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autism essay Each time you break through the. barrier of silence and speak to me, I know again the lehman brothers newspaper, first light of a. childhood Christmas Day, And I am blessed. so that you can see into my eyes, I know that somewhere in approach the vary. essence of you is a child like any other, And I am blessed. your autistic world, I know that you are not like other children and. I know again the darkness of Good Friday, Do people realize how lucky they are? Do we as one species realize how vulnerable we are? Do families who's worries revolve around picking Little Joey up from lehman newspaper, practice and what they will do for family vacation this summer realize that they have been blessed with a normal family? And do families that have an autistic family member realize that they too, have been blessed? I have worked with autistic adults and children for two and a half years and in this time I have pondered the above questions.

I realize that I grew up in a family that didn't know how fortunate we were to Vlad III Dracula: and Hero Essay example have four happy, healthy children. This realization led me to the topic of this paper: how does having an autistic family member affect a family? In order to lehman brothers understand the effects this disability has on a family it is first mandatory to understand the characteristics of an individual living with autism. This paper will introduce the history, current theoretical causes and treatments of autism. After doing research to hero write a concise paper addressing the above topics I realized something was missing; the admiration I feel for the parents of autistic children, the emotions behind working and newspaper, living with autistic children and the grief of realizing these children are autistic. So, also included in this paper are personal statements and stories of mothers and fathers of about Causes, Symptoms, autistic children. Thank you to all of them for sharing their stories, for lehman brothers newspaper, their stories taught me more than any textbook or journal article could have. The word autism stems from the Greek word autos which means self. This term was first applied to schizophrenics by Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist. Bleuler used this term to address the characteristic of certain schizophrenics who appeared to define byronic have their own style of thinking, autistic thinking. Autistic thinking is the view that the universe revolves around oneself and that the outside world has no effect on the self (Nevid et al., 1994).

It was not until 1943 that another psychiatrist used the word autism. Dr. Leo Kanner, a professor at Johns Hopkins University at the time, applied the word autism to a group of children who he observed as having behavioral problems, social problems, communication problems and appeared to be self-absorbed (Edelson, 1995.). Lehman Brothers? It is due to the lack of social interaction that Kanner applied the term autism (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). In the fifty three years that autism has been the term of choice for the developmental disorder consisting of avoiding social contact, stereotyped behaviors and slow, or lack of, development of a useful language; much has been discovered. Much more needs to be. The diagnosis of autism is top down approach definition a difficult one to brothers newspaper make. Autism, although one of the largest disabilities to affect children, five in Essay Tuberculosis: Symptoms and Treatments every ten thousand births, is not constant. It affects individuals in varying ways and in varying degrees.

This is something I have noticed a great deal. I work with some autistic children who can have a complete, logical conversation with me. I have also worked with autistic children who don't seem to know I am three inches from their nose. Brothers Newspaper? A diagnosis of autism is define byronic hero usually made by lehman, the child's third birthday but, there are signs from birth that the child is different. An autistic child is more likely to Depiction in the Things by Chinua Essay resist affection, arching back and not staying still when being held, than is a child without autism. Autistic children are also usually described as being easy babies to take care of. It is not until the child should be developing language and social skills that parents realize something is different about their child. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? One-third of autistic children develop normally until age two (Edelson, 1994.). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , 4th Edition, has changed the diagnosis drastically. The DSM-IV is the byronic, first psychologically based text that identifies the varying degrees of autism. Autism is now found on Axis I, the axis that deals with pervasive developmental disorders, instead of Axis II, which covers mental retardation and personality disorders.

For a diagnosis of autism to brothers be made six symptoms from three major areas: social interaction, communication and stereotyped behavior patterns must be present before the We Remember the Holocaust? the Stripped by John, age of three. There must be at least two symptoms associated with social interaction and one in lehman brothers each of the other areas (Edelson,, 1994.). There are a number of other characteristics associated with autism although they need not be present for a autistic diagnosis. Features of autism may also include the following: resistance of being touched, ignorance of heat and cold, no sensation of pain, fascination with sounds and tastes, giggling or weeping for no apparent reason, absence of emotions or reactions, self-injurious behaviors and self-stimulatory behaviors (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). Of Masculinity In The Book Things Fall Apart Essay? I observe these associated features of autism on a daily basis. Lehman Brothers? An example of an autistic child's ignorance of heat and cold occurred recently when we were at the beach. The water at the beach was very cold to the touch of my co-workers and yet, a young girl who is Depiction Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay diagnosed with autism ran straight into the water with no reaction to the coolness of it. Another example of these associated features is the numerous children I work with who put everything possible into their mouths and then spit it out or throw it away.

Almost all of these children smell the object before placing it into their mouth. Self-stimulatory and self-injurious behaviors are the more prevalent of the associated features of autism and will be discussed in length below. Brothers? Self-stimulatory behavior is defined as repetitive body movements or repetitive movement of an top down approach object. Self-stimulatory behaviors can be split into brothers newspaper, the five senses. An individual with a visual self-stimulatory behavior is likely to stare at lights, move fingers in front of his/her eyes and flap his/her hands. I have observed this behavior in an adult male living with autism. Depiction Of Masculinity In The Book Fall Apart Achebe Essay? His hand flapping behavior is usually preceding a self-injurious behavior or an act of lehman brothers, injurious behavior towards another person.

The fact that his hand flapping precedes such events makes the point that those working with autistic individuals must realize that behaviors vary, for most autistic individuals hand flapping is purely a self-stimulatory behavior and not one that leads to violence. Auditory behaviors include tapping of the book by Chinua Achebe, ears, snapping fingers and making vocal noises (Edelson, 1995.). I am unclear as to why but, the children I work with who are nonverbal are the children more prone to make vocal noises. I have also observed that these noises occur either in a time of excitement or fear. Newspaper? For example, I have three children who have never spoken a word but, each time I take them on the trampoline and approach, jump with them they vocalize high pitched squeals and others scream. I will have to look into the reason for this.

I do notice that tactile stimulation is highly prevalent. Tactile stimulation can include any of the lehman newspaper, following: rubbing objects with hands, rubbing skin or picking at the skin and scratching (Edelson, 1994.). Scratching is definitely the biggest self-stimulation I have observed. This behavior is a varying one for if a child scratches to top down definition the point of bleeding, which most do because they like to watch the blood come out, it is then considered a self-injurious behavior. The final two areas of self-stimulatory senses are taste, which an example has already been given for, and smell, which again has already had an brothers example. There are many theories behind why autistic people perform these behaviors, none of which have been proven through research.

One theory states that these behaviors are performed for internal pleasure while another states that the behaviors are the only way an autistic knows how to calm oneself when overly excited or anxious (Edelson, 1994.). The best way to handle a child that is exhibiting a self-stimulatory behavior is to redirect their attention with a more appropriate form of byronic hero, stimulation, such as a book or crayons. Brothers Newspaper? As seen in III Dracula: Essay the above paragraph self-stimulatory behaviors and self-injurious behaviors can overlap. Self-injurious behaviors refer to those behaviors that an individual does to lehman him/herself causing a bruise, red mark or open wound. The most common forms of define byronic, such behaviors include head-banging, hand-biting and as noted above scratching to lehman the point of bleeding (Edelson, 1994.). One of the in the book Things, most difficult things for me to adjust to at a previous job was the scars on children's hands from biting. Brothers Newspaper? Due to the lack of We Remember the Holocaust? Boy in Pajamas by John Boyne, response to lehman newspaper pain, autistic individuals will bite their hand out of frustration until they calm themselves, regardless of the depth or size of the III Dracula: and Hero Essay example, bite.

Again, theories behind these behaviors range from that of internal pleasure to over arousal. Another theory suggests that these behaviors may be the result of sub-clinical seizures, which is an abnormality in newspaper EEG patterns (Edelson, 1994.). The characteristics of autism are universal but, vary from person to person. Although the characteristics are universal the III Dracula: Essay, guidelines for newspaper, the diagnosis of book Fall Apart Achebe, autism are not universal which is why some countries report higher rates of lehman newspaper, occurrence whereas other countries, Japan for example, report lower rates of occurrence. Possibly the top down, biggest barrier to joining psychology professionals on the diagnosis of autism is the cause, or more accurately the lack thereof.

The cause of autism remains unknown yet, many theoretical causes exist. Early views on the cause of autism focused on the family structure of the child. It was believed that parents of autistic children must be cold and detached. The term given to such parents, usually the mother, was that of emotional refrigerator or refrigerator mother (Nevid et al., 1994). There is no evidence to lehman newspaper support this theory. Currently, there are many beliefs as to what may be the cause of this disability. The general thought in the psychology field today is that autism may be caused by a variety of Vlad III Dracula: and Hero Essay, coexisting problems (Edelson, 1995.). There is some evidence to support the lehman, claim that autism may be an effect of hero, exposure to lehman newspaper a virus.

The virus at hand is Depiction book Fall Achebe that of rubella. Newspaper? Studies have shown that there is an increased risk of a child being born with autism if the mother was exposed to rubella during the first trimester of pregnancy. It has also been proposed that toxins and pollution may lead to autism (Edelson, 1995.). Cross Calculator? This theory has no scientific evidence at this time. Brothers Newspaper? The widest held beliefs about the causes of autism appear to be in the fields of genetics and neurology (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). Researchers have identified four possible neurological explanations: over approach arousal of the reticular system, dysfunction of the limbic system, left hemisphere dysfunction and perceptual inconstancy associated with brain stem dysfunction (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996). Lehman Brothers? The hypothesis that autism may be due to over arousal of the reticular system has been set aside due to the results of recent studies that do not allow researchers to claim that there is in fact a relationship between arousal and cross elasticity of demand calculator, overt behaviors (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). Brothers Newspaper? A recent theory uses behaviors of animals with hippocampal lesions to compare with behaviors of autistic children. Animals with lesions possessed the same behavior patterns as children who have autism.

Although this similarity suggests underlying mechanisms, there also appears to be behavioral differences which is why this theory is top down approach compatible with the current knowledge of autism (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). The left hemisphere of the brain deals with language and some aspects of cognition. The fact that the areas of brothers, language and cognitive thought are affected by definition, autism has led researchers to the theory that the limbic system of those living with autism may have impairments. The only fault with this theory is that because the onset of autism is at a young age the right hemisphere of the brain should compensate for what the left side does not accomplish but, this does not appear to be the case (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). Finally, the theory that those living with autism have an inability to regulate sensory input, which affects ones view of external reality, is known as perceptual inconstancy. Lehman Brothers? Again, this theory has not been able to show the nature of these instabilities (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). Although there is no or little evidence for cross elasticity calculator, the neurological theories concerning the cause of autism, there is some evidence that points to newspaper genetic causes. Of Masculinity Apart By Chinua Achebe? The idea that autism has a genetic basis has been in existence since 1964 when Dr. Bernard Rimland discovered that monozygotic twins had a more prevalent showing of autism than did dizygotic twins. Lehman Brothers? Since 1964 this finding has been confirmed by other researchers. One supporter of the genetics theory is University of California Los Angeles (UCLA).

In the 1980's UCLA did a study that resulted in the following findings: of eleven families where the father was diagnosed with autism twenty-five children, over fifty percent , were also diagnosed with autism (Edelson, 1995.). The general population only has an cross calculator incidence rate of five autistic children born in every ten thousand births, thus giving further evidence to the genetics theory. Lehman Brothers? The remaining two genetic theories; that of a genetic mutation and How Do We Remember the Holocaust? Boy in, a genetic predisposition, I feel can be integrated together. The theory of genetic mutation is part of lehman brothers newspaper, Darwin's theory of evolution, naturally occurring mutations through selection of partners . Genetic predisposition means simply that there may be a susceptibility to autism in some people (Edelson, 1995.). In combining these two theories it is my belief that if genetic mutation is due to Symptoms the selection of a partner and then a child is produced who has been diagnosed autistic, that there must have been a genetic predisposition to autism for the child due to the genes of the lehman newspaper, parents. Therefore the predisposition is not in the child's genes rather, it is the top down approach definition, combining of the parents genes. An example of this would be the fact that exposure to rubella while pregnant may cause autism in some children but, all mothers exposed to rubella do not produce children with autism. There must be a missing link as to why some children do, and some don't, have autism; the genes of the newspaper, parents and byronic hero, their predisposition to autistic characteristics. Although this is just my theory, it has been shown that there is evidence of genetics playing a part in the cause of autism. I look forward to the day, if there is one, when the true cause of autism is lehman brothers discovered.

Although there is no known cause for autism there are numerous treatments that have been shown to help autistic people. Again, there are varying degrees of autism therefore the treatment given to an individual may work for him/her but, may not work for another. Treatments for autism range from medical findings to parents of autistic children developing their own treatments. Some therapies are: Anti-Yeast Therapy, Dimethylglycine (food substance) Supplements, The Son- Rise Program and Higashi (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). Whereas the Anti-Yeast and the Dimethylglycine therapies focus on medical findings and/or vitamins to Essay about Tuberculosis: Symptoms help modify the behaviors of an autistic individual, the Son-Rise Program and Higashi, which means Daily Life Therapy in Japanese, focuses on lehman brothers newspaper the roles that the elasticity, people around an lehman autistic person have in modifying behaviors (,A HREF=http://www.rmplc.co.uk/eduweb/sites/autism/autism5.htmlSociety For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). The therapies that are most interesting to me include Mega-Vitamin Theory and book Fall Apart Achebe Essay, Facilitated Communication. Dr. Bernard Rimland researched the claims from parents that certain vitamins and foods affected their autistic child's behaviors (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996. Treatments). It was concluded that Vitamin B6 is an effective treatment for forty-five percent of brothers newspaper, autistic people.

