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Business Development Manager Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for the post of Business Development Manager. Todays world offers great opportunities as well as competitions to a man. Here establishing a new business or maintaining an old one is not a plain sailing. Discreet knowledge or education is not something that would suffice the needs to the prince machiavelli meet these days. A Business Development Manager is Railroad primarily responsible for taking Business to another level a higher one. He must be aware of the prevailing fashion as well as with an insight to predict and to perform. Below is given an the prince machiavelli example of Business Developer resume that should help in creating your resume according to rousseau quotes the requisites. It shall guide you to machiavelli put your skills and experience at quotes the right place. Machiavelli! Finally do try to Essay add previous credits or awards as they shall really make your Business Development Manager resume stand out among others. Business Development Manager Resume Sample.

Applied For: Business Development Manager / Catering Manager /Event Manager. OBJECTIVE: (Business Development Manager) I am seeking a position in finance and administration at large multinational companies, respectable banks or large accounting firms. Where I can further challenge my communication and business skills.(Catering Manager) Microsoft Office XP/2000/97 (Word, Excel, Access, PowerPoint, Outlook). Quick Book 99 Premier, 2006, 2007 Pro, 2008 Enterprise.

Primavera Software Ezyware Focus 6,RT Microsoft Dynamics GP 2010 SAP FICO ECC6 End user. Arabic: Native Language. English: Very Good (Written Spoken). Ability to work on own initiative, prioritize work, handle pressure Ability to communicate effectively in person, in writing and over the telephone with individuals and with a wide variety of organizations and machiavelli audiences and to research, analyze and examples interpret complex information and produce clear verbal and written reports. Ability to lead and to contribute to the team. Ability to undertake Financial Analysis and Business Development. Ain Shams University Cairo, Egypt.

A. in accounting. The Prince Machiavelli! Faculty of Commerce-Accounting Section. Graduated with a mark of Riordan Manufacturing Essay Average. Training course in the prince Financial Analysis. Sponsored by human resource unit in Ain Shams University. GPA: Very good. Ain Shams University Cairo, Egypt. Training course in Principles of Aiding Accounting. Sponsored by human resource unit in Ain Shams University.

GPA: Very good. EXPERIENCE : (Business Development Manager) Final Touches (John Arthur) Muscat, Oman. Multinational Furniture Manufacturer . Director of the prince Finance and Administration Management reporting for submission to HQ in Kuwait reporting directly to Finance Director, General Manager CEO. Manage team for 11 Employees and Basic tasks is how to Preparation and Aiding presentation of monthly, quarterly Yearly IFRs Financial statements. Undertake marketing activities. Implement strategic development and resource plans, particularly in the areas of service development, staff development and the management of change. The Prince Machiavelli! Develop, monitor and Transcontinental Railroad Essay maintain management information systems and procedures. Analyze and present financial reports in an accurate and timely manner; clearly communicate monthly and the prince annual financial statements; collate financial reporting materials for all donor segments, and oversee all financial, project/program and grants accounting. Coordinate and lead the annual audit process, liaise with external auditors and the finance committee of the board of directors; assess any changes necessary.

Oversee and lead annual budgeting and Aiding in Society planning process in conjunction with administer and review all financial plans and budgets; monitor progress and changes and keep senior leadership team abreast of the organizations financial status. Manage organizational cash flow and forecasting. Forecast cash flow positions, related borrowing needs, and available funds for the prince investment. Multinational Furniture Manufacturer-Retail (Gifts items-Garments ) Manage the and communication needs, preparation of the companys budget Report to management on variances from the established budget, and the prince the reasons for Manufacturing Essay examples those variances Assist management in the formulation of its overall strategic direction Participate in the formation of financial plans to ensure the provision of adequate funds to meet the organizations long and short term requirements Internal audit control the movement of assets and inventory of the company ensuring the documentary cycle of the company Engage in ongoing cost reduction analyses in all areas of the company Interpret the the prince, companys financial results to on leadership management and recommend improvement activities Participate in target costing activities to the prince create products that meeting predetermined price goals Assist in the determination of the term speech and communication needs product pricing in relation to features offered and competitor pricing Maintain banking relationships Performs statistical and actuarial analysis by applying appropriate protocols in analyzing data and reaching accurate conclusions. The Prince! Undertake such other duties and tasks as may lie within the scope of this post to ensure the effective delivery and development of the service. Mall, Transportation, Maintains, Test Catering, Marine Service, Valet parking , Car Wash Service Travel Agency.

Preparation and presentation of monthly, quarterly Yearly IFRs Financial statements. Program development and Identity Cards and Citizens' to Privacy dynamic environment of accounting and operational company to develop the statistical results, control and audit. The Prince Machiavelli! Preparing Management Accounts for financial institutes, banks and for internal management purposes. Contract! Manages accounting and budget activities and provides fiscal information. Develops and modifies rules, policies, or standards in the accounting department. Interprets, clarifies, explains and applies agency policy and procedures, business practices, laws and regulations, etc. Analyzes, summarizes and/or reviews data; reports findings, interprets results and makes recommendations. Develops budgets including fund allocation, revenue collection, budget projection, expenditures. Supervises subordinate personnel including: hiring, determining workload and delegating assignments, training, monitoring and evaluating performance, and initiating corrective or disciplinary actions. Date of Birth: February 18, 1982.

Place of the prince Birth: Cairo. Marital Status: Married. Military Status: Exempted. Visa Status: Residence. References are available upon request. Assistant Event Manager Resume Sample. This is teddy a sample resume for Ass.Event Manager Post. Being an event manager means to machiavelli give vibrant ideas, to organize and give performance through inspiration, dedication and responsibility. And as an assistant it is the term speech language required by you to not only assist and abide by but also to keep your manager in high spirit and motivated. Machiavelli! A resume should state that all in as much of an impressive way as possible.

Below we have devised such an resume sample to help you to explain yourself efficiently keeping your positive side up. Some images from your previous experiences attached to the resume is bound to impress your employer. Assistant Event Manager Resume Sample. United State of America. I am an experienced and and Citizens' to Privacy highly ethical. Project Manager AND Communications PR Manager; always striving and doing the impossible to get things done. Perfectionist, yet super resourceful and capable of adjusting to the prince machiavelli get the best out of every resource. Contract Quotes! Multi sector Experience (Delivered large scale- high profile events including the Abu Dhabi FORMULA 1 GP also politics, entertainment, press conferences, launches, music festivals, corporate meetings, etc) Task oriented, very energetic and hard worker, strong negotiation skills, marketing, branding, sales, used to work with ultra VVIPs and Government both in the UAE and abroad. I get things done !! In one of my last clients words: She works like 10 men (Mohammed Balooshi UAE MX Champion, at Dubai Motor Festival, Nov 28 th 2014) Attentive to details, can work on my own and have led multicultural work teams. Advise and develop communication strategies and programs Manage world class sporting events including the Abu Dhabi Formula 1 Grand Prix , Abu Dhabi Desert Challenge (FIA FIM Cross Country World Championship, Dubai International Rally (FIA Middle East Championship) Manage events in general (Launches, press conferences, training sessions, VIPs Receptions, General Assemblies, international business/board meetings in the UAE and abroad) Marketing and Brand Management, Image coordinator. (Strategy, Planning, Content, Activation) Liaise with Sponsors Liaise with authorities and correspondent organizations overseas (mainly Europe and America Organization Presidential level) Represent ATCUAE and deliver training in foreign countries (all over the prince Latin-America) Senior Lecturer at the MKI ATCUAE for Communication all Latin American countries Responsible for media relations, VIPs relations, and the prince machiavelli advertising/publicity.

. Write briefings for the team before and after races, road-books to and from hotels, airport, Rally HQ, etc. Mitsubishi Ralliart PR Representative in Essay National Identity Right to Privacy World Rally Championship. Logistics Local Liaison in Argentine. . The Prince! Coordinated all local logistics for the hospitality area of the Team during Rally Argentina 2000 and Riordan Essay examples 2001. . In charge of event Hospitality. Bivouac Team Service, Lyon, France. Hospitality Service For Michelin on Formula 1 Championship. . Worked on guest programs, PR and the prince Hospitality. . Worked on 15 Grand Prix out of 17 in the championship (Team rotation system 15 countries) Por las Pampas Cross Country Rally Organization Committee FIA sanctioned event World Cup of Cross Country Rally.

Event Management, Competitors Relations Officer, Rally Secretariat. . In charge of logistics. . Event Secretariat, briefings, Entries, etc. . Competitors Relations Officer (CRO) Rally Argentina Organization, Cordoba, Argentine. Secretary, Logistics, Event Management. . The Term Speech Needs! Subsidiary Press Rooms (3) 2010 Universidad ABC, Argentine.

. Degree in Political Communication. 2009 Universidad of Argetine, Argentine. . Post Degree in Advanced Public Administration. 2008 Universidad ABC, Argentine. . Degree in Public Administration. 1998 Instituto of Management, Argentine. 1997 Autonoma de Mexico.

Degree in Business Administration. Nationality: American, Argentine. UAE Work Experience: 5+ years. Driver License Holder : Yes. This is a sample resume for Event Manager. The Prince Machiavelli! An Event Managers prime job is to Riordan Essay take the the prince machiavelli, responsibility of conducting, organizing, maintaining, handling and roosevelt on leadership handsomely executing the events of the company or employer. As this job holds very critical responsibility so is determined its resume to be. A good resume must entails your capability in this field. The Prince! (Low in experience? see Assistant Event Manager Resume Sample as well!) We recommend you that after giving your basic information give some synopsis of your previous performances where you have worked efficiently in Manufacturing examples both favorable and non-favorable circumstances.

Display your abilities in a confident manner and your employer cannot help giving you a second thought. I am an experienced and machiavelli highly ethical Events Specialist. Project Manager AND Communications PR Manager; always striving and doing the impossible to get things done. Perfectionist, yet super resourceful and capable of adjusting to get the best out of every resource. Multi sector Experience (Delivered large scale- high profile events including the Abu Dhabi FORMULA 1 GP also politics, entertainment, press conferences, launches, music festivals, corporate meetings, etc) Task oriented, very energetic and hard worker, strong negotiation skills, marketing, branding, sales, used to work with ultra VVIPs and Government both in the UAE and abroad. I get things done !! In one of Railroad Essay my last clients words: She works like 10 men (Mohammed Balooshi UAE MX Champion, at Dubai Motor Festival, Nov 28 th 2014) Attentive to the prince machiavelli details, can work on my own and roosevelt have led multicultural work team. Never married, no children Fluent in English, French and Spanish. Sports Management Event Project Management . Sponsorship and Partnerships . Communications PR . Marketing, Branding and Activation . Athletes Management. Advise and develop communication strategies and programs.

. Manage world class sporting events including the Abu Dhabi Formula 1 Grand Prix , Abu Dhabi Desert Challenge (FIA FIM Cross Country World Championship, Dubai International Rally (FIA Middle East Championship) . Manage events in the prince general (Launches, press conferences, training sessions, VIPs Receptions, General Assemblies, international business/board meetings in the UAE and abroad) . Marketing and Brand Management, Image Co-ordinator. Essay! (Strategy, Planning, Content, Activation) . Liaise with Sponsors. . Liaise with authorities and correspondent organizations overseas (mainly Europe and America Organization Presidential level) . Represent ATCUAE and deliver training in foreign countries (all over Latin-America) . Senior Lecturer at the prince machiavelli the MKI ATCUAE for all Latin American countries. . Responsible for Aiding media relations, VIPs relations, and advertising/publicity. Mitsubishi Ralliart PR Representative in World Rally Championship. Logistics Local Liaison in Argentine. . Co-ordinated all local logistics for the hospitality area of the the prince, Team during Rally Argentina 2000 and Identity Cards to Privacy 2001.

. In charge of event Hospitality. Bivouac Team Service, Lyon, Franc e. Hospitality Service For Michelin on machiavelli, Formula 1 Championship. . Worked on guest programs, PR and Hospitality. . Worked on 15 Grand Prix out of 17 in the championship (Team rotation system 15 countries) Por las Pampas Cross Country Rally Organization Committee FIA sanctioned event World Cup of contract Cross Country Rally. Event Management, Competitors Relations Officer, Rally Secretariat. . In charge of logistics. . The Prince Machiavelli! Event Secretariat, briefings, Entries, etc.

. Competitors Relations Officer (CRO) Rally Argentina Organization, Cordoba, Argentine. Secretary, Logistics, Event Management. . Subsidiary Press Rooms (3) National Rally Championship, Argentina. Universidad Empresarial Siglo XXI, Argentine. . Degree in Political Communication. Universidad Catolica de Cordoba, Argentine. . Language Needs! Post Degree in the prince Advanced Public Administration.

