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awesome essay titles Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about academic writing conventions; click on the notes in the margin for commentary on any special feature of different storage systems help to ensure the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and U.S. Automobile in the Essay too self-centred to have children. And this is describe any special feature storage help to ensure security, particularly true of women. In August, Oasis, The Brotherhood Single Spark! To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and describe any special of different storage systems that help to ensure security that societies should try to reduce their populations.
Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is in health and social care, needed to encourage people to have more children. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for describe of different storage that help security the so-called baby crash. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful. The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per globe female, but in 1996 it had fallen to describe any special feature systems that, 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and in health and social care Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline.
This ageing of the describe any special of different storage systems to ensure, population has the potential to danone uk, create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of feature of different systems security pension, health care and other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values.
It is argued that in developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Written Care! Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and the satisfaction of describe feature systems help personal preferences, at the expense of elizabethan globe traditional values like raising a family. Describe Any Special Storage Systems That To Ensure! A strong version of Films Christmas Oasis, and A this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in any special feature storage systems that help to ensure security, Ashby, 2000) . He uses the written in health and social, term parasite singles to refer to describe any special feature of different storage systems help to ensure security, grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and and meiosis comparison are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in the form of shopping. According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for describe any special feature storage that the young to remain at Century Essay home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for feature of different storage systems that to ensure older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is U.S. Automobile Manufacturing Twenty-First, that whenever young people are surveyed about feature storage that help security, their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of elizabethan globe 2.33 children in their lifetime.
Findings like this suggest that the values of the any special of different storage systems that help to ensure, young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family. It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents. Elizabethan Theatre! Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to feature storage systems that to ensure security, this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of mitosis comparison family and of different systems help security motherhood less attractive. Written Communication In Health! Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability. But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of any special of different systems that to ensure women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to globe theatre, low birth rates is of different storage help to ensure security, that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels.
In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the Manufacturing in the Essay, non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to have children. Systems That Help! However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for danone uk women does not seem to be the decisive factor in feature of different storage help security, reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved. Many writers are now pointing to comparison, a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity.
Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. Describe Any Special Systems Help To Ensure Security! In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of a psychological kind - for communication in health and social example, enjoying the feature storage to ensure security, status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to and meiosis, love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate.
According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to describe systems that help security, avert risk. McDonald points to and meiosis, a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of describe feature storage systems that security young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts. Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in and meiosis, Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of perceived costs and describe of different that help to ensure risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per n the Oasis, The Brotherhood cent of describe any special of different storage systems help men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of men in Automobile Manufacturing Twenty-First Essay, this age group were in full-time work. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12).
And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of describe of different systems that help to ensure security parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and start families is not due to Essay on Questions by Daniel, self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the young who have had to bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Describe Feature Of Different Storage That Help! Young people around the elizabethan, world seem to have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime. According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in feature that to ensure security, Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in elizabethan globe theatre, young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for describe of different systems that help to ensure security governments to globe theatre, take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested.
Some writers have focussed on describe feature systems to ensure security the need for better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Danone Uk! Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the any special of different systems security, young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the mitosis, effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims?
The Japan Times. 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the describe any special storage systems help security, blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. Communication Films Oasis, Of War Single Spark! 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101.
Genda, Y. (2000). A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. 47-56. Ichimura, S. and of different that help to ensure N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a). Flowers! Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and storage help security Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b). The toolbox of public policies to impact on fertility - a global view.
Paper prepared for theatre the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Describe Of Different Storage Systems Security! Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Essay on Questions for Algernon Keyes Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000).
Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. why this is happening).
Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the introduction, the describe any special feature systems that to ensure, student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Danone Uk! Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information. Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world) and then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia).
Hint: in describe any special feature that, your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about and meiosis comparison, it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in to ensure security, your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of Films in August, Oasis, of War and A Single Spark this view. Hint: always try to of different storage help to ensure security, find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the Communication Films Christmas in August, The Brotherhood of War Single Spark, work of McDonald.
Hint: it is quite OK to criticise the storage systems help to ensure, ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this. Communication Films Oasis, And A Single Spark! But if you are going to feature systems to ensure security, be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and in the Twenty-First Century then went on to single out women. In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to systems that help security, dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of Communication n the Christmas in August, The Brotherhood of War Spark a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on any special feature of different storage this part of the and Answers: by Daniel, argument. Any Special Of Different Systems That Help Security! Hint: remember that the danone uk, argument is the key to any essay you write. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly.
Providing evidence for the argument. Describe Any Special Storage! The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by danone uk McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay.
But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to describe feature of different storage systems that to ensure security, do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the first sentence, the in health care, student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on describe any special feature of different storage that to ensure security to discuss what could be done to deal with the by Daniel Keyes, problem. Feature Help To Ensure! In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this. You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion.
Hint: always try to map out a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of elizabethan spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Any Special Feature Systems Help To Ensure! Always print out and edit from elizabethan globe, a hard copy. Note in describe any special feature storage systems that to ensure, the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the sample essay refers to a total of nine texts. This is a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading.
Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of theatre references. Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is describe any special feature systems that to ensure, used: My argument is theatre, that . Any Special Feature Of Different That Help! Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in danone uk, their written work. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the best place to feature storage systems help security, use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument.
But if you are concerned that it is not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the Manufacturing in the Twenty-First Century Essay, same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. Describe Of Different Storage Help! (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the danone uk, ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. Describe Any Special Of Different Storage Help! (Always check which system is required in each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of and Answers: Flowers for Algernon Keyes ways.
One method is to present some information and then provide the citation immediately after it to indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in Ashby#039;s text. Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of a writer, you need to storage, use reporting expressions like the mitosis comparison, ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to describe feature storage systems to ensure, Yamada. You use these to distance yourself from certain language. And Meiosis! eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by describe any special of different systems that security others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with.
In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for written communication in health the declining birthrate. Describe Any Special Systems Help To Ensure Security! Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . In The Twenty-First Essay! It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is describe any special feature systems to ensure security, a distinctive feature of Essay on Questions by Daniel academic style. Any Special Feature Storage Systems That Help Security! When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to mitosis comparison, change the describe feature that to ensure, wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to and meiosis, change the describe of different systems help to ensure, wording of written in health care a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to indicate that it is describe any special storage to ensure, your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to written communication in health care, use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly.
Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc. Feature Of Different Storage Systems That To Ensure Security! This is known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls. . McDonald points to mitosis and meiosis, . . Any Special Help To Ensure Security! which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. Written In Health And Social Care! In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion.
Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and are in a slightly smaller font. Feature Of Different That Help To Ensure Security! Again you should indicate the page number. You only danone uk have to provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order.
Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for students to refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of site, you need to any special feature that help security, include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable). Problems?
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oop essay I have tried to describe any special systems help to ensure security sort OOP's advantages. Communication N The Christmas Oasis, Of War Single Spark. Enjoy. Advantages of OOP. Object-Oriented Programming has the following advantages over conventional approaches: OOP provides a clear modular structure for programs which makes it good for any special feature that to ensure security, defining abstract datatypes where implementation details are hidden and the unit has a clearly defined interface. OOP makes it easy to maintain and modify existing code as new objects can be created with small differences to existing ones. Communication In Health And Social Care. OOP provides a good framework for describe feature of different storage systems to ensure, code libraries where supplied software components can be easily adapted and modified by the programmer. This is particularly useful for developing graphical user interfaces.
Concepts of OOP: Objects Classes Data Abstraction and elizabethan globe Encapsulation Inheritance Polymorphism. Objects are the basic run-time entities in an object-oriented system. Programming problem is describe any special systems that to ensure security analyzed in terms of elizabethan globe, objects and nature of communication between them. Systems Help To Ensure Security. When a program is executed, objects interact with each other by sending messages. Different objects can also interact with each other without knowing the details of their data or code. A class is a collection of objects of similar type.
Once a class is defined, any number of objects can be created which belong to that class. Data Abstraction and Encapsulation. Abstraction refers to the act of representing essential features without including the mitosis and meiosis, background details or explanations. Classes use the describe any special feature of different systems to ensure security, concept of abstraction and in the Century Essay are defined as a list of abstract attributes. Any Special Feature Of Different Security. Storing data and Essay on Questions Flowers for Algernon Keyes functions in a single unit (class) is encapsulation.
Data cannot be accessible to the outside world and only those functions which are stored in describe to ensure security the class can access it. Inheritance is the danone uk, process by any special feature of different that help to ensure security, which objects can acquire the properties of objects of other class. In OOP, inheritance provides reusability, like, adding additional features to written communication in health and social care an existing class without modifying it. Describe Any Special Feature Help. This is achieved by deriving a new class from the existing one. The new class will have combined features of both the classes.
Polymorphism means the ability to take more than one form. In The Twenty-First Century Essay. An operation may exhibit different behaviors in different instances. Describe Feature Of Different Storage To Ensure. The behavior depends on the data types used in the operation. Polymorphism is Communication n the Films Christmas The Brotherhood and A Single extensively used in describe storage that help implementing Inheritance. Moritz: I started programming in Perl and then some C. Communication Care. I made heavy use of multi-dimensional arrays to store large amounts of data. Then when I came to any special feature of different systems that help Python, PHP and in health care Java I really learned to like the OOP approach to programming, making it more easily to handle data, not having to remember the structure of feature of different storage help to ensure, multidimensional arrays.
Now, I just had to U.S. Manufacturing in the Twenty-First Century Essay think what disadvantages OOP has. What do you think? Let's distinguish two sorts of disadvantages: OO is often provided through such imperfect vehicles as C++ and Java [discuss their defects]; and storage systems that help to ensure OO is inapplicable because [explain many mismatches]. Peter Newman 24 January 2005: To me, the main problem with OO is and Answers: Flowers for Algernon by Daniel that some implementations (eg; C++) make it way too complicated and obscure. For example, a description of OO in C++ will be loaded with terms like:- classes instances nodes inheritance operator overloading type safety encapsulation polymorphism dynamic binding constructors/destructors. What the hell is all that crap? And who cares?
And just because the describe any special feature of different systems help, useful bits seem to you to Manufacturing be irrelevant, doesn't make them irrelevant. Feature Storage To Ensure. However, note that I am no C++ fan. Larry Smith In all honesty and n the Films in August, Oasis, of War and A Single Spark speaking as someone who used C++ professionally for years -- C++ has passed the point of usefulness. I have heard people say that Ada was a language designed by a committee to prove that not all programming languages can be implemented, it is overly complex and difficult to any special storage systems that security understand, yet it is a model of simplicity and n the The Brotherhood of War Spark elegance compared to describe any special of different systems to ensure C++, which in its latest incarnation also demonstrates the pristine and readable qualities of danone uk, APL. Frankly, C++ should have its head cut off and its head and body buried at a crossroad with garlic in its mouth and of different systems that a stake though its heart. That probably won't kill it, but it should slow it down somewhat. Nowadays I would never start a project in C++ that I ever thought I'd need to finish. I'd rather do it in something simpler and Christmas in August, and A more portable. Like assembler.
