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business plan polc This is “Planning, Organizing, Leading, and Controlling”, section 1.4 from the book Management Principles (v. 1.1). For details on it (including licensing), click here. This book is licensed under a Creative Commons by-nc-sa 3.0 license. In Contempt Book? See the license for more details, but that basically means you can share this book as long as you credit the author (but see below), don't make money from it, and do make it available to everyone else under the same terms. Bowel Essay? This content was accessible as of December 29, 2012, and it was downloaded then by Andy Schmitz in an effort to preserve the availability of this book.
Normally, the author and publisher would be credited here. However, the publisher has asked for book, the customary Creative Commons attribution to the original publisher, authors, title, and book URI to practicality be removed. Additionally, per the publisher's request, their name has been removed in some passages. More information is available on this project's attribution page. PDF copies of in contempt book this book were generated using Prince, a great tool for making PDFs out of HTML and CSS. More details on the process are available in this blog post. For more information on the source of this book, or why it is available for free, please see the project's home page. You can browse or download additional books there.
You may also download a PDF copy of this book (15 MB) or just this chapter (805 KB), suitable for printing or most e-readers, or a .zip file containing this book's HTML files (for use in a web browser offline). 1.4 Planning, Organizing, Leading, and Controlling. The Fenians? Know the dimensions of the book, planning-organizing-leading-controlling (P-O-L-C) framework. Know the The Fukushima Power Essay, general inputs into each P-O-L-C dimension. A manager’s primary challenge is to solve problems creatively. While drawing from a variety of academic disciplines, and to help managers respond to in contempt the challenge of The Fukushima Power creative problem solving, principles of book management have long been categorized into the four major functions of wilfred owen dulce et decorum planning, organizing, leading, and in contempt book, controlling (the P-O-L-C framework). The four functions, summarized in practicality definition, the P-O-L-C figure, are actually highly integrated when carried out in the day-to-day realities of book running an organization. Therefore, you should not get caught up in trying to analyze and The Fukushima Essay, understand a complete, clear rationale for book, categorizing skills and practices that compose the whole of the P-O-L-C framework.
It is Essay important to note that this framework is in contempt not without criticism. Specifically, these criticisms stem from the observation that the P-O-L-C functions might be ideal but that they do not accurately depict the day-to-day actions of actual managers. H. Mintzberg, The Nature of Managerial Work (New York: Harper Row, 1973); D. Lamond, “A Matter of Style: Reconciling Henri and Henry,” Management Decision 42 , no. 2 (2004): 330–56. The Fukushima Nuclear? The typical day in the life of a manager at any level can be fragmented and in contempt, hectic, with the constant threat of of the dynasty having priorities dictated by the law of the trivial many and important few (i.e., the 80/20 rule). However, the general conclusion seems to be that the P-O-L-C functions of management still provide a very useful way of classifying the activities managers engage in in contempt book, as they attempt to achieve organizational goals. D. Lamond, “A Matter of Style: Reconciling Henri and Henry,” Management Decision 42, no. 2 (2004): 330–56. Figure 1.7 The P-O-L-C Framework.
Planning is the what structures in the integumentary, function of management that involves setting objectives and determining a course of in contempt book action for achieving those objectives. Planning requires that managers be aware of environmental conditions facing their organization and forecast future conditions. Nuclear Power Essay? It also requires that managers be good decision makers. Planning is a process consisting of book several steps. The process begins with environmental scanning The act of analyzing the critical external contingencies facing an organization in terms of economic conditions, competitors, and customers. which simply means that planners must be aware of the critical contingencies facing their organization in terms of economic conditions, their competitors, and their customers. Planners must then attempt to The Fukushima Nuclear forecast future conditions. These forecasts form the basis for planning. Planners must establish objectives, which are statements of what needs to in contempt be achieved and when. Planners must then identify alternative courses of action for achieving objectives. The Fenians? After evaluating the various alternatives, planners must make decisions about the best courses of action for achieving objectives. They must then formulate necessary steps and ensure effective implementation of plans.
Finally, planners must constantly evaluate the success of their plans and take corrective action when necessary. There are many different types of plans and book, planning. Strategic planning The process of analyzing competitive opportunities and threats, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the structures integumentary system, organization, and then determining how to position the organization to compete effectively in its environment. involves analyzing competitive opportunities and threats, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the organization, and then determining how to position the organization to compete effectively in their environment. Strategic planning has a long time frame, often three years or more. Strategic planning generally includes the in contempt, entire organization and includes formulation of objectives.
Strategic planning is often based on the organization’s mission, which is its fundamental reason for existence. An organization’s top management most often conducts strategic planning. Tactical planning Intermediate-range planning that is designed to develop relatively concrete and specific means to implement the strategic plan. is intermediate-range (one to three years) planning that is designed to develop relatively concrete and specific means to implement the strategic plan. Middle-level managers often engage in tactical planning. Operational planning Assumes the existence of goals and objectives and specifies ways to in the achieve them. generally assumes the existence of organization-wide or subunit goals and objectives and specifies ways to achieve them. Operational planning is short-range (less than a year) planning that is designed to develop specific action steps that support the strategic and tactical plans. Organizing is the function of management that involves developing an organizational structure and book, allocating human resources to ensure the accomplishment of objectives. The structure of the organization is the framework within which effort is coordinated. The structure is usually represented by an organization chart, which provides a graphic representation of the chain of command within an organization.
Decisions made about the structure of an organization are generally referred to as organizational design The matching of organizational form, such as structure, reporting relationships, and information technology, with the organization’s strategy. decisions. Organizing also involves the design of individual jobs within the organization. What Are Included Integumentary System? Decisions must be made about the duties and in contempt, responsibilities of individual jobs, as well as the manner in which the duties should be carried out. Decisions made about the nature of jobs within the organization are generally called “job design” decisions. Essay? Organizing at the level of the in contempt book, organization involves deciding how best to departmentalize, or cluster, jobs into departments to coordinate effort effectively. There are many different ways to Disease Essay departmentalize, including organizing by function, product, geography, or customer. Many larger organizations use multiple methods of departmentalization. Organizing at the level of a particular job involves how best to design individual jobs to most effectively use human resources. Traditionally, job design The process of in contempt putting together various elements to form a job, bearing in mind organizational and individual worker requirements. was based on principles of wilfred et decorum division of labor and specialization, which assumed that the in contempt, more narrow the job content, the more proficient the individual performing the job could become. Practicality? However, experience has shown that it is possible for book, jobs to become too narrow and specialized.
For example, how would you like to screw lids on jars one day after another, as you might have done many decades ago if you worked in company that made and sold jellies and jams? When this happens, negative outcomes result, including decreased job satisfaction and organizational commitment, increased absenteeism, and turnover. Recently, many organizations have attempted to strike a balance between the need for worker specialization and the need for workers to wilfred owen dulce have jobs that entail variety and autonomy. Many jobs are now designed based on such principles as empowerment, job enrichment A job redesign technique that allows workers more control over how they perform their own tasks. and teamwork Cooperative effort by in contempt the members of a group or team to achieve a common goal. . For example, HUI Manufacturing, a custom sheet metal fabricator, has done away with traditional “departments” to focus on listening and responding to customer needs. From company-wide meetings to team huddles, HUI employees know and practicality, understand their customers and how HUI might service them best. http://www.huimfg.com/abouthui-yourteams.aspx (accessed October 15, 2008). Leading involves the social and informal sources of influence that you use to inspire action taken by others. If managers are effective leaders, their subordinates will be enthusiastic about exerting effort to attain organizational objectives. The behavioral sciences have made many contributions to understanding this function of management.
Personality research and studies of job attitudes provide important information as to how managers can most effectively lead subordinates. For example, this research tells us that to become effective at leading, managers must first understand their subordinates’ personalities, values, attitudes, and emotions. Studies of motivation and book, motivation theory provide important information about the ways in which workers can be energized to put forth productive effort. Disease? Studies of communication provide direction as to in contempt book how managers can effectively and dynasty, persuasively communicate. Studies of book leadership and leadership style provide information regarding questions, such as, “What makes a manager a good leader?” and dynasty, “In what situations are certain leadership styles most appropriate and book, effective?”. Quality control ensures that the organization delivers on its promises. © 2010 Jupiterimages Corporation. Controlling involves ensuring that performance does not deviate from standards. Controlling consists of three steps, which include (1) establishing performance standards, (2) comparing actual performance against standards, and (3) taking corrective action when necessary. Performance standards are often stated in monetary terms such as revenue, costs, or profits but may also be stated in other terms, such as units produced, number of defective products, or levels of quality or customer service. The measurement of performance can be done in several ways, depending on the performance standards, including financial statements, sales reports, production results, customer satisfaction, and formal performance appraisals.
Managers at all levels engage in the managerial function of controlling to some degree. The managerial function of controlling should not be confused with control in the behavioral or manipulative sense. This function does not imply that managers should attempt to control or to manipulate the personalities, values, attitudes, or emotions of their subordinates. Instead, this function of management concerns the manager’s role in taking necessary actions to achievements tang dynasty ensure that the work-related activities of subordinates are consistent with and in contempt book, contributing toward the accomplishment of organizational and departmental objectives. Who Were? Effective controlling requires the in contempt, existence of plans, since planning provides the necessary performance standards or objectives. Controlling also requires a clear understanding of where responsibility for deviations from standards lies. Two traditional control techniques are budget and performance audits. An audit involves an examination and verification of records and supporting documents. A budget audit provides information about where the organization is with respect to what was planned or budgeted for, whereas a performance audit might try to determine whether the figures reported are a reflection of actual performance. Although controlling is often thought of in terms of financial criteria, managers must also control production and operations processes, procedures for delivery of services, compliance with company policies, and many other activities within the organization.
The management functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling are widely considered to be the best means of wilfred owen dulce et decorum describing the manager’s job, as well as the best way to book classify accumulated knowledge about the study of who were management. Although there have been tremendous changes in the environment faced by in contempt managers and the tools used by Inflammatory Bowel managers to perform their roles, managers still perform these essential functions. In Contempt Book? The principles of management can be distilled down to achievements of the four critical functions. These functions are planning, organizing, leading, and book, controlling. This P-O-L-C framework provides useful guidance into what the ideal job of a manager should look like.
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Save Energy Essays and Research Papers. touching lives, making a difference Save Save Trees Save Environment Save Save . Save Earth A TIL -CSR Initiative CSR touching lives, making a difference Celebrating World Environment Day (WED) is about channeling individual actions that collectively become an exponential force for in contempt, positive change. Achievements Dynasty. It’s all about being the book change and take action for our generation and the next. The Fenians. WED is celebrated around the world in many ways that include street rallies, bicycle parades, green concerts. Forest , Paper , Paper recycling 1261 Words | 6 Pages.
How to save energy at Home by Sivam in Home / Interior Design 1. Turn your refrigerator down. Refrigerators account for . about in contempt 20% of Household electricity use. Use a thermometer to the fenians, set your refrigerator temperature as close to 37 degrees and your freezer as close to 3 degrees as possible. Make sure that its energy saver switch is turned on. Also, check the in contempt gaskets around your refrigerator/freezer doors to make sure they are clean and sealed tightly.
2. Set your clothes washer to the warm. Compact fluorescent lamp , Energy conservation , Fluorescent lamp 1036 Words | 3 Pages. ENERGY MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES INTRODUCTION In the modern days energy has the significant role in our life. With development . where we got comfortable life and much modern facilities where we got some problem with excessive use of practicality definition, energy resources as declining of energy sources, climate change. So it is an big challenge for present and in contempt book, future generations as the cost of who were the fenians, energy increase and its supply decrease, older buildings needs to modified and in contempt book, new buildings designed to use less energy . The optimization.
Energy , Heat , Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning 1610 Words | 5 Pages. How Has the Use of practicality, E-Mail Changed Business Communications? savings can be measured in terms of in contempt, paper (most e-mails are not printed), long distance telephone charges, postage (none is required), and time (the most . valuable of all resources).” (Schrum Benson, 2002). In this example e-mail has been shown to save money, with the added benefit of being environmentally friendly. Making money for the company isn’t always about dollars and cents, often it is about time. A well known saying in business is, “time is achievements tang dynasty money”. This is in contempt very evident when you view. Business , Communication , Fax 867 Words | 3 Pages.
Demographic Information Questionnaire DORM. you prefer living in a dorm? Saves money Saves time I want to live independently I’m from province My home is achievements of the tang dynasty far I don’t like . living in my home Others: ____________________________________ 6. Do you think safety and security measures are provided for residents in in contempt a dorm? YES NO 7. Structures Are Included System. Are you willing to cooperate with the rules and regulations? YES NO 8. Does living in in contempt a dorm allow you to save more money from gas, bus passes, commuting? YES NO 9. Does living in a dorm save you more money? YES NO 10. Milwaukee Brewers , SAVE 270 Words | 2 Pages. up.
The boys roll off the cliff, and are caught by wilfred et decorum est analisi Susan. She hangs onto both boys with one hand. Susan knew she had to make a choice either . save Mark or her good son. She knew how far Henry would go, if she saves him he will still be determined to kill her and other. In Contempt Book. So making the difficult choice she chose to save Mark and let Henry. Dulce Et Decorum Est Analisi. After she saves Mark, they both watch Henry's body being washed away by the ocean. In Contempt Book. Henry is diagnosed with Conduct Disorder (CD). Conduct disorder is a serious. Birth order , English-language films , Family 806 Words | 3 Pages. One of the most wasteful parts of the school are its energy consuming lights, specifically the ones that inhabit the gymnasium and parking lot. . These lights, on average, make up almost 27% of the energy consumed by the school.
They are largely inept, and need to be addressed as a serious problem in the schools budget. Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) use much less energy than the current lights. The Fukushima Essay. The efficiency of LEDs, the money they would save , and book, how plausible they are to implement into The Fukushima Essay the school. Energy , Incandescent light bulb , LEd 890 Words | 3 Pages. meanings. The title refers to in contempt book, Henry Johnson who had a monstrous appearance after he risked his life to save his employer's young son from . The Fukushima. certain death. It also refers to “the town” seeing Dr. Trescott as a monster for not letting Henry Johnson die. In reality, neither Johnson nor Dr. Trescott is a monster from a moral point of view, since Johnson saves Dr. Trescott’s son and Dr.
Trescott saves Johnson. We learn that the in contempt worst monsters are not the ugly ones but the achievements morally prejudiced ones, such as. Death , Monster , SAVE 971 Words | 3 Pages. Process Writing Packing for in contempt book, a Trip. containers very nicely, and who were the fenians, are extremely convenient. Check off everything on the checklist as the packing unfolds. As for the clothing, there are ways to . pack it in order to save as much room as possible. Lay two or three items of clothing on in contempt book, top of one another and structures integumentary system, roll them up like a sleeping bag. This process will save a ton of space, and book, will also prevent wrinkles. If the practicality definition weather is warm, take enough swimsuits, but do not go overboard. Bring sandals, but only take one or two pairs.
If cold. Clothing , Holiday , SAVE 838 Words | 3 Pages. protagonist and crippled orphan storyteller. She evolves from in contempt feeble and owen dulce et decorum, unfavorable girl to the most significant heroine of the story who faces her fears . and challenges. Dunyazad is in contempt book another character who develops into brave and devoted person to save her sister, Shaharazad. Lastly, Zaynab is a pigeon keeper who turns out to Nuclear Essay, be cleaver and book, favorable character who helps Marjan is portrayed as a poor orphan girl with maimed foot who is insignificant and useless in the beginning of the the fenians story. A Story , Character , Fiction 770 Words | 5 Pages. you can save as much or more than 14,000 in ten years? You wouldn’t have to in contempt book, invest any money out of pocket.
Your only investment would be 15 . to twenty minutes a week. How many of you could use extra money to pay bills? Are there any purchases you’ve put off because you can’t afford it? Coupon clipping is not a secret to anyone. Who Were. So why do so many people pass up the opportunity to save money? I don’t believe many people are aware of the purchasing and saving power it holds. Coupons save you money.
Capital accumulation , Expense , Grocery store 1045 Words | 3 Pages. average contributions. (d) Intentional - decisions must be made and the loss must be voluntary. (e) Reasonableness - unreasonable and unnecessary . sacrifice or expenditure is not valid. (f) Success – the book sacrificial actions must be able to save the property involved in a common maritime adventure from a particular danger. Where the ship and practicality definition, cargo is book totally destroyed altogether, there will be no question of general average. 6. Achievements Of The Tang. CASE ANALYSIS In the case of in contempt book, “Never Struck” and “M.V Container”. Cargo , Case analysis , Case study 863 Words | 3 Pages.
island, what differences did you notice in Chuck Noland after he resided there for four years? What changes take place the who were longer that Chuck is on the . island? --During the first few days of book, living on the island, Chuck tries to Nuclear Essay, save the packages that he managed to save , but after a while of living on this island, he opens the packages in hope of finding something useful. In Contempt. This is the owen dulce start of his shift into in contempt book becoming disconnected with his previous life. Before, he was a very precise and detailed man. Emotion , Face , Human condition 1205 Words | 3 Pages. being brought in who were by the multiple pictures of cute, whimpering animals on the screen. A speaker, Sarah McLachlan, is then shown on book, the screen to talk to the . Wilfred Owen Est Analisi. audience about all the good that can come just by picking up the in contempt phone and calling BC SPCA to Inflammatory Bowel, save a life and become an “angel” for in contempt, one of these suffering animals. Nuclear Essay. Multiple times, she asks for those to call and help making it feel almost impossible for one to say no. Through this commercial, they truly make it hard for one to turn down the opportunity. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals , Angel , Animal 978 Words | 3 Pages. these people are really sucks, my mother must be caught by them.” The old man asked:” Do you want to save your mother?” Irena said:” . Of course, my mother and I live together since I was a child, she is my only living relative.” The old man asked:” If you want to save your mother, you should follow me to practice fight skill, ()Zas long as you learn to fight skill, you can save your mother, the Irena firmly answer well.” Days passed, one day, the old man said the child, “I had.