Universidad Catolica de Cordoba, Argentine. . Rousseau Social Quotes! Degree in Public Administration. Instituto Superior Mariano Moreno, Argentine. Fluent in English, Dutch and Italian. Attentive to details, have led multicultural work teams and coordinated several task forces. UAE Driver License holder, passed proficiently. Date of the prince birth: DD/MM/YYYY.

Marital Status: married. UAE Work Experience: 2+ years. One of Operation Managers huge responsibility is to ensure that the Essay, goods/product/service is according to the clients requirements and is in favor of the the prince, company/organization. Following resume is a sample resume for the post of Operation Manager. An Operation Managers tasks also vary according to the employer demands. The Term Speech Language! Begin your resume with your basic info. Further build it with your career objectives, your determination to grow further and previous work experiences. Machiavelli! Highlight that you are a versatile and vibrant candidate who have wider knowledge and is not just cooped up in his own shell. See also Risk Operation Analyst Resume Sample . Adding references of verified personalities will definitely add to the worth of your resume! To excel in my role with exceptional professionalism and optimal performance, setting exemplary standards in this hospitality industry.

As Operation Manager ensuring along with growth, all round development in my career. Thus, in Riordan Manufacturing Essay examples the process, giving the best to my organization. Bachelor of Science in machiavelli Physics from Bombay University in 1996. Worked as the Operation Manager effective from 01 st June 2011 to Transcontinental Railroad May 2013. . As Operation Manager at ABC Catering Limited, safety is machiavelli a shared responsibility. We strive to excel and enhance our leadership in airline catering and expand into airport related services in India, by delivering exceptional value to Essay our customers.

We have set up our Quality Management System that complies with the requirements of ISO 9001:2000. Supervising and machiavelli motivating a team of Duty Managers / Officers and Team Leaders whilst leading the people management initiatives with respect to roosevelt cost, compliance, sales/service and people. Active participation in outdoor sales initiative, a venture to bring our outdoor catering to competitive competency levels as operation manager. Providing guidance and the prince machiavelli support to the Duty Managers / Officers in assigning and scheduling work based on the flight schedule. Responsible for ensuring all employees are working in safe conditions and reinforcing proactive behavior in the application of safety measures and techniques. Oversee staff, and manage entire catering operations to Essay and Citizens' achieve objectives for the business Handled supplies and inventories Committed for great quality customer service Ensuring that Airlines is provided with the the prince machiavelli, in-flight catering service as per Railroad, laid down procedures and specifications at the prince all times.

Liaising with other key stakeholders from the Ware wash, Production, Air-side Logistics, Supply Chain and Administration on a daily basis to ensure clear and accurate lines of communication are maintained so we achieve on-time performance in full at all times. As operation manager managing all operational matters when on shift and communicating upwards if on time performance may be affected. Assisting the Operations Manager with the development, implementation and improvement of Essay examples business unit processes to achieve key result areas, cost savings and operational efficiency as outlined by the department Head of Department. As operation manager Comply with the machiavelli, Company Occupational Health Safety Policy. Come up with creative ideas in catering services. Recruit train new staff. Ensure great service fulfillment of the customer requirements specifications. Received Halal Total Compliance Training Certificate issued by in Society, Malaysia Airlines. Worked as Operation Manager Team Leader with QACC (Qatar Aircraft Catering Co.), which is a subsidiary of Qatar Airways from Aug.

2006 to March 2008. Qatar airways has the the prince, worlds only dedicated First and roosevelt on leadership Business Class terminal at Doha International Airport offering the highest standards of hospitality exclusively for Qatar Airways premium passengers. Monitor and the prince machiavelli assist flight supervisors in their duties. Manage smooth flight dispatch, ensuring high standards of hygiene food quality. Received 02 Appreciation letters from Qatar Aircraft Catering Company for the excellent job done as Operation Manager . Worked as Sr.

Flt. Supervisor with ABC Catering Ltd. I hold a rich work experience, working with this reputed organization for teddy roosevelt quote on leadership a period spanning nine years from Oct. 97 to Jul. 06. Handled flights of Emirates, Alitalia, Air Mauritius, Jet Airways, Korean Air, Delta Airlines, South African Airlines, Royal Jordanian, Malaysian Airlines, Air Sahara, Virgin Atlantic, etc. Man Power Planning, Catering Food management. Knowledge of HACCP.

Received many Appreciation letters from clients such as Alitalia, Air Mauritius, South African, Malaysian, Jet Airways, Qatar Airways, Virgin Atlantic etc. Ability to work effectively in machiavelli a team, having a diverse background. Strong work ethics with leadership traits. Rousseau Contract Quotes! Ability to accomplish all assigned tasks efficiently. Good communication skills. All the information furnished above is true to the best of my knowledge. A brand Ambassador is machiavelli a person who is hired by a company or an organization to publicize their products, he/she talks about their product and company in a positive way and embodies the brand that he is endorsing. Now high end companies hire famous and quote influential people to have their fans following their products. But mostly companies cannot hire the celebrities as they cost a lot of budget. Such companies ask for simple people to endorse their product by talking about it appreciatively and encouraging everyone to utilize it.

Have a look at our Marketing Resume Samples for more creative ideas. Following resume is the sample for the job of Brand Ambassador. One important thing to the prince be kept in mind before creating the resume for Brand Ambassador is your personality and confidence level. You must show in your resume that you are a resourceful, social and friendly person who can easily communicate with anyone. Tell them how much you want to in Society work with their company and how much you adore their products. The employer should have the machiavelli, feeling that you really want to join them and not just need a job. In the teddy roosevelt on leadership, end putting verified references always seal the resume more confidentially. Machiavelli! See also Event Organizer Resume Sample . Applied For: Brand Ambassador /Cheif brand ambassador Manager/ Marketing sales Ambassador. Personal Profile :(Brand Ambassador)

Completed Masters in Business Administration Marketing. Possess an in-depth ability to understand and observe things and am a person who is exceptionally accustomed to team-work, and attaining quick results. Having a remarkable ability to teddy roosevelt quote on leadership work under pressure, I have developed sharp, analytical thinking and the uncommon ability to face various challenges. Being of an extrovert personality type, I like socializing and am passionately eager to the prince machiavelli achieve unimaginable heights in life.(Brand Ambassador) MBA (Marketing) from Bahria University.

Developing an Aiding Communication in Society enduring brand communication that results in the prince machiavelli increased sales, brand loyalty and Transcontinental Railroad improving market share. Development of activity based 12-month brand marketing planning and execution including TV, Activation, PR, mobile, print, social media and outdoor in the prince line with global category strategy and brand vision plan. Spearheading cross functional teams to deliver business objectives from inception to execution. Monitoring and analysis of sales volumes, market share, media perception trends and Essay National Identity and Citizens' competitor activity. Work with media and creative agencies to brief, design and deliver specific elements of projects and the prince marketing campaigns.(Brand Ambassador) Be part of demand forecast and reporting team and ensuring SOP delivery. On Leadership! Analyze and report brands progress based on syndicated research (Retail Audit Consumer Panel etc.), brand health indicators and internal sales database (Brand Ambassador). Planned and Executed Sunsilk Pakistan Fashion week. Launched New Lipton Blend tea.

Launched first Magnum store in Pakistan. Close up Diamond Attraction launch. Plan and discharge all the the prince machiavelli, operations for the campaign. Speech Language And Communication Needs! Make Execution dynamics details.(Brand Ambassador) Regulating detailed Costing. Deal and negotiate with the Client upfront. Accommodate and handle the the prince, Project management team. Application ensuring the execution is possible before going on ground. Assistant Brand Ambassador Manager. Developing Complete brand growth solution strategies Application and practice of ideas. Design and execution of BTL campaigns Created pricing strategies, POS and in-store promotions.

Pursuit and employment of explain the term language needs overall promotion plan and execution. Awarded Bowler of the tournament in machiavelli Bahria Cricket Trophy 2008 Employee of the year (matador) In Bullseye communications. Best internee at Pearl continental hotel. Thorough knowledge of the principles and methods of Project management Excellent grasp at the usage of Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, etc) Immense ability to establish and maintain a good objective working relationship with clients. Event Management Brand activation.(Brand Ambassador) Extra Curricular Activities: Hosting shows. Right! Organizing events.

Socializing and meeting new people. Playing Cricket. Swimming, table tennis, cycling.

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3 Day Diet Analysis Essay Essays and Research Papers. ? 3 - Day Diet Analysis In this paper I will be talking about the prince my 3 . day diet analysis . I will also be writing a 700 word essay of the Transcontinental, final results. I will be describing my current eating habits. The Prince. How does my diet compare to the recommendations that I received from the Food Guide Pyramid. Also telling you how many servings for National Identity Cards and Citizens', each food group did I consume? Also how it might modify my diet by using the six classes of nutrients and the recommended servings for each food group what are. Eating , Fat , Fatty acid 1183 Words | 4 Pages. Diet Analysis 1 3 Day Diet Analysis Cortez Hardman Professor Mezu . University of Phoenix February 17, 2013 Diet Analysis 2 Throughout my long military career, physical fitness and nutrition have always been a major factor in my life.

There is more to living healthy than just exercise. Knowing nutrition, as well as proper dieting, goes hand and the prince, hand with exercise. Portion control and knowing nutritional values help ensure a path to a healthy lifestyle. Dieting , Eating , Food 801 Words | 3 Pages. Dau diet an Three Day Diet Analysis Takeitha Jones SCI/241 May 17,2012 Linda Mottison . National Cards Right. Staying healthy is a hard thing to the prince machiavelli do, especially when you do not really have the time or motivation to pay attention to what you eat. I have a habit of buying and eating a lot of frozen foods, which includes frozen pizzas, beer battered fish filets, macaroni and cheese, and garlic bread. I also cook some boxed dinners like hamburger or tuna helper to save time on cooking. In my daily diet there. Essay. Cooking , Fat , Food 784 Words | 3 Pages.

1 3 - Day Diet Analysis Nutrition 07/21/13 2 My . The Prince Machiavelli. current eating habits are not very good. I am well aware of this, and teddy quote, my excuse is machiavelli that I am a father of roosevelt two that works full time, attends online college part time, has a dad that is very medically involved and machiavelli, children that are in sports, and I have recently joined a gym that I try to attend three nights a week. The Term. My life is very rushed and busy all the time. After filling out the prince machiavelli, my super tracker report. Dieting , Fat , Food 748 Words | 3 Pages. Three Day Diet Analysis For this three day diet analysis project I . wanted to eat as I normally would and Communication in Society Essay, be honest about all that I ate, to machiavelli analyze not only Essay what and how much I was eating, but also to the prince machiavelli see how healthy my diet really is. By doing so I can see if any of my diet choices are putting me at risk for certain health diseases, and what changes can be made to make my diet healthier. After analyzing my diet , I would say I am fairly healthy, though I am out Essay Identity Right to Privacy, of the target range in machiavelli, a few.

Cholesterol , Fat , Fatty acid 2089 Words | 5 Pages. Three Day Diet Analysis According to the food pyramid, my diet is horrible considering what I have . consumed in these 3 days . It shows that I need to explain the term speech and communication needs start eating more, and better quality foods. The Prince. My sugar intake is too high and should be reconsidered. Speech Language Needs. Possibly I could swap out processed sugars for natural sugars; such as in fruit. It is obvious from the records I have provided that I do not take in as much (if any) fruit that one should be consuming on the prince machiavelli a daily basis. Thus, not only am I depriving. Teddy On Leadership. Amino acid , Carbohydrate , Essential amino acid 1037 Words | 3 Pages. Nutrition with no prerequisites. Text: Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies Second Canadian Edition by Sizer, Whitney and Piche Instructor: Dr. . G.R.

Herzberg, Biochemistry Department, Office: SN 1037 Office Hours: Wednesday and Thursday 2- 3 . email: geneherz@.mun.ca If you wish to email me you must put 2600 in the subject line or your email may be deleted as spam automatically by my email program. The Prince. Do NOT use D2L to send me email, I rarely check it and you are unlikely to receive. Computer , Computer program , Computer software 1075 Words | 4 Pages. Riordan Essay. NUTRI 300/FCS 340 Nutrition Dietary Analysis Project- Part II OVERVIEW Part II of the dietary analysis project involves an . in-depth analysis of machiavelli your diet by Transcontinental Railroad, comparing your dietary intake to the recommendations for the prince, macronutrients and explain speech language and communication, micronutrients. It will be based on your 3 - day average intake and the reports that you printed out. Before you begin PART II, make the changes to part I of the prince machiavelli your project based on my comments and any other errors you see. It is Aiding in Society important to make these changes.

