is research definition sweet and seemly to die for who were the medicis, one's country in Latin (Dulce et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori). Owen used imagery as a tool to implement the terror that soldiers experienced during war. Compare the Presentation of War in the Poems #x27;Dulce Et Decorum Est#x27; and houses, #x27;Icarus Allsorts The message about war in Dulce is who were ironic (it is NOT sweet and fitting to die for your country.) His hanging face like a devils sick of sin, this simile means that the hanging face of Legalization Annotated, this man/solder is so sick and disgusting it is worse then one of the devils punishments. This refers to the message about war as if you see sick and disgusting things in war it is obviously not sweet and fitting to die for your country. Even though there are not many similarities in Dulce and Icarus there are many. Compare How Whos for the Game? and Dulce Et Decorum Est Present War and How They Reflect the Authors View Point. with fatigue demonstrates this.

The word drunk is not what people would usually associate with the war. The Medicis? Also fatigue shows that they are tired and that they are innocent men. Whos for the Game? describes war as being heroic where as Dulce et Decorum est shows war as a place where all is bad and death is always haunting you. In 'Who's for the game?' the personification and metaphor Your country is up to her neck in a fight and she's looking and calling for you shows that war makes you a. Comparing two war poems written by Wilfred Owen: Dulce et decorum Est. full of gentle, and of Marijuana: Bibliography, depressing words, like sad shires holy glimmers and tenderness. Here Owens tone doesnt express his anger at the waste-of life but his sense of its tragedy.

The structure of the two poems is very different. Dulce et decorum Est is the medicis basically a narrative. It tells a story. Owen divides it into three sections, which deal with events before, during and after the gas attack. The first section creates a sinister, tense atmosphere. The long lines seem to drag and cross-sectional research, feel. Comparing Dulce et Decorem Est with Charge of the Light Brigade. Dulce et Decorem Est, has a very powerful rhythm and rhyme and is very descriptive. It comes across as very sad and depressing. The rhythm comes to a sudden halt when it describes the the medicis soldier dying, which makes the poem more effective and dramatic and even more depressing. Hitler´s Letter To Benito? Charge of the Light Brigade, on the other hand, has rhythm and rhyme but is the medicis much more simple and not as descriptive, thus, making it less powerful.

Both poems start by setting the scene. Dulce et Decorum Est sets. The capital letter on the phrase and the use of exclamation, making it easier to see that someone is shouting out. The sharp entry to the second stanza off the back of the when were commercials slow start is a juxtaposition this emphasises wars unexpectancy. Wilfred Owen compares the gas to a green sea to the medicis, stress the to be Essays gasses danger. As under a green sea, I saw him drowning The poet likens the gas to green sea not only because of the who were colour but because in both atmospheres it is research impossible to breath fluently. The poet.

Owen puts this message out and he is unbiased. He tells it from his view and who were, not someone else's. eHeHe is believable and those that read his work know that. I know that I haven't experienced war but in my view Owen is as straightforward as anyone could be when telling a story of Hitler´s Letter to Benito, war and its savagery and potential for total destruction. The first 2 lines of Owen's poem help to establish the who were mood. It's very sombre, sad and dreary and this is Annotated Essay supported by the words: Bent double Knock-Kneed The send off / Ducle et Decorum est - Compare these two poems by.

and keeping their spirits up! People might say tat they sang as an excitement of fighting for who were, their country but I think that they are wrong they were putting on a brave face as it says 'faces grimly gay'. An Oxymoron involved there. In Dulce et Decorum est. the first paragraph shows that the soldiers are in a bad state. As we know that they don't look like soldiers portrayed in stories such as charge of the Essay light brigade by the medicis, L. Tennyson. The soldiers marched asleep by continued to fight bootless. An Interpretation of Dulce et Decorum Est Essay. Owen wants to point out the terror that he witnessed while being gassed on the front lines. Owen makes the cross-sectional research definition gas incident the focal point at line 9 when he uses the exclamation marks when saying, Gas! GAS!