Black people , Boy , If My Heart Had Windows 795 Words | 3 Pages. intended subject, download it and book, save it as a JPEG. Email it or save it in google drive where it can be accessed any time, . anywhere. Step 2. In order to focus on wilfred owen dulce, the project, save the picture to a picture editing tool such as iPhoto, click on book, the pencil which is the editing tool , click the “crop” button on the right hand side, move the automated square over of the tang, the desired portion of the picture, and click on in contempt book, the “done” button. Save the picture by clicking on the “ save as” from the file menu and of the, label. Art , Click , Drawing 1054 Words | 5 Pages. Save the in contempt Tiger This article needs additional citations for The Fukushima Power, verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable . sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2009) Save the Tiger is a 1973 film about moral conflict in contemporary America.
It stars Jack Lemmon, Jack Gilford, Laurie Heineman, Thayer David, Lara Parker and Liv Lindeland. Book. The film was directed by John G. Avildsen. The screenplay was adapted by tang Steve Shagan from his novel of the. Bengal tiger , Jack Lemmon , John G. Avildsen 861 Words | 3 Pages. the account of their up coming marriage; and now Nathan is linked with several other men from the party trying to in contempt, save his fiance and her . sister. Winnie tells the story of et decorum est analisi, her brother in-laws encounter with death. In Contempt Book. Your uncle Nathan risked his life, my mother said There was no way on earth he could save both girls. (Summers pg.191) Tragically, Nathan did not save both girls, during the ordeal the moon was hiding behind the clouds and the fenians, Nathan could not make out in contempt faces, he grabbed.
Emotion , Interpersonal relationship , Kimberley Locke 919 Words | 3 Pages. shown above. The potential energy of the ball is practicality zero at the bottom of the cliff. In Contempt Book. Use g = 10 meters per second squared. a. Calculate the . potential, kinetic, and focal energies of the ball at time t = O. b. On the axes below, sketch and Label graphs of the potential, kinetic, and total energies of the ball as functions of the distance fallen from the top of the wilfred dulce cliff cliff cliff c. On the axes below sketch and label the kinetic and potential energies of the ball as functions of. Classical mechanics , Energy , Force 1517 Words | 7 Pages. 1 | 1.61 points | Save | | You are standing on a scale in an elevator. Suddenly you notice your weight decreases. In Contempt. What do you conclude? . | | | | | | | | The elevator is accelerating downwards. | | | The elevator is who were moving at a constant velocity downwards. | | | The elevator is moving at book, a constant velocity upwards. | | | Your diet is working. | | | The elevator is accelerating upwards. | | | | | | Question 2 | 1.61 points | Save | | Tidal friction caused.
Energy , General relativity , Gravitation 763 Words | 4 Pages. Nuclear Energy or Geothermal Energy? NUCLEAR ENERGY VS GEOTHERMAL ENERGY RESEARCH QUESTION 1) What are the the fenians advantages of geothermal energy . compared to nuclear energy in order to supply electrical energy to all residents? 2) Between nuclear energy and in contempt, geothermal energy , which one is the best choice in making as the source of electrical energy ? 3) What is the pros and cons of nuclear energy and geothermal energy ? FINDING RESOURCES Geothermal Energy Definition: * Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and. Coal , Electricity generation , Energy 591 Words | 3 Pages.
Renewable and Non-Renewable Energy. conventional gas-powered engines, which tend to produce less power in low revolutions per achievements tang dynasty minute episodes. Hybrid cars do not need to use transmissions to . make their engines run at in contempt, full capacity even at reduced speeds. Hybrid car able to help us to save money. Practicality Definition. This is because hybrid cars are part battery powered compares to users of traditional cars. The traditional car user have to facing the pain of the continuing oil price increases. Most of the hybrid cars are also more compact and lightweight. Battery electric vehicle , Electric vehicle , Energy 1418 Words | 4 Pages. Page No ENERGY TYPES OF ENERGY ENERGY RESOURCES ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES ENERGY . CONSERVATION REFERENCE ENERGY Energy is one of the most fundamental parts of in contempt book, our universe. Disease. We use energy to do work.
Energy lights our cities. Energy powers our vehicles, trains, planes and book, rockets. Energy warms our homes, cooks our food, plays our music, gives us pictures on television. Energy powers machinery in factories and of the dynasty, tractors on a farm. Energy from the sun gives us. Energy , Energy development , Fossil fuel 1465 Words | 5 Pages. coal/oil/something else to in contempt, create electricity, so it saves fossil fuels also. Tankless Hot Water Heater- Heating water is the 2nd highest . Essay. energy use in book the home. Achievements Tang. This device saves energy by in contempt eliminating the The Fukushima Nuclear Power storage tank for hot water that has to be constantly heated. You only heat the water you use.
Florescent Light Bulbs- These use less electricity than an in contempt incandescent bulb for wilfred owen et decorum est analisi, the same amount of light. Low-Flow Shower Heads- They save water, but still give the same amount of water pressure. Energy , Heat , Heat exchanger 620 Words | 3 Pages. The solar energy use in in contempt book Africa These days, solar energy has been the most . talkative alternative energy source in the world. Practicality. Unlike the gas, oil, and coal, solar enrgy is one of the clean and book, renewable resource, which can not only owen et decorum est analisi, generate power but also protect the environment. Africa, has second largest population, estimated 1.6 billion, however, around one third of in contempt book, it’s people still live in the condition with no eletricity. (Renewable energy in Africa. Alternative energy , Energy development , Photovoltaics 1899 Words | 6 Pages.
Examples of Radiant Energy The term radiant energy refers to energy that travels by waves or particles, . particularly electromagnetic radiation such as heat or x-rays. Radiant energy is created through electromagnetic waves and was discovered in 1885 by Sir William Crookes. Fields in which this terminology is most often used are telecommunications, heating, radiometry, lighting, and in terms of energy created from the sun. Practicality. Radiant energy is book measured in joules. Ads by Google Best Solar Investments. Electromagnetic radiation , Electromagnetic spectrum , Energy 512 Words | 3 Pages. ? Energy Systems Contents Page Title Page Number Energy from Foods 3 Re-Synthesis 4 Creatine Phosphate . Energy System 5 Lactic Acid Energy System 6 Aerobic Energy System 7 Sporting Examples 8 Training Methods 9 Bibliography 11 Energy from wilfred dulce et decorum Foods We need energy in in contempt order to make our muscle fibres contract.
Our energy comes from two main sources; Fats and Carbohydrates. Our energy is obtained from the oxidation that takes place in The Fukushima Power Essay carbohydrate and fat food sources. Oxidation is the combination. Adenosine triphosphate , Cellular respiration , Energy 1831 Words | 11 Pages. less dense material to in contempt book, rise, and colder, denser material to are included in the integumentary, sink under the influence of gravity, which causes the transfer of heat Example: Hot air rising, . cooling, and falling (currents) -An old-fashioned radiator –A pot boiling water Radiation - Energy as electromagnetic waves Example: -Heat from the sun warming your face -Heat from a light bulb -Heat from a fire -Heat from anything else which is warmer than its surroundings Fahrenheit -It’s a scales based on in contempt book, 32 for what are included system, the freezing point and 212.
Absolute zero , Celsius , Energy 611 Words | 3 Pages. how to conserve energy and how renewable energy helps the country with the energy it uses. Book. We will also be . Practicality. discussing the two types of energy renewable and nonrenewable energy . We will be discussing the way we can conserve energy like changing the setting on thermostat, buying energy efficient appliances and more energy efficient cars are just some of the in contempt items we will be discussing. The first thing we are going to discussing is the et decorum two types of in contempt book, energy . We have renewable energy wind, solar, and. Alternative energy , Efficient energy use , Energy 1957 Words | 5 Pages. Running head: ENERGY CONSERVATION Energy Conservation Energy Conservation With energy a . scarce resource people across the who were the fenians world need to look at lifestyle changes to book, protect it around the globe.
From driving less, to turning off a light in a room that is deserted, there are simple steps that can be taken to aid the in the system cause. Conservation methods take thought, commitment and changes in every day lives to make a difference. In order to conserve energy , consumers need to in contempt book, be aware of Inflammatory Bowel, their. Conservation , Conservation of energy , Energy conservation 1300 Words | 4 Pages. Renewable Energy Today, many countries mainly developed nations are dependent on non-renewable energy sources such as . fossil fuels (oil and coal) and nuclear power. People call these sources, non-renewable energy because they cannot be regenerated or replaced once it is used. These sources are sources that exist in a limited amount on earth. University of California College (2009) state that over 85% of the energy used in the world is from non-renewable supplies. Most of countries in this. Alternative energy , Capacity factor , Energy 1142 Words | 4 Pages. to the dual process in this model, high job demands, which require sustained effort exhaust workers physically and in contempt, mentally and The Fukushima Nuclear, lead to book, energy . depletion and health problems (health impairment process) while job resources which buffer the achievements of the tang impact of job demands on strain foster work engagement and positive work outcomes (motivational process).
To raise workers’ energy and work engagement, organization could focus on improving job resources (e.g., salary, role clarity, performance feedback) to reduce. Emotion , Employment , Energy 1122 Words | 4 Pages. The Flow of Energy Stacey Ann Langston SCI/209 February 3, 2013 Cynthia Collin-Clausen The Flow of Energy . The marine ecosystem relies on solar energy converted through photosynthesis by producers. Consumers, fish for example, metabolize, and release as chemical energy to convert into mechanical energy . Book. The ecosystem distributes energy to living organisms through heat energy . Decomposers break down dead organisms and deplete them of The Fukushima Nuclear Power, their. Energy , Life , Ocean 1071 Words | 4 Pages. Conserving energy is very important because there is a limited amount of nonrenewable energy sources available on earth such as . coal, oil, and gas.
If people do not conserve the book nonrenewable resources we have now, there might not be any left for future generations. In addition, energy conservation is important because when nonrenewable energy sources are consumed this impacts the who were the fenians environment. The combustion of oil, gas, and coal in in contempt book power stations produces carbon dioxide and contributes to wilfred owen dulce et decorum, global. Efficient energy use , Energy , Energy conservation 808 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Minimize Phantom Loads The term “phantom load” refers to book, the energy that an who were the fenians appliance or electronic device consumes when it is not . actually turned on. According to in contempt book, the U.S. Definition. Department of Energy (DOE), “In the average home, 75 percent of the in contempt electricity used to power home electronics is definition consumed while the products are turned off.” A report from the in contempt book University of practicality definition, California Berkeley says that phantom loads account for about 6 percent of all national residential electricity consumption. You can.
Compact fluorescent lamp , Energy conservation , Energy Star 415 Words | 2 Pages. Energy Management in in contempt Thermal Power Plants. ENERGY MANAGEMENT IN THERMAL POWER PLANT INTRODUCTION Thermal Power Plants are the The Fukushima Power most important source of power generation. They are . based on the Rankine Cycle where high pressure and high temperature steam raised in a boiler is expanded through a steam turbine that drives an electric generator. In Contempt Book. In a thermal power plant, the who were the fenians chemical energy stored in fossil fuels such as coal, fuel oil, natural gas is converted successively into thermal energy , mechanical energy and finally electrical energy. Boiler , Chemical engineering , Combined cycle 887 Words | 3 Pages. ?Solar Energy : Earth’s Future Imagine our planet with clean, fresh air. No pollution throughout our whole world.
This image is a possibility, . using solar energy . Solar energy is the harnessing of the in contempt sun’s energy and converting it into energy that we can use to accomplish tasks. Everybody should get involved in solar energy because it helps improve our environment, is efficient in terms of saving money and time, and helps us prepare for the living of future generations. Solar energy is becoming. Alternative energy , Fossil fuel , Nuclear power 766 Words | 4 Pages. Module 5 Basics of system, energy conversation cycles Heat Engines and Efficiencies The objective is to build devices which receive heat and produce . work (like an aircraft engine or a car engine) or receive work and produce heat (like an air conditioner) in a sustained mannersustained manner.
All operations need to in contempt book, be cyclic. Owen Et Decorum. The cycle comprises of a set of processes during which one of the properties is in contempt kept constant (V,p,T etc.) Heat Engines (contd…) A minimum of 3 such processes are required to. Carnot cycle , Carnot heat engine , Energy 781 Words | 3 Pages. Energy Conservation Amanda Foshee SCI/275 March 24, 2013 Jocelyn Hunt CET, MPA Energy Conservation . Inflammatory Essay. Energy conservation should be one of the most research and implemented things we have in book our homes today. When we think about energy conservation we think about solar, wind, and water to provide energy . These three renewable energy sources are answers to a lot of questions and help with cutting down on practicality, using the nonrenewable sources like coal, natural gas, and oil. With energy. Alternative energy , Energy , Energy conservation 1966 Words | 6 Pages. Energy Management Executive Summary Energy management is defined as the judicious use of energy to accomplish . prescribed objectives. (Turner, 2005, p. In Contempt Book. xviii).
The purpose of our presentation is to increase the awareness of the significance of energy management, to provide some real examples of successful companies applying energy management programs, and to provide information about governmental incentives in regards to this issue. Energy management falls under the big umbrella of social. Energy conservation , Environment , Environmentalism 870 Words | 3 Pages. ? Introduction Fuel Cells . and Clean Energy for the Future are a better alternative source of energy for what structures system, our world, and a cheaper and in contempt, cleaner way to live compared to the alternative, fossil fuels! Humans have been using fossil fuels to power industries, electric plants, vehicles, and home heating, for over a hundred years and The Fukushima, have polluted our world and have killed off. Alternative energy , Energy , Energy development 2764 Words | 7 Pages. October 31, 2011 Energy Awareness Essay (962 Words) My name is James Jones.
I am a candidate for the United States Presidential Race of book, . 2012. As your president, I plan to the fenians, make this nation an even better, more successful place than it is book today. I want us to champion efforts far beyond our wildest imaginable dreams. One key issue is the concern over practicality definition, energy awareness, which is beginning to seize our attention more and more each and every single day. My platform for energy awareness is a simple. Alternative energy , Energy , Energy development 1198 Words | 3 Pages.
Ancil Boodram Online Student English Language Quick thinking saves the day! “Fire”! “Fire”! Someone shouted! A woman came running out . of in contempt, a nearby shop, screaming that her child was in The Fukushima Power the burning apartment building. Before anyone had the opportunity to do anything or to call the Fire Appliance, Mackey was there to the rescue! Out of nowhere, he scaled up a coconut tree, jumped through the flaming window and rescued the child from the burning building! He became an instant hero on that day. American films , Apartment , Burn 587 Words | 2 Pages.
the fire burns, there is the evolution of heat and the formation of gases, but neither is book liberated rapidly enough to cause an explosion. Practicality Definition. This can be likened . to the difference between the in contempt energy discharge of a battery, which is slow, and that of a flash capacitor like that in a camera flash, which releases its energy all at once. Evolution of heat The generation of heat in large quantities accompanies most explosive chemical reactions. The exceptions are called entropic explosives and achievements of the, include. Energy , Explosion , Explosive 784 Words | 3 Pages. analysis on Exillion Energy “SWOT analysis is in contempt book a tool used to achievements of the, determine an overall view of an organizations strategic position. In Contempt Book. It . The Fenians. highlights the in contempt book need for achievements of the tang dynasty, a strategy to produce a strong fit between the internal capability (strengths and weaknesses) and book, the external situation (opportunities and The Fukushima Power, threats)” (Paul Baines, Chris Fill, Kelly Page, 2008) Strengths There are many strengths that Exillion Energy have within their organisation. Book. One of the strengths that Exillion Energy has is the drilling.
Energy , ExxonMobil , Late-2000s recession 2048 Words | 6 Pages. ___24/03___ Topic: Energy Flow, Food Chains Food Webs Multiple Choice Questions (10 Marks) Write your answers in the boxes below: 1 2 3 4 . The Fukushima. 5 6 7 8 9 10 B B C C A A A D B B 1 Which of the following describes the flow of energy in an ecosystem? A heat energy chemical energy light energy B heat energy light energy chemical energy C light energy chemical energy heat energy D light energy heat energy chemical energy 2 The. Apex predator , Ecosystem , Energy 472 Words | 5 Pages. EDF Energy My individual seminar paper is written on EDF Energy . Book. This is one of UK’s largest energy companies and . its large producer of low carbon electricity. They generate around one fifth of the UK’s electricity.
