Custom Essay Writing Service -
Women from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment… pdf
Nov 11, 2017 Women during the renaissance, custom essay writing service -
arument essay Definition : In this kind of women during essay, we not only give information but also present an counting crows ready, argument with the during PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. We should clearly take our stand and write as if we are trying to persuade an opposing audience to adopt new beliefs or behavior. The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of them do not want to change. Downward Demand! Choosing an during the renaissance, argumentative topic is Essay on Why not an easy task. The topic should be such that. X Marijuana should be considered illegal. (Not a good topic because it is too general. In some medical cases, marijuana is prescribed by women the renaissance, the doctors and the patients are encouraged to use it in case of on Why suffering from too much pain) #8730; Selling and women during, using marijuana in public places should be considered illegal . X We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car. Shihuangdi Tomb! ( our stand is not clear: do we support having bicycles or cars?) #8730; If we are under the age of during 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of a car.
X Are you one of crows those who thinks cheating is not good for students? ( a question cannot be an argument) #8730; Cheating helps students learn. During The Renaissance! X Considering its geological position, Turkey has an important geopolitical role in the EU. ( facts cannot be arguments) #8730; Considering its geopolitical role, we can clearly say that the EU cannot be without Turkey . it should be a topic that can be adequately supported (with statistics, outside source citations, etc.) X I feel that writing an argumentative essay is definitely a challenging task. ( feelings cannot be supported; we cannot persuade other people) If you believe that you can find enough evidence to support your idea and refute others effectively, you can choose challenging topics as well. You can enjoy writing about such topics: Cheating is beneficial for students. Murat 124 is a very good choice for conscientious drivers. About Historian! Stress is good for the human body. Polygamy is women quite natural. Downward Sloping! For women, there is the renaissance no need for Essay about Iris Chang: The History, men. Organization : All argumentative topics have PROs and CONs . Before starting writing, it is imperative to make a list of women these ideas and choose the crows i am ready most suitable ones among them for supporting and refuting. There are three possible organization patterns: CON idea 1 ----- Refutation.
CON idea 2 ----- Refutation. CON idea 3 ----- Refutation. The sample essay has been written according to the third pattern. Thesis: Do Reiki instead of taking medicine . People should trust medicine since it is effective and scientifically proven. Reiki is also scientifically proven and does not have side effects . During The Renaissance! (refutation method: insufficient claim) Serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without medicine. Medicine also cannot treat serious illnesses if not diagnosed at an early stage . (refutation method: opponents are partially correct) Reiki, like alternative healing methods, requires a lot of time . Reiki requires less time if done regularly . (refutation method: opponents are completely wrong) Supporting our ideas : This is the most important part when persuading others.
We are asking some people to change their beliefs or actions. We should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics and/or authorities that there should not be room for on Why, any doubts. Here are some faulty supports we should avoid: Thesis: Leaving the university and starting to work is good for the renaissance, the adolescent because … Feelings, emotional arguments (… it makes one feel much better .) Irrelevant examples (wandering off the topic) (… he would then be able to take his girlfriend to expensive restaurants .) Oversimplification (… only then would he understand what it means to be an adult. ) Hasty generalizations (. it is a widely known fact that all adolescents look forward to earning money .) Unreliable, even false outside sources (… according to Iris The History of a www.doubtme.com, 80% of working men wish they quit school when they were at university and started working at an earlier age. ) For more mistakes in women during the renaissance the logic of arguments, see Fallacies. Refuting opposing arguments : Before we start saying that the sloping opponents are wrong, we should specify their opposing ideas. Otherwise, it would be like hitting the other person with eyes closed. We should see clearly what we are hitting and during, be prepared beforehand so that he cannot hit us back. We can do this by knowing what we are refuting. Shihuangdi Tomb! e.g . X Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education; however, they are wrong . ( what they say is not wrong.
Maybe their supporting idea is wrong /irrelevant /insufficient. We should state their supporting idea specifically to be able to the renaissance refute it.) #8730; Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education because they are not physically and psychologically mature enough to cope with the shihuangdi tomb problems of the real world. However, they forget one fact: adolescents can vote or start driving at during the age of 18 (in some countries even before that age!), which proves that they are considered physically and psychologically mature at that age . Language : Signposts gain importance in Comparision And LCD the argumentative essay. They enable the readers to follow our arguments easily. When pointing out opposing arguments ( CONs ): Opponents of women the renaissance this idea claim / maintain that … Those who disagree / are against these ideas may say / assert that … Some people may disagree with this idea. When stating specifically why they think like that : The put forward this idea because … They claim that … since … Reaching the turning point : On the other hand , When refuting the shihuangdi tomb opposing idea, we may use the following strategies : compromise but prove that their argument is not powerful enough: They have a point in thinking like that. To a certain extent they are right. Women During The Renaissance! After seeing this evidence, there is no way we can agree with what they say . say that their argument is irrelevant to the topic: What we are discussing here is Chang: The History not what they are trying to prove.
Their argument is irrelevant. HEALTH AND HEALING AT YOUR FINGERTIPS. Throw out the bottles and boxes of during drugs in shihuangdi tomb your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at least come as good news to people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine. However, it is a blow to the medicine industry, and an even bigger blow to our confidence in the progress of science. This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by the renaissance, doing Reiki on a regular basis. Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is about effective and women, scientifically proven. They say that there is Iris Chang: The History Historian no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki, Yoga, Tai Chi.
These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our material world. Women The Renaissance! There is counting crows ready medicine that can kill our pain, x-rays that show us our fractured bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors. We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide. Women The Renaissance! However, there are some “every day complaints” such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an Aspirin, or Vermidon , when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the side effects of these. Essay On Why Plagues?! When you use these pills for a long period, you become addicted to them; you cannot sleep without them. We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better. How about women during the renaissance, a safer and more economical way of healing? When doing Reiki to yourself, you do not need anything except your energy so it is very economical.
As for downward sloping demand curve, its history, it was discovered in women during the renaissance Japan in the early 1900s and its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and rulers, Western Europe . In quantum physics, energy is recognized as the during the renaissance fundamental substance of which the universe is composed. Reiki depends on the energy within our bodies. Counting! It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow. There are no side effects and it is scientifically explained. Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in the hospital taking medicine. How can Reiki make these people healthy again? It is very unfortunate that these patients have to during live in absolutist the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy, losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take.
Actually, it is common knowledge that except for during the renaissance, when the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer. Most of the medicine these patients use are to absolutist ease their pain and women, their sufferings because of the medical treatment they undergo. On Why Plagues?! Instead of drugs which are expensive and during, have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the Essay Chang: The History hardships of life, find an emotional balance, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the the renaissance everyday worries. Demand! Most of the chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to have causes such as poor diet and stress. Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to viral infections as well.
Since balancing our emotions and controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being, we should definitely start learning Reiki and avoid illnesses before it is too late. Some people may still maintain that in our material world, everything depends on time. It is even “lacking time” that causes much of the stress that leads to the illnesses we mentioned. During The Renaissance! How would it be possible to find time to do Reiki to on Why Plagues? ourselves and the people around us when we cannot even find time to go to the theater? This is one good thing about Reiki; it does not require more than 15 minutes of our time.
There is no need for the renaissance, changing clothes or special equipment. It is a wonderfully simple healing art, an effective method of relaxation and Essay about Iris The History Historian, stress-relief. Most important of women the renaissance all, it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for some complaints and taking some more for shihuangdi tomb, the side effects as well. Having said these, resistance to women during the renaissance Reiki would be quite illogical. Reiki is natural and drug-free. What is more, it is easy to learn by anyone, regardless of rulers age and experience.
It can be used anywhere, anytime. It also enhances physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being and the benefits last a lifetime. It is definitely high time to get away from the women drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet!
Women from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment… pdf
High Quality Custom Essay Writing Service -
SparkNotes: Italian Renaissance (1330-1550): Women in…
Nov 11, 2017 Women during the renaissance, order quality essays -
Some Days, You Just Want to Kill Yourself. Published in the November 2011 issue, republished here in light of Robin Williams's apparent suicide. Ed note: For those who need it, for whatever reason, you can find information on women suicide prevention, including hotline numbers here, here, and here. The middle of the Golden Gate Bridge is 220 feet above San Francisco Bay. It looks higher than that in Essay on Why Plagues? some ways.
It doesn't seem nearly that high in other ways. The Renaissance? The water, from 220 feet—the water that's straight down, at least—looks less like water and more like air. It looks more blue than green. It looks warmer than it is. It looks softer. People jump off that particular bridge for shihuangdi tomb, a lot of reasons.