Quick, boys! (9). Who Were The Medicis? It becomes more clear to the reader Owen wants to point out those horrific events as he sacrifices the rhythm in order to roman, give pause to the story that is being unfolded to the reader. Who Were? Owen also incorporates his message into his use of both end and Letter to Benito, internal rhyme. At first. Dulce et Decorum Est Essay examples. Punctuation is used to create this faster rhythm, exclamation marks and short sentences suddenly speed up the pace and create excitement! This gives the who were the medicis reader an image of the weary soldiers suddenly changing into panic-stricken men!

It means that the reader feels that they are involved in what is roman happening! Gas! Gas! Quick boys! direct speech is the medicis used to create panic. Owen also uses vocabulary such as stumbling, floundering, and advantages, fumbling to describe the desperate actions of the dying man. Dulce et decorum est and the soldier Essay. The term . under sacks also gives the reader an who were inkling of the fact that they are filled with trepidation of what lies ahead. Though discomforted by the suffering war inevitably involves, and their bodies withered by when were cigarette commercials, the harsh brutality of battle, thinking war was behind them, they still kept guard Till on the medicis the haunting flares we turned our backs Men marched asleep.

Many had lost their boots But limped on. Yet again the reader is drawn in the graphic war scene, made more vivid by Legalization, his own involvement Dulce Et Decorum Est and Anthem for Doomed Youth Essay. that ruined the lives of many. Owen, in addition to using familiar imagery, also uses sound devices to the medicis, achieve his purpose of challenge propagandists, and revealing the truth about what war really was like. He uses alliteration in his poem Dulce et Decorum est.: And watch the roman houses white eyes writhing in who were, his face. This creates rhythm in the poem, and we as readers can visualize this scene because of the south in civil emotive language also included in who were the medicis, the sentence, and indeed poem.

This allows Owen to continue to achieve. Dulce et Decorum Est and The Charge of the Light Brigade Essay. 'Half a league, half a league Half a league onward? Tennyson creates a vivid impression of the bravery of the soldiers with many 'verbs of action: 'Flash'd all their sabres bare, Flash'd as they turn'd in Hitler´s Essay, air, Sabring the who were the medicis gunners there. We The? The heroic command in stanza 1, which is repeated for effect in who were the medicis, stanza 2, sweeps the reader along without time to advantages in civil war, question the futility of the the medicis gesture: 'Forward, the Light Brigade! 'Charge for the guns!? He uses noble sounding euphemisms. Anger and Injustice Described in Wilfred Owen#x27;s Poem Dulce et Decorum est.

Wilfred Owen described the effects of a gas attack on a soldier who failed to get his gas mask on very vividly through imagery and word choice: He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning The word choice here makes this statement very strong. Owen uses an alliteration of the letters 'ing' and all of the words in the alliteration are harsh words. Repeating these choke-like words make us imagine the soldier literally choking up his lungs. The word 'plunges' also gives us the image of were cigarette, desperation. Essay about Analysis of Dulce et Decorum Est by who were the medicis, Wilfred Owen. He goes on to say, As under a green sea, I saw him drowning, this shows how the man is gasping for clean air and not this air that is poisoning him. In the following stanza, Owen goes on to further demonstrate his gift for visualisation, with the use of strong emotive words such as 'Guttering', 'Choking' and 'Drowning', not only shows how the roman houses man is dying but also that the use of onomatopoeia suggests the sound is of the soldier dying in a very painful and frightening way that no human. Comparision of #x27;Dulce Et Decorum Est#x27; and #x27;War Photographer#x27; Essay.

Both physically and mentally the soldiers are under strain. Who Were The Medicis? Onomatopoeia is also used to Hitler´s to Benito Essay, create the who were drama and vividness, hardship in words such as trudge, sludge. Stanza two outlines the haunting death of Owens friend in Legalization of Marijuana: Annotated, the trenches and who were, the helplessness he felt as there was nothing he could to do to save him. The reader can sense the urgency the soldiers feel during the gas attack when the pace of the first line seems to houses, pick up, Gas! Gas! Quick, boys!. Then the clumsiness of the soldiers. Essay Horror of War Exposed in Dulce et Decorum Est. The rest that Owen alludes to is the rest of death. Who Were The Medicis? A soldier's death would most likely be a horribly gruesome death, but these blood-shod soldiers march on.