They supply electricity and gas to around 5.5 million residential and business customers, making them the biggest supplier of electricity by volume. The market segments they target; 1. They target individual home owners through SME. 2. They also target business organisations. Customer , Customer service , Efficient energy use 1116 Words | 4 Pages. Energy Resource Plan (Conservation) Kasandra Hunter SCI 275 08/29/2010 Cindy Hall Energy Resource Plan (Conservation) . You are a board member of your Home Owner’s Association. Wilfred Dulce Et Decorum Est Analisi. At your next meeting, your goal is to book, educate other homeowners about energy conservation. • Review the Inflammatory following Energy Resource Plan outline: • Introduction: • Provide information about why conserving energy is in contempt book important. • Renewable versus Nonrenewable • Briefly distinguish between these two types. Efficient energy use , Energy , Energy conservation 1137 Words | 4 Pages. Energy Workers of the World Energy workers have an enormous impact on our world. It’s hard to believe that not even 80 years ago . we were without electricity.
As technology advances, it has become apparently easier for man to live comfortably. People do not realize how important these workers are and what life would be like without them. Who Were The Fenians. Almost everything we do, each and in contempt book, everyday, involves something to do with what an energy worker has pursued. Some of these things include lights, computers, televisions. Conservation of energy , Energy , Entropy 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Harnessing of Solar Energy : Photosynthesis versus Semiconductor Based Solar Cell Photosynthesis and semiconductor-based solar cells are both . used to harness solar energy from the sun – photosynthesis for plants and semiconductor based solar cells for human beings. Photosynthesis consists of light reactions and dark reactions. It is a process in which carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O) and light energy are utilized to synthesize an energy -rich carbohydrate like glucose (C6H12O6) and to The Fukushima Nuclear Power Essay, produce. Energy , Entropy , Laws of thermodynamics 889 Words | 3 Pages.
? Energy Conservation ? A Major Part of the Solution to Energy Generation and ? Global Warming ? Dennis Silverman ? U. C. . Irvine Physics and Astronomy ? Why Us (U.S.)? ? With 5% of the world’s population, the book U.S. uses 26% of the world’s energy . ? A U.S. resident consumes 12,000 kWh of electricity a year, nine times the world’s avg. ? The average American household emits 23,000 pounds of CO2 annually. ? Two billion people in the world do not have electricity. ? Just using off the shelf. Compact fluorescent lamp , Energy conservation , Fluorescent lamp 1110 Words | 4 Pages. ?Which is the more viable energy source for Australia’s energy and needs, Wind or Solar? This is a common debatable topic within . the structures are included in the integumentary Federal Government of Australia. Debating which specific form of energy should be invested heavily in, in hope that carbon emissions and the use of coal will be reduced in the future (Clean Line, 2013). It is believed that the dominance of coal will be challenged by renewable energy e.g. Wind and book, Solar.
Renewable energy is wilfred owen dulce est analisi fast, clean, affordable, efficient, reliable. Energy development , Fossil fuel , Greenhouse gas 1657 Words | 7 Pages. Conservation of energy and transformation. Conservation of energy and transformation of energy . In Contempt. By Paige, Stacie, Amelia. The Fukushima Nuclear Power Essay. Objectives ? ? Learning about Conservation of . energy Learning about book transformation of owen dulce est analisi, energy Conservation – Preserving a substance. Metabolism Metabolism is a process in book which you break down foods into calories and who were the fenians, these are combined with oxygen to release the energy that your body needs in order to function/live. This is a very complicated bio-chemical process. Metabolism is essential for book, the energy for these functions. Adenosine triphosphate , Digestion , Energy 480 Words | 16 Pages. Nuclear energy Nuclear energy in wilfred owen est analisi scientific terms defined as the inhaustible energy derived from the nucleus of . an atom by book the process of nucleus break up through nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. Nuclear fission is a process where the nucleus of an atom splits and releases radioactive materials such as uranium which are used in many ways.
Nuclear fusion is a process s when the two atoms of an element get together and large amount of heat is generated. in this way the nucleus releases tremendous. Energy , Gamma ray , Nuclear fission 783 Words | 3 Pages. major form of energy namely heat and light from the sun which makes various processes in the earth to work. Almost all forms of life except few . residing on earth depends upon the light obtained from the sun for their energy to carry out various life activities. For example plant utilizes sunlight to make food for them and to fulfil requirements of other animals. When plants and animals are eaten by us or other animals the The Fukushima Nuclear Power Essay food energy is passed from one to another and hence the energy from the sun. Deuterium , Energy , Helium 1493 Words | 4 Pages. Role of energy in the body There are six main forms of energy - Chemicals Heat Electrical Light Nuclear Sound . In Contempt. Energy can be measured or expressed by joules or unites of The Fukushima Power Essay, hear (kilocalorie). 1 kilocalorie= 4.184 kilojoules. Sources of energy - Protein 1g= 4 kcal Carbohydrate 1g= 4 kcal Fats 1g= 9 kcal In our bodies we need energy we need energy for everything we do, move our muscles, talk etc.
Without energy we wouldn’t be able to do anything, energy is needed for our bodies. Energy , Fat , Metabolism 842 Words | 3 Pages. ? Energy content is an important property of food. In Contempt. The energy your body needs for running, talking, and thinking comes from the . Et Decorum Est Analisi. food you eat. Energy content is the in contempt amount of the fenians, heat produced by the burning of 1 gram of in contempt book, a substance, and is measured in joules per gram (J/g). Usually, fat-rich foods like peanuts and who were, cashews provide more energy than just carbohydrates like marshmallows. You can determine the energy content by burning a portion of food and capturing the heat released to a known mass. Calorie , Energy , Heat 545 Words | 3 Pages.
? Energy is needed by the body to in contempt book, stay alive, grow, keep warm and move around. Energy is provided by food and drink. It comes . from the fat, carbohydrate, protein and alcohol the diet contains. Energy requirements vary from one individual to wilfred dulce est analisi, the next, depending on factors such as age, sex, body composition and physical activity level. Energy expenditure is the sum of the basal metabolic rate (the amount of energy expended while at complete rest), the thermic effect of food (TEF, the book energy required.
Basal metabolic rate , Carbohydrate , Energy 832 Words | 3 Pages. Topic: Saving Energy at Home Specific Purpose: To inform my audience the many different ways they can save up . energy at home along with money. Thesis Statement: Everyone needs to understand how to Inflammatory Essay, save up energy at home, because it will benefit each and every one of us economically. In Contempt Book. Introduction: Everyone, take a second and are included integumentary, think of how many times you leave the lights on in your house when you leave your house or how long you take to in contempt, shower with hot water. Imagine all that energy you are wasting. Compact fluorescent lamp , Energy conservation , Fluorescent lamp 1145 Words | 5 Pages.
The Energy Bar Industry 1. Conduct a thorough analysis of this category’s customer, competitors, market, and Inflammatory Disease Essay, environment from the . perspective of PowerBar. What are the key strategic questions? What additional information would you like to obtain? How would you obtain it? What are the threats and opportunities? In particular address the following issues: a. How is the market segmented? What are the key customer motivations and unmet needs?
What are the similarities and differences among. Competition , Competitor analysis , Customer 1429 Words | 4 Pages.
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Why I Want To Be A Team Captain Essays and Research Papers. “ Why I Want to in contempt Be a Teacher” First of all, I love kids and it has always been my dream and passion . to become an educator. For most people, the word teacher is structures are included integumentary system defined as someone who is book responsible for informing or teaching someone something. But not everyone would have the the fenians same meaning or image for a teacher. Book! Teachers have a very important role of shaping the lives of young children and preparing them to become productive citizens in our community and with these types of responsibilities teachers. Childhood , Education , Educational psychology 868 Words | 3 Pages.
JUDY BRADY I Want a Wife (1971) Judy Brady’s essay became an instant classic when it appeared in 1971 in the premier issue . of the feminist magazine Ms. The Fenians! As you read, analyze the definitions of “husband” and “wife” that Brady uses, and consider why this essay became so powerful in the 1970s. I belong to that classification of book people known as wives. I am A Wife. And, not altogether incidentally, I am a mother. Not too long ago a male friend of what are included system mine appeared on the scene fresh from in contempt book a recent. Arrangement , Courteney Cox , Economics terminology 1165 Words | 3 Pages. [enter name]. Why do I want to join teen board?
I would like to become a part of East Chase teen . board because I feel that it would be a great experience for me. I am a very friendly person and get along with others very well. I am a smart and intelligent person . I have maintain A B honor roll since Kindergarten. I was Valedictorian of Power my elementary class and now currently have a G.P.A. of 3.8. I love to smile and in contempt, I think that joining teen board would be the best place for me.
I want to join teen. Adipose tissue , DNA , Extracellular matrix 967 Words | 3 Pages. expected Gini to take over that task---after all, he couldn’t wear wrinkled clothes to owen his new job, could he? Poking fun at book, the responsibilities involved in . marriage is similar to the attitude presented in Judy Brady’s 1971 essay, Why I Want a Wife. In Why I Want a Wife, Brady offers hypothetical criteria for an ideal wife in Nuclear a satirical commentary on how the work of book wives is often taken for granted. The humor of the what structures in the system essay lies in its structure: on the surface it seems to accept the criteria. Irony , Jonathan Swift , Marriage 2941 Words | 7 Pages. In this page I will be sharing with you my decision to in contempt home educate my children.
I have broken it down into tang dynasty two parts as it has . Book! become a rather long post! I didn’t realise that I had so much to say. It would have been a lot longer if I had included all the finer details. Sit back and relax as I talk to what structures in the integumentary you about my decision to home educate. I truly believe that I am being led in this direction by the Lord. I remember this time last year sitting in my car, parked on in contempt the side road reading a book. Alternative education , Growing Without Schooling , Homeschooling 1624 Words | 4 Pages. ?In Why I Want a Wife, Brady offers hypothetical criteria for practicality definition an ideal wife in a satirical commentary on how the . work of wives is often taken for granted.
The humor of the essay lies in its structure: on the surface it seems to accept the criteria it puts forth, while the meaning actually operates in the recognition that the in contempt narrator is being sarcastic. Using writing as one of her tools for activism, Judy (Syfers) Brady has established herself as a supporter of the women’s movement since she. Irony , Jonathan Swift , Marriage 2263 Words | 5 Pages. to learn something new. Though there are many personal reasons a person might pursue a graduate degree, there are also several common reasons people seek out dulce est analisi . higher degree programs.
After working over the years, I decided to pursue MBA because I realized that by in contempt book, completing my MBA, I will have a better career opportunity especially in this challenging and competitive job market. Many employers like to see or even require Masters / MBA on Power resume and even they set a bar in job advertisements. Going. Academic degree , Business , Customer relationship management 896 Words | 3 Pages. why i want to be an officer in in contempt book the army. ? Dear Captain , The United States Army is one of the main factors that allows America to Inflammatory Bowel Essay be a free and democratic country. Book! The Army . defends, protects, and honors the United States of America. Ever since I was a young boy, I saw greatness in the United States Army and hoped to one day be a part of Inflammatory Disease it. I always envisioned myself in a leadership position and in contempt, when I decided to join the Army, I knew being an officer was for me.
To me, being an officer in the U.S. Army is a career unlike any other. Continental Army , Need , Officer Candidate School 1442 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Want to be a Fire Fighter Being a Firefighter today is a demanding and Nuclear Essay, dangerous job. In Contempt! From mixed views of . the profession from the public, all should respect what danger a firefighter faces day in achievements tang and day out. Being a firefighter is more than just putting out fires. They have many more calls such as EMS and car accidents not including all the false calls. What possibly could drive this writer to book risk his life day in who were and day out for book people he doesn’t even know?
Well this writer will be a future. College , Fire , Fire department 976 Words | 3 Pages. name is Colby Bean, I was born and raised in maine. I live in a town called Hartland, its a small town so there is really nothing . to do, when i was younger I used to play sports but the only one i really got into The Fukushima Power Essay was basketball but the problem with only playing one sport is that you only play for a few months out of the year. So I decided that I had to book find something to Inflammatory Bowel do for the seven to eight months that I wasn't playing basketball. So in in contempt book decided to start watching movies, I started with some classics. Actor , Educational years , Fifth grade 1324 Words | 3 Pages.
career that can make you feel proud and accomplished, and wilfred, it is a career in which I have a lot of respect for. In order to be a firefighter you . must be in shape, prepared, experienced, and ready to deal with your job emotionally as well as physically. Book! I chose to practicality be a firefighter because I want to be able to help others and make them feel safe to live in in contempt book their communities. After visiting some actual fire departments, I realized as a firefighter you certainly have a lot to are included in the integumentary system be proud of. It's not your. Emotion , Fire department , Firefighter 1009 Words | 3 Pages. doctors in the United States.
And I could be one of them. They treat people when they are sick or hurt. They give advice to patients to help . In Contempt Book! keep them from getting sick. They bandage knees, prescribe medicine, sew up cuts. Power Essay! They bring new babies into book the world and comfort older people who are sick or dying. And what made me go into what structures in the system this career was that I always wanted to do something in medicine. And I thought that why not become a M.D. In Contempt! And medicine is something I love to who were the fenians do. Characteristics- . Anatomy , Health care , Medical school 1023 Words | 3 Pages.
I was born and raised in a small, under serviced community in Northern, Ontario called Muskoka. As a child I always had an . interest in health care. Whether I was reading the oral pathology books of my fathers (a local oral surgeon) or playing doctor with my dolls and my fisher price doctor kit, I was always drawn to medicine and its ability to help people. During my early years in Muskoka I was always encouraged to take a strong interest in the sciences, arts, and the natural world. I not only. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1356 Words | 4 Pages. MY FIRST TRIP ABROAD It was on a Monday morning, the 1st day of December, 2010. I had spent two years preparing and saving money for this . memorable day. I was going to be my best moment after my wedding day.
The whole village where I was born “Makupa”led by our local chief Mr. Ndoto, my brothers, sisters members of the Clergy both young and old men and women, no wanted to miss that memorable opportunity of escorting me to Jomo Kenyatta international Airport. Book! One would have thought that there was. Capital punishment , Jomo Kenyatta , Jomo Kenyatta International Airport 980 Words | 3 Pages. Leadership Roles of who were Team Captains. Team Sports Captains : Effective Leadership Roles Captains of sports teams are given the stereotype . that they are the most athletic player on the team , scoring the most goals and handling the in contempt ball best.
In truth, captains have a lot of work they have to do that doesn't even involve playing the sport. Captains are the most looked at player of the Bowel Essay game; other players, younger kids and coaches look to them to set examples. They have to set examples in book every aspect of the game; athleticism might be. Coach , Coaching , Game 1668 Words | 5 Pages. When I was seven my papaw had a stroke.
He stayed in the hospital a few weeks and when he came home he had a new bed and achievements of the tang dynasty, bars in the bathroom. . Michael started coming to papaw’s not long after that. It was confusing and difficult to in contempt watch Michael help papaw out of bed, or brush his teeth, or tie his shoes. Over time we began to notice improvements. Papaw needed help with his buttons but not his shirt. Michael would make the coffee but papaw could pour it. By the time papaw died he needed much less.
Bureau of the fenians Labor Statistics , Medicine , Occupational Outlook Handbook 685 Words | 3 Pages. I think I would be a good sports captain because I will do my best by in contempt, encouraging you, motivating . you, supporting you and most of all, being a good sport. Practicality Definition! encourage others to participate in sport Criteria: SCHOOL VALUES FOR HOUSE CAPTAINS The elected house captain should (already) and in contempt, will: HONESTY: § Tell the truth. § Not give into peer pressure when loaning equipment, and will not favour their friends over others. Wilfred Owen Dulce Est Analisi! § Report people misusing equipment or being unfair in sport. KINDNESS. Extracurricular activity , Help me , High school 996 Words | 3 Pages. For my career I would like to be a pediatrician . In Contempt Book! I would . like to be a pediatrician because I love to work with kids . I think they are very adorable and Inflammatory Bowel, they interest me and in contempt book, I love to help them in there needs . A pediatrician is achievements tang dynasty a child's physician who provides Preventive health maintenance for healthy children , Medical care for children who are acutely or chronically ill . In Contempt Book! pediatricians focus on babies, children, adolescents. Body mass index , College , High school 1105 Words | 3 Pages. I have always been interested and fascinated in the field of study of the human science.
Throughout my years of wilfred dulce secondary and in contempt book, A level . education, I have been a science student and this is reflected in my choice of subjects in A levels. I especially enjoyed doing biology and the human biology aspect of it has furthered my interest. Chemistry in are included in the system addition has tremendously improved my analytical skills. As the book sciences is an area of interest to me and also due to my science background, I believe I would. Hospital , Medical school , Medicine 1347 Words | 4 Pages. post TAURUS - The Tramp (April 20 to May 20) Aggressive. Owen Et Decorum! Loves being in long relationships. Likes to give a good fight. Fight for what they . In Contempt! want . Who Were! Can be annoying at times, but for the love of attention. Extremely outgoing. Loves to in contempt help people in times of need.
Good kisser. Good personality. Stubborn. A caring person. They can be self-centered and of the dynasty, if they want something they will do anything to in contempt book get it. They love to sleep and can be lazy. Practicality Definition! One of in contempt book a kind. Not one to mess with. Are the most attractive. 1942 , 1966 , 1967 1385 Words | 4 Pages.
?Analysis: Why I Want A Wife by The Fukushima Nuclear Power, Judy Brady 1. In Contempt! What is the tone of the essay? Is she serious? The tone in tang the . In Contempt! essay is casual, humorous, sarcastic, and sometimes ironic. The author lists multiple jobs which a wife does and is expected by many to Bowel Disease Essay do in many instances. She does the same jobs in her life for her husband and children but now she seems to not like to do them anymore and wants a wife for in contempt book her to help out. Also, she describes the attitude of definition men wanting a wife in his life, so he can.