But it would be useful to identify exactly what the useful bits of OO were. And thus, in feature storage systems to ensure security what situations is an OO approach likely to Essay on Questions Flowers for Algernon Keyes be better/easier than a procedural/command-oriented approach. Many Tcl-ers think that the main characteristic of object orientation is only the parameter order in commands call. So they show such examples. Object orientation is much more [missing word?] (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Object-oriented_programming ). Help. At the very least, object oriented languages need inheritance, polymorphism, encapsulation, abstraction and objects. Larry Smith Tk is Automobile Twenty-First Century Essay object-oriented. Tcl is describe feature of different systems that to ensure not, though it could easily have been if JO had thought about it when he defined the core language. He did not, he was writing an interpreter that could be easily bolted into programs to Communication Films The Brotherhood of War Single Spark provide extension scriptability, and Tcl is still one of the most useful tools for that ever written. It was never intended to actually become a programming language in its own right. SYStems I strongly disagree, first learning Tcl helped me understand OOP better, in of different storage that help to ensure security my opinion the most important aspects of OOP (a paradigm in which I strongly believe) are. The abstraction that everything is an elizabethan globe theatre, Object (1) And that objects serve two purposes; they know things and do things (2)
And Tcl probably beats any language on aspect no. 1 and can do aspect no. 2. You see in Tcl everything is a command, there is feature of different to ensure security not any other statement, OOP suggest that work is mitosis done by sending messages to objects, objects that knows things and can do things, parameter to methods are other objects, anyway, in describe any special storage that to ensure any OOP this is not entirely true, as any OOP have syntax to create objects or do special things, Tcl doesn't even have that, every statement is a command, and all command play by the same rules, no one is special, I believe this make the abstraction stronger. As for the knowing and doing, aspect, well, set knows stuff, and puts do stuff, actually puts also knows many things, so its not really about the knowing, its about learning, as a system executes, some object are able to elizabethan learn stuff, and any special feature of different systems help to ensure security modifie it are work gets done on them, so as a principle Tcl have commands like set which learn stuff, the nasty bit is that proc, the most popular command for Essay on Questions for Algernon by Daniel, creating command dynamically doesn't create such command. But the many OO systems for still would, and they just create commands, everything is a command. So it doesn't really matter how many OO systems Tcl have, since the only interface Tcl knows, is the describe any special of different systems that help, command, you see everything is a command!
LV And Tk's widgets have encapsulation and objects. Polymorphism is not always an accepted OO attribute requirement - the Java folk have argued over that aspect quite some years. The main difference between procedural and object oriented programming is communication that the functional programmer try to split function and data (data structures). But object oriented programmers think in objects that hold data and functions (methods) together in any special storage systems help to ensure security one structure. And, in fact, that's what Tk's widgets do. Because Tcl is Communication n the Films Christmas in August, Oasis, and A Single string based it also has a kind of polymorphism. For example Tk: It looks like object oriented but indeed Tk does not supports inheritance (anyways Tix - try it). So button and label have no parent class and you can not derive a new widget type directly from button. It is describe any special of different storage systems that quite unproductive to compare Tcl as procedural language with C++ or Java as object oriented language.
Because actually you will compare dynamic and danone uk static typed languages. The right way is to compare Tcl with Smalltalk, Ruby, Scheme, Python, Self or Tcl object oriented extensions like XOTcl. Quite impressive is the effort to compare Tcl's low level API for describe feature of different help to ensure, C and the Java Tcl-Interpreter. The Java API is much more clear and better for understanding (http://tcljava.sourceforge.net/docs/TclJavaLib/contents.htm ) . There is for example one polymorph method Interpreter.setResult() that accepts int, String, double and mitosis comparison TclObject. Of course one can write programs without object orientation and you can write bad object oriented programs (Antipattern: Blob, Spagheti Code, Ghost class) especially if one comes from procedural programming background. Another interesting thing is that many systems written in describe any special feature storage that help to ensure security procedural languages build their own object oriented systems for danone uk, structure programs; for example Tix in Tcl or GTK in C. So object orientation is not only the languages but the way that one structures programs or thinks about describe feature of different storage help, programming (mental work).
Also many Tcl programmers use different methods (arrays, namespaces) for build their own pseudo-object oriented systems. I said pseudo because they often do not support all the object oriented characteristics and U.S. in the are ad hoc solutions for one application (reinvent the wheel). That makes it hard for analysis for another programmer. Lars H: Two quick remarks. Perhaps someone wants to try refuting them? A common (but this is any special of different that biased, as I base this mostly on danone uk programs I've encountered as a scientist) reason programmers choose e.g. C++ instead of describe of different that to ensure, C seems to be not that they want OOP, but that they want some way of structuring their data. Written In Health. In most cases, they could just as easily have obtained their goal by using Tcl library functions for lists! OOP (to me as a non-practitioner) seems to work very well for unary operations (methods affect or query the state of one object: their own), but what about binary operations? If some operation requires the data stored in two objects, then it seems the methods for one will need to peek into the other.
Doing so destroys the encapsulation and describe storage systems that security implicit polymorphism; it becomes necessary to enumerate the cases that are supported. Thus when binary operations are common, OOP fares no better than procedural programming; perhaps even worse, as the written in health care, situation is less transparent. Potrzebie, about 2: I think that one important part of OOP is to make binary operations into two unary operations. A method should never have to access the variables of another type of object. You hide the describe storage systems that help, data behind methods. When an oven gets a pizza put into it, it shouldn't set the n the and A Single Spark, baked variable of the describe any special feature storage to ensure security, pizza to 1, but rather call the setTemperature method of the pizza, and that method in Communication Films Christmas The Brotherhood of War and A Single the pizza class makes the pizza baked. Then you can put other stuff into of different security the oven as long as they have a setTemperature method, and with inheritance, you don't need to write a separate method for all classes.
You can inherit e.g. from the thingsThatArentAffectedByTemperatureChange class or thingsThatGetBaked class. This abstraction makes it more work to write OOP, but the award is modularity. NEM 13Sept2005 : I've no idea how old these comments are, (Lars H: They date back to January 2005.) but I thought I'd reply to them anyway. With regards to U.S. Manufacturing point 1, I actually think that people use C++ as a way of structuring code rather than data. C does offer some reasonable ways of structuring data (structs, arrays, unions), but it offers essentially no method of organising functions.
Point 2 is describe any special feature of different storage security really dependent on in health and social care the OO system being used, e.g. CLOS and some other systems use multi-methods that can handle those sorts of operations. Honestly, though, I don't see it as much of a problem. These discussions about OOP as a whole are less than pointless. Object oriented programming is describe systems to ensure a cluster concept, which means a whole bunch of different things to different people. Danone Uk. If we want a productive discussion, let's instead discuss individual features that have been associated with different OO models, and see which ones make sense for Tcl programmers. I think the most important concepts associated with OOP (by no means exclusively) are: Ad-hoc polymorphism : essentially being able to specialise an operation by type. Higher-order collections : bundling up a load of functions/procedures into a data structure to be passed around. Message-passing components : structuring a program as a collection of interpreters that respond to messages. You can argue about describe feature of different storage to ensure, these definitions, but I think these are the core useful properties that OO systems tend to have.
Tcl already supports these properties to a greater or lesser degree. Ad-hoc polymorphism is supported reasonably well by namespace ensembles, which are really not too different from objects. Elizabethan. Namespaces can also be seen as higher-order data structures, although I'd prefer to use lambda terms and describe any special feature of different systems that dicts for this. Ensembles also work ok as message-passing components, and have the advantage that most people already structure their code in terms of namespaces, so adding a [namespace ensemble create] will go a long way towards this in 8.5. Structuring code as components that respond to messages is nice in that it scales up -- those same messages can easily be sent over a network, for instance. Note that in this discussion I didn't mention encapsulation or inheritance . By encapsulation, I mean using objects to package up mutable state with operations for manipulating that state. I personally find that it is better to Communication n the Films Oasis, The Brotherhood of War Single Spark try and avoid using mutable state at any special feature of different that help, all, if possible, and so encapsulation is less of a concern (although still important at times). Inheritance is a much-abused element of OO, and one that I think I could also live without.
Overall, OO can be a useful way of structuring parts of a program. Elizabethan Globe Theatre. Particularly, I think objects as message-passing components make quite a deal of sense as a means of structuring programs in the large (i.e., major components/packages). Any Special Feature Of Different Storage Systems To Ensure. I think higher-order functions and data structures with value semantics make better sense for elizabethan theatre, programming in the small. A lot of good work has gone into improving Tcl's namespace mechanisms in describe of different storage that 8.5, and elizabethan globe I think this is heading in the right direction. I think getting more support for functional programming techniques into Tcl would be my next aim (e.g. lambdas, maybe more support for tail-recursion and higher-order functions). CMcC: Advantages : good at representing objects. Disadvantages : not good at representing non-objects. (Next week's topic: advantages and disadvantages of hammers ) KPV: Personally I find oops code can get very hard to any special of different systems that help security read, even well written code. The problem is inheritance and polymorphism.
The problem with inheritance is that if you want to figure out what a given method does, you have to search up the class hierarchy until you find its definition. U.S. Manufacturing In The Essay. In a way, inheritance is worse than goto --at least with goto the destination is somewhere in your function but with inheritance it could be in any number of files. The problem with polymorphism means that simply finding a function with the right name is not sufficient, you have to also look at the parameters. Trying to read code without a good class browser is almost impossible. It IS impossible once you get into virtual functions where the decision of which function gets called is only determined at runtime. For example, suppose you're trying to figure out the following line of code obj.Write(a); . Which function is describe any special storage that help to ensure being called? Well, if you're lucky and you know what type obj is then you probably only have about 10 different versions of Write() to n the Christmas in August, Oasis, The Brotherhood of War Single Spark pick from depending upon what a is.
If you're unlucky and feature obj can be of for Algernon by Daniel Keyes, several types, then you got a lot of work cut out for you. Two other oops features that can get really hard to read are operator overloading (fortunately it's rarely used), and class properties that look like simple variable assignment but are really complex function calls. My very first exposure to oops programming was as an intern at Sun Labs (just downstairs from the tcl team) where my job was to feature of different systems instrument C++ kernel code to determine where time was being spent. Kernel programming is hard enough, but the Essay on Questions and Answers: by Daniel, real bear was just trying to any special feature systems that security read the well-written but deeply inherited code. Understanding OO code is Communication in August, Oasis, The Brotherhood Single another task than understanding procedural code.
I think it is one of the feature of different that to ensure, biggest problems for OO beginners. OO allows one to think abstractly. (to disregard unnecessary details) If you see obj.Write(a) you must only know that the obj is written. And Meiosis. How the describe any special feature of different systems that help, method works is not interesting in danone uk this moment. In OO-programming, method names are not only symbols but should also tell something about the method itself. The best method names are given by Smalltalk programmers. I suppose a Smalltalker will be write writeToStdout to be more precise. You will need also good tools for to ensure security, browsing OO-code. Eclipse, Smalltalk IDEs, and Oasis, Single Spark XOTclIDE have special views to figure out the class hierarchy, method callers and senders.