Maybe most important, it's convenient. Death is right there, waiting. The Renaissance? The railing is only four feet tall; the fall is only four seconds long. It doesn't hurt that it's such a pretty spot and it's romantic-feeling, and counting crows that maybe for the first time in their lives, the the renaissance suicidal don't feel so alone there. On that bridge, they're finally part of rulers something, this massive vanquished army, growing by the renaissance the dozens every year. And strangely, perhaps, many of them probably jump off that bridge because it gives them an outside chance of living. The bridge takes the matter out of their hands, as though it's not their decision anymore: If they were meant to live, if this were all some terrible mistake, then maybe they would survive. Of Plasma Screens? It's unlikely, but it's possible—it's possible for a man, even a man aiming to women during the renaissance, kill himself, to The History of a Historian, jump off that bridge at such an angle, at women during the renaissance, such a velocity, and not be exploded by the water but embraced by it.
Mostly, I thought about jumping off that bridge because it seemed like exactly the Essay right thing to women, do. The truth is, if you were totally positive that you wanted to die, if you were 100 percent certain, then there are better ways to guarantee it: shooting a bullet into your brain (not front to back, but side to side) or lying down on train tracks (not standing, but with your head resting on a rail) or jumping off something higher, with a harder landing. If you really wanted to kill yourself, you could do it. But sleeping pills, carbon monoxide, jumping off the Golden Gate Bridge—those methods, more peaceful, more serene, also provide that chance, however slim, that you might open your eyes and be alive. There's that tiny chance for downward demand curve, a different kind of escape. I thought all those things when I stood in the middle of that bridge one sunny, nearly perfect day in June more than three years ago. I thought all those things when I pulled myself tight against the railing and tried not to cry, choking on it so that no one would become suspicious or try to stop me.
There were smiling people standing all around me, ice-cream-eating tourists thinking how beautiful everything was, pointing to spots on the horizon. I looked just like them, except that my eyes were pointed straight down. Women The Renaissance? I looked at sloping curve, the water, and I thought about my parents, my wife, my sons back home, maybe having their dinner on their little plastic plates or playing in their inflatable pool, and more inanimate things, too: my suitcase in the renaissance my hotel room, my glasses on the bathroom counter, my half-finished book on the nightstand with its corner folded over, page 164. Who would pack up my clothes and absolutist send them home? Would the police do that, or would it be a hotel employee, a maid or a concierge? But mostly, I thought about jumping off that bridge because it seemed like exactly the right thing to do. I can't tell you when or how the blackness started. For more than thirty years, I had been the definition of steady. My friends used to joke about my lack of women during emotional range.
I was almost always in some benign, vaguely pleasant middle, even on that day when I was bitten in the face by a pig. When certain friends of counting crows i am ready mine talked about during the renaissance being depressed—and a lot of counting crows them did, which made me wonder whether I was the root of their collective problems—my reaction fell somewhere between incredulity and women during disgust. If you're a white North American male—if that's all you are—then you're already in some tiny privileged percentage of the world's population. My friends were smart and healthy and loved; they had good prospects, cute girlfriends, food in the cupboards, beer in the fridge. What did they have to be depressed about? The Habs game was about to come on. There are starving children in absolutist rulers Africa, I would say, and my friends would always look at me and women during the renaissance say something like, Yes, but that doesn't make me any less sad. Oh, spare me, I remember thinking.
Stop listening to Essay on Why, Joy Division and go outside. Whenever it was that my own blackness took hold, I didn't feel a thing. It must have been sometime that past fall or winter, months before the bridge. The Renaissance? It surfaced at first in little hiccups and tics, a life gone slightly askew. I developed obsessions, weird ideas of perfection. Downward Demand? There was a period when I couldn't bring myself to leave the house, because I'd decided that there was one perfect time—when, if I left just then, my day would go smoothly, and every other departure time meant some disaster awaited. But of course it was impossible for me to know when that one perfect time was, so I never left. During? Something tripped in my writing, too. I sat down one day, and suddenly I had to have each line justified on the right-hand side of the page—not by some artificial, mechanical means, but by writing each sentence with exactly the right combination of letters and demand curve words and spaces so that they landed precisely on the margin.
I wrote entire stories that way, writing and rewriting each sentence and women during paragraph until they fit inside these great long scrolls of crows i am intricate squares and rectangles. My stories looked like a serial killer had written them. My temper came next. Normally, it would take me a long time to get angry, but now my anger rallied quickly and during the renaissance often viciously. Absolutist? A guy was clapping in women a bar and his clapping bothered me, so I dragged him outside by his beard. Another guy dug his boots into me during a soccer game, and I'm sure he still talks about the time this fat keeper absolutely lost his shit. A tranquilizer dart wouldn't have been out of order. Three of my teammates had to hold me back, and not just for dumb show. After, I tried to find out where he lived. Anxious and angry is a bad combination, turns out.
For whatever biological, chemical, or spiritual reason, my brain had been stripped of all its usual defenses against rulers, life. I had some bad stuff going on, but none of it was bad enough to tip me over women during, the way it did. Everything was suddenly more extreme than it had ever been—both my perception of the world and my reaction to it. Little things seemed big; big things seemed insurmountable. My life wasn't perfect, but it was still pretty sweet. On Why Plagues?? In my messed-up head, though, I'd been backed into a corner, surrounded by during giants dragging clubs. I'd been sick for several years, plagued by a host of gut troubles. I'd just had a second surgery a few months before, another deep-fried section of me carved up and taken out; not long after, I'd ended up back in shihuangdi tomb the hospital, filled up with drugs that didn't even begin to take away the pain. I'd just come out of writing what remains the most important story of my life, The Things That Carried Him (Esquire, May 2008), about how a soldier's body gets back from Iraq. Women During The Renaissance? After working on it for so many months, I'd lost my aim without it, coupled with the weight of Of Plasma Screens Essay so many visits to military morgues and grief-heavy kitchens. During? A book I wrote—the same paperback I was supposed to go to San Francisco to promote that June—hadn't been a failure, exactly, but it wasn't what I had hoped it would be, because nothing much was anymore.
My first signing had been in a Houston bulk store. They sat me next to the huge bottles of ketchup. [pullquote]For whatever biological, chemical, or spiritual reason, my brain had been stripped of all its usual defenses against life. I had some bad stuff going on, but none of it was bad enough to tip me over the way it did. Everything was suddenly more extreme than it had ever been—both my perception of the world and my reaction to it.[/pullquote] The toughest part for me, though, was what should have been the best: my new young family, my wife and our two young boys. Nobody likes to admit this, but the Comparision Of Plasma Screens first few months after a child is born, especially a second child, are really, really hard. When Lee and I got married, we had decadent, blissful lives. We traveled to the South Pacific.
We ate vanilla cake in bed. Then we started trying to have children, and we lost two before we finally had Charley, and we'd nearly lost him, too, to a racing heart. Then came Sam that perpetual winter, this sweet, perfect child. Like Charley, he was this little baby elephant, this amazing little thing. But I was already sleepless by the time he came along. I'd lie awake all night and the renaissance feel my chest vibrate—this growing feeling that I'd never get anything right again, that the Screens good half of my life was over. Now Sam's crying in the night sounded like cymbals crashing in my ears. Today, I can say that my wife is the the renaissance wife of Comparision Of Plasma And LCD Screens my dreams, and we're the women during the renaissance parents of two beautiful boys we fought so hard for.
Charley and Sam are our victories. Back then, though, I just saw a woman who didn't love me as much as she once did, maybe she didn't love me at all anymore, and Essay two boys who would never have the women during father they deserved, and I saw everything else, including water that looked like air and green that looked like blue, and not just for days or weeks, but for months and months and months. Looking back now at that man on crows i am the bridge, I can hardly believe that was me. It's as though I went temporarily Goth. Women? Jumping was nothing like the right thing to do. It was as far from the counting i am ready right thing to do as is during the renaissance possible. Essay About Of A Historian? I'm almost certain that I would have been just a few inches below that sun-warmed railing—that I would have felt that first rush of wind and that opening elevator drop in women during the renaissance my stomach, the Essay Iris Chang: feeling that I'd imagined so many times—when I would have been overwhelmed by women during the renaissance regret. Shihuangdi Tomb? For those four seconds it would have taken me to fall 220 feet, I believe I would have given anything in the world to the renaissance, be able to rulers, fly. Or maybe, remembering that day now, from during the renaissance such a great mental distance, I just hope I would have felt that way.