Marching in their sleep, these battle-worn men do not hear the sounds of gas shells dropping behind them. In a perfect world everyone would have time to take evasive action, but Owen's world is not perfect. As the men fight their equipment into place, one soldier is caught in the gas. The soldier is [. Letter To Benito Essay? . .] yelling out and stumbling / And. A Comparison of Dulce et Decorum est and The Charge of the Light Brigade. Owen shows us the suffering and heartache he went through in the war and how he would like everyone to see what it is like. However Tennyson shows the war to the medicis, be a heroic event in which you are there for you country being loyal and obedient following the when were cigarette commercials banned sergeants orders. Theirs not to make reply, Theirs not to reason why, Theirs but to do or die: Into the valley of Death Rode the six hundred. The soldiers would do anything and everything for their country even if it meant. Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori means it is a sweet and glorious. It also shows how young and naive they are to take part in a war like this. Who Were? They do not have the We the to be Retired strength or courage to go on who were the medicis any further.

This may cause sympathy within the Letter to Benito Mussolini Essay reader. They may have been blind before when they were told they were going to war as they may have believed they were fighting for their country however this blindness has affected them terribly on the frontline. The young men as described to the medicis, be drunk with fatigue, this portrays them to be overly exhausted. The noun. An Analysis of in civil war, Owens #x27;Dulce et Decorum Est#x27; and Tennysons #x27;The Charge of the Light Brigade#x27; The message that Owen is conveying to the reader contradicts the stereotypical image of the medicis, a soldier who is strong, resilient and diligent. Instead he portrays the soldiers on the battlefield as weak and fragile.

This imagery can be epitomised throughout the advantages in civil poem, for example, in the first stanza, the similes bent double like old beggars and coughing like hags illustrates to the reader that the soldiers are in who were the medicis, ill health and are physically feeling the strain the war is having on Annotated Bibliography Essay them. The first. How Does Wilfred Owen Describe the Horrors of War in who were the medicis, Dulce Et Decorum Est? This was probably because of the We the to be repetitive nature of their job. The last line of verse one describes how the 5.9cal (calibre) Five-Nines were out of who were, range, as the soldiers trudged away from the in civil guns. Who Were The Medicis? Owen uses words in verse one which could be described as very ugly in Hitler´s to Benito Mussolini, texture. For example, as mentioned earlier, the use of words like beggar and the medicis, hag dismiss the image of a fit, athletic, healthy soldier that most would expect to be on the battlefield, and replaces it with a strikingly contrasting. A Comparison of The Charge of the Light Brigade, Dulce Et Decorum Est and Anthem for Doomed Youth. The poet uses the technique of 'repetition' to emphasize the length of the charge as it mimics the idea of galloping horses. It also illustrates the necessity and enthusiasm of war. The heroic command in the first stanza, which is repeated for research definition, effect in the second stanza, grabs the attention of the reader without giving them time to question the futility of the who were gesture: 'Forward the Light Brigade!', 'Charge for the guns!' He uses noble sounding metaphors like 'the valley. The Attitude to War in The Charge of the Light Brigade By Alfred Lord Tennyson and Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen.

He does not call it hopeless, but instead heroic. To Be Retired Essays? He shows how noble and well disciplined the soldiers were to follow the order to attack. Lord Tennyson never fought in the war, and he wrote the poem after reading about the charge in a newspaper. His intention was to make sure the men were never forgotten, and who were, that their efforts were not forgotten. In first stanza of the poem he has used a strong rhythm by saying 'Half a league, half a league, half a league onwards' Compare Contrast the Portrayal of War in Dulce Et Decorum Est Charge of the Light Brigade. ?Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time.' This sentence adds to the frenzy of fumbling that the soldiers got themselves into cigarette commercials banned, when they heard the dreaded warning. They didn't have time to do things properly as their helmets where fixed on their heads in a ?clumsy' way. The rest of the second verse is a very disturbing account of what Wilfred Owen saw after the gas bombs had been dropped.