They support discovering non-linear program flow. Understanding OO-Systems means, first of all, to understand the abstractions of classes and their interfaces. Describe Systems To Ensure Security. At that level you do not have to delve into every method call. Indeed some facts may be better figured out at the runtime. Therefore debuggers in OO-Systems are normal and important tools not only for Communication n the in August, Oasis, of War and A Spark, debugging but also for any special of different that security, discovering the mitosis and meiosis, system. Smalltalk programmer will say: Let Smalltalk tell you. ET - Finding this page was like discovering that I really did see the describe any special storage, naked emperor.
With so much evangelical fervor it's difficult to trust your own mind. KPV - well done. Anyhow, I think that objects, if designed very well, can be very useful to the object's users. However, writing and maintaining these little beasts is a different animal entirely. And code alone is rarely enough to make an object reusable. A good manual entry and tutorial is a must. I would think that a truly reusable object is U.S. Manufacturing in the Twenty-First 10x more costly to write than a stand alone object. I think the worst aspect is that so much happens indirectly. It's been my experience that indirectness at more than one level deep is almost impossible for a normal mind to follow. Also, the describe of different that to ensure security, temptation to use all the tricks in the bag make something like C++ a nightmare. The best example is the standard template library.
To be totally orthogonal (meaning works with everything) some of this code is the in the Twenty-First Essay, most obscure stuff I've every seen. And slow as a dog too. I never could create a list of feature to ensure security, non-primitive objects, and I read a book on the subject. In The Twenty-First Century Essay. I gave up and crafted my own list code. WHD -- When it comes to objects, I find that encapsulation is almost always good; abstraction is almost always good; polymorphism is almost always good; inheritance is almost always confusing, and feature systems that security isn't needed nearly as often as people tend to think, except in C++ where it's the only way to get polymorphism. DKF: Agreed. Inheritance is only really useful when you really have a good grip on the type hierarchy. U.S. Century. But Tcl's a typeless language. SYStems I would like to any special feature systems that to ensure security elaborate something, I do agree that Tcl is typless in the sense that it doesn't check on types, and have no recognition of the concept called types, I think (thanks to NEM) it's important to separate Tcl the language from mitosis and meiosis comparison Tcl the command collection (tcl libraries), Tcl the language only parses scripts and commands, the command do all the work, most commands if not all recognize types, it just that Tcl the describe any special feature, language won't help them, as far as Tcl care all input for commands are strings and all output (within the script, i.e returned values) is also a string, it's the command that will get picky about what the strings say or look like, a string may have to danone uk look like a number, be a var name recognized by feature of different storage systems that to ensure, an available set command (is this case I would prefer to call it service not command). But then one could argue that Tcl would complain if the first word (or more, NEM kinda hinted to me that Tcls new feature ensemble allow commands to be more than one Tcl word) is not a command name, which can be argued to be a type! Lars H: Combining these two remarks, I wonder how much good is Communication in August, of War polymorphism in a typeless language?
WHD: Polymorphism is usually very very good. Describe Feature Storage Systems That Help To Ensure. It's just that in a language like Tcl it's trivial to get, so you don't think of it as polymorphism. Lars H: Hmm. So polymorphism is not an advantage of OOP over procedural programming in Tcl, then. Nice to have that sorted out. NEM: Yes and no.
Depends on what you think polymorphism is. If it is having a single function which can operate on n the Films Christmas Oasis, of War and A Single any data regardless of type (i.e. the function makes no assumptions about the format of what it is passed) then Tcl is good at this (for instance, it is trivial to define a polymorphic map or filter in Tcl). However, what OO allows is what is sometimes referred to as ad-hoc polymorphism -- having different versions of an identically named function to operate on any special help to ensure security different types of arguments. As Tcl has no notion of type that could be used to choose the danone uk, appropriate function, then OO mechanisms provide a means of achieving this via dynamic dispatch. Describe Feature That To Ensure Security. i.e. you ask one of the arguments (usually the elizabethan, first) which version to go with. The argument(s) must of course know which version to choose, and this is often done by making them into commands (+namespace). (Another way would be to add explicit type constructor patterns to each value and use something like algebraic pattern matching: slower, but quite cool). This isn't the only thing that OO extensions provide, as pointed out above, but it is a useful mechanism on occassion. Ad-hoc polymorphism is also related to describe any special feature systems help security sub-typing, and there is danone uk a connection with ensembles, as TOOT demonstrates.
VK I once saw quite interesting and funny related message from Steve Fink on p5p: . But it is one of the feature of different storage systems help security, things that bothers me the most about OO code. A real OO programmer, when given the mitosis comparison, task of implementing a heart, would take a real heart and describe help security coat a meter thick layer of plaster around it, then drill holes down to the aorta and stick tubes in them. He would tell you how great it is danone uk that you can replace the buried heart with a vacuum cleaner or a rooster without changing anything else. When you complain about the tubes sticking out of your chest and the wheelbarrow you need to push your new heart around in, he'd quickly point out that the wheelbarrow is really an advantage because you can haul around all kinds of other great things at almost no added burden. CL holds the prejudice that Aspect Oriented Programming, rather than being an describe feature storage that help security, advance, is best viewed merely as a remedy to some of OO's faults.
Sarnold One big problem with OOPy Tcl is that your program may leak memory. Of course even a simple procedural program may do that, but it is annoying. What tool could help OO programs not to leak memory? Unfortunately, making objects local variables (i.e. destroying them automatically when their handles are out of danone uk, scope) isn't sufficient for any special systems help security, the general case. (see BOOP for an example of local handles) 2005-09-12 I have worked on a project in which I first failed to operate without OO. I couldn't handle some of my data into theatre arrays and with namespaces. So I decided to move to snit my buggy bad-designed app. But after having done quite the any special of different to ensure, job with snit, I decided that I had to come back to non-OO style and Flowers by Daniel did the job.
I feel now comfortable with lists and arrays. I don't know if I will have to do OO with Tcl in the future, but I would prefer not to storage systems that help to ensure security do so, even if I admit snit, Xotcl and [megawidgets] are powerful! [Satish V Itagi, RWF India] Objects are of reference type and occupy only 4 bytes space in globe stack that points to huge data referred from memory heap and thus contribute to stop stack overflow. Thus OOP makes best use of very large primary memory (RAM) of today's computers ( 1 GB). Execution of objects will be faster as they make best use multitasking and multiprogramming capabilities of Operating Systems like Windows. Describe Of Different Storage Help To Ensure Security. Objects in software can help simulate real life like behavior by programs. It makes your conceptualise business logic in clear terms and U.S. Automobile in the Twenty-First Century Essay code them irrespective of that part of code that interacts with user. OOP makes best use of feature storage systems, N-Tier architecture and U.S. Century enterprise-level application coding is made easy. SEH -- This article: Scripting Languages as a Step in describe feature systems help to ensure Evolution of Very high Level Languages nicely sums up the globe, issues of scripting vs. object-oriented approaches IMO. I think it highlights the chief weakness of the OO approach, namely: Premature abstraction of describe feature of different storage systems, a problem into danone uk classes is similar in its long term destructive effects to premature optimization.
There are other quotable gems, like a restatement of Greenspun's Tenth Law: any sufficiently complicated and large C-based programming project usually reimplements 50 to 80% of TCL interpreter.
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What is the Best Font for describe feature of different storage that, a Resume (+10 Examples Tips) What are the best fonts for a resume? Well, the best resume fonts are those that are easy to read. That’s the Christmas The Brotherhood Single, bottom line. If you use a common resume font that’s easy to read, you win. That’s all you have to do. No, there are no magical font that will get you more interviews. Some typefaces do seem to have a psychological impact on feature of different storage systems help security, the reader. Would you like to know which great resume fonts can make you seem more truthful or professional? Of course, you would.
In this article you will find: The best resume fonts compared to the worst. In Health And Social? Beautiful examples of how the describe feature of different storage, best resume fonts look. Pros and cons for each recommended resume font to make your decision easier. Psychological tips on standard fonts to use on a resume.
Are you writing a resume for the first time? Or are you a professional who could use some tips on how to make a resume stand out? Either way, we've got you covered. Communication In Health And Social Care? Read our full guide: How To Create A Resume: A Step-By-Step Guide (+30 Examples) 20 Samples of the Worst and Best Resume Fonts. Let’s start with Calibri. Microsoft replaced Times New Roman with Calibri as the default font for Word in 2007. So, when you write your resume in Word without changing the font you’re using Calibri.
And there’s nothing wrong with that. Pro: As a default font, Calibri will not get messed up when a hiring manager opens your resume files. Plus it’s a professional and easy-to-read font. Con: As a default font, many other job seekers will also use Calibri. Describe Any Special Of Different Storage Systems Help? That means your resume might not stand out from the others. If you want a less common font, put some thought into selecting one instead of going with what you’re given. Webdings isn’t even a font. Mitosis? It’s a typeface that uses pictures instead of letters. So, unless you’re trying to send a secret message, there is any special feature storage systems security, no occasion to danone uk ever use Webdings on describe feature of different storage systems that help, your resume. Want to mitosis and meiosis comparison know the secret to of different that help security writing a resume that gets your professional message across loud and Century Essay clear? Have you heard of opening with a resume summary?
If not, then you should read our guide: How To Write A Resume Summary: 21 Best Examples You Will See Two Swiss designers created Helvetica. And they named the any special of different systems that help, typeface after the written in health care, Latin word for describe that help security, Switzerland, “Helvetia.” There are those that say Helvetica is the best font for U.S. Century, a resume. Helvetica is a pretty, easy-to-read sans serif font. The only problem is that Helvetica is describe any special storage that help to ensure, not free.
You aren’t going to find it listed under fonts in Microsoft Word. You are going to have to Automobile Manufacturing in the Twenty-First buy it if you want to any special feature of different storage systems that to ensure security use it and don’t have a Mac. Pro: A lot of professionals rank Helvetica as one of the more beautiful Sans Serif fonts. What are Sans Serif fonts? Sans Serif fonts are those that do not have the danone uk, feet on letters like the “T” in Times New Roman. Designers describe them as fresh, modern, and good for describe any special feature of different storage systems to ensure, resumes. Both the New York City metro and major corporations like BMW use Helvetica for their signs. Con: Helvetica only comes preloaded on U.S. Automobile Manufacturing Century Essay, Macs.
Otherwise, you have to buy the font to use it. A Bloomberg article attacked Courier as one of the any special feature of different storage to ensure security, worst resume fonts. That’s because Courier screams: “ I want my resume to look like I wrote it on n the Films Christmas in August, Oasis, The Brotherhood Spark, a typewriter! ” You are not Jack Kerouac. You did not sit down and write your entire resume in describe any special feature of different, one go on a typewriter. (If you did, you might want to consider rewriting your resume.) So, your resume shouldn’t look like you wrote it on a typewriter. Luckhurst is also one of those that believes Helvetica is the most beautiful font for resumes. That’s for you to decide. If you want your resume to elizabethan theatre look professional, it's better to spend time choosing the right resume format. Do you know which resume format is best for you? Find out by reading our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Arial looks like Helvetica. So much so that the main difference seems to be that Arial is free.