Diet , Dietary fiber , Fat 756 Words | 4 Pages. my body intakes. The Prince Machiavelli. Throughout, My Diet Analysis research, I was able to identify eating habits that I was unaware of specifically . during the explain language and communication, weekdays. I decided to record two of my busiest days during the week, Monday and Tuesday and one lacks day , being Sunday. My findings were somewhat surprising, showing me on the prince paper just exactly how unhealthy my eating habits are. My diet analysis gave me just the motivation I needed to fully make a change within my everyday diet . Overall, it is very clear that. Eating , Fat , Fruit 1264 Words | 3 Pages. 3 - Day Diet Analysis Billy Davis SCI/241 May 12, 2013 Augusta Downey . 3 - Day Diet Analysis My current diet is a complete disaster. Because of my work schedule, I dont get up until around 11:00am, so when I do wake I have a cup or two of orange juice which is what I consider to be my breakfast.

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3 - Day Diet Analysis The 3 - day diet . analysis was very interesting to machiavelli me, and has given me some very useful and challenging information pertaining to National Identity and Citizens' to Privacy my health. I know I do not have the healthiest eating habits, and after using the SuperTracker I plan to do my best at changing my diet . My current eating habits are not very bad, but not very good or healthy. I do not eat breakfast, but when I do I eat breakfast I eat food that is for lunch or dinner. I know that is the prince not good, but. Explain Language And Communication. Brunch , Dinner , Eating 703 Words | 2 Pages. The Prince Machiavelli. ? ATKINS DIET ANALYSIS Phuong Nguyen NUTR 1322 Friday 6pm What is Atkins Diet ? The Atkins . Diet is also known as the Atkins Nutritional Approach. It was made by quote, Dr. Atkins, an the prince machiavelli, American cardiologist. Atkins Diet was developed by reducing ones carbohydrate intake.

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The Prince by Niccol Machiavelli -

Essay on Rural Development in India. Read this essay to learn about Rural Development in India. After reading this essay you will learn about:- 1. Introduction to Rural Development 2. Activities and Experiments Undertaken for Rural Development 3. The Prince Machiavelli. The Rural Development Programmes 4. Communication Essay. Institutions 5. Observations and the prince machiavelli, Problems 6. Suggestions. Essay on the Introduction to teddy quote on leadership Rural Development Essay on the Activities and Experiments Undertaken for Rural Development Essay on the Rural Development Programmes Essay on the Institutions for Rural Development in India Essay on the Observations and Problems of Rural Development Essay on the Suggestions for Rural Development in India. 1. Essay on the Introduction to Rural Development: The definition of Rural is the prince machiavelli residuary become all over the world that is on leadership defined as an the prince machiavelli, urban area and whatever is not urban known as rural. In India a settlement is defined as urban if it fulfils either of the following conditions, were adopted in rousseau contract the 1991 census: (i) All statutory towns, i.e.; all places with a municipality corporation, municipality board, cantonment board or notified town area etc. (ii) A minimum population of 5,000. (iii) At least 75 per cent of the Male working population engaged in machiavelli non-agricultural and allied activity, (iv) A density of population of at least 400 persons per square kilometres. Thus, the term Rural essentially means an quotes, area, which is characterised as non-urban style of life, occupational structure and settlement pattern.

Development in machiavelli general refers to the process of a general improvement in levels of living together, decreasing inequality in incomes and the capacity to sustain continuous improvements overtime. Thus the term Rural Development is viewed as an activity of a series of activities or a process, which either improves the immediate living conditions-economic, social, political, cultural and environmental or increases the potential for Essay Identity Cards and Citizens', future living or both of the rural people. The Royal commission on Agriculture defined Rural Development as: We cannot too strongly state our conviction that the directorship of the prince agriculture is one of the key posts in Rural Development and that agricultural advance must in a very great degree depend upon the stability of the officer. The taskforce appointed by the Planning Commission on Communication, Integrated Rural Development in 1972 defined Rural Development as: After a careful consideration we have belatedly decided to take what might be considered a rather restricted view of the expression. Rural Development we have chose to machiavelli equate it with agricultural development in the widest sense so as to embrace besides crop husbandry, all the allied activities. According to the view of World Bank Rural Development as a strategy design to improve the on leadership, economic and social life of a specific group of people The rural (people) poor.

It involves extending the benefits of development to the poorer among those who seek a livelihood in rural areas. The group includes small-scale farmers, tenants and the landless. Rural Development means a strategy to improve the machiavelli, economic and social life of the rural poor and the rural weak in the overall spectrum of development and explain the term speech needs, growth. It is not only important to the prince raise the agricultural productivity and the rate of Transcontinental overall economic growth in the rural areas, but also it is to ensure that the poor and weaker sections share the benefit. Rural Development as a process in complex and involves the the prince machiavelli, interaction of economic, social, political, technological and other situational factors.

These have to be integrated with Government policies and social contract, plans with the objective of improving the quality of life of the people in the villages. Rural Development encompasses: (i) Improvement in levels of living, including employment, education, health and nutrition housing and the prince machiavelli, a variety of social services. (ii) Decreasing inequality in distribution of rural incomes and in rural-urban balances in rousseau incomes and economic opportunities and. (iii) The capacity of the the prince, rural sector to sustain and teddy roosevelt quote, accelerate the pace of these improvements. The critical element in the Rural Development is improvement living standards of the poor through opportunities for the prince, better utilisation of their physical and human resources in the absence of this utilisation of Essay rural resources has no functional significance.

Making the process of rural development self-sustaining of capital and use of machiavelli technology for on leadership, the benefit of the poor but their active involvement in the building up of institutions as well as functioning of these. There are a number of definitions of rural development. The Prince. But that varies according to Transcontinental Railroad Essay time, priority and nature of rural activities. Despite of differences, the academicians, planners and machiavelli, policy makers have always laid emphasis for the all-round development of the rural activities. However, Rural Development as a concept and as series of experiments in alternative methods of organising production, welfare and Essay, exchange in machiavelli rural activities has a long history and is not the monopoly of any single system or country. On Leadership. Its recent popularity however is mainly symptomatic of the failure of technocratic and growth strategies pursued by most developing countries in the 1950s and machiavelli, 1960s.

Academics, nationals and international policy makers are carrying out the search for Essay National Identity Cards, solution to the twin problems of rural poverty and unemployment. The noted Western economists like, Kuznets, Gerschenkron, Floud and the prince machiavelli, Mccloskey provide useful insights into the history of economic development of the present day developed countries. The growth of output and productivity in these countries during last 10 to 15 decades has been qualitatively different from that observed in earlier periods. Modern Economic growth since the late 18th century is different from periods of growth in earlier times in three specific respects. Firstly, the ownership and use of economic surplus were 34 Rural Development in Transcontinental Railroad India separated for the first time. Those who used this surplus as capital in the production process did not necessarily own it as they did in the land-based feudal pre-industrial system.

Secondly, extensive use of an acceptable unit of the prince exchange called money helped in expansion of market, which made specialization and mobility possible. Lastly, mobility of both capital and rousseau social, labour in pursuit of higher gains to urban areas and distant lands occurred on an unprecedented scale. The consequent increase in machiavelli output and Essay Identity Cards and Citizens', productivity were substantial and sustained over a long period of machiavelli time. These impressive increases were also accompanied by growth of population and large-scale migration from not only rural to urban areas but from rousseau contract quotes, nation to nation and from continent to continent. Historically experience suggests that, when seen in long-term perspective, economic growth has been accompanied by specialisation centralization, maximization, urbanization and industrialization. History shows that, poverty has been diminished by the growth of labour increased productivity in the agricultural sector and migration of labour to urban non-agricultural activities. Machiavelli. The population movement occurred mainly because industry could offer the incentive of higher wages and better employment opportunities. The role of the State has been changing significantly since the Eighteenth Century. Traditionally the Governments activities could be divided into three departments namely, defense, Public works and internal administration. A healthy balance among the three ensured stable regimes with the advent of modern economic development; the Public works component has been an expanding area of State activity.

Modern development policy makers while, recognising the importance of infrastructure have been rather ambiguous about the contents of teddy roosevelt infrastructure is one of the very few illuminating contributions on the subject. Infrastructure includes all things provided by the State, which promote directly or indirectly productive activities. Transport, irrigation, power, water supply, health, education and urban services are considered important elements of infrastructure. In a mixed economy, with a relatively important public sector, provision of the prince infrastructure has to be carefully planned and provided by the State. The State playing an important role in Riordan Manufacturing examples development. Policy makers and planners have started devoting more to rural development in their declarations and documents on national planning policies. In various ways and for various motives they have attempted to the prince machiavelli relate to the problems of their own rural poor. Despite, substantial and impressive increase in growth of agricultural and food outputs in some regions of rousseau social a number of developing countries the plight of small and the prince, marginal farmers, agricultural and landless labourers, artisans and small retailers has not been improved significantly. In India the term Rural Development is Communication in Society not a very old phenomenon. Early in the prince machiavelli the century their exist the British rule. In that time, rural development was a minor symphony in the governmental orchestra.

The functions of the Government were limited and even the spread of each function was narrowly restricted. Thus, Development cannot but be of minor meaning and significance in the structure of the priorities of language and communication colonialism, which was also reflected in the rural areas. The decade 1920-30 was very significant from the view of early pioneering efforts at rural development in India. The noted social Thinkers, Educationists, Politicians started such efforts in our country; in early 20s. 2. Essay on the Activities and Experiments Undertaken for Rural Development: Programmes and Projects in Pre-Independence Periods: The important activities and experiments undertaken for rural development in Pre-Independence periods are: (i) Sriniketan Experiments:

This programme was pioneered by noted scholar of the country Rabindranath Tagore. The important objective of the experiment was Economic and the prince machiavelli, Moral rehabilitation of the rural community. (ii) Martandum Project: One Rural Reconstruction Programme was initiated by Spancer Hatch at Martandum (South Travancore) in 1921. Martandum rural reconstruction Centre was opened with a five- sided programme popularly called as The Five Sided Triangle Comprising Spirit, Mind, Body, Economic and Social side. The philosophy of rural reconstruction embraced principles known as Pillars of Policy. The principle of Self Help was maintained.

The project became the centre of comprehensive programmes of rural development. (iii) The Gurugaon Experiment: The important village uplift movement was initiated by I.L.Brayne the roosevelt quote on leadership, Deputy Commissioner of Gurugaon district in the prince machiavelli 1920. Explain And Communication Needs. This village development programme called as the Gurugaon Scheme. The Gurugaon Scheme claimed to machiavelli deal with the Riordan Manufacturing, whole life and machiavelli, the activity of the peasant and his family and to quote on leadership present a complete remedy from the terrible conditions in with they lived. (iv) Rural Reconstruction Movement in Baroda: The important rural reconstruction centre was set up in 1932 and the work commenced in a group of villages round Kosamba (Navasri district). The movement aimed at improvement in all aspect of rural life, changing the outlook of the agriculturists, the attainment of higher standard of living. (v) Sarvodaya Scheme of Bombay: This scheme was based on the Gandhijis idea of Sarvodaya. The important aim of the project is to stop migration of youths to nearest towns and cities.

The supply of food for all, adequate medical facilities, free education, local self-Government, self-employment through cottage industries were highlighted in the programme. (vi) Firka Development Scheme: The Firka Development Scheme aimed at the attainment of the Gandhian ideal of Village Swaraj by brining about not only the the prince, education, economic, sanitary and other improvements of village along with the revitalisation of the spirit if people and to Riordan examples make them self-confident and self-reliant. The schemes involved close coordination with the various Government services like, agriculture, veterinary, irrigation, industries, medical and communication departments. The scheme was later merged with the National Extension Services in machiavelli 1953-54. Programmes and Projects in Post-Independence Period: Programmes and projects were also launched in post-independence and pre-planning periods. The important among them are: (1) The Pilot Development Project of Etawah: The Project began under the sponsorships of the provincial Governments of Uttar Pradesh in Aiding Communication Essay late 1948. The important objectives of the project were to the prince increase the degree of productivity, social improvements, promotion of self-confidence and cooperation. The pilot project at Etawah treated as one of the most successful rural development project of the language, World.

The project also exhibited the exemplary Cooperation and the prince, Coordination of Government, volunteers and Railroad Essay, others. (2) The Nilokheri Experiment : India divided in the prince machiavelli 1947. The Rehabilitation of displaced persons coming from Pakistan gathered importance. In order to provide them gainful employment a new township was developed at Nilokheri in 1948 with the efforts of Aiding Essay Sri S.K.Dey. Sri Dey evolved a faith were to activate and machiavelli, support a triple charter of explain the term needs rights such as: (i) Right to the prince machiavelli live, (ii) Right to work for living and. (iii) Right to teddy quote on leadership receive what is earned. To give a practical shape to this charter or rights a new scheme known as the Mazdoor Manzil was drawn up. The basic concept of the Mazdoor Manzil was to machiavelli stop the one-way traffic of labour, material, skill and Railroad, culture from villages to town. The township was intended to include institutions for medical relief and sanitation, Higher Education, Technical and machiavelli, Vocational Training, Veterinary aid and agricultural extension embracing agriculture, horticulture, poultry, piggery, fishery, sheep breeding and other forms of animal husbandry. The project was highly appreciated by the then Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

The Planning for Rural Development have been received utmost attention by the planners and policy makers along with the National Plan for Economic Development. The rural development strategies were also adopted by planners as per Essay Identity and Citizens' Right to Privacy, the methods and strategies adopted for the economic development of the country. India adopted both the centralised and the prince machiavelli, decentralised planning models in the process of its planned economic development. The First Five Year Plan (1950-51 to Essay National Identity Cards 1955-56) adopted the Harrod-Domar model of capital accumulation and saving mobilisation as its methodological approach towards planning. Under this approach, the machiavelli, process of economic development must start from the villages.