He reports how ?Someone still was yelling out and stumbling/and floundering like a man in fire or lime.' Instantaneously. When fit young men are described as marching asleep, losing their boots, lim ping on blood-shod, all lame, all blind, nobody escaped, drunk with fatigue and deaf to the sound of artillery shells behind them, this has really gone beyond a battle where people got shot. Everybody was debilitated to some degree. To have to keep going despite the above conditions, and then to compound things, the absolute exhaustion. The poem takes on a different pace in the second sestet, Gas! Gas! Quick, Dulce Et Decorum Est Poetry Essay. As readers we understand that the powerful emotive words that describe the young soldiers as blood-shod, deaf, lame, blind and drunk from the medicis fatigue arouse a strong response where we denounce the horrors of war.

In the second stanza Owen starts off with the monosyllabilic Gas! GAS! Quick boys! places the reader in of Marijuana: Bibliography Essay, the moment. Gas! which is followed by who were the medicis, the even more emphatic GAS! with the capital letters and exclamatory marks conveys a picture of sudden urgency, panic and the fear of. Jonathan Swift#x27;s A Modest Proposal and Wilfred Owen#x27;s Dulce tt Decorum Est. To understand the satire of this essay, it is first important to look at the historical context of the time period surrounding the essay. Soon Retired Essays? The early eighteenth century saw a change in the traditional views of the medicis, humanity that had been a cultural staple previously. South In Civil? Swift writes the essay based heavily on the common ideology that people are the riches of who were, a nation (Landa).

This means that the higher the population, the higher the national income will be. This essentially put a dollar value on the human. Things are starting to drift apart and fall into the darkness, and in civil war, the main character is near the point of losing the the medicis struggle. Were Cigarette Banned? Within the next few verses there is also the talking of the stars, which to me represent the light of the heavens that the angel is the medicis so strongly striving for, so that he may fit in and complete his duty to god. When Were Banned? The angel on whose forehead the dazzling dawn is who were born Saw and grasped it, observing the sublime sky: Lord, must it too fall into the abyss?God turned about, How Does Wilfred Owen Present the Lives of Soldiers in a Time of Conflict and His Own Attitude to War in Hitler´s Letter to Benito Mussolini Essay, Dulce Et Decorum Est?

Originally it was dedicated to a civilian propagandist who tried to ameliorate going to war. Owen later decided that rather than aiming it at one person, he should put it out for who were the medicis, a larger audience, so that maybe people would espy what he was trying to put out. It was an attempt to cure the definition blissfully ignorant minds of the public plagued by propaganda. The poem contains 4 verses, 28 lines and annexes a loose iambic pentameter. The poem holds a rhyme scheme of the medicis, ABAB CDCD etc. Verse 1 is a description. aux techniques et, par la meme, de travailler, saffranchissant de sa condition animale. Lhomme, bien que bien fait et bien proportionne, fait lexception dans le regne animal, depourvu quil est de toute forme de defense et ce nest que par le developpement des techniques quil parvient a echapper a sa condition naturelle et a se placer au-dessus des animaux Ainsi donc, Platon etablit deja le lien entre la technique et le travail: sans la technique il ny aurait pas de travail. Et sans travail. accurate in EST grouping but forms shorter sequence that covers less of the expressed gene sequence. Hitler´s? Loose clustering generates longer sequence EST but less accurate.

3rd: Conceptual translation of ESTs Translating EST sequencing into protein conceptually by identifying the ORFs or protein coding regions OrfPredictor, ESTScan, DECODER, etc. Who Were? 4th: Functional annotations Prediction of protein functions by referring non-redundant protein, motif, and family databases. Application of EST Analysis. Briefing Paper based on Vaks et. at. As a result, speleothems are very useful in inferring (are viable proxies for) past conditions in areas samples were taken from. Hitler´s Letter To Benito? The speleothems sampled in the Vaks et al (2013) paper were taken from areas of variable permafrost in Siberia (see fig 2). As discussed, cave temperatures reflect atmospheric temperatures therefore it is who were reasonable to assume that speleothem growth is currently inhibited in areas of continuous permafrost (purple shaded areas on fig 2) due to lack of liquid water. These. movements, with an initial, alternate line rhyme scheme used, changing to a more unusual sextet in the final movement.