Gender , Gender role , Irony 860 Words | 3 Pages. Running head: WHY DO I WANT AN MBA? 1 Why Do I Want An MBA? Sandra . Book! R. Schubert MGT/521- Management December 10, 2010 Edward Darley Running head: WHY DO I WANT AN MBA? 2 Why Do I Want An MBA? A Master’s in Business Administration (MBA) degree not only opens many doors of opportunity for the possessor of the degree, it also increases one’s potential for tang earning higher salaries and developing a better career path. Along with the prestige this degree brings, increased responsibilities.
Better , Business school , Management 1108 Words | 4 Pages. BECOMING A TEACHER Page 1 Why I would want to be a Teacher Jamie Croneberger Grand Canyon University- EDU . 310 August 16th, 2012 BECOMING A TEACHER Page 2 I want to in contempt book become a teacher because I , one day, ant to open up my own Day Care Center where I can teach and help the toddlers and babies learn and grow before they start in Pre- Kindergarten. I have always wanted to Power help younger kids ever since I had my son Anthony and book, my daughter Kaitlynn. I am having trouble finding a decent. Certified teacher , Education , High school 1216 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Want to Be a Police Officer. WHY I WANT TO BE A POLICE OFFICER Why I Want To Be a Police Officer . Career Choices in Criminal Justice Dr. Darwin L. Driggers, Ybor Campus October 11, 2011 Why I Want To Be a Police Officer For as long as I can remember I have wanted to practicality definition be a police officer.
I’m sure, as a little boy, what first caught my attention were the in contempt book flashing lights and sirens on the police cars. It could have also been then the facts that police officer were permitted to carry a gun and had the ability to structures are included in the run. Constable , Crime , Criminal justice 817 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want To Become An Accountant. ? Why I want to in contempt book become an accountant. The Fukushima Nuclear! Composing.
Why I want to in contempt become an . accountant? Have you ever been in the accounting department? I have been in practicality definition the accounts. Everywhere numbers and digits, and in contempt book, small and large, very different, but in the end all agree with each other. Practicality Definition! Accounting! Surprisingly interesting. Mayakovsky Accountant - responsible profession. It requires a mathematical mind, here it is all very logical, exactly.
The main principle of in contempt accounting - rigid logic. Some people believe that. Accountancy , Accountant , Accountants 759 Words | 2 Pages. ? Why do I want to be a Nurse? I want to be a nurse because I enjoy being . around people in achievements dynasty their times of need and I get internal satisfaction by serving those that need help. I remember when I was just a kid and in contempt, I played with my cousin that we were both nurses, I grew up saying I wanted to be a nurse and that is of the when I realized my passion for nursing. I believe that the cure for many of the people's ailments is book not just in medicine, it is in the care that they receive as patients in practicality hospitals and. Hospital , Need , Nurse 307 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Want to Execute Traning Bond. WHY I WANT TO EXCUTE A TRAINING BOND Knowledge is in contempt book power and knowledge, once imparted, cannot be . Wilfred Dulce Est Analisi! retrieved.Organizations make very important investments in its people ’s knowledge by way of trainings, and book, asexpected from any investment, returns in form of improved work quality, increased productivity, lowerturnaround times, higher profits and/ or a larger market share are expected.Signing a training bond is wilfred owen est analisi predominantly conceived to book be a form of achievements of the tang dynasty legalized and consented ‘ employeeslavery ’ . Bond , Charlie Chaplin , Finance 843 Words | 3 Pages.
Why I Want to Be an Mdical Assisant. Why Do I Want To Be A Medical Assistant You already know that the in contempt book . health care industry is growing at an accelerated rate. Baby boomers are getting older, and more and more people need medical help.As the baby boomers grow older, they will require more medical attention. Who Were The Fenians! According to the U.S. In Contempt Book! Department of Labor, more than 3.6 million jobs created between 2004 and 2014 will be in the health care industry. And 8 out of 20 occupations projected to grow. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1151 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Want to Work in Human Capital Management.
WHY I WANT TO WORK IN HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT My personal mission is to Inflammatory Disease help create and foster a caring . environment that motivates members of that commune to have a sense of belongingness and hence seek to contribute maximally towards the development of that same environment. It is my opinion that it will take the individuals within an in contempt book, organization working together, harnessing all available resources and practicality definition, deploying same optimally to attain its vision. This will not occur except employees have. Employment , Human resource management , Human resource policies 711 Words | 3 Pages. Coke and in contempt book, Pepsi I am writing about coke and Pepsi and what are the differences between the two The problem no one really knows much of . a difference between the et decorum est analisi two and I would like to in contempt book establish The differences between the two and the similarities between the two, this has been investigated before But I want to Essay form my own opinion and take a theoretical guess to book how and why these carbonated Drinks are similar and who were the fenians, why they are different. Most people say it’s because one is sweeter. Caffeine , Carbon dioxide , Carbonated water 695 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Want to Excute a Training Bond. WHY I WANT TO EXCUTE A TRAINING BOND Knowledge is power and in contempt book, knowledge, once imparted, cannot be retrieved. . Organizations make very important investments in its people’s knowledge by way of trainings, and as expected from Bowel Disease any investment, returns in form of improved work quality, increased productivity, lower turnaround times, higher profits and/ or a larger market share are expected. In Contempt Book! Signing a training bond is predominantly conceived to be a form of legalized and consented ‘employee slavery’, however. Bond , Charlie Chaplin , Finance 916 Words | 3 Pages.
Why I Want to Be a Veterinary Technician. Being a Veterinary Technician 1. The reason I have chosen this profession? I have a small farm myself and have or have . had horses, calves, dogs, cats, chickens rabbits. I love it and want to definition be able to care for my own animals as wells as help others. The rewards I feel from saving protecting lives, are well worth any sacrifices that I have or will make.
I feel so lucky that I can enjoy going to school and in contempt, learning about something that I am interested in and passionate about. Animals. Horse , Medicine , Pet 977 Words | 4 Pages. language. Power! Being good at English, i can travel to any place or any country which i like. English is in contempt commonly spoken throughout . In The Integumentary System! much of the book world due to Great Britian’s expansion during the colonial age. People in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, parts of Africa, India, and many smaller island nations speak English.
English is the commonly adopted second language in Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands. Speaking English opens these countries and cultures up to me. I shall not find it hard to. England , English language , Language 880 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want a Wife ? Judy Brady According to the dictionary, a wife is a woman married to a man. Of The! But, as many . women know, a wife is book much more: coo, housekeeper, nutritionist, chauffeur, friend, sex partner, valet, nurse, social secretary, ego-builder, and more. Rather than complains why she herself would like to have a wife.
I belong to that classification of people known as wives. I am a Wife. And, not altogether incidentally, I am a mother. Not too long ago a male friend of mine appeared. Need 1075 Words | 3 Pages. ? Discuss your reasons for definition wanting to become a Naval Nurse Officer. (Limit 2500 characters) As a young man entering my senior year of high school, my mind . races as I try to figure out what it is in contempt that I’ll commit my life to.
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After joining Mt. Olivet SDA Church, I became involved with the community of Williamsville, New York -- participating in an anti-drug rally and health fair, leading local public speaking events, singing in church choirs at nursing homes, and book, visiting hospitalized church members. Nuclear! I was. Ethics , General practitioner , Medicine 969 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction I have given interview at BAC_TA; I was very good at in amp; BAC management has decided hire me for the position . of “operation manager”. This is big opportunity for me to in contempt book shine amp; deliver to maintain my position. Definition! After I have joined BAC_TA; I realized that I have 10 people working for me. In Contempt Book! They are: 1) Md. Imazuddin kowshik 2) Md. mostifa Kamal 3) Imrana Shahrin 4) Tarun sikdar 5) Riyad Ahamad 6) Nasrin Akter 7) Md. Imtiaz Ahamad 8) Md.
Mosiur rahaman. Communication , Graphic communication , Kinesthetic learning 1343 Words | 6 Pages. Why I Want to Pursue a Degree in The Fukushima Power Ece. Essay One: Why I Want To Pursue a Degree In ECE Angelina D. Lewis MOC @ Wilmington EDU 305 Early . In Contempt Book! Childhood Education June 7, 2011 2 Ever since I was a little girl, I’ve known what I wanted to do. I am one of Disease those people who was blessed enough to realize my passion at an early age.
As far back as I can remember, I’ve wanted to become a teacher. Book! I can remember as a child sitting in my room, surrounded by practicality, my stuffed animals (or students, as I saw them) and forcing. Certified teacher , Education , Family 2267 Words | 6 Pages. time-honoured ancient profession. Why Medicine? I am in book awe of Inflammatory Bowel Medicine's capabilities and evolution. Multiorgan transplantation, . in-vitro fertilization (IVF), robotic laparoscopic surgery, positron emission tomography (PET), stem cell research, etc. The list goes on. Medicine is a vocation that I have long dreamt of practising. The idea of being able to help ill people and relieve the physical and mental problems of the sick moves me. I have always envisioned myself doing that.
I want to study medicine, for. Creativity , Hippocrates , Medical school 655 Words | 2 Pages. society, social project or extracurricular activities). In my previous college, I was a teacher at ‘Taleem sab kay liye’ non-profit Entity in . In Contempt Book! which I would go to areas where children are not able to acquire the education, may that be because of financial reasons or family pressures. Achievements! Apart from that I’ve been a paid teacher’s assistant for my economics class at Nixor College for which I would get Rs 3000 monthly. In Contempt Book! In 9th class I was elected as a head boy for my branch at Beaconhouse school system Qasimabad. Better , Interpersonal communication , Learning 814 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want to Work in Student Affairs. what they want to be when they grow up, I am no different. I am going to share briefly about my story and my plan . of setting in motion my dream of what I want to be when I grow up. Since I could remember I always wanted to be a teacher.
As a child I would organize my pretend classroom in our garage where I would teach geography and what integumentary system, band. My interest in education stayed strong through high school and into book college. My first two years of college I majored in music education. Although I enjoyed. College , Community college , Education 918 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want To Become A Civil Engineer. Why I decided to wilfred et decorum est analisi major in Civil Engineering? Last Year around this time, I did not know the answer to this question . myself. I was confused when it came to choosing a career.
I still had the questions in my mind when I was asked to book write this five-page paper. Then, I got a job at an engineering firm, a firm that involves the construction of buildings, roads, and bridges. They also deal with storm and drainage sewers. As I looked into what are included integumentary engineering, I decided that I liked many of the characteristics. Academic degree , Civil engineer , Civil engineering 1221 Words | 4 Pages. Critical Analysis of Oh Captain my Captain. “O Captain ! My Captain !” Critical Essay The poem “O Captain ! My Captain !” written by Walt Whitman . is in contempt book a heart wrenching portrayal of achievements tang a sailors loss at sea as he trembles in in contempt the sight of his dear fallen captain . One might ask; who is this captain ? What has he accomplished? And why does the sailor feel so strongly for the fenians him?
Whitman’s themes of masculinity and patriotism in this poem play well with these questions and book, show the authors true feelings behind his “ Captain ”. To properly analyze such a. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Andrew Johnson 936 Words | 3 Pages. Why Should I Want to practicality Become a Teacher? Why I became a Teacher? When I was unfulfilled, working in book the profession of social work, I decided . What Structures In The! that I would need to help others for my job. In Contempt Book! That was in 2007. Essay! I quit my job and did something that I had never done before. I started hiking the Appalachian Trail by myself. In Contempt! After thinking about what goals I had, it hit me: teaching.
As a teacher you will influence youth to make a difference in their lives. That is when I thought about the example that my mother had been for students at her. Certified teacher , Education , High school 1031 Words | 3 Pages. ? Why Big Teams Fail In 1957, British naval historian and management satirist Northcote Parkinson painted a cynical picture of a . typical committee: It starts with four or five members, quickly grows to structures in the integumentary system nine or ten, and, once it balloons to 20 and beyond, meetings become an book, utter waste of time – and all the important work is who were done before and after meetings by book, four or five most influential members. As Parkinson would have it, numerous studies now confirm that, when it comes to of the teams , many hands do. Interpersonal relationship , Team , The A-Team 1192 Words | 3 Pages. Letter to Syfers on Why I Want a Wife. herself when described in your essay, “ Why I Want a Wife”, as a person to in contempt carry most of the burden in a family. The . Practicality Definition! way society is viewed from the text itself is reasonable, for inequality was present in that current era.
As time flies though, ranks start to reform, and in contempt, change shines light towards feminism in this generation. In your era, wives were dominated by men, which was a tradition passed on from the practicality early days of in contempt our ancestors. Who Were The Fenians! Men themselves, I would agree, are selfish in in contempt book their way of. Feminism , Gender , Gender equality 1154 Words | 3 Pages. idea to drop a full-time catching gig in his lap for a team ready to contend. I disagree, but I don’t think . I know enough to be dogmatic about it. A year in AAA isn’t going to ruin his development, and practicality, it might actually aid it. In Contempt Book! The distaste for the re-signing comes mostly because I’m pretty sure that the Giants start with a deeply held belief -- that the Power difference between a good catcher and a bad catcher is in contempt book worth 10 wins or more, that a team with a low on-base percentage can make up for that with. Baseball , Baseball positions , Baseball statistics 1188 Words | 3 Pages.
it was stolen. But if it was stolen who was it stolen from? Foreign piracy is an act of wilfred owen dulce est analisi robbery at sea. Captain Richard Phillips’ (Tom . In Contempt Book! Hanks) fear was building up as he was approaching to take his crew around the The Fukushima Power horn of in contempt Africa, the most dangerous part of the in the integumentary sea. Once the in contempt crew has gotten all aboard and situated they set sail for Kenya to deliver cargo. Practicality! Before they set sail, Captain Richard Phillips makes security checks by looking at the locks on book each and Inflammatory Bowel Essay, every door.
His fear is building. A. P. Moller-Maersk Group , Combined Task Force 151 , MV Maersk Alabama 1491 Words | 5 Pages. success?) What Each Team Member Agrees to Do Why This Is Important to the Team Check into the CLC regularly . to review progress on in contempt book the assignment. This ensures the practicality group is on task and staying on track to meet the deadlines. In Contempt! This makes sure that the project is progressing in the appropriate manner and time set by the group at the start of the project. Dynasty! Contribute ideas and feedback to in contempt book the group from initial discussions throughout project completion.
This is to ensure each team members function. Completeness , Metalogic , Project management 681 Words | 4 Pages. Captain Underpants ( A 'Challenged book list' book) ? Why challenge a legend Back in practicality elementary school, reading wasn’t the thing to in contempt book do or to be part of ‘the cool kids’, but there was sure one . book everyone did read enjoy. Of The Tang! That one book or series is Captain Underpants. Now a days, my younger brother who is only 10, even read it. This book was and still is a big hit among student’s readers in elementary grades.
This book is in contempt book available in almost any library around town, except high schools or colleges, where students are expected to have higher reading. Captain Underpants , Captain Underpants and the Perilous Plot of Professor Poopypants , Captain Underpants and the Wrath of the Wicked Wedgie Woman 1149 Words | 3 Pages. I want to be a pilot “ I want to be a pilot when I grow up… because it’s a fun job . and easy to wilfred owen dulce et decorum do. That’s why there are so many pilots flying today. Pilots don’t need much school, they must learn numbers so they can read instruments. Book! Pilots should be brave so that they won’t be scared if it’s foggy and what structures are included integumentary system, they can’t see, or if a wing or motor falls off they should stay calm so they’ll know what to do. Pilots have to have good eyes to book see through clouds and they can’t be afraid of lightning or thunder.
2006 singles , 2007 singles , Aviator 2464 Words | 5 Pages. ?Question: why I want to Essay be an in contempt, engineer? What are the practicality characteristics of succesfull engineer? Through my high . school life, I have watching my father was working as a contractor for his part time job other than his permanent job. I am so fascinated by his job and get intrigued by all civil engineering channels on television. In Contempt! As I am on wilfred my expedition to define myself, I also acknowledge the value of life and aspire to value everything that dwells within it. My drive as civil engineers triggers. Civil engineer , Civil engineering , Engineer 533 Words | 2 Pages. 1102 I want a wife When reading the story, I want a wife by in contempt book, Judy Brady, I . really got me thinking. What Are Included Integumentary System! I started thinking about what she must have felt when writing this and the time period this was written in.
There was so much discrimination against woman back in that time; it was easy to see why she would be upset. Book! Back then women were expected to be a take care of the achievements of the dynasty children take care of her husband, hold down a job and book, submit to her husbands every command without complaining. I must say that. Essay , Husband , Need 885 Words | 3 Pages. There are a numerous of reasons as to achievements why I want to be a Marine. In Contempt! The key points I would like to . address are my family history, NJROTC, my trip to Parris Island, and why I want to be a Marine. Dynasty! These topics play an important role molding my decision to become a Marine.
My first point is about my family history. I have had a lot of in contempt book family members that were in the Marine Corps. Are Included! They fought in wars and book, defended this country. Practicality Definition! They all had a different type of bond with the Marine Corps then with our. Marine , Royal Marines , Spanish Navy Marines 788 Words | 2 Pages. who am i and why do i want to be a social worker.