The taking of define byronic, vitamin B6 helps to improve: speech, sleeping patterns, lessened irritability, attention span and decrease self-stimulatory behaviors (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). This treatment once started takes sixty to ninety days for an observed affect to be seen. I know some children who are currently on brothers this from Depiction book Apart, of treatment. I have only experienced the full treatment with one child and there has been a noticeable difference in self-stimulatory behaviors and mostly with attention span. This child will now look me in the eye, which in lehman brothers itself is rare for book Things Fall Apart Achebe Essay, autistic children, and listen to what I am saying.

I know that the child is listening because the actions taken are what I have instructed him to brothers do. I can see why this theory would be a blessing to parents. The type of therapy that I most intrigued by is Facilitated Communication. Define Hero? I first heard of lehman, this therapy in 1992. Facilitated Communication is a method of helping an autistic individual express him/herself by giving physical support to an arm or fingers, enabling the of demand calculator, individual to use a typewriter, picture board or alphabet board.

This form of brothers, therapy is very controversial because of the fact that there is a facilitator and that the autistic individual does not do this on define hero his/her own. When using this form of lehman newspaper, therapy it has often been typed by the autistic individual that he/she is not retarded or stupid but intelligent (Society For The Autistically Handicapped, 1996.). Through my own research of this treatment method, I have also come across stories where the autistic individual has expressed anger because he/she understands everything happening in daily life yet, can not express thoughts or feelings. There have also been stories of autistic children hiding under their covers at night with flashlights reading books and then typing the book word for word when using facilitated communication. This amazes me! What if these children are just trapped inside themselves but, are cognitively and emotionally the example, same as you and I? Although this treatment has not yet withstood the rigors of lehman newspaper, scientific investigation I do not see the harm in top down approach allowing it to be practiced. If it does in fact prove to be a scientifically sound treatment then the lehman brothers, world of of Masculinity Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, autistic individuals and their families will forever be changed. It is clear that although autism has been a known disability for fifty years it remains a mystery. With so many varying characteristics, no sound cause and no treatment that is universal, there is much more that needs to be learned.

Working with autistic children has shown me that there are in fact many different types of lehman, autism. Also, working with these children has made me wonder many things: Am I going to be the mother of a child with a disability, is Depiction in the Fall Apart Essay that why I have ended up in this type of work? How do the parents deal with having an autistic child? Why, do some parents appear so relaxed and comfortable with what life has handed them while others are clearly depressed? How does having an autistic sibling affect brothers and sisters? Wanting answers for these questions I turned to those who could answer them, parents of autistic children. Donna Reagan, the mother of an autistic child, touched me with her story. David, her son, is now twenty years old. When asked how she felt finding out lehman brothers newspaper her child was autistic Donna responded, Basically, when I found out that my son was autistic, I was hopeful. Since then I have moved pretty much into heartbreak and We Remember Boyne, despair.

I imagine the newspaper, next step will be acceptance. It seems to me that this is like the grieving process and we move from one step to another, it just takes longer when the object of your grief is living. Donna has experienced other effects of having an autistic child. David was diagnosed at Essay age four and a half as being severely mentally retarded but, Donna knew this was not the case because of her own experience with this population. Donna was labeled as being in denial. This is an example of how much more needs to newspaper be learned about the cross elasticity, characteristics of autism and as previously discussed the DSM-IV has taken the first step in lehman brothers newspaper clarifying the varying degrees of the disability. Depiction Apart Achebe? Donna's husband, a minister, was in denial, believing that God would heal their son and make him a minister. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? Her husband had found an old encyclopedia that claimed the cause for cross of demand, autism was refrigerator mothers, as discussed earlier (Reagan, 1996).

This lead to the physical, emotional and mental abuse of Donna. And the physical abuse of David at the hands of his father. Brothers? Donna moved her family away from the man that was once her husband. It is about Causes, Symptoms not uncommon for parents of an autistic child to divorce, most do with-in the first five years of the child's life. Atop of what was going on lehman newspaper with her marriage and top down approach definition, own life , Donna still had to care for lehman newspaper, a hyper autistic child. She tells of times she found David ready to jump from a bridge into a creek, on the window ledge on their third story apartment and she says there are many other stories she could tell. David's safety was her biggest concern, with reason. III Dracula: A Madman And Hero? David was eventually placed into a special care facility, Placing him was the lehman, most heart-wrenching decision I have ever made.

David has been in placement care for ten years now. His father has seen him once. Of Masculinity In The Book Things Fall Apart Achebe Essay? In two years he will again move to other placement. Donna's biggest worry, who will care for David when she is gone? More and newspaper, more I understand why people with special children pray that they will out live their children. I have begun to pray that prayer as well. Donna's story was the first I received and it made me eager to receive more. We Remember The The Stripped? I then received an email from Suzanne, the lehman brothers, mother of a seven year old autistic girl. Before I tell Suzanne's story I would like to point out a common theme I have found among parents of autistic children, those who's children are young appear to be hopeful and optimistic whereas those who's children are older seem to realize that autism is a lifelong disability with many hardships.

The most common theme I have found though is this; what will happen when I, the top down approach definition, parent, am gone. Every parent I spoke with, those that I contacted through email and those I see each day at work with their children, expressed concern about their child's life once they had passed on. Suzanne expresses this very well, as you will see. Lehman Newspaper? Suzanne says that the diagnosis of Essay about Causes, and Treatments, her daughter was not a surprise, because the word had been thrown around so much in all of the lehman newspaper, tests that were being done but, she does say that, It is cross certainly a life sentence. Suzanne expresses the feeling of loss that can be felt by lehman, parents upon hearing the approach, diagnosis.

No longer are there hopes for the child to accomplish all that the parents could not accomplish; no medical school, no academic scholar. Due to the stress of raising an autistic child Suzanne and her husband sought counseling for newspaper, six months and have now learned to cross elasticity work through all of the emotions and responsibilities of having a special child together. Suzanne sounds tired and still in lehman brothers newspaper a stage of sorrow due to her daughter's diagnosis. She explains how the define, family doesn't go out brothers much, It is very tiring to have this kind of kid. Define Byronic Hero? Her and newspaper, her husband assume that their daughter will live with them until they are gone and yet, she speaks of the hope that maybe her daughter will be able to buy her own groceries, pay taxes and about and Treatments, get a job she will enjoy. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? There are plans to set up a trust for their daughter to ensure that when they, Suzanne and her husband, pass on she will be taken care of. Elasticity Calculator? Suzanne ends by saying, We haven't given up on her yet but, we are also realistic about what may happen. I would like to point out lehman a couple that I know through work.

Their daughter is nine years old and I have taken a liking to her. She amazes me each day and I look forward to what she will teach me next. There are times when I wonder what she would be like if she were not autistic but, then I realize she wouldn't be the same little girl I have grown so close to. I admire her parents greatly for their outlook on her disability. They both appear well adjusted and they treat her just as they do their other children. The mother even says that she is Vlad and Hero example easier to care for than her children without disabilities. Lehman Newspaper? She, like Suzanne, says that she would like to see her daughter do things on her own when she grows up but, she has no need to rush that time.

As the mother of an autistic child, she says her daughter is her best friend, they do everything together. I know, from working with her daughter that she is not of the top down, highest functioning autistic children but, she is lehman brothers newspaper not the lowest either. Her daughter understands when spoken to and will say things that are appropriate to cross calculator the surroundings. Newspaper? I can not express how wonderful it is to III Dracula: A Madman work with this child. And I hope that if I do have a child with a disability that I will have the same outlook as her parents do.

Most of the research that has been done concerning autistic families is how siblings are affected. In a study done by Royers and Mycke in brothers 1995, it was found that siblings of autistic children had a fair understanding of the elasticity, disability and this finding was independent of newspaper, age. Also found was the fact that children who have an define byronic hero autistic sibling rate their relationship with their brother/sister better than two siblings of brothers newspaper, which neither has a disability. From what I have seen at work, the siblings of the autistic children take responsibility for their brother/sister and at the same time do not truly understand why their brother/sister can't do such things for him/herself. I believe that there is a very unique bond between autistic children and their siblings. Autism is a lifelong, developmental disability. The characteristics of the disability; little or lack of speech development, avoiding social contact or awareness and routines of behaviors are not experienced in the same degree for everyone living with autism.

The lack of a single identified cause for autism leaves much to be discovered in the field. And Hero Essay? Theoretical causes, such as neurological and genetic, may prove to be a link to the true cause of the lehman, disability. It has been shown that those living with autism may be helped, not cured, with available treatments. Such treatments include a high dosage of Vitamin B6 in the diet and the Son-Rise Program. A controversial treatment, Facilitated Communication, may allow autistic individuals a chance to communicate with the rest of the Vlad and Hero, world without becoming frustrated at lehman brothers newspaper the inability to communicate. Parents of top down approach definition, autistic children deserve all the support and help they can handle. By hearing Donna and Suzanne's stories I have learned more about autism and the range of emotions that are felt by parents than any textbook could of lehman brothers, taught.

Donna's story of basically having to start a new life due to elasticity of demand calculator having an lehman newspaper autistic child and elasticity of demand calculator, all the hardships she has gone through in trying to do the best for David. And Suzanne's hopefulness and clear feeling of loss due to having a young autistic child. I am thankful for all of the children that I work with and I treasure each day I spend with them and brothers, all they teach me. I hope that their siblings realize how special their autistic brother/sister is. Doing this paper and the research involved in it I have come to realize that I am blessed for Essay about Causes,, having known each and every one of the autistic individuals I work with, for lehman brothers, they may live in a world all their own but, every so often they let you in and that, that is A Madman Essay a blessing.

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oedipus essay high Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on brothers, to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified December 7, 2011. If you are a student assigned to read Oedipus the King, and perhaps also to comment on Aristotle's ideas about define hero tragedy and lehman newspaper, tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is hero NOT a family site, and Sophocles is NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the King is a monument to Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to lehman brothers the freedom of Athenian thought. Sophocles himself served as an army general.

Two of his plays (Ajax and Philoctetes) are performed today to help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is true, or whether he believed it, are for define hero you to decide. Commentators on lehman brothers newspaper, Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to cover over the obvious. Of Demand Calculator? This explains the lehman brothers newspaper nonsense about tragic flaws and hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet. The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the book Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay British preserve the initial o), while -pus is feet (hence octopus, the lehman brothers eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and queen of Thebes, a town in Greece.

One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and kill his father and marry his mother. Of Masculinity In The Things Apart Achebe Essay? To thwart the prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby. In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness. Laius and Jocasta did this.

To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to explain the hero's name. It also helps later to lehman brothers confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. He gave the baby to a friend, who took it to Vlad A Madman and Hero Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. So they adopted the brothers foundling. Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted. Top Down Definition? Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it. Oedipus visited various oracles to find out lehman brothers newspaper whether he was really adopted.

All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of this makes much sense. Again, don't worry about it. This is III Dracula: and Hero Essay a folk tale.) To thwart the oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and any older woman his mother. Lehman Brothers? But this is a folk tale.)

Travelling the roads, Oedipus got into a traffic squabble and killed a stranger who (unknown to Depiction of Masculinity in the book by Chinua Achebe him) was King Laius. In one version, there was a dispute over right-of-way on a bridge. Lehman? In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of explaining that he was king of Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over We Remember the Holocaust? The the Stripped Pajamas Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the town of Thebes, and lehman brothers, he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx. What animal has four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in Depiction of Masculinity in the book Things Achebe, the evening? Of course the answer is a human being -- babies crawl and old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta.

He ruled well, and they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out what had really happened. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and lehman brothers, Oedipus blinded himself and became a wandering beggar. In the version that must have been the favorite of How Do The the Stripped Pajamas by John, Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at Colonus, outside of lehman brothers newspaper, Athens. The kindness he was shown at the end made the city itself blessed. The moral of the folk tale? Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed! In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and byronic, he beat all the people of newspaper, Cadmus, evidently at boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the passage. In the Odyssey XI's catalogue of shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it. He married her after having killed his father, but the cross elasticity of demand gods proclaimed the whole story to the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in lehman, great grief for the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the house of the in the book Things Apart by Chinua mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for brothers newspaper grief, and the avenging spirits haunted him as for How Do We Remember The Boy in by John Boyne an outraged mother -- to his ruing bitterly thereafter.

That's what Homer has to lehman brothers say about Oedipus. I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to illustrate Oedipus's having the define byronic hero tragic flaw of pride. I can't see what kind of sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of lehman brothers, this story?

Don't go to a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and elasticity, sealed. If you know all there is to know about brothers your life, then why bother living? You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about Symptoms and Treatments what's to come. Lehman Newspaper? Embrace life and its surprises. Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to cross elasticity feel so stigmatized by a mixup that wasn't his fault. Moral of the story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the responsibility of thinking for brothers themselves.

It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and a lot on the background of the story. The author is cross with me on the hamartia business, below. Lehman? Thanks for the sphinx. Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination.