Maybe in reality I would have twisted myself around and tried to land flat on my back to increase the damage, to break my spine and blow my ribs out of about Iris Chang: of a my chest. Women The Renaissance? Maybe even now, all these years later, I'm still trying to convince myself that it wasn't so bad, just a stumble rather than what it was. Because it was pitch black. When I'm in my usual good spot, I think of the Comparision Of Plasma And LCD Screens planets or I think of the moons that circle Mars, and they make my problems disappear. They're my version of God, those little lights in the sky. But when I was depressed, Phobos and the renaissance Deimos had the opposite Comparision Of Plasma, effect on the renaissance me—actually, they had the counting crows same effect, but on my joys rather than my sorrows. Then, I thought of something as massive as the Stickney Crater, and during the renaissance I remembered that it's just one crater on one moon orbiting one planet, and it wasn't my challenges that vanished but my aspirations. That's why depression is so dangerous. It makes a mockery of Of Plasma And LCD faith. It turns belief against women during the renaissance, you.
All the little lights go out. I can't really explain why I didn't jump that afternoon, why I eventually returned to the ranks of tourists walking along the Golden Gate Bridge. Maybe, in part, it was my need for everything to be perfect. There were too many loose ends. The publisher had paid for this book tour, and I was supposed to go to Denver next. I should go to Denver.
It would be unnecessarily complicated for Lee to get my body back, if she wanted it. I hadn't done our taxes yet. Looking back now at that man on shihuangdi tomb the bridge, I can hardly believe that was me. But mostly, I was saved because I was a coward. Killing yourself—committing death—is a difficult thing to during the renaissance, do. I can't speak for all those impossibly brave men and counting crows women who made that jump before me, but I would guess that most of them made a number of soft attempts—exploratory, reading up on knots or taking half a bottle of pills—as though they were preparing for a fight, looking for the tender spots. I imagine they got a little bit closer each time until they finally did it, and women during then they were dead, and then they were buried or burned, and everyone so fortunate as to still be happy and alive talked about how sad and selfish everything was, when for rulers, so long the soul that had been in that body now underground or reduced to ashes had been suffering, suffering so much that death—this thing that we're hardwired to fear more than anything else—had become relief instead. Somehow I still harbored this small filament of self-preservation. Some part of women during the renaissance me had not been in agreement with my plan.
It had refused to fall in line. I found my way back to my hotel room and read page 165 of that book and carried my own bags home. But it didn't get better after that. The shower was much worse than the bridge. One night, a few months after San Francisco, I went to see an outdoor concert with my best friend, Phil. The Weakerthans were playing.
It was a perfect night. I stood in the crowd and looked up at crows ready, the stars and sang along to all my favorite songs, and all the women the renaissance while I engaged in a weird kind of internal conversation, explaining to myself that I was happy: Here I was, with my best friend, seeing my favorite band on absolutist a starry night, when I might have otherwise been a corpse floating in San Francisco Bay. Wow, that was kind of nuts, wasn't it? Close one! But I've learned that if you're truly happy, you don't need to convince yourself that you are. You can't employ logic or relative calculus to make yourself happy. You're either happy or you're not. That night, after the concert, Phil and I began walking home. We were on a bike path along the river, nearing the bottom of a steep hill.
It was pretty dark. I was telling Phil—to whom I'd confided my depression, but nothing about women during the renaissance that day on the bridge—that I felt like I was finally coming out of it. When suddenly, I heard screaming: a really high-pitched, horrible wail. It took me a second to Essay on Why, realize it was coming from someone behind me, and it was getting louder. I jumped off the bike path, my heart in women during my throat. And then some prick kid whizzed by us on shihuangdi tomb a bike, laughing like a witch.
He'd just been trying to during the renaissance, scare us, which he had; my asshole actually howled. I yelled at Chang: The History of a Historian, his disappearing shape, screaming an incomprehensible sequence of terrible words at during the renaissance, the top of my lungs. Essay About Iris Chang: The History? My chest heaved after. I imagined what I would do to that kid if I caught him. I imagined all sorts of violent, broken-teeth thoughts.
I was as angry as I'd ever been—angry enough that I couldn't hear properly, the blood was so thick in my ears. By the time we got to the bottom of that hill, I knew that I was still in a very deep hole, and I was never going to get out of it. Not long after, Lee and I really fought for women the renaissance, the first time, ever. In the eight years we'd been together, we'd never raised our voices. I can't remember what we fought about, but whatever it was, it wasn't just a fight. It was confirmation of crows my worst paranoid fears: She was going to women, leave me for sloping demand, a better man, I thought, and she was going to the renaissance, take Charley and Sam with her, and Essay on Why Plagues? I was going to end up stripped of those few things that still mattered. I thought that I might as well save her the trouble. After everyone went to bed and the house was dark and women during quiet, I went down to the kitchen, and curve I pulled a long knife out of the the renaissance rack we kept on downward sloping demand curve our counter. Women During? I didn't want to make a mess—the kitchen floor was cork, and Comparision Screens it would soak up my blood like a sponge; cork is very absorbent—so I decided to go down to during, the basement, two floors removed from my sleeping wife and my sleeping children.
When I walked down those stairs, I was certain that I was taking the last steps I would ever take. Shihuangdi Tomb? I climbed into the tub of the little bathroom we had down there. I turned on the shower, to during, help wash everything away, and I stood under the water, and I ran the shihuangdi tomb knife over my wrists. The Renaissance? I did that several times, dragging the knife between the bottom of my hand and the crook of Essay on Why my elbow, the way I had read that I should do it if I really wanted to during the renaissance, get the job done. I was just scratching my skin rather than cutting it, but I was surprised by how much it hurt. For some reason, I thought that bleeding myself out would be painless. Comparision Of Plasma Essay? It wasn't. Women During The Renaissance? I turned the water to ice cold, to rulers, try to numb my arms, and I dragged the knife, scraping myself maybe a dozen times, and I sobbed, sobbed like a man who had just lost his dead father's watch.
I'd like to say that I saw a light, that I saw the faces of women the renaissance my sleeping wife and my sleeping children through my tears, that I saw how much I had to live for, but that's not what happened. I just couldn't force myself to downward demand curve, cut my arms deeply enough. My body saved my soul that night. I turned off the shower. I dried myself off. I looked in the mirror. I was closer to women the renaissance, death than I'd ever been. But I'd failed again. I've never told anybody about the rulers bridge or the shower. I never wanted people to know, not because I feel ashamed about women it—that would be like feeling ashamed for having bad eyesight or loving jazz—but because I didn't want people to treat me any differently, like I was fragile. And LCD? Even my dad—who has worked for years in suicide intervention, who has saved however many lives with his gentle words—has only an idea.
We were having dinner together one night just this past winter. Women? We were sitting in shihuangdi tomb the middle of women during the renaissance a Chinese restaurant when he asked me whether I'd ever thought about killing myself. I nearly choked. Of Plasma And LCD? I told him I didn't want to talk about it, which I didn't, at least not just then, over during the renaissance, spareribs and Plagues? sticky rice. And my dad nodded, partly because he didn't want to force the truth out of the renaissance me and partly because he already knew.
Besides, the Essay on Why blackness had receded by then, almost imperceptibly, the way it had arrived. Women During The Renaissance? It wasn't like a finger snap, the rulers birds singing through my open window one sunny morning; it was more as though I'd been gradually released from its grip. Today, I'm as happy as I've been in years. Women During? Coming out of depression feels like surfacing from deep water. Colors are true again. In the end, I just waited it out. I never went on counting i am drugs or saw a therapist. That was proud and stupid.
I needed help, and the renaissance I should have asked for it. Now I know better. Nearly a year after the shower, I felt myself going under again, my temper getting shorter and running hotter, my faith wavering. I hadn't been able to sleep for several nights. Early in the morning, at maybe two or three o'clock, I got out of Essay about The History of a bed, slipped out of the house, and during the renaissance walked through the empty streets to shihuangdi tomb, the Royal Ottawa—the psychiatric hospital, a pile of glass and light several blocks away. I walked very quickly to women, the hospital; I was almost running. There was a bench, and I sat down to catch my breath before I checked myself in. I was struck by shihuangdi tomb how many people there were outside, even though it was the middle of the night. The Renaissance? There were maybe a dozen patients, some of Comparision And LCD Screens Essay them having come out for during, a smoke or just to feel the cool of the shihuangdi tomb night, propped up against the walls or wrapped up in their wheelchairs. I sat among them, and I felt stronger for their company. Women During? I felt as though we were all in this together.
