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Business Plan for SBA, Bank or Grant Funding. An average Level 2 plan will include the Essay AIDS Prevention, following 26 sections: The cover page generally has your company logo, your contact information including name, address, telephone number, and free rock music e-mail address. We build our business plans with a linked table of contents that is done in a manner so that if any changes are made to the text, the page numbers can quickly be updated. A summation of the Essay AIDS Prevention, business plan and the first thing an investor will read, the executive summary entails the market need, the system, solution the company will bring to it, and how it will accomplish this. Essay AIDS. It includes a short description of the company's products and services, the size of the relevant market, how the ABC, Inc Business Analysis Essay, company is uniquely suited to succeed, and the amount of about Prevention in Africa investment being sought. Usually one or two pages in length, it is a brief yet important opportunity to persuade the reader to fugitive delve deeper into the document.

This section is done by our business plan writers. This section generally includes bullet points of your company's goals. These goals may include market capture rate, financial profitability timelines, and new product launch dates. A clear and concise statement defining your company's mission. A listing of the steps required to achieve the company's stated mission.

This section includes information regarding where the company will be located and how the company will be structured. A summation of the principal owners and their company share. Pre-Operating Source and Use of Funds. The pre-operating source and use of funds section details the expenses, assets, inventory, investment and debt needed to facilitate the company's business objectives. The pre-operating expenses and funding occur before the company receives revenue. This section is completed by our financial consultants.

This section describes the company's offering in the marketplace. It presents standard product and/or service descriptions, and Essay about AIDS Prevention how these differentiate the company from what is australian legal, currently on Prevention in Africa, the market. This is also the area to compromise of 1850 fugitive act detail any proprietary products or processes, intellectual property, exclusive designs, patents, or other innovative offerings. If relevant, it will outline why the management is Prevention in Africa, specially suited to bring the product to market, grow the company, help turn it around, etc. This section is done by our business plan writers. Detailed information on the company's immediate surroundings including: population, households, families, age, income, and other useful statistics. Tables and graphs are used to display the australian, information above.

This section is done by our business plan researchers. This section includes information on U.S. sales per state and sales per employee per state. Specific information for your state and city will be detailed in a custom table. This section is done by our business plan writers. Top Tapestry Segments for your area.

The U.S. Census Bureau has created a list of about AIDS tapestry segments that help businesses identify customers living in their area. This information is very important and includes a detailed description of the was built, type of people who live in your area. Essay AIDS Prevention. This section is done by our business plan writers. This information includes a variety of data collected by the U.S. Census Bureau and free rock music customized to the individual business and location. It may include some or all of the Essay about AIDS, following: population, growth, school enrollment, education attainment, marital status, region of birth, language spoken, employment status, how they commute to work, occupation, industries occupying the workforce, and class of worker. This section is australian legal system, done by our business plan writers. Marketing initiatives and a web operations summary are detailed here. This describes how customers will be reached, including specifics such as marketing channels, methods of advertising, campaign strategies, and strategic partnerships utilized.

This section is about, done by the berlin wall our business plan writers. Essay AIDS Prevention. The SWOT analysis is included to Near-Earth Objects on Society Essay provide an honest assessment of AIDS a company's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. It explains internal and wall was built to external factors, and positive and negative forces affecting your company. This helps investors see the current state of Essay about AIDS a company and it also is an excellent tool for self- assessment. The history of the company and its owners is explored, including how they will use their experience to implement successful business strategies. For larger operations, this will include a summary of management gaps as well. 123 Free. This section is done by our business plan writers.

Provides an overview of your financial situation and financial projections. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The revenue forecast section details the revenue that the company will receive and the direct costs. About AIDS Prevention In Africa. Comprehensive graphs illustrate the amount of revenue and gross margin each line item contributes. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The personnel forecast breaks down the payroll expense line on the income statement, and provides total headcount, average salary per category and total pay per category. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The income statement is also known as a profit #38; loss statement. This table breaks down revenue, cost of revenue, operating expenses, depreciation, interest, taxes, and bottom-line earnings for the first five years. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The statement of cash flow illustrates the company's cash received and fugitive act cash spent for a five-year period.

The table is broken down into three main categories: operating, investing, and about financing. The operating activities report the company's business operations. Investing activities detail the company's property, plant, and equipment transactions. Financing activities account for the company's paid-in capital and debt. Near-Earth And Their Impact. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The balance sheet includes the company's assets, liabilities, and shareholders' equity for a given time-period. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The break-even analysis details two different break-even points. The operating break-even accounts for the company's revenue and in Africa expenses on the income statement.

The investment cash flow break-even takes the operating break-even one step further by and Their Impact on Society including the inflow and outflows of the cash flow. The investment cash flow break-even looks at all transfers of money, except investments. This section is completed by our financial consultants. The best and worse case analysis illustrates what the company's financial statements might look like with an increase or decrease in revenue. This section is completed by our financial consultants.

Year 1 monthly forecast illustrates the company's first 12 months, after the pre-operating stage. This section is completed by our financial consultants.

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Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa

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MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays. 0.1) If you’ve been asked to submit a paper in MLA style, your instructor is about AIDS Prevention, asking you to format the page and ABC, Analysis Essay present the content in Essay Prevention, a specific way. Just as football referees dress a certain way, and 123 free Japanese chefs cook a certain way, writers in certain disciplines follow a certain set of conventions. This document will show you how to format an essay in Essay AIDS in Africa, MLA style. 0.2) If, instead of 123 free, questions about Essay AIDS in Africa, putting the final formatting touches on your essay, you have questions about what to write, see instead my handouts on writing a short research paper, coming up with a good thesis statement, and using quotations in the body of your paper.

(no comma between the author and page number; commas and ABC, Inc Business Essay periods go outside of inline quotes) Works Cited List. (lots of tricky details! sort alphabetically by author, not by the order the quotes appear in your paper) For the Essay about AIDS most complete information, check your campus library or writing center for the MLA Handbook for Writers of Objects on Society, Research Papers , 8th ed. MLA Style Format (First Page) How to Essay in Africa format the Works Cited page of an MLA style paper. Your word processor comes with default settings (margin, line height, paragraph spacing, and typeface) that will likely need adjustment. For MLA style, you need: 1-inch margins all around 2.0 line height (double-space the whole paper, including title block and Works Cited list) no extra spacing after the title, between paragraphs, or between bibliography items 12-point typeface (usually Times New Roman ) 1.1 Adjusting Document Settings in MS-Word (Windows)

My copy of Microsoft Word for Windows defaults to. 1-inch margins all around 1.15 line height 10pt spacing between paragraphs Calibri 11-point typeface. Changing to MLA Style (Windows) The default margins in my test run were fine, but if you need to change them: Page Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is too low. Change it to 2.0.

CTRL-A (select all your text) Home - Line Spacing - Remove Space After Paragraph Change the free rock music typeface to Times New Roman 12-point. Home - Font Face Selector (change to Times New Roman) 1.2 Adjusting Document Settings in MS-Word (Mac) My copy of Microsoft Word for AIDS Prevention in Africa, Mac defaults to. 1.25 inch left and right margins, 1 inch top and legal system bottom 1.0 line height no extra spacing after paragraphs Cambria 12-point typeface. In my test run, the left and right margins are too big. To change them: Layout - Margins - Normal (1-inch all around) The default line height is too low.

Change it to 2.0. Home - Line Spacing - 2.0 My Mac copy of MS-Word does not add extra spaces after paragraphs. If yours does: Don’t add space between paragraphs of the same style (check this box) - OK The 12-point Cambria will probably be fine, but to change the typeface: Home - Font Face Selector (change to Times New Roman) In the top right of every page, use your word processor’s “Page Header” function add an automatic page number and your surname. 2.1 Adding the Essay Prevention Page Header in MS-Word (Windows) Insert - Page Number - Top of free rock music, Page - (choose the right-justified “Plain Number” option) The cursor will jump automatically to in Africa the right place for 123 free, you to t ype your surname . Click anywhere in the body of the paper to exit the header area. 2.2 Adding the Page Header in MS-Word (Mac) Insert (in the top menu) - Page Numbers… - (Set “Position” to Essay Prevention in Africa “Top of Page (header)” and “Alignment” to “Right”) Click just to the left of the new page number, and type your surname . On my test document, my name was too far over to the left; grab the triangular tab adjuster just above your name, and drag it a notch to the right . In the upper left corner, type your name, your instructor’s name, the course number and section, and today’s date. Centered on the next line, type an 123 free, informative title that actually informs the reader of about AIDS Prevention, your main point (not just “English Paper” or “A Comparison between Hamlet and Macbeth”).

Like all the compromise of 1850 fugitive slave other text in an MLA style paper, the title block is double-spaced . The title is in Essay about AIDS Prevention, the same font as the rest of the paper — it is Inc Business Analysis, not boldface, or enlarged. There is no extra space above or below the title. A truly informative title will include the general topic, and Essay about your precise opinion on that topic. 123 Free. (So, if you pan to about AIDS Prevention compare Hamlet and Macbeth, your title should state the unique point you want to make about 123 free, Hamlet and Macbeth. Reuse part of Essay in Africa, your thesis statement.) This handout presumes you already know why you should cite your sources (to establish your authority, to introduce persuasive evidence, to avoid plagiarism, etc.), These instructions focus on how you format the page. Fugitive Slave. (For a resource to Essay about help you determine how to cite a specific source, see the MLA Bibliography Builder). To fully cite a source requires two stages. Free Rock Music. The first happens in the body of your paper (the “in-text citation”) and about AIDS Prevention in Africa the second happens on a separate page at the end of 123 free, your paper (see “Works Cited List,” below.) 4.1 Citing a Block Quote (more than three lines) Long quotes can start to look like filler. Only use a block quote if you have a very good reason to include the whole passage. AIDS Prevention In Africa. (You can usually make your point with a shorter quote.) If you do have a good reason to quote a passage that is free rock music, several lines long: Select the Essay AIDS in Africa text and click the “ Increase Indent ” icon (see image, right). Place the the berlin parenthetical citation (the author’s name and the page number) after the Essay about Prevention in Africa period . 123 Free. (This is different from inline quotes, below.) There is Essay AIDS, no comma between the australian legal author’s name and the page number.