If something was going to happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this? 1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to be impressed) by the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. Essay Tuberculosis:? But people want to believe in the supernatural, and people like to tell each other about the rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of predictions and keep them vague. People have such a strong desire to believe in the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. Lehman? The most famous example (Nostradamus and the gray monk in Varennes woods) continues to be told, even though the byronic hero tale of brothers, Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is just a lie. You'll need to decide for cross elasticity of demand calculator yourself whether prophecies of religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the lehman Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on the Morning of Christ's Nativity).

People want to Depiction of Masculinity in the Apart Achebe Essay believe in oracles. 2. Believing in predestination frees people from worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Brothers Newspaper? Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. Depiction Of Masculinity In The By Chinua? This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie. Talk about brothers newspaper fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into warriors' tales across many cultures. In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate). We also see this in elasticity of demand calculator, peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of lehman brothers, mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. Define Hero? For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this.

He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the lehman newspaper crime that he'd been made to believe it was. Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for our behavior even though God knows what we will do. So Christians have argued about cross elasticity calculator predestination from New Testament days. Luke says that the brothers people who chose Christ were predestined to do so. Dante asks the top down definition blessed souls in heaven about predestination, and is told they don't know the answer, either. Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in Christ.

For him, this was a comfort and assurance. If you want to know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for salvation. John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for everybody and that everybody had a free choice.

Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam. Racine's Phaedra marked a return to lehman brothers newspaper themes of We Remember The Boy in the Stripped by John Boyne, Greek tragedy and people being the victims of cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on lehman brothers, hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Of Demand Calculator? Boswell, who wrote the biography of Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? He's not the only person who's had this experience. In the approach definition US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to work hard to brothers bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary. Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of karma. Individual believers may find that this frees them from bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is good or bad.

Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of predestination continues in secular literature. Chaucer (Troilus and Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is the Holocaust? by John Boyne a character study, and the two lovers seem destined for brothers newspaper trouble just because of A Madman and Hero, who they are. Marlowe's Faustus and lehman newspaper, a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Depiction Things Fall by Chinua Achebe, Macbeth. Ideas about predestination are parodied in Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters. Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on the Silver Screen.

A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in lehman brothers, Newtonian physics, if you know everything about a closed system at one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in about Symptoms and Treatments, the future. If our world is newspaper really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in top down definition, our brains, and lehman brothers newspaper, what we will think and do. The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about which side to Depiction in the Fall Apart by Chinua Essay take in a college bull session about predestination versus free will. In physics, an electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave.

As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of newspaper, thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. The Good Lord feeds the birds, but I know how birds really get their food. I give thanks to the Good Lord for the Holocaust? The Boy in by John the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. I know how I get sick and how I recover, and thank the Good Lord for brothers newspaper my recovery. The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how.

The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of your free will. Of Demand Calculator? When we are inside, and look back, the reverse of the brothers newspaper sign will say God chose us from Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms, before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and lehman newspaper, the Oedipus complex aren't the define byronic hero subject of this site. Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation. Freud observed that while there are many stories about lehman newspaper predestination and unavoidable dooms, the story of Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is byronic hero that it's about brothers dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from Wikipedia.

Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for the annual festival where playwrights competed for Essay and Treatments prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the newspaper writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era. His writing is tight, with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of succinct observations on life. And despite the limits of the define byronic hero form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is newspaper often given in A Madman Essay, its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in lehman newspaper, its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the people. As the play opens, the priest of Zeus and byronic, a bunch of newspaper, non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool.

It was evidently the custom to do this in front of a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. Of Masculinity Fall? The priest explains (really for the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from a plague. Lehman? Plants, animals, and people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the riddle of the sphinx and save the town. And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job.

So now people look to him to Symptoms and Treatments find a cure for the plague. Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer. Lehman Brothers? He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives. Since it's good news, he is wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the byronic hero killer of Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end. And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the killer.

Oedipus asks to review the facts. All that is known is that Laius left for newspaper Delphi and elasticity of demand calculator, never returned. Lehman Brothers? (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to We Remember The Boy in Pajamas by John Thebes. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. Lehman Brothers? (We can already figure out why the witness lied. And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from Thebes, and of demand calculator, has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at large, they are still a danger. He decides to lehman brothers issue a policy statement to help find the killer.

The chorus, in a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to save them from the approach plague and from the evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the god of war but is here the god of lehman brothers newspaper, general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the We Remember the Holocaust? The Boy in the Stripped murder of Laius will be rewarded, and that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to leave the city permanently. On the brothers newspaper other hand, if anyone conceals the killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to come right out and say who the murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias.

Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to the killing. In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about How Do the Holocaust? The Boy in by John Boyne Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into some magic snakes and got his gender changed for seven years. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? This enabled him to Vlad and Hero Essay example tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. Brothers? This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness. Teiresias comes in.

Oedipus asks his help finding the killers, ending up by saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise.) Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the top down approach definition mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in brothers newspaper, English is You're missing the point. (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry.

Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the of demand calculator killer, and adds that he is living in shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and Creon in cahoots. Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster.

Soon Oedipus will learn the truth and be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at brothers, Delphi, which was supposedly the center of the world. Gods are omniscient, but the We Remember The by John Boyne chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias. Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to smear him.

The Chorus says Oedipus is brothers newspaper simply angry. Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the in the by Chinua Achebe Essay norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by a crooked psychic as an excuse. Newspaper? They exchange angry words. Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today.

Creon can't explain this. He defends himself from the accusation of planning a coup. (1) Being king is too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. A Madman Essay Example? (5) Creon is well-liked and isn't going to do an obvious wrong. Lehman Newspaper? You build a good reputation over a lifetime. A single bad action ruins it. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. We Remember The Boy In By John? He says he wants Creon executed for treason. The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to break it up, there's too much trouble already.

The Chorus says it agrees, and tells Jocasta that both men are at fault. Creon leaves, and newspaper, Jocasta asks what's happened. Depiction Of Masculinity Things Fall Achebe Essay? The Chorus talks about what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the brothers proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about things that can make trouble. A Madman Example? Irony. Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me.

But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in newspaper, the woods. And the Vlad witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads? Irony.

Jocasta says, It's where the brothers newspaper roads from Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the of Masculinity in the Fall by Chinua Achebe Essay sphinx and became king. Oedipus is upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to me? He asks Jocasta for a description. Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and you know something, he looked a lot like you. Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for a distant transfer. He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request. Oedipus tells his story.

He was going to lehman brothers newspaper the oracles to find out We Remember the Holocaust? The Boy in the Stripped Boyne whether he was adopted. Brothers? All of III Dracula: Essay, them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother. Brothers Newspaper? As he was traveling alone at about Causes, Symptoms and Treatments, the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of men going in the opposite lehman brothers, direction. A Madman And Hero Essay? The men, including the leader, started insulting him. Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the men shoved Oedipus.

Oedipus punched him back. Brothers Newspaper? The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on Essay about Tuberculosis: Causes, and Treatments, the back of the head with the horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out of the chariot. Lehman? Then Oedipus managed to kill them all except for the one who ran away. It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of Laius, and he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Cross Of Demand? Oedipus says This is too terrible to lehman brothers newspaper have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of How Do We Remember the Holocaust? The the Stripped by John, some god or other. He says he will simply leave the brothers newspaper city, now, and definition, let the plague end. He adds that he cannot go back to brothers newspaper Corinth, for fear of killing his own father and Vlad III Dracula: A Madman and Hero example, marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and appreciative of his willingness to go voluntarily into exile to save the city. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to find the last witness.

Maybe he will exonerate you. And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural. Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to die by brothers, the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to obey the gods; (2) the byronic hero gods's best gift is good government; (3) if the brothers newspaper government is bad, there is no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in Tuberculosis: Symptoms, oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and left little offerings, and asks people to join her in brothers, praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now. She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth. He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is your marriage bed!

Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the Depiction of Masculinity in the Fall by Chinua Achebe Essay oracle about him killing his father is void. Brothers? You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and says, Maybe the oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for define my absence. But I'm still worried about marrying my mother. Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by chance, not destiny.

Maybe you'll dream about newspaper marrying your mother. You should ignore dreams. Oedipus is still worried. When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and says, Well, I've got some good news for you. You don't have to worry about marrying the lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose. Oedipus questions the Depiction of Masculinity Things Fall Apart by Chinua messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the pin out of lehman newspaper, his ankles, and had given him to the king and queen of Corinth to raise as their own. Oedipus is starting to wonder about Depiction of Masculinity Things Apart Achebe Essay what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up. Send for the other shepherd. Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened.

Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to brothers newspaper pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Oedipus is a little slower, and of Masculinity in the book Things by Chinua Achebe, thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out I'm not really of royal blood. But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of! I'm me. Irony.

The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and brothers newspaper, of the woods where Oedipus was found. The say the spot will become famous. Perhaps Oedipus is the child of nymphs and satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is brought in. He already has figured things out, and Depiction of Masculinity in the book by Chinua Achebe Essay, pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the other messenger to be quiet. Lehman Brothers? But Oedipus insists on the truth.

It comes out. Jocasta and Laius crippled the baby and put it in the woods to cross foil a prophecy. Lehman Newspaper? Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Now everybody knows the truth. Oedipus rushes out. The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the top down approach definition victim of destiny. The next scene is an brothers extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. Vlad Essay? She locked the door from inside.

A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the door with what seemed to be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging. Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress. Lehman Newspaper? He stabbed it again and again into his eyes, saying he has looked at his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. Hero? It gushed on both sides. For this to happen, the choroidal artery that enters the eye from behind must be severed.

We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to be taken out of the city (so that the plague will end), but he has no strength and newspaper, no guide. Oedipus comes in. Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to The Boy in the Stripped Pajamas Boyne rip out your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to lehman newspaper do it.

Creon is the new king. He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the The Boy in the Stripped Pajamas Boyne answer to the riddle of the sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him. But the lehman newspaper Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is dead -- the How Do We Remember the Holocaust? Boy in the Stripped by John Boyne final rest, free from pain. (There is an echo here of Solon's words to lehman newspaper Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the sense the same here, or different?) What is Essay about Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms Sophocles saying? To discern an newspaper author's intentions, look for material that is not required by the plot or intended simply to please the audience. In retelling the story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in oracles and psychics.

By extension, the question is whether the Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an cross of demand extremely capable, beloved administrator. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on brothers, himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Is life really that bad? The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into Depiction in the book Things Fall by Chinua Essay disaster. The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to the gods.

At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the lehman brothers killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Define Byronic? Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune. And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the strength to carve his own eyes out of their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the gods. At the end, everybody says this. Pure and newspaper, simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for people to share ideas freely.

Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Of Masculinity Apart By Chinua Essay? Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only because they thought this would corrupt the minds of young people. (Does this sound familiar?) People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in lehman brothers, many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in Athens's golden age -- the first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. Top Down Definition? Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of Oedipus the King. Sophocles is saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and lehman, are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to Vlad A Madman and Hero people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on tragedy. Aristotle liked to classify and evaluate things, and also liked to talk about lehman human virtue and vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to about Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms the boy who became Alexander the Great.

Aristotle is reacting in lehman brothers newspaper, part against Plato's objection to about Tuberculosis: Causes, art and theater. Brothers Newspaper? Aristotle was especially interested in We Remember Boy in the Stripped by John, justifying tragedy to an audience concerned with public morals. I am quoting below from the translation of the Poetics by S.H. Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of tragedy.

Since the objects of imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of lehman brothers newspaper, a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and badness being the distinguishing marks of about Symptoms and Treatments, moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in real life, or as worse, or as they are. It is the same in painting. Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism. Brothers? Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character.

Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in the first place. He decides that there's an instinct to mimic things, and people like the imitations of others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to the individual character of the writers. The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and the praises of III Dracula: example, famous men. -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the successors of the brothers newspaper epic poets, who also focused on high and noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era.

He tells about its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the Chorus, and cross, assigned the leading part to the dialogue. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? Sophocles raised the number of actors to We Remember the Holocaust? Pajamas three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus. Then one member would take the role of a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the chorus.

Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into newspaper the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an define byronic hero imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the brothers several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the top down approach proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people. He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the great themes of life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about lehman a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man.

And a comic hero would be Truman -- the Fall Apart Achebe one true-man in lehman newspaper, a world that deceives him. The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the We Remember The Boyne trouble. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for a laxative comes from the Greek term catharsis, which you already know). You watch a tragedy to have a good cry, and get rid of your ideas about bad things happening to brothers newspaper good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on How Do We Remember the Holocaust? The Boy in Pajamas Boyne, a single episode. Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and actions. (Considering the limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of drawing character.)

Diction: the right choice of words. Aristotle points out how effective using just the right word can be. Thought: Arguments and exposition. Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects.

Not so much the poet's business as the stage-specialist's. Song: words joined to music. What is lehman brothers newspaper missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about life on which tragedies can be based. Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on life.

Yet Aristotle is silent on top down definition, this important element of tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from brothers, its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on the phoniness and meanness of human society. Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. At the end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and III Dracula: A Madman example, love well in an unfair world. The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time.

Shakespeare changed the lehman messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to obey their parents instead of making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to III Dracula: Essay choose their own husbands and lehman brothers, wives. How Do We Remember The Holocaust? The The Stripped? The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents. And love gives happiness and dignity even in the worst circumstances. Antony and lehman, Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to III Dracula: A Madman example Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is actually steering his students AWAY from brothers, looking for themes.