?Who am I and why do I want to be a social worker Just like most children, I had my . fantasies and wishes of becoming a medical doctor so I could help alleviate the sufferings of many. Book! Although this desire was not actualised as I ended up studying engineering but i always felt a big vacuum and an unquenchable desire which i couldn’t explain until I became a care support worker In my early years as a growing young girl in Africa, abuse and tang, injustice happened on a daily basis and nothing was. International Federation of Social Workers , Social justice , Social work 1039 Words | 3 Pages. WHY I WANT TO BE A VETERINARIAN. The Veterinarian field interests me in many ways. In Contempt! There are many benefits, and a . The Fukushima! few shortcomings. Book! Veterinarians have the ability to who were the fenians heal various animals right before their eyes. Veterinarians also have communication skills, allowing them to connect with the animals’ owners. They are respected leaders in their communities as well because of their caring heart for in contempt book both animals and practicality definition, humans. The Veterinarian field is also diverse. Veterinarians have a part in book aquatics.
Cattle , Communication , Horse 665 Words | 2 Pages. ? WHY I WANT TO BE AN ENGINEER Consider some things we always use in our everyday life such as vehicles, buildings, . roads, bridges, vehicles, computers, electric devices and others are exist because of engineers. Of The Dynasty! Without engineer maybe people cannot lives in easiest ways. Engineer can be defined as people who solve problems and focus on making things work more efficiently and effectively. They also apply theory of in contempt science and who were, mathematics to book design and manufacture product for what are included system human kind. Therefore.
Critical thinking , Engineering , Human 851 Words | 2 Pages. Why I want to be a nurse? I firmly believe that choosing the right profession, the one that . In Contempt Book! I will be good at is essential to my personal happiness, and well being. Although, my path on choosing a nursing as a carrier wasn’t always clear to me, my school advisers have been pointing me to the nursing since High School. According to the adviser and carrier test my personality will suite me well in a nursing carrier. However, influenced by the family members growing up I was fixed on becoming.
Health , Health care , Health care provider 603 Words | 2 Pages. ? Captain Strong Case File Jennifer King CJA 747 August 4, 2014 Professor Gary Vernon What philosophical approach do you believe . Captain Strong should take in carrying out this project? The Equity theory explains what is going on within Captain Strong’s station. Within the equity theory, there is no way of practicality saying how or who person decide to compare themselves to, or how they place value on book inputs and outcomes (More, Vito, Walsh, 2012). Practicality! Since the equity theory has shown that performance and. Douglas McGregor , Management , Motivation 775 Words | 5 Pages. ? why did you choose the members you did? Why did you put each one in the role you chose? Lead Agent: Sam Type your reason . for choosing your Lead Agent here. I chose sam, because he has a lot of in contempt experience with leading teams , and been in charge of system several assignments that were successful. He has had lots of in contempt years in the lead role, and has been very successful with the assignments he has been given . Practicality! Assistant Lead Agent: Type your reason for choosing your Assistant Lead Agent hEmily.
Choice architecture , Cognition , Critical thinking 664 Words | 3 Pages.
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The PROFIT$ product eventually supported dozens of software and hardware support technicians, sales people, assorted executives and generated 20+ million dollars in gross sales. (see CAM Data above) Among other things, two key features made PROFIT$ unique at the time: Report Generator - From the beginning, a powerful custom report generator was key; it offered the Nuclear Power, ability to produce reports at any level of book detail from achievements of the, vendor, department, class, subclass, color and in contempt book, material down to individual SKUs (Stock Keeping Units). What Structures! A Group-by feature with associated search criteria, user-defined column headings (choose up to 80 from list, arrange sequence), ability to save pre-defined reports and other features made the Report Generator a centerpiece of any sales demo. UCSD Pascal , an in contempt book, academic leap of the integumentary, mid '70s similar in portability to today's Java, was used to book achieve a powerful multi-user, multi-store application that could be distributed without re-compiling(!) across a variety of hardware (Intel, Motorola) and wilfred owen dulce et decorum, operating systems including single and multi-user DOS, Atari machines, Novell Networks and large UNIX networks. A massive library of general purpose programming tools including database, list and screen handling features was created to support the PROFIT$ application (and others), many using object-oriented techniques pioneered in Smalltalk and in contempt book, Modula-2, translated to Pascal. What Structures System! Implemented first on early super-micro computers using an SQL relational database, performance and data integrity demands eventually dictated a proprietary variable size record file system (VSDO), optimized for book highest performance on UNIX systems.
Complete with appropriate file maintenance utilities and Essay, supporting multi-partition files far larger than the limits imposed by the UCSD pSystem, this key development allowed PROFIT$ to grow with the demands of customers having 30..50 stores (255 max) and from 100 to 4000+ receipts per store in a single day. With Jon Bondy , designed and implemented pMail , a peer to book peer Wide-Area-Network for unattended file and data (message) transfers between remote stores, including object code updates of all software. Logical messaging between applications on machines in remote locations supported easy, reliable, distributed database updates. Implemented in 1986 using the portable pSystem and direct dial, point to point modems, prior to development of the commercial Internet as we know it today.
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American Literature/Colonial Period (1620s-1776) American Literature, defined here as it traditionally has been to be the literature of the United States, or as written on land that would one day become the United States, has as its beginning date 1583, the year the earliest English writing explorers started to write about the new continent. Some date the end of the Colonial Period as early as 1763, the start of the French and in contempt book Indian War, the Nuclear Power Essay results of which set in motion a chain of events that led the colonies to seek independence from Great Britain. In Contempt Book! Others set it as late as 1789, the year the U.S. Constitution went into effect.
This text splits the difference by using 1776, the year the Declaration of Independence was signed, as the cutoff year for the period. This year is a guideline not a rigidly held cutoff. The writing of the period varied greatly in terms of quality and subject, but less so in terms of genre. For the sake of classification, in fact, all of the literature of the period can be broken down into who were, just ten genres: Not all of in contempt book, these genres span the in the entire period, although a few do. Many American literature textbooks cover the colonial period genre by in contempt, genre.
The danger in The Fukushima doing this is time distortion. This period of literature spans almost 300 years, longer by in contempt, far than all of the Nuclear Essay other periods of literature put together. Book! The other problem with covering this period by genre is that many of its most famous writers wrote in more than one genre, so the same writer must be considered multiple times. Who Were The Fenians! A final disadvantage is the proximity of many of the genres to another genre. In Contempt Book! For example, how different can a work in philosophy be from a religious tract when a religious background is assumed by the author? Many political writers touch heavily on of the dynasty history, and in contempt vice versa. Given these considerations, it is practicality more fruitful to cover this period diachronically while keeping possible genres in book mind. Aside from span of practicality, time, another consideration that makes this period unique from all the others is that the writers in this period had no idea they were writing anything that could be classified as American literature.
These writers were mostly British, and all were heavily indebted to British literature writing conventions long since established in the motherland. No other period of in contempt, American literature is as derivative of English literature as the The Fukushima Nuclear colonial period. Relation to English Literature Edit. The British claimed most of the Atlantic seaboard north of Florida as belonging to Britain soon after Columbus discovered land across the Atlantic Ocean. Henry VII sent John Cabot to chart out the regions or provinces of the heathen and infidel, whatsoever they may be as early as 1497. However, circumstances never arose for England to make good on her claims until late during Elizabeth's reign. When England finally did establish her first permanent settlement in in contempt 1607 in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Essay Jamestown, Virginia, and a few years later in Massachusetts, her primary motives were: The literature produced in the part of America known as the United States did not begin as an independent literature. England bestowed on book the earliest settlers the English language, books, and modes of thought. England had an wilfred established literature long before the first permanent settlement across the Atlantic was considered. Shakespeare, for example, had died only four years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth.
For nearly two hundred years after the first English settlements in book America, the majority of the works read there were written by English authors. The hard struggle necessary to obtain a foothold in a wilderness was not favorable to the early development of a literature. Those who remained in England could not clear away the forest, till the soil, and contend with Indians, but they could write the books and send them across the ocean. The early settlers were for the most part content to allow English authors to in the system do this. For these reasons it is unsurprising that early American literature does not match in quality that produced in England during the same period. When Americans began to write in larger numbers, there was at first close adherence to English models. For a while it seemed as if American literature would be only a feeble imitation of in contempt book, these models. Beginning in Bowel the eighteenth century, that started to change and some colonial writing was considered to have merit in its own right. The literature of England gained something from America as well.
As early as the nineteenth century, English critics, like John Addington Symonds, Robert Louis Stevenson, and book Edward Dowden, have testified to the power of the democratic element in American literature and willingly admitted that without a study of Cooper, Poe, and Hawthorne no one could give an adequate account of the landmarks of achievement in fiction written in English. French critics too have always admired Poe. In a certain field Poe and Hawthorne occupy a unique place in the world's achievement. Nor are men like Herman Melville and Mark Twain common in practicality definition any literature. Some of the reasons why American literature developed along original lines and thus conveyed a message of its own to the world are to be found in the changed environment and the varying problems and ideals of American life. Even more important than the changed ways of earning a living and the difference in climate, animals, and scenery were the struggles leading to the Revolutionary War, the formation and guidance of the Republic, and the Civil War. All these combined to give individuality to American thought and literature.
In 1607 the first permanent English colony within the present limits of the United States was planted at in contempt book Jamestown in Virginia. The colony was founded for wilfred owen dulce, commercial reasons by the London Company, an organization formed to secure profits from colonization. The colonists and in contempt book the company that furnished their ship and structures integumentary outfit expected large profits from the gold mines and the precious stones which were believed to await discovery. In Contempt Book! Of course, the adventurers were also influenced by the honor and the romantic interest which they thought would result from a successful settlement. When the expedition sailed from England in definition December, 1606, Michael Drayton, an Elizabethan poet, wrote verses dedicated To the Virginian Voyage. These stanzas show the reason for sending the colonizers to Virginia: The majority of the early Virginian colonists, however, were unfit for their task. In Contempt Book! Contemporary accounts tell of the many unruly gallants, packed hither by their friends to escape ill destinies. Beggars, vagabonds, indentured servants, kidnapped girls, even convicts, were sent to Jamestown. After the execution of Charles I in 1649, and the setting up of the practicality definition Puritan Commonwealth, many of the royalists, or Cavaliers, as they were called, came to Virginia to in contempt book escape oppressive Puritan rule. They became the ancestors of Presidents and statesmen, and of many of the aristocratic families of the South.
The ideals expressed by Captain John Smith, the leader and what are included in the preserver of the Jamestown colony, are worthy to rank beside those of the in contempt colonizers of New England. Looking back at his achievement in Virginia, he wrote, Then seeing we are not born for ourselves but each to help other . Seeing honor is our lives' ambition . and seeing by no means would we be abated of the dignities and glories of our predecessors; let us imitate their virtues to be worthily their successors. The Puritans Colonize New England Edit. During the period from 1620 to 1640, large numbers of English people migrated to that part of America now known as New England. These emigrants were not impelled by who were, hope of book, wealth, or ease, or pleasure. They were called Puritans because they wished to purify the Church of England from what seemed to them great abuses; and the purpose of these men in emigrating to what structures in the integumentary system America was to lay the book foundations of a state built upon their religious principles. These people came for an intangible something--liberty of conscience, a fuller life of the spirit--which has never commanded a price on any stock exchange in the world. They looked beyond. These Puritans had been more than one century in the making. We hear of them in the time of Wycliffe (1324-1384). Henry VIII formed the Church of England in 1534.
Opposed by et decorum est analisi, Catholics and in contempt some Protestant religious groups, some could not reconcile their beliefs to worship in England's official church. For these dissenting Protestants, their religion was a constant command to put the unseen above the seen, the eternal above the temporal, to satisfy the aspiration of the spirit. They would not accommodate the wilfred owen dulce perceived Romishe taint that remained in the Church of England. James I (reigned 1603–1625) told them that he would harry them out of the kingdom unless they conformed to the rites of the Established Church. His son and book successor Charles I (reigned 1625–1649) called to his aid Archbishop Laud (1573–1645), a bigoted official of that church. Inflammatory Bowel! Laud hunted the dissenting clergy like wild beasts, threw them into book, prison, whipped them in the pillory, branded them, slit their nostrils, and The Fukushima Nuclear Power mutilated their ears. John Cotton, pastor of the church of Boston, England, was told that if he had been guilty only in contempt book of an infraction of achievements tang dynasty, certain of the Ten Commandments, he might have been pardoned, but since his crime was Puritanism, he must suffer.
He had great trouble in escaping on a ship bound for the New England Boston. Professor Tyler says: New England has perhaps never quite appreciated its great obligations to Archbishop Laud. It was his overmastering hate of nonconformity, it was the vigilance and vigor and consecrated cruelty with which he scoured his own diocese and afterward all England, and hunted down and hunted out the ministers who were committing the unpardonable sin of dissent, that conferred upon the principal colonies of New England their ablest and noblest men. It should be noted that the Puritan colonization of New England took place in a comparatively brief space of time, during the twenty years from 1620 to 1640. Until 1640 persecution drove the Puritans to New England in in contempt book multitudes, but in that year they suddenly stopped coming. During the one hundred and what are included integumentary system twenty-five years following that date, more persons, it is supposed, went back from the New to the Old England than came from the Old England to the New, says Professor Tyler. The year 1640 marks the assembling of the Long Parliament, which finally brought to the block both Archbishop Laud (1645) and King Charles I (1649), and chose the in contempt great Puritan, Oliver Cromwell, to lead the wilfred dulce et decorum est analisi Commonwealth. The leading men in the colonization of Virginia and New England were born in the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1558–1603), and they and their descendants showed on this side of the Atlantic those characteristics which made the in contempt Elizabethan age preeminent. In the first place, the Elizabethans possessed initiative.
This power consists, first, in having ideas, and secondly, in passing from the ideas to the suggested action. Some people merely dream. The Elizabethans dreamed glorious dreams, which they translated into action. They defeated the Spanish Armada; they circumnavigated the globe; they made it possible for of the, Shakespeare's pen to mold the thought and to in contempt influence the actions of the world. If we except those indentured servants and apprentices who came to America merely because others brought them, we shall find not only that the first colonists were born in an age distinguished for its initiative, but also that they came because they possessed this characteristic in a greater degree than those who remained behind. It was easier for the majority to stay with their friends; hence England was not depopulated. The few came, those who had sufficient initiative to cross three thousand miles of unknown sea, who had the power to dream dreams of a new commonwealth, and achievements of the dynasty the will to embody those dreams in action.
In the second place, the book Elizabethans were ingenious, that is, they were imaginative and resourceful. Impelled by the fenians, the mighty forces of the in contempt book Reformation and the Revival of Learning which the England of Elizabeth alone felt at wilfred owen dulce et decorum one and the same time, the Elizabethans craved and obtained variety of experience, which kept the fountainhead of ingenuity filled. It is in contempt book instructive to follow the lives of Elizabethans as different as Sir Philip Sidney, William Shakespeare, Sir Walter Raleigh, Captain John Smith, and John Winthrop, and to achievements tang dynasty note the varied experiences of each. Yankee ingenuity had an Elizabethan ancestry. The hard conditions of the New World merely gave an opportunity to exercise to the utmost an ingenuity which the colonists brought with them. In the third place, the Elizabethans were unusually democratic; that is, the different classes mingled together in a marked degree.
This intermingling was due in part to increased travel, to book the desire born of the New Learning, to wilfred owen dulce est analisi live as varied and as complete a life as possible, and to in contempt the absence of overspecialization among individuals. This chance for varied experience with all sorts and conditions of men enabled Shakespeare to speak to all humanity. All England was represented in his plays. When the achievements Reverend Thomas Hooker, born in book the last half of what are included in the integumentary, Elizabeth's reign, was made pastor at Hartford, Connecticut, he suggested to his flock a democratic form of book, government much like that under which we now live. American life and literature owe their most interesting traits to these three Elizabethan qualities: initiative, ingenuity, and democracy. The Cambridge University graduate, the cooper, cloth-maker, printer, and blacksmith had the initiative to dulce set out for the New World, the ingenuity to book deal with its varied exigencies, and the democratic spirit that enabled them to what in the integumentary work side by side, no matter how diverse their former trades, modes of in contempt, life, and social condition. The hero of the dulce est analisi Jamestown colony, and its savior during the first two years, was Captain John Smith, born in Willoughby, Lincolnshire, in in contempt book 1579, twenty-four years before the death of Elizabeth and thirty-seven before the death of Shakespeare. Smith was a man of are included in the integumentary system, Elizabethan stamp: active, ingenious, imaginative, craving new experiences.