If the quotation runs across more than one page: (Wordsworth-Fuller 20-21) or (Wordsworth-Fuller 420-21). Skip wordy introductions such as, “In his informative guide The Amazing Writing Book , published by Elizabeth Mount College in 2010, the noted composition expert Maxwell Wordsworth-Fuller describes the importance of citations in MLA style papers.” Cutting the about Prevention in Africa filler leaves more room to develop your own original ideas. Compromise Fugitive Act. (See “Integrating Quotations.”) 4.2 Citing an AIDS Prevention, Inline Quotation. When the passage you want to quote is less than three lines long, use inline style. Objects Essay. Here we have two brief passages, taken from the Essay about Prevention same page of the same source, so we can handle both with a single parenthetical citation. The parenthetical citation appears outside the quoted material. The Berlin. The period that ends the Essay AIDS sentence comes after the close parenthesis . ABC, Analysis Essay. (This is different from block quotes, above.) In this example, we have changed the first word a little, lowercasing it in order to fit it into our own sentence.

To let the reader know what we changed, we put [] around it. Again, note the absence of a full sentence that explains who Wordsworth-Fuller is and Essay Prevention where the quote comes from. All that info will be in the Works Cited list, so we leave it out of the body of the paper. Let’s imagine we want to reference Wordsworth-Fuller’s general idea about citation as a way to establish credibility, but we don’t need to include any of the Analysis technical details. We can save space, and make it much easier on our reader, if we paraphrase: Use paraphrasing for variety, or to about Prevention make a passing reference without taking up much space. If we use an author’s idea, rephrased in our own words, we must still cite the idea.

A research paper isn’t a research paper unless you end with full bibliographical details on every source you cited. This part can be tedious and tricky; leave yourself plenty of time to do it. Start a new page . MS-Word Wind: Insert - Page Break - New Page. MS-Word Mac: Document Elements - Break - Page. Title your new page: Works Cited. MLA style calls for no extra spaces above or below the page title; no special formatting. 5.1. Analysis. How to Essay about AIDS in Africa Create an Individual Works Cited Entry. Exactly what goes into each item in legal system, your bibliography depends on what kind of item it is. The following pages give you some questions to answer, then let you push a button to get an individual works-cited entry. If you prefer a more narrative explanation, see Purdue OWL’s handouts for Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa, how to create a bibliography entry for a book, an article in Near-Earth Objects Essay, a periodical (such as a journal or newspaper), or an electronic source (such as an about AIDS Prevention, email, web page or a YouTube clip).

See also this list of other common sources (such as a personal interview or a movie). 5.2. How to legal Organize Your Works Cited list. Sort the entries alphabetically by AIDS in Africa, the author ‘s last name. If the ABC, Inc Business author is an organization (such as a government agency or non-profit foundation), alphabetize according to the name of the Essay Prevention organization . If you are citing a painting, or a composer, then obviously “author” has to be interpreted a little loosely. Unless your instructor ask you to organize your Works Cited list differently, everything should be alphabetized together, in a single list. MLA does not require that you separate works of different kinds, or that you cite works in Objects on Society, the order that they appeared in your paper, or that you write annotations to go along with each item. Use double-spaced line height. Essay. (in my copy of Word, I select the 123 free text and choose Format - Paragraph - Line spacing - Double - OK.) Use hanging indent paragraph format. Essay About In Africa. (In my copy of word, I select the text then choose Format - Paragraph - Indentation - Special - Hanging Indent.) 29 May 2011 — new document posted, replacing outdated handout written in 1999.

06 Jun 2011 — expanded section on organizing the Works Cited list, since several readers asked for clarification. 07 Jun 2011 — reorganized for emphasis. 19 Apr 2012 — added numbers to more subheads. 30 Nov 2016 — added annotated Works Cited sample image. If your college instructor wants you to Objects and Their Impact on Society Essay cite every fact or opinion you find in an outside source, how do you make room for your own opinion? Paraphrase, quote selectively, and avoid summary.Dennis G. Jerz. MLA Works Cited Citation Builder.

0 thoughts on “ MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Tips for Writing Research Essays ” I think you should add an explanation about page numbers. That was what I was looking for, but I couldn’t find the significant area. Section 2 explains how to put page numbers in the header, and section 4 discusses page numbers in citations. How do you in text cite a website? I didnt really see much about that. Very good information, I really needed this incite on research paper formats. It has such thorough details and that make it so much easier to understand.

when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to the page number within the MLA document or the page number the text appears on within the authors works? That means the AIDS Prevention quote is from page 20 of the australian legal system book or article written by Wordsworth-Fuller. Thank you for valuable information. Before my college year in America I didn’t know what MLA Format was, but with this delicate information I will survive my college year. Thank you for useful information about how to Essay in Africa write MLA format essay. Before my college year I didn’t know there were many different forms of free rock music, essay. When my professor asked me to write MLA format I had no idea how to write it, but with your delicate information I think I will survive my college year. Thank you again. I’m glad to Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa know you found this page helpful.

Most instructors will be happy to help if you stop by during their office hours, and the berlin wall was built if your prof is too busy for that most universities will have a writing center where you can get help at any stage of any assignment involving writing. With your delicate information about to write MLA format essay in right way will lead me to Essay about AIDS successful college year. when you say page numbers (Wordworth-Fuller 20), are you referring to 123 free the page number within the MLA document or the page number the text appears on within the Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa authors works? In this case, your paper would be referring to something you found on page 20 of the text by Wordsworth-Fuller. i think you should add an explanation about compromise act, page header. that was what i was looking for. Is the Table of Contents double spaced – MLA? “@pretti_slimm: @Thyler_Jonzy http://t.co/QIf00vlgws try this site looks helpful”I just found a sample paper on Google.

Im in middle school and I have to do this. I have never heard of Essay AIDS, MLA Format and this helped ALOT. Thanks so much! Hopefully I get a good grade on legal this paper! I really find this useful (especially fudging the line spacing to 2.1).

Good job! Can you put what information is supposed to be in each paragraph. Emma, I’m afraid I don’t understand the Essay Prevention in Africa question. Fugitive. I feel like you’ve asked me what emotions are supposed to be in Essay Prevention, each verse of a song, or what colors are supposed to be in a painting. Was Built. There are many different kinds of songs and paintings, created for different reasons; likewise, there are many different kinds of paragraphs, written for different reasons. that was beautiful. I am writing to request permission to link your webpage, “MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for about AIDS Prevention, Writing Research Essays” to our website. Lansdale School of Business. I am glad you found this page helpful. Yes, you are welcome to include a link and a brief extract. Thank you so much!!

I love the Bib builder!! I’m glad to hear you found it helpful! RT @DennisJerz: MLA Format Papers: Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research Essays #mlastyle http://t.co/B6pGb3Pkeh. How do you add footnotes to an MLA style paper? Most word processors will have an Insert - Footnote or Insert - Note (footnote or endnote) option.

Most short college papers don’t need footnotes. (They aren’t for Essay, documenting sources — use an in-text citation and a Works Cited list instead.) I suggest you talk to your instructor about whether you really do need to use a footnote. When using MLA format, do you list the Essay about book title, the title of the Objects and Their Impact on Society article or both? For guidance on citing individual sources, see the Essay AIDS in Africa link in item 4, above. Free Rock Music. This page is about formatting the paper once you’ve already written it. I wrote a paper and it looks just like your example. I followed everything to the “t” and my professor says that my header is indented and my paragraphs are double indented and the page numbers are in wrong format. About AIDS Prevention In Africa. What can I do? Winston, I suggest you talk to your professor.

I have been teaching from thiis handout for years, and when a student makes a formatting error on a rough draft, I just ask them to fix it for the revision. But your instructor is the one who designed the to assignment and who evaluates your submissions, so he or she is the person to about in Africa approach with questions. I agree. .let me ask you this. Free Rock Music. Are your headers indented? The screenshot was taken from a page that I created following the instructions for using MS-Word with a MacBook Pro. I followed the about Prevention instructions that are on compromise of 1850 fugitive slave the page. About In Africa. But surely your instructor gave you guidelines, in a handout or an assigned textbook, which is why I encourage you to have this conversation with your instructor.

Whether your instructor does or does not agree with the information on this page really doesn’t matter, since your instructor created the assignment and system evaluates it according to his or her own criteria. Essay. I suggest you let your your teacher know you are confused about what you did wrong, and ask for 123 free, an opportunity to make minor formatting changes to about AIDS in Africa a paper that, we hope, met all the major criteria. We get asked often about compromise of 1850 fugitive slave act, what “format” the college application essay should be in. Essay In Africa. Although not generally… http://t.co/v1TTNxtE4e. seems easy enough. Dennis, what lends itself to legal science in the APA system? And what lends itself to the Humanities with the MLA? TIA. As compared to MLA papers, APA papers tend to be shorter, and divided up into sections. Authors who use APA style tend to Essay AIDS in Africa publish more frequently, because their knowledge goes out of date more quickly; so the Analysis Essay date is Essay AIDS, prominent in APA citations, and page numbers are rare.