There are so many dead, but there are so many of us still alive; there are so many of us still in Comparision Of Plasma And LCD Screens love. I sat on that bench and realized that I'd walked so quickly to the hospital because I was scared of dying. Women? My heart nearly burst open. It was the best feeling in the world. I felt so good that I never did go inside; I spent a few hours on that bench, in downward demand that company, and that was all the help I needed. I watched my breath turning solid in the cold, and I looked up at during, all those little lights in the sky, and I made a wish for me and my friends: I wished that we would always be terrified of death, every last one of us, that we would spend the downward demand rest of our lives running from women during the renaissance it, that we would dream about dying and wake up screaming, that we would be pathological in Comparision Of Plasma And LCD Screens Essay our fears—scared of heights, scared of bullets, scared of trains.
Oh, spare us, I remember thinking. During The Renaissance? Spare us, please spare us, because there are so many ways to about Chang: The History, die. Ed note: For those who need it, for whatever reason, you can find information on during the renaissance suicide prevention, including hotline numbers here, here, and here.
Write My Essays Today -
Gender Roles of Women in the Renaissance - Cedar Crest…
Nov 11, 2017 Women during the renaissance, buy an essay online for cheap 24/7 -
national pride essay GLOWING representations and during the renaissance, animated de|scriptions of the noble exploits and dangerous enter|prizes which have been atchieved by great men for their country's dearest rights, inspire the most dis|tant generations with a generous pride of ancestral worth, and secure the lasting duration of that hero|ism which had become hereditary, giving magnani|mity even to the effeminate. The remembrance of the valour which encircled the brows of our ancestors with never fading laurels, is a perpetual memorial and an unceasing incite|ment to us, that we should do nothing unworthy of Essay Plagues? their name; that we should esteem ourselves able to maintain it in the renaissance, all its pristine lustre. If we would imitate the virtues of our progenitors, if we would approach near to their renown, if we would revive their great and glorious days, we must be mindful of our origin, and of the duties it imposes on us; Page 188 we must keep our ancestors in view, as our bright examples; their deeds of hardihood and virtue must be the favourite subjects of our sculptor's and our painter's art, an animating fire enlivening the ready eloquence of absolutist our orators, and the sublime imaginations of our poets: we must never look on their renown as an inheritance, which we may en|joy in women the renaissance, indolence; never indulge in that impatient and jealous pride, which suggests that all must yield to i am, a name of glory, and which is irritated at the preference present merit obtains over former worth. Women During? It is then that our fathers live again in shihuangdi tomb, their descendants; the spirits of the great and mighty slain beckon us to during, the battle; the moss-grown cenotaphs and ancient trophies seem to rise before us; the guardian Genii of our nation are seen supporting in absolutist rulers, the air the shades of the illustri|ous founders of our fame; and, enraptured by women during this pleasing vision, even the vanity and shihuangdi tomb, frivolity of vulgar minds yield to the thirst of glory: every heart and the renaissance, hand is united in the ardent pursuit of honour; and every soul blazes with true patriotism, and downward demand, an undissembled admiration of our country's virtue. The ancients emulously encouraged one another, by the remembrance of the heroic deeds of their ancestors,—to vigilance in peaceful times, and to intrepidity in the hour of women the renaissance danger. Plagues?? The noble senti|ments Page 189 of the Corinthians, on this subject, are thus expressed by Thucidides: Your fathers have ascended to fame through rugged, steep and un|trodden paths; let their examples be ever pres • ent to you: do not loose by wealth and indolence, what labour and poverty has attained.
All were ex|horted not to remain inactively listening to the ancient stories, recounted by women the renaissance every nation of their former advantages, for these are only honourable to those who strive to emulate them, and act only as a foil to Of Plasma And LCD Screens Essay, the disgrace of those who recede from ancestral worth, since it is more unpardonable to women during, depart from the counting crows ready, great examples we have before us, and during, ought to follow, than to remain insignificant and inactive, without any. Every thing among the Greeks conduced to on Why, plant in during the renaissance, their hearts the most heroic courage; by sloping curve the remembrance of their ancestors, whose prin|ciples and sentiments were the during the renaissance, spur to the noblest actions. By the view alone of the statues of Har|modius and Aristogiton, the detestation of counting ready tyranny was renewed in women during the renaissance, the hearts of the Athenians, and their gratitude to these courageous champions of their liberty was daily and hourly augmented. They instituted public funeral rites, in Essay Historian, honour of those who died for their country: and a pile was erected three days before the completion of the ceremonies, on which the remains of the slain were Page 190 publicly exposed to view: and the common wealth took charge of the maintenance and education of the during, children of those heroes, till they attained the age of puberty. The lowest Greeks were exalted to a level with their greatest chiefs by a glorious death; their memory was renewed by Comparision Essay the most solemn offerings to the latest posterity, and their images were placed next to women the renaissance, those of the Gods. Animated with the sentiments these maxims in|spired, the Greeks advanced to sloping, their enemies. They encouraged one another with the recital of the women during the renaissance, deeds that had rendered their names famous, before the signal for battle was given, and invoked the shihuangdi tomb, departed spirits of their great forefathers to witness their actions on that day, when, proud of the glory they inherited, and worthy of the name they had gained, they resolved either to conquer or die. Women During The Renaissance? This noble resolution banished fear from their hearts, and Essay on Why Plagues?, conducted them with erect and cheerful countenances, to the very face of death, in search of honourable danger.
The battle of Marathon alone was for many ages afterwards productive of the noblest emulation of equalling their ancestors. On every great occasion they called to mind this signal victory: Remember the women the renaissance, innumerable host of Persians; remember our own invincible little troop, was shouted on every side. Comparision And LCD Essay? We few, we happy few, we band of brothers Page 191 was re-echoed from rank to rank. The nervous eloquence of women during Demosthenes engraved these senti|ments on the minds of the Athenians, excited their detestation of the artful king who attempted to undermine the Essay, state his arms could not subdue, inflamed every mind with the energetic love of liberty and his country, and stimulated every breast to great and heroic deeds. The Spartans took the field, animated by women the renaissance this spirit of Essay on Why Plagues? unconquerable attachment to freedom and their country; their armies were small but victorious. Even the pre|sent descendants of the Spartans are the most courageous among the modern Greeks, and, under the despotic sway of the Turks, enjoy some remains of their pristine liberty.
It was in the renaissance, order to renew in the Greeks the Essay Plagues?, memory of their glorious ances|tors that Agesilaus, when he invaded Asia, em|barked at women during Aulis, the port whence the fleets and armies of united Greece took their departure, to revenge the rape of Helen: and when Alexander landed on that continent, to undertake its conquest, his first care was to awaken in his Greeks the re|membrance of their former victories over the Tro|jans. He repaired to Ilium, and visited the graves of Comparision Of Plasma And LCD Ajax, of Achilles, and of the other heroes who fell before the women, walls of Troy: he paid the cus|tomary honours to their manes; he celebrated with his attendants games and on Why, courses at during the renaissance the tomb of counting crows i am Achilles, sprinkled it with oil and crowned it with Page 192 garlands. Happy youth, he exclaimed at the monument of Achilles, happy that in thy life thou wert blessed with a faithful friend, and a Ho|mer to immortalize thy valour. Such an the renaissance, avidity for glory, displayed with such masterly art, roused the noblest sentiments in every breast. Alexan|der sought to be like Achilles, his soldiers like Alex|ander: and counting ready, this continual emulation warmed their imaginations, and raised their souls far above every terrestrial thought.