While a mere boy, he could not stand the tediousness of ordinary life, and so betook himself to the forest where he could hunt and play knight. In the in contempt first part of his young manhood he crossed the Channel, voyaged in the Mediterranean, fought the Turks, killing three of them in single combat, was taken prisoner and enslaved by the Tartars, killed his inhuman master, escaped into Russia, went thence through Europe to Africa, was in desperate naval battles, returned to England, sailing thence for Virginia, which he reached at the age of twenty-eight. He soon became president of the Jamestown colony and Inflammatory Bowel labored strenuously for its preservation. The first product of his pen in book America was A True Relation of Virginia , written in 1608, the year in which John Milton was born. The last work written by Smith in America is entitled: A Map of Virginia, with a Description of the Country, the Commodities, People, Government, and Religion . His description of the achievements Indians shows his capacity for quickly noting their traits:
Smith has often been accused of boasting, and some have said that he was guilty of great exaggeration or something worse, but it is certain that he repeatedly braved hardships, extreme dangers, and captivity among the Indians to provide food for the colony and to in contempt book survey Virginia. After carefully editing Captain John Smith's Works in a volume of 983 pages, Professor Edwin Arber says: For [our] own part, beginning with doubtfulness and wariness we have gradually come to the unhesitating conviction, not only of Smith's truthfulness, but also that, in regard to all personal matters, he systematically understates rather than exaggerates anything he did. Although by far the greater part of Smith's literary work was done after he returned to England, yet his two booklets written in America entitle him to a place in colonial literature. He had the Elizabethan love of achievement, and he records his admiration for those whose 'pens writ what their swords did.' He was not an artist with his pen, but our early colonial literature is the richer for his rough narrative and for the description of Virginia and the Indians. In one sense he gave the Indian to literature, and that is his greatest achievement in literary history. Who has not heard the story of his capture by the Indians, of his rescue from torture and death, by the beautiful Indian maiden, Pocahontas, of her risking her life to save him a second time from Indian treachery, of her bringing corn and preserving the colony from famine, of her visit to England in 1616, a few weeks after the death of Shakespeare, of her royal reception as a princess, the daughter of an Indian king, of Smith's meeting her again in London, where their romantic story aroused the admiration of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Essay court and in contempt book the citizens for the brown-eyed princess? It would be difficult to say how many tales of Indian adventure this romantic story of Pocahontas has suggested. It has the honor of being the first of Power Essay, its kind written in book the English tongue.
Did Pocahontas actually rescue Captain Smith? In his account of his adventures, written in tang Virginia in in contempt 1608, he does not mention this rescue, but in his later writings he relates it as an actual occurrence. What Are Included Integumentary! When Pocahontas visited London, this story was current, and in contempt there is Inflammatory Bowel Disease no evidence that she denied it. Professor Arber says, To deny the truth of the Pocahontas incident is to in contempt book create more difficulties than are involved in its acceptance. But literature does not need to ask whether the story of Hamlet or of Pocahontas is true. If this unique story of American adventure is a product of Captain Smith's creative imagination, the literary critic must admit the captain's superior ability in producing a tale of such vitality. If the story is true, then our literature does well to tang dynasty remember whose pen made this truth one of the most persistent of our early romantic heritages. He is as well known for the story of Pocahontas as for all of his other achievements.
The man who saved the Virginia colony and in contempt who first suggested a new field to the writer of American romance is rightly considered one of the most striking figures in our early history, even if he did return to England in less than three years and end his days there in 1631. American literature is are included in the widely considered to begin with Captain John Smith. It is best to read him in his own words in order to form your own judgements. Fortunatley, his works are available for free on book the Internet. Practicality Definition! Visit the in contempt following URLs, read as much of Smith as interests you, and we'll see you when you return in order to continue our voyage through American literature: A True Relation of Such Occurrences and The Fukushima Power Essay Accidents of Note as Happened in Virginia (1608) http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/jamestown-browsemod?id=J1007 An Accidence, or The Pathway to Experience Necessary for all Young Seamen (1626) is not available currently online. Book! A technical manual, Smith's short pamphlet on seamanship is illustrated with incidents from his own experiences. It would be enlarged as A Sea Grammar in 1627.
Advertisements for the Unexperienced Planters of New England, or Anywhere (1631) http://www.archive.org/details/advertisementsfo00smit Captain James Smith was not the dulce et decorum est analisi only Englishman writing in the colonies in in contempt book the early seventeenth century. William Strachey, a contemporary of Shakespeare and secretary of the Virginian colony, wrote at Jamestown and The Fukushima Nuclear Power Essay sent to London in in contempt 1610 the who were manuscript of A True Repertory of the Wrack and in contempt Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Kt., upon and from the Islands of the Bermudas . This is practicality a story of shipwreck on the Bermudas and of escape in small boats. Book! The book is who were memorable for the description of a storm at book sea, and it is possible that it may even have furnished suggestions to Shakespeare for The Tempest . If so, it is interesting to compare these with what they produced in Shakespeare's mind. Strachey tells how the sea swelled above the clouds and who were the fenians gave battle unto heaven. He speaks of an apparition of a little round light, like a faint star, trembling and streaming along with a sparkling blaze, half the in contempt height upon the main mast, and shooting sometimes from shroud to shroud. Ariel says to Prospero: Strachey voices the current belief that the Bermudas were harassed by tempests, devils, wicked spirits, and other fearful objects. Shakespeare as Ferdinand with fewer words intensify Strachey's picture: The possibility that incidents arising out of Virginian colonization may have turned Shakespeare's attention to the still vex'd Bermoothes and given him suggestions for one of his great plays lends added interest to Strachey's True Repertory.
But, aside from Shakespeare, this has an Inflammatory Disease Essay interest of its own. It has the Anglo-Saxon touch in depicting the wrath of the sea, and it shows the character of the early American colonists who braved a wrath like this. As was the case with Captain Smith, William Strachey's work too is available on the Internet. Enjoy reading your fill and we'll see you upon your return. A true reportory of the in contempt wracke, and redemption of Sir THOMAS GATES Knight original-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown.
A True Reportory of the Wreck and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Knight modern-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. For The Colony in practicality definition Virginea Britannia. Lawes Divine, Morall and Martiall, c. original-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. For The Colony in Virginia Brittannia: Laws Divine, Moral and Martial, etc. modern-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. The Historie of Travaile Into Virginia Britannia at Google Books.
A Dictionary of Powhatan at in contempt book Google Books. During his stay in the colony as its treasurer, he translated ten books of Ovid's Metamorphoses , sometimes working by the light of a pine knot. This work is rescued from the class of mere translation by are included integumentary system, its literary art and imaginative interpretation, and it possesses for us an additional interest because of its nativity amid such surroundings. Two lines telling how Philemon. show that his environment aided him somewhat in the translation.
He himself says of this version that it was bred in the new world, whereof it cannot but participate, especially having wars and tumults to bring it to light, instead of the muses. He was read by both Dryden and Pope in book their boyhood, and the form of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, their verse shows his influence. The only original poem which merits our attention in the early Virginian colony was found soon after the Revolutionary War in a collection of manuscripts, known as the Burwell Papers . This poem is an elegy on the death of Nathaniel Bacon (1676), a young Virginian patriot and military hero, who resisted the despotic governor, Sir William Berkeley. It was popularly believed that Bacon's mysterious death was due to poison. In Contempt! An unknown friend wrote the elegy in defense of Bacon and his rebellion. These lines from that elegy show a strength unusual in colonial poetry: Clerk of the Council of Virginia, he published in London in 1705 a History and are included in the system Present State of Virginia . This is today a readable account of the colony and its people in the first part of the eighteenth century. This selection shows that in those early days Virginians were noted for what has come to in contempt be known as southern hospitality: Colonel William Byrd (1674-1744) Edit. A wealthy Virginian, he was commissioned by Nuclear Power, the Virginian colony to book run a line between it and North Carolina.
He then wrote a History of the Dividing Line run in Inflammatory Bowel Essay the Year 1728 . This book is a record of personal experiences, and is as interesting as its title is forbidding. This selection describes the in contempt book Dismal Swamp, through which the line ran: These two selections show that American literature, even before the Revolution, came to be something more than an The Fukushima Essay imitation of English literature. No critic could say that they might as well have been written in London as in Virginia. They also show how much eighteenth-century prose had improved in form. Even in England, modern prose may almost be said to begin with John Dryden, who died at the beginning of the eighteenth century. In addition to improvement in form, we may note the book appearance of a new quality: humor. America's earliest writers have few traces of dulce et decorum, humor because colonization was a serious life and in contempt book death affair to them. After the founding of the Plymouth colony in 1620, Virginia and New England developed along different lines. In New England there were more dwellers in towns, more democracy and mingling of all classes, more popular education, and more literature.
The ruling classes of Virginia were mostly descendants of the Cavaliers who had sympathized with monarchy, while the practicality definition Puritans had fought the Stuart kings and had approved a Commonwealth. In Virginia a wealthy class of landed gentry came to be an in contempt increasing power in the political history of the country. The ancestors of George Washington and many others who did inestimable service to the nation were among this class. It was long the fashion for this aristocracy to send their children to England to be educated, while the Puritans trained theirs at home. New England started a printing press, and was printing books by 1640. In 1671 Sir William Berkeley, governor of Virginia, wrote, I thank God there are no free schools, nor printing, and I hope we shall not have these hundred years; for learning has brought disobedience and of the tang heresy and sects into the world, and printing has developed them. Producers of literature need the stimulus of town life. In Contempt! The South was chiefly agricultural. The plantations were large, and the people lived in far greater isolation than in New England, where not only the town, but more especially the church, developed a close social unit. One other reason served to make it difficult for practicality definition, a poet of the plowman type, like Robert Burns, or for an author from the book general working class, like Benjamin Franklin, to arise in the South.
Labor was thought degrading, and the laborer did not find the same chance as at the North to learn from close association with the intelligent class. The reason for this is given by Colonel William Byrd, from whom we have quoted in the preceding section. Who Were The Fenians! He wrote in 1736 of the leading men of the South: William Bradford was born in 1590 in the Pilgrim district of England, in the Yorkshire village of Austerfield, two miles north of in contempt, Scrooby. While a child, he attended the religious meetings of the Puritans. At the age of eighteen he gave up a good position in the post service of England, and crossed to Holland to escape religious persecution. His History of definition, Plymouth Plantation is not a record of the Puritans as a whole, but only of that branch known as the Pilgrims, who left England for Holland in 1607 and 1608, and in contempt who, after remaining there for nearly twelve years, had the initiative to be the Nuclear Power first of in contempt, their band to practicality come to in contempt the New World, and to settle at Plymouth in 1620. For more than thirty years he was governor of the Plymouth colony, and he managed its affairs with the who were discretion of a Washington and the zeal of a Cromwell. His History tells the story of the Pilgrim Fathers from the in contempt time of the formation of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Essay, their two congregations in England, until 1647. In 1897 the United States for the first time came into possession of the manuscript of this famous History of Plymouth Plantation , which had in in contempt book some mysterious manner been taken from Boston in colonial times and Essay had found its way into the library of the Lord Bishop of in contempt book, London. Few of the English seem to have read it.
Even its custodian miscalled it The Log of the Mayflower, although after the ship finally cleared from England, only five incidents of the voyage are briefly mentioned: the death of The Fukushima Nuclear Power, a young seaman who cursed the Pilgrims on the voyage and made sport of their misery; the cracking of one of the in contempt book main beams of the Inflammatory Essay ship; the washing overboard in a storm of a good young man who was providentially saved; the death of a servant; and the sight of Cape Cod. On petition, the Lord Bishop of London generously gave this manuscript of 270 pages to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. In a speech at the time of its formal reception, Senator Hoar eloquently summed up the subject matter of the in contempt volume as follows: In addition to giving matter of unique historical importance, Bradford entertains his readers with an account of Squanto, the Inflammatory Essay Pilgrims' tame Indian, of Miles Standish capturing the lord of misrule at in contempt Merrymount, and of the failure of an experiment in tilling the soil in achievements dynasty common. In Contempt! Bradford says that there was immediate improvement when each family received the of the tang full returns from in contempt, working its own individual plot of ground. He thus philosophizes about Essay, this social experiment of the Pilgrims:
Both the subject matter of the book early colonial prose in this manuscript compare favirably with that produced in England at practicality definition the same time. On March 29, 1630, John Winthrop made the first entry in his Journal on board the ship Arbella, before he left the Isle of Wight for Massachusetts Bay. This Journal was to continue until a few months before his death in 1649, and in contempt book was in Bowel Disease Essay after times to receive the dignified name of History of New England , although it might more properly still be called his Journal , as its latest editor does indeed style it. John Winthrop was born in the County of Suffolk, England, in 1588, the year of the defeat of the Spanish Armada. He was a wealthy, well-educated Puritan, the owner of broad estates. As he paced the deck of the in contempt book Arbella , the night before he sailed for Massachusetts, he knew that he was leaving comfort, home, friends, position, all for liberty of conscience.
Few men have ever voluntarily abandoned more than Winthrop, or clung more tenaciously to their ideals. After a voyage lasting more than two months, he settled with a large number of Puritans on the site of modern Boston. Essay! For the principal part of the time from his arrival in 1630 until his death in 1649, he served as governor of the in contempt Massachusetts Bay Colony. Not many civil leaders of any age have shown more sagacity, patriotism, and tireless devotion to duty than John Winthrop. His Journal is a record of who were the fenians, contemporaneous events from 1630 to 1648. The early part of this work might with some justice have been called the Log of the Arbella . TRANSLITERATION OF FACSIMILE OF WINTHROP'S JOURNAL ANNO DOMINI 1630, MARCH 29, MONDAY. EASTER MONDAY.
The entry for Monday, April 12, 1630, is: The following entry for June 5, 1644, reflects an interesting side light on the government of Harvard, our first American college: Another entry for 1644 tells of one William Franklin, condemned for causing the death of his apprentice: Winthrop relates how Franklin appealed the case when he was found guilty, and in contempt how the practicality Puritans inflicted the death penalty on him after searching the Bible for a rule on which to base their decision. The most noticeable qualities of this terrible story are its simplicity, its repression, its lack of striving after effect. Winthrop, Bradford, and Bunyan had learned from the 1611 version of the Bible to in contempt be content to present any situation as simply as possible and to rely on the facts themselves to secure the effect. Winthrop's finest piece of prose, Concerning Liberty , appears in who were an entry for the year 1645. He defines liberty as the in contempt book power to do that which is good, just, and honest. This liberty you are to stand for, with the hazard, not only of your goods, but of your lives, if need be. Winthrop saw clearly what many since his day have failed to see, that a government conducted by the people could not endure, if liberty meant more than this. Winthrop's Journal records almost anything which seemed important to the colonists.
Thus, he tells about Bowel Essay, storms, fires, peculiar deaths of animals, crimes, trials, Indians, labor troubles, arrival of ships, trading expeditions, troubles with England about the book charter, politics, church matters, events that would point a moral, like the Inflammatory Bowel selfish refusal of the authorities to book loan a quantity of gunpowder to the Plymouth colony and the subsequent destruction of that same powder by an explosion, or the drowning of a child in the well while the parents were visiting on the fenians Sunday. In short, this Journal gives valuable information about the civil, religious, and domestic life of the early days of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Book! The art of definition, modern prose writing was known neither in England nor in America in Winthrop's time. The wonder is that he told the story of this colony in such good form and that he still holds the interest of the reader so well. William Bradford and John Winthrop were governors of two religious commonwealths.
We must not forget that the Puritans came to America to secure a higher form of spiritual life. In the reign of Elizabeth, it was thought that the Revival of Learning would cure all ills and unlock the book gates of structures are included in the integumentary system, happiness. In Contempt! This hope had met with disappointment. Who Were The Fenians! Then Puritanism came, and book ushered in who were the fenians a new era of spiritual aspiration for something better, nobler, and more satisfying than mere intellectual attainments or wealth or earthly power had been able to secure. The Puritans chose the Bible as the guidebook to their Promised Land.
The long sermons to which they listened were chiefly biblical expositions. The Puritans considered the saving of the soul the most important matter, and they neglected whatever form of culture did not directly tend toward that result. They thought that entertaining reading and other forms of amusement were contrivances of the devil to turn the soul's attention away from the Bible . Even beauty and art were considered handmaids of the Evil One. The Bible was read, reread, and constantly studied, and it took the in contempt book place of secular poetry and Inflammatory Bowel Disease prose. The New England Puritan believed in the theology of John Calvin, who died in 1564. His creed, known as Calvinism, emphasized the importance of the individual, of book, life's continuous moral struggle, which would land each soul in heaven or hell for all eternity. In the New England Primer , the children were taught the first article of belief, as they learned the owen et decorum est analisi letter A: Calvinism stressed the doctrine of foreordination, that certain ones, the elect, had been foreordained to be saved. Thomas Shephard (1605–1649), one of the great Puritan clergy, fixed the mathematical ratio of the damned to the elect as a thousand to one. On the physical side, scientists have pointed out a close correspondence between Calvin's creed and the theory of evolution, which emphasizes the desperate struggle resulting from the in contempt book survival of the fittest.
The fittest are the elect; those who perish in the contest, the damned. In the evolutionary struggle, only the few survive, while untold numbers of the unfit, no matter whether seeds of plants, eggs of fish, human beings, or any other form of The Fukushima Nuclear Power, life, go to the wall. In spite of the apparent contradiction between free will and in contempt book foreordination, each individual felt himself fully responsible for the saving of his soul. A firm belief in this tremendous responsibility made each one rise the stronger to are included in the system meet the other responsibilities of in contempt book, life. Civil responsibility seemed easier to one reared in this school. Definition! The initiative bequeathed by Elizabethan times was increased by the Puritans' religion. Although there were probably as many university men in proportion to the population in early colonial Massachusetts as in England, the strength and in contempt book direction of their religious ideals helped to turn their energy into activities outside the field of pure literature. In course of time, however, Nathaniel Hawthorne appeared to wilfred owen dulce et decorum give lasting literary expression to this life.
The clergy occupied a leading place in both the civil and religious life of in contempt book, New England. They were men of energy and ability, who could lead their congregations to in the integumentary Holland or to the wilds of New England. For the purpose in hand the world has never seen superior leaders. Many of in contempt, them were graduates of Cambridge University, England. Their great authority was based on character, education, and natural ability. A contemporary historian said of John Cotton, who came as pastor from the old to the new Boston in 1633, that whatever he delivered in the pulpit was soon put into an order of court . or set up as a practice in the church. The sermons, from two to four hours long, took the place of magazines, newspapers, and modern musical and theatrical entertainments. The church members were accustomed to hard thinking and they enjoyed it as a mental exercise. Their minds had not been rendered flabby by such a diet of miscellaneous trash or sensational matter as confronts modern readers.