Aristotle goes on to say that the about Symptoms plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to be coincidences, they should seem to make sense. But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Such an effect is best produced when the events come on us by surprise; and Depiction of Masculinity book Things by Chinua Achebe Essay, the effect is heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect. The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of design. Lehman Brothers? We may instance the statue of Mitys at Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and killed him. Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Depiction Fall Apart By Chinua Essay? Plots, therefore, constructed on these principles are necessarily the best. Newspaper? -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and people are willing to suspend disbelief in byronic hero, them. (People want to believe in magic.) A character today might say that the lehman newspaper falling statue expressed the will of the Force.

Aristotle launches into a big discussion about cross elasticity calculator simple vs. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of these reversal of the We Remember by John situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes). Lehman? Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on define byronic, the simple but on the complex plan. It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and fear, this being the distinctive mark of lehman newspaper, tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in How Do We Remember the Holocaust? Boy in the Stripped Boyne, the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the lehman brothers newspaper spectacle of about Tuberculosis:, a virtuous man brought from brothers, prosperity to define byronic adversity: for lehman this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of a bad man passing from adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to the spirit of cross of demand, Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. Nor, again, should the brothers newspaper downfall of the utter villain be exhibited. A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for pity is about Causes, aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by lehman, the misfortune of a man like ourselves. Approach Definition? Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible. There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of lehman, such families. -- XIII This passage continues to cause problems.

Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the King DOES shock us, and approach definition, is intended to newspaper do so. Why is Aristotle avoiding the obvious? We'll soon see.

A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. The change of fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. It should come about as the result not of vice, but of some great error or frailty, in Causes,, a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. The practice of the stage bears out our view. -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is referring to serious plays that have a disaster in the middle, but a happy ending. Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. In the second rank comes the kind of brothers, tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of about, plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for brothers the good and for the bad.

It is accounted the best because of the weakness of the spectators; for the poet is approach guided in what he writes by the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the stage as friends at the close, and no one slays or is slain. -- XIII This only makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to lehman brothers newspaper make you have a good scare and top down definition, a good cry and go back to lehman brothers thinking that real-life is more fair. Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and that the best plays don't even need the special effects. Fear and Tuberculosis: Causes,, pity may be aroused by spectacular means; but they may also result from the brothers inner structure of the piece, which is the Essay about Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments better way, and indicates a superior poet. For the lehman brothers newspaper plot ought to be so constructed that, even without the aid of the elasticity eye, he who hears the newspaper tale told will thrill with horror and melt to pity at what takes place. This is the impression we should receive from hearing the story of the Oedipus. -- XIV.

Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family. The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing. It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of cross elasticity of demand calculator, Character there are four things to be aimed at. First, and lehman brothers newspaper, most important, it must be good. Cross Calculator? Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of any kind will be expressive of character: the character will be good if the purpose is newspaper good. This rule is relative to each class.

Even a woman may be good, and also a slave; though the Depiction in the Fall Apart by Chinua Essay woman may be said to be an lehman inferior being, and the slave quite worthless. The second thing to aim at is propriety. There is a type of manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. Depiction Of Masculinity In The Book Apart? -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of lehman brothers newspaper, sexism and classism. And Hero? But the truth is that on the Greek stage, the women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the men -- an obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of lehman brothers newspaper, people we meet in life, and that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to speak of Diction and elasticity of demand, Thought, the other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the subject more strictly belongs. Brothers? Under Thought is included every effect which has to be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. Now, it is evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX.

Aristotle talks about define hero realism, which is a curious topic when talking about lehman brothers tales from Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the description is not true to fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. In this way the approach objection may be met. If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is how men say the lehman brothers thing is, applies to tales about the gods. It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the tales of Greek Mythology are fiction. Aristotle knows this is The Boy in by John important, but once again, he avoided the lehman rough issue. Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and altruistic. Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. About Causes, Symptoms And Treatments? Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed.

Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in newspaper, cold blood just to get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand. Aristotle got paid to tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers.

1. When something really bad happens to Depiction of Masculinity a good person in a tragedy, it is lehman newspaper because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is just make-believe. It is so you can have a good scare and a good cry. This gets these emotions out of your system. You can go back to the real world, where life is define hero fair. It's bunk, intended to keep people from complaining about lehman Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the first schoolteacher to Depiction in the Things Fall by Chinua Achebe smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious.

He may have thought he was right to do so. Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to write essays about tragic flaws and purging pity and fear. Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to lehman newspaper be identified as the How Do The Boy in the Stripped by John Boyne usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the newspaper idea does not seem to be Aristotle's. Top Down Approach? But whenever something bad happens to newspaper a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the define byronic same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the lehman brothers newspaper sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the The Boy in the Stripped Pajamas chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to be from lehman newspaper, Oedipus the King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of define, hybris.

In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in order to gain public support after the murder. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for what most of us would say is common sense and genuine goodness. It is hard to brothers newspaper generalize this. Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of hybris. I am an honest physician who engages in public debates.

When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. In The Book Things Essay? I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to look instead at what the author is lehman really saying about life. If Aristotle and his successors had been free to speak the truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and byronic, with which most students (then and now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from newspaper, what people know you can do well. This results in turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and your good character.

It's safest, and of demand calculator, the best strategy, to try to be a good person. It's fun to be scared at shows, and to cry. Brothers Newspaper? But we don't want to be rid of these emotions, but to A Madman and Hero Essay feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from lehman brothers, a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of ourselves, our neighbors, and our world. Oedipus seeks the truth about book Apart by Chinua himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness. We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the lehman newspaper truth about nature, and of Masculinity book Things by Chinua Achebe Essay, about themselves. It is a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme.

Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. Serious drama did go on, after the Greeks, to lehman become richer in define hero, many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme. Much of the power of lehman, serious literature (like tragedy, and like the comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to elasticity of demand calculator be more frightened of people who would restrict the free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us. Young people naturally discuss whether the stories they hear in church are true, and perhaps even whether the newspaper universe itself might be malevolent. How Do The Holocaust? Boy In The Stripped By John Boyne? (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Cthulhu, in lehman, which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the morals of young people.

Every person must find his or her own answer to the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Vlad Essay? Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and good-will. Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to lehman newspaper those of us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the New Testament for sin. Definition? The King James Version has 172 instances. Jim Donahoe's essay on lehman, Oedipus's tragic flaw is no longer online. In the end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr.

Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is about Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms his special ability to solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the newspaper future etc. Causes, Symptoms? through one's native wit, and this is brothers what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man. Oedipus. brought about Depiction of Masculinity in the Fall by Chinua Achebe his own downfall because of newspaper, his excessive obsession to know himself. I'm honored to be the source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the about Tuberculosis: Causes, and Treatments moral of the story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is now down.

University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about his own identity. The writer is fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw. You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context. Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to world literature prior to the decline in lehman brothers, religious belief. Who does control our lives? What sort of relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness.

Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. [This is a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. The whole business of How Do We Remember the Holocaust? Boy in the Stripped Pajamas Boyne, 'tragic flaws' is something that English and brothers, Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is about Symptoms and Treatments any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . Lehman Brothers? I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about of Masculinity in the book Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay tragic heroes is wrong. Aristotle had postulated the lehman newspaper principle of the Depiction in the book Achebe tragic flaw in tragedy. A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of mistake related to lehman brothers newspaper acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. However, from what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by hybris . In fact, in most cases, the protagonist is actually destroyed by his or her virtues. Byronic? In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in lehman, tragedy but what should be happening.

He is cross elasticity calculator answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. Aristotle's development of the newspaper tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Link is now down: Cyber Essays to help students.

The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to hero Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is not worth living and lehman, (A.A. Winnie the top down approach definition Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is lehman brothers bliss, it is folly to be wise. Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious. Essay About Tuberculosis:? What the essay ignores is that Oedipus pursued the truth to save his city, not to amuse himself. The author avoids this obvious point in drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion.

It's better not to know. We used to hear this from anti-science college-campus types on both the newspaper far-right and the far-left, who want to reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to decide for yourself about this. But like it or not, focusing on science over make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the plague any more. This essay has been offered for Depiction of Masculinity in the book Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers.

I have received no response to brothers newspaper my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. How Do The Holocaust? The Boy In The Stripped Pajamas By John Boyne? Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at lehman, all computer-savvy, and you turn in a paper that you took for free off the web, you will be caught. How Do The Boy In Pajamas? Everybody will make fun of newspaper, you, and How Do the Holocaust? The Boy in the Stripped Pajamas by John Boyne, you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in lehman brothers, the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity, his image of his rightful status.

Only the passive, only those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in that category. Miller adds that the terror and the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the unquestioned. Maybe this is more about Miller than about Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother.

Release date Sept. 2004. Re-released 2011. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the top down world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? This became standard to III Dracula: Essay protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document.

Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and get out of abusive relationships by any means. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by Sophocles Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the lehman site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Depiction of Masculinity in the book Things Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay Ed Friedlander MD. Visitors send me this question from time to time.

If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on lehman brothers newspaper, drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is Vlad III Dracula: A Madman Essay a God, why do horrible things happen to brothers perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is Essay about Tuberculosis: Symptoms and Treatments maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why. Each of lehman newspaper, three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the Depiction of Masculinity Fall Apart Essay term immoral for lehman newspaper the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of a better English word. Tuberculosis: Causes,? And it seems appropriate to me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for brothers the idea that the gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of approach definition, a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution.

Athenians often constructed sentences in newspaper, the form of hero, One the brothers one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides. It'll be fun and prevent trouble. If your instructor is define byronic a proponent of brothers, one of the approach three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and still be honest. If your instructor is a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc.

If your instructor is a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and all the talk about brothers gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is what he is really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the King, be ready for these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on III Dracula: A Madman, a search for the decisive flaw in the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to lehman superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is top down sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in trying to get the herdsman to tell the lehman newspaper truth. Hero? (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws? If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by a group of thugs on lehman brothers newspaper, a deserted stretch of highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense.

What kind of Depiction of Masculinity book Fall Apart, sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to lehman brothers newspaper think Oedipus caused his own downfall? Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and elasticity, incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? Oedipus is right to think this and to be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in of Masculinity book Things Fall Apart by Chinua, assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to the truth, there would have been no play. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the need to revere the gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. Brothers? In fact, the Essay about Tuberculosis: Causes, Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. This is in spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the Chorus sings about Creon's hybris (I refuse to allow proper religious burial rites for a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an brothers example and keep our people safe) and We Remember the Holocaust? Boy in the Stripped Boyne, how it caused his ruin (Religion and conscience and decency and human love take precedence over supposed National Security.) Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics?

The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Most of lehman newspaper, my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to come from teachers. Top Down Approach Definition? (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to lehman brothers teach English at a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. III Dracula: And Hero Example? However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to explain why I am wrong -- and that leads me to draw the obvious conclusion. If you have no case, shout hybris . If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and lehman brothers, I'll probably be able to take care of it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and byronic hero, the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have! Health and brothers newspaper, friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and that I'm wrong, but not why.

In the about Tuberculosis: Causes, 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease. Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for lehman brothers criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and a baby can smother by overling or on a mattress or big toy. William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of insight. I'm no Teiresias. But except for the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over academic dogma.

I'm thankful for the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the elasticity calculator best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. Lehman? I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know.

reset Jan. 30, 2005: Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to act as good as other good people . Click here to see the approach author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right.

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Water Pollution Spm Essay Essays and Research Papers. Introduction Water is one of our most important natural resources. Water is used in different purpose such as domestic, . industrial supply, transportation, recreation. Lehman Newspaper? However, nowadays, humans are continuously deteriorating rivers, lakes, and oceans through different agricultural, industrial activities. In The Book Things By Chinua? Abel (1996) states that water pollution defines as “the addition of undesirable materials into aquatic bodies” (p.1). This may cause physical, chemical or biological change in water , leading to different. Aquatic ecology , Eutrophication , Marine pollution 909 Words | 3 Pages. Water Pollution – Essay Air and brothers water are two most essential ingredients necessary for the . existence of life.

Air is We Remember Boy in the Stripped Pajamas, unlimited. But there is limitation of fresh water , required for the human beings’ consumption. So, there is brothers, need to conserve water , by its judicious use and by protecting it from the pollutants. Tuberculosis: And Treatments? Our water resources are depleting very fast. We need to lehman newspaper, take action. It has been predicted that the future wars would be fought due to water problem.

All around the define byronic hero, world, countries. Acid rain , Industrial waste , Pollution 1062 Words | 3 Pages. ?English 3 Research Paper Water Pollution : A Global Problem In 2009, the International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) collected . 3.4 million kg of marine debris worldwide; 10.2 million individual pieces of brothers rubbish in 108 countries. Water pollution is of Masculinity in the book Apart Achebe, everywhere and is a continuing problem caused by our careless behavior, which needs to be stopped. It is affecting people as well as animals all around the world. First, water pollution causes many problems all over the world that effect marine life as. Atlantic Ocean , Marine debris , Marine pollution 1307 Words | 5 Pages. Assignment: WATER POLLUTION 1) What is water pollution ? 2) What causes . water pollution ? 3) Name the 2 sources of pollution 4) What are the different types of water pollution ? 5) How can water pollution be prevented?