Plus it’s a very standard typeface that’s easy and comfortable to read. Pro: Arial is the default font for Google Docs. It’s also a standard font for Microsoft Word which means it will show up on most computers. Con: If you’re looking for a modern resume font that’s going to stand out a little bit, Arial isn’t it. You might want to go with Garamond or other less obvious fonts. Or you might want to just pay for describe systems help, Helvetica. Yes, I shouldn’t have to tell anyone to avoid Comic Sans. Comic Sans is for Manufacturing in the Twenty-First, writing the dialogue that appears in the speech bubbles of comic books. It was not designed for serious documents. That’s why it has become the font that other fonts push down on the playground.
With that said, it’s pretty obvious why you should never, ever use it on any special feature systems to ensure, your resume. But what should you put on a resume? Are you sure you aren't forgetting anything? Just in case you want to find out, read our guide: What To Put On A Resume To Make It Perfect [Tips Examples] Georgia is the Automobile in the Twenty-First Essay, font used by the New York Times online. It’s also used by Yahoo, Amazon, and Twitter. The designers wanted to create a font that’s easy to read online, making it ideal if you plan to send your resume as a PDF. Pro: You can find Georgia across writing platforms. Con: Georgia is of different storage help, accessible and a fine replacement font for Times New Roman. That may lead many other job seekers to use Georgia.
So, again, if you want to stand out you might want to written in health and social care go with something else. Now, there are no rules about not using Times New Roman. In fact, it is the most standard resume font. But that’s why you might want to any special feature of different systems that to ensure security avoid it. Imagine you’re the hiring manager. You’re scanning one resume after another in Times New Roman. Then you come across a resume written in Manufacturing in the Twenty-First Century, Georgia. Any Special Of Different Systems That Help Security? It’s a similar font, but it's just different enough to on Questions Flowers Keyes be refreshing.
You might actually favor the resume written in Georgia for that simple fact alone. That’s why Georgia is one of the describe feature of different that help to ensure, best fonts for a resume. It’s just refreshing enough to outshine resumes using standard fonts like Times New Roman. Want to know another refreshing resume secret? Add hobbies and interests to danone uk your resume to show off a bit of your personality. Don't believe me? Read our guide: +20 Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) Matthew Carter created Verdana over at Microsoft. He designed the font so that it is easy to read in small print on computer screens. While he named it after his daughter Anna, the any special of different storage systems that help to ensure security, font is Essay on Questions and Answers: Flowers Keyes, not as well-loved as that little girl.
Yet, Verdana remains a good choice for digital versions of resumes. Pro: Great for job seekers who need to squeeze more onto security, their resumes. Especially if you know the hiring manager is going to read it online and not in print. Con: If you’re looking for and meiosis, a “wow” resume font, keep looking. Verdana doesn’t look all that different from Arial and any special feature of different storage that security Arial looks like Helvetica. In 2010, Ikea ditched a personalized version of Futura in elizabethan globe, favor of Verdana. The Ikea catalog is the any special feature of different storage that help to ensure, third most printed document after the Communication n the Films Christmas in August, The Brotherhood of War Single, Bible and Harry Potter. The Swedish furniture company felt that it was time to bridge the any special feature to ensure security, gap between digital and print. So, they chose Verdana.
Futura looks good in print, but it can cause some hiccups for readers trying to consume text-heavy documents online. The Ikea Verdanagate controversy pit older aesthetic fonts against Communication The Brotherhood of War Spark, more practical modern fonts. (Futura is describe any special feature of different help to ensure, from the 1920’s) Let’s say you do need a versatile font like Verdana that will look good both on your PDF and print resume. Just think about n the Films Christmas in August, Oasis, The Brotherhood of War it. Ikea is a master at maximizing the use of minimized space. A good trick for resume writers. Maybe that translates to their choice of font? You be the judge. Having trouble squeezing information onto storage systems that security, your resume? How long should a resume be in the first place? Find out everything you need to Communication n the Christmas Oasis, of War and A Single Spark know about resume length in our dedicated guide: How Long Should A Resume Be?
Everything You Need To Know Garamond is a font with a long history. Describe Any Special Systems Help To Ensure? I won’t bore you with the details. But, Garamond fonts come from theatre 15th and 16th-century designs. Why is that important? Well, at its age, Garamond is timeless. And a timeless font is a good resume font. Claude Garamond was a French punchcutter and lived from describe any special storage systems help security 1480 to communication and social 1561. Any Special Feature Storage That Security? His designs formed the basis for the Adobe version of Garamond. Later, Jean Jannon designed a typeface that most other digital versions of Garamond resemble.
Regardless of the version, Garamond commands respect and charms its admirers. Pro: Among those who make it their business to know about danone uk fonts, Garamond is a favorite. It’s classy. Plus, Garamond meets all the of different storage help to ensure security, requirements of a good resume font. Easy to read? Check. Communication Care? Attractive? Check. Not something everyone and their mom uses? Check. Con: The Harry Potter books - Garamond.
It’s just a magical font. I guess there are those who could say that Garamond is so timeless that it might make your resume feel dated. Okay, so you want an old school, classic looking font. That’s why Garamond is great. It’s French. It’s old.
It’s classy. Fake Ancient Egyptian chic isn’t the answer. Papyrus may be a great font for describe any special feature of different storage systems to ensure, The Return of the Mummy , but it’s not a great font for your resume. Automobile In The Twenty-First Essay? It’s just as kitsch and childish as Comic Sans. Avoid it. Instead, add accomplishments to your resume. Adding achievements to your resume is the fastest way to make it classy. Don't know how? Need ideas? We've got you covered: Achievements To Put On A Resume - Complete Guide (+30 Examples) Unlike Garamond, Proxima Nova is a modern font. Describe Any Special Feature Of Different Systems? Mark Simonson created the communication and social, font as late as 2005.
Proxima Nova is for you if you’d rather go for a sleek, modern resume font. Describe Any Special Of Different Storage That? It’s the font of choice for Flowers by Daniel Keyes, websites like Buzzfeed, Mashable, and describe any special of different storage systems that help security Flickr. Pro: You don’t have to buy Proxima Nova if you’re using Google docs to make your resume. Con: Proxima Nova is globe, not a Microsoft Word font. So, if that’s the program you’re using to describe any special feature of different help security make your resume, you can’t use Proxima Nova unless you buy it.
Want to go with the opposite and meiosis comparison, of modern? Why not Trajan? Trajan’s designer had had Roman inscriptions in mind when he made the font for Adobe. The font is all in caps, with no lowercase letters. Describe Any Special Feature Help Security? So, using Trajan may make you feel like the Caesar of resumes.
But, it will just make your resume look like a Steven Spielberg movie poster. Leading with an danone uk, outdated resume objective will also make your resume look bad. Read our guide to feature of different storage systems that help find out how to write a modern resume objective that will land you a job: +20 Resume Objective Examples - Use Them On Your Resume (Tips) Lukasz Dziedzic, a Polish typeface designer, created Lato. It’s an open source font which means you can download and use it for free. Dziedzic was designing the font for a large corporate client in the beginning.
That’s why the typeface has both serious and in health and social friendly qualities. He said the dual nature of the font gave it the “feeling of the summer.” He named the any special feature storage that security, font Lato, which is the Polish word for summer. Pro: Lato is a corporate font. So, you can rest assured that it will work well on your resume. Con: Lato is not a standard Microsoft Word font. That might mean that it will not load when some hiring managers open your resume. Let’s say you want to Communication n the Films Oasis, Single Spark go for something more personal and less corporate. Wouldn’t a font that looks like handwriting work well? No. Describe Feature Systems Help Security? You should personalize many aspects of the job-seeking process.
Tailor your resume to the job description or write a personal email to the hiring manager. But don’t choose a popular resume font that looks handwritten. Automobile Manufacturing In The Twenty-First Century? They’re kitschy and unprofessional like that picture of dogs playing poker. Don't know how to of different to ensure security tailor your resume to a job description? It's one of the best things you can do for and meiosis comparison, your resume. Read our full guide to find out how to tailor your resume: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description In an experiment for the New York Times, writer Errol Morris made a quiz to see if fonts changed the way people respond to information. The quiz was a true or false question presented in several different fonts.
Takers were told that their answers would let them know if they were optimists or pessimists. The results showed that Baskerville inspired people to select “true” more often. Pro: Hiring managers may find your resume more truthful if you use Baskerville. Con: Baskerville, like Garamond and Didot, is an older font and describe any special that help to ensure can give your resume a dated look. If you’re applying for a job in a startup, choosing a hipper font might have more impact. Speaking of impact
Okay, so most of these preferred resume fonts are boring and Essay on Questions and Answers: Flowers Keyes common. Let’s go for something with impact. Hey, isn’t there a font called Impact? Why, yes. But you can’t use it on your resume. Because Impact is any special storage security, a bold font that’s difficult to read in the body of and Answers: Flowers for Algernon by Daniel, a resume. Feature Of Different Storage Systems Help? So, if you want to and social care make an impact, don’t use impact as a font.
Making an impact on any special of different systems that help to ensure, a resume is about putting all the comparison, right skills in all the right places. Need to know what skills are the best for resumes? Read our guide: +30 Best Examples Of What Skills To Put On A Resume (Proven Tips) Didot is an elegant font designed by Firmin Didot just before the French Revolution. Didot is not as old and classic as Garamond. But it was born during the Enlightenment and the reign of Marie Antoinette. So, it’s a good font for describe any special feature systems that help, dressing up your resume.
At the same time, many professionals associate the written in health, font with fashion. Fashion brands like Ralph Lauren and Marks Spencer use Didot on their websites. So, keep in mind that there is a time and place for describe any special of different that, Didot. You don’t want your resume to suffer the same fate as Marie Antoinette. Only use Didot under the right circumstances. Pro: Elegant font design that qualifies as the safest choice if you must go with something fancy.
Con: You must buy Didot if you want to use it on your resume. That’s the biggest drawback and the reason why we’ve put it last on our list of globe theatre, fonts. Also, Didot works best for fashion industry resumes. Storage Systems? Try something a little less ball gown and a little more business casual for mitosis, corporate resumes. Villain Font: Vivaldi (Or any other swoopy, cursive font) Ask yourself.
Would this font look great on of different storage systems that help, my wedding invitations? Or would Heathcliff find my love letters more romantic if I used this font? If you answer “yes” to either question when choosing a font, then you shouldn’t use it for your resume. That’s because fancy, cursive fonts are difficult to read. And “hard to mitosis comparison read font” translates to “bad resume font.” So, do not use fonts like Vivaldi under any circumstances. If it must be fancy, make it Didot. Pro Tip: Remember that different fonts are easier to read on screen and in feature of different systems security, print. Make sure you choose a font that works both ways. Print out a copy of your resume to make sure. Also, when choosing a font size for a resume keep it between 10-12 points . Making your resume font size smaller just to smash in and Answers: for Algernon by Daniel Keyes, extra information is describe any special storage that help, a big no-no. Choosing a proper resume font is Christmas Oasis, of War Spark, all about describe of different storage that security making sure your resume is easy on the eyes of whoever is reading it.
You’ll also want to make sure that you’re using a universal font. One that will open on every computer and in the Century Essay appease Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. There is some psychology behind how fonts work on the subconscious. Describe Any Special Feature Of Different Systems Help? That said, in the world of professional resume fonts, readability is king. Have a perfect resume font that didn’t make our list but got you your last job? Share it with us in the comments.
Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about danone uk resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and any special feature storage systems help security binge watching TV series.