Remember ye are Romans, was the com|mon exhortation of the generals of ancient Rome, to women, their companions in arms: this short harangue sufficed to rouse them to on Why, perseverance and inde|fatigable ardour in the most difficult enterprizes, and to intrepidity and firmness in the most bloody engagements. Filled with the memory of the va|lour of their ancestors, and impressed with an en|thusiastic persuasion of the future greatness of im|mortal Rome, as immutably decreed by the gods, and announced by ancient prophecies, they subju|gated nations, and conquered the world by the powerful influence of during their conviction of the supe|rior privileges and advantages which were the birth-right of a Roman citizen. The Arabians owe the liberty they still retain, to their courage: the Turks have not been able to Page 193 subdue them, it is absolutist rulers now many centuries; they are even daily extending their conquests. They have established themselves in many parts of Egypt, and neither pay tribute to the renaissance, the Ottoman Porte nor obey his commands; and it is the memory of their ancestors that feeds and nourishes this energy of soul. They hear, from their earliest youth, the deeds of their forefathers recited in their tents: Arabia resounds on Essay on Why Plagues?, every side with martial songs, comme|morating those feats of glory; and among its inha|bitants, the poet is equally renowned with the hero he celebrates. The Renaissance? The poetic pictures of the valour and intrepidity which characterised the golden ages preceding that of Mahomet, are said to possess the same unadorned sublimity we so much admire in the best productions of the rulers, Grecian and Roman muse. These seeds of heroism took still deeper root in the more stiff and rugged soil of northern regions. Those indigenous Scythian nations, who wandered from the banks of the Tanais to Scandinavia, in order to live in ease and comfort, who brought Sweden, Norway, Russia, and Denmark under the dominion of a Scythian family; who insensibly extended themselves through all Germany, and who successively overwhelmed with the horrors of war the flourishing provinces of Gaul, Spain, and, Page 194 finally, the during the renaissance, whole of the Empire of the Essay Chang: The History of a Historian, West, upon which they poured down like the thickening clouds of a thunder-storm, impelled by the tempestuous blasts of their own northern winds: these, I say, had the same origin, the the renaissance, same laws, the same courage, the same love of liberty, the same attach|ment to the customs and religion of Essay Iris Chang: The History of a their forefa|thers, and the same contempt of death, founded up|on the the renaissance, hope of future and eternal happiness. The customs and institutions of these nations were calculated to animate their sons, by reminding them of the prowess and hardihood of their ances|tors. These predominant qualities were held in the highest estimation among them, and the love of war was deeply rooted even in their religion. Their deified Odin, instead of a pure and abstracted no|tion of God, introduced an entirely sensual system; he knew how to Chang: of a Historian, adapt the Wolupso, which was to form the religious code of the Scythians, to the genius of the nation; his Heaven and his Hell were solely founded upon women the renaissance a scale of comparative valour; his laws far exceed those of Sparta, for the forcible injunction of the greatest contempt of death; the And LCD Screens, last gasp of their warriors on the renaissance, the field of Plagues? battle was immediately connected with all those recompences which filled the whole of their imagi|nations, and suppressed the passion of fear, not by Page 195 cool reasoning, or barren logic, but the women during, irresist|ible impulse of other more violent and opposing passions.
Odin persuaded the Scandinavians that those who died like their fathers, with arms in their hands, would alone enjoy an happy immortality. To rush on the swords of the enemy, and immedi|ately to enter into the fruition of the promised re|wards, were, according to his doctrine, two occur|rences which were immediately consecutive. He per|suaded them, that their future felicity depended en|tirely on the shedding of their blood; and, in shihuangdi tomb, conse|quence, that a sick man must on the renaissance, his death-bed procure himself to be wounded, in order to appear bathed in his blood before his gods. Odin himself acted up to his doctrine. The faith that he had pro|pagated during a long and prosperous life, he con|firmed by a voluntary death. Apprehensive of the ignominious approach of disease and infirmity, he resolved to expire as became a warrior. Crows I Am Ready? In a solemn assembly of the Swedes and Goths, he wounded himself in nine mortal places, hastening away (as he asserted with his dying voice) to prepare the feast of heroes in the palace of the god of war. After his example, the Scandinavians sought the highest pitch of happiness and luxury in blood and death.
Our warriors, say their poets, search out death with smiles, and embrace it Page 196 with transport; they are seen in the battle, with their hearts transfixed, falling, laughing, and dy|ing. Lodbrog, a Northern chief, thus exults at the hour of his death: What undescribable and hitherto unfelt emotions of joy arise in my soul! I die! I hear Odin's voice that calls me; I see the gates of his palace open, the lovely wantons, hav|ing their most bewitching charms half revealed to view, trip lightly forth, and beckon me to the ban|quet; their azure zones heighten the during the renaissance, dazzling whiteness of their bosoms; they approach, and of|fer me the most delicious nectar, in skulls still moist with the blood of my enemies. All other virtues were held inferior to that of courage by the Goths, who indeed despised every thing else—but most of on Why all ostentation and magnifi|cence. Women The Renaissance? Their women even learnt the crows, use of arms. A princess, who chastised the temerity of a lover by the renaissance slaying him with her own hand, was a subject of admiration.
A young man could scarcely hope to succeed in his courtship, if he had not given public and unequivocal proofs of Essay his courage. The son of a king dared not refuse the combat, which their religion sanctioned, if proffered even by the meanest peasant; since, conformably to their notions, vic|tory must declare itself in favour of the man who fought for a just cause. Page 197 These opinions, these deeds were transmitted to posterity by the first melodious warblings of the Scandinavian poets: these songs were recited to the boys, that their youthful hearts might early imbibe the knowledge of these heroic actions, which they would afterwards be called upon to emulate. They begat, in the souls of the auditors, those wonders I hope to see renewed by the im|mortal verses of the Tyrtaeus of Brandenburgh, and which I wish for, from the glowing numbers of his Swiss brother. The ancient Germans caught the same spirit. Their youth sought honourable death, in the hope of being celebrated by their bards. The most valiant among them? upon his decease, was advan|vanced to the rank of a god; his children and during the renaissance, pos|terity enjoyed the privileges of princes; they re|ceived gifts, and a large tract of land was assigned them: these privileges and this property was theirs as long as they were not unworthy of the glory of their progenitor.
The beauteous daughters of the Franks * bestowed their favours only on the brave warrior, and demand, their judgment both of the merit and women, tenderness of his love was founded upon the proofs he had given of his valour; he must have taken prisoners, scaled some dangerous and well-defended Page 198 precipice, driven the enemy from some strong entrenchment, ere he could hope to succeed with his mistress; for she would rather behold him a breathless corpse, than safely returned to her dis|graced by flight. Hence the harsh din of arms re|sounded throughout all Germany, and the banners of renown waved over every tomb. Even now, eve|ry patriot German treads, with inward emotions of reverence, the ground where the solemn remains of absolutist his illustrious ancestors repose in silence; and ap|proaches, with awe, the forest where their fame still hovers round the ancient oaks. Could the nations of the North, educated in these opinions, avoid that noble esteem of them|selves, which their laws, their religion, and their bards so forcibly inspired? If they have not in|herited from their forefathers a fondness for softer and more civilized renown, yet they have inherited the noblest examples of manliness of during soul, which have been deeply impressed on their ardently emu|lative minds. The pride arising from the martial fame of their ancestors, has always been the greatest spur to courage and activity among the most valiant na|tions. The youthful warriors of the Huns were animated by a species of phrenzy, solely by listen|ing Page 199 to the vocal melody, which revived and per|petuated the great atchievements of their ances|tors; a martial ardour flashed from their eyes; they became impatient for battle, and the tears of the old men expressed their generous despair, that they could no longer partake the dangers and glory of the crows i am, field.
The Japanese were formerly a warlike nation, fond of military renown, and of attempting the most extended and hazardous enterprizes. Their most ancient families were distinguished by a noble and women during, majestic countenance, and all despised death and danger. The pride arising from the glorious reputation of their ancestors was extended even to their children; their mode of education tended to imprint ideas of heroism and valour in their tender breasts; songs of war and victory were the first sounds that reached their ears. In their schools, they were exercised in shihuangdi tomb, transcribing the legends of their heroes, and the histories of their progeni|tors, who had voluntarily devoted themselves to a glorious death. It was this same pride that in former ages im|pelled our Helvetians to trample upon the necks of their oppressors, after the longest struggles, and amid impending danger. A handful of rustics gained Page 200 them liberty. The memory of during the renaissance those rustics glowed in the hearts of the brave Bernians at shihuangdi tomb Laupen; their little band resolved not to die unworthy their Helvetian fame; they advanced to battle; crowned with vine leaves, they chaunted the noble deeds of the founders of during their liberty, and dispersed their proudest foes like chaff before the wind. The memory of those rustics occasioned the defeat of the Austrian army at Sembach: their nume|rous and counting crows i am, well appointed cavalry fled before the intrepidity of a few Helvetians; numbers and discipline were defeated by ardent impetuosity, and the most tremendous apparatus of war yield|ed to the attack of sickles and the renaissance, ploughshares, in the hands of the crows, sons of freedom. Women? The memory of those rustics filled the hearts of the twelve hun|dred brave Helvetians, who, not far from Basle, attacked forty thousand French, committed a great slaughter among them, and disputed the victory with unconquerable intrepidity, till the few remain|ing of their hardy troop were consumed to Essay on Why Plagues?, ashes among the ruins of a church, into which they had retreated and which was set on fire, they having refused to surrender.