In this context, the mobilization of Manufacturing peoples participation was required. In order to machiavelli implement this ideology the Community Development Programme (CDP) was conceived. The Block administration was created as a centre of Rural Development activities. This programme failed as blocks were quite big and left the teddy roosevelt quote, weaker section untouched. The programme was also implemented in Orissa. The State planning machinery followed the objectives and guidelines fixed by Central Government.

The Second Five Year Plan (1955-56 to 1960-61) based on the prince machiavelli, Feldman-Mahalnobis model of sectoral growth. This strategy emphasised investment in heavy industry to achieve industrialization, which was assumed to National Identity and Citizens' Right be the basic condition for rapid economic development. A good deal of the prince machiavelli reliance was placed on Riordan Manufacturing Essay, cottage and small industries with the the prince, aim of reducing rural under employment, unemployment. As against this background no important specialised rural development programme was launched during the second plan period. However, steps were taken to Aiding in Society strengthen the ongoing community development programme. In this respect the, need for viable institutional base was felt and the Panchayati Raj System was introduced during the the prince, plan period. Besides, specialised rural economic development programmes like, Intensive Agricultural District Programme (IADP), Khadi and Village Industries Programme (KVI), Multi-purpose Tribal Development, Village Housing Projects/Schemes were also introduced in rural areas of the country. As a part of the Union, the specialised sectoral development programmes were also introduced in Orissa. In the Third Five Year Plan (1960-61-to-1965-66) all round agricultural development was envisaged. Increased agricultural production in the farm sector and activities allied to agriculture received topmost priority during the plan period.

The important agricultural development programmes bringing green revolution strategy like Intensive Agricultural Area Programme (IAAP) and High Yield Varieties Programme (HYVP) were implemented in the country. It is Transcontinental observed that, the the prince, benefits accrued only to rich and progressive peasants. Once again, landless and agricultural labourers were left untouched. Besides, rural industries project for the promotion of village industries was also launched during the said plan period. Health and Transcontinental Railroad, Nutrition is regarded as important inputs required for improvement in the quality of life. Machiavelli. To ensure appropriate and adequate nutrition to the children, for on leadership, their growth Applied Nutrition Programme was introduced during the machiavelli, Third Five Year Plan. The Fourth Five Year Plan (1969-74) in the name of Growth with social justice initiated efforts towards uplifting the vulnerable sections of rural society. Transcontinental. In this connection a number of area development oriented and Target Oriented programmes were introduced. Programmes such as Small Farmers Development Agency (SFDA), Small Farmers and machiavelli, Agricultural Labourers Development Agency (MFAL), Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP), Tribal Area Development Programme (TADP) were introduced as the important rural development programmes.

These rural development programmes did succeed, but only in limited areas and numbers. This plan paved the path for a number of rural development and poverty alleviation programmes in the term language and communication needs the country. These programmes were implemented through the existing administrative apparatus at block and the prince, village levels. Employment generation programmes like, Crash Scheme for Rural Employment and Pilot Intensive Rural Employment Programme were also launched during the plan period. Aiding Essay. The Fifth Plan (1974-79) based on the Inter-sectoral transactions model of Leontief which emphasised on strengthening the inter-sectoral linkages for balanced growth in sectors. The most important objectives of the Fifth Plan Period was: (i) Removal of poverty and.

(ii) Achievement of self-reliance. In order to attain these objectives. The Programmes like, Command Area Development Programme (CADP), Hill Area Development Programme (HADP), Minimum Needs Programme (MNP), Food for Work Programme (FFW) were introduced, during the plan period. Besides, in order to promote small-scale, village and cottage industries the the prince, District Industries Centres (DICs) were set up in all districts of the country. The Term Language. The 20-point Economic Programme was also introduced during the said plan period. The Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-85) aimed at the removal of poverty, growth, modernisation, self-reliance and social justice. In order to attain all-round development in rural areas, one single integrated programme called Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) was conceived.

IRDP is the prince regarded as a multi-level, multi-sector and multi-section concept of rural development. As a multi-level concept it encompasses rural development at various levels such as viable cluster of village communities, districts and blocks. As a multi- sector concept, it embraces development in various sectors and social, sub-sectors of the rural areas such as agriculture, industry, education, health and transportation etc. As a multi-section concept, it encompasses socio-economic development of various sections and sub-sections of rural population such as Small farmers, Marginal farmers, Landless and agricultural labourers, Artisans, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Besides IRDP, the employment generation programmes like, National Rural Employment Programme (NREP), Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP), Economic Rehabilitation or Rural Poor (ERRP), Training of the prince Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM), Self Employment for the Educated Unemployed Youths (SEEUY). Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) etc. were also introduced during the said plan period. The important objectives of the Seventh Five Year Plan (1985-90) were; building an independent self-reliant economy, establishment of social system based on equity and justice, reduction of regional imbalance and explain and communication needs, adoption of advanced technologies.

The plan intended; to continue the rural development programmes launched/implemented during the Sixth Five Year Plans. Besides, some rural infrastructural development programmes like, Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) Integrated Rural Energy Planning Programme (IREP), Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY), Million Wells Scheme (MWS), etc. were implemented as the special rural development programmes during the plan period. The Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-97) aimed at generation of machiavelli adequate employment opportunities, Universalisation of elementary education, provision of safe drinking water and rousseau social contract quotes, primary health care facilities, and strengthening the infrastructure. The Prince Machiavelli. The special rural development and poverty alleviation programmes implemented in earlier plans were also intended to continue during the Eighth Five Year Plan. In order to boost earlier infrastructure and employment generation programmes the new and culmination programmes like, Intensified Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (IJRY), Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS), Operation Black Board (OBB), and District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) were introduced. The Ninth Five Year Plan (1997-2002) aimed at generating employment opportunities in the secondary sector, all-round development of agricultural sector, strengthening the rural economy through development of agro-based industries, small- scale village and cottage industries and elimination of poverty. As against these objectives, the programmes for self- employment, and Manufacturing examples, supplementary wage employment and other programmes intended to continue during the the prince machiavelli, Ninth Plan with some modifications. These important antipoverty programmes include the IRDP, TRYSEM, JRY, IAY, IJRY, SFPP, DPAP and EAS etc. The IRDP, DWCRA, TRYSEM, MWS were in operation till the Identity and Citizens' Right, end of 1998-99. It was felt that; this fragmented approach with a multiplicity of schemes was not able to focus on the prince machiavelli, the needs of the rural poor in a coherent manner. Quote. Hence these schemes were amalgamated by machiavelli Government of India and merged into a single new scheme called Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) with effect from Riordan Manufacturing Essay examples, 1.4.1999.

In order to create adequate infrastructural development the machiavelli, Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) was also implemented on the same date. All the plan strategies for rural development based on various approaches like, growth-based approach in first Three Five Year Plans (First Five Year Plan, Second Five Year Plan, Third Five Year Plan), which was popularly known as trickle down approach. The Fourth Five Year Plan based on Target group approach. The Fifth Five Year Plan highlights the target group approach with equal importance to Minimum Needs approach to rural development. The Sixth, Seventh, Eighth and Communication Essay, Ninth Five Year Plan in the prince our country adopt the target group approach for rural development. The important elements of rural development strategies are: (1) Appropriate Institutional Arrangements. (2) Labour Intensive agriculture and Minor development works. (3) A hierarchy of development centres to bridge the wide gap between rural and urban areas and self- reliance.

(4) An active policy for Riordan Essay, social development, and. (5) Appropriate Organisational arrangements. The Rural Development Programmes based on the prince machiavelli, various approaches and strategies. These are varies according to plan and the Nature of the programme. However, all the Rural Development Programmes have its own feature, objectives finance system, implementation and monitoring as well as success and failure. The discussion on some of the important rural development programme will throw light in this respect. 3. Transcontinental Railroad Essay. Essay on the Rural Development Programmes in India: India started her planned economic development through Five Year Plans in the year 1950-51. The economy of the Country has been dominated by the prince the rural and traditional economic sectors.

The productivity of these sectors has not changed significantly over the period of 50 years. Manufacturing. The existence of massive unemployment and poverty is the common feature of Indian economy in general and rural economy in particular. The infrastructure of the country has not developed up to the world standard. It is proper to mention here that, we have achieved little over the period of 50 years of the prince machiavelli planned economic development. The planners and policy makers have been laid best possible efforts for the development of the economy and rural development. Due to a number of rousseau factors, desired success has not been achieved so far. However, we would like to discuss some of the important rural development programmes implemented in our country as well as the states and the prince, Union Territories from time to time. The aims and objectives of these programmes are national in nature and National Cards to Privacy, the progress and achievements are based on the secondary data available.

As one of the the prince, under developed state, the progress and rousseau contract, achievements of rural development programmes of Orissa. Some comparative analysis of the R.D. Programmes implemented in the country and the prince, the State Orissa is also made. Since 1951 a number of rural development programmes have been implemented in our Country. Among such programmes/schemes, twenty five important rural development programmes considered for analysis. These programmes covers all plan periods i.e.; First Five Year Plan (1950-51 to 1955-56) to Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-97). (i) Community Development Programme (CDP): India as an independent Country started its planned economic development process in the year 1950-51.

The First Five Year Plan 1950-51 to 1955-56 based on methodical approach. The noted Harrod-Domar Model of development was adopted in the said plan. Essay National To Privacy. The model emphasised on capital accumulation and saving. The process of economic development must start from the village was also emphasised in the first plan. In this context, the mobilisation of peoples participation is essential and to implement this ideology, the Community Development Programme (CDP) was conceived. The Community Development Programme was launched on 2nd October 1952.

A general village community in India can be divided into six main groups as follows: (i) The owners of land and those who have hereditary rights of tenancy. (ii) The sub-tenants or tenants at will. (iii) Landless Agricultural labourers. (iv) Village Artisans. (v) Money lenders and Shopkeepers. (vi) Persons in the professions or in personal services, e.g. doctors, lawyers, barbers, village officials. Taking all into the prince consideration the objectives of Community Development Programme was framed.

The important objective of Community Development Programme is to create an urge among the rural people for a better life and to show the way to satisfying this urge predominantly by means of self-help. This objective is to be attained by revitalising the existing village institutions and creating new ones where ever necessary. The programme emphasized to give effects to an intensive and comprehensive programme covering all aspects of Essay rural life; i.e.; agriculture, rural industries, education, housing, health, recreation and services etc. and aimed at the prince utilizing under a democratic set up the surplus labour force in rural areas for explain the term speech, development purpose. It also aims at the largest possible extension of the principle of cooperation and every effort to made to make rural families credit worthy. The Community Development Programme as a peoples programmes introduced and implemented through Local-self Government and the rural people. The Prince Machiavelli. The Local Self Government get further boost after the Transcontinental Railroad Essay, recommendation of Balwantrai Mehtas formulation of the prince machiavelli Democratic decentralisation in the forms of village Panchayats, Panchayat Samities and Zilla Parishads. The Finance for the Community Development Programme is drawn both from the people and the Government. Being a peoples programme prescribes a qualifying scale of voluntary contribution from the people in the form of labour as well as money. Manufacturing Examples. The State Government and the Central Government with due sharing basis meet the balance expenditure in a block. The Community Development Programme was launched in the prince machiavelli selected blocks of the State Orissa, as pilot programme.

The Community Development Programme received its momentum during Second Five Year Plan. The total expenditure of Riordan Manufacturing examples Rs. 822.91 lakhs was incurred during the the prince, Second Plan period for the said programme. By the end of the Third Five Year Plan (1965-66) period there were 147 Stage I blocks, 139 Stage II blocks bringing the total number of rousseau contract quotes blocks to machiavelli 314. Thus, all the blocks were covered under Community Development Programme. The total expenditure under this programme was Rs 1767 lakhs. The Community Development Programme has attained its pick during the Fourth Five Year Plan (1969-1974). During the said period all the Stage I block converted to Stage II and large number of stage II block to post-stage II blocks. It is Transcontinental Essay observed that there were 43 CD blocks in stage II and the remaining 271 blocks in the prince the post stage II or in stage III.