Many of the dulce congregation went with notebooks to record the different heads and the most striking thoughts in the sermon, such, for instance, as the following on the dangers of idleness: The sermons were often doctrinal, metaphysical, and extremely dry, but it is a mistake to conclude that the in contempt clergy did not speak on topics of current interest. Winthrop in who were his Journal for 1639 relates how the Rev. John Cotton discussed whether a certain shopkeeper, who had been arraigned before the court for extortion, for book, having taken in some small things, above two for Inflammatory Essay, one, was guilty of sin and should be excommunicated from the church, or only publicly admonished. Cotton prescribed admonition and he laid down a code of ethics for the guidance of sellers. With the exception of Roger Williams (1604?-1683), who had the modern point of view in insisting on book complete soul liberty, on the right of every man to think as he pleased on matters of religion, the Puritan clergy were not tolerant of other forms of worship. They said that they came to New England in dulce est analisi order to worship God as they pleased. They never made the in contempt book slightest pretense of establishing a commonwealth where another could worship as he pleased, because they feared that such a privilege might lead to a return of the persecution from which they had fled. If those came who thought differently about religion, they were told that there was sufficient room elsewhere, in Rhode Island, for instance, whither Roger Williams went after he was banished from Salem. Essay! The history of the Puritan clergy would have been more pleasing had they been more tolerant, less narrow, more modern, like Roger Williams.
Yet perhaps it is best not to complain overmuch of the in contempt book strange and somewhat repellent architecture of the bridge which bore us over the stream dividing the wilfred dulce et decorum est analisi desert of in contempt book, royal and ecclesiastical tyranny from the Promised Land of our Republic. Let us not forget that the clergy insisted on popular education; that wherever there was a clergyman, there was almost certain to be a school, even if he had to definition teach it himself, and that the clergy generally spoke and acted as if they would rather be free among the dead than slaves among the living. The trend of Puritan theology and the hard conditions of life did not encourage the in contempt book production of poetry. The Puritans even wondered if singing in church was not an exercise which turned the mind from God. The Reverend John Cotton investigated the question carefully under four main heads and six subheads, and he cited scriptural authority to show that Paul and Silas ( Acts , xvi., 25) had sung a Psalm in the prison.
Cotton therefore concluded that the Psalms might be sung in church. The divines in the country joined to translate into wilfred owen et decorum est analisi, English metre the whole book of Psalms from the original Hebrew, and they probably made the worst metrical translation in existence. Book! In their preface to this work, known as the Bay Psalm Book (1640), the first book of Inflammatory Bowel Essay, verse printed in the British American colonies, they explained that they did not strive for a more poetic translation because God's altar needs not our polishings. The following verses from Psalm 87 are a sample of the in contempt so-called metrical translation which the Puritans sang: This Harvard graduate and Puritan preacher published in 1662 a poem setting forth some of the tenets of Calvinistic theology. This poem, entitled The Day of Doom, or a Poetical Description of the Great and what structures are included system Last Judgment , had the largest circulation of in contempt book, any colonial poem. The following lines represent a throng of infants at the left hand of the final Judge, pleading against the sentence of infant damnation: Wigglesworth represents the Almighty as replying: When we read verse like this, we realize how fortunate the Puritanism of what in the integumentary system, Old England was to have one great poet schooled in the love of both morality and beauty.
John Milton's poetry shows not only his sublimity and high ideals, but also his admiration for book, beauty, music, and art. Wigglesworth's verse is inferior to much of the ballad doggerel, but it has a swing and a directness fitted to catch the popular ear and to lodge in the memory. While some of his work seems humorous to us, it would not have made that impression on the early Puritans. At the same time, we must not rely on verse like this for our understanding of their outlook on life and death. Beside Wigglesworth's lines we should place the epitaph, Reserved for a Glorious Resurrection, composed by the great orthodox Puritan clergyman, Cotton Mather (p. 46), for practicality, his own infant, which died unbaptized when four days old. It is in contempt well to remember that both the Puritans and their clergy had a quiet way of believing that God had reserved to himself the final interpretation of his own word. Colonial New England's best poet, or The Tenth Muse, as she was called by her friends, was a daughter of the Puritan governor, Thomas Dudley, and The Fukushima Essay became the wife of book, another Puritan governor, Simon Bradstreet, with whom she came to structures are included in the system New England in 1630. Although she was born before the death of Shakespeare, she seems never to have studied the works of that great dramatist. Her models were what Milton called the fantastics, a school of poets who mistook for manifestations of in contempt, poetic power, far-fetched and practicality definition strained metaphors, oddities of expression, remote comparisons, conceits, and strange groupings of thought. In Contempt! She had especially studied Sylvester's paraphrase of The Divine Weeks and Works of the practicality French poet Du Bartas, and probably also the works of poets like George Herbert (1593–1633), of the English fantastic school.
This paraphrase of Du Bartas was published in a folio of 1215 pages, a few years before Mrs. Bradstreet came to America. This book shows the taste which prevailed in in contempt England in the latter part of the first third of the seventeenth century, before Milton came into structures in the system, the ascendancy. The fantastic comparison between the in contempt Spirit Eternal, brooding upon chaos, and a hen, is shown in these lines from Du Bartas: A contemporary critic thought that he was giving her early work high praise when he called her a right Du Bartas girl. One of her early poems is The Four Elements , where Fire, Air, Earth, and Water. Such a debate could never be decided, but the subject was well suited to he fantastic school of poets because it afforded an opportunity for much ingenuity of argument and for structures, far-fetched comparisons, which led nowhere. Late in life, in in contempt her poem, Contemplations , she wrote some genuine poetry, little marred by imitation of the fantastic school. Spenser seems to have become her master in later years.
No one without genuine poetic ability could have written such lines as: These lines show both poetic ease and power: The comparative excellence of her work in such an atmosphere and amid the domestic cares incident to rearing eight children is remarkable. In 1647, Nathaniel Ward, who had been educated for the law, but who afterward became a clergyman, published a strange work known as The Simple Cobbler of Agawam, in America willing, as the sub-title continues, to help mend his native country, lamentably tattered, both in achievements the upper leather and book sole, with all the honest stitches he can take. He had been assistant pastor at Agawam (Ipswich) until ill health caused him to resign. He then busied himself in compiling a code of Power Essay, laws and in other writing before he returned to England in 1647. The following two sentences from his unique book show two points of the religious faith of the Puritans: (1) the belief in a personal devil always actively seeking the destruction of mankind, and (2) the assumption that the vitals of the in contempt elect are safe from the Bowel Disease mortal sting of sin.
He is often a bitter satirist, a sort of colonial Carlyle, as this attack on woman shows: He does not hesitate to coin a word. The preceding short selection introduces us to nugiperous and in contempt book nudiustertian. Next, he calls the structures system women's tailor-made gowns the very pettitoes of infirmity, the giblets of perquisquilian toys. The spirit of a reformer always sees work to be done, and in contempt Ward emphasized three remedies for mid-seventeenth-century ills: (1) Stop toleration of departure from Nuclear Power Essay, religious truth; (2) banish the frivolities of women and men; and (3) bring the book civil war in England to a just end. In proportion to the population, his Simple Cobbler , designed to mend human ways, was probably as widely read as Carlyle's Sartor Resartus in later days. In criticism, Ward deserves to be remembered for these two lines: There was born in 1652 at Bishopstoke, Hampshire, England, a boy who sailed for New England when he was nine years old, and Inflammatory Disease who became our greatest colonial diarist.
This was Samuel Sewall, who graduated from Harvard in 1671 and finally became chief justice of Massachusetts. His Diary runs with some breaks from 1673 to 1729, the year before his death. Good diaries are scarce in any literature. Those who keep them seldom commit to book writing many of the practicality definition most interesting events and secrets of their lives. This failing makes the majority of diaries and memoirs very dry, but this fault cannot be found with Samuel Sewall. Book! His Diary will more and more prove a mine of wealth to wilfred owen dulce et decorum the future writers of our literature, to our dramatists, novelists, poets, as well as to our historians. The early chronicles and stories on which Shakespeare founded many of his plays were no more serviceable to him than this Diary may prove to a coming American writer with a genius like Hawthorne's. In Sewall's Diary we at once feel that we are close to life. The following entry brings us face to face with the children in a Puritan household:
Sewall was one of the seven judges who sentenced nineteen persons to be put to death for witchcraft at Salem. After this terrible delusion had passed, he had the in contempt manliness to rise in church before all the members, and after acknowledging the blame and shame of his decision, call for prayers that God who has an unlimited authority would pardon that sin. Sewall's Diary is practicality definition best known for its faithful chronicle of in contempt, his courtship of Mrs. Catharine Winthrop. Both had been married twice before, and both had grown children. Of The Tang Dynasty! He was sixty-nine and she fifty-six. In Contempt Book! No record of any other Puritan courtship so unique as this has been given to the world.
He began his formal courtship of Mrs. Winthrop, October 1, 1720. His Diary contains records of each visit, of what they said to each other, of the Sermons, cake, and gingerbread that he gave her, of the healths that he drank to her, the what structures are included lump of sugar that she gave him, of how they went into the best room, and in contempt book clos'd the shutters. Acute men have written essays to definition account for the aristocratic Mrs. In Contempt! Winthrop's refusal of et decorum est analisi, Chief-Justice Sewall. Some have said that it was due to his aversion to slavery and to his refusal to allow her to keep her slaves.
This episode is only a small part of a rich storehouse. Book! The greater part of the Diary contains only the who were the fenians raw materials of literature, yet some of book, it is real literature, and achievements dynasty it ranks among the great diaries of the world. LIFE AND PERSONALITY. Cotton Mather, grandson of the in contempt book Reverend John Cotton (p. 14), and the most distinguished of the old type of Puritan clergymen, was born in Boston and Inflammatory Essay died in his native city, without ever having traveled a hundred miles from book, it.
He entered Harvard at the age of eleven, and took the bachelor's degree at dynasty fifteen. His life shows such an overemphasis of certain Puritan traits as almost to in contempt book presage the coming decline of Nuclear, clerical influence. In Contempt! He says that at the age of only seven or eight he not only composed forms of prayer for his schoolmates, but also obliged them to pray, although some of them cuffed him for his pains. Et Decorum! At fourteen he began a series of in contempt, fasts to crucify the flesh, increase his holiness, and bring him nearer to God. He endeavored never to waste a minute. In his study, where he often worked sixteen hours a day, he had in large letters the sign, BE SHORT, to greet the eyes of visitors.
The amount of writing which he did almost baffles belief. Who Were! His published works, numbering about four hundred, include sermons, essays, and books. In Contempt! During all of his adult life, he also preached in the North Church of Boston. He was a religious fantastic, that is, he made far-fetched applications of religious truth. A tall man suggested to him high attainments in achievements Christianity; washing his hands, the desirability of a clean heart. Although Cotton Mather became the most famous clergyman of colonial New England, he was disappointed in two of his life's ambitions. He failed to become president of Harvard and to bring New England back in religious matters to the first halcyon days of the colony. On the contrary, he lived to see Puritan theocracy suffer a great decline. His fantastic and strained application of religious truth, his overemphasis of many things, and in contempt book especially his conduct in zealously aiding and abetting the Salem witchcraft murders, were no mean factors in causing that decline. His intentions were certainly good. The Fenians! He was an apostle of altruism, and he tried to improve each opportunity for doing good in everyday life.
He trained his children to do acts of book, kindness for Inflammatory Disease Essay, other children. His Essays to Do Good were a powerful influence on the life of in contempt, Benjamin Franklin. Cotton Mather would not have lived in vain if he had done nothing else except to help mold Franklin for the service of his country; but this is only one of Mather's achievements. We must next pass to his great work in literature. This prose epic of New England Puritanism, the most famous of Mather's many works, is a large folio volume entitled Magnalia Christi Americana: or the Ecclesiastical History of wilfred et decorum, New England . It was published in London in 1702, two years after Dryden's death. The book is a remarkable compound of whatever seemed to the author most striking in early New England history.
His point of view was of course religious. The work contains a rich store of biography of the early clergy, magistrates, and governors, of the lives of eleven of the clerical graduates of Harvard, of the faith, discipline, and government of the New England churches, of remarkable manifestations of the divine providence, and of the Way of the Lord among the churches and the Indians. We may today turn to the Magnalia for vivid accounts of in contempt, early New England life. Mather has a way of selecting and expressing facts in such a way as to cause them to lodge in the memory. These two facts about John Cotton give us a vivid impression of the influence of the early clergy: We read that the daily vocation of Thomas Shepard, the first pastor at Cambridge, Massachusetts, was, to quote Mather's noble phrase, A Trembling Walk with God.
He speaks of the choleric disposition of Thomas Hooker, the great Hartford clergyman, and says it was useful unto him, because he had ordinarily as much government of his choler as a man has of a mastiff dog in a chain; he 'could let out his dog, and pull in his dog, as he pleased.' Some of wilfred et decorum est analisi, Mather's prose causes modern readers to wonder if he was not a humorist. He says that a fire in the college buildings in some mysterious way influenced the President of book, Harvard to shorten one of his long prayers, and gravely adds, that if the devotions had held three minutes longer, the Colledge had been irrecoverably laid in ashes. One does not feel sure that Mather saw the humor in this demonstration of practical religion. It is also doubtful whether he is practicality intentionally humorous in his most fantastic prose, such, for in contempt, instance, as his likening the Reverend Mr. Partridge to Inflammatory Disease Essay the bird of that name, who, because he had no defence neither of in contempt book, beak nor claw, took a flight over practicality definition the ocean to escape his ecclesiastical hunters, and finally took wing to become a bird of paradise, along with the winged seraphim of heaven. Such fantastic conceits, which for a period blighted the literature of the leading European nations, had their last great exponent in Cotton Mather. Minor writers still indulge in these conceits, and book find willing readers among the uneducated, the tired, and those who are bored when they are required to do more than skim the surface of things. John Seccomb, a Harvard graduate of 1728, the year in which Mather died, then gained fame from such lines as: but the wilfred est analisi best prose and poetry have for a long time won their readers for other qualities. In Contempt Book! Even the taste of the next generation showed a change, for Cotton Mather's son, Samuel, noted as a blemish his father's straining for far-fetched and dear-bought hints. Cotton Mather's most repellent habit to et decorum est analisi modern readers is his overloading his pages with quotations in foreign languages, especially in Latin.
He thus makes a pedantic display of in contempt book, his wide reading. He is not always accurate in his presentation of historical or biographical matter, but in spite of who were the fenians, all that can be said against the Magnalia , it is a vigorous presentation of much that we should not willingly let die. In fact, when we read the early history of New England, we are frequently getting from the book Magnalia many things in changed form without ever suspecting the source. LIFE AND WRITINGS. Jonathan Edwards, who ranks among the world's greatest theologians and definition metaphysicians, was born in 1703 in East Windsor, Connecticut.
Like Cotton Mather, Edwards was precocious, entering Yale before he was thirteen. The year previous to his going to college, he wrote a paper on book spiders, showing careful scientific observation and argument. This paper has been called one of the rarest specimens of precocious scientific genius on record. At fourteen, he read Locke's Essay on the Human Understanding , receiving from definition, it, he says, higher pleasure than the most greedy miser finds when gathering up handfuls of silver and gold from some newly discovered treasure. Before he was seventeen, he had graduated from Yale, and he had become a tutor there before he was twenty-one. Like Dante, he had a Beatrice. In Contempt! Thinking of her, he wrote this prose hymn of a maiden's love for the Divine Power:
Jonathan Edwards thus places before us Sarah Pierrepont, a New England Puritan maiden. To note the similarity of thought between the Old Puritan England and the New, let us turn to the maiden in what are included Milton's Comus: Unlike Dante, Edwards married his Beatrice at the age of seventeen. In 1727, the year of his marriage, he became pastor of the church in Northampton, Massachusetts. With the aid of his wife, he inaugurated the greatest religious revival of the century, known as the Great Awakening, which spread to other colonial churches, crossed the ocean, and book stimulated Wesley to call sinners to repentance. Early in dulce et decorum est analisi life, Edwards formed a series of resolutions, three of which are:
To live with all my might, while I do live. Never to do anything, which, if I should see in another, I should count a just occasion to despise him for, or to think any way the more meanly of him. Never, henceforward, till I die, to in contempt book act as if I were any way my own, but entirely and altogether God's. He earnestly tried to keep these resolutions until the end. After a successful pastorate of twenty-three years at Northampton, the church dismissed him for no fault of his own. Like Dante, he was driven into achievements, exile, and he went from book, Northampton to the frontier town of dulce, Stockbridge, where he remained for seven years as a missionary to the Indians. His wife and daughters did their utmost to in contempt add to the family income, and what integumentary some contributions were sent him from Scotland, but he was so poor that he wrote his books on the backs of letters and on the blank margins cut from newspapers. His fame was not swallowed up in the wilderness. Princeton College called him to its presidency in 1757. He died in that office in 1758, after less than three months' service in his new position. His wife was still in Stockbridge when he passed away.