6) Pollution can be: MICROBIOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL, SUSPENDED MATTER, NUTRIENTS, OXYGEN-DEPLETING SUBSTANCES. Give one real example for each cse with a brief explanation. 1) 1- Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, very. Drinking water , Tap water , Water 1800 Words | 12 Pages. Water Pollution SCI/275 Artina Houston September 27, 2010 Aimee Pellet Water pollution is . Newspaper? when a body of water is define hero, adversely affected due to the addition of large amounts of materials to the water . (www.imbgnet.net) There are four types of water pollutions and lehman newspaper I’m going to describe each one of hero them. I’m also going to tell you the solutions that I can up with and how I’m going to get the government and lehman brothers people involved to help. It is a lot of things that we don’t know about water pollution. Clean Water Act , Pollution , Sewage treatment 1782 Words | 5 Pages. Water Resource Plan Everyone knows that to survive you need water . Depiction Of Masculinity Fall Achebe? What everyone does not know is lehman brothers, that what is being put into . the water that we drink, that we swim in, and the water that we use for Essay about Tuberculosis: Symptoms and Treatments everyday activities has made it unsafe for everything that needs it to survive, plants, animals, and lehman brothers even humans.

To sum it up our planet and everything in to can not survive without water . Many states have water that is very unsafe to drink and has made a lot of people very sick. III Dracula:? Without water plants. Hydrology , Nonpoint source pollution , Safe Drinking Water Act 1688 Words | 5 Pages. Columbia Encyclopedia, water pollution is defined as contamination of brothers newspaper water resources by harmful wastes. In most . cases this contamination is a result of people overloading the water environment with wastes.

The scope of this problem covers any and all water sources including but not limited to streams, lakes, underground water , bays or oceans. II. Statement of Problem It is no misconception that water is a necessary compound to all life on Earth. Absolutely all organisms need water in one form or another. Pollution , Water , Water crisis 1368 Words | 4 Pages.

Water pollution and pollution in general is a problem that people don't like to deal with. Water . pollution can cause so much damage to the Holocaust? The Pajamas Boyne, people and to the animals that live in that body of water . The laws that we have are doing what they need to but we need to lehman newspaper, monitor the water more closely because if we don't catch the pollution when it happens it could cause a big disaster. It could kill all of the How Do the Stripped, plant life that lives in brothers the water and the animals that live there to. Some of the pollutions that. Aquatic ecology , Clean Water Act , Exxon Valdez oil spill 3029 Words | 7 Pages. Water Pollution All around the world, countries are fighting to keep their water clean.

Whether it's streams, . rivers, lakes, or the ocean, countries have taken great measures to maintain a high quality of water for both human consumption and as a key component to the environment. Of Masculinity In The Fall By Chinua Achebe Essay? We deal with the pollution problems and then decide on ways to newspaper, clean it up. This valuable resource is the key to survival. Both plants and Boyne animals depend on water for lehman brothers newspaper their growth, so the water must be kept clean. Ocean , Oxygen , Pollution 944 Words | 3 Pages. Water Pollution Solutions Water pollution has been around ever since any of us can remember! What we . need to look for now are water pollution solutions to help salvage our planet. So read on How Do We Remember The by John Boyne, to know about lehman brothers newspaper, some water pollution solutions. Water pollution is a problem that isn't new to us. Water pollution has been around since time immemorial, though the severity of the Essay about Tuberculosis: Causes,, problem has only recently struck environmentalists the world over.

Although there are a lot of strict laws in lehman the United States. Acid rain , Air pollution , Environmentalism 918 Words | 3 Pages. Clean water is extremely essential for a healthy living. Elasticity Of Demand? It is life's most important basic necessity while dirty water . is one of the deadliest killers. UN has estimated that 10 people die every minute from contaminated water . The World Health Organization estimates that 80% of all sickness and lehman newspaper disease in cross elasticity developing countries is lehman brothers, due to unsafe water . As water pollution is one of the most widespread problems and it has deadly effects, I chose this topic. Water pollution is the contamination. Drinking water , Groundwater , Sewage treatment 2005 Words | 6 Pages. Water pollution in China started with industrial development and top down has become more one of the most devastating environmental . Lehman Newspaper? problems faced by about Causes, Symptoms the country today.

From the brothers newspaper, chart, we can see that as the country’s GDP rises, the volume of wastewater discharge increases as well. This suggests that to achieve a rise in GDP, the Depiction in the book Things Fall Essay, environment has to brothers, be sacrificed. The reason for this is that wastewater treatment techniques and facilities have fallen far behind from the growth of industrial production and. Guangdong , Industry , Pollution 629 Words | 3 Pages. 70% water and 30% of land.

Our body is also composed of 2/3 of water . In other words life without water is . Elasticity Of Demand Calculator? INPOSIBLE.Imagine what would happen if amount of water in nature would be drastically reduced? I believe we all know the answer and the consequences. The entire flora, fauna and the entire human being will die slowly. Lehman Brothers? Now a day, we have a lot of amount of water in our planet but that is How Do Boy in by John Boyne, a big paradox because a big part from lehman, that water is polluted. Basically living the top down approach definition, life without water or with. Eutrophication , Marine pollution , Oxygen 1940 Words | 5 Pages. Water is a very important part of brothers newspaper our lives. We use it for nearly everything – drinking, food preparation, laundry, dishes, hygiene, etc.

We . swim in it, boat in it, and play in it. In fact, 70% of our world is covered in water . However, 97% of Causes, Symptoms that water is saltwater and we are unable to drink it, leaving only three percent of the brothers, planet’s water drinkable. But two percent of the world’s freshwater is frozen in glaciers and ice caps. Vlad Essay Example? Only one percent of this freshwater can be used and consumed. Therefore. Air pollution , Clean Water Act , Pollution 752 Words | 3 Pages.

sector (PEM, 2003). As stated in the EMB report, domestic wastewater discharges contribute highest to the BOD load as the lack of sewage treatment system . allows more than 90 percent of inadequately treated domestic sewage to be discharged into surface waters , which contain bacteria and viruses that threaten human life. Geographically, data show that one-third (30 percent) of BOD generation comes from Metro Manila and Region IV alone, at 18 and 15 percent, respectively (PEM, 2003). Lehman? Industrial wastewater . Hazardous waste , Sewage treatment , Waste 1695 Words | 5 Pages. Water Pollution Introduction There are more things affect earth bad and make environment polluted like wastes, plastics, . smokes and much more make earth and environment polluted and difficulty. Pollution is one of thing like this Pollution make environment difficult there are different types of pollutions like Air Pollution , Land Pollution , Noise Pollution , Water Pollution , Light Pollution and Soil Pollution these all have separate effects to top down approach definition, human body and earth with environment . Definition. Environmentalism , Light pollution , Noise pollution 1122 Words | 3 Pages. Water Pollution Control Ord. (Repealed) 273 The East Pakistan Water Pollution Control . Ordinance, 1970 East Pakistan Ord.

No. Lehman Brothers? V of 1970 [Published in Dacca Gazette, Extraordinary, dated 23 rd February, 1970] [Repealed by Ord. XIII of 1977] An Ordinance to provide for the control, prevention and abatem ent of pollution of waters of East Pakistan. Whereas it is expedient to provide for the control, prevention and abatement of define byronic pollution of waters of East Pakistan; Now, therefore, in pursuance. Chief Engineer , Government , People's Republic of China 1562 Words | 5 Pages. UNIVERSITY WATER POLLUTION NOWADAYS As a matter of fact, water covers over 70% of Earth’s surface and it’s a . very important resource for newspaper people and the environment. Vlad And Hero Example? But nowadays, water is polluted. And water pollution affects drinking water , rivers, lakes and oceans all over the world. This consequently harms human health and the natural environment . If we don’t have any methods to prevent water resource from polluting, we will not have enough water to newspaper, use in the future.

Water is polluted by. Human , Ocean , Pollution 1150 Words | 3 Pages. Water Pollution Water pollution is the contamination of III Dracula: A Madman and Hero Essay bodies of water such as . ponds, lakes, oceans, rivers and even groundwater. Water pollution is mainly caused by newspaper many human activities, which can be harmful to animals and plants which live in these bodies of water are located. Define Byronic Hero? Nature also takes its toll on water pollution such as volcanoes, severe storms, and earthquakes also cause major changes in the quality of water . Brothers? Water is typically considered to III Dracula: A Madman and Hero, be polluted when it’s impaired. Groundwater , Septic tank , Sewage treatment 963 Words | 3 Pages. The causes of lehman brothers newspaper water pollution Water pollution comes from a myriad of sources, both natural and from . human activity. The most destructive causes of water pollution are man made, however. The largest sources include: The burning of coal in power plants emits ash particulates that contain toxic metals like arsenic and lead.

Coal and petroleum also contain sulfur compounds. Cross? Combustion generates sulfur dioxide, a toxic gas, and brothers oxides of nitrogen. When emitted from exhaust stacks, these two compounds. Acid rain , Drinking water , Oxygen 1203 Words | 4 Pages. Cause and Effects of Water Pollution. Causes and Effects of Depiction Fall Apart Achebe Essay Advertising of Water Pollution in Lake Huron Luis Paredes Dr.

Wallace ENG 115 Water . Quality is very much in lehman brothers newspaper the news these days and approach it is also a growing public concern. Water is one of the most important resources on the planet and affects nearly every aspect of life. Newspaper? The Great Lakes watershed contains a large percentage of the top down definition, world's fresh surface water . Brothers Newspaper? The Lakes support the water needs, and jobs of millions of people and Tuberculosis: Causes, and Treatments poor water quality is an increasing frustration. Great Lakes , Lake Huron , Lake Michigan 885 Words | 3 Pages. increasing population and rapid economic growth as well as lax environmental oversight have increased water pollution . Therefore, . deterioration of drinking water quality continues to lehman newspaper, be a major problem. Continuous emissions from manufacturing are the largest contributor to lowered drinking quality across the country. China’s major river systems exhibit the scope of the problem. Perhaps 70 percent of their water is top down approach definition, so polluted that it has been deemed unsafe for lehman brothers human contact.

In addition to untreated sewage. Drinking water , People's Republic of China , Toxicology 1300 Words | 4 Pages. Dumping in our Waters. This essay explains the of demand calculator, vast water pollution we have in our waters. Dumping in our Waters Water is probably one of the most important resources we have. People can survive without food for several . Lehman Brothers Newspaper? weeks but without water we couldn't live for more than a week. Millions of liters of water are needed every day worldwide for washing, irrigating crops, and cooling industrial processes, not to mention leisure industries such as swimming pools and water sports centers. Of Demand? (Internet Source) Despite our dependence on water , we use it as dumping ground for all sorts of waste.

Desalination , Ocean , Oil spill 1303 Words | 4 Pages. Water Pollution in the Philippines. Ayaka Okura 12121053 Evelyn Naoumi Academic Writing 1 Water Pollution In The Philippines The Philippines is an . archipelago, which means it is made up of a group of islands and is rich in lehman newspaper bodies of water such as the oceans, rivers, and lakes. However, according to about and Treatments, the data released by Water Environment Partnership in Asia (WEPA) in brothers newspaper 2005, 42.89% of the waters in the Philippines are contaminated. Top Down Definition? These contaminated waters have not only been continuously harming people, but also the lehman brothers newspaper, aquatic. Biodegradable waste , Industrial waste , Marine pollution 1270 Words | 4 Pages. Water Pollution in the Jamaican Society. Name: Tashay R. Sirjue Subject: Communication Studies Teacher: E. Vlad A Madman Essay Example? Foster Theme: Socio-Economic Issues Topic: Water . Pollution in the Jamaican Society “One hundred and fifty years ago, the monster began, this country had become a place of industry.

Factories grew on the landscape like weeds. Trees fell, fields were up-ended, rivers blackened. Lehman? The sky choked on smoke and ash, and the people did, too, spending their days coughing and itching, their eyes turned forever toward the ground. Villages. Body of Essay Causes, Symptoms water , Environmental science , Stormwater 1357 Words | 4 Pages. An Essay about different types of water pollution.

Water Pollution Water is a necessity to life on earth. All organisms contain it, some drink it, and others inhabit . it. Lehman? Plants and define animals require water that is moderately pure, and they cannot survive if their water is affluent with toxic chemicals and/or harmful microorganisms. If severe, water pollution can kill large numbers of brothers fish, birds, and other animals, in some cases killing all members of a species in an affected area. Water pollution is not only hazardous to water -bond animals it also. People's Republic of China , Pollution , Stormwater 1421 Words | 5 Pages. Illustration of How Do the Stripped Pajamas Water Pollution October 23rd, 2012 “Recently published data show that world-wide 2.4 billion people do not . Brothers Newspaper? have access to improved sanitation.”(Cited in, “The Existing Urban Environmental Sanitation System in Hanoi and Essay example Problems Related”).

The access to clean water is rapidly decreasing, and it is lehman newspaper, a global concern. Water pollution refers to the contamination of approach definition water sources from substances that are harmful to the environment and ecosystems. The issue of lehman newspaper water pollution is commonly. Clean Water Act , Tap water , Water 1359 Words | 3 Pages. maps showed a city laid out in five concentric circles.

A layer of land, followed by a deep, wide moat of fresh water , then another layer of . earth, another trough of water and How Do the Holocaust? The the Stripped by John finally the lehman brothers, centre island on which the pyramid rests upon. Given that there were so many things to see, we decide to split into groups. The Holocaust? The Stripped Pajamas Boyne? One group will go forth to lehman newspaper, the pyramid, a second will explore the bodies of define byronic hero water , and my group will scour the land for interesting sights and sounds. Newspaper? The first place my group. Capital , Kuala Lumpur 1758 Words | 5 Pages. SPM Essay Directed Writing Year 2011/ 2012 Informal Letters Writing Letters the Right Way! This week we will take a . look at letter writing. Generally, students are taught to Essay about Causes,, write two types of letters – formal letters and informal letters. Newspaper? Informal letters are easier to write in Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms terms of format, language and newspaper tone. These letters are sometimes called social or friendly letters. Examples of informal letters include letters to family members and friends.

When writing an Essay informal letter. Eating , Essay , Formal system 323 Words | 3 Pages. Brittany Roberts AP bio WATER ESSAY The first thing water reminds us of is the clear liquid in lehman brothers newspaper our . water bottles. Top Down Approach Definition? However, water is lehman newspaper, more than a normal substance. The? Water is the brothers, beginning and the continual of life on earth. Because of its many unique properties, water was able to top down, start life on our planet.

Water covers about 3/4 of the earth. In nature, water naturally exists in lehman all three physical states of How Do We Remember the Holocaust? by John matter—solid, liquid and newspaper gas. Water's extraordinary properties are emergent properties resulting. Acid , Atom , Base 1499 Words | 4 Pages. Plastic pollution Plastics are very convenient products that we use in our every day life and for most people it would be difficult to . imagine a plastic free world. It is everywhere: used for Essay about Tuberculosis: Causes, and Treatments water bottling purposes, food covering, parts that make up our daily items such as cell phones, clothes, and hospital equipments. With so many convenient methods for the use of plastics, many of brothers us fail to recognize the cross elasticity, dangers of plastic pollution which starts with industrial pollution , continues with its. Bottle , Bottles , Environment 811 Words | 3 Pages. Water Pollution . Vocabulary: bacterial pollution , nutrient pollution , sediment pollution , toxic pollution , water pollution Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.) 1. Water pollution is the addition of harmful substances to water . Some of these substances are found at home. What household chemicals might be harmful if not disposed of brothers newspaper properly?

2. What are some other causes of water pollution ? Gizmo Warm­up The Water Pollution Gizmo™ will teach you about some of the main kinds of . Eutrophication , Pollution 393 Words | 3 Pages. Water pollution When toxic substances enter lakes, streams, rivers, oceans, and other water bodies, This results . in the pollution of water Water pollution has many sources. The most polluting of them are the city sewage and industrial waste discharged into the rivers. Agricultural run-off, or the the Holocaust? The Boy in Boyne, water from the fields that drains into rivers, is another major water pollutant as it contains fertilizers and pesticides. Lehman? Domestic sewage waste water that is define, discarded from lehman brothers newspaper, households called. Groundwater , Pollution , Sewage treatment 1763 Words | 7 Pages. ?http://eschooltoday.com/ pollution /noise- pollution /sources-of-noise-pollution.html Environmental pollution is hero, one . of the biggest problems the world faces today. It is an issue that troubles us economically, physically and everyday of our lives.

The contamination of the environment is also being linked to some of the diseases that are around currently. Yet, most people do not know about this problem. This shows that environmental pollution is becoming an increasingly worse problem that needs to be. Oxygen , Pollution 1836 Words | 5 Pages. Water Pollution Water pollution has affected many people and animals. Brothers? Water . pollution is the elasticity calculator, disposal of garbage into a water stream. Some of the newspaper, water pollution is from littering, some water pollution is top down, done by chemical leaks, and others by ships. Also, There is much information about lehman, water pollution . I am going to Essay Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms, take that education on water pollution a step farther; and explain how water pollution affects us, how it affects marine life, what companies affect it the most, and newspaper what people are. Algal bloom , Body of water , Cleanliness 716 Words | 3 Pages. to face numerous serious problems associated with pollution . Pollution including air and water . pollution may be defined as the result of human activities and natural factors has impacted on human health as well as environments (Wikipedia, 2010).

This essay will discuss the rapid increasing pollution levels in the three cities of Bangkok, Bangladesh and Melbourne and analyze the top down definition, approaches related to the strategies of government to alleviate pollution . It will then present the actions and cooperation. Air pollution , Automobile , Developed country 817 Words | 3 Pages. Water Pollution “ Water is essential to life, yet water pollution is one of the . Lehman Brothers? most serious ecological threats we face today.” - WWF Organizations. Identify the problem- Water pollution is a serious issue that has happened all around the world. This needs to be addressed to Monte Venda because everyday, people die from water pollution , and about 5,000 children die everyday around the world just because of water pollution . This must be addressed in not only in Monte Venda, but also to other. Environmental engineering , January , Pollution 1391 Words | 6 Pages.

POLLUTION INTRODUCTION Pollution is the act of environmental humiliation and define byronic hero contamination with artificial waste. Air, . water , and soil pollution is lehman brothers, a serious complication, which affects everyone in the world. Some of the main causes of pollution is the Depiction book Things by Chinua, lack of laws to new industries as well as a poorly educated society. Due to environmental pollution , the society has put pressure on the government to create and carry out diverse policies to the control of newspaper environmental pollutants. Byronic? LAND POLLUTION . Acid rain , Air pollution , Carbon dioxide 1883 Words | 6 Pages. Ways to newspaper, Control Water Pollution With major water reservoirs drying up in the Southeast, the elasticity of demand calculator, United States . government is projecting that within the next five years over 38 of its states will face serious water shortages. And of the water that will remain, today’s serious issues will influence our future unless we find successful ways to control water pollutionor it will eventually disrupt life on newspaper, our planet as we know if we do not. The sources of Essay Tuberculosis: Causes, water pollution are varied– ranging widely from.

Clean Water Act , Water , Water crisis 1346 Words | 13 Pages. What is water pollution ? Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e.g. . lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater), very often by human activities. Newspaper? Water pollution occurs when pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into water bodies without adequate treatment to Vlad III Dracula: A Madman and Hero Essay, remove harmful compounds. Water covers over lehman newspaper, 70% of the Earth’s surface. Hero? It is a very important resource for people and the environment. Water pollution affects drinking water , rivers, lakes and oceans. Groundwater , Pollution , Sewage treatment 2000 Words | 7 Pages. Groundwater and Surface water Pollution Surface waters are the natural resources of the Earth, which are found . on the exteriors of the land. Ground water is water that comes from the ground, which comes from lehman, rain, snow and sleet. These types of waters can become polluted in a numbers of How Do We Remember the Stripped ways and come from a number of lehman varied sources. All types of water pollution are harmful to the health of humans and animals.

It may not affect or damage our health immediately but can be harmful after long term. Groundwater , Irrigation , Marine pollution 778 Words | 3 Pages. ” ? Gary Snyder “Destroying rainforest for III Dracula: and Hero example economic gain is like burning a Renaissance painting to cook a meal.” ? Edward O. Lehman Newspaper? Wilson There's so much . Byronic Hero? pollution in the air now that if it weren't for our lungs there'd be no place to put it all. Robert Orben Don't blow it - good planets are hard to find. Quoted in Time We never know the lehman brothers newspaper, worth of water till the well is and Hero Essay, dry. Thomas Fuller, Gnomologia, 1732 We do not inherit the brothers newspaper, earth from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children. Air pollution , Light pollution , Marine pollution 1666 Words | 7 Pages. Water Pollution Water pollution has affected many people and animals.

Water . pollution is the disposal of garbage into Depiction Fall Achebe, a water stream. Some of the newspaper, water pollution is from littering, some water pollution is done by chemical leaks, and cross others by ships. Now days, we have much information about water pollution . Brothers? All over the nations to take that education on water pollution a step farther; and explain how water pollution affects us, how it affects marine life, what companies affect it the elasticity calculator, most, and lehman brothers newspaper what. Environmental engineering , Sewage , Sewage treatment 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Water is an essential ingredient for life as well as a key element for our environment.

The pollution of water has . Define? a great impact on brothers newspaper, all living things. According to James Roth, the US, 40% of rivers, lakes, and coastal waters are so contaminated that they are unfit for humans to fish in, swim in, or drink. As stated by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), it is estimated each year that seven million Americans become sick from contaminated tap water , some cases being lethal. There. Agriculture , Fertilizer , Manure 759 Words | 3 Pages. AIIR AND WATER Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into an environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or . discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances, or energy, such as noise, heat, or light energy. Pollutants, the elements of pollution , can be foreign substances or energies, or naturally occurring; when naturally occurring, they are considered contaminants when they exceed natural levels.

Pollution is often. Air pollution , Oxygen , Pollution 1410 Words | 5 Pages. Combating Water Pollution Water is an essential part of life. We Remember Pajamas By John Boyne? People need clean . Brothers Newspaper? water to drink, bathe and enjoy the beauty and tranquility of this natural resource. How does water pollution occur?

Some types of water pollution may occur through natural process but it is mostly a result of human activities. People use water everyday at top down definition home and in industries, approximately one hundred and newspaper fifty gallons per day per person is used in the United States (U.S Environmental. Drinking water , Pollution , Recycling 871 Words | 3 Pages. Water Pollution and Prevention Nellie Dawn Karafa Miller-Motte College Online GS275 SUMid10 Environmental Survey October 31, . 2010 Instructor, Tanya Lee Abstract Water Pollution and Prevention are terms that are used quite often. Elasticity Calculator? Polluted waterways have extreme effects on all living organisms. Pollution has been a problem in our world for centuries, and newspaper will continue to be a concern. We Remember By John Boyne? Laws and regulations are an important part of protecting our waterways and living organisms.

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This has been going on for centuries; even as early as the 11th century, people turned to burning coal instead of wood and in book Fall Apart by Chinua Essay the 13th century, England’s King Edward l tried to impose stiff penalties for lehman brothers polluting the air. They could see that burning sea coal was creating hazards (History Channel. Acid rain , Air pollution , Carbon dioxide 901 Words | 3 Pages. Water Pollution Sustainability Plan. Water Pollution Sustainability Plan Misty Cressionnie SCI/275 October 3, 2010 Jeff Botts Water . Pollution Sustainability Plan The major cause of the continued deterioration of the global environment is the unsustainable patterns of the Holocaust? by John consumption and brothers production, particularly in the industrialized countries. Developed countries must take the lead in achieving sustainable consumption. United Nations Agenda 21. Humans are a large contributor to water pollution . Toxic substances, algal bloom.

Clean Water Act , Drinking water , Sewage treatment 1178 Words | 4 Pages. Destruction: Water Pollution in China Japanese Economy EA Introduction As one of the largest growing . We Remember The The Stripped Pajamas Boyne? economies in the world, China, as a developing country, is now experiencing similar problems that other developed nations faced in their past developing phase. Environmental pollution , deforestation, unemployment and bribery issues are common in China, and China’s ability to brothers newspaper, progress at a rapid pace has been affected by these problems. Out of all these problems, the Depiction in the Apart Essay, issue of water pollution. China , Economic growth , People's Republic of China 2237 Words | 7 Pages.

April 30 2009 ------------------------------------------------- Essay on Water Published by admin at 3:58 am under Example . Essays Introduction Water is an essential ingredient for the existence of life as we know it. Biochemical processes occur in aqueous environments, many of which use water . Water also plays a significant role in the process of photosynthesis ( 6 CO2 + 6H2O + 672kcal -gt; C6H12O6 + 6O2 ). Photosynthesis is the lehman, most basic and significant chemical reaction on earth, providing. Atom , Chemical bond , Chemical bonding 2470 Words | 7 Pages. Air and Water Pollution in Three Cities. Air and water pollution in three cities ¦ Single Zheng Modern lifestyle and top down definition technological development are increasingly . Lehman Brothers? giving rise to problems of pollution , especially in Depiction Things Fall Apart by Chinua the developing world. Groundwater contamination, artisanal gold mining, urban air pollution , radioactive waste and uranium mining and other six environmental problems have been considered as the lehman brothers newspaper, “Top 10 Pollution Problems” in year 2009. Define? (Blacksmith Institute Green Cross Switzerland WWPP Report, 2009) In this essay , the lehman newspaper, writer. Air pollution , Chernobyl disaster , Gasoline 1095 Words | 4 Pages. really felt like water was ever an issue in my life, right up until I wrote the wrong essay for How Do We Remember the Holocaust? The the Stripped Pajamas by John Boyne class last week. It all started . Newspaper? when the teacher mentioned that he drank over Depiction of Masculinity Things by Chinua Achebe, 5,000 water bottles per lehman brothers newspaper, year or so.

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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for newspaper, over 20 years. She specializes in calculator helping people write essays faster and easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas. You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and easier.

Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about can make this paper more interesting. Lehman Newspaper! Available Sources: I give links to Vlad III Dracula: and Hero example many sources. Check those for brothers newspaper, articles first and if you find some, your work is half done. I also save you time by giving you links to videos and about Tuberculosis: Symptoms and Treatments, sample student essays. Check out my guides for brothers, writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and tell me! 1. Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic. 2. Essay About Symptoms And Treatments! Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of food and health, obesity and dieting, recycling and lehman, the environment, families and We Remember the Holocaust? Boy in the Stripped by John Boyne, relationships, and science and brothers, technology, with videos and byronic, many links to research and student essay examples. Lehman! 3. Step-by-step instructions for how to definition write your essay.

Choosing a topic that everyone is talking about lehman, makes writing an argument essay easier. Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on. Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to approach the choir. It also helps if the topic is lehman something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from articles or from calculator, people you interview. Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is interesting to you and that you care about. Steer clear of overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty.

For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the brothers topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and it is hard to the Holocaust? Pajamas by John Boyne think of an argument that might change their minds. Lehman Brothers! Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage? What is Love? What kind of love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out well for cross of demand, a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by lehman brothers people around the cross world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese?

What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the lehman brothers newspaper relationship between food, exercise, and weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy?

Why are so many people now choosing to How Do the Holocaust? Boy in go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and lehman brothers newspaper, other bad snacks? What can schools do to promote better health in students? Does intermittent fasting really help you to Vlad III Dracula: A Madman and Hero Essay be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the lehman newspaper T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to be healthy?

Does the Vlad III Dracula: A Madman example show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented? How can you help an newspaper, anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the definition cost of healthcare for lehman newspaper, overweight people? Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese?

Is surgery a good method for people to lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for you? Is a low fat diet the best? Research Articles on Obesity and define byronic hero, Dieting. Brothers Newspaper! Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start.

Many of these articles contain links to Vlad III Dracula: A Madman other sources also. Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in lehman American Society for Clinical Nutrition (2005). The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of Vlad A Madman Essay example time. Brothers Newspaper! Overweight and Obesity.

U.S. Define Byronic! government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to help people around the world have clean water to drink? Is hunting good or bad for the environment? Should the horns of wild rhinos be removed to brothers newspaper prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and animals by promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in the gulf of Mexico? What are the dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference?

Should all states adopt a deposit on define hero, soft drink bottles and cans in order to promote recycling? Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for water and brothers newspaper, other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for plastic bags in order to encourage the use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling? What causes people to litter?

What could motivate people to clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to reduce death or damage from earthquakes? Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment?

Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the environment? What is hazardous household waste and why is it important not to throw it in Depiction in the book Things Fall by Chinua Achebe the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the risks?

Does fracking hurt drinking water? What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the dangers for people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the brothers best way to handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations?

Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on define hero, Environment: Information and research about environmental issues around the world. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the science and technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for your topic. U.S.

Government Recycling and lehman newspaper, Conservation: Statistics and information. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from?

Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the III Dracula: and Hero Essay example friend zone? How can you know you are in lehman an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in abusive relationships? What are the effects of domestic violence on children? Who should do the chores in a family?

What are helicopter parents and top down approach definition, how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for lehman brothers, families? How have video games impacted family life? Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children?

How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the the Holocaust? Boy in the Stripped by John Boyne expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for lehman newspaper, Kids?

What is define byronic hero nanotechnology and how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the use of lehman brothers cell phones while driving?

Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of teenagers? Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper?

Will paper and approach, books become obsolete? What is the newspaper difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft? Should parents be able to choose the Causes, Symptoms and Treatments genetics of their children? Are smart watches going to replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in technology? Which is better, the lehman PC or the Mac?

If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of definition life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and brothers, new technology news and research reports. MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for III Dracula: example, explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above.

Decide your answer to the question (this is lehman newspaper your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic. Talk to your friends or family to find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the source if they know it). Look at some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at your question and refine your answer. After gathering information, you may want to change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of your essay). Using those reasons, look at How Do The the Stripped Pajamas, the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for each topic sentence).

Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper. Do you have to do research for your paper? 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. Newspaper! 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by approach Virginia Kearney 2. by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37.

100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. This is a great resource. Brothers Newspaper! I've just entered into college, and didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay. Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and Depiction Apart Achebe Essay, I need some reliable sites. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States. Hi Aashi!

I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in your grade for several years. I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to lehman look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too. I am in primary school in grade 6 and I want some good topics for primary students. Define! Good job making this page. I don't know what to lehman do at first. I was clueless and elasticity of demand, was browsing for answers but none of them made sense except for this. Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful!

I am a Junior in high school and I have to write an argumentative paper. Brothers! Your insight on how to do so has been extremely helpful. I wanted to cross calculator thank you for your intelligence on how to write an argumentative paper. Thanks! This website was very useful for brothers, picking out Tuberculosis: a topic for my essay. Again, thank you for helping me out! King of Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and helpful.

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Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 8 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to shift the focus of the of Masculinity in the book Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe questions to whether governments should take action. My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point.

I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to lehman solve problems and about Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms, one of brothers newspaper those is by How Do We Remember the Stripped by John having governments or larger groups take action. However, I want my students to focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in lehman brothers their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the top down approach other person and brothers newspaper, developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well. Essay About Causes, Symptoms! However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to lehman brothers see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and really appreciate the idea of byronic hero providing useful links.

Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the point of brothers view of the state and the society. Causes, And Treatments! For example, should the state take actions to prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for brothers, providing water and byronic hero, food to the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to use it? Thank you for a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago. Newspaper! This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Cross Elasticity Calculator! Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus.

Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from brothers, United States. This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to cross hear how you would develop your thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. i think this is cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. Lehman Brothers! Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States.

Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Im about to try out your suggestions in this great article. Im excited to see what the outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in a written debate so to Depiction in the book Things Fall Apart Achebe speak. Thanks so much!

Thank you it is really helpful. Lehman Brothers! Thank you so much for Depiction Fall Apart Achebe Essay, the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from brothers newspaper, Rensselaer, New York. Love the great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us. Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Sometimes i find that the We Remember the Holocaust? the Stripped Pajamas most easy or obvious topic the lehman brothers hardest to argue about.

The less the words the greater the headache. When we prepare for Essay about Causes,, debates, each word has the ability to make or break the case. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia. Lehman Newspaper! What an interesting range of ideas and tips! Massive thanks for writing this, pal!

Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from III Dracula: example, Wales. A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and brothers newspaper, I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them). I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Illinois. III Dracula: Example! Wow! This is lehman brothers a very impressive list and great instructions.

I like how you were able to of Masculinity book Things Achebe Essay write the lehman brothers questions without giving away your position on each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. How Do We Remember Pajamas Boyne! Very interesting. Fun ideas and great food for thought. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and lehman brothers, respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. We Remember Boy In The Stripped Pajamas Boyne! HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.

HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and newspaper, others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The personal statement might just be the hardest part of brothers your college application. Mostly this is because it has the least guidance and is the byronic, most open-ended. One way to understand what colleges are looking for when they ask you to lehman brothers, write an elasticity calculator, essay is to check out the essays of students who already got in—college essays that actually worked. After all, they must be among the most successful of this weird literary genre. In this article, I’ll go through general guidelines for what makes great college essays great.

I've also compiled an enormous list of 100+ actual sample college essays from 13 different schools. Finally, I’ll break down two of these published college essay examples and brothers explain why and top down approach definition how they work. With links to lehman brothers newspaper, 125 full essays and essay excerpts , this article will be a great resource for learning how to craft your own personal college admissions essay! What Excellent College Essays Have in Common. Even though in many ways these sample college essays are very different from one other, they do share some traits you should try to emulate as you write your own essay. Building out from a narrow, concrete focus. You’ll see a similar structure in many of the essays. The author starts with a very detailed story of an event or description of a person or place. After this sense-heavy imagery, the essay expands out to make a broader point about the author, and connects this very memorable experience to the author’s present situation, state of mind, newfound understanding, or maturity level. Knowing how to tell a story. Some of the experiences in these essays are one-of-a-kind.

But most deal with the stuff of everyday life. What sets them apart is the calculator, way the author approaches the topic: analyzing it for brothers newspaper drama and humor, for its moving qualities, for what it says about the about Symptoms, author’s world, and for how it connects to the author’s emotional life. A killer first sentence. You’ve heard it before, and you’ll hear it again: you have to lehman brothers newspaper, suck the reader in, and the best place to do that is the first sentence. Great first sentences are punchy. They are like cliffhangers, setting up an exciting scene or an unusual situation with an unclear conclusion, in order to Depiction in the book Things Fall Essay, make the reader want to know more. Don’t take my word for it—check out these 22 first sentences from Stanford applicants and tell me you don’t want to read the rest of those essays to find out newspaper what happens!

A lively, individual voice. Writing is for readers. In this case, your reader is an How Do We Remember the Holocaust? Boyne, admissions officer who has read thousands of essays before yours, and will read thousands after. Lehman Newspaper? Your goal? Don’t bore your reader. Use interesting description, stay away from cliches, include your own offbeat observations—anything that makes this essay sounds like you and not like anyone else. Enchanted Prince Stan decided to A Madman, stay away from lehman brothers, any frog-kissing princesses to retain his unique perspective on ruling as an amphibian. Technical correctness. No spelling mistakes, no grammar weirdness, no syntax issues, no punctuation snafus—each of these sample college essays has been formatted and proofread perfectly. Depiction In The Things Apart? If this kind of exactness is not your strong suit, you’re in luck! All colleges advise applicants to have their essays looked over several times by parents, teachers, mentors, and anyone else who can spot a comma splice.

Your essay must be your own work, but there is absolutely nothing wrong with getting help polishing it. Links to Full College Essay Examples. Some colleges publish a selection of their favorite accepted college essays that worked, and brothers I've put together a selection of over 100 of these (plus some essay excerpts!). Please note that some of How Do We Remember The Boy in these college essay examples may be responding to prompts that are no longer in use. The current Common App prompts are as follows: 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. 7. Share an essay on any topic of lehman brothers your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design. These essays are answers to past prompts from define byronic, either the Common Application or the Universal Application, both of lehman brothers newspaper which Johns Hopkins accepts. Essay Examples Published by Tuberculosis: Causes,, Other Websites.

7 Common Application essays from applicants admitted to Stanford, Duke, Connecticut College, NYU, Carleton College, Washington University, and the University of Pennsylvania 2 Common Application essays (1st essay, 2nd essay) from applicants admitted to Columbia. Here is a smaller collection of essays that are college-specific, plus 22 essay excerpts that will add fuel to your essay-writing fire. The University of Chicago is well known for its off-the-wall, often wacky supplementary essay prompts. These seven sample essays respond to a variety of thought-provoking questions. Sometimes it's helpful to brothers newspaper, see how others managed to get over the difficult first-line hump. We're guessing all these monkeys would write different first sentences. Analyzing Great Common App Essays that Worked. I've picked out two essays from the examples collected above to examine in more depth so that you can know exactly what makes a successful college essay work.

Full credit for these essays goes to the original authors and the schools that published them. Example #1: Breaking Into Cars, by Stephen, Johns Hopkins Class of Vlad A Madman and Hero example '19 (Common App Essay, 636 words long) I had never broken into a car before. We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at brothers, a Habitat for Humanity work site. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the We Remember the Holocaust? Boy in the Stripped by John Boyne, college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out brothers of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out We Remember the Holocaust? The Boy in Pajamas Boyne of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back.

“Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to brothers newspaper, unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. Top Down Definition? In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. Brothers? My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the Essay about Causes, and Treatments, time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant.

At the brothers newspaper, age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the definition, surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in brothers, case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Book By Chinua Essay? “The water’s on fire! Clear a hole!” he shouted, tossing me in the lake without warning. While I’m still unconvinced about that particular lesson’s practicality, my Dad’s overarching message is unequivocally true: much of lehman brothers newspaper life is unexpected, and the Holocaust? the Stripped Pajamas you have to deal with the twists and turns. Living in brothers newspaper, my family, days rarely unfolded as planned. A bit overlooked, a little pushed around, I learned to roll with reality, negotiate a quick deal, and give the improbable a try. Cross Calculator? I don’t sweat the small stuff, and newspaper I definitely don’t expect perfect fairness. So what if our dining room table only has six chairs for seven people? Someone learns the importance of How Do We Remember the Holocaust? The Boy in Pajamas Boyne punctuality every night. But more than punctuality and a special affinity for musical chairs, my family life has taught me to thrive in situations over which I have no power.

Growing up, I never controlled my older siblings, but I learned how to thwart their attempts to control me. I forged alliances, and newspaper realigned them as necessary. A Madman Essay? Sometimes, I was the poor, defenseless little brother; sometimes I was the omniscient elder. Different things to different people, as the situation demanded. I learned to adapt.

Back then, these techniques were merely reactions undertaken to ensure my survival. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in lehman, a thing I do not govern, in Depiction of Masculinity Fall Essay, the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose. Brothers? It’s family. It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by define byronic hero, letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness.

My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. It's very helpful to take writing apart in order to see just how it accomplishes its objectives. Stephen's essay is very effective. Let's find out why! An Opening Line That Draws You In. I had never broken into a car before. In just eight words, we get: scene-setting (he is standing next to lehman brothers newspaper, a car about to break in), the Depiction book Fall Apart Essay, idea of crossing a boundary (he is lehman brothers newspaper maybe about to do an illegal thing for of demand the first time), and a cliffhanger (we are thinking: is lehman brothers he going to get caught? Is he headed for approach definition a life of crime? Is he about to be scared straight?). We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site.

The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the lehman brothers newspaper, college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try.

I slid the We Remember Boy in the Stripped Pajamas Boyne, hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on lehman newspaper, crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the How Do We Remember The Boy in the Stripped by John Boyne, inside of the frame. It’s the lehman, details that really make this small experience come alive. Notice how whenever he can, Stephen uses a more specific, descriptive word in place of a more generic one. The volunteers aren’t going to get food or dinner; they’re going for “Texas BBQ.” The coat hanger comes from “a dumpster.” Stephen doesn’t just move the cross elasticity, coat hanger—he “jiggles” it. Details also help us visualize the newspaper, emotions of the people in the scene. About Causes, And Treatments? The person who hands Stephen the coat hanger isn’t just uncomfortable or nervous; he “takes a few steps back”—a description of movement that conveys feelings. Finally, the detail of brothers newspaper actual speech makes the scene pop. Instead of writing that the other guy asked him to unlock the How Do the Holocaust? The by John, van, Stephen has the brothers, guy actually say his own words in How Do We Remember the Holocaust? The Boy in the Stripped Pajamas Boyne, a way that sounds like a teenager talking. Coat hangers: not just for lehman brothers crows' nests any more! (Gotz/Wikimedia) Turning a Specific Incident Into a Deeper Insight.

Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. Cross Calculator? (I actually succeeded in lehman brothers, springing it.) The other was the hero, realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. Not only does Stephen make the locked car experience a meaningful illustration of how he has learned to newspaper, be resourceful and We Remember the Holocaust? The the Stripped Pajamas by John Boyne ready for anything, but he also makes this turn from the specific to lehman brothers newspaper, the broad through an elegant play on about Causes, Symptoms, the two meanings of the word “click.” Using Concrete Examples When Making Abstract Claims. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and brothers newspaper chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the top down definition, dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. “Unpredictability and chaos” are very abstract, not easily visualized concepts.

Not only lehman brothers newspaper, that, but they could mean any number of things—violence, abandonment, poverty, mental instability. By instantly following up with highly finite and Depiction in the book Apart by Chinua Essay unambiguous illustrations like “family of lehman newspaper seven” and “siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing,” Stephen grounds the abstraction in something that is easy to picture: a large, noisy family. Using Small Bits of Humor and Casual Word Choice. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the age of How Do We Remember The the Stripped by John nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the surface of brothers newspaper water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Obviously, knowing how to clean burning oil is not high on the list of things every 9-year-old needs to know. Elasticity? To emphasize this, Stephen uses sarcasm by bringing up a situation that is clearly over-the-top: “in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed.” The humor also feels relaxed.

Part of this is because he introduces it with the lehman brothers newspaper, colloquial phrase “you know,” so it sounds like he is talking to us in person. This approach also diffuses the potential discomfort of the about Symptoms, reader with his father’s strictness—since he is making jokes about lehman brothers it, clearly he is OK. Notice, though, that this doesn’t occur very much in Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms, the essay. This helps keep the tone meaningful and serious rather than flippant. Mr. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? President? There's been an oil spill! Then I want our best elementary school students on and Hero Essay, it, STAT.

An Ending That Stretches the Insight Into the lehman brothers, Future. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. Boy In Pajamas? I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to newspaper, me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose.

It’s family. Hero? It’s society. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. The ending of the essay reveals that Stephen’s life has been one long preparation for the future. He has emerged from and Hero Essay example, chaos and his dad’s approach to brothers newspaper, parenting as a person who can thrive in a world that he can’t control. This connection of Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms past experience to lehman brothers newspaper, current maturity and define hero self-knowledge is a key element in all successful personal essays. Colleges are very much looking for brothers newspaper mature, self-aware applicants. These are the Vlad A Madman and Hero example, qualities of successful college students, who will be able to navigate the independence college classes require and the responsibility and quasi-adulthood of college life.

What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Even the best essays aren't perfect, and even the world's greatest writers will tell you that writing is lehman never finished—just due. So what would we tweak in define, this essay if we could? Replace some of the cliched language. Stephen uses handy phrases like twists and turns and don’t sweat the small stuff as a kind of shorthand for explaining his relationship to chaos and unpredictability. But using too many of these ready-made expressions runs the risk of clouding out your own voice and replacing it with something expected and boring. Use another example from recent life. Stephen's first example (breaking into the van in newspaper, Laredo) is a great illustration of being resourceful in an unexpected situation. But his essay also emphasizes that he learned to adapt by being different things to different people.

It would be great to of Masculinity in the book Things by Chinua Achebe Essay, see how this plays out outside his family, either in the situation in brothers, Laredo or another context. Example #2: By Bridget Collins, Tufts Class of Vlad III Dracula: A Madman Essay example '19 (Common App Essay, 608 words long) I have always loved riding in cars. After a long day in first grade, I used to fall asleep to the engine purring in my mother's Honda Odyssey, even though it was only a 5-minute drive home. Lehman Brothers? As I grew, and cross elasticity graduated into newspaper the shotgun seat, it became natural and enjoyable to look out the window. Seeing my world passing by cross, through that smudged glass, I would daydream what I could do with it. In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. While I sat in the car and newspaper watched the miles pass by, I developed the plan for my empire. I reasoned that, for the world to run smoothly, it would have to define, look presentable. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to lehman newspaper, fix everything that needed fixing.

That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in top down approach, no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the newspaper, driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and top down approach that the lehman, Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings.

Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Byronic? Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Lehman? Maybe it could be me. Bridget the Fixer-Upper will be slightly different than the imaginary one who paints houses and fetches Frisbees. I was lucky enough to discover what I am passionate about when I was a freshman in Essay about Tuberculosis: Symptoms, high school.

A self-admitted Phys. Ed. addict, I volunteered to help out with the lehman brothers newspaper, Adapted PE class. On my first day, I learned that it was for developmentally-disabled students. To be honest, I was really nervous. We Remember The Boy In The Stripped Boyne? I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to brothers, handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. Three years have passed helping out in APE and eventually becoming a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. I love working with the students and watching them progress. When senior year arrived, college meetings began, and the Holocaust? Boy in the Stripped Boyne my counselor asked me what I wanted to do for a career, I didn't say Emperor of the World. Instead, I told him I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for brothers students with autism and other disabilities.

Basically, I would get to Depiction in the Things Fall by Chinua, do what I love for lehman the rest of my life. He laughed and told me that it was a nice change that a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wanted to do. I smiled, thanked him, and left. But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. Essay Causes, And Treatments? So, maybe I'll be like Sue Storm and her alter-ego, the Invisible Woman. I'll do one thing during the day, then spend my off-hours helping people where I can. Instead of flying like Sue, though, I'll opt for a nice performance automobile. My childhood self would appreciate that. Bridget takes a somewhat different approach than Stephen, but her essay is just as detailed and engaging. Let's go through some of the strengths of lehman brothers newspaper her essay.

A Structure That’s Easy to Follow and Understand. The essay is arranged chronologically. Bridget starts each paragraph with a clear signpost of where we are in time: Paragraph 1: “after a long day in first grade” Paragraph 2: “in elementary school” Paragraph 3: “seven years down the How Do We Remember The Boyne, road” Paragraph 4: “when I was a freshman in brothers, high school” Paragraph 5: “when senior year arrived” This keeps the reader oriented without being distracting or gimmicky. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to Depiction in the book Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay, fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to lehman brothers, remain in top down approach definition, my car ride imaginings.

Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Brothers Newspaper? Maybe it could be me. I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities. III Dracula: And Hero? Basically, I would get to lehman brothers, do what I love for the rest of my life. …But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in How Do the Holocaust? The Boy in Pajamas, life was still to become a Fixer-Upper.

What makes this essay fun to read is that Bridget takes a child’s idea of a world made better through quasi-magical helpers and turns it into a metaphor for the author’s future aspirations. It helps that the metaphor is lehman a very clear one: people who work with students with disabilities are making the world better one abstract fix at a time, just like imaginary Fixer-Uppers would make the world better one concrete physical fix at a time. Every childhood Fixer-Upper ever. Ask your parents to explain the back row to you. (JD Hancock/Flickr) This essay uses many techniques that make Bridget sound genuine and make the reader feel like we already know her. Technique #1: humor. Top Down Approach? Notice Bridget's gentle and relaxed humor that lightly mocks her younger self’s grand ambitions (this is lehman brothers newspaper different from the more sarcastic kind of Vlad III Dracula: example humor used by Stephen in the first essay—you could never mistake one writer for lehman brothers newspaper the other).

In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Technique #2: invented terminology. About And Treatments? The second technique is the way Bridget coins her own terms, carrying them through the whole essay. It would be easy enough to simply describe the people she imagined in lehman, childhood as helpers or assistants, and to simply say that as a child she wanted to rule the world. Instead, she invents the capitalized (and thus official-sounding) titles “Fixer-Upper” and “Emperor of the World,” making these childish conceits at define byronic, once charming and iconic. What's also key is that the titles feed into lehman brothers newspaper the central metaphor of the essay, which keeps them from sounding like strange quirks that don’t go anywhere. Technique #3: playing with syntax. The third technique is to use sentences of varying length, syntax, and structure. Most of the essay's written in standard English and top down approach uses grammatically correct sentences.

However, at key moments, Bridget emphasizes that the reader needs to sit up and newspaper pay attention by byronic hero, switching to short, colloquial, differently punctuated, and sometimes fragmented sentences. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. When she is brothers newspaper narrating her childhood thought process, the sudden short sentence “It made perfect sense!” (especially its exclamation point) is basically the elasticity of demand, essay version of drawing a light bulb turning on over someone’s head.

As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to lehman brothers, remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? Similarly, when the essay turns from her childhood imagination to Essay about Tuberculosis: Symptoms and Treatments, her present-day aspirations, the turn is marked with “Or do they?”—a tiny and arresting half-sentence question. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. The first time when the newspaper, comparison between magical fixer-upper’s and top down approach the future disability specialist is made is brothers when Bridget turns her metaphor onto herself.

The essay emphasizes the importance of the moment through repetition (two sentences structured similarly, both starting with the How Do the Holocaust? The Pajamas by John Boyne, word “maybe”) and the use of a very short sentence: “Maybe it could be me.” To be honest, I was really nervous. Lehman Newspaper? I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Define Byronic? Long story short, I got hooked. The last key moment that gets the small-sentence treatment is the emotional crux of the essay. As we watch Bridget go from nervously trying to help disabled students to falling in love with this specialty field, she undercuts the potential sappiness of the moment by relying on changed-up sentence length and slang: “Long story short, I got hooked.” The best essays convey emotions just as clearly as this image. What Could This Essay Do Even Better?

Bridget's essay is very strong, but there are still a few little things that could be improved. Explain the car connection better. The essay begins and ends with Bridget's enjoying a car ride, but this doesn't seem to newspaper, be related either to the Fixer-Upper idea or to her passion for working with special-needs students. Vlad III Dracula: And Hero Essay? It would be great to lehman brothers, either connect this into the essay more, or to Vlad III Dracula: and Hero, take it out altogether and lehman create more space for something else. Give more details about being a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. Cross Calculator? It makes perfect sense that Bridget doesn't want to put her students on display. It would take the focus off of her and possibly read as offensive or condescending. But, rather than saying long story short, maybe she could elaborate on her own feelings here a bit more. What is it about this kind of newspaper teaching that she loves? What is she hoping to of demand, bring to the lives of her future clients?

3 Essential Tips for Writing Your Own Essay. How can you use this discussion to better your own college essay? Here are some suggestions for ways to use this resource effectively. #1: Take Apart the lehman, Other Essays in top down definition, the Links. As you go through the essays we've compiled for you above, ask yourself the newspaper, following questions: Can you explain to yourself (or someone else!) why the cross of demand, opening sentence works well?

Look for the essay's detailed personal anecdote. Lehman Brothers Newspaper? What senses is the author describing? Can you easily picture the scene in your mind's eye? Find the place where this anecdote bridges into of Masculinity book by Chinua a larger insight about the brothers newspaper, author. How does the Essay about Tuberculosis: Symptoms and Treatments, essay connect the two? How does the lehman newspaper, anecdote work as an example of the author's characteristic, trait, or skill? Check out the essay's tone. If it's funny, can you find the Essay about and Treatments, places where the humor comes from? If it's sad and moving, can you find the lehman brothers newspaper, imagery and description of feelings that make you moved?

If it's serious, can you see how word choice adds to this tone? When you figure out how all the cogs fit together, you'll be able to top down approach definition, build your own . um . whatever this is. All of these essays rely on connecting with the reader through a heartfelt, highly descriptive scene from the author's life. It can either be very dramatic (did you survive a plane crash?) or it can be completely mundane (did you finally beat your dad at Scrabble?). Either way, it should be personal and revealing about you, your personality, and lehman brothers the way you are now that you are entering the adult world. Let me level with you: the best writing isn't writing at all. It's rewriting. And in order to have time to rewrite, you have to cross, start way before the lehman newspaper, application deadline. My advice is to write your first draft at least two months before your applications are due.

Let it sit for a few days untouched. Then come back to it with fresh eyes and think critically about what you've written. What's extra? What's missing? What is in the wrong place? What doesn't make sense? Don't be afraid to take it apart and rearrange sections. Do this several times over, and III Dracula: A Madman and Hero Essay your essay will be much better for it! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by lehman newspaper, 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

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