Total Fund of Rs 850 lakhs were earmarked for the programme. Besides, special development schemes on quote on leadership, irrigation, Agriculture extension, animal husbandry, horticulture, drinking water and machiavelli, communication were also implemented in seven backward districts of the State. In this respect a total sum of Rs 225 lakh has been earmarked. The contribution of Community Development Programme to the rural development are: (1) The setting up of a network of community development blocks covering the length and breadth of the country, thus enabling the National Cards to Privacy, government to reach the rural population in almost any aspect of their life, (2) The transfer of powers and functions for implementing the programme to the elected representatives at the village, block and the prince machiavelli, district levels, thereby paving the way for democratic decentralisation through a three-tier Panchayati Raj System. The National Institute of Community Development conducted a survey to assess the needs, impact of CDP They concluded that the process of modernisation has reached all strata, and going to do so at a faster pace in future, but this has not resulted in any violent reaction on the part of the lower classes. The ideology of peoples participation through Panchayati Raj System, in machiavelli absence of proper education and discipline resulted in conspicuous alienation of the rousseau contract, weaker sections of the rural communities by the privileged classes. The latter could secure the benefits of the programme because their contribution was not free but charged with consideration.

It is observed that the whole programme suffered from lack of vitality, and was tending to generate only into a number of material benefits for machiavelli, a limited few. The official agencies responsibility for Transcontinental Railroad, implementation of development activities lacked in understanding the new climate because they were manned by those officials who were trained in the particular framework. Besides, their bureaucratic approach also appeared to be a hindrance in the prince machiavelli initiating the programmes. The critics complained that the Community Development Programme has given a new look but not the food to the rural poor. It is no denying a fact that the expenditure on building the institutions for social change was larger than the social, expenditure incurred on productive purposes. Thus, its social contents superseded the economic contents though it was assumed to the instrument of economic transformation.

(ii) Intensive Agricultural District Programme (IADP): The Intensive Agricultural District Programme (IADP) as a package programme was very strongly recommended by Agricultural Production Team of the Ford Foundation (USA) on the prince, 1959. This programme was put into action during 1960-61. The important objective of the rousseau quotes, programme was to improve the agricultural production in a integrated and intensified manner. This programme was introduced in selected districts of the country. The selection of these districts was made on the prince, the basis of: (a) The district should as far as possible have assured water supply.

(b) It should have a minimum of natural hazards, (c) It should have well developed village Institutions like Cooperatives and Panchayats. (d) It should have maximum potentialities of increasing agricultural production within a comparatively short-time. Quote On Leadership. Taking the criteria into consideration Sambalpur district was selected in Orissa. It was decided to implement for the development of Rabi Crops in 1962-63. This programme was introduced in all the 29 blocks of the district. The Prince. In the second phase of the programme main thrust was given on the increase of Riordan Manufacturing Essay examples higher yielding paddy in the Khariff extending the area under various commercial and horticulture crops and on promoting efficient soil and the prince, water management practices. Required inputs, know how and financial provisions are made for the success of the programme. Sambalpur district not only self-reliant in explain the term speech Rice Production but also treated as a main rice-producing district of the State.

The IADP has been a Path finder for successful programme. (iii) Intensive Agricultural Area Programme (IAAP): The Third Five Year Plan (1960-65) aimed to achieve self- sufficiency in food grains and increase agricultural production to meet the requirements of industry and exports. Besides, the mid-term appraisal of the Third Five Year Plan observed that Much greater emphasis should be given to the development of the prince scientific and progressive agriculture in an intensive manner in areas where a high agricultural production potentialities. The Government of India formulated the Intensive Agricultural Area Programme (IAAP) with a view to National Right cover at least 20 per cent to the prince machiavelli 25 per cent of the cultivated area of the country and this area should be selected for the intensive development of import crops such as wheat, paddy, millets, cotton, sugarcane, potato, pulses etc. The programme was launched in 1964-65. The aim of IAAP was to bring about a progressive increase in the production of main crops in selected areas by an intensive package approach i.e.; the use of inter-related factors physical, social and institutional-in-strategic combination which were likely to exert an impact on Transcontinental Essay, agricultural production. It was decided to implement such programme in the selected blocks of the country as well as the state. The selection criteria were the blocks having a minimum irrigated area of 5 thousand acres.

In Orissa a total of 86 blocks were covered under the Intensive Agricultural Area Programme during the the prince machiavelli, period of Identity Cards Right to Privacy Fourth Five Year Plan an the prince machiavelli, additional 46 blocks were brought under the Essay, programme, taking total coverage of blocks up to 132. The required funds for the programme were met from the plan and non-plan expenditure of the Agriculture and allied activities. The programme paved the way for the prince, the introduction of Riordan examples Green Revolution in machiavelli India. The Introduction of High Yielding Varieties Programme (HYVP) reduced the importance of IAA Programme in the State as well in the country. (iv) High Yielding Varieties Programme (HYVP):

The High Yielding Varieties Programme (HYVP) was launched in teddy roosevelt quote the country from the kharif seasons of 1966-67 as a major plank of new agricultural strategy under the economic planning system. The important objective of the programme was to attain self-sufficiency in food by the end of 1970-71. The programme envisages the introduction and spread over fairly large areas of the newly identified and evolved high yielding variety of paddy, wheat, maize, jowar and bajra. The HYVP proposes to make a technological break-through in Indian agriculture which consists of the introduction of new and high-yielding varieties of the prince machiavelli improved seeds, increased application of the right amount of fertilizers and extension of the use of pesticides so that the crop produced is not destroyed by insects. To enable the farmers to the term language needs undertake this agricultural practice, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) agreed to relax the usual terms and conditions in respect of Central Cooperative Banks (CCBs) for the purpose of financing such cultivators. During the Fourth Five Year Plan about 742.6 thousand hectares of land was brought under the HYV programme in Orissa. This has increased to about 1860 thousand hectares of land during Fifth Five Year Plan with an investment of machiavelli about Rs. 2 Crores. This programme mainly confined to the term speech and communication good land and to those farmers who have the resources and the prince, the adaptability to embrace the quote on leadership, progress of technology. This programme became successful in the prince the states like Punjab, Haryana and a part of Communication in Society Essay Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu in general and Punjab, and Haryana in particular, where wheat is the main food crop.

The rice and other commercial crops reported insignificant improvement in their production. Orissa as non-wheat producing state received insignificant growth in food production. (v) Small Farmers Development Agency (SFDA): The Reserve Bank of India appointed All-India Rural Credit Review Committee on 1969, under the the prince machiavelli, Chairmanship of Sri B.Venkatappiah. The committee in its-interim report recommended for the establishment of Small Farmers Development Agency (SFDA) in following words: The special efforts proposed are to be restricted to quote those cultivators who can be developed into surplus farmers if they adopt improved techniques on the basis of support in terms of supplies, irrigation, services of machinery etc. Appropriate schemes have to be drawn up by the prince technical experts with reference to teddy on leadership local resources and requirements, so that such cultivators can undertake specific lines of investment (e.g. sinking of wells) adopt a suitable crop pattern, use modern inputs and so on.

It is to deal with this limited problem that in institutional setup in the form a Small Farmers Development Agency may be established in machiavelli certain selected districts. The important functions of the Agency was to: (i) Investigate and Riordan, identify the problems of small farmers and endeavour to see that the provision of various services and supplies to small farmers is ensured, (ii) Help small farmer to secure loans from machiavelli, co-operative banks and other assistance like obtain improved seeds, fertilizers and other inputs, (iii) The agency is to provide various services such as spraying of insecticides, hiring out of tractors and land leveling to small farmers through the agro-industries corporations or other appropriate bodies and institutions including cooperatives and local authorities such as Zilla Parishad and extension services, (iv) To draw up plans for investment and production activities to be undertaken by roosevelt the cultivators participating in the programme, (v) To explore the possibility of adding to the income of the small farmers by assisting them in taking up animal husbandry activities such as dairy and poultry, (vi) It should endeavour to the prince machiavelli promote the flow of quote on leadership short-term, medium- term and long-term co-operative credit to machiavelli small cultivators for appropriate purposes from the Agricultural Credit Societies and Central Cooperative banks on the one hand and Railroad Essay, the land development banks on the other. The scheme was included in machiavelli the Fourth Five Year Plan. However, the scheme actually started functioning on a significance scale in the year 1971-72. The schemes were implemented in selected districts by a separate agency constituted under the Societies Registration Act.

The scheme was financed by Transcontinental the State and Central Government on matching basis. The provision of subsidy was also made by the agency at the rate of 25 per the prince, cent to non-tribal small farmers, 33.3 per the term speech and communication, cent to non-tribal marginal farmers and 50 per cent to Tribal farmers in capital investments and inputs subject to maximum of Rs 3000 and Rs 5000 respectively for any farmers. In Orissa, the machiavelli, Small Farmers Development Agency was implemented in three districts. They were Bolangir, Dhenkanal and Ganjam. During first two years of the programme, could not make much headway because of a number of Communication initial difficulties. The loans were advanced to the farmers under this scheme were utilised mostly for productive purposes.

Orissa stand second in utilisation of loans in all-India basis after Kerala. The State utilised about 83.6 per cent of the loans sanctioned under the scheme. During the the prince machiavelli, period between 1971-72 and 1980, about 272 lakh families in 115 blocks less than seven SFDA were benefitted. The Term And Communication. The total loans mobilised stood at Rs. 38.4 crores. A total expenditure incurred towards subsidies and the prince machiavelli, agency staff was Rs. Explain The Term Speech Language And Communication. 14.8 crores. The SFDA was the first rural development programme in the country where the Central Government, State Government and Financial Institutions maintained proper linkage for the success of the programme. However, the programme had been merged with the machiavelli, Integrated Rural Development Programme since 2nd October 1980. (vi) Marginal Farmers and Aiding Essay, Agricultural Labourers Development Agency (MFALDA):

The Marginal Farmers and Agricultural Labourers Development Agencies were set up along with SFDA on the recommendation made by the prince machiavelli Rural Credit Review Committee (1969). The principal objective of the programme is to assist the rousseau social, marginal farmers and agricultural labourers in maximum productive use of their small holding and skills by undertaking horticulture, animal husbandry and other economic activities, like rural industries etc. The important functions of the programme were to: (i) Identify eligible beneficiaries and their problems. (ii) To formulate economic programmes for providing gainful employment to the participants, (iii) To promote infrastructural facilities for production, processing, storage and marketing of products. (iv) To promote rural industries. The necessary credit for productive investment was provided by the prince Institutional Financing Agencies like, Cooperatives and Commercial banks. Besides provision of matching subsidies were also provided to the beneficiaries. The non-Tribal Marginal farmers and Agricultural labourers were eligible to receive subsidies worth 33.3 per cent on explain the term language and communication, the capital investments and inputs, whereas this was 50 per the prince machiavelli, cent for Essay and Citizens' Right, tribal beneficiaries, subject to maximum of Rs 3000/- and Rs 5000/- respectively. The Marginal Farmers and Agricultural Labourers Development Agency was launched during the year 1971-72 in the districts of Cuttack and Keonjhar. Machiavelli. During first two years both short and Aiding Essay, medium-term loans amounted to Rs 61.32 lakhs and Rs 45.97 lakhs respectively were advanced to about 9 thousands and 8 thousand Farmers respectively.

A total sum of Rs 1.6 cores was earmarked in the year 1974-75. This amount has increased to Rs 4.2 crores in the year 1975-76. Under the project 2.6 lakh Marginal farmers and 0.3 lakh Agricultural Labourers were identified and benefitted under the programme. Among them about 70 per the prince, cent of the beneficiaries were enrolled as members of cooperative societies. (vii) Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP):

A Rural works programme was initiated in 1970-71 with the objective of providing development investment in drought prone areas. During the Fourth Five Year Plan the main emphasis of the programme was on labour intensive works such as medium and minor irrigation, road construction, afforestation, soil conservation and provision of drinking water. In the Fifth Plan, this scheme was re-oriented as an area development programme. The strategy of this programme was to improve the teddy roosevelt quote on leadership, economy of the areas covered, through a package of infrastructural and machiavelli, on-farm development activities with the objective of optimum utilisation of land, water, human and livestock resources. This programme was also targeted the weaker sections of the society like, Small and Marginal farmers, Agricultural Labourers and other rural poor, who have no assured source of income. Co-operative societies were organised to act accordingly. This programme implemented in the areas where the monsoon is most unpredictable vis-a-vis it also laid emphasis for the inclusion of target group people. Thus, this programme was the first in its category, which included both the area approach and target group approach. The DPAP was implemented in the chronically drought affected districts of Orissa. Considering the concentration of weaker sections as well as drought prone area the programme was implemented in 11 blocks of Kalahandi and 14 blocks of Phulbani district in Orissa. During the Fourth Plan the scheme was fully financed by the Government of India.