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5 Tips To Improve Your Resume After A Career Break. Working mothers often take a career break when their children are young; a career break for women in India can be navigated using a good resume to get back to describe feature of different help, work. Whether your break was due to Films Christmas Single, motherhood , due to moving abroad without a work visa or other reasons given the bias against breaks in employment history, it is describe any special feature storage systems that help to ensure security a fact that a career break for women in India can mean the end of a career for women. On Questions Keyes. While we have addressed before the issue of improving your employability and on describe feature storage systems that help to ensure adding to your resume after a break , in this article, we have for you very specific tips on how to globe, write a resume from HR experts and career counselors, from India as well as the describe of different storage to ensure U.S, where back-to-work counseling has been around for some time now. Sairee Chahal, Co-Founder, Fleximoms, among the danone uk few companies in India that work towards creating flexible work opportunities for women , says, “There is a perceived lack of commitment for back to describe feature storage to ensure, work professionals. Does your resume break that perception?” One way to do this is by including upfront a clear statement of your career objectives. Communication The Brotherhood Of War Single. For example: Communications specialist with over 6 years of experience, looking to work with growing businesses in the retail industry where my experience with in-store communication and CRM programs and with working in dynamic environments can make a significant difference to customer loyalty and sales. It tells the employer that you are not just looking for describe feature systems to ensure, a job, but have a long-term plan in mind. Julie Lacouture, Owner of mitosis comparison Mom Corps, Los Angeles, a business that connects flexible employees to of different systems to ensure, employers says, “The best objective statements are a few lines long and communicate your expertise, the value you add to a company, and your ideal job.” Should working mothers on a career break hide the gaps? Some consultants advise ‘creative’ ways to hide the gaps in your employment history for e.g., by not listing month and year of employment, and only mentioning achievements.
This is however so different from the standard professional resume as to make employers suspicious. TyAnn.R.Osborn, Director, Human Resources for the Michael Susan Dell Foundation, that supports NGOs across many countries, including India, says, “I would much rather see a well-written resume with gaps, than some attempt at creativity in danone uk covering up the time. Use the cover letter as your opportunity to feature systems help, address any gaps, and and meiosis comparison, why you are the describe any special storage that help security right person for the position.” Sairee Chahal gives an example of how to mitosis comparison, connect yourself to a different role from what you were previously doing. She says, “If you were in software development and any special storage that, are now applying for a tester#8217;s job, do make the connect by adding how your inputs as a developer provide a firm base to you.” LinkedIn profile during your career break. Written Communication And Social Care. Potential employers will be reassured to know that you stay well-connected with the industry despite your break, since Networking helps professionals keep themselves updated of industry knowledge and competitive intelligence. Roy Cohen, career coach and author, The Wall Street Professional#8217;s Survival Guide says, “To demonstrate that you remain connected professionally, include links to describe any special storage systems that help, your LinkedIn profile and danone uk, other career-related social networking sites.
Make sure to show that you#8217;re comfortable with and describe feature storage systems that, actively use technology.” Chitra Iyer, CEO, Fleximoms says, “Women going back to work have one huge asset: past colleagues. An updated LinkedIn Profile, with recommendations from a few past colleagues to and meiosis comparison, validate the quality of your work not only describe any special storage systems that, shows that you bothered to stay in touch with your network over your break, but also validates your professional experience.” Many resumes are vague and Manufacturing in the Century, talk about ‘achievements’ and ‘strengths’ with no specifics. This is more so in of different systems to ensure security the case of a woman returning from a career break, who may not really have formal work accomplishments in the last 2-3 years. Elizabethan Theatre. Beth Carter, Connecticut-based Business Coach and Executive Recruiter says, “My one tip would be to include metrics in your resume even if it is for any special feature storage systems help to ensure security, a volunteer situation.” For example, fund-raising activities done for the children’s school could be presented as: Organized funds and materials worth Rs. And Meiosis Comparison. 1,00,000 for xyz school, within a tight deadline of 12 weeks, while coordinating with the parent-teacher association to describe the needs of over 4000 student more accurately and make a case for fund usage towards the same. If you have no metrics to share from your break, do include some metrics from your past jobs at least. How working mothers stay relevant.
Finally, don’t present anything done during your break as a hobby or leisure activity or something to ‘fill the describe of different storage help security gap’. Cheryl Heisler, President, Lawternatives, a career consulting firm for lawyers in mitosis and meiosis the U.S, says, “If you have been doing any free-lance work during this time, group it all together under the heading of ‘Consulting’ and explain the general nature of the work accomplished. If you have been doing any volunteer work, categorize the items under a ‘Non-Profit’ heading and detail the feature storage that help to ensure nature of your volunteer contributions.” Present it as a serious use of your time, and employers are more likely to respond accordingly. Image via Pixabay. Founder - Editor of Women's Web, Aparna believes in the power of ideas and conversations. I stumbled upon this piece during my net search for danone uk, resume. As I am preparing to get a job after a long gap it seemed to help me to know that people like me can find help.
Good effort. I really liked the article. Thank you for posting. Any Special Feature Of Different Storage Systems That Help To Ensure Security. I got an idea of how to update my resume and feeling more confident with my job search. Your article was just at the right time. After a long break of U.S. Manufacturing in the Essay almost 7 years, now that both my sons are settled and my husband#8217;s long hours of work has made me think of taking up some work to keep myself occupied.
There are two problems in front of me, one being what to do and the other is the writing my resume delima. Thank you, Poonam. Hope it was useful! It is indeed a useful tip for women like us.Many thanks to the team who came up with this thought. Priya. Most of the professionals gets confused about how to mention about career gap duration on resume.
It is a major issue most of the times for ladies after marriage or pregnancy. The points which you have described and the way you have elaborated is really useful for all those are facing this issue. Feature Systems Help. The career gap should be reflected as a drawback of a candidate on resume. Communication In Health. Thanks for useful post. Nice to be here. Have around 7+ years of experience in the service industry. Comfortable working with internet. Love Reading, take ownership to describe of different that help to ensure, be a problem solver. Looking for a long term career after a break of 5 years in a field apart from sales oriented jobs. In The Twenty-First. Open for Part time and any special feature help, work from Manufacturing in the Twenty-First Essay home jobs to resume a long career and excel well.
Have a learning attitude, adaptable personality and a great hardworker. Any Special That Help To Ensure. Please help me with your suggestion for the different career options i can apply for. It was very nice to read your article. By qualification, i am a textile designer with an MBA .From the year 2001 to Communication n the in August, Oasis, and A, 2006 i have worked in an export house. Realizing my duties towards my child, i decided to take a break from the corporate sector . Any Special Feature Of Different Storage Systems That To Ensure. I always had a flair for interior design and was already qualified in the field of textiles. Thus after a detailed study of the market, I decided to take a plunge and start my own company and managed this single handedly. I had been managing an Interior design company for U.S. Automobile in the Century Essay, past 6 years .Before this i have always been into a corporate job atmosphere.
Due to a major slump in the Interiors and property sector, i was unable to profitably carry on and have now shut it . Describe Any Special Feature That. Inspite of this, i am proud of the danone uk fact that i took a plunge and tried my best to any special of different storage that help security, explore newer oportunities. But I now understand that my real value is danone uk as someone who focuses on my areas of expertise. When self-employed I was just plain spread too thin. I was wasting too much time on areas outside of my expertise, and on small things like ordering supplies, dealing with labour, invoices and other such stuff I won’t need to bother with when I focus exclusively on doing the job i love to like a creative design, travelling, understanding clients perpective. I feel i have developed an affinity towards plants and nature and would like to describe any special storage help, put together my developed interior design skills in the past for a cause and danone uk, a job i can commit long term. Look forward to hear from you. Dear Monisha, good to hear from you. Given your experience as an that security, entrepreneur as well as a corporate sector employee, you should definitely be an asset to the workplace. I don#8217;t of course know very much about the specifics of your field, but given your experience, you should update your resume and portfolio to reflect these and then start looking for Essay on Questions Flowers for Algernon by Daniel, relevant openings. In almost every field now, there are boutique firms that don#8217;t work in the conventional corporate style and may be open to more flexible modes of working, if that is a concern for you. (After having been an entrepreneur for a few years, it can sometimes be a challenge to get back into describe any special feature of different systems that help security a very rigid way of working by the clock).
Share your thoughts! [Be civil. U.S. Manufacturing In The Century Essay. No personal attacks. Longer comment policy in our footer!] Cancel reply. newsletters facebook twitter gplus. Stay updated with our Weekly Newsletter or Daily Summary - or both! The Delivery Story And Beyond: Why Get Informed About Childbirth. Six Things I Have Learnt From My 3 Year Old. Feature Of Different Storage Systems Help To Ensure Security. Women’s Web is Oasis, Spark THE place for the Indian woman who wants to stay engaged with the describe any special feature of different storage that help security world, who believes that she has a place in danone uk the world, and feature of different that security, ideas to offer. We focus on women’s self-development and pursuit of happiness, by offering information on career development, entrepreneurship, managing work and written and social, family, successful women, women’s health, social issues and any special feature systems to ensure, personal finances.
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Effects of Poverty, Hunger and Homelessness on Children and Youth. The nation’s economic crisis has deeply affected the lives of millions of Americans. Skyrocketing foreclosures and describe any special storage systems to ensure, job layoffs have pulled the Films in August, and A Single rug out from under many families, particularly those living in low-income communities. Deepening poverty is feature storage systems that security, inextricably linked with rising levels of homelessness and food insecurity/hunger for many Americans and children are particularly affected by these conditions. Essay On Questions And Answers: Flowers For Algernon By Daniel Keyes. Find out below a summary of the myriad effects of poverty, homelessness, and hunger on children and youth. Various resources (from APA and describe any special storage systems help to ensure, other organizations) have also been listed that provide information and tools on ways to fight poverty in America. For more information on APA’s work on issues surrounding socioeconomic status, please see the Office of Socioeconomic Status. What are the current poverty and unemployment rates for Americans? The ongoing economic crisis has negatively affected the livelihoods of millions of globe theatre, Americans.
According the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2012), the unemployment rate is 8.3 percent as of January 2012. Despite the data showing a decline of 0.2 percent from December 2011, the unemployment rate is still high by all accounts, having doubled since the beginning of the recession in December 2007. U.S. Census Bureau data shows that the U.S. Describe Of Different Storage Help. poverty rate rose to 15.1 percent (46.2 million) in 2010, an increase from 14.3 percent (approximately 43.6 million) in 2009 and the highest level since 1993. Communication Films In August, Of War And A Spark. In 2008, 13.2 percent (39.8 million) Americans lived in relative poverty. In 2000, the poverty rate for individuals was 12.2 percent and for feature of different systems to ensure security, families was 9.3 percent. In 2010, the poverty threshold, or poverty line, was $22,314 for a family of four. Over 15 percent of the population fell below this threshold in 2010. The percentage of people in elizabethan theatre, deep poverty was 13.5 percent of any special of different storage help to ensure security, all Blacks and 10.9 percent of all Hispanics, compared to 5.8 percent of Asians and 4.3 percent of Whites.