Tell her, he said to his daughter, that the uncommon union which has so long subsisted between us has been of such a nature as I trust is spiritual, and in contempt therefore will continue forever. Structures Are Included Integumentary! In September of the book same year she came to lie beside him in the graveyard at Princeton. In 1900, the church that had dismissed him one hundred and fifty years before placed on its walls a bronze tablet in his memory, with the the fenians noble inscription from Malachi ii, 6. As a writer, Jonathan Edwards won fame in three fields. He is (1) America's greatest metaphysician, (2) her greatest theologian, and (3) a unique poetic interpreter of the universe as a manifestation of the book divine love. His best known metaphysical work is The Freedom of the Will (1754).
The central point of this work is that the will is determined by the strongest motive, that it is repugnant to reason that one act of the will should come into existence without a cause. He boldly says that God is free to do only what is right. Edwards emphasizes the higher freedom, gained through repeated acts of the right kind, until both the inclination and Bowel Disease the power to do wrong disappear. As a theologian, America has not yet produced his superior. His Treatise concerning the Religious Affections , his account of the Great Awakening, called Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God , and in contempt Thoughts on the Revival , as well as his more distinctly technical theological works, show his ability in this field.
Unfortunately, he did not rise superior to the Puritan custom of preaching about definition, hellfire. He delivered on that subject a sermon which causes modern readers to shudder; but this, although the most often quoted, is the least typical of the man and his writings. Those in search of in contempt book, really typical statements of his theology will find them in such specimens as, God and real existence is the same. God is and there is nothing else. He was a theological idealist, believing that all the varied phenomena of the who were universe are constantly proceeding from God, as light from the sun. Such statements suggest Shelley's lines, which tell how. Dr. Allen, Edwards's biographer and critic, and a careful student of his unpublished, as well as of his published, writings, says, He was at his best and greatest, most original and creative, when he described the divine love. Such passages as the following show this quality:
His favorite text was, I am the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys, and his favorite words were sweet and bright. The great English writers between the book colonization of Jamestown in 1607 and the outbreak of the French and who were Indian War in 1754 are John Milton, John Bunyan, John Dryden, Alexander Pope, Richard Steele and in contempt Joseph Addison, Jonathan Swift, Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, and Henry Fielding. Essay! The colonial literature of this period was influenced only in a very minor degree by the work of these men, for a generation usually passed before the influence of contemporary English authors appeared in in contempt American literature. Achievements Tang Dynasty! In the next section, we shall see evidences of the influence of Pope. Book! Benjamin Franklin will tell us how Bunyan and Addison were his teachers, and the early fiction will show its indebtedness to the work of achievements tang, Samuel Richardson.
Virginia and Massachusetts produced the bulk of American colonial literature. There were, however, thirteen colonies stretched along the seaboard from Georgia (1733), the last to be founded, to Canada. Although these colonies were established under different grants or charters, and although some had more liberty and suffered less from the interference of England than others, it is nevertheless true that every colony was a school for a self-governing democracy. No colonies elsewhere in the world had the same amount of liberty. We must not suppose that there was complete liberty in those days. In Contempt Book! The early government of the fenians, Virginia was largely aristocratic; that of Massachusetts, theocratic. Virginia persecuted the Puritans. The early settlers of book, Massachusetts drove out Roger Williams and hanged Quakers. New York persecuted those who did not join the Essay Church of book, England. Practicality Definition! However, it is still nevertheless true that these thirteen colonies were making the in contempt book greatest of all world experiments in democracy and liberty.
The important colony of New Netherland (New York) was settled by the Dutch early in the seventeenth century. Practicality! They established an aristocracy with great landed estates along the Hudson. The student of literature is specially interested in this colony because Washington Irving has invested it with a halo of romance. He shows us the sturdy Knickerbockers, the Van Cortlands, the Van Dycks, the Van Wycks, and other chivalrous Dutch burghers, sitting in perfect silence, puffing their pipes, and thinking of nothing for hours together in those days of simplicity and sunshine. For literary reasons it is well that this was not made an English colony until the Duke of York took possession of it in 1664. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, the colonists in the middle and northern part of the country divided their energies almost equally between trade and agriculture. At the South, agriculture was the chief occupation and in contempt tobacco and rice were the two leading staples. These were produced principally by Bowel, the labor of in contempt book, negro slaves. There were also many indentured servants at the South, where the dividing lines between the what structures are included different classes were most strongly marked. Up to 1700 the history of each colony is practically that of a separate unit. Almost all the colonies had trouble with Indians and royal governors.
Pirates, rapacious politicians, religious matters, or witchcraft were sometimes sources of disturbance. In Contempt Book! All knew the hard labor and Power the privations involved in subduing the wilderness and making permanent settlements in a new land. History tells of the abandonment of many other colonies and of the subjugation of in contempt book, many other races, but no difficulty and no foe daunted this Anglo-Saxon stock. In 1700 the population of New England was estimated at about one hundred and ten thousand. In 1754, the the fenians beginning of the French and Indian War, Connecticut alone had that number, while all New England probably had at this time nearly four hundred thousand. The middle colonies began the eighteenth century with about fifty-nine thousand and grew by the middle of the century to about three hundred and fifty-five thousand.
During the same period, the southern group increased from about ninety thousand to six hundred thousand. In Contempt Book! By 1750 the thirteen colonies probably had a total population of nearly fourteen hundred thousand. Since no census was taken until 1790, these figures are only approximately correct. Such development serves to show the trend of coming events. This remarkable increase in population soon caused numbers to go farther west. Definition! This movement resulted in collision with the French, who were at this time holding the central part of the in contempt country, from the Gulf into Canada. One other result followed.
The colonies began to seem valuable to The Fukushima England because they furnished a market for English manufactures and a carrying trade for English ships. The previous comparative insignificance of the colonies and the trouble in England had served to protect them, but their trade had now assumed a proportion that made the book mother country realize what a valuable commercial asset she would have if she regulated the colonies in her own interest. In this section we have traced the history of American colonial literature from the foundation of the Jamestown Colony until 1754. Before 1607 Chaucer, Spenser, and Shakespeare had written, and who were before 1620 the King James version of the Bible had been produced. England had, therefore, a wonderful literature before her colonies came to America. They were the heirs of all that the English race had previously accomplished; and they brought to these shores an Elizabethan initiative, ingenuity, and in contempt democratic spirit.
The Virginia colony was founded, as colonies usually are, for a commercial reason. The Virginians and practicality the other southern colonists lived more by agriculture, were more widely scattered, had fewer schools, more slaves, and less town life than the New Englanders. Under the influence of a commanding clergy, common schools, and in contempt the stimulus of town life, the New England colony produced more literature. The chief early writers of Virginia are: (1) Captain John Smith, who described the country and are included in the integumentary system the Indians, and book gave to Power literature the story of Pocahontas, thereby disclosing a new world to in contempt book the imagination of writers; (2) William Strachey, who outranks contemporary colonial writers in describing the practicality definition wrath of the sea, and who may even have furnished a suggestion to Shakespeare for The Tempest ; (3) two poets, (a) George Sandys, who translated part of Ovid, and (b) the unknown author of the in contempt elegy on Nathaniel Bacon; and (4) Robert Beverly and William Byrd, who gave interesting descriptions of early Virginia. The chief colonial writers of New England are: (1) William Bradford, whose History of Plymouth Plantation tells the story of the first Pilgrim colony; (2) John Winthrop, who wrote in his Journal the early history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; (3) the poets, including (a) the translators of the Bay Psalm Book , the first volume of so-called verse printed in the British American colonies, (b) Wigglesworth, whose Day of Doom , was a poetic exposition of Calvinistic theology, (c) Anne Bradstreet, who wrote a small amount of who were, genuine poetry, after she had passed from the influence of the fantastic school of poets; (4) Nathaniel Ward, the in contempt author of wilfred est analisi, The Simple Cobbler of Agawam , an attempt to mend human ways; (5) Samuel Sewall, New England's greatest colonial diarist; (6) Cotton Mather, the most famous clerical writer, whose Magnalia is a compound of early colonial history and biography, sometimes written in in contempt a fantastic style; (7) Jonathan Edwards, America's greatest metaphysician and theologian, who maintained that the action of the human will is determined by the strongest motive, that the substance of this universe is nothing but the divine Idea, communicated to human consciousness, and who could invest spiritual truth with the beauty of the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys. The New England colonist came to America because of religious feeling. His religion was to him a matter of eternal life or eternal death. From the modern point of achievements tang, view, this religion may seem too inflexibly stern, too little illumined by the spirit of love, too much darkened by the shadow of eternal punishment, but unless that religion had communicated something of its own dominating inflexibility to the colonist, he would never have braved the ocean, the wilderness, the Indians; he would never have flung the gauntlet down to in contempt tyranny at Lexington and Concord.
The greatest lesson taught by colonial literature, by achievements dynasty, men like Bradford, Winthrop, Edwards, and the New England clergy in general, is book moral heroism, the determination to follow the practicality shining path of the book Eternal over the wave and through the forest to structures in the integumentary system a new temple of human liberty. Their aspiration, endeavor, suffering, accomplishment, should strengthen our faith in the worth of in contempt, those spiritual realities which are not quoted in the markets of the world, but which alone possess imperishable value. In either Gardiner's Students' History of England , Walker's Essentials in English History , Andrews's History of England , or Cheney's Short History of England , read the the fenians chapters dealing with the time of Elizabeth, James I, Charles I, the Commonwealth, Charles II, James II, William and Mary, Anne, George I and II. A work like Halleck's History of English Literature covering these periods, should be read. Read the account from the earliest times to the outbreak of the in contempt book French and Indian War in any of the following: Thwaites's The Colonists , 1492-1750. Fisher's Colonial Era . Lodge's A Short History of the English Colonies in America . Doyle's The English in America . Hart's Essentials in American History . Channing's A Students' History of the United States . Eggleston's A Larger History of the United States of America . James and Sanford's American History . For an achievements dynasty account of special colonies, consult the volumes in American Commonwealths series, and also, Fiske's Beginnings of New England , The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America , Old Virginia and Her Neighbors . Tyler's A History of American Literature during the in contempt book Colonial Time , 2 vols. Otis's American Verse , 1625-1807. Richardson's American Literature , 2 vols.
Trent's A History of American Literature , 1607-1865. Power! Wendell's History of Literature in in contempt America'_. Narratives of wilfred owen est analisi, Early Virginia , edited by Tyler. Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation . New edition, edited by book, Davis. (Scribner, 1908.) Winthrop's Journal (History of New England). New edition, edited by Hosmer, 2 vols., (Scribner, 1908.) Chamberlain's Samuel Sewall and the World He Lived in . Lodge's A Puritan Pepys (Sewall) in Studies in History . Campbell's Anne Bradstreet and her Time . Bowel Essay! Twichell's John Winthrop . Walker's Thomas Hooker . Book! Wendell's Life of Cotton Mather . Wilfred Et Decorum Est Analisi! Allen's Life of Jonathan Edwards . Gardiner's Jonathan Edwards, a Retrospect . The following volumes of selections from American Literature will be referred to either by the last name of the author, or, if there are more authors than one, by book, the initials of the last names: Cairns's Selections from Early American Writers , 1607-1800. (Macmillan.) Trent and Wells's Colonial Prose and practicality definition Poetry , 3 vols., 1607-1775. (Crowell.) Stedman and Hutchinson's A Library of American Literature , 1608–1890, 11 vols. Book! (Benjamin.) Carpenter's American Prose Selections . Practicality Definition! (Macmillan.) Trent's Southern Writers: Selections in Prose and book Verse . (Macmillan.) JOHN SMITH The Beginnings of Jamestown (from A True Relation of Virginia , 1608); The Religious Observances of the Indians (from A Map of Virginia , published in 1612), Cairns, pp. 2–4, 10-14; The Romance of Pocahontas (from The General History of Virginia , 1624), S. H., Vol.
I., pp. 10–17; T. W., Vol. I., pp. Achievements Of The Dynasty! 12–22. WILLIAM STRACHEY Read the book selection from A True Repertory of the Wrack and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates , in Cairns, 19-26.
POETRY IN THE VIRGINIA COLONY. For George Sandys, see pp. 51–58 in Vol. I. of Tyler's A History of American Literature during the Colonial Time . For the Nuclear Power elegy on the death of Nathaniel Bacon, see Tyler, Vol. I., 78, 79; Cairns, 185-188; T. W., II., 166-169; S. H., I., 456-458; Trent, 12-14. DESCRIPTIONS OF VIRGINIA The best selection from in contempt book, Beverly's History and Present State of Virginia may be found in Nuclear Power Essay T. W., II., 354-360. See also Trent, 16-18; S. H., II., 270-272. For selections from Byrd's History of the Dividing Line , see Cairns, passim , 259-272; Trent, 19-22; T. W., III., 23-32; S. H., II., 302-305. WILLIAM BRADFORD The Voyage of the Mayflower, Cairns, 31-35; Early Difficulties of the Pilgrim Fathers, T. W., I., 42-45; The Communal System Abandoned, T. In Contempt! W., I., 46-49; The Landing of the Pilgrims and achievements tang dynasty their Settlement at Plymouth, S. In Contempt! H., L, 124-130.
JOHN WINTHROP Twenty-five entries from his Journal or History of New England are given in Cairns, 44-48, and fourteen in T. W., I., 99-105. His famous speech on Liberty may be found in practicality T. W., I., 106-116; in S. H., I., 302-303; and in Cairns, 50-53. EARLY NEW ENGLAND VERSE The selection given earlier from the Bay Psalm Book is sufficient. For Wigglesworth's Day of Doom , see Cairns, 166-177; T. W., II., 54-60; S. H., passim , II., 3-16. Anne Bradstreet's best poem, Contemplations , may be found in Cairns, 154-162; T. W., I., 280-283; S. H., I., 314, 315.
WARD'S SIMPLE COBBLER OF AGAWAM His view of religious toleration is given in Cairns, 113-118, and T. W., I., 253-259. For the satiric essay on women's fashions, see Cairns, 119-124; T. W., I., 260-266; S. H. I., 276-280. SAMUEL SEWALL Cairns, 240-243, gives from the Diary the events of a month. Notes on the Witchcraft Persecution and his prayer of repentance for the blame and shame of it may be found in T. W., II., 294-296. The record of his courtship of Madam Winthrop is book given in Cairns, 245-249; T. W., III., 304-319; and S. H., II., 192-200. For his early anti-slavery tract, see T. W., II., 320-326; S. H., II., 189-192. COTTON MATHER His fantastic life of Mr. Ralph Partridge from the Magnalia is given in Cairns, 228, 229. Power! The interesting story of the book New England argonaut, Sir William Phips, may be found in T. W., II., 257-266, and in S. H., II., 143-149. Are Included! One of his best biographies is that of Thomas Hooker, S. H., II., 149-156. JONATHAN EDWARDS For a specimen of an almost poetic exposition of the divine love, read the selection in Cairns, 280, 281; T. W., III., 148, 149; S. In Contempt Book! H., II., 374; and Carpenter, 16, 17, beginning, I am the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys.
Selections from his Freedom of the Will are given in Cairns. 291-294; T. W., III., 185-187; and S. H., II., 404-407 (the best). 1. Is Captain John Smith more remarkable for chronicling what passed before his senses or for explaining what he saw? How does his account of the Indians compare with modern understanding? Is Smith apparently a novice, or somewhat skilled in wilfred dulce writing prose? Does he seem to you to be a romancer or a narrator of a plain unvarnished tale? 2. Compare Strachey's storm at sea with Act I of Shakespeare's Tempest . In what part of this Act and under what circumstances does he mention the still-vex'd Bermoothes? 3. Compare the ability of the three great early colonizers, Smith, Bradford, and Winthrop, in writing narrative prose. Smith's story of Pocahontas is book easily accessible. Those who can find the complete works of Bradford and Winthrop may select from Bradford for comparison his story of Squanto, the Pilgrims' tame Indian. Winthrop's Journal contains many specimens of brief narrative, such as the story of the voyage across the Atlantic from March 29 to owen dulce est analisi June 14, 1630; of Winthrop's losing himself in the wood, October 11, 1631; of shipwreck on the Isle of Shoals, August 16, 1635; of an indentured servant, March 8, 1636; of an adventure with Indians, July 20–30, August 24, and October 8, 1636.
Those without opportunity to consult the in contempt works of Bradford and achievements Winthrop will find in in contempt the books of selections sufficient material for comparison. 4. Is brevity or prolixity a quality of these early narrators? Was English prose written before 1640 superior to what structures are included in the integumentary system the work of in contempt book, these three men? What advance in prose narrative do you find in Beverly and Byrd? 5. What characteristic of a famous English prose writer of the nineteenth century is noticeable in Ward's essay on achievements of the dynasty fashions? 6. Why could fine poetry not be reasonably expected in early Virginia and New England? What are some of the Calvinistic tenets expounded in Wigglesworth's Day of Doom ? Choose the best two short selections of colonial poetry. 7. What are some of the qualifications of a good diarist? Which of these do you find in the Diary of Samuel Sewall? 8. In Contempt! Point out some of the fantastic prose expressions of Cotton Mather. Compare his narrative of Captain Phips with the Inflammatory Bowel Disease work of Smith, Bradford, and Winthrop, on the one hand, and of Beverly and Byrd, on the other.
9. Compare the theology in in contempt book Edwards's Rose of Sharon selection with that in Wigglesworth's Day of Doom . Who Were The Fenians! Why may this selection from Edwards be called a poetic exposition of the divine love? What is his view of the freedom of the will?