The memory of those rustics inflamed the souls of our fathers, who, at Murten, drove the during, Burgundians before them, as the light sand of the desert before the fierce Typhon and Ecnephia. The memory of those Page 201 rustics, gained, by a thousand immortal actions, before their posterity was degenerated, the con|fidence of princes, the admiration of Europe, an established peace, and handed down to us for a lasting inheritance, only that Nostalgia * which death alone can deprive us of. The pride, therefore, that arises in a nation from the glorious reputation and known valour of their ancestors, is an abundant source of downward demand inflexible great|ness of soul, and the most certain preservative against the pernicious effects of pusillanimity.
Buy Essay Online Cheap -
Women from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment… pdf
Nov 11, 2017 Women during the renaissance, write my essay -
500 Word Essay: How to Write It in One Day. The Renaissance! Do you need to write a 500 word essay and counting crows, don't know where to start? Maybe before, you wrote only long essays consisting of 1000 words or more and now you don't know how to cram all the information so it would fit the limit. For many reasons, you may think that writing a 500 word essay is women the renaissance complicated. Don't worry, your task is not as difficult as it seems. Downward! Stop searching for 500 word essay is during how many pages and panicking because we are going to help you. In this article, we collected the most frequently asked questions about a 500 word essay and responded to them in details. You will learn how many pages is absolutist a 500 word essay and even see some examples of such papers. Now you are saved as you can find all the answers you need below!
Some students can't even imagine how long is during a 500 word essay. In fact, 500 word essay length in many ways depends on your writing style: if your writing is detailed, it might even feel like the limit is not enough. Essay! The good thing about women this type of essay is that it doesn't require you to go deeper into the topic, so the research itself may be quite superficial. How many pages is a 500 word essay? Of course, some students want a clear answer to Essay about The History, the question how many pages is a 500 word essay? We hasten to inform you that if you complete it in accordance with all standards (12pt Times New Roman, 1-inch margins, etc.), then your essay will take 1 - 1.5 pages. The Renaissance! As you can see, the amount of 500 word essay pages is not so frightening but for shihuangdi tomb some students, the task of being brief can be a serious obstacle. Short essays like a 500 word essay are a very common writing task in universities and colleges. They can be a part of the women during the renaissance syllabus in many courses. Sloping Curve! Before writing you should look over women, the examples of a 500 word essay and Essay on Why Plagues?, understand what exactly is expected from you.
Here you can find the the renaissance right 500 word essay example and carefully study it. What does a 500 word essay look like? You can't start writing until you decide on downward curve, the type of your essay. Once you understand how your 500 word essay should look like and what it should consist of, it will be much easier for you to start working. Let's take a look at the common essay types to women, help you find the right one. This is the most common type of academic essay. Your 500 word essay should consist of Essay about Iris The History Historian a thorough analysis of your topic. During! You should provide necessary research and experiments and clearly explain your position. In this type of absolutist rulers essay, you describe a situation, a person, a place or an experience. It gives you an opportunity to women during the renaissance, demonstrate your creative abilities.
You can choose this type of essay if you want to tell the story and make your text more personal. A narrative essay can be emotional and reflect the author's personal views regarding a particular topic or a situation. This essay is like an expository essay, but an argumentative essay requires you to go deeper into your research. An argumentative essay allows to look at the topic from all sides, so you need to prepare it carefully. How long does it take to write a 500 word essay? Planning a short essay does not require a lot of time but writing a 500 word essay can take much more time than a regular essay. While writing your 500 word essay, you need to focus on only one main idea. Counting I Am! This will make your task easier and will help you avoid unnecessary sentences. Generally, researching and writing a 500 word essay takes about 2-3 hours. Of course, everything depends on a topic you choose and your ability to find all the necessary information quickly. Women! However, your research might take much longer or you might run out of ideas.
In these cases, prepare to spend more time to Essay on Why Plagues?, complete your essay. If you don't have the time or need some essay help, you can always turn to women the renaissance, an essay writing service. What topics are suitable for 500 word essays? As you probably know, not every topic is crows easy to write about. The choice of a topic in many ways depends on what type of essay you need to write. Also, it is important to consider the word limit: it will be quite difficult to women during the renaissance, fully cover a serious topic in a 500 word essay. If the topic is not specified, there are many different things you can write about.
Research papers may seem boring, but you can study many new and Essay on Why, interesting things in women the process of completing it. You just have to choose the shihuangdi tomb right topic and it will fascinate you. How can we protect the women environment? Equal pay and counting crows i am ready, ways to achieve equality. Nowadays, educational institutions use special types of essays which are meant to teach students a system of causes and effects. What are the women effects of spending too much time on the Internet? What causes people to spend so much during the sales?
Every day we make many different choices. Why not choose comparison and Comparision Of Plasma And LCD Screens Essay, contrast as a fundamental idea for your essay? What is during the renaissance your choice - textbooks or eBooks? What is more convenient - Twitter or Facebook? If you are good at proving your point of view and are ready to downward sloping curve, treat facts subjectively, then this type of women the renaissance essay suits you best. Are sugar substitutes healthy for you? Should marijuana be used as a medical treatment? Words can have a huge impact on people.
If you can speak persuasively, you can make people follow you and adopt your point of view. Comparision! This is a very valuable practice that will be useful throughout your life. Should army service be obligatory? Should parents be certified first to have children? Therefore, 500 word essay writing can be hard. To make this process easier, you can pay attention to the following points: Keep it brief. Don't use meaningless words. Develop your writing style by during, using synonyms. Use powerful and active words for convincing your audience. Be consistent with paragraphs.
Always use only Essay on Why, one style while writing your essay. Divide long sentences into short ones. Use clear sentence structures for your arguments. How to create a 500 word essay structure? Every essay writer knows that structure is one of the most important things to consider when writing an essay. The standard structure includes: An introduction of your essay should state your opinion very clearly, give background information or describe the current situation. In the body of women the renaissance a 500 word essay, you should point out Essay on Why Plagues? all of your arguments and give supporting evidence.
The conclusion should improve the effect that your arguments had on the audience. What are the during the renaissance critical points for 500 word essay editing? When you're done with your 500 word essay, don't forget to proofread it. Pay special attention to your writing style, the demand repetition of words, the women the renaissance consistency of sentences, and the persuasiveness of the arguments. If you are still asking yourself: 'How should I edit my paper?', you can turn to companies that provide proofreading and editing services. 500 word essay format may be a challenge because it is hard to shihuangdi tomb, share your thoughts briefly. Women The Renaissance! But now you are armed with the tips that can make it easier.
Remember that writing a 500 word essay is a skill that can be built only with practice. Good luck with your essays!
Order Your Own Writing Help Now -
The Status of Women During Renaissance: Papers -…
Nov 11, 2017 Women during the renaissance, custom essay order -
essay on conics Department of during Mathematics Education. Dr. J. Wilson, EMAT 6690. A Look at the Major Contributions of Pascal. At the age of sixteen, Blaise Pascal wrote an sloping Essay on Conics that so greatly impressed Descartes that he could not believe that it had been written by someone so young ( Kline 297 ). Praise from women during, such a respected mathematician, of the time and rulers historically, provides an indication of the level of genius of Pascal. During his short lifetime of women during the renaissance thirty-nine years, Pascal is noted for his significant contributions to mathematics, physics, and religious philosophy. Pascal#146;s mathematical work helped to provide the foundation for the modern theory of probabilities and to advance the topics of projective geometry and Comparision And LCD Essay the calculus.
His work in physics lead to the formulation of what is during, now known as Pascal#146;s law or principle. However, for a considerable part of his life, Pascal turned away from worldly issues and crows devoted his life to God, in which he developed a reputation as a master of prose through his religious writings ( Orcibal 1 ). Historians can only speculate what Pascal#146;s influence on women the renaissance mathematics and physics would have been had he not divided his pursuits between the worldly and religious, but reviewing what Pascal did accomplish allows for an interesting glimpse at a brilliant 17 th century thinker. Pascal was born in shihuangdi tomb, Clermont-Ferrand, France on June 19, 1623. His father was the judge of the tax court and was respected as a mathematician. His mother died in 1626 and in 1631 the Pascal family moved to Paris. Pascal displayed exceptional ability as a child, but was prone to sickness.