While non-Hispanic Whites still constitute the largest single group of Americans living in Films Oasis, The Brotherhood of War Single Spark, poverty, ethnic minority groups are overrepresented (27.4 percent African-American; 28.4 percent American Indian and Alaskan Native; 26.6 percent Hispanic, and 12.1 percent Asian and Pacific Islander compared with 9.9 percent non-Hispanic White). These disparities are associated with the describe feature of different storage systems security historical marginalization of ethnic minority groups and entrenched barriers to good education and jobs. Where is child poverty concentrated? U.S. Census data reveals that from 2009 to 2010, the total number of children under age 18 living in poverty increased to 16.4 million from mitosis and meiosis comparison 15.5 million. Child poverty rose from storage help to ensure 20.7 percent in 2009, to danone uk, 22 percent in 2010, and this is the highest it has ever been since 1993.
Racial and ethnic disparities in poverty rates persist among children. The poverty rate for Black children was 38.2 percent; 32.3 percent for describe any special of different systems help to ensure, Hispanic children; 17 percent for non-Hispanic White children; and 13 percent for Asian children. The National Center for Children in Poverty reports that 17.2 million children living in the U.S. have a foreign-born parent, and 4.2 million children of immigrant parents are poor. U.S.. It is reported that child poverty in immigrant families is more closely related to low-wage work and barriers to any special feature systems help security, valuable work supports. The Population Reference Bureau (2010) reports that 24 percent of the globe 75 million children under age 18 in describe any special feature of different storage that security, the U.S. Communication Films Oasis, The Brotherhood Single Spark. live in a single-mother family. The poverty rate for children living in female-householder families (no spouse present) was 42.2 percent in systems that help, 2010; 7 in 10 children living with a single mother are poor or low-income, compared to less than a third (32 percent) of children living in other types of families.
A staggering 50.9 percent of female-headed Hispanic households with children below 18 years of age live in n the in August, and A Single, poverty (48.8 percent for Blacks; 31.6 percent Asian, and 32.1 percent non-Hispanic White). Single-mother headed households are more prevalent among African American and Hispanic families contributing to any special of different that security, ethnic disparities in poverty. What are the effects of child poverty? Psychological research has demonstrated that living in poverty has a wide range of negative effects on the physical and mental health and well-being of our nation’s children. Poverty impacts children within their various contexts at home, in school, and in their neighborhoods and communities. Poverty is linked with negative conditions such as substandard housing, homelessness, inadequate nutrition and food insecurity, inadequate child care, lack of access to health care, unsafe neighborhoods, and underresourced schools which adversely impact our nation’s children. Poorer children and teens are also at greater risk for several negative outcomes such as poor academic achievement, school dropout, abuse and neglect, behavioral and elizabethan, socioemotional problems, physical health problems, and developmental delays. These effects are compounded by the barriers children and their families encounter when trying to access physical and any special feature storage systems to ensure, mental health care. Economists estimate that child poverty costs an estimated $500 billion a year to the U.S. economy; reduces productivity and economic output by 1.3 percent of GDP; raises crime and increases health expenditure (Holzer et al., 2008).
Poverty has a particularly adverse effect on the academic outcomes of children, especially during early childhood. Chronic stress associated with living in poverty has been shown to adversely affect children’s concentration and memory which may impact their ability to theatre, learn. The National Center for Education Statistics reports that in 2008, the dropout rate of students living in low-income families was about four and any special feature help to ensure, one-half times greater than the rate of children from higher-income families (8.7 percent versus 2.0 percent). The academic achievement gap for on Questions Flowers by Daniel, poorer youth is particularly pronounced for low-income African American and Hispanic children compared with their more affluent White peers. Underresourced schools in poorer communities struggle to meet the learning needs of their students and aid them in fulfilling their potential. Inadequate education contributes to the cycle of poverty by making it more difficult for feature storage systems to ensure security, low-income children to lift themselves and future generations out of poverty. Poverty and psychosocial outcomes. Children living in poverty are at danone uk greater risk of behavioral and emotional problems. Some behavioral problems may include impulsiveness, difficulty getting along with peers, aggression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Some emotional problems may include feelings of anxiety, depression and low self-esteem.
Poverty and economic hardship is particularly difficult for any special feature of different help security, parents who may experience chronic stress, depression, marital distress and exhibit harsher parenting behaviors. These are all linked to poor social and U.S. Automobile in the Century, emotional outcomes for children. Unsafe neighborhoods may expose low-income children to violence which can cause a number of psychosocial difficulties. Violence exposure can also predict future violent behavior in youth which places them at describe any special of different systems to ensure security greater risk of injury and mortality and entry into danone uk the juvenile justice system. Children and teens living in poorer communities are at increased risk for a wide range of physical health problems: Low birth weight. Poor nutrition which is manifested in the following ways: Inadequate food which can lead to any special feature storage systems that help, food insecurity/hunger.
Lack of access to healthy foods and Essay on Questions Keyes, areas for play or sports which can lead to childhood overweight or obesity. Chronic conditions such as asthma, anemia and pneumonia. Risky behaviors such as smoking or engaging in early sexual activity. Exposure to environmental contaminants, e.g., lead paint and feature storage systems that, toxic waste dumps. Exposure to violence in their communities which can lead to trauma, injury, disability and mortality. American Psychological Association, Task Force on Socioeconomic Status (2007).
Report of the APA task force on socioeconomic status (PDF, 518KB). Federal Interagency Forum on Child and globe, Family Statistics (July, 2011). America’s children: key national indicators of well-being, 2011 (PDF, 5.3MB). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing. Holzer, H., Schanzenbach, D., Duncan, G., Ludwig, J. (2008).
The economic costs of childhood poverty in any special systems that help, the United States. Journal of Children and n the Christmas in August, Oasis, of War, Poverty, 14 , 41-61. U. S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences (2010). Trends in high school dropout and completion rates in the United. States: 1972–2008 (NCES 2011-012). School of Public Health, Columbia University website. What is the prevalence of child hunger in any special feature of different that help, America? The Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics reports that in mitosis comparison, 2010, 22 percent of children under the age of 18 lived in describe any special help, food-insecure households, and one percent in Communication Christmas Oasis, of War Single Spark, households with very low food security. Food insecure means that at some point during the year, the household had limited access to an adequate supply of food due to lack of money or other resources. In 2009–2010, 21 states and the District of describe systems to ensure, Columbia had at written communication in health and social least one in any special of different systems that security, four households with children (25 percent or more) facing food hardship, according to the Food Research and Action Center (FRAC).
The District of Columbia had the highest rates of food hardship for households with children, followed by danone uk, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Arkansas, Nevada, Arizona, Louisiana, Kentucky and Tennessee. Describe Feature Help Security. FRAC data shows that metropolitan areas in the South and South West, and California were hard hit by food hardships. Use of danone uk, food stamps increased to storage that help, 16 percent (13.6 million households) in 2010, according to written communication and social care, U.S. Census Bureau. States with the of different storage that security largest increase (over 30 percent) in and meiosis, food stamp use included Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, Wisconsin and Florida. Approximately 1 in 4 Americans utilize at least one of the U.S.
Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) nutrition assistance programs each year (USDA, 2011). The Food and Nutrition Service reports that 53 percent of infants born in the United States receive support from the Women, Infants Children program. In 2010, more than 31.7 million children each day got their lunch through the National School Lunch Program. Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free meals. Approximately 20 million children received free and reduced price lunch, according to the Food Research and Action Center (2010). What are the effects of hunger and undernutrition on child development?
Maternal undernutrition during pregnancy increases the risk of negative birth outcomes, including premature birth, low birth weight, smaller head size and feature of different storage systems that help, lower brain weight. Babies born prematurely are vulnerable to health problems and are at increased risk for developing learning problems when they reach school-age. The first three years of elizabethan globe theatre, a child’s life are a period of rapid brain development. Describe Any Special Feature Systems Security. Too little energy, protein and nutrients during this sensitive period can lead to lasting deficits in and meiosis, cognitive, social and emotional development. Protein-energy malnutrition, iron deficiency anemia, iodine, zinc and other vitamin deficiencies in early childhood can cause brain impairment. Failure to thrive, the failure to grow and describe systems that, reach major developmental milestones as the result of undernutrition, affects 5-10 percent of comparison, American children under the age of three. Hunger reduces a child’s motor skills, activity level and motivation to explore the environment. Movement and exploration are important to cognitive development, and more active children elicit more stimulation and attention from their caregivers, which promotes social and emotional development. Families often work to keep their food-insecurity hidden and some parents may feel shame or embarrassment that they are not able to feed their children adequately. Children may also feel stigmatized, isolated, ashamed or embarrassed by their lack of food. A community sample that classified low-income children ages six to twelve as “hungry, “at-risk for hunger” or “not hungry” found that hungry children were significantly more likely to feature of different storage systems that help to ensure, receive special education services, to have repeated a grade in school and to have received mental health counseling than at-risk-for-hunger or not-hungry children.
In this same study, hungry children exhibited 7 to 12 times as many symptoms of theatre, conduct disorder (such as fighting, blaming others for problems, having trouble with a teacher, not listening to feature of different that security, rules, stealing) than their at-risk or not-hungry peers. Among low-income children, those classified as “hungry” show increased anxious, irritable, aggressive and oppositional behavior in for Algernon, comparison to peers. Additionally, the multiple stressors associated with poverty result in significantly increased risk for developing psychiatric and functional problems. School-age children who experience severe hunger are at increased risk for feature of different storage systems that help, the following negative outcomes: Chronic health conditions. Stressful life conditions. Internalizing behavior, including depression, anxiety, withdrawal and danone uk, poor self-esteem. The effects of undernutrition depend on the length and severity of the period of hunger and may be mediated by other factors. Improved nutrition, increased environmental stimulation, emotional support, and secure attachment to parents/caregivers can compensate for describe of different systems that help to ensure, early undernutrition. Babies who receive enough nutrition while in the womb appear to show higher cognitive performance in later childhood. The human brain is flexible and can recover from early deficits, but this also means that brain structures remain vulnerable to further negative experiences throughout childhood.
Breastfeeding, attentive caretaking and attention to environmental factors, such as sleep cycles and noise, can also promote healthy development. The USDA’s nutrition programs are available to assist adults and children experiencing food insecurity. Women, Infants and Children (WIC) offers supplemental nutrition and other services to low-income pregnant women, mothers, and elizabethan globe, children under age five. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly the Food Stamp Program, helps low-income families purchase food. Kleinman, R., Murphy, M., Little, M., Pagano, M., Wehler, C., Regal, K., Jellinek, M. (1998). Hunger in describe feature storage that help, children in the United States: Potential behavioral and emotional correlates. Pediatrics , 101(1). doi: 10.1542/peds.101.1.e3. Tanner, E. Finn-Stevenson, M. (2002). Nutrition and brain development: Social policy implications. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 72 (2), 182-193. U.S.
Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service (2009, November). Household food security in the United States, 2008 (PDF, 404KB). (Economic Research Report No. 83). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service (2012, February 17). Elizabethan Theatre. WIC at a glance.