The Government of India revised the programme during Fifth Five Year Plan. As per the revision the programme was financed by Central State Governments on 50:50 matching basis. In Fourth Five Year Plan the Central Government sanctioned an explain the term needs, amount of Rs 3.4 Crores to Orissa for the programme. During the the prince, years 1974-80 expenditure on the programme was stood at Rs 14.2 Crores on different schemes. The programme has been extended to 14 more blocks of Bolangir and Sambalpur districts (8 blocks in rousseau social contract quotes Bolangir and 6 blocks in Sambalpur) bringing total blocks to 39 in 4 districts of the State. The State Plan allocation for the Sixth Plan was Rs 7 Crores against the anticipated expenditure of the prince Rs 7.1 Crores. The total plan expenditure for DPA Programme during the Essay, Seventh Five Year Plan (1985-90) was Rs 26.5 Crores.

The launching of the prince machiavelli Eighth Plan was delayed by two years due to political instability in the country. However the programme received Rs 12.7 Crores in 1990-91 and 1991-92. The Drought Prone Area Development Programme is being operated in 47 blocks (2 blocks each in language needs Boudh, Sonepur, Dhenkanal, 12 blocks in Phulbani, 10 blocks in Kalahandi, 8 blocks in Bolangir, 6 blocks in Bargarh and 5 blocks in the prince machiavelli Nuapada districts) Spread over to 8 districts of the social contract, State during the Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-97). The Total expenditure incurred under the plan was Rs 36.9 Crores. The total Funds available during 1997-98 at; the all-India level was about Rs 913 lakhs.

The total Expenditure incurred during the year was Rs 436 lakhs. The expenditure was thus 47.8 per cent of the machiavelli, total funds available under the programme. The percentage share of total expenditure to total funds available was about 48.6 per cent. (viii) Integrated Tribal Development Agencies (ITDA): Next to Africa, India has the largest concentration of the tribal population in the World. Though all the states have tribal population in various degrees of concentration, majority of them is found in Bihar, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan and West Bengal. Economic backwardness of the tribal population has undoubtedly occupied considerable interest among our planners. The First Five Year Plan laid down its priorities for tribal development in three broad categories namely education, economic uplift and health, housing and other schemes. Since then each five year plan has chartered new strategies for achieving these basic objectives. During the Second Five Year Plan, multi-purpose tribal blocks were set up which were later re-named as Tribal development blocks in the Third Five Year Plan. Expenditure on tribal development too, increased several fold over the plan periods.

However, these efforts did not bring about any substantive change among the majority of the tribal population. Essay To Privacy. It is noticed that, in the first three plans emphasis was placed on sectorial plans under various subjects such as agriculture, industry, transportation, health and education etc. Most of these were conceived at the National or at the State level. The Fourth Five Year Plan gave importance to planning at the district level and to experimental studies on growth centres for evolving a planning strategy at the grass-root level. In this context, the machiavelli, Government of India has sanctioned pilot projects for tribal development in the central agricultural sector. Among the Six projects sanctioned in All-India level, Ganjam and Koraput districts were selected in Orissa. The outlay on each of these projects was Rs 2 Crores. Under the Tribal Development Agencies (1972-73) the Tibetan Re-settlement scheme at Chandragiri of Ganjam district and a Saura Development Scheme in Koraput district were brought out.

A new strategy has been evolved for planning the development of the tribal communities during the Fifth Plan period. Roosevelt Quote. The new strategy envisages the preparation of a sub- plan for the tribal areas. The first exercise in this regard is to demarcate the tribal areas based on the tribal population. (i) Areas, where the tribal concentration of 50 per cent or above. (ii) Areas of dispersed tribal population below 50 per cent. (iii) Extremely backward and isolated little communities.

In order to implement the sub-plan programmes 21 ITDAs were constituted covering 118 out of 314 blocks in the state. Each ITDA has a project level committee under the Chairmanship of Collector with official and non-official and Tribal women as members. They have to machiavelli draw up the explain the term, plan and programmes at ITDA level and review and monitor the developmental activities of different Department. Each ITDA is headed by a Class I officer with supporting staff like Special Officer, Assistant Engineer, Junior Engineer, Statistical Assistant, Soil Conservation/Agricultural Extension Officer and other clerical staff. 15 Project Administrators have been declared as Additional District Magistrates for exercising powers under different regulatory laws.

There were about 47 thousand villages in Orissa; out of that 18.7 thousand villages were in Tribal sub plan of machiavelli which 14 villages were declared as ITDP villages. They were spread over to about 98 blocks of the State up to 1977-78. A total financial outlay of Rs 189 crore was earmarked for rousseau quotes, the programme in 1979-80 with a view to cover about 2 thousand families. The total estimated flow of resources during the sixth plan period was Rs 700 Crores. It is observed that 36 per cent of the total outlay of the State during Sixth Plan Period was earmarked for investment as against the prince machiavelli, 23 per cent during fifth plan period. About 5.0 lakh tribal families were assisted under various anti- poverty programmes (including IRDP ERRP) during Sixth Plan Period. During the Seventh Plan period, about 7.6 lakh families were covered under the Riordan Manufacturing Essay examples, plan with the plan expenditure of machiavelli Rs 1440 Crores. The plan allocation for the sub-plan during the Transcontinental Railroad Essay, year 1990-91 and 91-92 was estimated at Rs 391 crores and Rs 590 crores respectively. The proposed flow of funds for the prince machiavelli, the Eighth Plan Period (1992-97) was estimated at Rs 3885 Crores. The Flow of funds during 1992-93 was of the order of Rs 459 Crores. This covered about 34 families.

The total funds for the year 1993-94 have increased to Rs 466 crores. Further more the plan expenditure under the programme was Rs 568 Crores. Under the plan 43 thousand families were benefitted in the year 1993-94. Where as this stood at 41 thousand during 1994-95. During 1995-96 about 96 thousand tribal families were benefitted with a total financial investment of Rs 626 Crores. The total plan out lay for the year 1996-97 and in Society, 1997-98 was Rs 862 Crores and Rs 749 Crores respectively. (ix) Modified Area Development Approach (MADA): Article 46 of the constitution enjoins up on the State to the prince machiavelli promote with special care the educational and economic interest of the Essay Right, weaker sections and in particular Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and to protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation. The approach for development of Scheduled Tribes was first laid down by the first Prime Minister of the prince machiavelli India, Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in his Tribal Panchseel more particularly emphasised on the preservation of tribal culture. The Tribal Sub-plan approach was operated in mid seventies.

The objectives of the quote on leadership, Tribal sub-plan strategy have basically remained two fold: (i) Socio-Economic Development of S.Ts. and. (ii) Protection of tribals against exploitation. Integrated Tribal Development Programmes in the form of Integrated Tribal Development Agencies (I T D A) were implemented in the areas where the concentration of tribal population is more than 50 per cent, and they live in extremely backward areas. For the machiavelli, all-round development of the Tribals outside the on leadership, Sub-plan areas a new programme called Modified Area Development Approach (MADA) was launched in 1978- 79. The criteria for selection of this area was areas having a population of ten thousand or more with at least 50 per cent tribal concentration.

The identified areas called as MADA Pockets. In these pockets individual family-oriented schemes as well as community benefit oriented programmes are to be implemented. There is a MADA level Advisory Committee for each MADA Sub-Collector concerned with officials and non- officials like peoples representatives as members. This Advisory Committee is the prince machiavelli responsible for in Society, drawn up programmes and overseas the machiavelli, implementation. During Fifth Plan Period 30 Modified Area Development Approach Pockets were identified and Rs 1.2 Crores was earmarked for the development of Tribal people living in those areas.

The number of pocket has increased to 37 during Six Plan period. A Total sum of Rs 5.5 Crores was allocated for the programme, where about Essay National, 10 thousand Tribal families were received assistance. There are, 45 MADA Pockets covering about 47 blocks of the State, during Seventh Plan Period. The total amount of Rs 7.2 Crores was earmarked for the implementation of different schemes. Under different schemes about 13 thousand Scheduled Tribe families were benefitted during the said plan period.

In two annual plans i.e.; 1990-91, and 1991-92 about Five thousand families benefitted under the programme. The total investment of Rs 2.2 crores and Rs 2.5 crores were made for the year 1990-91 and 1991-92 respectively. The number of MADA pockets increased to 46 during the Eighth Plan (1992-97) period. A total Fund of Rs 16.4 crores was utilities for implementation of different programmes in the MADA Pockets. During the plan period about 20 thousand tribal families were covered in the prince different programmes. (x) Command Area Development Programme (CADP):

The Command Area Development Programme was introduced in the Country in 1974-75 with a view to realising a fast and optimum utilisation of the irrigation potential created in the major irrigation projects. Riordan Manufacturing Essay Examples. In Orissa, the programme was launched in 1976-77 covering 52 blocks in the districts of Cuttack, Puri, Balasore, Sambalpur and the prince machiavelli, Bolangir. It was spread over to about 5.3 lakh hectares of land of Transcontinental Railroad three major Irrigation Projects of Mahanadi, Salandi and Hirakud. The basic concept of the Programme was to step up agricultural production by optimum utilisation of machiavelli water by controlled irrigation and adoption of Railroad multi-cropping pattern on an extensive scale. The components of C A D Project which are given highest priority in realising these objectives are: (i) Construction of machiavelli field channels. (ii) Warabandi i.e; regulated and assured water supply to the farmers. (iii) Consolidation and.

(iv) Adoption of Multi-cropping pattern. As against this background four Command Area Development Authorities have been registered as Societies under the the term speech language and communication needs, Societies Registration Act 1860. Funds sanctioned for the various schemes by the prince State and Central Government are placed at teddy their disposal in shape of grant-in-aid. A special loan account was also set up by the ARDC with 50% contribution from Central Government and 25% each by the State Government and ARDC to finance on-farm development works for the ineligible and unwilling beneficiaries. During the Fifth Plan the major achievement was, conducting of a large number of multi-crop demonstrations to make the farmers aware of the needs for having three cropping patterns. Small and the prince machiavelli, Marginal farmers were also involved themselves in the programme and became members of Co­operative Societies. A modest beginning was also made in demonstration of proper water Management by Construction of Riordan Essay field channels to serve about 3 thousand hectares of land. A total financial provision of Rs 12.5 Crores was made for the prince, the programme. The principle components of the Command Area Development Programme during the National Cards and Citizens' Right, Sixth Five Year Plan (SO­BS) have been: (i) Construction of the prince field channels including field drains. (ii) Topographical Survey.

(iii) Soil Conservation and Survey. (iv) Rotational water supply to the beneficiary farmers. (v) Multiple Crop Demonstration, including mini-kits and farmers training. During the said plan period about 1.5 lakh hectares field channel was constructed with the total expenditure of Rs 6.9 Crores. The Command Area Development Programme expanded to speech and communication 58 blocks in machiavelli the districts of Cuttack, Puri, Balasore, Sambalpur, Bolangir and Koraput. An area of 2.7 lakh hectare Culturable Command Area has been covered under field channels at the end of Seventh Five Year Plan. The Principal Component of CAD Programme during the Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-97) was: (i) Survey Planning and Design. (ii) Construction of field channels, drains and Aiding Communication Essay, land leveling. (iii) Rotational water supply.

(iv) Adaptive Trails. (v) Farmers participation. (vii) Conjunctive use of surface and ground water. (viii) Marketing and Communication and. (ix) Monitoring and evaluation.

The programme has been extended to 83 blocks in 17 districts with a Culturable Command Area of 7.4 lakh hectares during Eighth Plan Period. A total sum of Rs 18.4 Crores was spending under the machiavelli, programme during said plan period. It is observed from the available data that, during the Seventh Five Year Plan about 11.14 million hectares field channels were constructed. About 1.93 million hectare of rousseau land leveling activities and 4.96 million hectare Warabandi work was also completed during the said plan period. The total achievement during the Eighth Plan Period on construction of field channels, land leveling and Warabandi was about 1.75 M.ha, 0.14 M.ha, and 2.75 M.ha respectively. The achievement of Eighth Plan reduced due to machiavelli other alike rural development programmes introduced in the country. Railroad. The introduction of specialized watershed scheme was one of the same programmes. 4. Essay on the Institutions for Rural Development: The Rural Development in India is a very old phenomenon. The Prince Machiavelli. Social scientists and organisations had experimented this noble attempt in pre-Independence period.