As a result, his father had him tutored at home with instructions that his studies be limited to the languages, and should not include any mathematics. However, at the age of twelve, Pascal became curious about the subject of geometry and upon hearing a general description from his tutor, began to independently study the subject with passion. During! His father was so struck his son#146;s display of talent that he gave him a copy of Euclid#146;s Elements , which Pascal immediately studied and soon mastered. At the age of about of a Historian fourteen, Pascal was admitted to the weekly meetings of Mersenne, Desargues, Roberval, Mydorge, and Fermat, from which the French Academy eventually developed ( Rouse Ball 1 ). Women During The Renaissance! Thus, the stage was set for Pascal to shihuangdi tomb, begin to the renaissance, produce the major results for which he is known. Although not published until 1779, Pascal wrote an Essay on Conics in 1640, which approached the geometry of conics using projective methods. This work was instigated by downward sloping Desargues who wanted Pascal to investigate the method of projection and section, with the particular goal of during the renaissance reducing the properties of the Comparision Of Plasma conic sections to as few basic propositions as possible. Pascal#146;s most famous result in women during, projective geometry came out of this work and is now called Pascal#146;s Theorem. Comparision Of Plasma And LCD! In modern day terminology, this theorem states that if a hexagon is inscribed in a conic, the three points of intersection of the pairs of opposite sides lie in a line.
This result is diagramed below in Figure 1, where points R, S, and T lie in the renaissance, a line. Additionally, if the opposite sides of hexagon ABCDEF are parallel, points R, S, and T will line in a line at infinity ( Kline 297 ). There is not a clear record of how Pascal proved this theorem, only suggestions. Pascal states that since the theorem holds true for the circle, it must by projection and section be true of Essay about Iris Chang: of a all conics. If a projection is formed of during Figure 1 from a point outside the plane and then a section of this projection, the section will contain a conic and a hexagon inscribed in it.
Furthermore, the opposite sides of the hexagon will meet in three points that are collinear, which are the points that correspond to Essay about Chang: The History, and the line that passes through R, S, and T. As a note, Pappus#146; theorem, Proposition 131 of Book VII of Euclid#146;s Elements, is a special case of Pascal#146;s theorem. Pappus#146; theorem states that if A, B and C are three points on a line and A#146;, B#146;, and women during C#146; are three points on shihuangdi tomb another line, then lines AB#146; and A#146;B, BC#146; and B#146;C, and during AC#146; and A#146;C intersect in three points that line in a line. When the conic of Pascal#146;s theorem degenerates into downward sloping demand, two lines, such as when a hyperbola degenerates into its asymptotes, then the case described by Pappus#146; theorem results. Women During! Lastly, Pascal did not consider the converse to his theorem, that if a hexagon is such that the shihuangdi tomb points of intersection of the renaissance its three pairs of opposite counting, sides lie in a line, then the vertices of the hexagon lie on a conic, but it also has been proven to be true. There are many results in Pascal#146;s Essay on Conics , but the women during theorem that eventually came to bear his name is by far the most famous from this work ( Kline 297 ). In his projective geometry work, Pascal used two new ideas that had emerged in the field, which eventually became fundamental principles.
The first is the notion of continuous change of a mathematical entity (geometric figure) from one state to another. Pascal investigated the situation in which two consecutive vertices of the hexagon of his famous theorem approach one another so that the figure becomes a pentagon. Pascal then reasoned from properties of the hexagon to properties of the pentagon by considering what happened to Essay of a, these properties under the continuous change. Women! He also used this process in considering the continuous change from shihuangdi tomb, a pentagon to a quadrilateral. The second is the notion of which properties of a mathematical entity remain invariant under a transformation. During! By investigating the relationships of different figures, such as the hexagon and pentagon, Pascal also sought a common approach to these figures. Although there are no existing works, Pascal supposedly deduced approximately four hundred corollaries from rulers, his theorem on the hexagon by studying the consequences of the theorem for related figures. Women During! As a major field of Essay Iris Chang: study, projective geometry was abandoned in favor of during the renaissance algebra, analytic geometry, and the calculus and therefore, the projective results of Desargues, La Hire and Pascal were largely forgotten until a resurgence in the field occurred the 19 th century ( Kline 300 ). In 1642, at the age of eighteen, Pascal constructed the first arithmetic machine to help his father with tax computations.
The machine was, in a sense, the first digital calculator that automatically handled addition by carrying units to tens, tens to about of a Historian, hundreds, etc. ( Kline 258 ). This machine brought a great deal of praise to Pascal and was dedicated to the chancellor of France in 1644 ( Orcibal 1 ). In addition, Pascal improved upon the original machine in 1650 ( Rouse Ball 1 ). Pascal also became intensely interested in scientific pursuits, which led him to during, carry out tests based upon the theories of Galileo and Torricelli. By constructing mercury barometers and measuring air pressure, both in Paris and on a mountain top overlooking Clermont-Ferrand, Pascal replicated and extended experiments on atmospheric pressure, providing additional evidence that the weight of the air decreases as the altitude increases. Through his work, Pascal invented the syringe and the hydraulic press and helped to further studies in hydrodynamics and downward demand hydrostatics. Women During! The hydraulic press is based upon the principle that is now known as Pascal#146;s principle or law, which states that pressure applied to a confined liquid is transmitted undiminished through the liquid in all directions regardless of the area to which the rulers pressure is women during the renaissance, applied. Additionally, Pascal produced writings in Comparision And LCD, 1647-1648 based upon his efforts on the problem of the vacuum ( Orcibal 2 ). It should be noted that the originality of his work in physics has been questioned, as some historians of science have described it as popularization, or even plagiarism ( Kline 296 ). In 1653, Pascal used the arithmetical triangle, now known as Pascal#146;s Triangle, to obtain the coefficients of the women binomial expansion of Comparision And LCD Screens (a + b) n , where n is a positive integral. However, no account of women his method was printed until 1665. Essay! Despite the name of the women during triangle, this expansion was known by the Arabs and Chinese of the absolutist rulers 13 th century and by Tartaglia, Stifel, and Stevin. In fact, in the renaissance, 1544 Stifel introduced the term binomial coefficient and demonstrated how to calculate (1 + a) n from Comparision And LCD Screens Essay, (1 + a) n-1 ( Kline 272 ). Pascal#146;s triangle, part of which is shown below in Figure 2, is constructed by each horizontal line being created from the one above it.
Each number in a horizontal line is equal to the sum of the numbers above and to the left of the it in the renaissance, the row immediately above it. For example, the fourth number in the fifth line, 35, is produced from 1 + 4 + 10 + 20. The numbers in Essay Iris Chang: Historian, each horizontal line are now referred to as figurate numbers. Numbers in the first line are called first order numbers; those in the second line are called second order, or natural numbers; those in the third line are called third order numbers, and so on. In general, the formula for the renaissance, finding the nth number in the rth row is (n + r #150; 2)! / (n #150; 1)! (r #150; 1)!. Pascal#146;s triangle, to any specified order, is produced by drawing a diagonal, where the numbers in any diagonal provide the coefficients of the expansion of a binomial. For example, the fifth diagonal contains the numbers 1, 4, 6, 4, and 1, which provide the coefficients of the expansion (a + b) 4 . Pascal was easily able to expand his triangle to find the binomial expansion for any (a + b) n , where n is a positive integer ( Rouse Ball 3 ). Today, Pascal#146;s triangle is usually constructed in triangular form, part of which is shown below in Figure 3. And LCD Screens Essay! The two top rows contain the numbers 1 and 1 1, respectively, where the top row is considered to be row 0. To find any number in subsequent rows, add the two numbers above it. At the beginning and during end of each row, place a 1. It is help think of this rule for writing 1#146;s as an extension of the sloping demand addition rule.
To get the first 1 in any row, add the two numbers above it, but since there is only one number, consider the second number zero. Therefore, the first entry of women each row is 1. Following the same logic, the last entry of each row must be 1 also. An extension of the zero concept, results in a figurate number triangle, attributed to Jakob Bernoulli. This triangle is simply Pascal#146;s triangle in Essay Chang: of a Historian, a square grid with zeroes entered into the empty cells. A number of mathematicians, as early as the women during the renaissance 12 th century Indian mathematician Bhaskara, had worked on Essay about Chang: of a permutation and combination problems. Pascal also found that his arithmetic triangle corresponded with finding the numbers of combinations of n things taken r at a time ( n C r ), which he correctly stated to be (r + 1) (r + 2) (r + 3)#133;n / (n #150; r)! ( Rouse Ball 3 ). This means that when n is fixed and r runs from 0 to n, the successive binomial coefficients are obtained.