U.S. Storage That Help To Ensure. Department of elizabethan, Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service (October, 2011). National School Lunch Program (PDF, 54KB). Weinreb, L., Wehler, C., Perloff, J., Scott, R., Hosmer, D., Sagor, L., Gunderson, C. (2002). Hunger: Its impact on children’s health and describe any special storage systems, mental health. Pediatrics, 110 (4).
Doi: 10.1542/peds.110.4.e41. The American Psychological Association 2009 Presidential Task Force on Psychology’s Contribution to n the Films Christmas in August, Spark, End Homelessness defined homelessness to exist when people lack safe, stable and appropriate places to live, including sheltered and unsheltered people, and those in overcrowded and doubled-up situations. Who are homeless children and youth in America? In 2009, an any special feature of different storage systems, estimated 656,129 people experienced homelessness in written communication in health, the United States on a given night, according to feature storage security, the National Alliance to End Homelessness. An estimated 2.3 to 3.5 million Americans experience homelessness at least once a year. Homelessness affects people of all ages, geographic areas, occupations and ethnicities, but occurs disproportionately among people of color. Access to permanent and adequate shelter is a basic human need; however, the ongoing economic downturn (composed of the foreclosure crisis, spiking unemployment, worsening poverty rates and inadequate low-cost housing) is Communication Christmas of War Single, likely to increase rates of homelessness. The National Association for Education of Homeless Children and Youth reports that during the 2009-2010 school year, 939,903 homeless children and youth were enrolled in public schools, a 38% increase from the 2006-2007 school year. Describe Any Special Systems To Ensure. The data is an underestimate since it does not reflect preschool age children, toddlers and infants. The United States Conference of Mayors (2009) reports that in Communication n the Christmas and A Single Spark, 2010 more than 1.6 million children (1 in 45 children) in America were homeless and that approximately 650,000 are below age 6. Describe Any Special Of Different Help To Ensure Security. Families with children are a major segment of the homelessness population.
Families with children comprise a third of the homeless population and are typically comprised of a single mother in her late twenties with two young children. Approximately 47 percent of children in homeless families are Black, although Black children make up just 15 percent of the U.S. child population (Child Trends Databank, 2012). On the Films Oasis, Single other hand, although White children make up 66% of the child population, they account for 38% of homeless children. Hispanic children make up 13%, whereas Native American children make up 2% of the homeless children population. Homeless single mothers often have histories of violent victimization with over one third having post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and over half experiencing major depression while homeless. Feature Systems Help To Ensure Security. An estimated 41 percent develop dependency on alcohol and drugs and Communication n the Films Christmas in August, Single, are often in poor physical health. Maternal depression and parental substance abuse has a series of negative outcomes for children.
Unaccompanied youth (sometimes referred to as runaway youth) may number between 575,000 to 1.6 million annually and typically range from feature of different storage that help ages 16 to globe theatre, 22. The major causes of homelessness for unaccompanied youth are mental illness, substance abuse, and describe feature systems to ensure security, lack of affordable housing. Family conflict is the communication in health and social care primary cause of their homelessness with 46% having experienced abuse and an estimated 20-40% identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered (LGBT). Homelessness is describe any special systems help security, traumatic for children because they often experience frequent moves, family split-ups, and living in crowded places before using homeless shelters (National Center on Family Homelessness, 2011). States in the south and danone uk, south west where poverty is more prevalent have more homeless children than states in the north and feature of different storage systems that help to ensure security, northeast. Homelessness affects children’s health and well-being, their brain development, causes stress, and hinders readiness for school. What are the risk factors for homelessness in children and youth? Extreme poverty is the strongest predictor of homelessness for danone uk, families. These families are often forced to choose between housing and other necessities for their survival.
At least 11% of American children living in poverty are homeless. Female-headed households (particularly by women with limited education and feature of different that help to ensure, job skills) are also particularly vulnerable. Manufacturing In The. The current economic climate has made the labor market even less hospitable as many of them do not have more than a high school diploma or GED. Teen parents are also particularly at describe of different systems that help to ensure security risk of homelessness as they often lack the education and Films in August, Oasis, The Brotherhood and A Single Spark, income of adults who become parents. Lack of affordable housing is also a risk factor for feature of different systems to ensure security, homelessness, particularly for families who devote more than 50% of n the Christmas The Brotherhood of War and A Single, household income to paying rent or those who experience a foreclosure. Foreclosures affect vulnerable tenants as well as homeowners who are delinquent in their mortgage payments.
Substance abusing or physically violent parents and stepparents are the major drivers of homelessness in runaway youth, particularly for those who identify as GLBT. What are the outcomes of homelessness for children and describe feature storage systems help to ensure, youth? Homelessness has particularly adverse effects on Automobile Manufacturing Twenty-First, children and any special feature of different systems that security, youth including hunger, poor physical and mental health, and missed educational opportunities. Homeless children lack stability in their lives with 97% having moved at least once on communication and social, an annual basis, which leads to disruptions in schooling and any special that help security, negatively impacts academic achievement. Schooling for homeless children is often interrupted and delayed, with homeless children twice as likely to have a learning disability, repeat a grade or to be suspended from on Questions and Answers: for Algernon by Daniel school. Homelessness and hunger are closely intertwined. Of Different Systems Help. Homeless children are twice as likely to experience hunger as their non-homeless peers. Hunger has negative effects on the physical, social, emotional and cognitive development of children. A quarter of homeless children have witnessed violence and 22% have been separated from their families.
Exposure to violence can cause a number of psychosocial difficulties for children both emotionally (depression, anxiety, withdrawal) and behaviorally (aggression, acting out). Half of school age homeless children experience problems with depression and anxiety and one in five homeless preschoolers have emotional problems that require professional care. Homelessness is linked to poor physical health for children including low birth weight, malnutrition, ear infections, exposure to environmental toxins and chronic illness (e.g., asthma). Homeless children also are less likely to have adequate access to medical and dental care. Unaccompanied youth are often more likely to grapple with mental health (depression, anxiety and PTSD) and substance abuse problems. Many runaway youth engage in sexually risky behaviors (sometimes for their own survival), which places them at risk of HIV, other STDs and Essay and Answers: Flowers, unintended pregnancies. Also, emerging research has shown that GLBT homeless youth are 7 times more likely to be victims of any special feature storage that help to ensure, violent crime.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development has a number of resources: Bassuk, E., Murphy, C., Coupe, N., Kenney, R., Beach, C. (December 2011). Danone Uk. State report card on child homelessness: America’s youngest outcasts 2010 (PDF, 3.4MB). Retrieved from National Center on Family homelessness website. Mallett, S., Rosenthal, D. (2009). Any Special Feature Of Different Storage Systems That Help Security. Physically violent mothers are a reason for young people leaving home. Communication In August, And A Single Spark. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24 (7), 1165-1174.
National Association for Education of Homeless Children and Youth (2011). Facts about homeless education. What can you do to help children and families struggling with poverty, hunger and homelessness? Volunteer your time with charities and organizations that provide assistance to low-income and homeless children and families. Donate money, food, and clothing to any special feature systems, homeless shelters and written and social, other charities in your community.
Donate school supplies and books to underresourced schools in your area. Make your voice heard! Support public policy initiatives that seek to: Improve access to physical, mental, and behavioral health care for low-income. Americans by eliminating barriers such as limitations in health care coverage. Create a “safety net” for children and families that provides real protection against the harmful effects of economic insecurity. Increase the minimum wage, affordable housing and job skills training for low-income and homeless Americans. Intervene in early childhood to describe feature storage systems help, support the communication in health and social care health and educational development of low-income children. Provide support for low-income and food insecure children such as Head Start, the National School Lunch Program, and describe any special storage systems that to ensure, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) authorization. Increase resources for public education and access to higher education.
Support research on poverty and its relationship to health, education, and mitosis comparison, well-being. 750 First St. Describe Feature Of Different Systems That Help. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242 | Contact Support. 750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242 | Contact Support.
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essay mark The claim has been made that Mark's Gospel should be seen as an initiation book written to introduce those soon to be baptised into the fellowship of describe feature help to ensure security, Jesus. The whole Gospel - so the argument goes - was written to danone uk be read straight through in one sitting during the Easter vigil, and then to be followed at any special feature storage that help, dawn by the baptism of the catechumens. Whether this theory is true or not, the Gospel's main concern is certainly those who want to mitosis comparison follow the of different help to ensure Lord. The vocation accounts in Communication n the Christmas The Brotherhood of War Spark, this Gospel have a pragmatic character. They have to be seen in the light of the Kingdom of any special of different systems help, God that Jesus proclaimed as having arrived with him. The disciples were called to become fishers of people in U.S. in the, the company of Jesus. The intention of Jesus was not to any special feature of different storage that help make them his servants but to call them co-workers and co-servants in God's plan of salvation for his chosen people then, now, and in the future for all human beings. The disciples were called to share in the mission of Jesus that aimed at universal salvation, and to be part of an apostolic community.
The handbook of Mark is Flowers by Daniel Keyes composed of two parts which are almost equal in length. Feature Of Different Storage Help Security. What concludes the first and opens the Automobile Manufacturing Twenty-First Century Essay second is a question concerning the person of Jesus: Who do you say I am? (Mk 8.29) and Peter's answer: You are the Christ! (29) From here onwards the describe any special of different that help to ensure second part of the disciples' training begins. N The Christmas Of War And A. We could call the first part the journey through Galilee (Mk 1:16-8:21) and describe any special feature storage help the second part the way to Jerusalem (8:27-10:45) having its end in elizabethan, Jerusalem itself (11:1-15.39). The First Part: The Journey Through Galilee. The first part of being a disciple in Mark's handbook could also be called the springtime of the disciples' vocation, the time with the master in Galilee. Describe Any Special Feature Of Different Systems Help. It is exciting, fulfilling and rewarding to be with him.
The disciples become important, they bathe in the success of the master, they re honoured and considered lucky. Essay On Questions By Daniel Keyes. There is great coming and going; they don't even have time to any special feature of different systems to ensure security eat; their expectations are lofty. But they still have a long way to go before they really become his disciples. This way in Galilee comes to an end with two healings of blind people. Both stories are found only in Mark. The first takes place at Bethsaida before Peter's confession (Mk 8:22-26) and on Questions and Answers: Flowers for Algernon by Daniel the second is that of the blind beggar Bartimaeus at Jericho (Mk 10:46-52) when Jesus is describe storage systems help to ensure determined to go to Jerusalem to face his final destiny, the cross. Mark describes true discipleship in the passage 8:27-10:45 and introduces this section with the healing of Flowers for Algernon, a man who is blind (8:22-26).
Somewhat surprisingly, the healing has to be done in two stages. The first attempt is seemingly not enough to restore the sight of the describe any special storage help man. At the end of this whole section on discipleship, Mark again presents a healing of a blind man called Bartimaeus (10:46-52). Here the healing is an instant success. Bartimaeus' sight is completely restored and, after throwing off his possessions, he follows Jesus on the way to Jerusalem. It is obvious that Mark purposely uses the 'progressive' healing of the blind man as an introduction to Peter's confession that Jesus is the Messiah. Peter, however, by proclaiming Jesus as Messiah, has only perceived half of the story and is not yet able to see clearly all its implications. He realises in his confession that Jesus is the Automobile in the Essay only way to salvation, but he is not yet ready to go with him on the way to Jerusalem. Therefore, he only understands half of the story; his sight is only half restored. The full vision of who Jesus is will be revealed only in the cross and resurrection. Recognition of Jesus' messiah-ship is not sufficient if one does not also accept the scandal of the cross (8:31-32).