Those programmes were not highlighting a unique problem of the rural poor and explain the term speech language needs, the necessary solution therein. However, the attempts so undertaken were focused mostly to the social, economic and cultural aspects of human well-being. The noble attempts made by great and machiavelli, intellectual sons of the soil could not spread over to all part of the country due to lack of government attitude and patronage. The British Government had never felt the Aiding in Society, importance of rural development in the country. The rulers felt that, rural development was a part of the prince social welfare, which is Riordan perhaps contradictory to the British ideology and policies. India became an independent nation in August 1947, from political point of view but attend its economic independence only on January 1950. After attaining the economic independence, India started its planned Economic Development Programmes with the adoption of Five Year Plan. During the process of planned economic development, Rural Development received utmost attention by the rulers, planners and policy makers. Since 1952, a number of the prince rural development programmes were introduced, implemented and discontinued in teddy the country. The programmes are varied in nature and approach.

Some of the programmes proved to be successful and some failures. The success and failure of the programmes governed by machiavelli a number of factors important among them are: (i) Nature of the programme, (ii) Approach of the programme, (iii) Finance for the programme, (iv) Implementation of the programme. Good nature, right approach, adequate finance and proper implementation may bring success to Transcontinental Essay the programme. In this connection, the last factor, proper implementation gathers top most importance as it co-ordinates other factors of success. The Prince. This can be achieved through good and right institutions. As against this background, we would like to Essay Cards and Citizens' to Privacy discuss the structure and the prince machiavelli, functions of the Essay examples, institutions established exclusively for Rural Development from time to time. These institutions can be classified into two such as: (i) Main institutions and. (ii) Ancillary institutions. The main institutions are those, which are directly responsible for the planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluation of the rural development programmes and permanent statutory in nature.

The ancillary institutions are those, which are indirectly responsible for planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation and temporary in nature. In India, a structure of policy formulating and implementing institutions has been built up in the country for the prince machiavelli, Rural Development. Some of the term language and communication needs them are at the national level, some are single purpose, some relate to a particular target groups, some relate to area, sector and commodity. However, all these institutions aim at fulfilling the national objectives of the prince machiavelli economic development in general and rural development in particular. The administrative organs of Central and State Governments involved in the process of Essay National Identity Cards and Citizens' Right rural development are at the Centre of the Organisational Structure. The spatial structure of rural development administration mainly comprises Centre, State, District, Blocks, Gram panchayats and Village. At the Centre, the Ministry of Rural Development is in the prince machiavelli charge of all rural development a programme including those relating to land reforms, village and Riordan Manufacturing Essay examples, cottage industries, town and country planning and rural roads etc. Machiavelli. This is the nodal responsibility for elementary education, adult education, rural health, rural electrification, rural water supply, housing for landless rural labour, nutrition and sanitation programmes. The ministry has also responsible for in Society Essay, all aspects of rural reconstruction and the prince, development. The Ministry lays down broad policies, devises suitable programmes and determines Central assistance etc.

In addition to Aiding in Society the Ministry of Rural Development, the ministries of Agriculture, Commerce and Civil Supplies, Energy, Irrigation and machiavelli, Industry also perform functions related to rural development. The Ministry of Agriculture is in charge of teddy quote agricultural extension, Ministry of Commerce and Civil Supplies has within its purview the Development Commissioner of Handlooms, several Commodity Boards and the public distribution system. The Ministry of Energy and Irrigation deals with all matters pertaining to the prince water resources development and irrigation and accordingly has important functions pertaining to rural development. The Central Silk Board, Coir Board, Khadi Village Industries Commission are attached to the Ministry of Industry. The Ministry of Rural Development, for rural development with proper co-operation and coordination from other ministries. The other ministries are also take active role in the rural development programmes so formulated. Besides, the Ministries, the Reserve Bank of India in the past and NABARD at roosevelt quote present play the catalytic role for the success of rural development. NABARD as the apex level financial institution for rural development provide refinance to the financial institutions working at the state level.

At the State level, the State Governments have the machiavelli, primary responsibility for the administration of developmental programmes. The Departments of agriculture, animal husbandry, irrigation, forests, education, public health and sanitation, industries, power. Government has also take active part on the monitoring and implementation of rural development programmes in the State. The State Government also formulates State level special rural development programmes other than the Central Governments Programmes. However, The State Level Organisational Committee is headed by Essay the Secretary for Rural Development, who is in the rank of Commissioner of rural development is assisted by machiavelli one Deputy Commissioner three Assistant Commissioners and a number of technical officers and the term language and communication needs, subject specialists. Besides, a representative of the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of the prince India is associated as a member of the Committee.

There are a number of Statutory Corporations, Boards and other agencies providing infrastructural, promotional and social, supporting services for the prince machiavelli, rural development. Important among them are: (i) Rural Electrification Corporation, (ii) The Central Ground Water Board. (iii) Minor Irrigation and tube well Corporations. (iv) Central and State Warehousing Corporations. (v) Central and State Seed Corporations. (vi) Food Corporation of India.

(vii) The Jute and teddy quote, the Cotton Corporation of India. (viii) National Cooperative Development Corporation and machiavelli, Cooperative banks in the State. (ix) National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation. (x) State Trading Corporations, (xi) The Handicraft and Handloom Corporations. (xii) The Boards for Coffee, Tea, Rubber, Cardamom, Tobacco, Cashew and Coconut etc. (xiii) The National Dairy Development Board. (xiv) The Khadi and Village Industries Commission. (xv) State Khadi and Village Industries Board. (xvi) The Central Silk Board. (xviii) The State Finance Corporation.

(xix) The Agro-Industries Corporation. (xx) The Marketing Regulation Boards etc. The statutory corporations and Boards works for the implementation of various rural development programmes to their expertise. At the State level the Financial Institutions also play vital roles for formulation, implementation of various rural development programmes. They form one State Level Coordination Committee taking the representatives of all financial institutions like, Cooperative banks, Nationalised Commercial banks and Regional Rural banks. Besides, the representatives of social various government departments are also participate in the prince the formulation and quote on leadership, Implementation strategy of the rural development programmes.

The representative from NABARD is also participating in the committee. One Nationalised Commercial bank acts as the convener of the committee. The Third Stage of Institutional Structure for Rural Development is the District Administration. The District Collector is responsible for law and order, Revenue Collection and developmental activities. In the the prince, past, the developmental programmes so formulated by the central and Transcontinental Railroad Essay, state governments were channelised through the District Administration, known as the District Development Coordination Committee. This committee consisting of the the prince, Project Officer, the Managing Director of the Central Cooperative Societies, one/two representatives from Cooperative Societies and a Special Rural Credit Officer.

Prior to October 1980, the rural development programme particularly beneficiary and area oriented programmes operated through specially constituted agencies. They are, Small Farmers Development Agencies, (SFDA) Marginal Farmers and Agricultural Labourers Development Agencies, Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP) and Integrated Tribal Development Programme (ITDP), etc. In 1980 the integrated rural development programme was launched. In successive time period some special programmes related to rural development are also implemented. All the programmes are to be implemented by a single agency called as District Rural Development Agency (DRDA). The earlier agencies functioning at the district level are merged with the DRDA. The District Collector/Deputy Commissioner heads the DRDA. Besides the agency has a full time Project Officers followed by Assistant Project Officers in agriculture, animal husbandry, and Railroad Essay, cooperation, a credit planning officer, rural industries officer and an economist/statistician. In addition there is one Research Officer, two senior economic investigators followed by the prince machiavelli regular supporting staff. The peoples representatives like, the Chairman Zilla Parishad, Member of Parliament, the MLA and the representatives of Weaken Sections and women are also take active part in the planning process at the district level.

The representatives of the Riordan Manufacturing, lead bank, financial institutions also take active role with the DRDA to formulate District Credit Plans. According to the Indian Constitution Amendment (74th) Act 1992 The State Governments constituted the District Planning and Development Board to provide necessary guidelines and direction to district planning units and to the prince approve the district plans prepared by the planning units. The board consists of a Chairman, a Vice-chairman and other members, viz.; all Sub-divisional Officers, all Chairman of Panchayat Samities (Block) in the district, the head of Cards and Citizens' Right to Privacy lead Bank and Presidents of machiavelli all Municipal Committees. The Chief Planning and Development officer acted as the Member Secretary. The district-planning unit comprised the Chief Planning and Development Officer, an teddy quote, economist, a Planning Officer, a Credit Planning Officer and the prince, other supporting staff.

The position of the Chairman of DPB varies from state to state. In some State a Minister of State Government chairs it and Essay Cards and Citizens' to Privacy, the district Collector is the Chairman in machiavelli some other. The Block is the Fourth Important Institution for planning and implementation of rural development programmes. The overall resource situation, to identify human resource situation, particularly from the roosevelt quote on leadership, point of view of employment, to review the ongoing development activities to the prince formulate a package of schemes/programmes to optimize production and augment employment and income, to identify gaps in infrastructure and to devise measures for filling these gaps. The Planning Commission appointed an Expert group to frame guidelines on the basis of the recommendations of Prof. M.L. Dantewala working group. As per the guideline issued on Riordan Essay examples, 1978 the block level plan should have the following component: (i) Production programmes for the target groups in the rural areas. (ii) Manpower planning and skill development in relation to production programmes. (iii) A supplementary works programme, where necessary to clear off the backlog of the prince machiavelli unemployment. (iv) A programme for the self-employed in the trades and services sector.

(v) Programme for rural Infrastructure like, market, roads, rural electrification etc. (vi) A programme for the provision of Social Services, including basic minimum needs. (vii) A programme for Institutional support to Essay National Identity and Citizens' Right the rural poor. The Administrative setup of the Blocks was defined during the First Plan Period with the inception of Community Development Programme. Machiavelli. With the implementation of Integrated Rural Development and other special developmental schemes/programmes in early 80s.

The Administrative setups of the Aiding Communication Essay, blocks were revised accordingly. The Block Development Officer is intended to be the steering wheel of the new developmental administration. The BDO is to be assisted by extension officers from different fields like; agriculture, animal husbandry, irrigation and works, cooperation, Panchayats, social education, public health, village industries and women and child welfare etc. Below the extension officer there are about 10 village level workers (VLWs) or Lady Village Level Workers (LVLWs) working for the implementation or rural development programme. There is a Progress Assistant who coordinates the machiavelli, development committee.

The peoples representatives like; Chairman Panchayat Samiti, MLA and Aiding Communication, representatives of Weaker Sections and machiavelli, women also participate in Transcontinental Essay the Developmental Planning at the block level. The Prince Machiavelli. The representatives of the financial institutions also take part in the committee while undertaking credit plans at the Block level. Village Panchayat is the last recognised institution responsible for planning and implementation of rural development programmes. The village Panchayat as an executive body implements the policies and roosevelt quote, decisions of the Gram Sabha comprising the entire population of the village. The social sanctions of the people generally strengthen the hands of the Panchayat and act as a deterrent to arbitrariness. The Panchayat organise local manpower for the developmental purposes. In almost all the states; the the prince, Gram Sabhas have been statutorily recognised and Transcontinental Essay, assigned the specific functions to direct and supervise the activities of the the prince, Village Panchayat and to some extent to Manufacturing Essay examples the Blocks. The important functions performed by the Panchayats are: (i) Civic amenities.

(ii) Social welfare activities and. (iii) Development works. The broad functions of the Panchayat are: The peoples representatives like Ward Members; Sarapanch also took part in decision-making and implementation of the programmes. The village level worker represents the block in village committee. Besides, the Panchayat Secretary, Secretary of the Cooperative Societies, the Revenue Inspectors also play active role in the village committee. Thus village committee comprises of the: (i) Village level worker. (ii) Panchayat Secretary. (iii) Secretary of the Cooperative Societies. (iv) Revenue Inspector.

(v) The Sarapanch. (vi) The ward members. (vii) The villagers are the machiavelli, General body members. It is to conclude that, the planning and Implementation of the rural development begins from the Essay, root i.e.; village and flows upward to the national level. Experience shows that the rural development programme decisions in respect of formulation, strategy approach are undertaken at the national level and that flowing downward to the village in a Trickle down approach. The Bottom up approach although exist in the country does not exist in practical sense of planning and implementation. However, the institutions for rural development are closely connected with each other, whether there exists Trickle down or Bottom up approach of planning and implementation of the the prince, rural development programmes in our country as well as the state.

5. Essay on the Observations and Problems of Rural Development : India is an economically underdeveloped country. The condition of rural economy is worse. The economic activities and rousseau contract, people employed therein have not also achieved required development/growth. In order to break the jinx of rural economic sector, Government through its different plans introduced a number of rural development programmes. The programmes are also varied in nature. They are of sector, area and target oriented programmes. The Formulation, Implementation of the programmes has also undertaken by some specialised Agencies of the prince Government.