By contrast, people who use MLA style tend to write longer essays that aren’t divided up into standard sections like “procedure” and “conclusions.” Humanities scholarship generally doesn’t go out of date quickly. Instead of conducting experiments, humanists read and write a lot of longer essays and books, re-interpreting and quoting passages from Objects Impact Essay, them. MLA style makes the about AIDS Prevention in Africa page numbers prominent, so that other scholars can easily find and re-read those same passages for slave act, themselves, and further the work of scholarship as it is conducted in the humanities. Thanks for AIDS Prevention, the reply. Australian Legal System. What do you mean by ” MLA style tend to write longer essays that aren’t divided up into standard sections like “procedure” and “conclusions.”? Are we not suppose to Essay about AIDS in Africa use conclusions in MLA format? In my English class, we use MLA with conclusions, but what do you mean by “procedure” and “conclusions”? I understand each instructor is different but is it right to use conclusions in Near-Earth and Their Impact Essay, an MLA paper…or am I getting confused? Typically papers written in Essay AIDS, MLA style DO have a conclusion, but it would not be set off in a separate section under the subheading “Conclusion.” MLA papers tend NOT to follow a standard, particular structure.

Papers written in the sciences DO have a fairly rigid set of the berlin was built, sections, with separate subheadings. But it’s best for you to talk to your teacher about the specifics of any asisgnment. Ok, thanks. I just wanted to ask and clarify it. About Prevention. Also, doesn’t the word “humanist” means something else entirely? The Humanist term today implies ‘human’ and is often used for atheists, for example… or am I wrong? I used the term “humanist” to mean “a person who studies the culture of humans,” without intending the more specific meaning you mention. At my school, the humanities division includes theologians. this was very helpful i got an A 95 percent. hi my name is Jessie i have to wall writ a 2 pages Essay about Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa, MLA can someone help me.

thank u i got an A 97 percent. u a real nigga dennis. This wasn’t helpful at all. Shavez, what were you looking for? This page is about formatting a paper you have already written. The first section includes links to pages about how to write essays.

Thank you very much for this useful information. Australian System. As a freshman in AIDS Prevention in Africa, highschool, my biology teacher asked for me to write an 123 free, essay in mLA format about evolution. I had no clue what mLA format was,so I searched it up and it brought me here. In middle school I never wrote an essay in this format before,but I feel very confident to type my first mLA essay and I’m excited to do so! (Right after I finish my draft .) thank you very much! (???)? I’m using a book title and author as my paper heading.

How is that formatted? I would tell my own students that a book title and about the name of an Analysis, author is not a good paper title, and I would ask them to write a title that catches the Essay about AIDS Prevention reader’s attention, identifies the Near-Earth Objects and Their Impact Essay topic, and identifies what position the paper is Essay Prevention, going to take on the topic. But if you are not my student, then I’m not the person who will be evaluating your paper. MLA style puts the the berlin book title in Essay in Africa, italics. Other than that, I really don’t have any advice for you. Very informative. It helped introduce my tired old mind to the MLA format.

So, I can better help coach and prepare my wife for ABC, Inc Business Analysis, her English course. Thank you very much. which writing style (MLA, APA) have more importance for students of social sciences, media sciences and business? I think you should include online resource citation instructions. Click on “Citing” at Essay Prevention the top of the page. One of the options on the other end of that link is wall to, how to cite a web page. This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder. Essay AIDS Prevention. Thank you! cool it was helpful.

is the Near-Earth and Their text or what you wrote supposed to be centered in the page or to the left margin. How do I cite a photo that I found online? Is it a historical photograph or a photograph published in a book that someone scanned and posted on about AIDS line, is the berlin to, it a photograph of something like a sculpture? Is your paper focused on Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa the work of the photographer, the makeup artist who prepared the 123 free model, the digital image enhancer who altered the Essay AIDS in Africa image, the model? There is no single correct way to cite a photograph, because there are many different reasons to cite a photograph. Your instructor would be able to give you more specific advice. In general, though, the 8th edition of the MLA guide would say something like this: Olsen, Jimmy. “Superman Rescues Boy Scouts from Lava Pit.” Photograph.

The Daily Planet . July 22, 1956. If you found the picture on a blog or a Flickr gallery, adjust the citation accordingly. If you found the 123 free image as the Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa result of a Google search for something, you might very well end up finding a page that re-uses someone else’s picture without appropriately giving credit. There are many variables. Talk to Inc Business Analysis your instructor, who will be the one grading your work, and Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa will therefore be the right person to advise you on what to do. hahahah xD me too same. I would Like You To Give Simple Instructions Not Complicated Ones , and Include also how much Papers Should be worked on. Khalid, if there is any particular detail you are confused about, please let me know what question you have and perhaps I can help. There is no specific answer to how much a paper should be worked on.

It depends on what grade you want to earn, how much time you have, whether your instructor is 123 free, willing to meet with you before the due date, whether your instructor will give you the chance to revise your work, and many other factors. This article..thing is the only reason I am passing my online college class. Especially the citation builder. Thank you!

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AE Manager / Architecture And Engineering Manager. Hillsboro , OR 97123. Introduction ASML brings together the Prevention most creative minds in science and technology to develop lithography machines that are key to producing faster, cheaper, more energy-efficient microchips. We design, develop, integrate, market and service these advanced machines, which enable our customers - the 123 free worlds leading chipmakers to reduce the size and increase the functionality of their microchips, which in turn leads to smaller, more powerful consumer electronics. Our headquarters are in Veldhoven, the Netherlands, and we have 18 office locations around the United States including main offices in Wilton, CT, Chandler, AZ and San Jose, CA. ## Job Mission Own, contribute and drive site readiness, process improvements, and organizational improvement projects on behalf of the CS organization to drive the introduction of ASML products. E / Architecture and Engineering Manager will be the primary point of contact to internal and external customers regarding the customer facilities required to about AIDS Prevention support ASML products (DUV, EUV, Metrology). They will also be the single point of free rock music contact to all internal organizations that provide information to the customer or need information from the Prevention in Africa customer regarding support facilities. Free Rock Music. Primary deliverables include arranging the delivery of the ASML Requirement packages, system upgrade/FCO facility requirements, feedback to internal customers regarding facility needs/capabilities, and support the interpretation of customer design data internally. Customer interface: * Manage all communication with the customer. AIDS. Drive customer needs internally.

Manage customer expectations. Find alternative solutions that meet customer needs while simultaneously meeting ASML business requirements. Plan and free rock music, Prioritize: * Creates and uses detailed project plan (deliverables, why, who, when, how, what) * Clearly defines deliverables for about in Africa project members. Defines clear and quantifiable priorities. Manage Project Structure: * Is able to Near-Earth and Their Impact identify resources needed for proper project delivery and escalates when not available. Is able to Essay about AIDS Prevention make planning based on available resources. Is able to challenge the system assignment and agree on SMART deliverables. AIDS In Africa. Manage project meetings. Has regular progress reporting to stakeholders / sponsors / project team.

Understands proper escalation paths and solve basic road blocks. Delegate and Follow Up: * Allocates work and appoints owners to logical buckets of deliverables in line with team structure. Manage Risks and Customer Requirements: * Is able to assess and address risk based on input project members. Is able to understand operational risks within own scope. Was Built. Education Bachelors degree in an Engineering discipline such as Mechanical. , Electrical, or Structural. AIDS Prevention. Bachelors' or Masters' Degree in Architectural Engineering highly preferred!

Masters Degree highly preferred. PMP Certification helpful but no necessary. 5-10 Architectural and Engineering experience working with challenging, highly technical, large budget projects with a lot of moving parts. Semiconductor or similar complex technologies experience required. Detailed understanding of Semiconductor FAB facilities would be advantageous.

Fluent in reading and accurately interpreting technical, facilities drawings and blueprints. Exemplary Account Management skills with highly advanced experience interfacing with customers as well as being adept at utilizing diplomacy, direct and clear communication. Experience developing strategies to address controversial topics with customers. Excellent written and Inc Business Analysis, verbal and listening communications skills. About In Africa. Able to independently create and deliver customer ready presentations.

Willing to work within a clean room and all supporting areas. Professional, with excellent written, verbal and listening communications skills. Ability to remain level-headed and objective under customer scrutiny and tight deadlines. Able to convince, inspire and motivate people. Possess the ability to lead multiple interdisciplinary teams to manage the 123 free project execution. Able to about in Africa manage project structure using project management tools, delegate tasks and follow up. Must able to work independently and also effectively as a member of a team. Ability to thrive in of 1850 fugitive a fast-paced environment. Ability to embrace changing work schedules based on project stage and customer needs. About. Context of the the berlin to position The physical demands described here are representative of those that must be met by an employee to successfully perform the essential functions of this job. . Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions.

While performing the in Africa duties of this job, the employee routinely is required to 123 free sit; walk; talk; hear; use hands to keyboard, finger, handle, and feel; stoop, kneel, crouch, twist, reach, and stretch. Frequent travel to the customer site Able to work in a clean room The employee is about Prevention in Africa occasionally required to move around the campus. The employee may occasionally lift and/or move up to 20 pounds. May require travel dependent on ABC, Essay company needs. Specific vision abilities required by this job include close vision, color vision, peripheral vision, depth perception, and Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa, ability to adjust focus. And Their On Society Essay. Work well under deadlines. In Africa. The environment generally is moderate in temperature and noise level. Must be able to read and interpret data, information, and Objects Impact Essay, documents. Can observe and respond to people and situations and interact with others encountered in the course of work.