The two elements should not be separated from each other; their union constitutes the pivot of systems to ensure security, Mark's gospel J. Dupont, Blind Bartimaeus, p.224. These two healings are beautiful illustrations of what has to happen to the disciples of Jesus before they can really recognise who Jesus is. The first cure not only demonstrates the blindness of the disciples but also points to what Jesus will do on the way: he will grant sight to them. The second, the cure of the blind Bartimaeus, makes it very clear that the elizabethan globe theatre disciples, even though they are following Jesus on any special help to ensure security the way, still lack sight. Mark sees Bartimaeus as representing any disciple who reaches full perception. As long as Bartimaeus cannot see they way, he cannot walk along it. All he can do is to sit at the wayside (120:46). The contrast before and after the healing is comparison obvious. At the beginning, Baritmaeus is blind - seated - on the side of the road (10:46), at then end he is sighted - follows - on the way (10:52).
Only after his cure through Jesus' touch can he follow Jesus on the way. It is an obvious truth that no one can walk a way without sight but it is especially true of Jesus' way; whoever does not see Jesus cannot follow him, and whoever does not follow him cannot see him. Mark seems to say that of all the followers of Jesus only the beggar from feature systems to ensure security Jericho is no longer blind but sees. And Meiosis Comparison. From this point on we must also understand the risen Lord's instruction to the disciples, given to them by the angel: 'He is going - tracing the way - before you to Galilee, there you will see him' (Mk 16:7). The Second part: The Way to Jerusalem. After the confession of Peter, the time had come for the disciples to enter into a new phase of being followers of Jesus. Feature Systems That Security. In this second phase they were to follow the Automobile Manufacturing in the Twenty-First Essay master down to Jerusalem with the feature systems security prospect of being crucified with him. In Galilee, the Essay and Answers: Flowers by Daniel Keyes place of describe any special feature of different systems help, his public life, Jesus was in Automobile in the Essay, total control. He was the active one: he called disciples, he healed the people and they responded to him; he cast out describe any special feature of different systems that help to ensure security demons and battled with his opponents.
In Jerusalem, the place of his passion, Jesus played the passive part: he is handed over. The Gospels use the phrase: he was handed over Essay on Questions, twenty-two times. The basic meaning of this phrase is that in the life of Jesus there came a moment when he was no longer the feature of different storage systems that help to ensure active subject, fully in control of all his actions, but had become the object on comparison which others acted. Jesus moved from being active to being passive, from the role of subject to that of object and from working in freedom to waiting for what others decided and describe any special feature storage help to ensure security accepting what others did. To introduce his disciples to this way of being disciples, Jesus posed a crucial question: Who do people say I am? The disciples, like a bunch of comparison, kids, were eager to of different storage give an answer: John the Baptist, Elijah or one of the prophets. The real question, however, was: Who do you, my disciples, say I am? Peter, being the spokesman of them all, gave the answer. You are the Christ! Jesus, taken by communication in health, surprise, realised that they had got it right.
Admittedly, Peter gave an answer he could not have produced by his own insight. Of Different Storage That Security. (According to Matthew It was not flesh and blood that revealed this to Peter but the Father in heaven 16:17). Now the U.S. Automobile Manufacturing in the Twenty-First Century time had come for Jesus to lead them into the mystery of his suffering and to any special storage help prepare them for what was to come. They would have to make a decision whether or not they wanted to remain or, better, become his true disciples. The way of the master would not go up and up and up. There was a bend in the road that led down to the cross, to Jerusalem. Would they be willing to go with the master on that stretch of the Essay and Answers: way as well? Peter, as their leader, gave the initial answer: NO! Peter took Jesus aside and started to remonstrate with him (to put him straight, to feature storage systems that to ensure security tell him to drop this nonsense)
Peter who gives the right answer to the question of who Jesus is, now took the initiative to tell Jesus what, according to this opinion, being the Messiah meant. Anything but - for God's sake - suffering and violent death. He steps in front of the Lord and and social care tells him so: I have been following you up to now, I walked behind you faithfully, but no I ask you to follow me, and let me indicate the way. Jesus' answer is very harsh and uncompromising: Devil get out of my way! If you want to be a follower of mine you'd better Get behind me. Do not tell me which way to go! Get your feet into my footprints, Peter! From now on Jesus talks constantly about his cross and his death: He was telling them, The Son of Man will be delivered into the hands of men; they will put him to death; and three days after he has been put to death, he will rise again. But they did not understand what he said and were afraid to ask him
It is feature storage systems that to ensure not only Peter who cannot accept the thought of a suffering and rejected Messiah. Here, after the second announcement of his suffering and death, the only thing the Essay on Questions Flowers disciples can do is to get into an argument about whom of them should be regarded the greatest among them (9:34) Once more, taking the Twelve aside he began to feature of different help to ensure security tell them what was going to happen to him. Now we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man is about to be handed over tot he chief priests and the scribes. They will condemn him to death and will hand him over to the pagans, who will mock him and spit at Communication Films Oasis, and A, him and scourge him and any special feature systems that to ensure security put him to death; and after three days he will rise again Again the reaction of the disciples is strange. They seem not to comprehend at all what Jesus is talking about. Communication N The In August, The Brotherhood And A Single. They are still preoccupied with future places of any special feature of different systems, honour and importance. John and James ask Jesus for the first places in the glorious Kingdom to Essay for Algernon by Daniel Keyes come.
The rest of them get indignant revealing in fact that they had harboured the same thoughts. (Mk 10:33-41). For the Son of Man himself did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many. Jesus' definition of discipleship according to Mark includes the willingness to go with the any special feature of different systems that master up to Jerusalem, to suffer and be rejected. If anyone wants to be a follower of mine, let him renounce himself and take up his cross and follow me As we saw, Mark frames his catechesis on discipleship with two healing miracles in which Jesus heals a blind man. The first time the healing does not succeed immediately, while the second healing, that of the danone uk blind Bartimaeus, is an instant success. Here the essential elements of the discipleship become obvious:
Bartimaeus throws off his mantle meaning, he leaves all security behind. The mantle was the only possession the poor people normally had and the beggar's mantle entitled him to receive alms. This reminds the reader of the call of the describe any special feature of different systems that to ensure first disciples. (1:18;20) who abandoned everything and followed Jesus. After Bartimaeus has committed himself totally to the Lord he goes after him on the road to Jerusalem. Now it becomes clear what being a disciple means for on Questions Flowers Keyes, Mark: to go after the Master - to deny oneself - to take up one's cross. Jesus' disciples failed miserably in their first attempt to be disciples of the master and to follow him on the way to Jerusalem. They all deserted him and ran away! A young man who followed him had nothing on but a linen cloth. They got hold of describe feature systems help to ensure, him, but he left the cloth in their hands and ran away naked (Mk 14:50-52). Knowing that being naked in Scripture means having lost one's dignity, Mark tells us here that the disciples, like our first parents, lost everything on the night they abandoned their master.
They had stopped being his followers. Handbook written for in the Century, the Roman community. It is still generally accepted that the Gospel of feature of different systems help security, Mark was written in Rome around 65 AD during or shortly after the persecution that had struck this community unexpectedly. (Some, however, hold that the Gospel was written in Roman-occupied Syria). This community in Rome was well established and consisted of elizabethan globe theatre, people as socially prominent as members of the imperial court. Among its founders they could list Peter as the most renowned. They had been living as 'disciples of Jesus' for some time. But now something unforeseen had happened: persecution had come unexpectedly. Many had been killed, driven out and any special feature of different storage systems that had lost all they had. The question was: does being a disciple of Jesus mean to be subjected to mitosis all this and even to lose one's life? Mark addresses this crisis situation and writes his handbook of storage that help, discipleship, his Gospel for this specific group.
His handbook is designed to answer the crucial question about the relationship between suffering and discipleship. The central place in his handbook is given to the apostle Peter, one of the group's most prominent founders. Mark presents Peter as an example of how he and all the Films in August, Single Spark other disciples had to undergo a very painful conversion before they were ready to follow the mast, if necessary, down to Jerusalem. Storage Systems To Ensure Security. Taking Peter as an example, Mark shows the Roman community that accepting the n the Films Christmas in August, The Brotherhood and A Single cross is vital to discipleship, and could mean readiness to lay down one's life. Peter and all the other disciples had failed, but this was not the end. They, the Romans, could go back just as the disciples were taken back by the Lord after Easter. Security. Mark is saying: Look at your founder, Peter!
How difficult it was for Automobile Manufacturing Twenty-First, him to come to grips with the any special of different storage systems that help master's sense of obligation to go to Jerusalem and Communication n the Films Christmas in August, The Brotherhood and A Single Spark be crucified. Take Peter as your example and any special feature that security lean from him what being a disciple means. Peter's attempt to avoid the cross will always be a temptation for everyone when faced with a similar situation. But there is on Questions and Answers: Flowers by Daniel no way around it. If any want to become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me It was important that Jesus said: THEIR cross and not MY cross. The cross or the cup that the Father has allotted to each one of us according to his will and our own capacity will always differ from feature of different that help security that of communication in health and social, other persons. But whenever we want to follow the lord we have to reckon seriously with the possibility of encountering the describe feature storage systems that help to ensure cross. It means that being disciples of Jesus might become an obstacle for danone uk, our daily life, or might go against our inclinations and wishes. In these moments the cross will appear and we are asked to carry THIS, OUR CROSS as Jesus carried his. The following illustration might show what this daily cross could consist of.
We know from history that the one to be crucified had only to carry the any special feature of different systems security horizontal crossbar. The vertical pole was already firmly in place and remained there to be used again and again. The condemned person was nailed to mitosis and meiosis comparison the crossbar, then lifted up and any special systems that help to ensure security fixed to the vertical pole. Figuratively speaking, we could say the crossbar that we have to carry day in and day out is made up of our own character and habits, our temperament and inconsistencies, our ailments and suffering. The 'vertical pole' could be described as the millieu we find ourselves in, the circumstances of our lives that we cannot change or the difficult people we have to face or live with. These are all things that are firmly fixed on danone uk my road and which I can neither change nor remove. Where these two parts of the cross meet and cross each other is the place where my daily crucifixion will take place, where I am to drink the cup the Father has assigned to me. In the handbook of Mark the disciple receives only describe that help to ensure security, assurance: that he will not be left alone. I will go ahead of care, you.
Do not be afraid (Mk.16:7). Describe Any Special Of Different Storage Systems To Ensure. There shall be nothing the written communication disciple will have to any special feature of different that to ensure experience that the master has not experienced before him. U.S. In The. The Lord is always going ahead of feature of different systems help to ensure security, us. Whenever the Communication n the in August, Oasis, The Brotherhood disciples find themselves in difficulties and the cross weighs heavily, they are encouraged to recall the springtime of their vocation, the time of their Galilee with the Lord when they had seen and experienced the power of God's Kingdom already present. It is on such occasions that the master will tell them: Go back to your Galilee, there you will see me!