Pascal extended his work in women during, combinations when Chevalier de Mere, in 1654, posed to Pascal the problem of shihuangdi tomb how to divide the stake between two players of equal skill when the stake is to women, go to the player who first wins n points, but the play is Essay on Why Plagues?, interrupted after the women during first player has made p points an the second player has made q points. This problem had been posed by other mathematicians in the past, but gained significance when Pascal communicated the Comparision Of Plasma And LCD Screens problem to women during, Fermat. Their correspondence and work on downward curve this problem marks the beginning and women provided the foundation for the modern theory of probabilities ( Kline 273 ). Pascal and Fermat agreed on the solution, but independently developed different proofs. The following is a translation of shihuangdi tomb Pascal#146;s proof by Rouse Ball in his book, A Short Account of the History of Mathematics . The following is my method for determining the share of during each player when, for example, two players play a game of three points and each player has staked 32 pistoles. Suppose that the first player has gained two points, and the second player one point; they have now to play for a point on this condition, that, if the first player gain, he takes all the money which is at stake, namely, 64 pistoles; while, if the second player gain, each player has two points, so that there are on terms of equality, and, if they leave off playing, each ought to take 32 pistoles. Thus if the Chang: The History first player gain, then 64 pistoles belong to him, and if he lose, then 32 pistoles belong to him. If therefore the players do not wish to play this game but to women during, separate without playing it, the shihuangdi tomb first player would say to the second, ``I am certain of 32 pistoles even if I lose this game, and as for the other 32 pistoles perhaps I will have them and perhaps you will have them; the chances are equal. Let us then divide these 32 pistoles equally, and give me also the 32 pistoles of which I am certain.'' Thus the first player will have 48 pistoles and the second 16 pistoles.
Next, suppose that the first player has gained two points and the second player none, and that they are about to play for a point; the condition then is that, if the first player gain this point, he secures the game and takes the 64 pistoles, and, if the women the renaissance second player gain this point, then the players will be in the situation already examined, in which the first player is entitled to shihuangdi tomb, 48 pistoles and the second to 16 pistoles. Thus if they do not wish to play, the first player would say to the second, ``If I gain the point I gain 64 pistoles; if I lose it, I am entitled to 48 pistoles. Give me then the 48 pistoles of which I am certain, and divide the other 16 equally, since our chances of during gaining the point are equal.'' Thus the first player will have 56 pistoles and the second player 8 pistoles. Finally, suppose that the first player has gained one point and the second player none. If they proceed to play for shihuangdi tomb, a point, the women condition is shihuangdi tomb, that, if the first player gain it, the players will be in the situation first examined, in which the first player is the renaissance, entitled to 56 pistoles; if the Iris Chang: The History first player lose the point, each player has then a point, and each is entitled to women the renaissance, 32 pistoles. Thus, if they do not wish to play, the first player would say to shihuangdi tomb, the second, ``Give me the 32 pistoles of which I am certain, and divide the remainder of the 56 pistoles equally, that is divide 24 pistoles equally.'' Thus the first player will have the sum of 32 and 12 pistoles, that is, 44 pistoles, and consequently the second will have 20 pistoles. ( Rouse Ball 3 ) Pascal also considered similar problems when the game is won by whoever first obtains n + r points, where one player has n and the other has r points, and found that his arithmetic triangle could be used to obtain the women during the renaissance solutions. Furthermore, Pascal#146;s result to the situation where the skill of the players is unequal corresponds to the general solution provided in counting crows, modern textbooks on algebra, but Pascal#146;s notation is different and less convenient ( Rouse Ball 4 ).
In 1658, Pascal made his last major contribution to mathematics through his investigation of problems of the cycloid. A cycloid is defined as the curve produced by the locus of points of a point on the circumference of women during the renaissance a circle which rolls along a straight line. Historically, Galileo first brought attention to the cycloid in 1930 by his suggestion that the arches of bridges should be constructed to model this curve. Shihuangdi Tomb! In 1934, Roberval calculated the area of the cycloid, and Descartes subsequently challenged him and Fermat to women, find its tangents. Essay On Why Plagues?! Fermat, without much difficulty, provided the solution to this problem. Various mathematicians continued to the renaissance, pose questions related to the cycloid, and to the surface and volume generated by its revolution about its axis, base, or the tangent at its vertex, as well as other analogous questions.
Pascal published the proposed problems he had solved, including the problem of the positions of the centers of mass of the solids formed by the cycloid#146;s revolution, as a challenge to mathematicians, and then proceeded to provide his own superior solutions ( Rouse Ball 4 ). Specifically, Pascal published results on the calculation of the area of any segment of the cycloid cut off by a line parallel to the base, the centroid of the segment, and the volumes of solids generated by such segments when revolved around their bases (as shown by YZ in Figure 4 below) or a vertical line (the axis of symmetry). In this. work, Pascal used summation in Iris Chang: Historian, geometrical form, as he did in his earlier work on areas under the curves of the women during the renaissance family y = x n , to calculate areas and volumes ( Kline 353 ). Downward! This method of summation started with modifications of Eudoxus#146; method of exhaustion and was also used by Roberval, Torricelli, Cavalieri, and women the renaissance Fermat, among others. Whereas the method of exhaustion employed different kinds of rectilinear approximating figures, depending upon the curvilinear area in question, summation is based upon a systematic procedure using rectangles. As the width d of the shihuangdi tomb rectangles becomes smaller, the sum of the areas of the women rectangles approaches the area under the curve. In the case of calculating the area under a parabola, if the bases are all d in width, and if one uses the Comparision And LCD Screens Essay characteristic property of the parabola, the sum is d(d) 2 + d(2d) 2 + d(3d) 2 + º + d(nd) 2 . In dealing with problems of the cycloid, Pascal had to replace the women during the renaissance characteristic property of the parabola with that of the cycloid to achieve an analogous sum in order to calculate areas and volumes ( Kline 351 ). Pascal#146;s solutions in his cycloid work are similar to those which a modern mathematician would achieve with the aid of integral calculus. By summation, he obtained what are the equivalent to the integrals of sin f, sin 2 f, and f sin f , where one limit is 0 or p . In addition, Pascal investigated the geometry of the Archimedean spiral, which according to D#146;Alembert, established a connecting link between the geometry of Archimedes and the infinitesimal calculus of Newton ( Rouse Ball 5 ). Throughout much of his adult life, Pascal fought a personal battle between his desires in worldly pursuits and in devoting his life to God. In January of 1655, committing himself to a religious life, he entered Port-Royal and remained there until his death on August 19, 1662.
Although he never became one of the solitaires, he from then on absolutist wrote only at their request and never again published under his own name. In fact, Pascal used the pseudonym of Dettonville for the publication of the renaissance his cycloid work. Pascal produced two famous religious works, Les Provinciales and Pensees , while at Port-Royal. Les Provinciales was written in defense of Antoine Arnauld who was on trial before the faculty of theology in Paris for his controversial religious works. It played an important role in promoting a return to inner religion and helped to secure the triumph of ideas of absolutist rulers Arnauld, which centered on the protest against the idea that the profligate could atone for continued sin by frequent communion without repentance. Les Provinciales is considered to have helped Catholicism to rid itself of religious laxity.
Its publication was an women during immediate success and has gained the reputation of marking the beginning of modern French prose. Pensees , still a work in progress at his death, resulted from Pascal#146;s meditations on miracles and other proofs of Christianity. In this work, Pascal proposed his famous wager to overcome the indifference of the religious skeptic: if God does not exist, the i am ready skeptic loses nothing by the renaissance believing him; but if he does exist, the skeptic gains eternal life by believing in him ( Orcibal 2 ). Pascal#146;s writings, in a sense, demonstrate that he was at battle with himself concerning secular and holy life. His religious writings display a mathematical-like rigor, but it is clear that Pascal had ambivalent feelings about rigor. Fermat, Barrow, and Pascal all recognized the looseness of their work on crows i am summation, but believed that one could make precise proofs in the manner of Archimedes. In Pascal#146;s published work on the problems of the cycloid, he stated that the infinitesimal geometry and classical Greek geometry were in agreement and that the method of indivisibles must be accepted by any mathematician who pretend to rank among geometers. However, at times Pascal also argued that the heart intervenes to the renaissance, assure us of the correctness of mathematical steps.
He felt that proper finesse is absolutist, of higher importance than geometrical logic to do the correct work, just as the religious appreciation of grace is above reason ( Kline 383 ). Pascal was clearly a brilliant thinker of the 17 th century, in women during, which his work in mathematics, physics, and about Iris religious philosophy significantly impacted each area of study. Historians question the originality of some of his contributions, some referring to it as popularization of others work. However, as a result of this popularization, Pascal made an important indirect contribution to each field in which he studied, namely bringing attention to during, the problems of the field and thereby creating interest, excitement, and about Chang: of a Historian advancement within those fields. Works Cited and Suggested Related Resources.
Kline, Morris. Mathematical Thought from during, Ancient to Modern Times . New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.