In addition the NGOs, the Panchayati Raj institutions, financial institutions involved themselves in the success of the programmes. In course, of their function they also encountered a good number of problems. Teddy Roosevelt On Leadership. The problems were also varied in nature. As the book/based on the macro level information/data. The problems so encountered by both the implementing agencies and the beneficiaries of the programme are highlighted based on the prince machiavelli, the general observations and National Identity Cards and Citizens' to Privacy, macro-based data/information available. The problems mainly highlights the problems encountered by the Government as the planning and implementing machinery the Associated/ancillary agencies inevitable for the fruitful implementation of such rural development programmes, they are the the prince, Rural Development agencies/institutions/Departments, Financial Institutions, Non-Governmental Organisations, working as intermediary agencies for Railroad, the implementation of rural development programmes/schemes. The last agencies are the people likely or receive benefits from the rural development. They can also belong to the area and sector approach rural development programmes.

Thus, we can classify the rural development agency into machiavelli three as; Government, Intermediary/Ancillary agencies and the targeted people/beneficiaries. All the problems and observation based on the facts, information and literatures available from the secondary sources. These may not hold good in all respects. Rural Development Programmes have been conceived for the all-round development of the rural areas. However, the rural development programmes are launched in the context of general problems of the Essay, rural areas. It fails to give importance to some particular and the prince machiavelli, area issues. The rural development programmes should be micro in nature and growth oriented based on real values. As per the Guidelines all the developmental programmes in the rural areas are to be planned/formulated by the DRDA in cooperation and coordination of other departments and financial institution, agencies of Transcontinental Railroad Essay peoples representatives etc. It is often observed that these agencies, organisation failed to maintain proper coordination among each other.

All the agencies/organisations are trying their best to stick to their own principles and the prince, ideologies. In the process cooperation and coordination are not maintained. The Agencies responsible for the formulation, Implementation and evaluation of the Rural Development Programme is required to maintaining good co­ordination among them. (iii) Based on Ruling Party Principles and Ideologies : In India, the rural development programmes are conceived/launched as per Transcontinental Railroad, the principles and ideologies of the the prince, ruling party. Besides, in the participation for planning, formulation and implementation through their representatives tried to in Society maintain such principles and ideologies. The said representatives often interested to fetch more benefit to their party affiliated peoples/workers. The Prince. This does not cover the rousseau social contract quotes, problems of all class people. The Rural Development Programmes should be based on the prince machiavelli, reality and highlight the contract, real problems of the rural areas as well as the the prince machiavelli, people. The political personalities are required to change their attitudes in this respect. The rural development programmes require more capital investment.

The Economic Sectors of explain speech and communication rural areas remain more or less traditional. These sectors also adopt traditional methods of production. In order to attain rural development the transformation of technologies is required. The conditions of the prince weaker sections people are not improved after 50 years of planned economic development. The upliftment of their socio­economic condition also require high dose of Riordan Manufacturing investment. In our country, a fixed amount of funds are allocated for a particular rural development Programme.

These are distributed among the States/District as per the importance, such as geography, concentration of the prince weaker section population etc. The share of the Fund to cope with the teddy on leadership, local problems seems to be inadequate. Contributions from the public or other viable private organisations are not seeked by the Government. The Prince Machiavelli. Thus inadequate fund is a major concern for the attainment of the rural development. Indias rural economy being primarily land-based, all major developmental programmes of rural India are linked with agricultural developments. It is also evident that most of the available resources are controlled by few, this reinforces the hegemony of the few over many and the benefits do not tickle down to social contract those who need them most. Besides, the precarious land and man ratio suggests that by introducing radical land redistribution in rural India very limited egalitarian goals can be achieved and machiavelli, if done so, that will mean only sharing of poverty and no real development. Rural development plan implementation is required to be accepted by the local level functionaries who attend the District consultative committee meetings and roosevelt on leadership, that they are in a position to mobilise financial and organisational resources to fulfil accepted commitments. It is observed that the authority structure in the administration and the banks is such that those who attend such meetings are neither in a position to machiavelli accept firm commitments on behalf of their departments, banks without reference to higher authorities not to act accordingly. Although some powers are conferred to the officers to exercise but these are seems to be very limited.

All the decisions are required due approval from the higher authorities. It is observed that, there is considerable leakage of benefits to non-target sectors and groups. Most of the rural development programmes are conceived to improve the Socio-Economic condition of the weaker sections like small, marginal farmers, agricultural and non-agricultural labourers, rural artisans, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and deprived women etc. It is observed that the benefits are not properly reaching to these classes. It is often found, that, the vulnerable class of the society enjoys the Essay, real benefits. The subsidy components of the rural development programmes tend to allow to non-target groups, specially the programme implementing bureaucratic class, rather than including expansion of production base of the beneficiaries. Due to the prince illiteracy and ignorance the real benefits sometimes enjoyed by the Third party commonly speaking the middlemen and explain the term language needs, the village touts including the machiavelli, petty personnel having a little political affiliation. It is observed that a considerable number of rural development programmes/schemes having no or little sustaining impact for Riordan Manufacturing Essay examples, changing the socio-economic status of the beneficiaries. The assets created from the credit assistance of financial institutions and subsidies of the development/administrative agencies are short lived (Particularly in-case of livestock assets) failed to push the beneficiaries up on the prince, the scale of production and productivity. This is perhaps due to the existence of low or no developmental approach/thoughts.

This factor again dominated by the lack of awareness about the programmes. (ix) Dominance of Welfare over Productivity: In India, most of the rural development programmes are based on the basic welfare principles. These schemes are backed by both credit and subsidy components. Besides, development of social infrastructure facilities is also emphasised under these programmes. It is also evident that provision of long-term credit and based on machiavelli, the principle of Aiding Communication in Society Essay write off by machiavelli political parties also have adverse effect on the productivity of economic sectors. It is observed that the subsidy component is often extending up to 100 per cent in some selected schemes and class of beneficiaries. This reduces the productive motive, attitude of the beneficiaries.

(x) Based on roosevelt quote, the Principles and Policies of Political Parties : In our country most of the rural development programmes are either based on the principles of the political parties or biased by their ideologies. The Prince. Besides, the programmes again ruled/governed by cheap popular slogans or election; manifestos. Due to these, causes the programmes failed to attain the expected success. It is also observed that after the completion of one political partys rule the next political party, which assumes power, hesitates to carry out the same. Besides, the new party is also dont hesitate to wind up the ongoing programme despite of its importance and success.

In India, due to these problems, the teddy on leadership, rural development has not attained after five decades of the the prince, planned economic development. 6. Essay on the Suggestions for Essay, Rural Development in India: 1. In India, the the prince machiavelli, rural people in Railroad Essay general and the prince machiavelli, the weaker section people in particular are to depend upon Manufacturing Essay, traditional rural economic sectors for their livelihood. The rate of literacy in rural areas is the prince very low in comparison to Transcontinental Railroad Essay urban areas. Due to low literacy level, most of the rural people are not aware about the ongoing rural development programmes. The steps taken by the government in order to enhance the awareness level of the beneficiaries is not adequate. The Prince Machiavelli. The Government should open special cells for National Identity Right to Privacy, the publicity of the machiavelli, rural development programmes. The Government is required to rousseau social adopt the publicity method, which is conducive to the nature and the prince, requirement of the rural people.

The people are to National Identity Right to Privacy be provided with adequate instruments for enhancement of awareness level. The Prince Machiavelli. The existing system of publicity about the rural development is required to be re-considered and should be based on rural realities prior to the Selection of the Scheme as well as the Manufacturing, Beneficiaries, the implementing agencies should provide details of the programme to the rural people, who are likely to be benefitted serious endeavour is, therefore, needed to the prince make the rural people aware about the resources earmarked for rural development in various Government departments. 2. In our country a number of rural development programmes have been launched, implemented since 1952. It is often said that, the rural development programmes failed to attain its desired goal due to improper identification of the programmes, schemes and the beneficiaries therein. The Implementing Agencies attitude to implement the programme is target oriented. The target-oriented approach of the identification in teddy roosevelt on leadership different levels is believed to be made in a hurry. This approach forced the agencies for wrong identification of programmes, schemes and beneficiaries.

As against this, the Government should lay more emphasis on the reality rather than the target. The schemes should be appropriate to the rural conditions and the beneficiaries therein are to be selected by machiavelli the villagers or the effectively functioning Gram Sabha. The implementing agencies should take the in Society, matter seriously, while selecting the the prince, scheme as well as the beneficiaries. The selection of the schemes is needed to be made by Essay the beneficiaries. Emphasis to the prince machiavelli be given to the interest, intention, and attitude of the beneficiaries towards the Essay, scheme for rural development programmes. It is to conclude that, A realistic programme on rural development with the potentiality of the successful implementation, can only be prepared if rural poor are taken into confidence and are assisted to draw the development programme, taking the village as unit. Outsiders, as technocrats, Economists etc. should only assist them as Friends to make their own decision. 3. The important objective of rural development programme is to eradicate poverty, reduce imbalance and increase productivity of rural economic sectors.

Thus, the beneficiaries of rural development programmes are rural poor living below the poverty line. The poverty line in India determined by the relative standards. A less importance has been laid on absolute standard of poverty determination. Whatever, emphasis laid again converted to money terms, which appears to be unrealistic. A household earning income more than Poverty line income level may be poor in relation to the calorie intake. Thus, the determination of poverty line required re­considered. Besides the the prince machiavelli, identification of beneficiaries living below the poverty line (BPL) should be fixed at the realistic level. 4. The beneficiaries of the Self-employment programmes need training and education prior to their involvement in the programmes. The implementing and monitoring agencies is required to impart required training to the selected beneficiaries, before the developmental activities undertaken. Besides, rural people should be provided with the scope of expressing their own felt needs and need to be provided with an opportunity to roosevelt quote on leadership choose economic activities for their own development. 5. The wage employment programmes can be fully focused on machiavelli, rural infrastructure development and local natural resources development.

This approach will not only improve the infrastructure network but also help village people to improve their farm as well as non-farm production for which a favourable environment exists. 6. The working of the Rural Development Programme in the last decades has shown that the initiative for implementing the programmes is vested on DRDA. Teddy Roosevelt Quote. The role of DRDA is more or less confined to the planning and release of subsidies for rural development programmes. The DRDAs should play an important role for the Implementing and Monitoring of rural development programmes. Regular monitoring and evaluation of rural development programmes in machiavelli real manner could solve the ongoing problems encountered therein and can also helpful to solve the problems. This will pave the and Citizens', path of the prince success to the rural development programmes and attainment of rural development. 7. The village plans would have to be dovetailed into the district plan, which would prepare by the DRDA. Proper appraisal of the rural development schemes is needed. Besides, for the success of Rural Development Programmes it should be ensured that the Project Directors of the DRDA are given tenure of not less than three years so as to inculcate in them a sense of commitment to the programme. The other staff in the key posts should not be disturbed frequently.

8. The various Government departments with specialised expertise and banks should work in close co-operation with the district planning unit in order to have a coordinated and National and Citizens' to Privacy, scientific plan, the availability of local resources, the the prince machiavelli, potential for alternative productive works and teddy on leadership, of viable schemes, to the prince be looked into. 9. Voluntary effort will no doubt continue to grow in the coming years but it can accelerate if the Essay National Identity and Citizens' Right, environment is more congenial to its growth. The Prince. Voluntary Organisations with professional and Managerial Capabilities can act as a catalyst and can organise beneficiaries, involve people in planning and development and quotes, provide the necessary support to make development a reality. In this respect, the Government should provide required assistance to the Voluntary Organisations. 10. The prosperity of the rural economy depends directly upon the development of the prince machiavelli agriculture and industry. These to dependent variables for development again controlled by a number of independent variables. Explain Speech Language And Communication Needs. These are, power, credit, transport facilities, which include railways, roads, waterways, market, communication, information facilities etc. All these facilities and services constitute collectively the infrastructure.

The development and the prince machiavelli, expansion of these facilities are an essential pre-condition for Essay National Identity Cards and Citizens' Right, attainment of economic development and rural development. Machiavelli. The link between infrastructure and development is not once for all affair. It is a continuous process and progress in development has to be preceded, accompanied and followed by progress in infrastructure, if we are to fulfill our declared objectives of a self-accelerating process of economic development. Despite its importance the desired infrastructural development has not been achieved due to resource constraint. In view of the resource constraint, further expansion of facilities may be secured by a shift of priority from high cost technology to low cost technology, from public funding to private financing and Essay, from large-scale public management to small-scale private/co­operative/community management in the prince machiavelli appropriate areas required for explain language and communication needs, rural development. 11. The Prince. The planning, implementing, monitoring of rural development programmes has been made by the Planning Commission and its subsidiaries. In the process they have been facing a number of difficulties. Political interference is one of the difficulties faced by the Planning and Aiding in Society Essay, Implementing agencies.

This undue interference seems to be one of the important causes of failures of rural development programmes. In order to attain rural development the Planning and the prince machiavelli, Implementing agencies in the term speech our country should perform independently like the Judiciary System. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: