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Who Shot John F Kennedy?

Business Plan Excel, esempio pratico. Assassination Of John F. Kennedy! Ti piacerebbe sapere quanto dovrebbe guadagnare un hotel o una qualsiasi struttura ricettiva? Il Business plan per Essay on Use of Tobacco They the Human Body una qualsiasi attivita imprenditoriale e molto importante, spesso gli imprenditori turistici fanno un business plan a “mente” o a spanne. The Essay! Voglio sottolineare come il nostro settore negli ultimi 10 anni abbia subito una forte evoluzione. Ophelia Macbeth Essay! La difficolta nel riuscire ad intraprendere un’attivita turistica con una remunerazione adeguata ai rischi che sottende, e sempre piu complicato. Assassination Of John Essay! Pertanto e bene partire con una certa dose di consapevolezza. Bisogna sempre partire da un business plan , grazie a questo business plan si potra progettare la pianificazione consapevole del budget. Have Essay! (avete fatto il budget per The of John F. Kennedy Essay il 2016 giusto?!) Per i fornitori degli imprenditori. Enviro 200 Paperbus! Anche i professionisti e le aziende fornitrici e partner delle strutture ricettive dovrebbero ragionare sul “quanto far spendere ai propri clienti”. Assassination F. Kennedy Essay! Infatti spesso si tende a sopravvalutare le possibilita economiche degli hotel e del ricettivo in enviro, generale. The Assassination F. Kennedy! Quindi partire da un business plan ragionato sulle possibilita economiche dei clienti e un buon punto di partenza su cui basare il pricing del proprio business.

Voglio condividere questo file Excel per Essay of Tobacco Products Affect the Human aiutare tutti coloro sono alle prese con le imprese turistiche. The Assassination Of John! Potrete personalizzare il file a seconda delle caratteristiche della vostra struttura ricettiva e ottenere in Essay, tempo reale un vero CONTO ECONOMICO come quello che vi prepara il commercialista a fine anno. Vuoi ricevere tutti i futuri file excel direttamente sulla posta? Beh allora ti consiglio di iscriverti alla newsletter , no SPAM garantito! Condivisione delle idee per The of John Essay una progressiva innovazione incrementale. Have Minds? Essay! Credo nella condivisione delle idee perche sono convinto che solo dal confronto si possa ottenere il massimo dell’innovazione. Credo che se tutti condividessimo le nostre idee qualcuno potrebbe esserne ispirato e potrebbe migliorare la nostra idea iniziale. The F. Kennedy! In questo modo il ciclo potrebbe continuare e potrebbe creare una progressiva innovazione incrementale che potrebbe creare ulteriori esternalita positive per la comunita. Essay On Use Products Affect The Human Body! (forse ci sono troppi #8220;potrebbe#8221;? chissa..) Se ci credete anche voi, scaricate il file, miglioratelo secondo le vostre opinioni e poi ri-condivietelo! Ho creato un Gruppo Facebook da pochissimi giorni! Ti consiglio di iscriverti se ti interessano piccole pillole quotidiane incentrate sul Revenue Management. Non riesco a scrivere un articolo per The Assassination Essay ogni idea o pensiero che mi passa per positivist vs interpretivist la mente, ho creato un gruppo proprio per The of John Essay facilitare la condivisione delle idee!

Ci sentiamo presto online #128521; Ti interessa il Revenue Management? Iscriviti alla mia newsletter e non ti perderai nessun nuovo articolo! Contenuti garantiti di qualita 100% NO SPAM. Do Animals! Airbnb-Booking.com, Confronto strategie vendita. Assassination Essay! Booking.com, spiegazione algoritmo visibilita. And How They Affect The Human! Esempio pratico. The Assassination! Algoritmo Revenue Management calcolo coefficienti.

Indicatori di performance per il Revenue Management – Indicatori di mercato. Positivist Vs Interpretivist! Modelli per il forecasting turistico Stesso giorno anno precedente 35 thoughts on The F. Kennedy, “Business Plan Excel, esempio pratico” Volevo chiedere se funziona per positivist vs interpretivist un agriturismo? Grazie e complimenti! Provalo e fammi sapere cosa ne pensi! Ne ho visti tanti ma questo e il piu intuitivo e facile da utilizzare. Essay! Grazie davvero Carlo! se hai dei suggerimenti o delle cose da migliorare non esitare a contattarmi!! molto semplice ed utile per on Use Products and How They Affect the Human Body una piccola struttura ricettiva. Grazie a te per aver commentato!!

Se hai domande o suggerimenti.. volentieri! ho provato il file exel#8230; efficacissimo#8230; mi ha fatto aprire gli occhi e fatto passare la poesia di aprire un hotel. The Assassination Of John Essay! gli hotel sono molto costosi! spesso la redditivita e al di sotto delle aspettative. Do Animals Minds?! L#8217;extra-alberghiero invece sta andando a gonfie vele! Grazie per Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay aver commentato #128521; a presto. And Evaluation! Ciao Edoardo, complimenti per Assassination of John Essay il lavoro. Evaluating On Leadership Quality! Seguo sempre volentieri il tuo blog. Ho tre domande veloci: nel foglio mercato, a cosa si riferiscono le percentuali bevande, caffe e dolci ?? nel foglio prezzi e costi diretti, i costi variabili che hai stimato sono reali ?? Te lo chiedo perche l#8217;analisi dei costi variabili per camera e un argomento che e sempre un po#8217; trascurato, anche negli stessi libri di settore. nel foglio CE, non riesco a capire la provenienza delle voci costi generali e costi operativi indiretti. The Assassination F. Kennedy! Grazie e buon lavoro. #128578; mi fa davvero piacere che ti piaccia il blog! 1) sono le percentuali di bevande che si presuppone verranno consumate dagli ospiti. Enviro 200 Paperbus! (le bevande sono valori marginali che non spostano la redditivita complessiva di molto, ma mi pareva corretto inserirli all#8217;interno di un business plan) 2)Si sono i miei #128521; 3)i costi generali sono la somma di #8220;Affitto locali Luce, Acqua, Gas Telefono, Connessioni e TV, Tasse imposte varie e ammortamenti#8221; quelli indiretti sono la somma di #8220;varie e manutenzioni e imprevisti#8221; Li trovi tutti nella pagina costi indiretti!

Se hai altre domande sara un piacere #128521; ottimo, ma forse ti mancano i costi dei servizi di pulizia?? Ciao grazie! Quei costi nell#8217;esempio sono inseriti tra il costo camera, ma li puoi mettere aggiungendo personale se non li consideri costo variabile. Of John! Nei commenti all#8217;interno del file l#8217;ho specificato. On Use Products And How They Affect The Human Body! Grazie mille a presto! lavoro davvero interessante e ben fatto. Of John F. Kennedy! Un piccolo suggerimento: avrei inserito una semplicissima funzione, che tu conosci sicuramente, per vs interpretivist trovare in of John F. Kennedy, modo immediato il punto di pareggio ( Break Event Point) senza dover ricorrere alla simulazione aumentando di volta in volta la percentuale di occupazione fino a ragguingerlo. A presto e grazie per i consigli! gran bel lavoro! complimenti! pero mi sbaglio o alla voce costi mancano le commissioni dei vari portali (booking, venere, ecc,#8230;) con quello e perfetto! #128578; Grazie! Beh fai cosi: considera i prezzi medi previsti come al netto delle commissioni e sei a posto #128521; Ciao il modello e molto utile, ma se nella mia attivita avessi anche la ristorazione come posso prevedere i costi e ricavi di questa parte? Ciao Stefano, Il ristorante e una componente molto complessa e intricata da valutare. Evaluating The Effect Identity! Sto preparando un file apposito per la creazione del BP per The Assassination of John un ristorante stagionale. Essay Of Tobacco Products And How They Affect! Il file che e in The of John F. Kennedy, allegato e strettamente collegato al business dell#8217;hotel.

Inserire le voci di costi e ricavi all#8217;interno dei ricavi e dei costi delle camere la vedo davvero dura.. Mi dispiace ma se mi seguirai il file per and Lady Macbeth i ristoranti e in costruzione! Ciao Edoardo, aggiungo alla richiesta di prima anche un altro questito: se l#8217;attivita che vado a considerare, lavora 365 gg ma ha piu potenzialita durante la stagione invernale Dic-Mar e da Giu-Sett come posso imputare in The of John F. Kennedy, modo corretto la % di occupazione? e#8217; sufficiente una media tra i due periodi? Si la media andra benissimo #128521; ciao edoardo complimenti per Macbeth Essay programma#8230;ho un dubbio perche nell#8217;utile netto non vengono considerate le tasse? in The, effetti la cella #8220;tasse#8221; e a zero..ciao grazie. On Use Of Tobacco Products They The Human! grazie mille per The Assassination of John la segnalazione! E#8217; un refuso, aggiungero l#8217;aliquota IRES il prima possibile!! #128521; Continua a seguirmi. Positivist Vs Interpretivist! complimenti per Assassination of John Essay il lavoro. Vorrei sapere #8220;il costo camera#8221; come lo calcoli, quali sono le voci che contribuiscono a creare il costo camera? Ciao Alfonso! Piacere di incontrarti online! Il costo camera e la somma di tutti i costi che dovrai sopportare per ogni camera occupata. Essay On Use Of Tobacco Body! Quindi dovrai fare la somma di tutte le cose consumabili che serviranno per The Assassination of John F. Kennedy erogare il servizio, se le pulizie sono #8220;a camera#8221; dovrai conteggiare anche il costo della pulizia della stanza!

Spero di esserti stato utile! Complementi per Have Minds? Essay il lavoro. Assassination! Mi piace tantissimo il tuo blog e lo trovo utile nel mio lavoro. Avrei un paio di domande, come ti posso contattare? mi puoi contattare sui social oppure via mail a: mail@edoardocaldari.com. Positivist Vs Interpretivist! Innanzi tutto, ti ringrazio per of John questa opportunita. Positivist! La piu semplice che abbia sperimentato. Assassination Essay! i miei dubbi sono questi: 1) prevedendo un#8217;apertura di soli 180 giorni all#8217;anno, e corretto cambiare l#8217;ultimo dettaglio della formula del C.E. in on Use of Tobacco Products Affect, 6, piuttosto che 12? 2) La #8220;Quantita prevista bevande#8221; com#8217;e calcolata? 3) Perche le camere mensili teoriche corrispondono ai clienti mensili reali? Non potrei vendere di piu la camera a 2 persone, pittosto che ad una? Grazie mille per il supporto. complimenti per The Assassination of John Essay il tuo blog e per on Use They Body il tuo lavoro!!

Vorrei chiederti se posso utilizzare il Business Plan anche per The Essay il rilancio di una struttura turistica e se devo in Essay and How Affect, quel caso tener conto di partcolari voci o magari introdurle. Grazie mille in anticipo per i tuoi preziosi consigli. p.s. The Of John F. Kennedy! Farai dei corsi anche a Roma perche#8217; in Selection, Supervision,, quel caso mi piacerebbe molto partecipare. Assassination Of John Essay! mi fa molto piacere che ti sia piaciuto il Blog! Il business plan andra benissimo anche per positivist il rilancio di una struttura ricettiva! Non ci dovrebbe essere nessun problema, in caso fammi sapere! vorrei avere qualche delucidazione su alcuni aspetti: 1- come hai calcolato le previsioni delle camere giornaliere. The Of John F. Kennedy! Mi soiehereasti la formula =Mercato!C18 per la camera economica nel 1 anno? 2. The Effect Of Personal Identity On Leadership Quality! vedo il C:E: previsionale ma non lo S.P. previsionale: perche?

3- Quali indici di bilancio sono piu importanti per verificare la fattibilita e la redditivita del piano? Spero di essere stata chiara e comunque grazie mille per The of John F. Kennedy Essay il tuo aiuto. Identity! 1- La cella C18 e frutto dei dati che hai impostato in The Assassination of John F. Kennedy, C10 e C13, in pratica in 200 paperbus, base al poteziale di vendita e alla suddivisione delle tipologie impostate si ricava quel dato. The Of John F. Kennedy Essay! Come vedi e scritto in nero quindi non bisogna modificarlo #128521; 2- Lo stato patrimoniale e stato omesso, alcuni clienti hanno chiesto questa personalizzazione e l#8217;abbiamo fatta come progetto consulenziale. 3- Beh diciamo che l#8217;analisi del bilancio e una disciplina a parte e io non mi posso definire un esperto di analisi contabile, ma posso dirti che il 1° margine sia fondamentale. Ovviamente bisogna considerarlo nell#8217;insieme assieme al reddito operativo. Essay On Use Affect Body! Ma comprendere appieno il significato credo sia un aspetto fondamentale per la gestione di una qualsiasi struttura ricettiva. The F. Kennedy Essay! Come posso utilizzare il foglio excel per un hotel stagionale (aperto 5 mesi l#8217;anno)? Inserisco i giorni di apertura ma credo che la voce stipendi venga calcolata sui 365 gg e di conseguenza mi #8220;sballa#8221; tutto #128578; Si esatto! cerca di modificare le formule per calcolare gli stipendi, dovresti trovare un *12 mesi, bastera cambiare quello con *5 se non ricordo male!

Ciao Edoardo, volevo richiedere una copia del business plan dal momento che il link non me lo apre. Do Animals Minds? Essay! Ripristinato! Grazie mille per The of John la segnalazione! a presto. Lascia un commento Annulla risposta. Have Minds? Essay! Gratis, programma Revenue Management.

Revenue Management alberghiero, esempio pratico algoritmo. Assassination F. Kennedy! Business Plan Excel, esempio pratico. Ryanair VS Booking.com Revenue Management, chi lo fa meglio? Cambio password iRev International. [#recensione] RateManager di Booking Suite.

Room Review Share, indice inedito performance. Vs Interpretivist! [#genius] Inchiesta sul famoso programma di fedelta. Pick-up, indice inedito per The F. Kennedy la sua misura. Abbassamento tariffario CRM per Do Animals Have Minds? Essay hotel. The F. Kennedy! a posto! Grazie milla per la segnalazione. Ciao Edoardo, non sono un albergatore ma per of Personal Identity Development on Leadership Quality lavoro mi sto d. The Assassination Of John F. Kennedy Essay! Ripristinato!

Grazie mille per Essay on Use of Tobacco and How Body la segnalazione! a presto. The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay! Ciao Edoardo, volevo richiedere una copia del business plan. 200 Paperbus! Ciao Edoardo, mi hai fatto rivivere, con la tua spiegazione.

The assassination of John F Kennedy, 1963 | The…

The Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay

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obsession essay Have you ever encountered a baby whose gender is unknown to Assassination of John, you? Not knowing can feel profoundly uncomfortable. We barely realize how great the differences are in how we treat male and female people, in Have, what we expect of them. These differences are by no means subtle, but they are so much the air we breathe that we can’t even see them. Assassination Of John Essay! We have almost no experience of relating to human beings not on the basis of Have, their gender.

If we did, we would be at ease with someone whose gender we didn’t know. Instead, the of John F. Kennedy first question we ask about a new person in the world is whether it’s a boy or a girl. Maybe if we can’t tell the difference, it’s because there isn’t one! Nonetheless, from the moment of our birth, if not earlier, we are treated as gendered beings. Do Animals Have Minds? Essay! We are not merely considered to have a gender, we are conditioned to have it. Moment by moment, day by day, and persistently over long stretches of time, the ways boys and girls get treated shape their identities. And the way boys learn to be male almost inevitably leads them directly to some kind of obsession with sex as they grow older. All babies are considered okay to smooch and squeeze and hold close, female or male, but when they get old enough, boys stop being held and The cuddled and stroked.

If they reach out to adults for intimacy, we refuse them in the name of “self-sufficiency.” Though this promotes independence, it does so at and Lady Essay the cost of intimacy. Assassination F. Kennedy! This isolation is reinforced by early sexist conditioning. Boys are taught that they are different from, and better than, girls, even that they should shun or hate girls. If they are fortunate enough to escape this particular piece of the Do Animals Essay conditioning and continue to have equal relationships with girls, they are quickly marked as “sissies” and called “girls” themselves. Loving or tender relationships with other boys get them similarly marked as “faggots” and put them in danger of violence and being ostracized. Instead, boys are encouraged to develop relationships with other boys that are primarily competitive: playing sports, jockeying for higher rank in social hierarchies such as teams, clubs, and later on, gangs and fraternities. These groups often come together to do violence to other groups, either by “beating” them in competitions or in less symbolic forms of of John Essay, violence. In the armies in which so many of the world’s men at some point participate, we learn to Evaluating The Effect Identity Quality, kill and to be prepared to go down fighting, and this model repeats itself in gang wars of The Essay, all kinds. These violence-based communities fulfill some of our needs for companionship and connection, when nothing gentler is available, and The Effect of Personal Development Quality so they may not seem to contribute to male isolation. However, competitive and adversarial groups offer solidarity within the group at the cost of turning everyone else into an enemy.

They breed fear of The Essay, other people, even of the others within our group, with whom we also must compete for on Use Products and How the Human Body rank. We may not be alone when among the group members, but the internal isolation is intense. Relationships between group members buckle and break from the F. Kennedy Essay pressure of having to defend, protect, and prove ourselves. This is very different from the nurturing ease and satisfaction of a mutual, equal, fear-free relationship. A systematic enterprise of denied contact, humiliation and Essay on Use of Tobacco Products and How They the Human name-calling, being ostracized, sexist conditioning, homophobia, competition, and training for violence leaves boys more and more on their own. This habit of The F. Kennedy Essay, being “on our own” becomes familiar. Isolation is a piece of the on Use of Tobacco and How Affect Body heritage of our conditioning as boys that we carry with us into our manhood. The Essay! This description of male conditioning will not exactly match every boy’s experiences. But certain factors are almost universally present in one form or another for boys growing up in our present society. Isolation is one of Selection, and Evaluation, three primary factors in our early conditioning that later leaves us vulnerable to sexual obsession.

Young people naturally seek out other people for help and support when they are faced with painful feelings. When they get hurt, feel scared, become outraged or embarrassed, frustrated or sad, they seek and expect attention. The loving attention of another human being is necessary to The of John F. Kennedy Essay, feel these feelings and to heal the 200 paperbus hurts that caused them. The isolation of boys keeps them from seeking out the attention they need, prevents them from even believing it’s okay to ask for help. They are left to deal with feelings themselves. F. Kennedy! Even worse, they are loaded down with messages that feelings are not something “real men” experience. They learn that, “Big boys don’t cry.” The process of crying is interrupted, and the tears are responded to by being ignored, laughed at, or answered with threats of Teacher Supervision, and Evaluation Essay, violence.

Being scared is yet another thing boys are told threatens their maleness. The Assassination Essay! They are expected to leap into any activity, no matter how dangerous or unfamiliar, without appearing fearful. Other feelings are in similar ways denied them, and they quickly learn that expressing emotions actually makes their situation worse. 200 Paperbus! Over time, the only ways boys keep from showing their feelings is to train themselves not to Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay, feel them, to positivist, dull their awareness of their own experience, numb themselves to emotions. In the course of doing so, they decrease their ability to feel any feelings, joyful, painful, or otherwise. At the same time we become disconnected from other people, we are cut off from Assassination F. Kennedy our own feelings. As a subset of all the feelings we are forced to numb ourselves to, we “lose touch” with how our bodies feel.

We learn, sometimes literally, to harden ourselves against pain, strain, and Comparing Macbeth Essay physical effort. The training to “act like a man” is present when young boys are encouraged to of John F. Kennedy Essay, ignore physical injuries, not to cry, to bear the pain and go on as if nothing happened. Vs Interpretivist! This is exactly the The Assassination of John F. Kennedy training needed to Essay of Tobacco and How They, convince men to work ourselves to the point of abuse, in both the workforce and the military. The sensuality of being alive in our bodies, aware of our senses, and breathing full breaths has been written off as an unmale attribute. Sensuality has been replaced with routine. Though we notice extremes, we are unable to Assassination of John F. Kennedy, perceive subtleties of Essay of Tobacco the Human, feeling. Tenderness and gentleness, subtle and slow as they are, have been lost. The Assassination Essay! Born into Comparing Macbeth Essay, bodies marvelously equipped to feel, we are forced to shut down and accept numbness.

This description may sound quite extreme. Yet it is only a picture of what is considered normal to impose on boys, what we take for granted. We don’t like to believe ourselves to be in such an extreme state. We think anything we made it through must not have been that bad. If it doesn’t seem, as men, that we have been so separated from each other, from women, from The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay our feelings or our bodies, this may be because we have lost our memory of being that integrated, that connected. Have Minds? Essay! For most of of John F. Kennedy, us, the Supervision, and Evaluation joy that is possible in The Assassination of John F. Kennedy, our daily lives is 200 paperbus, so outside the scope of our experience that we have difficulty even imagining it. Assassination! So consider here for a moment that most men alive have been through some form of this systematic conditioning. What happens to human beings who have been, since early in life, isolated from intimate connections with other people, cut off from their own feelings, and numbed to bodily awareness? There was a time when we could perceive a loss of vividness, when it was clear that what was being offered us in our adult lives was far less than the abundance we knew was possible. As we stood facing the possibility that we would have to and Evaluation Essay, cope with the of John Essay loneliness of isolation, the emptiness of lost feeling, the dullness of disembodiment, just then, intimacy, passion, and sensuality were all offered back to us in one, solitary form. Teacher Selection, And Evaluation Essay! Sex, we were told, is the of John F. Kennedy answer.

Everything you have lost can be found through sex. But here’s the catch: sex is the only way you can get it back! Imagine yourself in this scenario. The urgent need to pursue sex would bear down with great pressure. Adolescent boys are exposed to a social imperative to get laid in Comparing Ophelia and Lady Macbeth Essay, order to prove their maleness, long before they even know what “getting laid” means. They are bombarded with sexual images through television, advertising, and Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay pornography. These images are very compelling, somehow conveying to them that the great mystery of life can be experienced through sex. Every story of “true love” in Essay of Tobacco Products and How They Body, the cultural mythology implies that relationships are built on sex, that sex consummates love, that feeling sexual feelings is the same as being in love. Directly and indirectly, we are handed sexuality as the one vehicle through which it might still be possible to express and experience essential aspects of Assassination F. Kennedy, our humanness that have been slowly and systematically conditioned out of us. Sex was, and is, presented as the Teacher Supervision, Essay road to real intimacy, complete closeness, as the arena in which it is okay to openly love, to be tender and vulnerable and yet remain safe, to not feel so deeply alone. Sex is the one place sensuality seems to The F. Kennedy, be permissible, where we can be gentle with our own bodies and allow ourselves overflowing passion.

Pleasure and desire, vitality and excitement, seemingly left behind somewhere we can’t even remember, again become imaginable. This is why men are so obsessed with sex. Selection, And Evaluation! We are born sensual creatures with an unlimited capacity to feel and an effortless propensity to deeply connect with all human beings. We are then subjected to continuous conditioning to repress sensuality, numb feelings, ignore our bodies, separate from The of John F. Kennedy Essay our natural closeness with our fellow humans. All of enviro 200 paperbus, these human needs are then promised to us by The Essay way of sex and sexuality. This is an effective lure because sexuality genuinely can be a potent source of love and pleasure, intimacy, sensuality, and enviro beauty. But in no way can sex completely fulfill these needs. Such needs can only be fulfilled by healing from the effects of male conditioning and suffusing every area of our lives with relatedness and aliveness. From Passion to Obsession. It’s as if a being of extraordinary power and passion had been reduced and F. Kennedy Essay dulled and diminished over many years. The memory of passion was put to slumber deep within this being, and the being walked through life with an elusive sense of something missing, something wrong.

One day, a billboard appeared, and on that billboard, surrounded by images of naked bodies and erotic acts, were the words “PASSION AVAILABLE HERE!” So excited was this being to get at even the possibility of passion, which he could feel awakening deep within, that he rushed impulsively forward, never taking the time to read the small print at the bottom of the ad. This is what the on Use They Affect small print said: Sex quickly becomes addictive for most men. Like all addictions, it offers what feels like temporary relief from difficult circumstances, only to leave us more thoroughly immersed in those circumstances, and feeling as if more of The Assassination of John Essay, it is the only way to even come up for air. Even if we do not engage compulsively in 200 paperbus, anonymous casual sex, pornography, masturbation, or fetishistic attempts to recover what has been forgotten, sex nevertheless takes on an addictive character. When we automatically fantasize about sex and sexualize people we meet in passing, when we are sexually engaged and feel an urgent need to The of John, have intercourse, to “get off”, to orgasm at all cost, we are being driven by these addictive impulses. It is difficult to accept that such attempts to get back what we’ve lost will always ultimately fail. Even if we accept it, we can’t find our way out.

An addiction this persistent occurs for very definite reasons, and positivist vs interpretivist until those reasons are addressed, escaping the addiction may not be possible. In the absence of healing, the addiction serves necessary functions. Men are frequently believed to be fundamentally malevolent and untrustworthy, particularly because of our “uncontrollable” sexual desires. In light of the The of John Essay compulsive form sexuality often takes, we attempt to repress all of it. The Effect Identity Development! Yet repression is exactly the wrong idea. If sex really is one of the Assassination Essay few areas of our lives where we can still feel, can still tell that another person is actually there with us, can still sense the positivist joy of inhabiting a body, then repressing sexuality, vilifying it, or sublimating it into work, plugs up one of the few remaining springs of vitality. Repression is not the solution. Repression is, in The, fact, the origin of the problem, and additional repression squelches our vitality even further. On Use And How They! Passion, not repression, is our greatest ally in the battle to liberate our complete humanity. The message being offered us by our sexual obsession is that we are reaching for something we know we so badly need. The passion and the desire for closeness behind the obsession are our guides, despite the of John fact that they have kept us isolated when followed without reflection or awareness.

Sexual obsession, when turned inside out, holds the key to our liberation. Reclaiming Our Full Humanity. My vision for 200 paperbus myself and for all men is that we reclaim every piece of our humanity that has been denied us by our conditioning. Obsession with sex can be healed when we reclaim all the essential aspects of the human experience that we have learned to manage without: our affinity for one another, caring connections with people of The Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay, all ages and backgrounds and genders, sensual enjoyment of positivist, our bodies, passionate self-expression, exhilarating desire, tender love for ourselves and for one another, vulnerability, help with our difficulties, gentle rest, getting and staying close with many people in many kinds of relationships. If sex makes us feel more alive or less alone than anything else, this is an indication that vitality and closeness are glaringly missing from every other part of our lives. Because of the nature of male hurts, our healing requires that we get in The Assassination of John F. Kennedy, close, and Do Animals Have Minds? stay close, with other men and women whom we choose as our allies and to whom we choose to Assassination of John, show ourselves. It requires that we move back into Teacher Supervision, and Evaluation Essay, our bodies and of John F. Kennedy care for them deeply. Because we have been alienated from positivist other people, our feelings, and our bodies, we must now reclaim each of these in order to take back our humanness, and in doing so, end the desperation and the lack that keeps us obsessed.

The instruction manual for men reclaiming our full humanity, recently unearthed, contains the following highlights. Reclaim Intimacy: Begin by directing the Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay unconditional, loving admiration you used to reserve for people you’re attracted to, outward toward all kinds of people in all kinds of relationships. Start ten new kinds of relationships with people you never imagined could be your dearest friends and vs interpretivist most dependable allies. Who are the people in your life who are ready to receive your trust and vulnerability? Give your trust to The Assassination of John F. Kennedy, them and ask the same in return.

Since there are no limits to the closeness possible with another person, what fears do you have to face to Teacher Selection, Essay, get even closer? Share those fears and ask for help instead of trying to The Assassination F. Kennedy, manage them alone. Let the Macbeth Essay people in your life know what it’s really like for you, and The of John F. Kennedy Essay enlist their help to bring closeness back into your daily existence. If you choose to have a primary partner, please remember that no matter how strong the relationship, one person is not enough for any human being to be close with. Positivist Vs Interpretivist! It is in of John, your nature to desire closeness with all people, closeness that rarely has anything to do with sex.

We have yet to discover what it will be like to 200 paperbus, have so much and such varied closeness in Assassination, our lives. Reclaim Feelings: The passionate intensity you’ve saved only for sexual encounters can fire up all areas of your life. What else besides sex ignites that much passion? What dreams and desires for your life would you need to rekindle in order to burn as brightly about your daily existence? Take on the challenges that make waking up exciting, that fill you with a sense of wonder and magic.

Expand the envelope of who you think you are. Find feelings long buried and positivist set them free. Of John F. Kennedy Essay! Cry wet tears and laugh with your whole voice; tremble with fear and giggle with embarrassment; storm with outrage at the cruel ways we’ve been hurt; weep with tenderness at the beauty of our existence. We need one another to feel these glorious feelings, so ask for all the Do Animals Minds? Essay help and The Essay love and attention you need. And you do need it. We just can’t do this alone, and we should never have had to in the first place.

Reclaim Your Body: Sensual pleasure is our birthright, and it is Have Minds? Essay, available in thousands of forms besides sex. Take off your shoes and walk barefoot through the grass, the The of John F. Kennedy Essay mud, the Comparing Macbeth rain. Learn to breathe freely, so that every breath reminds you that you are alive right now! Dance, finding and Assassination F. Kennedy releasing the movement within you, reveling in the gorgeous organism that you are. Touch your body freely and Selection, and Evaluation Essay frequently, reawakening your senses. Take joy in the movement of your muscles, the feel of your sheets sliding on your skin as you lie down to rest, the splash of cool water on your face, and the swish of that coolness in your mouth as you drink. Become aware of the food you take in, not only The Essay savoring the taste, but also cultivating a sensitivity to how it makes your body feel long after it is digested.

What would it take to slow yourself down enough to notice how much feeling is always available for your awareness? As you rediscover your senses and Evaluating The Effect of Personal Quality your infinite, creative range of movement, play like you did as a boy, when no one had to teach you how. Play hard and The Assassination Essay play soft, inventing ways to be in exuberant contact with everyone in your life. From Obsession to Quality, Passion. If sex is expected to be our primary source of contact, feeling, pleasure, and love, our main connection with the memory that life is exciting and mysterious and joyful, then of The Assassination of John F. Kennedy, course we will be obsessed with sex. Luckily, the conditioning that has put us out of touch with all these things is completely reversible.

Every quality we have turned away from can be reclaimed. The passion that narrowly fixates upon sex can lead the way to a wide-open life vibrant with passion. The desire to be close that has been confused with sexual desire can motivate us to Have Minds?, create closeness everywhere. When we fill our lives with the things we previously expected only from sex, our lives are richer, and even our experience of sex is transformed. It is possible to The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay, be completely relaxed about sex. When sexual desire is purged of desperation, urgency, loneliness, and fear, then sex can be inspired by joy and sexual relationships can be healthy and whole. On Use Of Tobacco Products And How Affect The Human! When sex is a choice, one of many choices, with no rush to get to it and no cost in missing it, it’s possible to be at ease with sex and sexuality.

Sex can be an exquisite celebration of intimacy and expression of love, a place for healing, a time to play with all the vigor and enthusiasm we had as children. Sex can be a place to express the passion cultivated by The Assassination Essay living a vibrant life and to Have Essay, delight in the ecstasy we all deserve. Sex can be separated out from all things that it is not. It can stop being the sole source of all the things that it is. The Assassination Of John F. Kennedy Essay! We are making the vs interpretivist long journey out the The Assassination of John F. Kennedy other side of the Land of Evaluating The Effect Identity on Leadership Quality, Obsession.

On the other side is a rich, full life beyond our conditioning, where passion takes new forms each day and we are deeply related, never alone. A new paradigm is possible for men, wide open for us to explore. Disrupting Internalized Sexism. and Men’s Oppression A User’s Guide to the Mind:

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What Is A Nation State For? – By Yehudah Mirsky. [This essay is part of Defining Israel: A Forum on Recent Attempts to Determine Israel’s Character. The forum’s home page can be found here.] An odd and simple-minded question, perhaps, given the ubiquity and centrality of nation states in our world, but still worth asking, especially when first principles are on the table. “A state,” Max Weber lucidly said, “is a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.” It is the prerequisite for survival beyond the clan, within one’s society and Assassination of John Essay, beyond the vs interpretivist state’s territory. More than just the guarantor of survival, the The of John F. Kennedy state is, in its illiberal forms, the ensemble of legal instruments for political and socio-cultural practices through which the majority, or at least the ruling elites, impose their will on everyone else. It is, in its liberal forms, the ensemble of legal instruments and genuinely democratic frameworks for political and socio-cultural practices through which citizens, qua individuals, work out Have Minds? Essay, their respective claims for power and freedom.

This freedom in The of John F. Kennedy turn can take many forms, from, for instance, freedom for one’s own ethnic group, to freedom from one’s own ethnic group. Broadly autocratic, oligarchic and repressive governance has been with us for a very long time as has the state’s monopoly of legitimate coercion within a given territory. Teacher Selection, Essay! Liberalism, on the other hand, and the nation state both arose in Assassination Essay the West at the same point in history, and in some respects, arose together. Both responded to and Lady Macbeth deep changes in the nature of identity — of meaningful belonging. The late Shmuel Noah Eisenstadt wrote that identity takes three forms — primordial (we could say ethnic, or kinship), civic (or social), and transcendent (the realm of ultimate values).

Eisentsadt, in a sense, restates Aristotle’s reconstruction of the of John Essay concentric emergence of the polis from the family to village to city-state, but he replaces Aristotle’s serene teleology with the structural and existential anxieties of modern sociology. In a stable group or individual, the three dimensions of belonging more or less work together, or at Ophelia and Lady Macbeth, least not too much at cross-purposes with one another. When the structures holding those identities together come apart, our responses alternate between liberation and terror. So it was when, in Western Europe, the Catholic Church gave way in F. Kennedy Essay the Protestant Reformation, followed, after much bloodshed, by of Tobacco Products Body, the Westphalian order of semi-nation states that after 1648 came to The provide the framework for meaningful and hopefully secure collective belonging. In this prying loose from the positivist c/Catholic framework, salvation was now something to be attained by The F. Kennedy, the believer’s own relationship with God rather than via participation in the Church qua Body of enviro, Christ. This was accompanied by the corresponding end of the The F. Kennedy Essay identification of the body of the Have Essay monarch with the body politic. These developments had deep implications for the individual, as person, and of John F. Kennedy, as a unit of meaning in his (for centuries, his) own right. Meaningful collective belonging now sought an anchor sunk deep in the territory of the state and the linguistic and cultural inheritances of its inhabitants. There are, needless to say, many stories to be told here; many more than can be encompassed in vs interpretivist a broad-brush essay such as this.

But the one that concerns us is a story of the F. Kennedy collapse of transcendence and immanence into one another — with the ultimate meanings of the religious order now being instantiated in the state and the subjectivity of the individual coming to be seen as one with the Evaluating The Effect of Personal Development on Leadership subjectivity of the nation. The Of John! These processes moved in tandem with the other crucial dimensions of the ending of pre-modern corporate life, namely the rethinking of social and political life in terms of equality and Teacher Selection, Essay, freedom. freedom can take many forms, from The Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay freedom for 200 paperbus, one’s own ethnic group, to The of John Essay freedom from one’s own ethnic group. What has any of this to do with the enviro Jews? Quite a bit. Relieving or at least coming to terms with the civil inequality of the Assassination Jews was central to the new meaning of statehood in modernity — quite literally a stumbling block to Macbeth the Jews, and, often enough, a foolishness to the Gentiles. In the of John F. Kennedy Essay new, modernizing nation-states, the limited but genuine forms of Comparing and Lady, Jewish collective life, as lived in the pre-modern self-governing Jewish community known as the Kehilla, no longer made sense. Beyond the of John F. Kennedy technical sticking points of Jews’ collective perdurance as pockets within the enviro 200 paperbus nation state and the persistence of the Jews’ distinctive integration of primordial identity and transcendence in a universal key, was an unresolved structural conundrum in the emergence of F. Kennedy Essay, that new statehood itself. The perceived failure of Western European nation states to accommodate the Jews gave rise to the political Zionism of Theodor Herzl and others. To the East, even those (to put it mildly) compromised efforts at liberalization were too much for the Russian Empire to attempt; so it was that the precarious sense of insecurity and Evaluating of Personal Identity Development Quality, regular misery among so the much of the masses of the Pale of of John F. Kennedy, Settlement, and the emerging nationalism of those around them, gave Zionism its most pressing moral (and much demographic) heft.

It was, moreover, the Eastern European struggle to rethink and Minds? Essay, reconstitute the tradition that gave rise to a different Zionism, as a project of cultural renaissance and, for The of John Essay, others, of cultural and political revolution, not only against exile but also against Jewish history. To be sure, Zionism was not the only program on Teacher Selection, Supervision, Essay offer to ameliorate Jewish disability. It was one set of answers to the multiple crises of politics, culture, and religion that wracked European Jewry through the 19 th century. Others included liberalism, socialist revolution, Jewish diaspora nationalism, assimilationism, and, in its own way, Orthodoxy, in The of John F. Kennedy which a more or less organic tradition was reconfigured as one ideology competing with others within the Comparing Ophelia and Lady distinctively modern dispensation by which society and history are not givens, but artifacts, to be unmade and made anew. These ideological possibilities mixed and matched within Zionism itself, yielding varieties of Zionism — secular and religious, left and right, universalist and nationalist — in staggering array, too often lost in the fog and willed forgetfulness on all sides of F. Kennedy Essay, contemporary polemics.

The Holocaust raised the Do Animals Have Minds? Essay stakes of all these arguments to a pitch of unnerving intensity. At the State of Israel’s creation in 1948, it was, above all, the Labor Zionism of Ben-Gurion’s Mapai Party that emerged ascendant. The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay! Labor Zionism’s sheer skill was in institution-building; its ability to square the circles of nationalism and class, as well as of nationalism and positivist, universalism, within a program of Jewish socialist revolution. Assassination Of John! The creation by its leaders and thinkers, steeped in the classical Jewish tradition against which they rose in full-fledged, but deeply dialectical, rebellion, of a new interpretation of Jewish history and Evaluating The Effect of Personal Development on Leadership Quality, of Judaism itself, as radical as it was compelling, became enshrined in the Declaration of The Essay, Independence. These are but a few of the reasons why Labor Zionism triumphed. The other contributors to Evaluating Identity this symposium have marvelously explicated the ways in which the Declaration of The Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay, Independence deftly synthesized questions of national identity and Evaluating The Effect, civic equality in the new state. I would just add one crucial element.

God, to whom all pre-modern and even many modern Jews ascribed not only the universe but their own souls and survival, appears nowhere in the official language of the Declaration save for a delightfully oblique reference to The Rock of The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay, Israel (a venerable liturgical phrase taken from 2 Samuel 23:3). This near-total omission of the Creator was not lost on the religious signatories, one of whom, Rabbi Judah Leib Maimon, a significant scholar as well as head of the Religious Zionist Mizrachi Party (flown in by Ben-Gurion for Evaluating The Effect of Personal Development on Leadership Quality, the signing from Jerusalem, then under siege), appended to The Assassination his signature a squiggly three Hebrew characters, b ’ h , a traditional acronym for be ’ ezrat Ha-shem , “by the grace of God.” Much of Israel’s recent history is the gradual movement of Rabbi Maimon’s squiggle — and of other historical squiggles — from the margins of the founding Document, and on Use of Tobacco Products They Affect the Human, the ethos it meant to enshrine, to the center. In other words, the nation-state laws, the controversies they engender, and the processes they visibly enact, simply cannot be understood outside the context of the steady decline of of John, Mapai and its ethos from the mid-1970s to today. Ever since the Essay on Use of Tobacco Products and How Affect the Human Body still-traumatic Yom Kippur War of 1973, the hegemony of Mapai and the overwhelmingly secular Ashkenazi leadership elites of the state has been in steady decline — and The, with it the Teacher Selection, and Evaluation Zionist civil religion it created. Secular Ashkenazi Israel has, to be sure, not gone away, but it has steadily been shunted aside and made to yield in one sector after another to The Assassination groups who either were not present at the creation of the state or came to prominence only years after. Among these were the Revisionist Zionists, whose forcible exclusion not just from political power and patronage but from national memory and ethos engendered a bitter politics of resentment; Sephardi Jews, who in their countries of origin experienced modernity differently, less conflictually, and for whom it was precisely their very emigration to the new Jewish state of Israel that made for their traumatic encounter with modernity, wearing a secular Jewish face; Jews of the former Soviet Union, who, on their mass arrival, turned out not to be multitudes of Sharanskys and Nudels, dissident refusenik heroes, yearning to breathe free, but normal human beings seeking to improve their lives after having lived in forced estrangement from Jewish life for the better part of a century. And new generations of Essay, religious Zionists, whose youth rebellion was directed as much against The F. Kennedy, moderates like Rabbi Maimon, as against the elites of Mapai, came forward to press their own idealism against what they saw as a tired elite, supplanted with a new vision of Zionism as the paradoxical engine of the Messianic redemption that would, by extending Israeli sovereignty to the Biblical heartlands of Judea and Samaria, redeem the Jewish people and save the human race. For their part, Israel’s ultra-Orthodox Jews, rather than accepting Labor Zionism’s preferred role for them as inhabitants of a Judaic Colonial Williamsburg, have grown in The Effect Identity Development numbers and in social and political clout, proving once again that people who answer to a higher religious authority nonetheless have their own ideas. Taken together with the decline and The, widespread discrediting of Evaluating Development on Leadership, socialism, Israel’s Labor Zionism has been driven to the ropes for decades. The basic laws of 1992, as well as the constitutional revolution of The Assassination, Justice Aharon Barak, which form the backdrop to the present discussion, must be seen in this light — as has been marvelously demonstrated in Menachem Mautner’s Law and the Culture of Israel . The 1992 basic laws introduced “Jewishness” as a substantive factor in law-making.

The constitutional revolution of Justice Barak not only established American-style constitutionalism and positivist, judicial review in the absence of a constitution, but also went even farther than the most activist of of John F. Kennedy, American judges in its wholesale erasure of political question doctrine, the idea, fundamental to American jurisprudence, that courts cannot rule on issues constitutionally delegated to the executive or those involving policy judgments. In many ways, Barak came to see the judiciary as the last ditch of Israeli democracy — and yet that very defense, in the great backlash that it enabled, may have helped weaken that democratic edifice. (In a sense, Barak and his chief sparring partner in positivist vs interpretivist public debate, Ruth Gavison, both of whom spent significant time at Yale Law School, each internalized one of the poles of the debates over of John, judicial activism and restraint that have wracked, and in some ways disfigured, American jurisprudence for decades.) One case that emerged as a flash-point was the Selection, Supervision, so-called Katzir decision of 2000, ruling that state resources could not be used to establish Jewish-only communities. This, taken with the tenor of the Assassination F. Kennedy Essay Court generally, unwittingly fed into a perception in more right-wing circles that the judiciary did not recognize the legitimacy of the Zionist enterprise as a whole. Overwrought though much of the criticism of the court has been, it is crucial to Identity Development on Leadership note that in some respects the new religious critics of the The Assassination of John Mapai hegemons were not wrong. Israel’s secular elites had quite deliberately estranged themselves from, and weaned their children off, their own Jewish cultural resources, succumbing to the fate of revolutionaries who give their children an Do Animals Have Minds?, education as different as they can get from The of John F. Kennedy Essay their own. Ben-Gurion and enviro, his peers had no trouble arguing to religious Zionists that the Labor Zionist ethos was not only the better defense of Jewish interests but the better interpretation of its values. The successors of Ben-Gurion’s generation could not make that argument if for no other reason than that they no longer share with their religious interlocutors the same language or the same basic understandings of who they are and of John Essay, what they are doing in their own state. Israel’s secular elites quite deliberately estranged themselves from, and weaned their children off, their own Jewish cultural resources.

Not that the new would-be elites have all that many answers. Vs Interpretivist! As some of the other contributors here have pointed out , these laws are as much a sign of desperation as they are of anything. (They have been the occasion for extraordinary political opportunism on the part of Prime Minister Netanyahu and others, though that opportunism was made possible by of John F. Kennedy, genuine and unanswered questions.) They represent a flailing away both at the increasingly complex picture of Israeli democracy, and at a growing recognition that Israel’s conflict with the positivist Palestinians is at The Assassination of John Essay, bottom not about how to divide the land between two national groups but whether the Jews rightly deserve to have a state at all. That latter impasse has been made exponentially more complex by Israel’s settlements in Judea and Samaria but would have been there even without them. But desperate measures can lead to disastrous results. To be sure, as Gideon Sapir wrote, building on the terrific work of Comparing and Lady Macbeth, Alex Yakobson and Amnon Rubinstein, liberal democracies certainly can have strong national identities. And it must be said that a number of the nation-state laws’ sponsors and The Assassination F. Kennedy, supporters, far from being illiberal revanchists, are classic liberals, genuinely fearful of of Tobacco Products They, relentless attempts from multiple quarters to deny Israel’s very legitimacy as a Jewish state. And it must also be said that Israel is The Assassination Essay, a polity created not only to provide the physical security of sovereignty but to enviro 200 paperbus reconstitute affective ties of community. Staking the legitimate bounds of the latter will be a perennial conversation.

Nonetheless, there is no denying that these current proposed laws, in both design and intent, aim to put in Assassination of John Essay place Israel’s Jewishness as such (as though such a thing were easily defined in this day and of Personal Identity on Leadership, age), as the defining interpretive lens through which all other laws, including those governing Israel’s Arab minority, are to be scrutinized — even perhaps per the broad terms of judicial scrutiny ironically fashioned by a true champion of civil liberty, Justice Barak. Serving as interpretive lenses is after all what constitutional provisions do. There is, in Assassination of John Essay addition, a curious slippage at work in the very wording of Products the Human Body, these laws. The literal translation of medinat Yisrael ki-medinat ha-leom shel ha- ‘ am ha-yehudi , translates as “Israel is the nation state of the Jewish people.” In one and the same breath, the warm, historical resonances of “people” are yoked to the hard edges of the modern “nation,” in The F. Kennedy Essay which peoplehood is Have, tied to the coercive power of the state. This illustrates, if nothing else, the uneasy and still unresolved relationship between the new Israeli nationalist dispensation and the very historical identity it is seeking to preserve and protect. Which brings us full circle, to Weber. States are meant to provide security — and the ideational terms of meaningful belonging in and through which those states understand themselves are inextricably tied to security. It is all one package, and there are no easy ways out.

What’s more, this Israeli story belongs to Assassination F. Kennedy some larger trends, both regional and global. Regionally — we are, finally, witnessing the collapse of the nation state order put together after World War I as the and Lady Macbeth Essay Allies tried to sort out the contradictory promises scattered in all directions under the press of The F. Kennedy, wartime. Middle Eastern states are imploding and exploding all around, and what is coming to replace them is, interestingly, not nationalism. Rather, we are seeing people in Iraq, Syria, Libya and elsewhere turning increasingly to clan-based organization for security, or to a new dispensation of Essay and How, illiberal universalism, namely radical Islam, or, in Egypt, to authoritarians who promise to rein the Islamists in. Liberalism faces competition from The of John F. Kennedy Essay many quarters and not just ethnic nationalism. Universalism comes in many forms, not all of them benign.

This is so not only in on Use of Tobacco Products the Human the Middle East. To take a malign example, much of Western anti-Semitism rests on a kind of exclusionary universalism — as does radical Islam — in which rights are denied to those who do not accept our version of of John F. Kennedy, what is good for them and humanity. These exclusions, whether they derive from Athens, St. Paul, or Sayyid Qutb have no room for Jews. Globally, we are witnessing the liberal recession. If once there was a liberal order underwritten by American power, that order is increasingly called into question. As America is unable to impose its will or make full use of its soft power, as demonstrated inter alia by its inability to do much regarding ISIS (out of a mix of Have Essay, healthy caution, diplomatic incompetence, and a sense of impotence), the suasion — soft and hard — of a liberal order diminishes accordingly. The liberal order faces a triple threat in today’s world — Putin’s Russian imperial, authoritarian nationalism, China’s authoritarian capitalism, and radical Islamic politics. And the ongoing lesson of the unraveling of the European Union is Assassination of John Essay, that nationalism cannot be erased or wished away. Imagined communities, indeed, but every community is held together, as Maimonides understood, by the power of the imagination. Islamist politics is unlikely to win adherents in the West but, like the other two, deepens the Essay Western crisis of faith in its own values.

every community is held together, as Maimonides understood, by the power of the imagination. The End of History was always a fantasy; history doesn’t end just because we can’t see where it — or we — are going. And in good Hegelian fashion, things generate their opposites. Or more precisely, the next stage comes to compensate for the liberal state’s deficiencies, its difficulty with giving expression to strong affective ties of kinship, its dependence on religious mind-frames and notions of transcendence that sooner or later will challenge it. The hardening of Israel’s nationalism is, among other things, a harbinger of how the West will respond to the further dangers of Islamist politics, by digging in — a reaction that is paradoxically furthered by Western liberalism’s own feebleness in articulating and defending its own values. Western European governments who have continued to support the Palestinians and The Essay, especially Hamas, no matter their depredations, have done liberalism no favors. In Europe, multiculturalism looks increasingly to have been a dodge to get off the hook of building a genuinely shared civic culture. Nobody is Do Animals Essay, off the hook here.

As always when it comes to Israel there is plenty of blame to go around, including in my own mini-camp of Religious Zionist liberals who have been unable to make political traction over the years. At the same time, we have to of John accept the fact of American exceptionalism, the ways in enviro which the American model of religious neutrality is in Assassination Essay many ways non-transferrable abroad, and then decide what to do after that recognition has sunk in. Is there a way forward? In her recommendations to the Minister of Justice Ruth Gavison powerfully argues that liberal democracy is at times best preserved precisely by letting some large questions go unanswered but endlessly argued. Perhaps the instruments and practices of liberal democracy — and the package of rights that complements it — are best seen as principles of Do Animals Minds?, procedure rather than substance. They aim to The of John facilitate life in Selection, Supervision, common with a minimum of coercion and The Assassination F. Kennedy, violence. Yet that latter proviso is matter of both procedure and substance. Violent polities are not internally stable in the long haul (admittedly, at times a very long haul). And if being human means anything, it means there are things that other humans should do to one another only with the greatest reluctance and as a last resort.

There are of course, as many devils here, as there are details. The advantage of thinking about these constitutional arrangements in procedural terms is that they place to the side the thick questions of substantive belief and identity, or at least bracket them as much as possible, and create some sort of standard of review. Comparing And Lady Macbeth Essay! If there is a whiff of theology here, it is along the The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay lines of John Courtney Murray’s characterization of the religion clauses of the First Amendment as the Articles of Essay on Use and How Affect the Human Body, Peace. Those wishing for a more Hegelian state, or any state that perfectly embodies and realizes our ultimate communal ideals and our most far-reaching aspirations, are, sooner or later, calling for a bloodbath. Yet states cannot simply function as, in Emerson’s phrase, joint-insurance companies, because they will not thereby generate the common concern, solidarity, and Assassination F. Kennedy Essay, mutual sacrifice required to sustain them. For that something more is needed, some sort of thick civic culture (and, if we seek to inspire self-sacrifice, civil religion).

And the Israeli problem is that the on Use of Tobacco Products They old civil religion formulated by Mapai is The of John F. Kennedy, gone and nothing new has yet arisen to take its place. Writing recently about the postwar nation states of Africa, Samuel Moyn has said the following: The nation-state has always been exclusionary and often been violent, offending the cosmopolitanism of the of Tobacco Products Affect liberals and the desire of Marxists for solidarity beyond borders. Assassination Of John F. Kennedy Essay! The nation-state has also been a severe disappointment for postcolonialists, who believe that new nations succeeded mainly in creating new elites and perpetuating the suffering of their populations at large…But that is Products Affect the Human Body, no cause to underestimate — just as many anticolonialists overstated — the possibilities of Assassination, nationalism, with all its flaws, for progressive politics. While it may seem foolhardy to enviro 200 paperbus propose to rescue the nation-state from the The Assassination enormous condescension of posterity, it is critical all the same to understand why so many of our ancestors chose it. Why did they choose it? Because in Minds? order for statehood to survive, to be able to bring forth the Assassination bonds of solidarity and collective responsibility without which even the Comparing and Lady Macbeth most solitary life is at the end unlivable, and to endure via anything more than mere brutality and fear, it must speak to some meaningful forms of belonging; managing the necessary ties and nearly inevitable contradictions of the primordial bonds, civic associations and shared pursuits, and ultimate values, which together shape the lived experience of our lives. Political, social, and The of John, even legal institutions are answers not only to instrumental needs but to existential questions. The deep and They Affect the Human, tangled intermingling of instrumentality and existence, of our own human finitude, will always be with us. What defines us as humans is The, our need to make some sense of that finitude for the sake of our very survival, and to Selection, Supervision, Essay take heed of the needs, claims, danger, and sufferings of other human beings.

The human person, the figure at the center of the very idea of human rights, is not a person in general but a concrete figure, embedded in time and place, and yet dis-embedded and capable of seeing beyond one’s own horizon; able to The Assassination see in the people of other times and places a reflection of ourselves. The dynamic tension of the particular and the universal is woven into the very fabric of being human. Living and working that tension to the fullest is the burden, and blessing, of the Jews. [Go to the next essay in the forum by Yoram Hazony, “Considerations on Essay on Use of Tobacco and How They Affect the Current Crisis in The Essay Israel’s Constitution”] [Go to the previous essay in the forum by Nir Kedar, “On the Dangers of Enshrining National Character in Have the Law”] Marginalia is magnificent . Rather than sounding the death knell of the field, MRB may well enliven it. Essay! – American Historical Association. Marginalia is terrific. Its creators and writers have taught us all how to discuss — and debate — profound humanistic scholarship in a readable and accessible way. Enviro! – Anthony T. Grafton. To find out how you can support us, click here. ISSN 2325-8357.

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15 Creative Resume Examples That Will Land The Job. Table of Contents. You never get a second chance to make a good first impression. Of John F. Kennedy Essay. While you may think of Comparing and Lady Macbeth Essay this adage while preparing for F. Kennedy your next interview, how often do you think about it when submitting your CV or resume to a potential client or employer? The average length of time someone will look at your resume is about 5-8 seconds. That means you need a way to grab their attention quickly. Now, imagine competing with hundreds of vs interpretivist other applicants for that same opportunity.

As you might of guessed, the chances of The of John F. Kennedy getting noticed are reduced even more. So how do you tackle this problem? How do you get your resume to standout above all the rest? One way is by submitting a creative resume . A creative resume is 200 paperbus one that steps-away from the traditional, text-only resume and Assassination F. Kennedy instead adds creative elements into the mix. This can be anything from interactivity, videos, infographics, and even things like custom chocolates and candy wrappers – although I don’t recommend those last two. With a creative resume, the 200 paperbus, sky is the limit; you’re only capped by The, your imagination. On Use. Well, that and The of John F. Kennedy whether or not you really want that job. Many recruiters and of Tobacco Products and How Affect the Human Body potential clients and employers may not appreciate a creative resume. Assassination Essay. If the important details get lost in Selection, Supervision, and Evaluation the design, it’s not going to fair well for you. The F. Kennedy. In fact, if you’re going to use a creative resume, it’s important to understand where they’ll work, and The Effect Identity Development more importantly, where they won’t.

That said, you need to tailor your resume to the type of job you want. For example, you’re likely not going to send a creative resume if you’re applying for a job as a court clerk or a delivery driver. Assassination Essay. However, if you’re applying for the Creative Lead position at the local publishing house, it might just be the perfect opportunity to show off your design skills. Positivist Vs Interpretivist. So with that in mind, let’s take a look at some examples of creative resume designs to The of John help give you an idea of what’s out 200 paperbus there, and what can be done. We’ll also give you some guidance on which industries will work best for a particular design choice. This unique resume, created by Joe Kelso in 2007, will surely turn heads. The Assassination F. Kennedy. When asked about it in 200 paperbus an interview, Joe revealed that it was his secret weapon to getting noticed. The Assassination Of John. In fact, it was so effective that he was often called in for interviews in positivist vs interpretivist which he wasn’t a perfect match.

Industry: Media. Entertainment. Design. If you’re looking for a fun resume idea, check out Robby Leonardi’s interactive resume. Robby’s resume, which looks a lot like a video game, takes you on The Assassination of John F. Kennedy a journey through his experiences by allowing you to control the player using your mouse or keyboard. When you make it to the end of the game, you’re rewarded with an opportunity to send Robby a message. Infographics are all the rage these days, and it’s no surprise that they made their way into the resume design space. In this simple creative CV, Chen Zhi Liang makes use of them to highlight his skills, and I think he nailed it. Industry: Design. Development. Another resume that uses infographics to highlight skills and other areas of interest is this amazing resume by Joseph Acena.

The only Essay on Use Products They the Human issue I have with this one is related to the placement of the contact information – it’s a little hard to Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay spot – but otherwise this is a brilliant looking resume. Industry: Education. Publishing. Maria Camila Soto shows off her skills and Products and How They the Human her personality with her artistic resume. There’s just something about the hand-drawn look that I love. The Assassination Of John F. Kennedy Essay. Interesting / Gloria Edith Escalera Manzano. Gloria’s resume is the most interesting resume on the list. Although she created it for a school project, she clearly gave it a lot of thought, and I think she has something special here.

Industry : Design. Art. Illustration. Children’s Book Publishing. Supervision, Essay. This beautiful resume by Stuart Mayhew uses a single accent color to highlight the important bits of information.

The font choice is also brilliant. Many people forgot how important readability is when they focus too much on the flashy design elements. Stuart clearly did not. Anton Yermolov created this elegant designer resume in Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay which he also uses infographics to highlight his skills. This simple design reminds me of something I might see in a magazine, and it certainly caught my attention. Industry : Design. And Evaluation. Development. Print Media. Although there’s not much room for, well anything, Mathew Lynch sure knows how to ask for what he wants!

With his creative marketing resume, there’s no question about of John Essay, what he’s after. The fantastic typography alone will surely draw some attention. Industry : Publishing. Development. Design. Jimmy Raheriarisoa’s awesome resume is two-color, noir perfection! It’s simple, elegant, fun, and best of all… his skills are up-front-and-center. Selection, Essay. I’d call him in for The an interview in a heartbeat. Do Animals Minds?. Industry : Publishing. Media.

Art. Entertainment. This innovative resume comes from Paula Del Mas, which she created as a way to promote her skills as a graphic designer. Technically more of a portfolio than a resume, Paula spent a lot of of John F. Kennedy time designing this thing. The Effect Of Personal. She looked at The of John, every aspect of Minds? this book, including cover design and font selection, and put into it only things that would highlight her abilities. Lim Zhiyang uses infographics to highlight his skills and general interests in this fantastically fun and creative resume. A resume like this is great when you have skills, but not a lot of experience. Industry : Design.

Development. Illustration. Francesco’s cool resume gives us a look at the anatomy of a creative professional. His resume highlights his skills in a way that I’ve not seen before. If I were recruiting for Assassination of John Essay new creative talent, Francesco would make it on the list, for enviro 200 paperbus sure! Industry : Design. Illustration.

Publishing. Gaming. This creative resume by Allison Brunton reminds me of a technicolor version of The Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay Jimmy Raheriarisoa’s resume (#10). The important information is easy-to-find and the use of infographics brings things together nicely. Evaluating Of Personal. Industry : Design. Creative Arts.

When I first saw Rebecca Fisk’s creative cv I was immediately reminded of The Essay those old Pantone color-chips from back in the day. While I’m not sure how practical of a cv this is, it’ll absolutely make a lasting first impression. Now that you’ve seen some creative resume examples, you might decide to make one of your own. Before you do, here are a few tips to keep in mind: Choose legible fonts. One of the most important tips is font selection. Too many times I’ve seen it where either illegible font was used or too many fonts were used together.

The basic rule here is keep it simple, keep it clean. Don’t select crazy fonts just because they’re available. Keep your contact information easy-to-spot. This should go without saying, but when your contact information is more difficult to positivist vs interpretivist find than the ark of the covenant, no one – not even Indiana Jones – will find you. If you want people to contact you, make sure you make it easy for them to do so: don’t hide your contact information behind a terrible design. The Assassination F. Kennedy. Include important information, but keep it brief. If the average read-time is Essay about 6-8 seconds to determine whether or not you’ll be getting a call, then imagine how much time is spent reading the rest of your resume.

That said, keep it clear and concise. Don’t include irrelevant information, and don’t use big words when smaller ones will do. Let your personality show. Be creative. Let your resume speak to your personality. F. Kennedy. While my own resume isn’t exactly “creative” – I use a traditional style – my personality still comes through. Have. In my profile section, I have the following bullet point: Zombie aficionado — should there ever be a zombie apocalypse, it might be nice to have me around. Of John F. Kennedy Essay. Just sayin’. Use infographics to highlight your skills. Vs Interpretivist. Infographics can play a huge part in making a resume stand out, but it’s important to understand what infographics are, and how to make them work. Otherwise, you run the risk of having your resume look like a photo collage put together by a second-grader.

If you’re not keen on designing your own creative resume, you might consider starting with a template. A word of caution, though… with a template, you run the risk of not being original. However, resume templates do offer a good starting point. Here are a few to help get you started: This template offers a nice balance between traditional and creative. The Assassination Of John F. Kennedy Essay. The important information is easy-to-spot, and the color and font selection are spot on. Resume Template by The Effect of Personal Identity, Abdullah Al Mamun. This is another simple design being offered as a free download by Abdullah Al Mamu. The design comes in four colors and can easily be customized to meet your needs. If you’re looking for something free and of John F. Kennedy Essay simple, this is your best bet. This template comes jam-packed with extras, including matching business cards!

It also comes in three different formats: .psd, .docx, and Macbeth Essay .doc. The. If you’re looking for an entry-level infographics format, this one by Creative Graphics is simple, flat, and fully customizable. However, you’ll need Adobe Illustrator for Minds? this one. Essay. A solid choice in my book is this one by Whitegraphic. It features both a light and Evaluating The Effect of Personal Identity Quality dark style, and it uses free fonts and comes in The Assassination F. Kennedy two formats: .psd and enviro .ai. The Assassination. There are tons of templates online. Some are free, some are not. The best advice I can give, go with what speaks to you and your personality. Just keep in mind where it is you’re sending it. Creative resumes aren’t for everyone, and they’re certainly not for every type of job – but they do have their place, and they can be an enviro 200 paperbus, effective tool when you’re looking for new opportunities.

Just keep things tame! Bottom line: just because you can do something, doesn’t mean you should . Creative resumes do have the potential to get you noticed, but you want to make sure that you’re being noticed in of John a good way, and for the right reasons. Tammy Coron is an independent creative professional and Ophelia and Lady Essay the host of Roundabout: Creative Chaos. Assassination Of John. She’s also the co-founder of Day Of The Indie, the organizer behind Indie DevStock, and the founder of Just Write Code. Find out more at positivist vs interpretivist, TammyCoron.com. Shame IT isn#8217;t really the Essay, market where most of these resumes would be suitable for. Comparing Essay. I love the design and look of these though. You are right, Arthur! They are not for Essay everyone, but how about this idea? Looks cool, right? #128578; So how do you tackle this problem? How do you get your resume to standout above all the rest?

One way is by submitting a creative resume. So with that in mind, let’s take a look at some examples of creative resume designs to help give you an idea of what’s out of Tobacco Affect there, and what can be done. We’ll also give you some guidance on which industries will work best for a particular design choice.

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Chance and Choice, Biology and Theology in Alexander Payne’s Election. Looking back from Election (1999) to his first feature film, Payne saw Citizen Ruth (1996) as “something of a dry run for” the The of John F. Kennedy Essay, later one. (1) Indeed, although Election is arguably a richer, more subtle work than Citizen Ruth , the stylistic and thematic connections between them are robust. On Leadership? Neither finally resolves any issues, conflicts among characters, or moral questions. Religion or religious themes permeate both, explicitly in the first film, implicitly through imagery in the second. The Omaha in which Payne set the movies—the city in which he grew up—gives each a convincing realism that enlarges its particulars into generalities. (2) In Election , the cultural implications of a high school Student President election expands subtly via shots containing U. S. flags, clusters of red, white, and blue, and other icons of American culture and politics, including a few images of Abraham Lincoln. More emphatically, its broader national implications are highlighted when what happens in Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay a Midwestern high school becomes through the media a source of nationwide diversion. More broadly still, Election expands into a parable of the central paradoxes of being human. At the thematic centre of Election wrestle two opposing conceptions of the Do Animals Have, efficacy of of John human will: one favours the strictures of fate, the other the freedom of action implied by the concepts of morals and ethics. Neither—or perhaps each, paradoxically—prevails.

In two of The Effect of Personal on Leadership Quality her many voice-overs Tracy Flick (Reese Witherspoon) implicitly acknowledges both: First, “You can’t interfere with destiny; that’s why it’s destiny.” Later, “Win or lose, ethical conduct is the most important thing. Just ask Mr. McAllister.” Tracy and Jim McAllister (Matthew Broderick), “Mr. M” as he is known to his students, at once expound and enact the dilemmas inherent in the ideas of fate and free will. The F. Kennedy? Payne remarked that he wished to associate Jim with circles and Tracy with straight lines—a pattern that he doesn’t regard as having been entirely successful in vs interpretivist execution. The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay? Successful or not, the association of Mr. M with circles is enviro subsumed into a larger pattern of imagery having to do with fruit, food, trash, and—ultimately—Christian mythology. The Essay? For the moment, however, let us consider Mr. Products Affect The Human? M as destined to repeat laps on the same circular track, and Tracy as fated to go straight to … somewhere successful. On the other hand, perhaps not destiny but character, to The F. Kennedy which morals and ethics apply, may determine the outcomes of the story.

Tracy, ruthlessly ambitious even in her adolescence and Do Animals Have Minds? Essay, spurred on by her frustrated mother, will get to wherever she’s going by The of John, doing whatever it takes: hard work, cheating, possibly sex, lying, prayer. Mr. Do Animals Minds?? M is an energetic and devoted teacher, profoundly content with his professional position, mostly straightforward, honest, and optimistic. Apparently, he has no desire to be other than what he is, where he is. Because of his personality, it appears that he will get nowhere, nor does he need to.

But he’s sexually frustrated and therefore open to temptation, and he is also a bit protective of his position of power in the little world of The of John Essay Carver High School. These “big buts,” as Pee Wee Herman (Paul Rubens) put it in Pee-wee’s Big Adventure (1985), lead him downward, onto dangerous, unpredictable paths, from which he manages only a partial and ambiguous climb back up. Could we not say, then, that character is enviro 200 paperbus destiny? And yet character is revealed, as Aristotle argued, by Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay, actions, presumably freely chosen. (3) We and Essay, the film go around and around on this issue, a bit like Mr. M’s mostly unprogressive circulations. Of John F. Kennedy Essay? Ultimately, Election will not let us decide between fate and the choices that can be judged as moral or ethical—“and what’s the difference between morals and ethics, anyway,” a question asked by both Mr. M and his friend and colleague Dave Novotny (Mark Harelik), but never answered.

Indeed the of Tobacco Products They the Human Body, very title, “ Election ,” embodies the paradoxes of its plot and The Assassination F. Kennedy, its characters. Election can mean choosing, electing to do one thing or another or to refrain from Do Animals Have Minds?, doing something. As a term of Christian—notably Calvinist—doctrine, it can mean something like the F. Kennedy Essay, opposite: having no chance on earth to affect one’s status with God, but rather being predestined, or not, for salvation and eternal life. That meaning is relevant; Christian mythology and The Effect of Personal Identity Development on Leadership Quality, doctrine, only Assassination of John Essay, slightly sublimated, significantly illuminate the imagery and inform the dialogue of Payne’s film. (“Payne’s film” for shorthand; more accurately, it should also be considered as authored by Jim Taylor, the co-screenwriter and, according to the credits, the provider of the hand-held 16mm footage that was used to depict the love life of Tammy (Jessica Campbell), a major secondary character.) Like the title of Election , its principal characters do not declare firmly for fate or free will. Enviro? And even if they did, the audience would not necessarily concur, given that both Tracy and Jim are manifestly unreliable narrators.

Tracy seems to claim a rather grandiose future for herself with her campaign sign: “SIGN UP FOR / TOMORROW / TODAY!” and Assassination of John Essay, with her assertion, already quoted, about the futility of trying to interfere with destiny. Yet that voice-over begins with her saying, “None of this would have happened if Mr. M hadn’t meddled the way he did,” a statement that doesn’t exactly support her claim about of Personal Identity, fate. Her final remark about her future, which she makes when she is disturbed by less disciplined classmates while studying in her Georgetown University dorm room, leans again toward destiny: “I’ve come to of John F. Kennedy Essay accept that very few people are truly destined to be special.” Regarding Tracy, the title of of Personal Development on Leadership Quality Payne’s film guides us back to the central argument of F. Kennedy Max Weber’s classic The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism . Paradoxically, Weber argued, a belief in predestination leads not to resignation but to anxious striving, in hopes that success in this life may offer a clue to the likelihood of life eternal hereafter. Positivist? If Tracy is Assassination of John F. Kennedy destined to be great—“special” is the usual synonym in Election —her success, ethically or otherwise achieved, might confirm a favourable heavenly prognosis. Mr. Do Animals? M, more modestly, also seems to claim a destiny—in his case, as a teacher: “I couldn’t imagine doing anything else.” An advocate for upright morals/ethics who lectures Tracy and The Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay, his straying colleague Dave on their behaviour and who sees himself “standing in front of a room full of young people, … preparing them for Do Animals Minds? Essay, the tough moral and ethical decisions that they’ll face as adults,” Mr.

M is nonetheless inclined to mark up to fate the disasters he brings on himself. Things “happen” to him. About making love with Linda (Delaney Driscoll), an act that “ruined my life,” he observes, “Things started to get really complicated. … It was something that just happened.” Ironically, after it “happened,” he goes on Essay to assert, “for the first time in years, I felt free, and alive.” Yet when Jim returns to Comparing Ophelia and Lady his home to discover Linda’s betrayal, far from The Assassination of John F. Kennedy, dealing with the two reproachful women who turn their tearstained faces to him, he simply murmurs “okay” and, apparently accepting his fate, retreats. Although Mr. M admits believing that he “had to stop” Tracy from winning the election for Student Body President, he introduces the action he took to nullify her victory with “it happened.” If he hadn’t accidentally missed the garbage can with an enviro 200 paperbus ancient carton of Assassination F. Kennedy Essay spaghetti, or if the janitor hadn’t seen it spill on the floor, or noticed the discarded ballots in Mr. Do Animals Have Minds? Essay? M’s wastebasket, the of John, unlucky teacher would probably have escaped the and Lady, consequences of The Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay his impulsive intervention. But his own decisions and behavior made those misfortunes possible, made the unlucky coincidences matter.

Above the desk at which Mr. M is sitting in one scene a partially cut off banner urges, “RESPONSIBLE for your own actions!” Tammy (Jessica Campbell) and Paul Metzler (Chris Klein), among the supporting characters, add texture to the theme of destiny. “Lisa and I,” declares a rejected Tammy, “were destined to 200 paperbus be together.” She precedes that utterance, however, with “How can something that seemed so true turn out to be a lie?” As is often the case in Election , Tammy’s query can be taken in two ways: as contesting the of John F. Kennedy Essay, veracity of “turn out to be a lie,” or as accepting it, but with astonishment. Paul’s understanding of his fate is less questioning and equivocal—though the Do Animals, audience may consider his role as more complicated than Paul himself does. After breaking his leg skiing and thereby losing the chance to return as the quarterback of Carver High’s football team, he finds himself “mad at God” and “feeling that now my life had no purpose.” But “Then one day destiny just walks up and taps [me] on the shoulder.” That destiny, embodied in Mr. M, has taken a more roundabout route to his shoulder than Paul comprehends. To wit: With the of John F. Kennedy Essay, amorous overtones of Tracy Flick’s parking lot approach echoing in Mr. M’s head as he lies next to 200 paperbus his sleeping wife, he goes quietly to the basement and withdraws from his secret cache of pornography a comically crude videotape entitled “Touchdown!” In it, a high school football player, played by a five-o’clock-shadowed mid-thirtyish actor (Brian Tobin, doubling from his main job of casting extras) is approached in the locker room by an only slightly younger looking “cheerleader,” on whom the “quarterback” is soon mounted. This sight puts into Mr. The F. Kennedy? M’s mind another blond high school coed and another quarterback who might screw her, figuratively if not literally, “Paul!” And so destiny taps him—and ultimately Jim McAllister.

Paul regards the twists and turns of his life as divinely guided. Macbeth? The night before the election, he prays, “You [God] will decide who the best person is and I’ll accept it.” (As a contrast, Tracy has begun her prayer that night with “Dear Lord Jesus, … I really must insist that you help me win the election tomorrow.”) Paul wins and The of John F. Kennedy, then loses the election, in both cases because of Mr. M. As a vehicle for Lisa to prove to his sister that she, Lisa, “is not like you … a dyke,” he gets and then, after failing to win the election, loses a girlfriend. 200 Paperbus? But all works out for the best in Paul’s best of all possible worlds; during the last movement of the film he reflects on a generally gratifying senior year, wonders what could have happened had he won the election, and concludes that had things gone otherwise, “I might even be dead!” The prayers of Paul and Tracy may serve to return us to the importance in Election of Christian myth, the aspect of the destiny/morals-ethics theme that expands it to the limits of history and F. Kennedy, experience.

One of the two versions of the beginning of Essay on Use Products and How They the Human Body human life as told in Genesis includes the temptation of Eve and Adam, their expulsion from the Garden of Eden, and The F. Kennedy Essay, the subsequent contamination of the world by pain, hazard, and death. The fruit of the Forbidden Tree is generally represented as an apple, and positivist, it is worth noting that apples and teachers are popularly associated. Election insists on both associations, most obviously the second, but with great significance the first also. In the Assassination Essay, “Director’s Commentary” Payne notes that there’s “a bit of an apple theme … as temptation.” More than “a bit.” Apple imagery pervades Election . Of Personal Identity Development On Leadership Quality? It is associated mostly with Mr. M, but it is also sometimes attached to other characters, most notably Paul; and it is contrasted with other fruit, more innocent bananas and The, oranges. 200 Paperbus? It first appears as a red, apple-shaped penholder on Mr. M’s desk during his initial voice-over as he muses, “It’s hard to remember how the whole thing started, the whole election mess.” The whole human mess started, mythogically, with an apple. Of John F. Kennedy? During the same voice-over, an apple appears again on vs interpretivist the plaque Mr.

M receives as “Teacher of the of John Essay, Year.” As Election continues, the significance of the apple imagery becomes more pointed. Under the “RESPONSIBLE for Do Animals Essay, your actions” banner, an apple rests on a pile of papers. After Jim accompanies Linda to a mall and of John, half-facetiously suggests stopping at a motel, he dismisses the outing to his wife, “Oh, you know, Linda can be a bit much sometimes.” But the apple he bites into as he speaks and an apple refrigerator magnet behind him give the lie to his feigned indifference and hint at consequences to come. The scene that most clearly associates The Fall with Jim’s infidelity takes place the afternoon following his and Linda’s lovemaking. They? Earlier, as he left for school, she suggested that they continue at “that motel.” Jim prepares the The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay, room with flowers, wine, candy, and of Personal Identity Quality, a book of poetry apparently borrowed from the school library, its relevant place marked by a long-stemmed rose. But Linda fails to appear. When Jim returns to of John F. Kennedy Essay Linda’s house and Teacher Selection, and Evaluation, receives no response to his knocking, he goes around to the back, where we a bush covered with red roses, and behind it an apple tree loaded with red fruit. A reverse shot puts the apple tree and its abundant fruit in the left foreground; we can now see that it’s also buzzing with wasps.

Having received no answer to his calls, Jim turns to leave, at which moment a wasp lights on his eyelid and stings him. The Assassination Of John F. Kennedy? The Edenic, “free,” renewed life that he imagined with Linda bashes head on into the complication and Ophelia and Lady Macbeth Essay, sorrow of the The Assassination of John, fallen world. “Ow! Ow! Jesus! Oh, fuck!” The last two expletives, plausible from a naturalistic viewpoint, simultaneously evoke the ultimate result of The Fall, the coming of Christ, and Comparing Ophelia and Lady Macbeth, the sex-shame that was its immediate first symptom. The following morning, Mr. M takes a second life-ruining action, putting two of the of John F. Kennedy Essay, votes for Tracy into the trash. As he does, the apple-penholder is again prominent on his desk. Teacher Selection, And Evaluation Essay? Mr. Assassination Of John F. Kennedy? M’s accompanying voice-over has undertones of something like a second Adam attempting to vs interpretivist avoid the The F. Kennedy Essay, mistake of the first: “The sight of Tracy at that moment affected me in a way I can’t fully explain.

Who knew … how many would suffer because of her? I had to stop her. Now.” Exiled from Do Animals Have, his home, Mr. M picks at a solitary dinner the next evening; his salad contains a cherry tomato that visually echoes apples. Further, according to Payne, “he’s eating apple pie here. Of John F. Kennedy? (4) In the enviro 200 paperbus, next-to-last sequence of Election , the role of Jim as a representative of all the Assassination of John, progeny of Adam becomes nearly explicit. In a voice-over, Jim asks, “What happens to a man when he loses everything?” Simultaneously, the camera focuses on the mid-section and legs of an early, naked man, his dangling penis especially prominent in the center of the frame. The camera pans up to reveal his face, then the image cuts to reveal that we are viewing a scene from a diorama of a Neanderthal couple, an anthropological Adam and Eve, in a desert setting. (The voice-over will later inform us that this is in the Museum of Natural History in Evaluating The Effect Identity Development Quality New York.) Immediately, Jim Macalester appears in front of the scene, wearing a “MUSEUM GUIDE” button and carrying a red flag.

Who better to answer the The, question his voice-over has just asked? Later, images of Jim with his new female companion bracket a shot of two naked, hairy primitive hominids, another Adam and The Effect of Personal Identity Development, Eve expelled from the ease of The Garden. Round, red apples serve as reminders that humans live in a complicated, dangerous world in which their destiny or their moral/ethical failures inevitably lead them into disaster, sooner or later. Apples bleed their colour into Assassination of John Essay, Election , linking that colour with other conventional associations: danger, anger, sexual passion, and so on. The most hazardous allied images with scarlet circles—rivaling the apple in Selection, and Evaluation Essay menace and directly connected with it symbolically—are the round, red mouths of the women who tempt and torment Jim. And they have teeth. Most striking are the prominent teeth of Linda, when she smiles at Jim. (One suspects that Ms. The Of John Essay? Driscoll was cast at least partly for that attribute.) During her trip to the mall with Jim, she tries out Essay and How Affect the Human Body, a lipstick and of John F. Kennedy, then asks for of Personal Identity Development Quality, his opinion. Her scarlet lips and teeth loom in an extreme close-up shot from Jim’s point-of-view. Tracy also shows her teeth in a possibly seductive smile when she says to Mr.

M, “You and I are going to be spending a lot of The Assassination of John Essay time together, and I for one would like that time together to be harmonious and [pause] productive. Wouldn’t you?” Whatever her intention, Mr. M’s libidinous memory of her that night has her mouth next to his ear (as when Linda seduces him), teeth and lips again looming large. Intercourse with Diane becomes a chore for Jim, as they try to conceive a child. “Fill me up,” she urges, teeth showing, as Jim struggles to ejaculate; then, when he does, “Okay. Good job.” Payne’s close-up of positivist vs interpretivist her at this point is rotated ninety degrees in the frame, oriented much as Tracy’s was in The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay his memory and as Linda’s and Tracy’s will be in the fantasies Jim evokes during another instance in which he and his wife have sex. In that sequence, we first see Linda’s toothy face; then Tracy’s head and voice replace Linda’s in Jim’s mind—Tracy demanding when Linda had seductively asked. Jim begins to show his own teeth, which he does more fiercely when he scripts Tracy’s fantasized voice to Ophelia and Lady become imploring: “Fill me up, please.” (Another male, the “quarterback” in the porn video Jim watches, also shows his teeth during sex.)

Power and sex in Election are closely allied. Assassination Essay? The erotic value of winning the student body presidency at Carver High is made explicit, however inconspicuously, by Do Animals Have Minds?, the cover of one of the pornographic magazines in The Assassination Essay Jim’s secret treasure chest. On its cover title, “The Big ELECTION,” the “L” is crossed out and replaced by an “r,” in Evaluating of Personal red. There are mild phallic suggestions associated with the student president campaign in the exchange between Tracy and The of John F. Kennedy Essay, Mr. M at the beginning of the film: After shots of Tracy’s table legs being snapped into Do Animals Essay, position and her tapping the end of a ballpoint pen as she readies her campaign, Mr. M comes by, “Not wastin’ any time, are you, Tracy?” To which she replies, “You know what they say about the early bird.” “Yes,” he responds, “I do.” Those of Tracy’s fellow students who oppose or dislike her express their hostility in The of John oral-sexual terms, “Eat me!” and “Eat me raw!” During the same assembly called for candidates’ speeches, a large sign behind Tracy, its initial “F” cut off by framing, reads “LICK.” For a confirmation of the complex of sex, mouths and teeth, and power, we may turn to the sequence in which Paul tells us in voice-over, “I sure was surprised when Lisa Flannigan asked me for a ride home and ended up blowin’ me.” The visual shows Paul with his mouth stretched wide open in a combination of Selection, Supervision, passion and of John F. Kennedy, astonishment—no teeth showing. Lisa rises from between Paul’s spread legs, exposes her large front teeth with a grin, and announces, “I’ve wanted this for so long!” “The next thing you know,” Paul continues, “she’s my girlfriend.” And his campaign manager. She instructs and poses Paul for his poster; her photograph shows Paul with a big smile, full of teeth.

The teeth and the promise of power are in her control. On the enviro 200 paperbus, inside of her school locker, Paul’s sister Tammy (before her same sex romance with Lisa disintegrates) has taped photos of mouths with the words “Smooch” and “Chew Me.” Weeping after Lisa has dismissed her as “a dyke,” Tammy’s small teeth are covered with braces. (5) Then, “Sometimes when I’m sad, I sit and watch the power station.” As she says this we see her contemplating seven huge chimneys. Assassination Of John F. Kennedy Essay? A dissolve to a slightly closer view, completely unnecessary for purposes of the 200 paperbus, narrative, emphasizes again the The Essay, image of the power station and its phallic chimneys, images perhaps of her love lost to phallic power. After Lisa claims Paul for boyfriend and political toy, Tammy fights back by mounting her own campaign for student body president. She too understands the erotics of the election. Along with their explicit libidinal significance, the Evaluating Development on Leadership Quality, other usual function of The Assassination mouths, eating food, is Do Animals also persistently connected with sex. Mr. Novotny’s seduction of Tracy begins in The Assassination a restaurant and is consummated in his home accompanied by a can of root beer. Tracy’s last push on election day—recall the Teacher Selection, and Evaluation Essay, ELECTION-ErECTION joke—begins with two-hundred-fifty cupcakes.

Jim, in what Payne calls “a cheap joke,” pops the The F. Kennedy, cork from a bottle of wine between his legs as he gazes at Comparing and Lady Linda; and he stocks the The Assassination of John Essay, room at the “American Family Motel” with candy and champagne in Essay anticipation of continuing an affair with her. The Essay? (Ironically, given his failure to impregnate his wife, the motel’s roadside sign reads “Welcome Seed Dealers.”) En route to Comparing Ophelia Macbeth Essay his pornographic video, Jim grabs a can of Pepsi; watching and sipping, he remembers Tracy’s remark, “You know, Coca-Cola is by The F. Kennedy, far the world’s number one soft drink.” When he sees Tracy get into a limousine with a Nebraska congressman (the former Representative Mike Geiger), he furiously throws a large Pepsi into its back windshield. The first food we see in Election is tossed into a garbage can by enviro, Mr. Of John F. Kennedy Essay? M. Thus garbage rises as an early star in the constellation that includes food, mouths and teeth, sex, and eating. Teacher Selection, Supervision, Essay? As Payne observes in his commentary, “garbage is all there, kind of obsessively.” After cleaning out the refrigerator, Mr. The Assassination Of John? M puts a bit of hall trash into a wastebasket as he walks away from his early morning encounter with Tracy. Later he throws away her nominating petitions, which he’s supposed to keep. The Effect Of Personal Identity? Both acts anticipate his disposing of her two crucial votes. Mr. M is associated with, even pursued by, garbage.

When he is confronted by The, his accusers in the principal’s office, we see the sullen face of the janitor among them; immediately, Payne flashes back to the fatal spaghetti hitting the floor while the janitor watches. It is of Personal Development not just rotting that transforms food into garbage. The Assassination F. Kennedy? Through digestion it becomes waste, the essence and original of garbage. Election signals the membership of excrement in its complex imagery by backgrounds of urinals in a couple of Selection, Supervision, and Evaluation scenes, by Jim’s urinating on a tree in Linda’s front yard just after a red garbage truck goes by, and by what Payne calls “a pooping cement truck” on a sign during Paul’s “Mexican Party.” Elias Canetti, in his magisterial Crowds and Power , considers the processes of power as summarized by the primitive sequence that begins with sighting and seizing prey, continues through its incorporation, and ends in its final mortification as excrement. Two aspects of his analysis are especially relevant to Election : First, he observes the connection between teeth and power: “… the manifest attributes of the teeth, have entered into Assassination F. Kennedy, the very nature of power. Vs Interpretivist? … in every manifestation of Assassination power, they are the first things to Essay on Use Products Affect the Human Body be established.” (6) Second, the exercise of power on something or someone concludes when “everything useful is abstracted from The of John Essay, it till all that remains is refuse and stench.” (7)Broadly applying Canetti’s analysis to humanity in general, our congenital guilt began with the eating of an apple, which itself ended, presumably, as waste. “It is our daily and continuing sin and, as such, it stinks and cries to heaven.” (8)When Jim, the positivist vs interpretivist, prey, and Assassination of John Essay, his predator wife divorce, Diane gets their house and “almost everything,” leaving Jim with only his dismal subcompact auto. (9) During Jim’s voice-over at this point, Payne notes revealingly that on the accompanying visual Jim is “pursued by Teacher Supervision, and Evaluation, garbage to the end.”

Along with Mr. M, Tracy and Tammy are associated with garbage at critical moments, usually on occasions of sorrow and Assassination F. Kennedy, guilt. Tracy (her hair curled into two devilish horns for the scene) furiously tears down Paul’s posters after a plastic trash can slides from under her while she tries to reattach a large poster of her own. From behind trash bins, the jilted Tammy spies on her former lover and her brother kissing, and she witnesses Tracy disposing of Paul’s destroyed posters in the dumpster behind the power plant—a bit of good fortune of an ironic kind that allows her to positivist plead guilty to Tracy’s crime, get herself expelled from Carver, and enroll in the local Catholic school for girls. Garbage, the outcome of human sin and The Assassination of John Essay, waste, cannot be easily (or perhaps ever) fully cleaned up. Water washes without efficacy in of Personal Development Quality Election because it is associated in the film with one of the causes of Assassination human misery that goes back to The Garden, sex. The sound of the Selection, and Evaluation Essay, athletic field sprinkler that we hear before any image appears on of John Essay the screen could be considered mildly suggestive only in Do Animals Have Minds? Essay retrospect, but the image of the nozzle that solves the brief mystery of the sound is emphatically phallic. Nor is water associated solely with male sexuality.

Just before his encounter with Linda, Jim draws a clump of Assassination F. Kennedy hair from a bath drain. In extreme close-up, the drain and the hair approach the yonically obscene. Do Animals Have Minds? Essay? “There’s your problem,” Mr. M announces, presciently. It’s a problem that Linda will shortly solve by embracing her more-than-susceptible plumber. For Jim, however, the of John, temporary solution of Linda’s problems compounds his in ways that can’t be washed away. After readying the Teacher Selection, Supervision, and Evaluation, motel room, Jim crouches in The of John F. Kennedy Essay the bathtub, washing his genitals. But, like Lady Macbeth, he cannot scrub away the enviro, guilt from the The, offending part of his anatomy. Later, having spent the Essay on Use of Tobacco Products and How the Human Body, night in his car, he showers in F. Kennedy Essay a Carver High locker room. He seems to wish to wash away his whole life, including his destiny as a teacher. Vs Interpretivist? Railing, he mocks student requests for letters of recommendation and other favours; then, “Fuck them!” But that, or imagining that, is another part of the problem. When Mr.

M, after his escape to New York City, sees Tracy and the Congressman, he describes his anger with a verb that evokes the uncleansing waters elsewhere in the film: “It all came flooding back.” A close-up of Tracy’s paper-cut bloody hands after her destructive frenzy makes a clear reference to Lady Macbeth, a reference that Payne did not feel he needed to Assassination further emphasize in a scene that showed Tracy strenuously washing her hands, which he cut form the final version of his film. Mr. Essay Of Tobacco Affect? M is Assassination frequently shown washing; but his efforts to clean himself do not avail to Have Essay wash away the guilt, desire, garbage, and dire fate that pursue him. Washing his car as “It’s a Beautiful Day” plays on the soundtrack, Jim views his life as “back on track,” looks forward to reuniting with Diane, and assures himself that “the worst was over.” All this optimism precedes immediately the summons to The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay the principal’s office that completes the demolition of his existence in Omaha.

An historic, generally misogynistic tradition interprets Eve’s seduction by the Serpent as the Minds?, original sexual infidelity and as the model for all those that follow. Assassination Of John? Both our original parents discover shame in the nakedness of positivist their genitals after their initial transgression. Sexual love, then, fuses with The Fall, and it cannot cure humankind’s woes, however much we may dream of its doing so. Here below, as the French say, we are stuck with our frail, sinful nature; we can hope for The F. Kennedy Essay, salvation only through some heavenly intervention, which the characters of Election attempt to attribute to Do Animals Have earthly love. Tammy and Paul each use the The of John F. Kennedy Essay, same word, “miracle,” to describe their amorous times with Lisa. His extramarital love struck Jim similarly; he at first experiences his sexual encounter with Linda as “a miracle.” While Linda’s infant son watches from his crib, however, his mother and his godfather copulate on the floor in Comparing Macbeth front of him; and he becomes a classically Freudian witness to The of John the ongoing dangers and pains of post-Edenic erotic love. “For Homecoming,” Paul reminds Mr. M, “you know how last year’s theme was ‘Heaven on Essay on Use They Earth’ ….” Mr. M cuts him off. He is in the midst of discovering how distant earth really is from heaven. “As for the earthly paradise,” wrote Northrop Frye, “according to of John F. Kennedy Essay Christian doctrine it was, but it cannot now be; consequently in enviro romance the paradisal is frequently a deceitful illusion that turns out to be demonic or a destructive vision.” (10) A quotation from The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay, William Trevor preceding the novel by Evaluating of Personal Development on Leadership Quality, Tom Perrotta on which Election is (rather loosely) based may be the book’s most significant contribution to understanding the movie: “The world is School gone mad.” If Mr.

M. takes Carver High to be his Garden, when it goes mad his earth tilts on The of John F. Kennedy Essay its axis and positivist vs interpretivist, he is thrown into the postlapsarian world. Of course, he has already been dwelling there, a fact that his naive optimism largely concealed from him. To return to the question with which this discussion began: Stuck in the world east of Eden, is Jim helplessly destined for ruin or does he bring catastrophes on The of John F. Kennedy Essay himself through failures of morals and ethics? Western religious traditions have chewed on and swallowed this dilemma, but they cannot quite digest it. The most dubious tenet of Milton’s “Great Argument” in Paradise Lost , for example, is that God made humankind “Sufficient to have stood, though free to fall.” (11)Given His omniscience (He knew what would happen but it could, somehow, have happened otherwise), this attempt to rationalize the Have, contradictions between destiny and The of John F. Kennedy, free choice has not persuaded many readers. Election doesn’t try for such a reconciliation of opposites. It sets them forth and leaves them in their intrinsic tension. In perhaps the most illuminating of Teacher Selection, and Evaluation his comments, Payne discusses the conclusion of his film: “It’s honest in suggesting that things really don’t change in our lives, that we think we’ve moved on Assassination Essay but actually we don’t or we can’t, ’cause we are who we are.” Like Citizen Ruth , Election is ultimately radical in its ironies.

Its dilemmas of character, fate, freedom, and the compromised energies powering the Do Animals Have, human universe remain irresolvable as evidence piles up on all sides of every issue. The two songs accompanying the The, closing credits extend the central ironies of the movie. The lyrics of the first declare, “I wanna go to school again, I wanna know how love began … if you’ll be the teacher.” We have seen how unqualified Mr. M is to Essay on Use of Tobacco and How They Affect the Human Body give such lessons, and nothing in Election suggests that anyone else would be better prepared. We have also been reminded, by the implications of Election ’s richly suggestive imagery, of “how love began.” The second musical accompaniment to the credits, an accordion piece, contributes its irony more subtly. To appreciate it, one needs to notice its title in the music credits: “God Whispers to Constantine.” He says this in the “audio commentary” of the DVD of Assassination Election , Paramount/Viacom 36121, referring to the “many, many, many same people” he worked with on both films: the production designer, editor, composer, assistant cameraman, prop master, grips and electricians, and so on. All further quotations from Payne will be taken from this “audio commentary” on the DVD. As I argued in “ Revisiting Citizen Ruth ,” Film International , May, 2011, that expansion rippled out Have Minds? Essay, from the conflicts around a local fight over abortion, to the question of abortion in the U. S. generally, and then further outward into broad implied commentary on the contemporary culture of the United States.

Aristotle, Poetics (trans. Hippocrates G. Apostle, Elizabeth A. Assassination F. Kennedy Essay? Dobbs, Morris A. Positivist? Parslow). Grinnell, Iowa: The Peripatetic Press, 1990. Assassination Of John? Perhaps one can tell in a theatrical showing what kind of pie Jim is eating, but it’s not clear on the DVD transfer. And Lady Macbeth Essay? Nonetheless, Payne’s remark is suggestive: “… the apples have been crushed and cooked. This sounds stupid, but anyway it means something to The F. Kennedy Essay me.” Payne remarks that he cast Jessica Campbell, who had basically been “just a high school student … from a tape.

I didn’t even meet her. I loved her braces.” Canetti, Elias. Crowds and Comparing, Power (trans. Carol Stewart). Of John Essay? New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1962, 1973, p.208. Ibid, p.211 Ibid, p.211 In the “audio commentary,” Payne calls it a “Ford Festiva, the car of an impotent man.” Frye, Northrop. The Secular Scripture: A Study of the Structure of Romance . Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1978, p.98. On Use Products And How They The Human? Milton, John. Complete Poems and Major Prose (Edited by Merritt Y. Hughes).

New York: The Odyssey Press, 1957, p. 260. Lesley Brill is Professor of Film and English at The of John Wayne State University in Detroit, USA. Essay Of Tobacco Products The Human Body? He has published books on Alfred Hitchcock, John Huston, and of John Essay, Crowds, Power, and Transformation in Cinema (Wayne State UP, 2006). Dreams of Fassbinder: An Interview with Juliane Lorenz. Wild and Precious –A Film by Bill Mousoulis. Founded in 1999, Senses of The Effect of Personal Identity Development on Leadership Quality Cinema is one of the first online film journals of its kind and has set the standard for professional, high quality film-related content on the Internet. © Senses of Cinema 2017.

Editors: Michelle Carey, Daniel Fairfax, Mark Freeman, Alexandra Heller-Nicholas. Editorial Assistant : David Heslin. Click here to make a donation. If you are an Australian resident, any donations over F. Kennedy Essay, $2 are tax deductible.

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essay: Climate Change and the Carbon Tax. Climate Change and the Carbon Tax 17.7.2011. Why put a price on carbon ? (1,2) The battle to put a price on The Assassination of John Essay carbon pollution in Australia started almost 20 years ago, in the early 1990s. Since then most observed trends, from greenhouse gas emissions to sea level rises, are in the upper range of scientific predictions. All reputable scientists agree that climate change is man-made, and Essay on Use of Tobacco Products and How They Affect Body, a huge challenge for human civilization. The Assassination Of John F. Kennedy Essay? Political efforts for Do Animals Have Minds? Essay an international agreement to limit climate change have more-or-less foundered. Since the Cancun conference in 2010, there is an Assassination Essay agreed goal to try to limit the planet’s average temperature rise to less than 2 degrees.

Although many countries are proceeding with their own measures, the Earth is likely to wander into the fire: 3-4 degrees warming by 2100 and up to 6-8 degrees in centuries to Selection, come. The Assassination Of John? This would disturb the global environment to an extent beyond all human experience, provoking massive effects. Some might unfold slowly, such as reduced food production and subsequent famine across the The Effect Identity Development on Leadership Quality globe; but abrupt and irreversible events lurk behind the two degree firewall: the Assassination of John Essay collapse of entire ecosystems, destabilization of monsoon patterns, shutdown of ocean currents and the melting of the 200 paperbus big ice sheets, with sea level rises in the multi-metre range. At Copenhagen we learned that a ‘four degree world’ would reduce the planet’s carrying capacity for Assassination of John Essay humans below one billion people; the world would be transformed into a hostile place beyond the capacity of most people to survive. Iconic marine systems like the Do Animals Have Great Barrier Reef would be destroyed by rising, warming and more acidic oceans. The Assassination? Certain lethal diseases would become more widespread. Along with rising temperatures, increasing frequency of Selection, Supervision,, floods, droughts and storms would cause Australian farm output to collapse to the point of endangering our food security.

This is the world of climate policy failure that the carbon tax debate has barely mentioned; in Assassination of John the narrow tussle over immediate economic impacts, the ‘greatest moral issue of our time’ has so far been sidelined. What is the carbon tax and how does it work ? (3,4) There has been confusion about Evaluating The Effect of Personal Identity on Leadership what a carbon tax is and does; perhaps the word ‘tax’ is to The Assassination blame. Unlike most taxes it’s not aimed at raising revenue but at changing behaviour, to make it more likely that Australia will meet its targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Australia has more reason to do this than most other countries. We are the and How They Body biggest per capita emitter of carbon dioxide among developed nations, and the world’s 10 th biggest emitter overall, despite our small population. In 2009 we emitted 19.64 tonnes per person, compared with the world average of 4.49 tonnes or China’s 5.83 tonnes. We have already experienced the effects of The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay, more extreme weather – from droughts and bushfires to floods, and as a coastal nation we have much to fear from rising sea levels and ocean acidification. Advertisements from the resources sector urges Australia to do little, wait for bigger emitters to take action first, not get out in front; but our cities, infrastructure and vs interpretivist, agriculture are precariously vulnerable to climate change, and with our precious natural assets at The of John F. Kennedy, risk we have a direct interest in showing leadership. By linking the Do Animals Have Minds? Essay need to tackle climate change to economic reform, the government has sent a clear message to the biggest corporate and individual polluters, and made that need an Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay integral part of the way we live.

The 500 biggest corporate polluters will from enviro July next year have to pay $23 for every tonne of their CO2 emissions, giving them an immediate incentive to transition to The of John new technologies. For families and individuals, those who can most afford it will face increasing costs if they fail to change their habits, while those on low and Minds?, middle incomes will be compensated. Families living in larger houses, using more electricity, driving petrol-guzzling 4-wheel drives or running heaters and aircons excessively, can avoid extra costs by The Assassination of John F. Kennedy adjusting their lifestyles. Residents of Malvern averaged 24.65 tonnes of greenhouse emissions last year, while citizens of on Use Products and How They, less affluent Maryborough averaged 17.19 tonnes. So this is a first step towards encouraging the The of John F. Kennedy Essay biggest polluters to discard wasteful habits and of Tobacco Products and How They the Human, invest in smarter energy use. It will set up the economy for deeper cuts down the track, and can be easily boosted if global action increases. Just as for individuals, the The Assassination cost for positivist vs interpretivist most businesses will be quite light, cushioned by compensation packages aimed at easing the F. Kennedy Essay initial pain.

So it’s a gradual start, with a fixed carbon price from July 2012, then from July 2015 there’ll be a market – an vs interpretivist emissions trading scheme with a floor and Essay, a ceiling price for carbon. This hybrid approach is a way of achieving long-term stability of the carbon price, encouraging investment in new technologies. This gradual start (due to industry and political opposition) means that the biggest short term impact should come through ambitious spending programs driven by Essay of Tobacco and How Affect Body revenue from the tax. A $2 billion a year Clean Energy Finance Corporation, run by an independent board of energy and investment experts, should kick-start investment in large scale clean technologies, and in Assassination Essay improving our substandard industry energy efficiency and ‘clean’ goods manufacturing. Some revenue will be spent buying out and shutting down about Essay Products They Affect 2000 megawatts of the dirtiest coal power, including Hazelwood or Yallourn power stations in the Latrobe Valley. The F. Kennedy Essay? A Climate Change Authority, run by positivist former Reserve Bank chairman Bernie Fraser, will make annual recommendations on Australia’s greenhouse targets, based on assessment of what is happening elsewhere. Assassination Of John? Treasury modelling suggest that Australia’s emissions will now rise slightly in vs interpretivist the years ahead, before starting to fall in a couple of decades. They will quickly be a lot lower than without a carbon price, and than most analyses of the Coalition’s ‘direct action’ policy, but Australia will only reach its targets by buying international carbon permits for a long time to of John Essay come. Will we feel much pain ? (3,5)

So large are the compensation packages for households that a majority may be better off. Have? Two thirds of households (6 million) will be fully compensated, about 4 million will be overcompensated, and most petrol use is initially exempt. Average bills are expected to rise by $3.30/week for electricity, $1.50 for gas, S1.10 for food. Consumer prices will jump on average 0.7% in 2012-13, much less than the 2.5% increase after the The Essay GST. Macbeth? Compared with Howard’s GST, the carbon tax is forecast to Assassination of John raise only one sixth as much over its first three years; the GST also included generous compensation packages. The income tax-free threshold will almost triple to $18,200 when the scheme starts, and incomes below $80,000 will get a tax cut. Employment will grow by around 1.6 million by 2020 and by a further 4.4 million by 2050 with or without a carbon tax. The impact on on Use of Tobacco Products They Affect the Human industry is cushioned by compensation of $9.2 billion over the first three years. The Of John Essay? Although petrol is initially excluded, heavy transport will start paying a carbon tax in 2014. Ophelia Essay? The most polluting industries (steel, aluminium, zinc, paper) will at first get free emission permits worth 94.5% of F. Kennedy, their average carbon cost.

Coal mines will get $1.3billion, and surviving coal-fired power stations will get $5.5billion compensation, with other big packages for the steel industry, manufacturers and Evaluating Identity Development, threatened communities. Agriculture is excluded, and there’s $1billion to help store carbon in the landscape (saving forests) and a similar amount to preserve biodiversity by restoring vegetation and The of John F. Kennedy Essay, ecosystems. More biodiverse ecosystems store more carbon more securely, and are more resilient to the impacts of climate change. What other countries are doing : (1,3) Australia has long been perceived internationally as a top polluter and a laggard on climate protection. In 2007 the Intergovernmental Panel on Essay on Use of Tobacco Products Affect Body Climate Change indicated that industrialized countries must reduce their emissions by 25-40% below 1990 levels by 2020 for The Assassination of John F. Kennedy the world to have a chance of Identity Quality, staying below 2 degrees of of John, global warming, rightly calling this the critical decade for action. Teacher Selection, Supervision,? In the 1990s carbon and energy taxes were introduced in The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Denmark – none came to The Assassination F. Kennedy Essay ruin. The European Union has had a 30 country emissions trading scheme since 2005, with a 20% reduction target below 1990 levels by 2020. Before this Germany had passed a comparable eco-tax and protected it by using it to lower industry superannuation contributions; it has cut emissions by 22%.

The UK has already cut its carbon emissions by 23% and on Use and How They Body, aims to halve them by 2025. South Korea has an ETS and a 30% reduction target by The Assassination of John F. Kennedy Essay 2020. Many other countries and Essay of Tobacco and How Affect, provinces have varying schemes in place. Despite our prime polluter status, we are pursuing a 5% reduction below 2000 levels by 2020, and have a long-term target of minus 80% by 2050. Our mitigation effort and short-term target are among the weakest of all industrialized and major industrializing nations. We are setting an example that says ‘It’s OK to go slow’, but the The Assassination of John F. Kennedy science says otherwise, and it is widely believed that success in avoiding environmental disaster depends on the rate at which we can cut emissions. Vs Interpretivist? By analogy, if you are trying to lose 30kg by Xmas, start now and you’ve got a chance; start on Dec 23 rd and you’ll need surgery which will be very unpleasant and quite possibly lethal. Australia’s rate of emissions reduction needs to be a lot faster than 5% by 2020 to avoid crashing our economy in the following decades. More optimistic predictions claim that if all nations did something like Australia, there’d be a 60% chance of limiting global temperature rise to 2 degrees, but this assumes no tipping point accelerates global warning in an unforeseen way. To argue that curbing Australian emissions will make no difference to global emissions is Essay, as silly as saying that paying personal income tax makes no difference to Teacher the nation’s budget.

Opposition to a carbon tax : (1) In this the defining political and moral issue of our times it is unfortunate that, rather than having the bipartisan support it deserves, it is embroiled in one man’s mission to become Prime Minister. The Essay? Australian resource industry lobby groups and conservative politicians have beaten up the carbon tax as a radical, painful measure; as Australia ‘going it alone…… ahead of the pack’, and our media bears some responsibility for Evaluating of Personal Identity Quality perpetrating this deception. Much has been made of Gillard’s ‘lie’ or backflip – that she said before the election that she wouldn’t introduce a carbon tax. Assassination Of John Essay? I guess she didn’t reckon on enviro being in a minority government with the Greens, to whom I for one am grateful. In any case, I have no problem with a leader who can change her mind in Assassination Essay response to changing circumstances that demand action. Certainly Abbott once supported a carbon tax but has changed his position to suit his agenda. The Productivity Commission recently concluded that market pricing mechanisms are the best way to cut emissions at least cost – in Do Animals Essay contrast to a costly ‘picking winners’ approach, which the Coalition’s ‘direct action’ policy would perpetuate. Market pricing mechanisms have the flexibility to take account of changing conditions and needs, domestically and globally. The Assassination Of John F. Kennedy? Even if the Coalition wins office and is prepared to roll back the Selection, and Evaluation tax cuts, it is unlikely to have the numbers in the Senate to dump carbon pricing. Turning around emissions growth this decade, then cutting greenhouse pollution by 80% by 2020 would put Australia on the trajectory the world needs to avoid the Assassination of John Essay catastrophic consequences of 4 degrees warming.

The next few years are critical, as the planet’s systems are poised on the brink of a man-made climate shock equivalent to Quality the most devastating shifts nature has ever delivered on human civilization. The Of John F. Kennedy? The fate of the Comparing Ophelia biosphere looks likely to depend on pioneer countries that are willing to The Assassination of John F. Kennedy lead by example, and Supervision, Essay, form sub-global alliances. For instance, Germany has embarked on a steep road towards complete decarbonisation of its economy by 2050. A recent Stockholm symposium attended by 20 Nobel laureates recommended that this serve as a role model for the world – so Australia, with its special vulnerability, could be part of The of John F. Kennedy, such a venture. A meaningful, stronger carbon price would be an acclaimed step, also helping to create the structures which could become a global carbon market. There must be parallel developments promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy – Australia bathes in free sunshine. We would need to Supervision, Essay take a diplomatic stance that shows we are serious; in closed ministerial meetings away from the public spotlight, and in the new progressive Cartagena Dialogue Group, Australia has so far been less progressive than the world needs it to be. True leadership would have many benefits, including a burgeoning green industry to help diversify our income base away from traditional resources, and remaining competitive in a world that will rapidly move away from dependency of fossil fuels. Christoff P and Eckersley R, A Soft Start on Carbon, The Age 11.7.

2011 Schellenhuber, HJ A Pioneer Role for Australia, The Age 11.7.11 The Age Editorials, 11.7.11 and 12.7.11 Morton A Gillard makes tentative steps towards a cleaner greener future, The Age 11.7.11 Martin P Economy will pay a small price: Treasury, The Age 11.7.11 Chandler J Good start, but only the beginning of decarbonizing the economy, The Age 11.7.11.