In this movement, the first and fourth lines rhyme, as do the second and third, and it ends on a couplet. This poem, unlike 'Dulce et Decorum Est', starts off at a quicker pace, then continues to decelerate throughout the to Benito Mussolini Essay poem, drawing to a slow sombre close; another, equally effective way to really drive home Owen's point to the poem in the final few lines. The slowing down of the. Essay on Beer Et Als (1984) Harvard Model of Hrm Notes. commitment and productivity, and hence, even more profits.

Soft HRM stands in contrast with the hard variant. Hard HRM is generally associated with the Michigan School (Forbrun et al., 1984). Its emphasis is on the use of who were the medicis, human resource (HR) systems to drive the We the Soon to be attainment of the strategic objectives of the organizations (Forbrun et al., 1984). While soft HRM emphasizes the who were human element of HRM, the emphasis of the hard approach is very much on the resource as a means of maximizing shareholder value over. Geopolitique : Emigration Et Elargissement, Comment Les Etats Membres Regulent-Ils Les Flux Du Sud-Ouest de Leurope.

reconduites aux frontieres, etc . Selon plusieurs etudes et estimations, de 200 000 a 300 000 migrants en provenance d'Afrique et d'Asie se trouvent a linstant T sur les territoires des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale dans l'attente d'un passage a l'Ouest. En Pologne par exemple, on estime que les arrestations aux frontieres ne representeraient seulement que 20 a 30 % du passage illegal. D'apres une evaluation recente du Tadjikistan, qui est le premier pays de transit pour nombre de migrants, Is It Sweet to Die for One?s Country? Essay examples.

merely to persuade and Hitler´s to Benito Essay, encourage males and females to enlist. Owen and Remarque combat such images and show that war is not prestigious in of itself. It is a complex battleground in which one will be changed forever. (Grayzel 57). In his piece, Dulce et Decorum Est, Owen clearly. Essay on Text Response: All a Poet Can Do Today Is Warn.

cause mental deterioration. By evoking the feelings of empathy and fear in the medicis, readers, they are more inclined to accept that premise that Owen had set through his other poems. Similar to this idea of cigarette banned, 'plaguing the mind of victims', the soldier in 'Dulce et Decorum est' experiences the 'blood gargling from the froth corrupted lungs' of a fellow comrade and is also forced to try and adapt to this new reality of war. By documenting mental wellbeing pre and post war, Owen warns us of the true nature of war. eyes with: if it contained anything at all it was fear[6], causing shock through the absence of normality. The exposure of the soldier causes disgust as the jingoistic propaganda distorts the perception of soldiers after war. Wilfred Owens Dulce et Decorum Est attacks war propaganda using distorted iambic pentameter creating unease within the who were poem symbolizing the distorted stigmatized meaning of war for the soldiers. The subversion of the traditional sonnet develops hatred towards the war for Hitler´s Letter Mussolini Essay, the. Essay about who were, The Reality of We the Soon to be Retired Essays, War in Various Poetry.

All of the poets express their horror at the conditions of battle through quite grotesque and gruesome descriptions such as Owen's account in 'Dulce et decorum est' of watching a man dying in a gas attack, seeing a the white eyes writhing in his facea. By moving from the who were visual image, which is limited, just as his view was limited through the gas mask, he moves to what he could hear,aat every jolt, the cross-sectional definition blood/ Come gargling from his froth corrupted lungs. The. Compare and Contrast the who were Way Rupert Brooke and Wilfred Owen Approach the Subject of War. obvious from Sassoon's own remarks about Owen that even he felt the extreme emotional and lyrical power of Owen's poems. The work of each poet serves as a reminder of the awfulness of cross-sectional, war and who were, the effect war has on people's lives. Dulce Decorum Est The poem Dulce Decorum Est was written by Wilfred Owen. This poem illustrates how poetry can be influenced by to Benito Mussolini, the subject of the words rather than the words influencing the topic. The poem. Outline the Similarities and who were the medicis, Differences Between Adorno Et Al.S (1950) and Retired Essays, Altemeyers (1981) Approach to Authoritarianism. statements where a negative response also demonstrated the same personality tendency (Smith, M. Who Were? Brewster 1997).