Can learn and apply new information or skills. /AA (W/M/Vets/Disability) Employer Location: Hillsboro. OR, US Level: Bachelor Experience: 5-10 Experienced Available since: 2017-09-15 Functional area: Industrial Engineering Background: Others. Technical Reference: US03177. Essay About In Africa. Create a job alert for AE Manager / Architecture And Engineering Manager at Hillsboro, OR. Great! You#39;ll now receive job alerts for AE Manager / Architecture And Engineering Manager at Hillsboro, OR.

Create a job alert for AE Manager / Architecture And Engineering Manager at Hillsboro, OR. Architecture And Engineering Manager. Leading Technology Company. Near-Earth And Their Impact On Society. Posted 9 days ago. VIEW JOBS 9/24/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-23T00:00 The A E / Architecture and Essay about AIDS, Engineering Manager will be the primary point of contact to internal and australian legal system, external customers regarding the Essay customer facilities required to support ASML products (DUV, EUV, Metrology). They will also be the single point of Objects Impact contact to all internal organizations that provide information to the customer or need information from the customer regarding support facilities. Primary deliverables include arranging the delivery of the ASML Requirement packages, system upgrade/FCO facility requirements, feedback to internal customers regarding facility needs/capabilities, and support the interpretation of customer design data internally.Customer interface:Manage all communication with the customerDrive customer needs internallyManage customer expectationsFind alternative solutions that meet customer needs while simultaneously meeting ASML business requirementsPlan and Prioritize: -Creates and Essay Prevention in Africa, uses detailed project plan (deliverables, why, who, when, how, what) -Clearly defines deliverables for project members -Defines clear and ABC, Inc Business Analysis Essay, quantifiable prioritiesManage Project Structure: -Is able to identify resources needed for proper project delivery and escalates when not available -Is able to make planning based on available resources -Is able to challenge the Prevention assignment and agree on SMART deliverables -Manage project meetings-Has regular progress reporting to stakeholders / sponsors / project team -Understands proper escalation paths and compromise slave, solve basic road blocks Delegate and Follow Up: -Allocates work and appoints owners to logical Companyets of Essay about Prevention in Africa deliverables in line with team structure Manage Risks and Customer Requirements: -Is able to assess and address risk based on input project members -Is able to understand operational risks within own scope EducationBachelors degree in an Engineering discipline such as Mechanical, Electrical, or Structural.Bachelors or Masters Degree in Architectural Engineering highly preferred!Masters Degree highly preferred.PMP Certification helpful but no necessaryExperience5-10 Architectural and Engineering experience working with challenging, highly technical, large budget projects with a lot of moving parts.Semiconductor or similar complex technologies experience requiredDetailed understanding of compromise of 1850 Semiconductor FAB facilities would be advantageous.Fluent in reading and accurately interpreting technical, facilities drawings and blueprints.Exemplary Account Management skills with highly advanced experience interfacing with customers as well as being adept at utilizing diplomacy, direct and Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa, clear communication.Experience developing strategies to address controversial topics with customers.Excellent written and the berlin wall to, verbal and listening communications skills.Able to Essay about AIDS in Africa independently create and deliver customer ready presentations.Willing to work within a clean room and all supporting areas.Personal skillsProfessional, with excellent written, verbal and listening communications skills.Ability to remain level-headed and objective under customer scrutiny and tight deadlines.Able to convince, inspire and compromise of 1850 fugitive, motivate people.Possess the ability to lead multiple interdisciplinary teams to manage the Essay Prevention project execution.Able to manage project structure using project management tools, delegate tasks and 123 free, follow up.Must able to work independently and also effectively as a member of a team.Ability to Prevention in Africa thrive in compromise of 1850 a fast-paced environment.Ability to embrace changing work schedules based on project stage and customer needs.br/ Associated topics: architect, architectural, architecture, building, construction, drafter, structural engineer Leading Technology Company Hillsboro OR. Wireless Validation Engineering Manager.

Posted 2 days ago. Essay About. VIEW JOBS 10/1/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-30T00:00 **Job Description** Manage Bluetooth verification/validation/QA team of software professional who are responsible for Intel’s BT solutions in the Windows, Linux, Android, Chrome, OSX and Objects and Their Essay, IOS space. Experience in software and firmware integration and testing from the Prevention planning stage all the way through product end of Objects and Their Impact on Society life cycle. A group that is responsible for delivering results over many areas of the software lifecycle: design, developing, debugging, validating, optimizing, benchmarking, customer engagement and product support. This might include systems software, drivers, high performance computing, development tools, enterprise applications, consumer applications and user interfaces. Responsible for Intel’s Connectivity solution quality. Essay AIDS. Plans and Near-Earth Objects Essay, provides resources for AIDS and directs activities in system engineering function to meet schedules, standards, and cost. Cultivates and reinforces appropriate group values, norms and behaviors. Identifies and analyzes problems, plans, tasks, and in Africa, solutions. Can Do attitude and growth mindset is a must.

Provides guidance for australian legal system employee development, performance, and about AIDS Prevention in Africa, productivity issues. Plans and schedules daily tasks, uses judgement on a variety of Near-Earth and Their problems requiring deviation from standard practices. **Behavioral traits for this position include:** Upbeat, positive and AIDS Prevention, innovative mindset is needed Independent, proactive, accountable and self-driven skills are a must Outstanding interpersonal skills and legal, someone who is capable of effectively motivating the team Someone who isn’t afraid to get up in front of a room full of talented engineers and executives and present their team’s work A leader who has deep as well as wide technical competency in the wireless technologies Excellent collaboration between teams is needed as the team is remote from the majority of the rest of the engineering sites **Qualifications** 10y+ of experience in SW/FW development and/or verification/validation/QA in Essay Prevention Wireless 5y+ of experience people management for large teams; grow a team of highly effective, highly innovative software engineers 5y+ SCRUM Master/Agile, SDLC and Product Management Minimum Bachelor, preferably Master#39;s in Computer Science, Electrical Engineering or related field Must demonstrate hands-on testing knowledge of the berlin to white box and black box testing techniques Must have sufficient software skills to implement test harnesses and test automation, including fluency in Essay AIDS Prevention scripting languages such as Python, C/C++ and C# Experience in software development for testing with a proven track record of delivering production quality software products in a fast paced environment. Set the technology vision and strategy for diagnostic systems, powered by big data and constant connectivity. Design and develop software that achieves this vision. Act. Lead, and contribute to Essay AIDS in Africa technical requirements, architecture, and interface design documents. Survey requirements and plans, and wall was built to, remain coordinated with, allied groups in Software Development, Product Development, Validation or Manufacturing. **Preferred skills and in Africa, experience:** In-depth understanding of both Bluetooth Classic and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) protocol Extended Bluetooth testing experience In depth understanding of ALM solutions Experience working with Bluetooth protocol analyzer or packet sniffers Familiarity with Bluetooth SIG certification and experience working with BQB is a plus **Inside this Business Group** Communication Devices Group: The wireless revolution at Intel!

We are one team - passionate engineers and 123 free, technologists from diverse industry backgrounds working together to realize a world of connected computing. We are bringing the best ideas from the brightest minds to deliver future mobile experiences into the market. Prevention In Africa. We are on Near-Earth Objects Impact Essay the journey towards making Intel a wireless leader with exciting products for the Internet of Things, 5G and AIDS, an opportunity to ABC, Inc Business Analysis Essay change the world with your work. **Posting Statement.** Intel prohibits discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, national origin, age, disability, veteran status, marital status, pregnancy, gender expression or identity, sexual orientation or any other legally protected status. Intel Hillsboro OR. Posted 3 days ago. Essay In Africa. VIEW JOBS 9/30/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-29T00:00 strongJob Description/strongpbr/bEducation:/bbr/Candidate should possess a Master s degree with at australian legal system, least 7 years additional experience in Essay Electrical or Computer Engineering./ppbr/bMinimum Requirements:/bbr/- Minimum of 3 years of management experience/pp- Minimum of 5 years of experience in technical leadership/pp- Minimum of 5 years of experience with RTL design and ABC, Inc Business Essay, development for in Africa use in FPGAs or ASICs/ppbr/bPreferred Qualifications:/bbr/- 3 years of experience in RD/pp- Demonstrated leadership in selecting, building, developing, and retaining strong problem solving and innovative teams./pp- Proven success in leading complex, cross-organizational teams to deliver business results/pp- Proven interpersonal skills resulting in resolving complex organizational and personnel challenges/pp- Strong communication skills written and verbal with ability to influence cross group technical stakeholders/pp- Self-starter, who has a demonstrated ability to make key decisions and create product and division strategies/ppbr/strongQualifications/strong/pstrongInside this Business Group/strongpNon-Volatile Solutions Memory Group: The Non-Volatile Memory Solutions Group is a worldwide organization that delivers NAND flash memory products for use in Solid State Drives (SSDs), portable memory storage devices, digital camera memory cards, and other devices. The group is responsible for NVM technology design and legal, development, complete Solid State Drive (SSD) system hardware and about AIDS, firmware development, as well as wafer and fugitive act, SSD manufacturing./pstrongPosting Statement./strong Intel prohibits discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, national origin, age, disability, veteran status, marital status, pregnancy, gender expression or identity, sexual orientation or any other legally protected status.

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essay office space Mike Ludwig of Truthout: Trump's nominee to Essay Prevention in Africa head the EPA's clean air program has represented industry groups opposed to new standards meant to protect workers from cancerous dust. Trump's Quest to Enrich the Richest: An Interview With Noam Chomsky. The Trump administration's policies at home and abroad represent the current form of the Republican Party: a wrecking ball wielded by the powerful. Work Sucks: How the Movie Office Space Proves Radicalism Lives in the Mainstream.

Few films in recent decades have so successfully spoken to the day-to-day realities of service sector employment as 1999's Office Space. Free Rock Music! Written and directed by Mike Judge, the fictional film is extraordinarily witty and remarkably popular. Though a comedy, it subtly confronts its viewers with a number of questions which thinkers within radical and Essay in Africa, leftist political circles have pondered for the berlin wall was built quite some time: Why are jobs often so dissatisfying? Why do many of us constantly seek out in Africa ways of escaping? Can anything be done about it? Why a Radical Analysis, and Why Office Space? Obviously, in seeking to ABC, do a radical analysis of anything, it is imperative that the reader have some understanding of Essay about what one means when employing the term radical. As political scientist Stephen R. Shalom explains, the term 'radical' means relating to the root, or fundamental. More specifically, in legal the pursuit of Essay AIDS Prevention changing society so as to improve people's lives, a radical is someone who wants fundamental change - not just a few cosmetic adjustments. [1] Therefore, the australian legal system, word radical is used here to convey the specific type of lens through which this paper will analyze Office Space. Traditionally, this lens is associated with the political left, which effectively means that its subjects are studied, first and foremost, in the context of the socioeconomic system we call capitalism.

This system - as opposed to specific governments, employers, individuals, policies, etcetera - is the root with which radicals are chiefly concerned and seek to about AIDS change, to one extent or another (and at one speed or another), in order to improve people's social, political and economic lives. Before proceeding further, a quick disclosure is probably in order for those who may be new to radical modes of the berlin wall to analysis. Very often, radical literature incorporates elements of Essay Marxism - concepts developed by the 19th-century philosopher and political-economist Karl Marx. This is of 1850, important to disclose because it is difficult to think of a political figure whose name alone can generate more discomfort (save, perhaps, for Hitler or Stalin) than Karl Marx. AIDS! As Mary Gabriel, a recent biographer of Marx and his family, explains, the Marxist label is australian legal, generally only used as toxic sludge against political opponents, often without any real understanding of what such a term connotes.[2] Yet we should be very careful not to banish all of Marx's work from Essay Prevention in Africa, political discussion simply because of the heinous atrocities committed (to one extent or another) by free rock music, those purporting to Essay about Prevention be Marxists, in countries he never set foot in, many decades after his death. Because the overwhelming majority of his time was spent critiquing capitalism - not designing a communist system to replace it - fans of Office Space might find that he, and those who have since followed in his tradition, actually had diverse and interesting things to say about the nature of our working lives. So why, then, would Office Space merit a radical analysis? As hinted at by the australian, film's pithy tagline, Work Sucks, one of the Essay Prevention, basic premises of my analysis is that Office Space cleverly raises many questions that radical thinkers have long discussed in great detail (thereby rendering the film politically important).

And given its mainstream popularity, the film provides us a unique opportunity to discuss aspects of radical political theory in free rock music ways that a far greater number of Essay about AIDS Prevention people relate to than those already present within activist and intellectual circles. The Plot and Main Characters. The basic, surface-level plot of Office Space is relatively straightforward: the mild-mannered protagonist, Peter Gibbons, despises his job at the computer software firm Initech. The first 15 minutes brilliantly illuminate the and Their Essay, setting and tone of the film, and are thus extremely important. The viewer is AIDS, shown every detail of Peter's work-life, from the alarm clock shrieking, to driving in agonizingly slow traffic, to the daily electric zap he receives upon opening the door to his thoroughly sterilized, cubicle-filled workroom. Objects Impact! The very first camera shot inside of the about, room is clearly intended to free rock music impress upon the viewer the dreariness of Peter's station in life - we are confronted with an endless, impersonal sea of AIDS people, all working quietly in tiny cubicles, amid the electronic clamor of innumerable machines and illumined by wall was built, stale fluorescent lighting. It happens to be a Monday, but the Essay in Africa, viewer instinctively senses that what Peter has just experienced is remarkably unexceptional. After observing his daily routine and watching him get hassled by several bosses over a mundane company regulation, Peter becomes a sympathetic, if not deeply relatable, character to the viewer. But after a botched occupational hypnotherapy session, in which Peter is left suspended in a hypnotized state, his outlook and behavior completely change.

He disregards the ABC, Essay, alarm clock, hangs up on his girlfriend, ignores calls from his job, all while remaining completely unfazed and unapologetic. During a meeting with the efficiency consultants - a callous duo referred to collectively as The Bobs - Peter is told that his office comrades, Michael and Samir, are soon going to be laid off, and his outlook takes another dramatic turn. He hatches a plot with Michael and Essay AIDS in Africa, Samir to ABC, Inc Business Essay install a virus in Initech's computer mainframe that will deposit money into an account every day. When the three meet to discuss the about AIDS Prevention, plan, we can see how much Peter has changed since the start of the film: he finally feels confident, autonomous and empowered (albeit for unethical reasons). We soon learn that the virus was programmed incorrectly. Fully aware that this will be quickly discovered by Initech, Peter decides to take full responsibility for the plot.

He writes a letter of apology and returns the money under the cover of night, but, fortunately for him, the building burns down (at the hand of his comically strange co-worker, Milton) the following morning. Peter goes on to take a job with a construction company. The Film and Political Theory. So how should we interpret the film? In what we could call the fatalistic interpretation, Peter's actions, and the film itself, would not be in favor of anything so much as against something: the Essay, realities and drudgeries of life itself. Essay Prevention! Peter would be akin to the child who cries and acts out in anger when a favorite pet dies. He feels, in legal the depths of his being, that the situation is unfair, indecent and wrong, but is failing to Prevention in Africa accept what is ultimately inevitable. While that may make him sympathetic to us, it would not make him brave. Alternatively, a conservative interpretation would stress that Peter's initial situation merits no sympathy from the the berlin wall, viewer - for, after all, he freely chooses to Essay AIDS in Africa work at ABC, Inc Business Essay Initech - and Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa, his diatribes about what work should be like amount to little more than foolish naivete.

In other words, Peter has chosen his station in life and, though he is free to complain about his job all he pleases, he has little grounds for free rock music doing so. If there is anyone or anything to blame, this interpretation would suggest, it is Peter himself. This essay, on the contrary, argues something different. Part of AIDS Office Space's wonderful appeal is the berlin wall, that it is not explicitly political or ideological. Admittedly, though, this results in mixed messages and, consequently, several reasonable - but markedly different - possible ways of interpreting the film. In contrast to the aforementioned interpretations, I argue that Peter's situation is not a mere reaction to about in Africa some fatalistic human condition, nor is it completely of his own making. Office Space is popular, in large part, precisely because Peter represents a kind of hero. Free Rock Music! But to Essay about Prevention answer why he is perceived that way, we must first see that Peter's dissatisfaction ultimately springs from Near-Earth Objects, disempowerment and a deep sense of Prevention what should be but, at this moment in history, is not. One way to compromise of 1850 fugitive act see this scenario is by observing Office Space alongside elements of radical political theory. The dominant ideologies in American political discourse provide us with few tools (if any) to Essay about AIDS analyze Office Space as a political film. Conservatives and Near-Earth Objects on Society, libertarians would likely subscribe to Essay about AIDS in Africa the second interpretation above and would dwell on Peter's so-called personal responsibility to do that which is in his self-interest.

But even liberalism, for all its merits, regularly falls short of meaningfully connecting with the to, daily life of any working person. Prevention! For example, liberals calling themselves progressive may advocate for full employment as part of macroeconomic policymaking, but they are largely silent on the issue of what that employment might actually entail, whether or not it is empowering for was built each worker, meaningful, etcetera. A job is thus viewed simply as that which provides the recipient with a means of securing an Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa, income and having something to do with his or her time and fugitive slave act, energy. Any inquiry into the nature of Essay about Prevention this potential employment - as experienced by the individual worker on australian legal system a daily basis - is deemed by the liberal to fall well outside of pragmatic policy concerns, perhaps because the very principles of workplace democracy and worker self-management are themselves regarded as hopelessly utopian. Out of both political expediency and a paternalistic attitude toward the competence of working people, therefore, the rallying cry is Essay Prevention, restricted to Jobs! rather than Empowering Jobs! But what do workplace democracy and 123 free, worker self-management have to do with Office Space? Much of Peter's own misery seems to arise from his being disempowered by Initech. But by in Africa, choosing solidarity over an upper-management job - as when he devises the scheme with Michael and Samir after being informed that they will be fired - he hints that power for himself was not his only aim. The film suggests that Peter's true gripe seems to be with a system in which a small group of compromise of 1850 slave people is able to exert a disproportionate amount of control over the respective fates of a far larger group of people - a system in which the daily debasement of Essay Prevention in Africa human potential and free rock music, dignity becomes not only Essay about Prevention, acceptable, but perhaps even profitable, a system in which stock prices, standardization, routine and efficiency seem to have take precedence over human beings (as when Peter reveals that laying off Michael and Samir will increase Initech's stock price). Early on, Peter senses that this situation is unfair, but he - as many of the berlin wall was built us often do - frequently chooses to escape from these feelings rather than confront them. If there is one dominant theme throughout Office Space, it is that of escape.

It occurs with multiple characters and in myriad ways throughout the film. Essay AIDS Prevention In Africa! For example, Peter tries to escape from reality by going to the hypnotherapist and asking to the berlin be made to think he has been fishing all day upon coming home from work; co-worker Tom Smykowski is severely injured in a car accident after trying to kill himself - the ultimate form of escape; the entire scheme of uploading a computer virus was not only an attack against Initech, but also a means of Essay AIDS in Africa permanently escaping from the company and all other jobs where one could be fired for system no reason, as Peter puts it. Even Milton escapes to a tropical island for what we can only assume is an extended vacation from work. Alienation, the Division of Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa Labor, and Hostility. But why is there such a drive toward escapism?

What is it about their jobs and lives that compels our characters toward the pursuit of escape? Out of all the concepts within the of 1850 fugitive, radical political tradition, it would be difficult to find one more appropriate for Office Space than the concept of alienation. The theory of alienation, as radical political scientist Bertell Ollman explains, is the intellectual construct in which [Karl] Marx displays the devastating effect of capitalist production on human beings, on their physical and mental states and on the social processes of about Prevention in Africa which they are a part.[3] The effect is devastating, Marx argued, in no small part because the jobs that most of the berlin wall us perform do not satisfy any of our inherent needs as human beings. Rather, our labor only serves as a means toward satisfying an Essay about Prevention, external need - that is, making money to free rock music survive. Essay AIDS Prevention! The alien character of work becomes abundantly clear, Marx writes, in the fact that as soon as no physical or other compulsion exists, labor is wall to, shunned like the AIDS Prevention in Africa, plague.[4] Therefore, when Peter tells his next-door neighbor, Lawrence, that if money were not an issue, I would relax, I would sit on my ass, all day, I would do nothing, he is doing much more than expressing his dissatisfaction with Initech; he is confirming Marx's suspicions about how human beings react toward a life of alienated labor. Alienation is of 1850 fugitive, so crushing, radicals argue, precisely because it exists on numerous levels: as if by some invisible force outside of human control, we are compelled to do work that is not enriching or meaningful, and is therefore alien (remember Peter's nightmare wherein the judge deems he has lived a trite and meaningless life); the AIDS Prevention in Africa, very things we make or work on - like Peter's TPS reports - have essentially no real meaning for us and are therefore alien; the people who have an interest in getting us to and Their Essay do this unpleasant work, like Lumbergh, quickly become antagonists, and therefore alien to us; and, as a result of all these daily processes, our potentialities and aspirations as human beings are frequently abandoned - as when Peter wishes to do nothing - and are thereby rendered alien to us.[5] It is precisely due to this last alienation from our species that Marx argued working people will eventually only feel free when satisfying what he called our animal functions, such as eating, drinking and procreating. It is thus no accident that when Lawrence is asked by Essay Prevention, Peter what he would do if he had a million dollars - in other words, what he would truly want to do with his life were money not an issue - his response is a sexual fantasy.

Thus, radicals would generally agree with the famous Office Space tagline, Work Sucks, but with one small, yet crucial alteration: Alienated Work Sucks. But what is it about the and Their Impact on Society Essay, nature of AIDS Prevention in Africa modern work that makes it so alienating? Radicals often point to the highly evolved division of labor - that is, the breaking down of work into simple, repetitive tasks that each individual becomes responsible for, while much of the free rock music, thinking about and overseeing of work is carried out by a coordinator class.[6] However, as the AIDS, renowned psychoanalyst and critical theorist Erich Fromm argued, this intense division of labor also lead[s] to an organization of work where the individual loses his individuality, where he becomes an expendable cog in the machine.[7] This process occurs regularly under capitalism, Fromm argued, precisely because the Analysis Essay, worker is viewed as part of the equipment hired by [capitalists], and his role and function are determined by about in Africa, this quality of being a piece of 123 free equipment.[8] If Peter's wish to Essay AIDS in Africa do nothing is indeed a key message of Office Space, then we must again yield to Fromm, who, writing in 123 free 1955, argued that, The alienated and profoundly unsatisfactory character of work results in two reactions: one, the ideal of complete laziness ; the other, a deep-seated, though often unconscious hostility toward work and everything and everybody connected with it.[9] In addition to about AIDS Prevention in Africa his point about laziness, Fromm's point regarding hostility is also apparent throughout Office Space. Whether it is Peter's contempt for the receptionist seated in the cubicle across from him, Michael's contempt for the woman who hands out the employee mail, Joanna's contempt for the eccentric waiter, or Peter, Michael, and Samir's mutual contempt for the office printer, it must be considered that their hostility does not merely spring from differences in personality or problems with the functioning of a particular machine. Inc Business Analysis Essay! Rather, it is the AIDS in Africa, sheer undesirability of their work situation that creates a setting in which it becomes remarkably easy to grow hostile toward everything and Near-Earth Objects and Their on Society Essay, everybody connected with it.

Because the worker becomes an appendage of the machine who must learn only the Prevention, most simple, most monotonous, most easily acquired knack,[10] all while placed under the command of free rock music a perfect hierarchy of officers and sergeants[11] (such as Lumbergh, Dom, The Bobs, etcetera), the irrepressible feeling that one's needs as a human being are being relentlessly subordinated to the company's need to make money can, over time, lead to hostility and Essay Prevention in Africa, even violence. To this point, we must marvel at 123 free some of Marx's and Friedrich Engels' observations in Essay about in Africa The Communist Manifesto. As if foreseeing Office Space by 150 years, the authors noted that many workers will at wall was built first destroy the instruments of production rather than the system of production which forces the great majority of them to Essay about sell themselves piecemeal.[12] Thus, when the wall was built to, authors write of these disgruntled workers that they smash to about Prevention in Africa pieces machinery,[13] we quickly recall the epic printer scene, where Peter, Michael and Samir destroy the temperamental printer in the middle of a barren field; and when Marx and Engels write they set factories ablaze,[14] we cannot help but think of Milton nervously fleeing the scene as the Initech building is reduced to ashes. Office Space reminds us that much radical sentiment exists in the mainstream, but is rarely identified as such. Australian System! This example should lead us to consider the many arguments for worker ownership, worker self-management and workplace democracy. The general tendency of such arguments is that if alienation is to ever be successfully eliminated, what is necessary (though not necessarily sufficient by itself) [15] is Essay, a true democratization of decision-making authority in the workplace. Such a democratization is also necessary if the worker versus coordinator effect is to be eliminated (or at least severely minimized).[16] Hierarchical organization of authority often leads to a situation of mutual mistrust between the Peters and the Lumberghs of the world. In contrast, within Spain's massive Mondragon cooperative community, asymmetries in power and information are thus negated by a conscious arrangement which most of compromise of 1850 slave us value quite dearly: democracy. But simply fantasizing about such a situation will, of course, not bring it into existence. For that, nothing but good old-fashioned action will do.[17] Peters of the world, unite! Stephen Rosskamm Shalom, Which Side Are You On?

An Introduction to Politics (New York: Longman Publishers, 2003), 29-30. Mary Gabriel, Who Was Karl Marx? CNN, 10/29/11. (Accessed on 06/12/12) Bertell Ollman, Alienation: Marx's Conception of Prevention Man in Capitalist Society (New York: Cambridge University Press), 131. Karl Marx, edited by Dirk J. Struik, The Economic Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 (New York: International Publishers, 2001) 110-111. The criteria for what constitutes a coordinator are not precise, but, as the originators of the term describe, . the coordinator wants to 123 free preserve a relative monopoly of conceptual skills and Essay about, expertise giving him or her an interest in preventing the widespread intellectual advance of workers, as well as a paternal, elitist attitude toward them. Free Rock Music! Michael Albert and Robin Hahnel, Socialism Today and Tomorrow (MA: South End Press, 1981), 32-33, 38. Erich Fromm, The Art of Loving (New York: HarperCollins, 2006), 79. Erich Fromm, The Sane Society (New York: Fawcett World Library, 1955), 162. Fromm (1955), 163, italics in Essay Prevention original. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto (New York: Penguin Books, 2002), 227.

Also available online. (Accessed on slave 06/12/12) The degree to which instituting workplace democracy can, by itself, resolve the core defects of about Prevention capitalism is the source of considerable debate among radicals themselves. Act! For overviews of this debate and various perspectives on about AIDS Prevention in Africa it, see, for 123 free example, Against the Essay about AIDS in Africa, Market by David McNally, Market Socialism: The Debate Among Socialists, edited by Bertell Ollman;, Remaking Scarcity (specifically Chapters 8 and 9) by Costas Panayotakis; and, Against the wall to, Market Economy: Advice to Venezuelan Friends by Robin Hahnel. (Accessed on 06/12/12) The lopsided power imbalance between those who coordinate the work and those who do the work quickly creates two distinct, opposing forces: one either gives orders, or one takes them. And, once this dynamic is set in motion, a kind of spiritual impulse exists whereby it feels good to disobey and defy the orders (especially if one does so without getting caught). Thus Peter at one point, for example, fillets a fish at his desk and throws the entrails onto the TPS report cover sheets that he was disciplined for not using at the start of the film. In addition to the various sources cited in this paper, the following texts might prove useful for readers somewhat new to radical arguments: Phil Gasper's concise article Another World is Possible; Gar Alperovitz, America Beyond Capitalism; Michael A. Lebowitz's Build It Now: Socialism for the 21st Century; Michael Albert's Parecon: Life After Capitalism; Richard D. Wolff's Democracy at AIDS in Africa Work (forthcoming); Erich Fromm's Marx's Concept of Near-Earth and Their Impact on Society Essay Man; Mary Gabriel's Love and Capital: Karl and about in Africa, Jenny Marx and the Birth of a Revolution; and, Robert Heilbroner's Marxism: For and Against.

John Kane is a recent graduate of the berlin was built to New York University's Center for Global Affairs. He currently teaches political science at St. Joseph's College in Essay Prevention in Africa Patchogue, New York, and has been published in New Politics and on ZNet and Politifact.com. He is currently working toward a Ph.D. in political science and free rock music, can be reached at about AIDS [emailprotected] . Study Shows Kids' Test Scores Drop When Their Food Stamps Run Out. States and Local Advocates Lead the Way for Criminal Legal System Reform.

University of New Haven and Saudi Police: Big Money Makes Strange Bedfellows. Puerto Ricans Protest Trump's Visit, Denounce Militarization Amid Lack of Aid Distribution. They Don't Care Who the Guns Go To: Experts Warn Trump Administration Plans to 123 free Widen US Weapons Exports. Work Sucks: How the Movie Office Space Proves Radicalism Lives in the Mainstream. Few films in recent decades have so successfully spoken to Essay AIDS Prevention the day-to-day realities of service sector employment as 1999's Office Space. ABC, Essay! Written and AIDS Prevention in Africa, directed by Near-Earth Impact, Mike Judge, the fictional film is extraordinarily witty and remarkably popular. Though a comedy, it subtly confronts its viewers with a number of questions which thinkers within radical and leftist political circles have pondered for quite some time: Why are jobs often so dissatisfying? Why do many of us constantly seek out ways of escaping? Can anything be done about it? Why a Radical Analysis, and about AIDS, Why Office Space?

Obviously, in seeking to do a radical analysis of anything, it is Inc Business, imperative that the about AIDS Prevention in Africa, reader have some understanding of free rock music what one means when employing the term radical. As political scientist Stephen R. Shalom explains, the term 'radical' means relating to the root, or fundamental. More specifically, in the pursuit of Essay about in Africa changing society so as to improve people's lives, a radical is someone who wants fundamental change - not just a few cosmetic adjustments. [1] Therefore, the word radical is used here to convey the specific type of lens through which this paper will analyze Office Space. Traditionally, this lens is associated with the 123 free, political left, which effectively means that its subjects are studied, first and foremost, in the context of the socioeconomic system we call capitalism. This system - as opposed to specific governments, employers, individuals, policies, etcetera - is the root with which radicals are chiefly concerned and seek to change, to one extent or another (and at one speed or another), in order to improve people's social, political and Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa, economic lives. Before proceeding further, a quick disclosure is probably in order for those who may be new to radical modes of analysis. Very often, radical literature incorporates elements of australian system Marxism - concepts developed by the 19th-century philosopher and political-economist Karl Marx. This is important to about AIDS disclose because it is difficult to think of compromise act a political figure whose name alone can generate more discomfort (save, perhaps, for Hitler or Stalin) than Karl Marx. As Mary Gabriel, a recent biographer of Essay about AIDS Marx and his family, explains, the Marxist label is the berlin wall was built to, generally only Essay about AIDS Prevention, used as toxic sludge against political opponents, often without any real understanding of what such a term connotes.[2] Yet we should be very careful not to banish all of Marx's work from political discussion simply because of the compromise fugitive slave, heinous atrocities committed (to one extent or another) by those purporting to be Marxists, in Essay countries he never set foot in, many decades after his death. Because the overwhelming majority of Near-Earth Objects Impact on Society Essay his time was spent critiquing capitalism - not designing a communist system to replace it - fans of Office Space might find that he, and those who have since followed in his tradition, actually had diverse and interesting things to say about the about AIDS, nature of our working lives.

So why, then, would Office Space merit a radical analysis? As hinted at by the film's pithy tagline, Work Sucks, one of the basic premises of my analysis is that Office Space cleverly raises many questions that radical thinkers have long discussed in great detail (thereby rendering the film politically important). And given its mainstream popularity, the film provides us a unique opportunity to discuss aspects of radical political theory in ways that a far greater number of australian system people relate to than those already present within activist and intellectual circles. The Plot and Main Characters. The basic, surface-level plot of Office Space is relatively straightforward: the mild-mannered protagonist, Peter Gibbons, despises his job at the computer software firm Initech. The first 15 minutes brilliantly illuminate the setting and tone of the Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa, film, and and Their Impact on Society Essay, are thus extremely important. The viewer is shown every detail of Peter's work-life, from the alarm clock shrieking, to driving in agonizingly slow traffic, to the daily electric zap he receives upon opening the door to his thoroughly sterilized, cubicle-filled workroom. The very first camera shot inside of the room is Essay about in Africa, clearly intended to impress upon the viewer the dreariness of free rock music Peter's station in life - we are confronted with an endless, impersonal sea of people, all working quietly in tiny cubicles, amid the electronic clamor of innumerable machines and illumined by Essay AIDS Prevention, stale fluorescent lighting. It happens to be a Monday, but the 123 free, viewer instinctively senses that what Peter has just experienced is remarkably unexceptional.

After observing his daily routine and watching him get hassled by several bosses over a mundane company regulation, Peter becomes a sympathetic, if not deeply relatable, character to about Prevention the viewer. 123 Free! But after a botched occupational hypnotherapy session, in which Peter is left suspended in a hypnotized state, his outlook and behavior completely change. He disregards the alarm clock, hangs up on his girlfriend, ignores calls from his job, all while remaining completely unfazed and unapologetic. During a meeting with the efficiency consultants - a callous duo referred to collectively as The Bobs - Peter is told that his office comrades, Michael and Samir, are soon going to be laid off, and his outlook takes another dramatic turn. He hatches a plot with Michael and Samir to install a virus in Initech's computer mainframe that will deposit money into an account every day. When the three meet to discuss the plan, we can see how much Peter has changed since the start of the film: he finally feels confident, autonomous and Prevention, empowered (albeit for unethical reasons). We soon learn that the virus was programmed incorrectly. Fully aware that this will be quickly discovered by Initech, Peter decides to take full responsibility for the plot. He writes a letter of apology and returns the compromise fugitive act, money under the AIDS Prevention in Africa, cover of night, but, fortunately for him, the building burns down (at the hand of his comically strange co-worker, Milton) the following morning. Peter goes on to take a job with a construction company. The Film and ABC, Analysis Essay, Political Theory.

So how should we interpret the film? In what we could call the fatalistic interpretation, Peter's actions, and the film itself, would not be in about AIDS Prevention favor of anything so much as against something: the realities and drudgeries of life itself. Peter would be akin to the child who cries and acts out in anger when a favorite pet dies. Free Rock Music! He feels, in the depths of his being, that the situation is unfair, indecent and wrong, but is failing to accept what is ultimately inevitable. While that may make him sympathetic to us, it would not make him brave. Alternatively, a conservative interpretation would stress that Peter's initial situation merits no sympathy from the Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa, viewer - for, after all, he freely chooses to work at Initech - and compromise fugitive slave, his diatribes about what work should be like amount to little more than foolish naivete.

In other words, Peter has chosen his station in life and, though he is free to complain about his job all he pleases, he has little grounds for Essay AIDS doing so. If there is Essay, anyone or anything to about AIDS Prevention in Africa blame, this interpretation would suggest, it is Peter himself. This essay, on the contrary, argues something different. Legal! Part of Office Space's wonderful appeal is that it is not explicitly political or ideological. Admittedly, though, this results in mixed messages and, consequently, several reasonable - but markedly different - possible ways of interpreting the film. About Prevention In Africa! In contrast to to the aforementioned interpretations, I argue that Peter's situation is not a mere reaction to some fatalistic human condition, nor is it completely of Essay AIDS Prevention his own making. Office Space is popular, in large part, precisely because Peter represents a kind of Objects and Their on Society Essay hero. But to answer why he is perceived that way, we must first see that Peter's dissatisfaction ultimately springs from Essay Prevention in Africa, disempowerment and a deep sense of wall to what should be but, at this moment in history, is not. One way to see this scenario is by observing Office Space alongside elements of radical political theory. The dominant ideologies in American political discourse provide us with few tools (if any) to analyze Office Space as a political film. Conservatives and libertarians would likely subscribe to the second interpretation above and would dwell on Peter's so-called personal responsibility to do that which is in his self-interest.

But even liberalism, for all its merits, regularly falls short of meaningfully connecting with the daily life of any working person. Essay About AIDS! For example, liberals calling themselves progressive may advocate for full employment as part of macroeconomic policymaking, but they are largely silent on the issue of what that employment might actually entail, whether or not it is empowering for each worker, meaningful, etcetera. A job is thus viewed simply as that which provides the recipient with a means of free rock music securing an income and having something to do with his or her time and energy. Any inquiry into the nature of this potential employment - as experienced by the individual worker on a daily basis - is Essay about, deemed by the liberal to fall well outside of Near-Earth Objects Impact Essay pragmatic policy concerns, perhaps because the very principles of workplace democracy and worker self-management are themselves regarded as hopelessly utopian. About! Out of both political expediency and a paternalistic attitude toward the ABC, Analysis Essay, competence of working people, therefore, the rallying cry is restricted to Jobs! rather than Empowering Jobs! But what do workplace democracy and about AIDS Prevention in Africa, worker self-management have to do with Office Space? Much of Peter's own misery seems to arise from his being disempowered by Initech.

But by choosing solidarity over an upper-management job - as when he devises the scheme with Michael and ABC, Analysis Essay, Samir after being informed that they will be fired - he hints that power for himself was not his only in Africa, aim. The film suggests that Peter's true gripe seems to be with a system in which a small group of people is able to exert a disproportionate amount of australian legal control over the respective fates of Essay about AIDS in Africa a far larger group of people - a system in which the 123 free, daily debasement of human potential and dignity becomes not only acceptable, but perhaps even profitable, a system in which stock prices, standardization, routine and efficiency seem to have take precedence over about AIDS Prevention in Africa, human beings (as when Peter reveals that laying off Michael and Samir will increase Initech's stock price). Early on, Peter senses that this situation is unfair, but he - as many of us often do - frequently chooses to escape from these feelings rather than confront them. If there is one dominant theme throughout Office Space, it is that of escape. It occurs with multiple characters and in myriad ways throughout the film. For example, Peter tries to escape from reality by 123 free, going to the hypnotherapist and asking to Essay AIDS in Africa be made to wall to think he has been fishing all day upon coming home from work; co-worker Tom Smykowski is severely injured in Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa a car accident after trying to kill himself - the ultimate form of compromise of 1850 fugitive escape; the entire scheme of uploading a computer virus was not only an attack against Initech, but also a means of Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa permanently escaping from the company and Analysis, all other jobs where one could be fired for no reason, as Peter puts it.

Even Milton escapes to a tropical island for what we can only about AIDS Prevention in Africa, assume is an extended vacation from work. Alienation, the Division of the berlin wall was built Labor, and Hostility. But why is there such a drive toward escapism? What is it about their jobs and lives that compels our characters toward the pursuit of escape? Out of all the concepts within the radical political tradition, it would be difficult to find one more appropriate for Office Space than the concept of alienation. About Prevention! The theory of alienation, as radical political scientist Bertell Ollman explains, is the intellectual construct in which [Karl] Marx displays the devastating effect of capitalist production on human beings, on their physical and mental states and on the social processes of free rock music which they are a part.[3] The effect is devastating, Marx argued, in Essay AIDS in Africa no small part because the jobs that most of us perform do not satisfy any of our inherent needs as human beings.

Rather, our labor only serves as a means toward satisfying an external need - that is, making money to survive. The alien character of work becomes abundantly clear, Marx writes, in the fact that as soon as no physical or other compulsion exists, labor is shunned like the plague.[4] Therefore, when Peter tells his next-door neighbor, Lawrence, that if money were not an issue, I would relax, I would sit on my ass, all day, I would do nothing, he is doing much more than expressing his dissatisfaction with Initech; he is australian legal, confirming Marx's suspicions about how human beings react toward a life of alienated labor. Alienation is Essay in Africa, so crushing, radicals argue, precisely because it exists on numerous levels: as if by some invisible force outside of 123 free human control, we are compelled to do work that is not enriching or meaningful, and is therefore alien (remember Peter's nightmare wherein the judge deems he has lived a trite and meaningless life); the very things we make or work on Essay Prevention - like Peter's TPS reports - have essentially no real meaning for us and are therefore alien; the people who have an free rock music, interest in getting us to do this unpleasant work, like Lumbergh, quickly become antagonists, and therefore alien to us; and, as a result of all these daily processes, our potentialities and aspirations as human beings are frequently abandoned - as when Peter wishes to do nothing - and are thereby rendered alien to us.[5] It is precisely due to this last alienation from our species that Marx argued working people will eventually only feel free when satisfying what he called our animal functions, such as eating, drinking and procreating. It is Essay about AIDS Prevention, thus no accident that when Lawrence is asked by Peter what he would do if he had a million dollars - in other words, what he would truly want to do with his life were money not an issue - his response is a sexual fantasy. Thus, radicals would generally agree with the famous Office Space tagline, Work Sucks, but with one small, yet crucial alteration: Alienated Work Sucks. But what is it about the nature of modern work that makes it so alienating? Radicals often point to to the highly evolved division of labor - that is, the breaking down of work into simple, repetitive tasks that each individual becomes responsible for, while much of the AIDS Prevention in Africa, thinking about and overseeing of work is carried out by a coordinator class.[6] However, as the renowned psychoanalyst and critical theorist Erich Fromm argued, this intense division of labor also lead[s] to an organization of work where the individual loses his individuality, where he becomes an expendable cog in the machine.[7] This process occurs regularly under capitalism, Fromm argued, precisely because the worker is viewed as part of the equipment hired by 123 free, [capitalists], and his role and function are determined by this quality of being a piece of Essay about Prevention equipment.[8] If Peter's wish to do nothing is 123 free, indeed a key message of Office Space, then we must again yield to Fromm, who, writing in 1955, argued that, The alienated and Essay about, profoundly unsatisfactory character of work results in australian two reactions: one, the ideal of Essay about complete laziness ; the other, a deep-seated, though often unconscious hostility toward work and everything and everybody connected with it.[9] In addition to his point about laziness, Fromm's point regarding hostility is 123 free, also apparent throughout Office Space.

Whether it is Peter's contempt for the receptionist seated in Essay about Prevention the cubicle across from him, Michael's contempt for Near-Earth Objects Impact on Society the woman who hands out the about AIDS Prevention, employee mail, Joanna's contempt for Objects Impact on Society Essay the eccentric waiter, or Peter, Michael, and Samir's mutual contempt for the office printer, it must be considered that their hostility does not merely spring from differences in about in Africa personality or problems with the functioning of a particular machine. Rather, it is the sheer undesirability of their work situation that creates a setting in which it becomes remarkably easy to grow hostile toward everything and everybody connected with it. Because the and Their Impact on Society Essay, worker becomes an Prevention, appendage of the machine who must learn only the most simple, most monotonous, most easily acquired knack,[10] all while placed under the command of a perfect hierarchy of officers and sergeants[11] (such as Lumbergh, Dom, The Bobs, etcetera), the irrepressible feeling that one's needs as a human being are being relentlessly subordinated to the company's need to make money can, over 123 free, time, lead to hostility and even violence. To this point, we must marvel at some of Marx's and Friedrich Engels' observations in The Communist Manifesto. As if foreseeing Office Space by 150 years, the authors noted that many workers will at first destroy the instruments of production rather than the system of about AIDS Prevention production which forces the great majority of them to sell themselves piecemeal.[12] Thus, when the wall was built to, authors write of these disgruntled workers that they smash to pieces machinery,[13] we quickly recall the epic printer scene, where Peter, Michael and Samir destroy the temperamental printer in the middle of a barren field; and when Marx and AIDS in Africa, Engels write they set factories ablaze,[14] we cannot help but think of Milton nervously fleeing the scene as the Initech building is reduced to ashes. Office Space reminds us that much radical sentiment exists in the mainstream, but is rarely identified as such. This example should lead us to consider the australian, many arguments for worker ownership, worker self-management and workplace democracy. The general tendency of such arguments is that if alienation is to ever be successfully eliminated, what is necessary (though not necessarily sufficient by itself) [15] is a true democratization of about AIDS in Africa decision-making authority in compromise act the workplace. Such a democratization is about, also necessary if the worker versus coordinator effect is to be eliminated (or at least severely minimized).[16] Hierarchical organization of Near-Earth and Their Impact authority often leads to a situation of mutual mistrust between the Peters and the Lumberghs of the world. AIDS! In contrast, within Spain's massive Mondragon cooperative community, asymmetries in free rock music power and information are thus negated by Essay AIDS Prevention in Africa, a conscious arrangement which most of us value quite dearly: democracy.

But simply fantasizing about such a situation will, of course, not bring it into existence. For that, nothing but good old-fashioned action will do.[17] Peters of the world, unite! Stephen Rosskamm Shalom, Which Side Are You On? An Introduction to Politics (New York: Longman Publishers, 2003), 29-30. Mary Gabriel, Who Was Karl Marx? CNN, 10/29/11. (Accessed on 06/12/12)

Bertell Ollman, Alienation: Marx's Conception of and Their Impact on Society Essay Man in Capitalist Society (New York: Cambridge University Press), 131. Karl Marx, edited by Dirk J. Struik, The Economic Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 (New York: International Publishers, 2001) 110-111. The criteria for what constitutes a coordinator are not precise, but, as the originators of the AIDS Prevention, term describe, . the coordinator wants to preserve a relative monopoly of conceptual skills and Inc Business, expertise giving him or her an interest in about AIDS Prevention preventing the widespread intellectual advance of workers, as well as a paternal, elitist attitude toward them. Michael Albert and the berlin wall was built, Robin Hahnel, Socialism Today and Essay AIDS, Tomorrow (MA: South End Press, 1981), 32-33, 38. Erich Fromm, The Art of Loving (New York: HarperCollins, 2006), 79.

Erich Fromm, The Sane Society (New York: Fawcett World Library, 1955), 162. Fromm (1955), 163, italics in australian system original. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto (New York: Penguin Books, 2002), 227. Also available online. (Accessed on 06/12/12) The degree to about AIDS Prevention which instituting workplace democracy can, by itself, resolve the core defects of capitalism is the source of considerable debate among radicals themselves.

For overviews of this debate and various perspectives on Impact Essay it, see, for example, Against the Market by about AIDS Prevention in Africa, David McNally, Market Socialism: The Debate Among Socialists, edited by Bertell Ollman;, Remaking Scarcity (specifically Chapters 8 and 9) by Costas Panayotakis; and, Against the Market Economy: Advice to Venezuelan Friends by Robin Hahnel. (Accessed on 06/12/12) The lopsided power imbalance between those who coordinate the work and those who do the work quickly creates two distinct, opposing forces: one either gives orders, or one takes them. Near-Earth Objects And Their Impact Essay! And, once this dynamic is set in motion, a kind of spiritual impulse exists whereby it feels good to disobey and defy the Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa, orders (especially if one does so without getting caught). Thus Peter at one point, for Near-Earth Objects Impact on Society Essay example, fillets a fish at his desk and throws the entrails onto the TPS report cover sheets that he was disciplined for not using at Essay about Prevention in Africa the start of the Analysis, film. In addition to the various sources cited in this paper, the following texts might prove useful for readers somewhat new to radical arguments: Phil Gasper's concise article Another World is in Africa, Possible; Gar Alperovitz, America Beyond Capitalism; Michael A. Lebowitz's Build It Now: Socialism for the 21st Century; Michael Albert's Parecon: Life After Capitalism; Richard D. Free Rock Music! Wolff's Democracy at about Prevention in Africa Work (forthcoming); Erich Fromm's Marx's Concept of Man; Mary Gabriel's Love and Capital: Karl and Jenny Marx and the Birth of a Revolution; and, Robert Heilbroner's Marxism: For and Against.