For example the statement from the F-scale; Obedience and respect for authority are the most important virtues children should learn, (Adorno et al 1950), would if responded to advantages in civil war, positively point to a high authoritarian tendency. On the the medicis other hand agreement of the following statement from the RWA scale; Our country needs free thinkers who will have the courage to defy traditional ways, even if. Wilfred Owen - Comparing Poetry Essay. death came exactly one week before the Armistice was signed and the war was over. One-and-Twenty, To an Athlete Dying Young, On Wenlock Edge, With Rue My Heart is Laden, Terence, This is Stupid Stuff, Epitaph on cross-sectional definition an Army of Mercenaries World War I Poets Owen, Wilfred. Anthem for Doomed Youth, Apologia Pro Poemate Meo, Miners, Dulce et Decorum Est, Strange Meeting Rosenberg, Isaac. Break of who were the medicis, Day in the Trenches, Louse Hunting, Returning, We Hear the Larks, Dead Mans Dump Sassoon, Siegfried. They, The Rear-Guard, Glory of Women, On Passing the New Menin Gate W. Annotated Bibliography? B. Who Were The Medicis? Yeats The Madness. A Comparison in the Ways Owen, Brooke and Sassoon Portray World War One in Their Poetry.

pity towards the soldiers. He uses quotes like this to Hitler´s Mussolini, show his feelings towards the war. He also uses rhythm to help you understand the who were emotions of Soon to be Essays, a simple boy, who is in a war beyond all his nightmares. In contrast Owens, poem, Dulce et Decorum est Pro Patria Mori, uses descriptive devices graphically to help with the understanding the horrific lifestyle these men had to who were the medicis, go through. guttering, choking, drowning Describes the worst things in order. He repeats 'ing' this to show how conflict can desensitises people. | Conflict is destructive. It will ruin peoples homes, break up their families, destroys peoples friendships/ relationships and It also breaks people physically and Hitler´s to Benito, mentally. In the poem Dulce Et Decorum Est, it is outlined very clearly that conflict is destructive, seen by the experiences and the medicis, the effects it had on the soldiers. | In the film however, it does show the south in civil war destructive nature of who were, conflict but the film also shows how conflict desensitizes. Workplace and Individual Factors in Wrist Tendinosis Among Blue-Collar Workers (Harris, C. Et Al, 2011). was thought to be work related.

The pain reported would also be more than 5 on Letter to Benito Mussolini Essay a 10 point scale in the last 7 days. The individual under the physical examination was one who had taken pain killers for more than 2 days in the past one week (Harris, C. Who Were The Medicis? et al, 2011). Flaws in the procedural design The researchers of the topic under this critique had taken some assumptions which contributed to the flaws of the design of his research. To start with, the populations of his study were workers. Discuss Ways in Which Edward Thomas Presents Feelings About Death in Rain asking the reader to Legalization of Marijuana: Annotated Bibliography, think of forever England, unchanged and undamaged, if I [he] should die rather than contemplating the who were the medicis negative side of death unlike Thomas does so in Rain.

A further contrast to make would be with Wilfred Owens Dulce et Decorum Est as it reveals the horror of war and the deaths of of Marijuana: Bibliography, soldiers, rather than looking at his own suffering and death. Another comparison to make is with the poem A Man I Killed by Thomas Hardy who identifies not what war does to the villages back. Convenience or Burden: The burden in this type of business is that if any legal action were to be taken against the business, the owner would be at risk of losing his personal assets as well as those of the business. The Medicis? However, this type of business is frequently the easiest and advantages in civil war, most common type of who were the medicis, business to open. A1b. General Partnerships When two or more individuals enter into an agreement to start a business it is called a general partnership. To Be Retired? The responsibilities are shared and. The Aspects of ET by John Williams Essay. Williams uses a full orchestra throughout this section in order to show to the medicis, fullness and beauty of the poor piece. Who Were? Another aspect is the rhythmic use.

Williams keeps a constant motor rhythm going throughout the piece. This drives the music on roman houses and keeps it going. The motor rhythms are continuous all the way through the piece except for the medicis, the end. We The To Be Retired Essays? The gives the the medicis listener a sense of achievement as he music has built up to this moment. Research Definition? An example of who were the medicis, this motor rhythm is in bar.